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Ji Pengfei - - 2013
Through a catalyst-free chemical vapor deposition method, highly oriented ZnO nanowires and microtubes were simultaneously grown on the side and the top surface of Si substrate respectively. The ZnO nanowires and microtubes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction. The growth ...
Ota Jyotiranjan - - 2013
A simultaneous functionalization and reduction route to prepare stable dispersion of reduced graphene oxide from graphene oxide has been described. Diethanol amine has been introduced for the first time as an environment friendly reducing agent in a simple reflux reaction. Diethanol amine acts as a reducing agent and helps to ...
Pradhan Roshan - - 2013
In the present study, we developed novel docetaxel (DTX)-loaded polylactic acid-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) using the combination of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and poloxamer 407, the anionic and non-ionic surfactants respectively for stabilization. The NPs were prepared by emulsification/solvent evaporation method. The combination of these surfactants at weight ratio ...
Moustafa Y M - - 2013
15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) is the enzyme responsible for prostaglandins (PGs) metabolism. PGs have an important role in the protection of stomach mucosa against destructive stimuli. The aim of the present study is to investigate the inhibitory effect of carbenoxolone, pioglitazone and verapamil on 15-PGDH enzyme. The experiments were carried out ...
Liang F - - 2013
Skin flap grafting (SFG) is a common surgical operation, and hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) is an important strategy for restoring the grafted skin flap. Thus, we employed a rat skin flap grafting model treated with HBO, and expression levels of high mobility group protein 1 (HMGB1) and NF-kappaB (nuclear factor-kappaB) ...
Saleem A M - - 2013
In our previous study, the aqueous extract of Channa striatus (family: Channidae) fillet (AECSF) showed an antidepressant-like effect in mice. However, the mechanism of the antidepressant-like effect is unknown. The objective of this study was to explore the involvement of monoamines in the antidepressant-like effect of AECSF in mice. AECSF ...
Chen E-Q - - 2013
In the past decade, the treatment of chronic Hepatitis B (CHB) has been revolutionized by the increased availability of effective antiviral agents. However, there is an alarming of the increasing rates of viral resistance and suboptimal response in CHB patients with single drug therapy. Recently, the strategy of combination therapy ...
Celesia B M - - 2013
Anxiety disorders are frequent in HIV-infected individuals, can pre-exist or occur during HIV infection. We evaluated with a self-reported questionnaire whether anxiety is related to HIV clinical status and therapeutic success in a cohort of HIV-positive subjects in Sicily. We enrolled 251 patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) for at ...
Rahimi-Esboei B - - 2013
Giardia (G.) lamblia is a parasite that causes giardiasis in humans and other mammals. The common treatment produces unpleasant side effects. The ethnopharmacology for management of parasitic infections accelerates and guides the search for new chemical objects. This study assessed the in vitro cytotoxicity of Sambucus (S.) ebulus fruit against ...
Karadeli H H - - 2013
Cortical dysplasia (CD) is associated with several behavioral disorders in both the pediatric and the adult population. The effect of melatonin on behavioral disorders in rats generated CD has not been investigated so far. To investigate the effects of melatonin administration on activity and anxietic behavior of neonatal rats in ...
Ianiro G - - 2013
While antioxidants and probiotics have been proposed for the treatment of functional dyspepsia, current data are still heterogeneous and studies are poorly designed. Extra-virgin olive oil, a common ingredient of Mediterranean diet, has shown antioxidant properties. To evaluate the effect of extra-virgin olive oil enriched with antioxidants or probiotics on ...
Zhang B - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common disease of joints in adults around the world. Current available drugs to treat osteoarthritis are predominantly directed towards the symptomatic relief of pain and inflammation but they do little to reduce joint destruction. Effective prevention of the structural damage must be a key objective ...
Liu C-C - - 2013
To assess the beneficial effect of carvedilol treatment on infarct myocardium and the relation to the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and β-arrestin 2. Rat myocardial infarction (MI) model was produced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. Forty-eight rats were randomized to the ...
Soydinc E - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the relationship between PCOS and epicardial fat thickness with transthoracic echocardiography. PCOS patients were divided into two groups according to the lean or obesity status: PCOS patients with lean 34 subjects (BMI: 23.3±2.8; mean age: 25.5±4), PCOS patients with obese16 subjects (BMI: 32.3±7.6; mean age: 27.2±3.7) ...
Xing H-J - - 2013
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common congenital anomaly in newborns and about 1.35 million infants are born with CHD each year worldwide. Recently a large category of copy number variants (CNVs), were established to be a major contributor of the pathophysiology of CHD. To date most studies focused ...
Jones Barbara G - - 2013
This article describes the implementation of a nurse-designed, automated system for enhancing patient monitoring on medical-surgical and step-down nursing units. The system, which is not derived from any of the early warning scoring systems described in nursing literature, was developed and put into place at a large tertiary hospital in ...
