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Ughi Giovanni J GJ University Hospitals Leuven, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, and KU Leuven, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Herestraat 49, B3000 Leuven, Belgium. - - 2014
Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) is rapidly becoming the method of choice for assessing vessel healing after stent implantation due to its unique axial resolution <20  μm. The amount of neointimal coverage is an important parameter. In addition, the characterization of neointimal tissue maturity is also of importance for an accurate ...
Wang Yu Y Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Optical Imaging Laboratory, 1 Brookings Dr., St. Louis, Missouri 63130, - - 2013
Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a distance-dependent process that transfers excited state energy from a donor molecule to an acceptor molecule without the emission of a photon. The FRET rate is determined by the proximity between the donor and the acceptor molecules; it becomes significant only when the proximity ...
Sha Qiong - - 2013
Abstract The potential of fish to transfer salmonellae from heterogeneous aquatic biofilms into feces was assessed in controlled aquarium studies with Suckermouth Catfish Hypostomus plecostomus and with biofilms inoculated with salmonellae. Neither the presence of catfish nor inoculation with salmonellae had detectable effects on the abundance of the microbial community. ...
Gilden Don D Department of Neurology and Microbiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12700 E. 19th Avenue, Box B182, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2013
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is an exclusively human neurotropic alphaherpesvirus. Primary infection causes varicella (chickenpox), after which the virus becomes latent in ganglionic neurons along the entire neuraxis. With advancing age or immunosuppression, cell-mediated immunity to VZV declines, and the virus reactivates to cause zoster (shingles), dermatomal distribution, pain, and ...
Huertas-Hoyas E - - 2013
INTRODUCTION. Hemispheric specialization is a topic of interest that has motivated an enormous amount of research in recent decades. After a unilateral brain injury, the consequences can affect various areas of specialization, leading, depending on the location of the injury, impairment in quality of life and community integration. PATIENTS AND ...
Larrosa-Campo D - - 2013
INTRODUCTION. Cocaine is an independent cerebrovascular risk factor both for ischaemic and haemorrhagic events, above all among persons under 55 years of age. CASE REPORT. A case report of stroke due to the consumption of cocaine is used to review its pathophysiology and the complexity involved in the management and ...
Velasco-Ramirez S F - - 2013
INTRODUCTION. The immune system and the peripheral and central nervous system are in constant communication by means of messengers and signalling molecules released, such as cytokines, neuropeptides, neurohormones and neurotransmitters, among others. Seizures are defined as the transitory appearance of signs and symptoms that trigger an abnormally excessive neuronal activity ...
Santos-Lasaosa S - - 2013
INTRODUCTION. Patients with chronic migraine often report lower cognitive performance, which affects their quality of life. AIMS. To analyse whether the mnemonic capacity of patients with chronic migraine is altered or not. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with chronic migraine evaluated consecutively in our unit, ...
Aleixandre-Benavent R R Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas. Instituto de Historia de la Ciencia, Valencia, Espana. - - 2013
INTRODUCTION. Scientific collaboration is vital for to the advance of knowledge and is especially important in health sciences. The aim of this study is to identify scientific collaboration indicators and co-authorship networks of researchers and Spanish institutions that publish on multiple sclerosis (MS) during the period 1996-2010. MATERIALS AND METHODS. ...
Wood Chris M - - 2013
The small cichlid fish Alcolapia grahami lives in Lake Magadi, Kenya, one of the most extreme aquatic environments on Earth (pH ~10, carbonate alkalinity ~300 mequiv l(-1)). The Magadi tilapia is the only 100% ureotelic teleost; it normally excretes no ammonia. This is interpreted as an evolutionary adaptation to overcome ...
Flammang Brooke E - - 2013
Complex structured environments offer fish advantages as places of refuge and areas of greater potential prey densities, but maneuvering through these environments is a navigational challenge. To successfully navigate complex habitats, fish must have sensory input relaying information about the proximity and size of obstacles. We investigated the role of ...
Tedjakumala Stevanus Rio - - 2013
Honeybees constitute established model organisms for the study of appetitive learning and memory. In recent years, the establishment of the technique of olfactory conditioning of the sting extension response (SER) has yielded new insights into the rules and mechanisms of aversive learning in insects. In olfactory SER conditioning, a harnessed ...
Blaser N - - 2013
Homing pigeons (Columba livia) are believed to adopt a map-and-compass strategy to find their way home. Surprisingly, to date a clear demonstration of the use of a cognitive map in free-flight experiments is missing. In this study, we investigated whether homing pigeons use a mental map in which - at ...
