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Wagner Jason M - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review the diagnostic accuracy of sonography in the evaluation of superficial masses with surgical and histologic findings as the reference standard. Methods- Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, informed consent was waived, and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliance was ...
Kang Kyung Shin - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that the effects of continuous ultrasound on the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) are dependent on the frequency in vitro. Methods- Before stimulation, we characterized the hASCs using cluster of differentiation marker profiles and tridifferentiation. Then we selected ...
Siwawong Woralak - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the fetal cardiac circumference derived by spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) for predicting fetal hemoglobin (Hb) Bart disease. Methods- Pregnancies at risk of fetal Hb Bart disease at 17 to 22 weeks' gestation were enrolled. All underwent STIC volume ...
Suwanabol Pasithorn A - - 2013
Venous thromboembolic disease is extremely common. Conventional treatment with anticoagulation alone aims to impede the progression of thrombus, and prevent recurrence and the development of pulmonary embolism. This is appropriate for most patients. However, in certain patient populations, this alone does not address the long-term complications of venous thromboembolic disease. ...
Rodrigues Manuel Jorge - - 2013
This Correspondence relates to the article by Lake et al that reported copy number and genotyping analysis on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples using genome-wide SNP arrays version 6.0.
Natesan S Krishnan - - 2013
Invasive aspergillosis remains a life-threatening infection in immunocompromised patients. Although clinical failures are attributed to poor host immunity, antifungal drug resistance may be a contributing factor. Reports of voriconazole (VRC) resistance (VRC-R) in clinical isolates of Aspergillus spp. continue to emerge from various centers around the world, and mechanisms contributing ...
Boncy Jacques - - 2013
The present study details work done at the National Public Health Laboratory in Haiti (LNSP), comparing the results of a cholera rapid diagnostic test (RDT) with culture-based methods. As of October 21, 2011, 644 specimens were tested by both RDT and culture-based method at the LNSP. The sensitivity and specificity ...
Lemke Shawna L - - 2013
Consumption of soybean oil enriched with stearidonic acid was previously shown to increase eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in red blood cells (RBC). This study was designed to evaluate the effect of stearidonic acid oil used as a food ingredient in baked products and beverages on the RBC fatty acid profile. This ...
Osgood D Wayne - - 2013
We test the hypothesis that an evidence-based preventive intervention will change adolescent friendship networks to reduce the potential for peer influence toward antisocial behavior. Altering adolescents' friendship networks in this way is a promising avenue for achieving setting-level prevention benefits such as expanding the reach and durability of program effects. ...
Garcia Ryan Michael - - 2013
A prospective and randomized study. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of a novel multimodal analgesic regimen in reducing postoperative pain and intravenous morphine requirements after primary multilevel lumbar decompression surgery. The use of opioid medications after surgery can lead to incomplete analgesia and may cause ...
Yazgan Cisel - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to compare the Precision Imaging sonographic technique (Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) with conventional sonography of liver lesions in terms of lesion conspicuity, margin sharpness, overall image quality, and posterior enhancement. Methods- Sixty-nine focal liver lesions in 60 patients (age range, 14-76 ...
Sey Michael Sai Lai - - 2013
Objectives- Transcutaneous bowel sonography is a nonionizing imaging modality used in inflammatory bowel disease. Although available in Europe, its uptake in North America has been limited. Since the accuracy of bowel sonography is highly operator dependent, low-volume centers in North America may not achieve the same diagnostic accuracy reported in ...
Hillelsohn Joel H - - 2013
Objectives- Sonography is a noninvasive, office-based diagnostic tool often used for evaluation of subfertile men. Previous studies have suggested that a resistive index (RI) greater than 0.6 is associated with impaired spermatogenesis. We sought to validate this threshold in a urologic patient population presenting for infertility evaluation. Methods- We retrospectively ...
Tavakoli Vahid - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the normal value of left ventricular (LV) twist in 3-dimensional (3D) geometry and to study the effects of aging on 3D LV twist by sophisticated newly developed 3D speckle-tracking echocardiographic techniques. Methods- Recent developments in miniaturized ultrasound arrays have provided us ...