Tausche Anne-Kathrin - - 2013
Arthrocentesis is an essential emergency step in managing patients with acute arthritis. To identify a bacterial infection, Gram staining is performed promptly. However, crystal analysis may not be immediately performed in many facilities. Being considered not to be stable over time, synovial fluid (SF) is sometimes discarded instead of being ...
Giese Arnd - - 2013
The environment may affect the course of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). The objective of this study was to compare disease severity between adult FMF patients in Turkey (TR) and Germany (G). Adult FMF patients of Turkish ancestry on colchicine living in Turkey (n = 40) or G (n = 35) ...
Tong Allison - - 2013
This study aimed to elicit parental and adolescent perspectives on pediatric rheumatology care and service delivery and to describe the impact of this process on a proposed model of care addressing pediatric rheumatology service delivery. Adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and caregivers in New South Wales, Australia, participated in ...
de Araujo Daniel Brito - - 2013
Dactylolysis spontanea is a rare disease of unknown etiology, basically restricted to digits without systemic involvement. It evolves, in the form of a local constriction, affecting typically the distal phalanx of the fifth toe, rarely involving other toes and even more rarely involving fingers as in the case described herein.
Massof Robert W - - 2013
This article presents a theoretical interpretation of patient-reported outcomes of low-vision rehabilitation (LVR) using rating scale questionnaires and uses previously published results of LVR outcome studies to illustrate theoretical points and validate assumptions. Patients' judgments of the difficulty they have performing tasks are interpreted as magnitude estimates of their functional ...
Carel Havi Hannah - - 2013
In this article, I propose that illness is philosophically revealing and can be used to explore human experience. I suggest that illness is a limit case of embodied experience. By pushing embodied experience to its limit, illness sheds light on normal experience, revealing its ordinary and thus overlooked structure. Illness ...
Garnier Sophie - - 2013
The first objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of brisk walking on moderately obese (body mass index, 29-35 kg/m) postmenopausal women's perceived health, assessed through a novel short perceived health questionnaire (SPHQ), and to verify whether improvements in six items examined were related to cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) ...
Liang Ching-Chung - - 2013
Bladder trabeculation (BT) is a secondary result of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), which may result from severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and cause lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). This study was conducted to investigate the relationship among clinical manifestations, urodynamic findings, and BT in women with severe POP. We reviewed ...
Reed Beverly G - - 2013
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare dermatologic disorder that can occur on the vulva. A 25-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 1 abortus 1, had development of pain and subsequent ulceration at the location of her previously healed vulvar obstetric laceration. The ulceration and pain continued to worsen despite wound management. Once ...
Swank Morgan L - - 2013
Approximately 2% of all pregnancies are ectopic; of these, 4% are interstitial or cervical. There exists no clear consensus as to whether surgical or medical management is superior. We present three cases of advanced nonfallopian tube ectopic pregnancies from 6 to 8 weeks of gestation. Our first two cases were ...
Noh Joseph J - - 2013
Unscarred uterine rupture in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and long-term steroid treatment is rare. A 36-year-old primigravid woman conceived a twin gestation after in vitro fertilization therapy. At 23 weeks of gestation, she was found to have a spontaneous rupture of the uterus. Her medical history was significant ...
Deshpande Neha A - - 2013
There is little evidence for counseling patients who seek uterine conservation in the setting of placenta accreta. We report the case of a 37-year-old woman with retained placenta accreta after vaginal delivery. Attempts at transvaginal removal failed, and the placenta was removed through a fundal hysterotomy with bilateral uterine artery ...
Patil Avinash S - - 2013
Romiplostim, a thrombopoietin mimetic, is a novel therapeutic option for patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura. We report on the effects of romiplostim use throughout pregnancy. A 28-year-old primigravid woman with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura initiated a planned pregnancy on romiplostim. The second and third trimesters were marked by a ...
Woo Irene - - 2013
Cushing disease during pregnancy is rare and is associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Transsphenoidal pituitary surgery is the first-line therapy; however, in cases of failed surgery or in patients who are not surgical candidates, medical therapy has been used to control symptoms. A 29-year-old woman with ...
Thomas Saly K - - 2013
Agranulocytosis is known to be a rare side effect of thionamides. This complication puts pregnant patients at particular risk for infections. Obstetricians caring for such patients have the difficult task of deciding between conservative or surgical management. The patient is a 37-year-old gravida 4 para 3 Hispanic woman at 11 ...
Mehlhaff Krista M - - 2013
Brodifacoum, a superwarfarin, is a common household agent used for rodenticides. We present a case of maternal brodifacoum ingestion that resulted in neonatal death. A 19-year-old primigravid woman presented at 32 weeks of gestation with spontaneous mucosal bleeding. Her fetus showed evidence of acidosis on external fetal monitoring. Laboratory values ...
