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Natesan S Krishnan - - 2013
Invasive aspergillosis remains a life-threatening infection in immunocompromised patients. Although clinical failures are attributed to poor host immunity, antifungal drug resistance may be a contributing factor. Reports of voriconazole (VRC) resistance (VRC-R) in clinical isolates of Aspergillus spp. continue to emerge from various centers around the world, and mechanisms contributing ...
Tavakoli Vahid - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the normal value of left ventricular (LV) twist in 3-dimensional (3D) geometry and to study the effects of aging on 3D LV twist by sophisticated newly developed 3D speckle-tracking echocardiographic techniques. Methods- Recent developments in miniaturized ultrasound arrays have provided us ...
Rajasekaran Sathish - - 2013
Many ultrasound educational products and ultrasound researchers present diagnostic and interventional ultrasound information using picture-in-picture videos, which simultaneously show the ultrasound image and transducer and patient positions. Traditional techniques for creating picture-in-picture videos are expensive, nonportable, or time-consuming. This article describes an inexpensive, simple, and portable way of creating picture-in-picture ...
Schoenfeld Andrew J - - 2013
Previous studies regarding combat wounding have a limited translational capacity due to inclusion of soldiers from all military branches and occupational specialties as well as a lack of information regarding soldiers who died in theater. A search was performed of the Department of Defense Trauma Registry and Armed Forces Medical ...
Cheung Vincent Y T - - 2013
High-intensity focused ultrasound therapy has received increasing interest in the management of solid malignancies and benign tumors. Magnetic resonance imaging has always been used to define the target for controlling and monitoring the ablation. Recently, sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound has been introduced to monitor the ablation process. This article ...
Garcia Ryan Michael - - 2013
A prospective and randomized study. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of a novel multimodal analgesic regimen in reducing postoperative pain and intravenous morphine requirements after primary multilevel lumbar decompression surgery. The use of opioid medications after surgery can lead to incomplete analgesia and may cause ...
Osgood D Wayne - - 2013
We test the hypothesis that an evidence-based preventive intervention will change adolescent friendship networks to reduce the potential for peer influence toward antisocial behavior. Altering adolescents' friendship networks in this way is a promising avenue for achieving setting-level prevention benefits such as expanding the reach and durability of program effects. ...
Abi-Jaoudeh Nadine N Radiology and Imaging Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2013
As personalized medicine becomes more applicable to oncologic practice, image-guided biopsies will be integral for enabling predictive and pharmacodynamic molecular pathology. Interventional radiology has a key role in defining patient-specific management. Advances in diagnostic techniques, genomics, and proteomics enable a window into subcellular mechanisms driving hyperproliferation, metastatic capabilities, and tumor ...
Paltansing Sunita - - 2013
A prospective cohort study was performed among travelers from the Netherlands to investigate the acquisition of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CP-E) and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) and associated risk factors. Questionnaires were administered and rectal swab samples were collected and tested before and after traveler return. Of 370 travelers, 32 (8.6%) were ...
McArthur Tatum A - - 2013
Objectives- To evaluate changes in the common duct diameter on sonography over time in patients with and without cholecystectomy. Methods- We retrospectively evaluated the common duct diameter, central biliary dilatation, and interval change in 1079 patients who underwent sonography at least 2 years apart over a 6-year period. A board-certified ...
Sze Daniel Y - - 2013
Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging technology that uses engineered viruses to treat malignancies. Viruses can be designed with biological specificity to infect cancerous cells preferentially, and to replicate in these cells exclusively. Malignant cells may be killed directly by overwhelming viral infection and lysis, which releases additional viral particles to ...
Patel Premal A PA Radiology Department, University Hospital Southampton National Health Service Foundation Trust, Southampton General Hospital, Mailpoint 53, C-Level, Centre Block, Southampton SO16 6YD, United - - 2013
Ablation of exophytic and border-deforming liver tumors may increase risks of tumor seeding or hemorrhage. The present report describes a no-touch wedge ablation technique intended to potentially reduce tumor disruption while achieving technically adequate ablation. The technique involves the use of multiple probe positions tangential to the tumor, and was ...