Maida Eugene - - 2013
Objectives- To determine the distribution of sonographically guided deep plantar fascia injections in an unembalmed cadaveric model. Methods- A single experienced operator completed 10 sonographically guided deep plantar fascia injections in 10 unembalmed cadaveric specimens (5 right and 5 left) obtained from 6 donors (2 male and 4 female) aged ...
Rajasekaran Sathish - - 2013
Many ultrasound educational products and ultrasound researchers present diagnostic and interventional ultrasound information using picture-in-picture videos, which simultaneously show the ultrasound image and transducer and patient positions. Traditional techniques for creating picture-in-picture videos are expensive, nonportable, or time-consuming. This article describes an inexpensive, simple, and portable way of creating picture-in-picture ...
Shobeiri S Abbas - - 2013
The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe the utility of 3-dimensional endovaginal and endoanal sonography in the assessment of vulvovaginal cysts and masses. It is accepted that compared with transabdominal pelvic sonography, transvaginal end-fire sonography provides improved resolution for visualization of female reproductive organs with fewer artifacts. To ...
Shi Guo H - - 2013
To evaluate the best individualized renal biopsy strategies for Chinese patients with suspected kidney cancer. From June 2009 to Oct 2010, 100 core biopsy and fine needle aspirations(FNA) have been performed to patients (average age: 62.0 ± 14.2 years) with an indeterminate solid renal mass by computed tomography (CT) scan ...
Paltansing Sunita - - 2013
A prospective cohort study was performed among travelers from the Netherlands to investigate the acquisition of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CP-E) and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) and associated risk factors. Questionnaires were administered and rectal swab samples were collected and tested before and after traveler return. Of 370 travelers, 32 (8.6%) were ...
Leshem Eyal - - 2013
During 2012, global detection of a new norovirus (NoV) strain, GII.4 Sydney, raised concerns about its potential effect in the United States. We analyzed data from NoV outbreaks in 5 states and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in 1 state during the 2012-13 season and compared the data with ...
Edwards Eric S ES Intelliject Inc, Richmond, Virginia, USA. - - 2013
Epinephrine autoinjectors are underused for the treatment of anaphylaxis in community settings. Auvi-Q, a novel epinephrine autoinjector, was designed to be intuitive to use and reduce the potential for use-related errors. To compare the bioavailability of 0.3 mg of epinephrine (adrenaline) injected with Auvi-Q and EpiPen in healthy adults. In ...
Patel Premal A PA Radiology Department, University Hospital Southampton National Health Service Foundation Trust, Southampton General Hospital, Mailpoint 53, C-Level, Centre Block, Southampton SO16 6YD, United - - 2013
Ablation of exophytic and border-deforming liver tumors may increase risks of tumor seeding or hemorrhage. The present report describes a no-touch wedge ablation technique intended to potentially reduce tumor disruption while achieving technically adequate ablation. The technique involves the use of multiple probe positions tangential to the tumor, and was ...
Solomon Daniel H DH Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Elevated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α likely contributes to the excess cardiovascular risk observed in rheumatoid arthritis. We compared the cardiovascular risk in rheumatoid arthritis patients starting a TNF-α blocking agent versus a nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (nbDMARD). Subjects with rheumatoid arthritis participating in several different US insurance programs between 1998 ...
Clark Robert R Department of Pathology-Molecular Pathogenesis and Molecular Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, - - 2013
The goal of controlling ovarian cancer metastasis formation has elicited considerable interest in identifying the tissue microenvironments involved in cancer cell colonization of the omentum. Omental adipose is a site of prodigious metastasis in both ovarian cancer models and clinical disease. This tissue is unusual for its milky spots, comprised ...
Irwin David J DJ Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4283, - - 2013
We have recently shown acetylation of tau at lysine residue 280 (AC-K280) to be a disease-specific modification in Alzheimer disease (AD), corticobasal degeneration, and progressive supranuclear palsy, likely representing a major regulatory tau modification. Herein, we extend our observations using IHC with a polyclonal antibody specific for AC-K280. Thirty brain ...
