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Khan Muhammad A - - 2013
Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently coexist and have emerged as major cardiovascular epidemics. There is growing evidence that AF is an independent prognostic marker in HF and affects patients with both reduced as well as preserved LV systolic function. There has been a general move in clinical ...
Banerjee Abhijit - - 2013
To study the impact of the choice of injection points in the diffusion of a new product in a society, we developed a model of word-of-mouth diffusion and then applied it to data on social networks and participation in a newly available microfinance loan program in 43 Indian villages. Our ...
Hamid Tahir - - 2013
Patients with chronic aortic dissections are at high risk of catheter-induced complications. We report a 41-year-old patient with a type B aortic dissection (Stanford) who underwent successful three-vessel percutaneous coronary intervention via the right radial artery approach following a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. The patient remained asymptomatic at 6 mo ...
Shen Caiwei - - 2013
Prototyping of nanoporous carbon membranes with three-dimensional microscale patterns is significant for integration of such multifunctional materials into various miniaturized systems. Incorporating nano material synthesis into microelectronics technology, we present a novel approach to direct prototyping of carbon membranes with highly nanoporous structures inside. Membranes with significant thicknesses (1 ~ ...
Bailey W E - - 2013
The internal phase profile of electromagnetic radiation determines many functional properties of metal, oxide or semiconductor heterostructures. In magnetic heterostructures, emerging spin electronic phenomena depend strongly upon the phase profile of the magnetic field at gigahertz frequencies. Here we demonstrate nanometre-scale, layer-resolved detection of electromagnetic phase through the radio frequency ...
Kang Seong A SA Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Nine Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, - - 2013
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) protein kinase promotes growth and is the target of rapamycin, a clinically useful drug that also prolongs life span in model organisms. A persistent mystery is why the phosphorylation of many bona fide mTORC1 substrates is resistant to rapamycin. We find ...
Cannillo Margherita - - 2013
Patients with chronic aortic dissections are at high risk of catheter-induced complications. We report a Berberine is used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of congestive heart failure, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidaemia and has a good safety profile. We report a case of a 53-year-old sportsman referred to our ...
Mills I - - 2013
This paper explores the concept of patient-centred care as a dimension of quality as applied to dentistry and provides a systematic review of the literature. The new NHS dental contract, which is currently being piloted in England, is committed to delivering improvements in quality. The Dental Quality and Outcomes Framework ...
Chesler Paul M - - 2013
Superfluid turbulence is a fascinating phenomenon for which a satisfactory theoretical framework is lacking. Holographic duality provides a systematic approach to studying such quantum turbulence by mapping the dynamics of a strongly interacting quantum liquid into the dynamics of classical gravity. We use this gravitational description to numerically construct turbulent ...
Filippatos Theodosios D - - 2013
Several epidemiological studies have clearly shown that low plasma levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) represent a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. However, it is unclear if there is a causal association between HDL-C concentration and CVD. A recent study published in the Lancet, which performed two Mendelian randomization ...
Schild Lisa C - - 2013
To survive, animals need to minimize exposure to damaging agents. They can either stay away from noxious stimuli (defined as avoidance), requiring the detection of remote warning cues, or run away upon exposure to noxious stimuli (defined as escape). Here we combine behavioural quantitative analyses, simulations and genetics to determine ...
Karki Khadga J - - 2013
Multiple exciton generation (MEG) is a process in which more than one exciton is generated upon the absorption of a high energy photon, typically higher than two times the band gap, in semiconductor nanocrystals. It can be observed experimentally using time resolved spectroscopy such as the transient absorption measurements. Quantification ...
Marcenes W - - 2013
Aim To report ethnic differences related to caries experience among three- to four-year-old children living in three of the most deprived boroughs in the UK in Inner North East London: Tower Hamlets, Hackney and Newham.Methods This cross-sectional survey used a cluster sampling study design following the British Association for the ...
Ramirez Steve - - 2013
Memories can be unreliable. We created a false memory in mice by optogenetically manipulating memory engram-bearing cells in the hippocampus. Dentate gyrus (DG) or CA1 neurons activated by exposure to a particular context were labeled with channelrhodopsin-2. These neurons were later optically reactivated during fear conditioning in a different context. ...
Kreft Holger - - 2013
Holt et al. (Report, 4 January 2013, p. 74) propose substantial modifications of Wallace's long-standing zoogeographic regions based on clustering of a pairwise similarity matrix of vertebrate assemblages. We worry about their compromised use of phylogenies and show that a fundamental point of their analysis--i.e., the delineation of new realms--is ...
Duarte M J - - 2013
Ultrathin passive films effectively prevent the chemical attack of stainless steel grades in corrosive environments; their stability depends on the interplay between structure and chemistry of the constituents iron, chromium, and molybdenum (Fe-Cr-Mo). Carbon (C), and eventually boron (B), are also important constituents of steels, although in small quantities. In ...
Krockenberger Yoshiharu - - 2013
In many of today's most interesting materials, strong interactions prevail upon the magnetic moments, the electrons, and the crystal lattice, forming strong links between these different aspects of the system. Particularly, in two-dimensional cuprates, where copper is either five- or six-fold coordinated, superconductivity is commonly induced by chemical doping which ...
