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Tailor Jignesh J Wellcome Trust-Medical Research Council Stem Cell Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB21QR, United - - 2013
Stem cell lines that faithfully maintain the regional identity and developmental potency of progenitors in the human brain would create new opportunities in developmental neurobiology and provide a resource for generating specialized human neurons. However, to date, neural progenitor cultures derived from the human brain have either been short-lived or ...
Navarro-Cebrian Ana A Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, and Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, Emeryville, California 94608, USA. - - 2013
Whether humans adjust their behavior in response to unaware errors remains a controversial issue relevant to insight in neuropsychiatric conditions. Initial error awareness studies found that the error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential (ERP) originating in the medial prefrontal cortex after errors, activated equally for aware and unaware errors, suggesting ...
Gordon Patrick J PJ Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, - - 2013
The LIM-Homeodomain transcription factor Lhx2 is an essential organizer of early eye development and is subsequently expressed in retinal progenitor cells (RPCs). To determine its requirement in RPCs, we performed a temporal series of conditional inactivations in mice with the early RPC driver Pax6 α-Cre and the tamoxifen-inducible Hes1(CreERT2) driver. ...
Islam Rafique R Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and Department of Biology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, - - 2013
While sialylation plays important functions in the nervous system, the complexity of glycosylation pathways and limitations of genetic approaches preclude the efficient analysis of these functions in mammalian organisms. Drosophila has recently emerged as a promising model for studying neural sialylation. Drosophila sialyltransferase, DSiaT, was shown to be involved in ...
Ehlert N N Klinik für Hämatologie, Onkologie, Immunologie, Palliativmedizin, Infektiologie und Tropenmedizin, Universität München. - - 2013
A 50-year-old man with HIV infection (first diagnosed > 20 years ago) presented at our hospital with fulminant oral mucositis. Antiretroviral therapy (tenofovir, emtricitabine, raltegravir) had been started 2 months ago. Previously he had no opportunistic infections and no other pre-existing illnesses. He had not travelled outside Europe but stayed ...
Deshmukh Umesh S US Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Arthritis and Clinical Immunology Program, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA. - - 2013
Interplay between a natural killer (NK)-cell receptor, NKp30, and other cells in the salivary glands profoundly affects pathogenesis of the autoimmune disease Sjögren's syndrome (Rusakiewicz et al., this issue).
Mitterboeck T Fatima TF Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1. - - 2013
The loss of flight ability has occurred thousands of times independently during insect evolution. Flight loss may be linked to higher molecular evolutionary rates because of reductions in effective population sizes (Ne) and relaxed selective constraints. Reduced dispersal ability increases population subdivision, may decrease geographical range size and increases (sub)population ...
Burness Gary G Department of Biology, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada K9J 7B8. - - 2013
Across taxa, the early rearing environment contributes to adult morphological and physiological variation. For example, in birds, environmental temperature plays a key role in shaping bill size and clinal trends across latitudinal/thermal gradients. Such patterns support the role of the bill as a thermal window and in thermal balance. It ...
Jones James Holland JH Woods Institute for Environment, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-2034, USA. - - 2013
In this paper, we attempt to understand hunter-gatherer foraging decisions about prey that vary in both the mean and variance of energy return using an expected utility framework. We show that for skewed distributions of energetic returns, the standard linear variance discounting (LVD) model for risk-sensitive foraging can produce quite ...
Rusakiewicz Sylvie S INSERM U1015, Institut Gustave Roussy (IGR), 94805 Villejuif, - - 2013
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by a lymphocytic exocrinopathy. However, patients often have evidence of systemic autoimmunity, and they are at markedly increased risk for the development of non- Hodgkin's lymphoma. Similar to other autoimmune disorders, a strong interferon (IFN) signature is present among subsets ...
Sonego Martina M Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, King's College London, Guy's Campus, London SE1 1UL, United - - 2013
After birth, stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) generate neuroblasts that migrate along the rostral migratory stream (RMS) to become interneurons in the olfactory bulb (OB). This migration is a fundamental event controlling the proper integration of new neurons in a pre-existing synaptic network. Many regulators of neuroblast migration ...
Lenaghan Scott C SC Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, - - 2013
Bio-inspiration for novel adhesive development has drawn increasing interest in recent years with the discovery of the nanoscale morphology of the gecko footpad and mussel adhesive proteins. Similar to these animal systems, it was discovered that English ivy (Hedera helix L.) secretes a high strength adhesive containing uniform nanoparticles. Recent ...
