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Pinto Nilson Vieira - - 2013
We evaluated local inflammatory activity of oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes in rat experimental models of acute inflammation (paw edema and hyperalgesia) by analyzing their toxicity in non-mesoendothelial tissues. Subcutaneous injection of the nanotubes induced paw edema, that was maximal in the first 2 h after administration at 0.1 mg/kg (43.25 ...
Wang Lu-Ning - - 2013
Electrochemically anodized TiO2 nanotubular arrays can provide large surface areas for biological species attachment. In order to further enhance the biocompatibility of Ti medical implants, we deposited a pre-synthesized hydroxyapatite inside and on the nanotubular arrays, and examined the biocompatibility of the anodized TiO2 nanotubular arrays with pre-synthesized hydroxyapatite by ...
Cleret de Langavant Laurent - - 2013
Second person social cognition cannot be restricted to dyadic interactions between two persons (the "I" and the "you"). Many instances of social communication are triadic, and involve a third person (the "him/her/it"), which is the object of the interaction. We discuss neuropsychological and brain imaging data showing that triadic interactions ...
Nhung Tran Thi - - 2013
Flowerlike gold nanostructure was facilely prepared by the seed-mediated growth of gold nanoparticles in chitosan-TPP template films. Firstly, chitosan nanoparticles, spontaneously formed by inter and/or intra cross-linking with TPP, were transformed into gel-type of chitosan-TPP films under strong sonication process. After then, gold seeds (1-3 nm) were entrapped in chitosan-TPP ...
Yi Minjin - - 2013
The manufacture of thin film transistors with reliable electrical properties, via full-printing on plastic foils, is a key step for the realization of costless and flexible electronics. To reach this goal, the dielectric layers should be smooth and free from failure while maintaining a high capacitance. In this paper, the ...
Evans Nicholas - - 2013
Though it draws on the grammatical metaphor of person (first, third, second) in terms of representations, Schilbach et al.'s target article does not consider an orthogonal line of evidence for the centrality of interaction to social cognition: the many grammatical phenomena, some widespread cross-linguistically and some only being discovered, which ...
Froese Tom - - 2013
Synthetic approaches to social interaction support the development of a second-person neuroscience. Agent-based models and psychological experiments can be related in a mutually informing manner. Models have the advantage of making the nonlinear brain-body-environment-body-brain system as a whole accessible to analysis by dynamical systems theory. We highlight some general principles ...
Gallagher Shaun - - 2013
The notion of an enactive system requires thinking about the brain in a way that is different from the standard computational-representational models. In evolutionary terms, the brain does what it does and is the way that it is, across some scale of variations, because it is part of a living ...
Jiang Wu-Gui - - 2013
Steered molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate the peeling and shearing behavior of a single-walled carbon nanotube lying on a silicon substrate. Both the constant velocity and the constant force methods were applied to explore the adsorption of carbon nanotube and silicon substrate, and the efficiency of the two ...
Sundaram Jaya - - 2013
Silver/biopolymer nanoparticles were prepared by adding 100 mg silver nitrate to 2% polyvinyl alcohol solution and reduced the silver nitrate using 2% trisodium citrate for high performance Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) substrates. Optical properties of nanoparticle were measured using UV/VIS spectroscopy and hyperspectral imaging microscopy. Nanoparticle morphology was analyzed ...
Mohanapriya P - - 2013
The hollow nanofibers of Mn-doped SnO2 were fabricated by electrospinning method. The structural and magnetic properties of the electrospun fibers calcined at 600 degrees C were studied. X-ray diffraction patterns of the nanofibers showed broad diffraction peaks and were indexed to the characteristic diffraction pattern of tetragonal SnO2. The hollow ...
Kim Kwangsik - - 2013
In this paper, we present a finite element method (FEM) study of space charge effects in organic light emitting diodes. Our model includes a Gaussian density of states to account for the energetic disorder in organic semiconductors and the Fermi-Dirac statistics to account for the charge hopping process between uncorrelated ...
Hamon-Hill Cindy - - 2013
A second-person neuroscience, as an emerging area of neuroscience and the behavioral sciences, cannot afford to avoid a bottom-up, subcortical, and conative-affective perspective. An example with canid social play and a modern motivational behavioral neursocience will illustrate our point.
Krach Sören - - 2013
Second-person neuroscience offers a framework for the study of social emotions, such as embarrassment and pride. However, we propose that an enduring mental representation of oneself in relation to others without a continuous direct social interaction is possible. We call this state "social immersion" and will explain its impact on ...
Deng Xiao Long - - 2013
An alternating current (AC) voltage modulation was applied to ion-selective observations with plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) membranes in glass nanopipettes. The liquid confronting the membranes in the nanopipettes, the conditioning process, and AC voltage modulation play important roles in the ion-selective detection. In the AC detection system developed by us, where ...