Yorzinski Jessica L JL Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2013
Conspicuous, multicomponent ornamentation in male animals can be favored by female mate choice but we know little about the cognitive processes females use to evaluate these traits. Sexual selection may favor attention mechanisms allowing the choosing females to selectively and efficiently acquire relevant information from complex male display traits and, ...
Rezai Pedram - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to describe the imaging biomarkers of treatment response and provide an overview of anatomic imaging biomarkers. CONCLUSION. Imaging biomarkers of treatment response have evolved into the primary endpoint of response in most phase 2 studies. Anatomic imaging biomarkers are applied to depict change ...
Rezai Pedram - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. This article reviews the functional, molecular, and disease-specific imaging biomarkers of treatment response. CONCLUSION. Substantial progress has been made in the evolution of drugs directed at specific targets of the tumor lifecycle. These novel agents are predominantly cytostatic, and their efficacy may be optimally evaluated by functional, molecular, and ...
Scholten Ernst Th - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to investigate a new software program for semiautomatic measurement of the volume and mass of ground-glass nodules (GGNs) in a chest phantom and to investigate the influence of CT scanner, reconstruction filter, tube voltage, and tube current. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We used an ...
Kim Ji Yeon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors influencing hepatic enhancement and the conspicuity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on gadobenate dimeglu-mine- and gadoxetate disodium-enhanced hepatobiliary phase MR images. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Patients with chronic liver disease who underwent liver MRI with gadobenate dimeglumine (n = 93) or gadoxetate ...
Hakky Michael - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. This article outlines artifactual findings commonly encountered in neuroradiologic MRI studies and offers clues to differentiate them from true pathology on the basis of their physical properties. Basic MR physics concepts are used to shed light on the causes of these artifacts. CONCLUSION. MRI is one of the most ...
Sheehan Scott E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Acute traumatic glenohumeral dislocation is one of the most commonly encountered shoulder injuries and can produce a complex combination of associated bony and soft-tissue injuries, the full extent of which is often initially underappreciated. The objectives of this article are to illustrate the relevant anatomy of the shoulder and ...
McMonagle J Scott - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of our study was to describe the MRI findings in the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) analogous to mucoid degeneration in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL); to correlate MRI findings in the PCL with ligamentous stability; to differentiate the PCL tram-track appearance from the appearance of PCL tears; ...
Shah Lubdha M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. In the setting of posterior fossa dural venous sinus thrombosis, mastoid findings can potentially be mistaken as the cause rather than a secondary effect. Obstruction of the mastoid venous drainage can lead to transudation of fluid into the mastoid air cells. We hypothesize that a continuum of the mastoid ...
Walleyo Anna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of the study was to investigate the ability to predict survival, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and incidence of chronic lung disease in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia in the context of a classification into three different times of gestation (< 28, 28-32, and > 32 ...
Metwalli Zeyad A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of bilateral abnormalities in children with suspected lower extremity musculoskeletal infection and the impact of detection of contralateral abnormalities by MRI on patient management. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A retrospective review of 165 consecutive bilateral lower extremity MRI examinations performed ...
Majewski Sara A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of carcinoma identified with secondary presurgical imaging-guided percutaneous biopsy for patients with high-risk pathologic findings at primary percutaneous biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A retrospective computerized search of our breast imaging database from January 1, 2005, to October 1, 2010, ...
Moon Ji Yoon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study is to assess the usefulness of breast MRI for the evaluation of malignant invasion of the nipple-areolar complex. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Breast MRI findings of 51 pathologically proven breast cancer lesions, which were within 2 cm distance from the nipple-areolar complex on sonography, were ...
Youn Hyewon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purposes of this article are to summarize the basic concept and the strategies of reporter imaging; introduce reporter genes frequently used in optical imaging, nuclear medicine, and MRI for in vivo application; and show typical examples of reporter gene imaging. CONCLUSION. In molecular biology, many reporter genes have ...
Toepker Michael - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to use second-generation dual-source CT to assess the influence of size, degree of stenosis, luminal contrast attenuation, and plaque geometry on stenosis quantification in a coronary artery phantom. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Six vessel phantoms with three outer diameters (2, 3, and 4 mm), ...