- - 2013
It is reported in children, that as the frequency of sleep bruxism increased, so did health problems.
Dvorak Marc - - 2013
Owing to its remarkable electronic and transport properties, graphene has great potential of replacing silicon for next-generation electronics and optoelectronics; but its zero bandgap associated with Dirac fermions prevents such applications. Among numerous attempts to create semiconducting graphene, periodic patterning using defects, passivation, doping, nanoscale perforation, etc., is particularly promising ...
Li Ying Y Life Sciences Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058 Zhejiang, P.R. - - 2013
The essential bacterial protein FtsZ is a guanosine triphosphatase that self-assembles into a structure at the division site termed the "Z ring". During cytokinesis, the Z ring exerts a constrictive force on the membrane by using the chemical energy of guanosine triphosphate hydrolysis. However, the structural basis of this constriction ...
Korantzopoulos Panagiotis - - 2013
To examine the effect of ibutilide on novel indexes of repolarization in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). We studied consecutive patients scheduled for elective electrical cardioversion. Intravenous ibutilide (1 + 1 mg) was administered before the electrical cardioversion while close electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring was performed. ECG indexes such as ...
Saeidi Nima N Center for Basic and Translational Obesity Research, Division of Endocrinology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
The resolution of type 2 diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) attests to the important role of the gastrointestinal tract in glucose homeostasis. Previous studies in RYGB-treated rats have shown that the Roux limb displays hyperplasia and hypertrophy. Here, we report that the Roux limb of RYGB-treated rats exhibits reprogramming ...
Pant Sadip - - 2013
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure for systemic hypoxemia is controversial. The first systematic, albeit retrospective, study was recently presented which showed good procedural and clinical success for PFO closure for this indication. We present a case of acute right to left intra-cardiac shunt across PFO where the shunting is not ...
- - 2013
It has yet to be shown that 'passive vaping' is harmless.
Jones Colwyn M - - 2013
Aim To report ethnic differences related to caries experience among three- to four-year-old children living in three of the most deprived boroughs in the UK in Inner North East London: Tower Hamlets, Hackney and Newham.Methods This cross-sectional survey used a cluster sampling study design following the British Association for the ...
De Greve Kristiaan - - 2013
Entanglement between stationary quantum memories and photonic qubits is crucial for future quantum communication networks. Although high-fidelity spin-photon entanglement was demonstrated in well-isolated atomic and ionic systems, in the solid-state, where massively parallel, scalable networks are most realistically conceivable, entanglement fidelities are typically limited due to intrinsic environmental interactions. Distilling ...
Liu Hong-Tao - - 2013
Homogeneous catalysis by gold involves organogold complexes as precatalysts and reaction intermediates. Fundamental knowledge of the gold-carbon bonding is critical to understanding the catalytic mechanisms. However, limited spectroscopic information is available about organogolds that are relevant to gold catalysts. Here we report an investigation of the gold-carbon bonding in gold(I)-alkynyl ...
Mahmood R - - 2013
Dental implants have shown great success in recent years. However, in certain circumstances they can suffer from complications. It usually results from a combination of infection and host inflammatory responses or a lack thereof. This report documents an extra-oral cutaneous fistula associated with an osseointegrated dentoalveolar implant.
Hajjari Mohammadreza - - 2013
HOTAIR is a known long non-coding RNA which has recently been associated with the progression of some cancer types. It has been reported that HOTAIR expression is correlated with SUZ12 expression level and therefore may affect the epigenetic state of cancer tissues. Here, we found aberrant up-regulation of HOTAIR in ...
Chen Lisa Y - - 2013
Continuous monitoring of in vivo biological processes and their evolution at the cellular level would enable major advances in our understanding of biology and disease. As a stepping stone towards chronic cellular monitoring, we demonstrate massively parallel fabrication and delivery of 3D multilayer micro-Tags (μTags) into living cells. Both 10 μm ...
Kunitomo Hirofumi - - 2013
It is poorly understood how sensory systems memorize the intensity of sensory stimulus, compare it with a newly sensed stimulus, and regulate the orientation behaviour based on the memory. Here we report that Caenorhabditis elegans memorizes the environmental salt concentration during cultivation and exhibits a strong behavioural preference for this ...
Song Ning-Ning - - 2013
Both microwave absorption and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) are two essential performances of magnetic materials. We observe that LaFe11.6Si1.4C0.2H1.7 intermetallic compound exhibits the advantages of both giant microwave absorption exceeding -42 dB and magnetic entropy change of -20 Jkg(-1)K(-1). The excellent electromagnetic wave absorption results from the large magnetic loss and dielectric loss ...
Schröder Malte - - 2013
Crackling noise is a common feature in many systems that are pushed slowly, the most familiar instance of which is the sound made by a sheet of paper when crumpled. In percolation and regular aggregation, clusters of any size merge until a giant component dominates the entire system. Here we ...