Hirshberg Adi - - 2013
Reversed diastolic flow in the middle cerebral artery has been described as a terminal sign in the growth-restricted fetus. The implication of this in a normally grown fetus is unknown. Middle cerebral artery Doppler velocimetry was performed at 28 weeks of gestation in the setting of decreased fetal movement and ...
Tonkopi Elena - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of this study was to optimize CT protocols for whole-body PET/CT by reducing radiation dose while minimizing effects on image quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Before protocol optimization, a survey of 140 consecutive patients was conducted to establish the baseline dose from a whole-body PET/CT examination. Another sample ...
Nemec Stefan Franz - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Noninfectious inflammatory lung diseases represent a spectrum of idiopathic and secondary conditions that may involve the airspaces, vasculature, or interstitium. The most important clinical and pathologic characteristics are reviewed, emphasizing CT findings and potential clues to differential diagnosis. CONCLUSION. Noninfectious inflammatory lung diseases translate into various CT appearances that ...
Jang Hyun-Jung - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to identify the essential number of phases from multiphasic CT for 1- to 2-cm hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on surveillance ultrasound and to compare the results with the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) standard (arterial phase hypervascularity and portal venous ...
Fowler Kathryn J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of preoperative imaging for diagnosis of combined hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma tumors and to evaluate the clinical and imaging features and demographics of patients presenting to our institution with such tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. From January 2001 to January 2011, ...
An Chansik - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the usefulness of the tensile gallbladder fundus sign on CT in diagnosing early acute cholecystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The tensile gallbladder fundus sign on CT is defined as the absence of gallbladder fundus flattening by the anterior abdominal wall due to ...
Barron Bruce J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. This article focuses on the radiology report and examines how related errors can affect patient care even though the radiologist might resist disclosing or discussing reporting errors in a patient-centered way. By using scenarios involving issues in reporting, we hope to show how various ethical theories support the obligation ...
Czuczman Gregory J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to show the impact of a web-based image quality assurance reporting system on the rates of three common image quality errors at our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A web-based image quality assurance reporting system was developed and used beginning in April 2009. Image ...
Alhilali Lea M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Patients with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt for the management of hydrocephalus often undergo multiple head CT examinations for assessment of shunt malfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a limited three-slice CT protocol would consistently provide adequate information for the diagnosis of shunt malfunction with a decrease ...
Nguyen My-Linh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of our study was to analyze the effect of lesion location and morphologic appearance on CT on the positive predictive value (PPV) for malignancy of all extrapulmonary lesions that were (18)F-FDG avid on PET/CT and that were biopsied under imaging guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Between January 2004 ...
Ortiz-Perez Tamara - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to determine whether formal instruction regarding the BI-RADS ultrasound lexicon results in improved appropriate use of the lexicon. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Ninety test questions depicting the features outlined by the 2003 BI-RADS lexicon were identified in our PACS. Informed consent was obtained from ...
Iagaru Andrei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Tumor growth and progression require the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vasculature, a process called angiogenesis. The ability to noninvasively visualize angiogenesis may provide new opportunities to more appropriately select patients for antiangiogenesis treatment and to monitor treatment efficacy. CONCLUSION. The superior molecular sensitivity of PET and ...
Mirpour Sahar - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Cervical cancer is the second most common malignancy in women worldwide and the third most common cause of cancer mortality in the United States. The aim of this article is to describe cervical cancer and outline the value of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in the management of cervical malignancy. CONCLUSION. The ...
Kruse Matthew - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. FDG PET/CT is emerging as an important modality in the evaluation of pleural tumors. PET/CT has an established role in the diagnosis and staging and shows promise in therapy planning, therapy response assessment, and providing prognostic information in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. This modality has distinct advantages in ...
Desai Ravi R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. This is an analysis of pooled studies for the determination of the test characteristics of stress perfusion cardiac MRI in the diagnosis of flow-limiting obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) using fractional flow reserve (FFR) at catheter coronary angiography as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Traditionally, planimetric measurement of ...
Hwang Yi-Shuan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The Standards for Medical Exposure Quality Assurance in mammography systems were enacted on July 1, 2008, in Taiwan. This study aimed to evaluate the trends in performance of mammography units before and after the regulation started on the basis of annual on-site surveys from 2008 to 2010. MATERIALS AND ...
McEvoy Jennifer R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections into the greater trochanteric bursa as opposed to the subgluteus medius bursa in patients with greater trochanteric pain syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We retrospectively reviewed 183 injections (149 performed in women, 34 performed in men; age ...
Mohammadi Afshin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between spectral wave analyses by measuring the resistive index and serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentration in primary hyperparathyroidism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. From March 2008 to April 2012, 46 consecutively registered patients underwent color and spectral Doppler ultrasonography for ...
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