Reilly Sheena S Speech Pathology Department, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
A central goal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve ...
Abi-Jaoudeh Nadine N Radiology and Imaging Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2013
As personalized medicine becomes more applicable to oncologic practice, image-guided biopsies will be integral for enabling predictive and pharmacodynamic molecular pathology. Interventional radiology has a key role in defining patient-specific management. Advances in diagnostic techniques, genomics, and proteomics enable a window into subcellular mechanisms driving hyperproliferation, metastatic capabilities, and tumor ...
Arcan Chrisa C Division of Epidemiology and Community of Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA. - - 2013
Prevalence of obesity among American Indian children is higher than the general US population. The school environment and teachers play important roles in helping students develop healthy eating habits. The aim of this prospective study was to examine teachers' classroom and school food practices and beliefs and the effect of ...
Clements Archie C A AC University of Queensland, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, School of Population Health, Herston, QLD, Australia. - - 2013
Malaria is one of the biggest contributors to deaths caused by infectious disease. More than 30 countries have planned or started programmes to target malaria elimination, often with explicit support from international donors. The spatial distribution of malaria, at all levels of endemicity, is heterogeneous. Moreover, populations living in low-endemic ...
Smith A J - - 2013
The driver to improve surgical instrument decontamination has been the introduction of vCJD into the UK population over the last two decades, although concerns over transmission of other infectious agents remain valid. Though significant improvements have been made in primary care, this is usually in spite of limited access to ...
Mahmood R - - 2013
Dental implants have shown great success in recent years. However, in certain circumstances they can suffer from complications. It usually results from a combination of infection and host inflammatory responses or a lack thereof. This report documents an extra-oral cutaneous fistula associated with an osseointegrated dentoalveolar implant.
Durey Kathryn - - 2013
Objectives This literature review was designed to assess and compare the success rates and modes of failure of metal-framed, fibre-reinforced composite and all-ceramic, resin-bonded bridges.Materials and method A Medline search (Ovid), supplemented by hand searching, was conducted to identify prospective and retrospective cohort studies on different resin-bonded bridges within the ...
Mills I - - 2013
This paper explores the concept of patient-centred care as a dimension of quality as applied to dentistry and provides a systematic review of the literature. The new NHS dental contract, which is currently being piloted in England, is committed to delivering improvements in quality. The Dental Quality and Outcomes Framework ...
Richards W - - 2013
The prevention of the common dental diseases is fundamental to modern day general dental practice. Oral health promotion (OHP) is therefore key to facilitating health outcomes within organisations. The literature surrounding OHP stresses the importance of evaluation in order to assess the effectiveness of OHP activities. This paper describes the ...
Hajjari Mohammadreza - - 2013
HOTAIR is a known long non-coding RNA which has recently been associated with the progression of some cancer types. It has been reported that HOTAIR expression is correlated with SUZ12 expression level and therefore may affect the epigenetic state of cancer tissues. Here, we found aberrant up-regulation of HOTAIR in ...
De Greve Kristiaan - - 2013
Entanglement between stationary quantum memories and photonic qubits is crucial for future quantum communication networks. Although high-fidelity spin-photon entanglement was demonstrated in well-isolated atomic and ionic systems, in the solid-state, where massively parallel, scalable networks are most realistically conceivable, entanglement fidelities are typically limited due to intrinsic environmental interactions. Distilling ...
Bailey W E - - 2013
The internal phase profile of electromagnetic radiation determines many functional properties of metal, oxide or semiconductor heterostructures. In magnetic heterostructures, emerging spin electronic phenomena depend strongly upon the phase profile of the magnetic field at gigahertz frequencies. Here we demonstrate nanometre-scale, layer-resolved detection of electromagnetic phase through the radio frequency ...
Vinagre João - - 2013
Reactivation of telomerase has been implicated in human tumorigenesis, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we report the presence of recurrent somatic mutations in the TERT promoter in cancers of the central nervous system (43%), bladder (59%), thyroid (follicular cell-derived, 10%) and skin (melanoma, 29%). In thyroid cancers, ...