Kalra Mannudeep K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to compare sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) and filtered back projection (FBP) reconstruction of chest CT acquired with 65% radiation dose reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS. In this prospective study involving 24 patients (11 women and 13 men; mean [± SD] age, 66 ± 10 ...
Komori Masahiro - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between pathologic findings and arterial tumor enhancement at MDCT gastrography of patients with a prognosis of advanced gastric cancer after curative resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The cases of 41 patients with advanced gastric cancer (23 men, 18 women; age ...
Roesel Daniel M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to assess normal imaging findings and complications after laparoscopic greater curvature plication on luminal upper gastrointestinal studies and CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This was a retrospective chart review of 24 adults who underwent laparoscopic greater curvature plication between 2008 and 2011. Seventeen patients ...
Kuzmich Siarhei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. This article aims to illustrate the spectrum of sonographic findings in perforation of the small bowel due to a variety of causes and discusses the potential role of sonography in the diagnosis. CONCLUSION. Although sonography is not the first-line investigation of choice in suspected small intestinal perforation, an understanding ...
Jhaveri Kartik - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the interval growth, tumor recurrence, and metastatic disease occurrence of cystic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS. Pre-and posttreatment imaging of 47 histologically proven cystic RCCs, with at least 6 months of pretreatment imaging monitoring or at least 2 years ...
Yu Lifeng - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to assess the ability of a novel automatic tube potential selection tool to reduce radiation dose while maintaining diagnostic quality in CT angiography (CTA) and contrast-enhanced abdominopelvic CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS. One hundred one CTA examinations and 90 contrastenhanced abdominopelvic examinations were performed ...
Cauley Keith A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review recent advances in diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography of the cranial and peripheral nerves. CONCLUSION. Advances in MR data acquisition and postprocessing methods are permitting high-resolution DTI of the cranial and peripheral nerves in the clinical setting. DTI offers information beyond ...
Supakul Nucharin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to summarize our experience with the use of ultrasound for evaluation of costochondral cartilage deformity in patients presenting with an anterior chest wall mass. MATERIALS AND METHODS. From 2007 to 2012, we identified all patients at our tertiary care children's hospital younger than ...
Hutchinson Barry D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Percutaneous transluminal renal sympathetic denervation is a new treatment of refractory systemic hypertension. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical utility of MDCT to evaluate the anatomic configuration of the renal arteries in the context of renal sympathetic denervation. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Two readers retrospectively evaluated ...
Chang Jung Min - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to compare the diagnostic performances of shearwave and strain elastography for the differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS. B-mode ultrasound and shear-wave and strain elastography were performed in 150 breast lesions; 71 were malignant. BI-RADS final assessment, elasticity values ...
Kennedy Maureen Shawn - - 2013
To serve the greater good, accurate documentation is essential.
Pfeifer Gail - - 2013
Technology improves care access in an underserved community in Rio.
Rosenberg Karen - - 2013
Improvements are best achieved in hospitals with low nurse turnover.
Potera Carol - - 2013
Certified nurse midwives schedule fewer cesareans and inductions.
Rosenberg Karen - - 2013
Four patients or fewer per RN reduces the likelihood of readmission.
Pozzar Rachel - - 2013
A powerful tool for gathering qualitative data can advance patient advocacy in a changing health care climate.
Brick Nerys - - 2013
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library.
Monsen Karen - - 2013
A nurse-led model of care has revolutionized home care in the Netherlands.
Rijswijk Lia van - - 2013
Wound measurement is the only evidence-based predictor of healing.
Cha Min Seok - - 2013
A nanowell array electrode-based electrochemical quantitative system without amplification was developed and applied for the detection of H5N1 target DNA. An 18-mer probe was immobilized on a nanowell array electrode with a diameter of 500 nm, which was coated with streptavidin and a self-assembly monolayer (SAM). The surface properties of ...
Yoo Jeong Ha - - 2013
In the clinic, it is important to prepare for single stranded DNA from genomic DNA to detect the target gene. In this study, we have investigated the detection of single stranded DNA (ssDNA) obtained by ultrasonication of human genomic DNA via fluorescence quenching on microfluidic chip with pillars at the ...
Li Xinrong - - 2013
Emerging evidence suggests the involvement of altered microRNA (miRNA) regulation in heart failure pathogenesis. We established a rat volume-overload heart failure model, and examined miRNA expression in normal rats and in the heart failure model, both with and without treatment with bisoprolol. Using miRNA microarrays, we identified 46 differentially expressed ...
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