Girard Michaël J A MJ Department of Bioengineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore. - - 2013
Measurement of optic nerve head (ONH) deformations could be useful in the clinical management of glaucoma. Here, we propose a novel three-dimensional tissue-tracking algorithm designed to be used in vivo. We carry out preliminary verification of the algorithm by testing its accuracy and its robustness. An algorithm based on digital ...
Lan Ganhui G Department of Physics, George Washington University, 725 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20052, - - 2013
The incoherent type-1 feed-forward loop (I1-FFL) is ubiquitous in biological regulatory circuits. Although much is known about the functions of the I1-FFL motif, the energy cost incurred in the network and how it affects the performance of the network have not been investigated. Here, we study a generic I1-FFL enzymatic ...
Ahn Kang-Hun KH Department of Physics, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea. - - 2013
In the ear, hair cells transform mechanical stimuli into neuronal signals with great sensitivity, relying on certain active processes. Individual hair cell bundles of non-mammals such as frogs and turtles are known to show spontaneous oscillation. However, hair bundles in vivo must be quiet in the absence of stimuli, otherwise ...
Bruot Nicolas N Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE, - - 2013
As a model of ciliary beat, we use two-state oscillators that have a defined direction of oscillation and have strong synchronization properties. By allowing the direction of oscillation to vary according to the interaction with the fluid, with a timescale longer than the timescale of synchronization, we show in simulations ...
Feliu Elisenda E Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, 2100 Copenhagen, - - 2013
Mathematical models are increasingly being used to understand complex biochemical systems, to analyse experimental data and make predictions about unobserved quantities. However, we rarely know how robust our conclusions are with respect to the choice and uncertainties of the model. Using algebraic techniques, we study systematically the effects of intermediate, ...
- - 2013
HHS is issuing this final rule to clarify how section 340B(e) of the Public Health Service Act (PHSA) will be implemented. The final rule applies section 340B(e) of the PHSA only to drugs transferred, prescribed, sold, or otherwise used for the rare condition or disease for which the orphan drug ...
Sergi Alessandro - - 2013
A formalism for studying the dynamics of quantum systems embedded in classical spin baths is introduced. The theory is based on generalized antisymmetric brackets and predicts the presence of open-path off-diagonal geometric phases in the evolution of the density matrix. The weak coupling limit of the equation can be integrated ...
Aragones J L - - 2013
In this work, we describe a procedure to evaluate the free energy of molecular solids with the GROMACS molecular dynamics package. The free energy is calculated using the Einstein molecule method that can be regarded as a small modification of the Einstein crystal method. Here, the position and orientation of ...
Hoy Erik P - - 2013
Low-rank spectral expansion and tensor hypercontraction are two promising techniques for reducing the size of the two-electron excitation tensor by factorizing it into products of smaller tensors. Both methods can potentially realize an O(r(4)) quantum chemistry method where r is the number of one-electron orbitals. We compare the two factorizations ...
Walther Christian F J - - 2013
Quantized Liquid Density-Functional Theory (QLDFT) [S. Patchkovskii and T. Heine, Phys. Rev. E 80, 031603 (2009)], a method developed to assess the adsorption of gas molecules in porous nanomaterials, is reformulated within the grand canonical ensemble. With the grand potential it is possible to compare directly external and internal thermodynamic ...
Hermes Matthew R - - 2013
Second-order many-body perturbation theories for anharmonic vibrational frequencies and zero-point energies of molecules are formulated, implemented, and tested. They solve the vibrational Dyson equation self-consistently by taking into account the frequency dependence of the Dyson self-energy in the diagonal approximation, which is expanded in a diagrammatic perturbation series up to ...
Xiao Yunlong - - 2013
The relativistic molecular Hamiltonian written in the body-fixed frame of reference is the basis for high-precision calculations of spectroscopic parameters involving nuclear vibrations and/or rotations. Such a Hamiltonian that describes electrons fully relativistically and nuclei quasi-relativistically is just developed for semi-rigid nonlinear molecules [Y. Xiao and W. Liu, J. Chem. ...
Golschleger I U - - 2013
We present the moving picture of a molecular bond, in phase-space, in real-time, at resolution limited by quantum uncertainty. The images are tomographically reconstructed Wigner distribution functions (WDF) obtained from four-wave mixing measurements on Br2-doped ice. The WDF completely characterizes the dissipative quantum evolution of the system, which despite coupling ...