Schröder Malte - - 2013
Crackling noise is a common feature in many systems that are pushed slowly, the most familiar instance of which is the sound made by a sheet of paper when crumpled. In percolation and regular aggregation, clusters of any size merge until a giant component dominates the entire system. Here we ...
Jiang Shan - - 2013
Real-time monitoring of nitric oxide concentrations is of central importance for probing the diverse roles of nitric oxide in neurotransmission, cardiovascular systems and immune responses. Here we report a new design of nitric oxide sensors based on hemin-functionalized graphene field-effect transistors. With its single atom thickness and the highest carrier ...
Johnston S - - 2013
Minocycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic belonging to the tetracycline family, often prescribed in infective skin conditions such as acne and rosacea. Minocycline-induced staining of the sclerae, ears, oral mucosa and teeth are rare but troublesome conditions. If patients already have concerns about their appearance due to an unsightly skin condition, ...
Jones Colwyn M - - 2013
Aim To report ethnic differences related to caries experience among three- to four-year-old children living in three of the most deprived boroughs in the UK in Inner North East London: Tower Hamlets, Hackney and Newham.Methods This cross-sectional survey used a cluster sampling study design following the British Association for the ...
Miettinen M - - 2013
Objectives This literature review was designed to assess and compare the success rates and modes of failure of metal-framed, fibre-reinforced composite and all-ceramic resin-bonded bridges.Materials and method A Medline search (Ovid), supplemented by hand searching, was conducted to identify prospective and retrospective cohort studies on different resin-bonded bridges within the ...
Schild Lisa C - - 2013
To survive, animals need to minimize exposure to damaging agents. They can either stay away from noxious stimuli (defined as avoidance), requiring the detection of remote warning cues, or run away upon exposure to noxious stimuli (defined as escape). Here we combine behavioural quantitative analyses, simulations and genetics to determine ...
Kunitomo Hirofumi - - 2013
It is poorly understood how sensory systems memorize the intensity of sensory stimulus, compare it with a newly sensed stimulus, and regulate the orientation behaviour based on the memory. Here we report that Caenorhabditis elegans memorizes the environmental salt concentration during cultivation and exhibits a strong behavioural preference for this ...
Liu Hong-Tao - - 2013
Homogeneous catalysis by gold involves organogold complexes as precatalysts and reaction intermediates. Fundamental knowledge of the gold-carbon bonding is critical to understanding the catalytic mechanisms. However, limited spectroscopic information is available about organogolds that are relevant to gold catalysts. Here we report an investigation of the gold-carbon bonding in gold(I)-alkynyl ...
Marcenes W - - 2013
Aim To report ethnic differences related to caries experience among three- to four-year-old children living in three of the most deprived boroughs in the UK in Inner North East London: Tower Hamlets, Hackney and Newham.Methods This cross-sectional survey used a cluster sampling study design following the British Association for the ...
Chesler Paul M - - 2013
Superfluid turbulence is a fascinating phenomenon for which a satisfactory theoretical framework is lacking. Holographic duality provides a systematic approach to studying such quantum turbulence by mapping the dynamics of a strongly interacting quantum liquid into the dynamics of classical gravity. We use this gravitational description to numerically construct turbulent ...
Duarte M J - - 2013
Ultrathin passive films effectively prevent the chemical attack of stainless steel grades in corrosive environments; their stability depends on the interplay between structure and chemistry of the constituents iron, chromium, and molybdenum (Fe-Cr-Mo). Carbon (C), and eventually boron (B), are also important constituents of steels, although in small quantities. In ...
Kreft Holger - - 2013
Holt et al. (Report, 4 January 2013, p. 74) propose substantial modifications of Wallace's long-standing zoogeographic regions based on clustering of a pairwise similarity matrix of vertebrate assemblages. We worry about their compromised use of phylogenies and show that a fundamental point of their analysis--i.e., the delineation of new realms--is ...
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