Winfield Clara - - 2013
The placement of an intravenous (IV) catheter for the administration of fluids, blood products, and medications is a common intervention for surgical procedures and perianesthesia patients. Although the placement of a peripheral IV may be routine for perianesthesia nurses, it is important to address the patient's level of pain related to ...
Guyomard Aurélie - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility, reproducibility, and distribution of placental volume measurements according to the crown-rump length between 11 weeks and 13 weeks 6 days. Methods- Images were acquired in 128 pregnancies followed in Burgundy during first-trimester screening sonography using an abdominal 3-dimensional transducer. ...
Shi Guo H - - 2013
To evaluate the best individualized renal biopsy strategies for Chinese patients with suspected kidney cancer. From June 2009 to Oct 2010, 100 core biopsy and fine needle aspirations(FNA) have been performed to patients (average age: 62.0 ± 14.2 years) with an indeterminate solid renal mass by computed tomography (CT) scan ...
Kang Kyung Shin - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that the effects of continuous ultrasound on the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) are dependent on the frequency in vitro. Methods- Before stimulation, we characterized the hASCs using cluster of differentiation marker profiles and tridifferentiation. Then we selected ...
Li Ping - - 2013
We assessed 5 patients with histologically/clinically confirmed placenta accreta after first-trimester abortion. In 4 patients, sonography showed an unclear endometrium, absence of an endometrium-myometrium interface, a well-vascularized hyperechoic lesion in the uterine body with a low resistive index, and myometrial thinning near the lesion. In 2 patients, contrast-enhanced sonography showed ...
Crisp Howard C - - 2013
The Rotorod sampler and Burkard spore trap are 2 devices commonly used to quantify airborne particles. To evaluate the differences in collections between the 2 devices for a wide range of plant pollens and fungal spores. Pollens and spores were collected simultaneously with each device on 167 days during a ...
Boncy Jacques - - 2013
The present study details work done at the National Public Health Laboratory in Haiti (LNSP), comparing the results of a cholera rapid diagnostic test (RDT) with culture-based methods. As of October 21, 2011, 644 specimens were tested by both RDT and culture-based method at the LNSP. The sensitivity and specificity ...
Maida Eugene - - 2013
Objectives- To determine the distribution of sonographically guided deep plantar fascia injections in an unembalmed cadaveric model. Methods- A single experienced operator completed 10 sonographically guided deep plantar fascia injections in 10 unembalmed cadaveric specimens (5 right and 5 left) obtained from 6 donors (2 male and 4 female) aged ...
Baker Joan P - - 2013
Musculoskeletal disorders have been described in a number of professions over the years. They are defined as injuries that are caused by or aggravated by workplace activities, and they account for up to 60% of all workplace illnesses. They are known by different names, such as musculoskeletal disorder, repetitive strain ...
Lemke Shawna L - - 2013
Consumption of soybean oil enriched with stearidonic acid was previously shown to increase eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in red blood cells (RBC). This study was designed to evaluate the effect of stearidonic acid oil used as a food ingredient in baked products and beverages on the RBC fatty acid profile. This ...
Hazzard Beatrice - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to describe postanesthesia care unit (PACU) nurses' fatigue and link fatigue levels to work- and nonwork-related factors. The study design is a pilot study using a descriptive correlation design. Participants used a 4-week daily diary to record hours worked, breaks taken, and sleep patterns ...
Iruretagoyena J Igor - - 2013
We sought to create a transcervical chorionic villus sampling model for teaching that would mimic a lifelike model. A model was created using silicone resembling the maternal interface. A cervix with an endocervical canal able to accommodate a catheter and a vagina was also created. Tap water was used as ...