Tecmer Paweł - - 2013
We present an EOMCCSD (equation of motion coupled cluster with singles and doubles) study of excited states of the small [UO2](2+) and [UO2](+) model systems as well as the larger U(VI)O2(saldien) complex. In addition, the triples contribution within the EOMCCSDT and CR-EOMCCSD(T) (completely renormalized EOMCCSD with non-iterative triples) approaches for ...
Wang Lecheng - - 2013
A six-dimensional ab initio potential energy surface (PES) for H2-N2O which explicitly includes the symmetric and asymmetric vibrational coordinates Q1 and Q3 of N2O is calculated at the coupled-cluster singles and doubles with noniterative inclusion of connected triple level using an augmented correlation-consistent polarized-valence quadruple-zeta basis set together with midpoint ...
Han Jiao - - 2013
Delocalized excitons in elementary linear J aggregates of two-level molecules absorb a photon into the low-energy edge of an exciton band. Absorption of a second photon is blue-shifted as the lowest energy state is occupied. This setup of states leads to a double-peak feature in a set of two dimensional ...
Yuan H K - - 2013
Complementary to the recent experimental finding that the orbital magnetic moment is strongly quenched in small Fe clusters [M. Niemeyer, K. Hirsch, V. Zamudio-Bayer, A. Langenberg, M. Vogel, M. Kossick, C. Ebrecht, K. Egashira, A. Terasaki, T. Möller, B. v. Issendorff, and J. T. Lau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 057201 ...
Thompson James O F - - 2013
Time-resolved photoelectron imaging was used to investigate the relaxation dynamics of electronically excited aniline in the gas-phase following ultraviolet irradiation in the 273-266 nm region. We find that at all wavelengths studied, excitation is predominantly to the long-lived (>1 ns) S1(ππ(∗)) state, which exhibits ultrafast intramolecular vibrational redistribution on a ...
Ibraguimova L B - - 2013
The oxygen absorbance was studied at wavelengths 200-270 nm in Schumann-Runge system behind the front of a strong shock wave. Using these data, the vibrational temperature Tv behind the front of shock waves was measured at temperatures 4000-10 800 K in undiluted oxygen. Determination of Tv was based on the measurements ...
Accary J-B - - 2013
We investigate the effect of the isomerization rate f on the microscopic mechanisms at the origin of the massive mass transport found in glass-formers doped with isomerizing azobenzene molecules that result in surface relief gratings formation. To this end we simulate the isomerization of dispersed probe molecules embedded into a ...
Willey T M - - 2013
Phthalocyanines, a class of macrocyclic, square planar molecules, are extensively studied as semiconductor materials for chemical sensors, dye-sensitized solar cells, and other applications. In this study, we use angular dependent near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy as a quantitative probe of the orientation and electronic structure of H2-, Fe-, ...
Liu Chun-Sheng - - 2013
Unlike on hexagonal graphene where Li atoms tend to cluster, using density functional theory, we demonstrate that Li atoms remain isolated on tetrasymmetrical T graphene due to a nonuniform charge distribution in T graphene. Furthermore, we examine the adsorption of several common gas molecules and find that Li-decorated T graphene ...
D'Adamo Giuseppe - - 2013
We extend our previously developed coarse-graining strategy for linear polymers with a tunable number n of effective atoms (blobs) per chain [G. D'Adamo et al., J. Chem. Phys. 137, 024901 (2012)] to polymer systems in thermal crossover between the good-solvent and the θ regimes. We consider the thermal crossover in ...
Kampmann Tobias A - - 2013
We study the adsorption of semiflexible polymers such as polyelectrolytes or DNA on planar and curved substrates, e.g., spheres or washboard substrates via short-range potentials using extensive Monte Carlo simulations, scaling arguments, and analytical transfer matrix techniques. We show that the adsorption threshold of stiff or semiflexible polymers on a ...
Richardson Jeremy O - - 2013
A new method based on an extension of ring-polymer molecular dynamics is proposed for the calculation of thermal correlation functions in electronically nonadiabatic systems. The ring-polymer dynamics are performed using a continuous-variable representation of the electronic states within the mapping approach, such that the electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom ...
Sirjoosingh Andrew - - 2013
The nuclear-electronic orbital (NEO) method treats electrons and select nuclei quantum mechanically on the same level to extend beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. Electron-nucleus dynamical correlation has been found to be highly significant due to the attractive Coulomb interaction. The explicitly correlated Hartree-Fock (NEO-XCHF) approach includes explicit electron-nucleus correlation with Gaussian-type ...