Chang Tinghsun - - 2013
The properties of capacity-type microplasma devices were significantly enhanced due to the utilisation of hybrid diamond films as cathodes. The performance of the microplasma devices was closely correlated with the electron field emission (EFE) properties of the diamond cathode materials. The nanoemitters, which were prepared by growing duplex-structured diamond films ...
Sudrik Chaitanya - - 2013
We developed a strategy to create novel genetically encoded switches based on translational repression. We illustrated its efficacy by incorporating two copies of an RNA hairpin in the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of a target mRNA and demonstrating 7-fold translational repression upon expression of a ligand - the BIV Tat peptide.
Nishijima Masaki - - 2013
Mutant human serum albumins accelerated the photocyclodimerization of 2-anthracenecarboxylate to afford chiral cyclodimers in 75-85% enantiomeric excesses, revealing that the mutations to impair non-productive sites 1 and/or 2 enhanced the substrate binding to site 3 without seriously damaging its inherently high photochirogenic ability.
Bolatto Alberto D - - 2013
The under-abundance of very massive galaxies in the Universe is frequently attributed to the effect of galactic winds. Although ionized galactic winds are readily observable, most of the expelled mass (that is, the total mass flowing out from the nuclear region) is likely to be in atomic and molecular phases ...
Busseron Eric - - 2013
In this review, we survey the diversity of structures and functions which are encountered in advanced self-assembled nanomaterials. We highlight their flourishing implementations in three active domains of applications: biomedical sciences, information technologies, and environmental sciences. Our main objective is to provide the reader with a concise and straightforward entry ...
Kourkoutis Lena F - - 2013
All-Si tandem solar cells based on Si quantum dots (QDs) are a promising approach to future high-performance, thin film solar cells using abundant, stable and non-toxic materials. An important prerequisite to achieve a high conversion efficiency in such cells is the ability to control the geometry of the Si QD ...
Deng Fan - - 2013
The phosphorescent metalloporphyrin sensitizer PtTPTNP (TPTNP = tetraphenyltetranaphtho[2,3]porphyrin) has been successfully coupled with perylenediimide (PDI) or rubrene utilized as triplet acceptors/annihilators to upconvert 690 nm incident photons into yellow fluorescence through sensitized triplet-triplet annihilation at overall efficiencies in the 6-7% range while exhibiting exceptional photostability.
Liu Yufei - - 2013
A highly sensitive and selective DNA biosensor based on hybridization chain reaction is described, which combines CdTe quantum dots (QDs) and a ruthenium complex. Based on the variation of fluorescence signals of the CdTe QDs, the target DNA is determined.
Wang Teng - - 2013
Herein, we demonstrate that uniform Ag nanoparticles could be directionally grafted on the tip of ZnO nanowire arrays by a simple photo-reduction method. Furthermore, the structure, position, and amount of Ag nanoparticles supported on ZnO nanowire arrays could be further rationally tailored by changing the reaction parameters such as the ...
Surinova Silvia - - 2013
Targeted proteomics based on selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mass spectrometry is commonly used for accurate and reproducible quantification of protein analytes in complex biological mixtures. Strictly hypothesis-driven, SRM assays quantify each targeted protein by collecting measurements on its peptide fragment ions, called transitions. To achieve sensitive and accurate quantitative results, ...
Giovannoni Stephen - - 2013
Replying to S. Våge, J. E. Storesund & T. F. Thingstad Nature 499, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12387 (2013). In the debate about top-down versus bottom-up control, most would argue that both are important. The most probable scenario is that in the absence of high rates of transport, the equilibrium between these competing processes ...
Lauber Markus B - - 2013
The asymmetric desymmetrization of 4,6-diprotected myo-inositol derivatives was achieved by using a bifunctional, readily available nucleophilic catalyst. The orthogonally protected products were obtained in 80-99% yield with 90-99% ee. Such structures serve as potential enantiopure building blocks for the synthesis of myo-inositol phosphates.
Wang Huaimin - - 2013
Here we reported a novel biohybrid hydrogel system with the potential for cell culture and controlled drug release.
Eigler Siegfried - - 2013
The efficiency of reducing agents for the reduction of graphene oxide (GO) could be probed by scanning Raman spectroscopy. A film of graphene flakes derived from GO was probed to be graphene like. We also focus on the surface quality of reduced GO (rGO).
Zhang Qian - - 2013
Metal oxides are of paramount importance in heterogeneous catalysis as either supports or active phases. Controlled synthesis of one-dimensional (1D) metal oxide nanostructures has received enormous attention in heterogeneous catalysis due to the possibility of tailoring the properties of metal oxides by tuning their shapes, sizes, and compositions. This feature ...
Racine Emilie - - 2013
The N-cyclopropylation of aromatic and aliphatic secondary acyclic amides, known to be poor nucleophiles, has been accomplished using a simple and cheap copper system. The corresponding tertiary acyclic amides, which constitute a wide family of biologically active compounds, have been obtained in good to excellent yields.
Boonrungsiman Suwimon - - 2013
Silicon supplementation has been shown to play an important role in skeleton development, however, the potential role that silicon plays in mediating bone formation, and an understanding of where it might localise in the resulting bone tissue remain elusive. An improved understanding of these processes could have important implications for ...
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