Clark Robert R Department of Pathology-Molecular Pathogenesis and Molecular Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, - - 2013
The goal of controlling ovarian cancer metastasis formation has elicited considerable interest in identifying the tissue microenvironments involved in cancer cell colonization of the omentum. Omental adipose is a site of prodigious metastasis in both ovarian cancer models and clinical disease. This tissue is unusual for its milky spots, comprised ...
Sey Michael Sai Lai - - 2013
Objectives- Transcutaneous bowel sonography is a nonionizing imaging modality used in inflammatory bowel disease. Although available in Europe, its uptake in North America has been limited. Since the accuracy of bowel sonography is highly operator dependent, low-volume centers in North America may not achieve the same diagnostic accuracy reported in ...
Uema Noriyuki - - 2013
Nucleostemin (NS) is a nucleolar GTP-binding protein that is involved in ribosomal biogenesis and protection of telomeres. We investigated the expression of NS in human germ cell tumors and its function in a mouse germ cell tumor model. NS was abundantly expressed in undifferentiated, but not differentiated, types of human ...
Moore S Jason - - 2013
Current research examining the impact of mechanism of injury and daily snowfall amounts on injury severity among skiers and snowboarders is limited. The purpose of this study was to define correlations between injury mechanism and daily snowfall on injury patterns and severity among skiers and snowboarders. This observational study analyzed ...
Yoo Dong Hyun - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to report our initial experience with transabdominal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy of the canine prostate and to determine the protective effect of rectal cooling during HIFU therapy. Methods- Fifteen male dogs underwent transabdominal HIFU therapy of the prostate. Transabdominal HIFU was performed ...
Durey Kathryn - - 2013
Objectives This literature review was designed to assess and compare the success rates and modes of failure of metal-framed, fibre-reinforced composite and all-ceramic, resin-bonded bridges.Materials and method A Medline search (Ovid), supplemented by hand searching, was conducted to identify prospective and retrospective cohort studies on different resin-bonded bridges within the ...
Jiang Shan - - 2013
Real-time monitoring of nitric oxide concentrations is of central importance for probing the diverse roles of nitric oxide in neurotransmission, cardiovascular systems and immune responses. Here we report a new design of nitric oxide sensors based on hemin-functionalized graphene field-effect transistors. With its single atom thickness and the highest carrier ...
Voskoboynik Ayelet A Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2013
Histocompatibility is the basis by which multicellular organisms of the same species distinguish self from nonself. Relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying histocompatibility reactions in lower organisms. Botryllus schlosseri is a colonial urochordate, a sister group of vertebrates, that exhibits a genetically determined natural transplantation reaction, whereby self-recognition ...
Sanchez-Jimenez Erick Francisco - - 2013
To review the initial presentation and demonstrate the importance of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. A PubMed search using the terms "Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC)" and "apical ballooning syndrome" yielded 211 publications. Only those that were relevant were fully reviewed. The gender, age, precipitating stressor, main complaint at presentation, electrocardiogram (ECG) at admission and ...
Smith A J - - 2013
The driver to improve surgical instrument decontamination has been the introduction of vCJD into the UK population over the last two decades, although concerns over transmission of other infectious agents remain valid. Though significant improvements have been made in primary care, this is usually in spite of limited access to ...
Lönnstedt Oona M - - 2013
The animal world is full of brilliant colours and striking patterns that serve to hide individuals or attract the attention of others. False eyespots are pervasive across a variety of animal taxa and are among nature's most conspicuous markings. Understanding the adaptive significance of eyespots has long fascinated evolutionary ecologists. ...
Bassi C - - 2013
Loss of function of the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) tumor suppressor gene is associated with many human cancers. In the cytoplasm, PTEN antagonizes the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway. PTEN also accumulates in the nucleus, where its function remains poorly understood. We demonstrate that SUMOylation ...
Prajapati Jayesh S - - 2013
To evaluate the short and intermediate term outcome of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty (PTRA) and stenting particularly on blood pressure (BP) control and renal function and to evaluate predictors of poor BP response after successful PTRA and stenting. We conducted a prospective analysis of all patients who underwent PTRA ...