Sirjoosingh Andrew - - 2013
In the application of the nuclear-electronic orbital (NEO) method to positronic systems, all electrons and the positron are treated quantum mechanically on the same level. Explicit electron-positron correlation can be included using Gaussian-type geminal functions within the variational self-consistent-field procedure. In this paper, we apply the recently developed reduced explicitly ...
Kawamoto Shuhei - - 2013
A new method is proposed to estimate the bending rigidity of lipid membranes from molecular dynamics simulations. An external cylindrical guiding potential is used to impose a sinusoidal deformation to a planar membrane. The bending rigidity is obtained from the mean force acting on the cylinder by calibrating against a ...
Seino Junji - - 2013
In order to perform practical electron correlation calculations, the local unitary transformation (LUT) scheme at the spin-free infinite-order Douglas-Kroll-Hess (IODKH) level [J. Seino and H. Nakai, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 244102 (2012); and ibid. 137, 144101 (2012)], which is based on the locality of relativistic effects, has been combined with ...
Ai Bao-Quan - - 2013
Transport of the finite size spherical Brownian particles is investigated in confined narrow channels with varying cross-section width. Applying the Fick-Jacobs approximation, we obtain the expressions of the particle current, the effective diffusion coefficient, and the coherence level of Brownian transport (the Péclet number). For the case of the biased ...
Gaur Abhijeet - - 2013
X-ray absorption fine structure spectra of five copper(I) thiourea complexes [Cu4(thu)6 (NO3)4 (H2O)4] (1), [Cu4(thu)9 (NO3)4 (H2O)4] (2), [Cu2(thu)6 (SO4) H2O] (3), [Cu2(thu)5 (SO4) (H2O)3] (4), and [Cu(thu)Cl 0.5H2O] (5) have been investigated. Complexes 1 and 3 are supposed to have one type of copper centers in trigonal planar and ...
Denis-Alpizar Otoniel - - 2013
A four-dimensional potential energy surface representing the interaction between He and hydrogen cyanide (HCN) subjected to bending vibrational motion is presented. Ab initio calculations were carried out at the coupled-cluster level with single and double excitations and a perturbative treatment of triple excitations, using a quadruple-zeta basis set and mid-bond ...
Ma Q - - 2013
Since it was developed in 1979, the Robert-Bonamy (RB) formalism has been widely used in calculating pressure broadened half-widths and induced shifts for many molecular systems. However, this formalism contains several approximations whose applicability has not been thoroughly justified. One of them is that lines of interest are well isolated. ...
Kosumi Daisuke - - 2013
Ultrafast excited-state dynamics of the photosynthetic pigment (Mg-)bacteriochlorophyll a and its Zn-substituted form were investigated by steady-state absorption∕fluorescence and femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopic measurements. The obtained steady-state absorption and fluorescence spectra of bacteriochlorophyll a in solution showed that the central metal compound significantly affects the energy of the Qx state, but ...
Qin Zhengbo - - 2013
Photoelectron velocity-map imaging spectroscopy has been used to study the reaction of the anionic gold atom with the HR (R = SCH3, OCH3, OH) molecules. The solvated [Au⋯HR](-) and inserted [HAuR](-) products have been experimentally observed for R = SCH3, whereas only solvated [Au⋯HR](-) products were found for R = ...
Mackenzie Rebecca B - - 2013
Microwave spectra are reported for the C3v symmetric complexes Kr-SO3 and Kr-SO3-CO. The S-C distance in the trimer, 2.871(9) Å, is the same as that previously determined for SO3-CO to within the estimated uncertainties. The Kr-S distances are 3.438(3) Å and 3.488(6) Å in Kr-SO3 and Kr-SO3-CO, respectively, indicating that ...
Zhao Shuangliang - - 2013
The direct correlation function (DCF) plays a pivotal role in addressing the thermodynamic properties with non-mean-field statistical theories of liquid state. This work provides an accurate yet efficient calculation procedure for evaluating the angular-dependent DCF of bulk SPC∕E water. The DCF here represented in a discrete angles basis is computed ...
Sarma Rahul - - 2013
The ability of the osmolyte, trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), to protect proteins from deleterious effect of urea, another commonly available osmolyte, is well-established. However, the molecular mechanism of this counteraction is not understood yet. To provide a molecular level understanding of how TMAO protects proteins in highly concentrated urea solution, we report ...
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