Renaut C - - 2013
Particles manipulation with optical forces is known as optical tweezing. While tweezing in free space with laser beams was established in the 1980s, integrating the optical tweezers on a chip is a challenging task. Recent experiments with plasmonic nanoantennas, microring resonators, and photonic crystal nanocavities have demonstrated optical trapping. However, ...
- - 2013
Sleep bruxism would appear to be more prevalent in the young in contrast to snoring and other sleep disorders that affect the elderly.
Holt Ben G - - 2013
Kreft and Jetz's critique of our recent update of Wallace's zoogeographical regions disregards the extensive sensitivity analyses we undertook, which demonstrate the robustness of our results to the choice of phylogenetic data and clustering algorithm. Their suggested distinction between "transition zones" and biogeographic regions is worthy of further investigation but ...
Agrawal Neema - - 2013
Expression of chitinase is developmentally regulated in insects in consonance with their molting process. During the larval-larval metamorphosis in Helicoverpa armigera, chitinase gene expression varies from high to negligible. In the five-day metamorphic course of fifth-instar larvae, chitinase transcript is least abundant on third day and maximal on fifth day. ...
Jones Michael W M - - 2013
X-ray tomography can provide structural information of whole cells in close to their native state. Radiation-induced damage, however, imposes a practical limit to image resolution, and as such, a choice between damage, image contrast, and image resolution must be made. New coherent diffractive imaging techniques, such Fresnel Coherent Diffractive Imaging ...
Yagi Kent K Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA. - - 2013
Neutron stars and quark stars are not only characterized by their mass and radius but also by how fast they spin, through their moment of inertia, and how much they can be deformed, through their Love number and quadrupole moment. These depend sensitively on the star's internal structure and thus ...
Vinagre João - - 2013
Reactivation of telomerase has been implicated in human tumorigenesis, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we report the presence of recurrent somatic mutations in the TERT promoter in cancers of the central nervous system (43%), bladder (59%), thyroid (follicular cell-derived, 10%) and skin (melanoma, 29%). In thyroid cancers, ...
Hosoda Masahiro - - 2013
Radionuclide concentrations in environmental samples such as surface soils, plants and water were evaluated by high purity germanium detector measurements. The contribution rate of short half-life radionuclides such as (132)I to the exposure dose to residents was discussed from the measured values. The highest values of the (131)I/(137)Cs activity ratio ...
Zis Panagiotis - - 2013
Cardiovascular adverse events in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) are rare, but the early recognition of such events is crucial. We describe a case of a non-coronary myocardial infarction (MI) during the initial treatment period with pyridostigmine bromide in a female patient with MG. Clinicians should be cautious about the ...
Johnston S - - 2013
Minocycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic belonging to the tetracycline family, often prescribed in infective skin conditions such as acne and rosacea. Minocycline-induced staining of the sclerae, ears, oral mucosa and teeth are rare but troublesome conditions. If patients already have concerns about their appearance due to an unsightly skin condition, ...
Richards W - - 2013
The prevention of the common dental diseases is fundamental to modern day general dental practice. Oral health promotion (OHP) is therefore key to facilitating health outcomes within organisations. The literature surrounding OHP stresses the importance of evaluation in order to assess the effectiveness of OHP activities. This paper describes the ...
Miettinen M - - 2013
Objectives This literature review was designed to assess and compare the success rates and modes of failure of metal-framed, fibre-reinforced composite and all-ceramic resin-bonded bridges.Materials and method A Medline search (Ovid), supplemented by hand searching, was conducted to identify prospective and retrospective cohort studies on different resin-bonded bridges within the ...
Wang Zhen Z Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, - - 2013
A systematic, efficient means of producing diverse libraries of asymmetrically branched N-glycans is needed to investigate the specificities and biology of glycan-binding proteins. To that end, we describe a core pentasaccharide that at potential branching positions is modified by orthogonal protecting groups to allow selective attachment of specific saccharide moieties ...
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