Hong C H - - 2013
We have investigated the effect of electron beam irradiation on the electrical and optical properties of ITO film prepared by magnetron sputtering method at room temperature. Electron beam irradiation to the ITO films resulted in a significant decrease in sheet resistance from 1.28 x 10(-3) omega cm to 2.55 x ...
Kim Chae-Woong - - 2013
Molybdenum (Mo) has been used as back contact layer in chalcopyrite solar cells family (CulnSe2 and its alloys) because it showed the excellence of electrical properties such as low resistivity at the Mo interference. Generally, there are strong corrleations between working pressure and properites such as adhesion and conductivity during ...
Moore Chris - - 2013
A second-person approach that prioritizes dyadic emotional interaction is not well equipped to explain the origins of the understanding of mind conceived as intentionality. Instead, the critical elements that will deliver the understanding of self and other as persons with intentionality are shared object-centered interactions that include not only emotional ...
Moore Kevin - - 2013
Interactive approaches to development and social psychology may particularly benefit from the non-dualist features of a second-person neuroscience. In that context, I discuss the compatibility of a second-person neuroscience with a Wittgensteinian analysis of psychological concepts and its connections to a Vygotskyan approach to psychological development.
Sun Lingling - - 2013
Mastery of the structure of nanomaterials enables control of their properties to enhance their performance for a given application. A scalable method for synthesis of alpha-Fe2O3/TiO2 bi-component nanoparticles (NPs) with novel structure (TiO2 NPs filled into the a-Fe,203) by combining with wet-chemical route and ion implantation-based physical route has been ...
Moore Leonardo - - 2013
Although we fundamentally agree with Schilbach et al., we argue here that there is still some residual utility for non-interactive scenarios in social neuroscience. They may be useful to quantify individual differences in prosocial inclination that are not influenced by concerns about reputation or social pressure.
Macutkevic J - - 2013
A set of epoxy resin composites filled with 0.25-2.0 wt.% of commercially available ENSACO carbon black (CB) of high and low surface area (CBH and CBL respectively) has been produced. The results of broadband dielectric spectroscopy of manufactured CB/epoxy below the percolation threshold in broad temperature (200 K to 450 ...
Rietveld Erik - - 2013
We propose to understand social affordances in the broader context of responsiveness to a field of relevant affordances in general. This perspective clarifies our everyday ability to unreflectively switch between social and other affordances. Moreover, based on our experience with Deep Brain Stimulation for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, we ...
Choi Nak-Jin - - 2013
Thick film semiconductor gas sensors based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) with nanoparticle size were fabricated to detect volatile organic compound (VOC) existed in building, especially, formaldehyde (HCHO) gas which was known as the cause of sick building syndrome. The sensing materials for screen printing were prepared using roll milling ...
Vermeulen Nicolas - - 2013
We argue that Schilbach et al. have neglected an important part of the social neuroscience literature involving participants in social interactions. We also clarify some part of the models the authors discussed superficially. We finally propose that social neuroscience should take into consideration the effect of being observed and the ...
Xu Zhenhe - - 2013
Ytterbium orthovanadate YbVO4 nanocrystals with uniform size and shape were successfully synthesized through a facile hydrothermal approach using sodium tartrate (Na2tar) as the chelating ligand. X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED) ...
Lee Dong Kyu - - 2013
The structural and electrochemical properties of W-doped LiMn2O4 and LiAl0.025Mn1.975O4 have been investigated to determine the role of W. The cathodic materials were synthesized by sol-gel method, using citric acid as the chelating agent. The results revealed that the substitution of W affects the lattice dimension, the morphology, and the ...
Dai Ying - - 2013
Well-ordered large-areas individual addressable ferroelectric nanocapacitor arrays with Pt top electrode and various lateral sizes down to below 100 nm have been fabricated by focused ion beam (FIB) milling on Nb-doped single-crystal SrTiO3(001) substrate. The well-shaped "butterfly" displacement-voltage loop is indicative of strong ferroelectricity of the nanocapacitor arrays. All cells ...
Kim Moung-O - - 2013
Eu3+ doped beta-Ga2O3 and non-doped beta-Ga2O3 nanoparticles were synthesized at 800 degrees C using a liquid-phase precursor (LPP) method, with different annealing times and Eu3+ ion concentrations. Eu3+ doped beta-Ga2O3 nanoparticles showed broad XRD peaks, revealing a second phase compared with the non-doped beta-Ga2O3 nanoparticles. The cathode luminescence (CL) spectra ...
Li Junli - - 2013
Nanoparticles (NPs) have been exploited in a diverse range of products in the past decade or so. However, the biosafety/environmental impact or legislation pertaining to this newly created, highly functional composites containing NPs (otherwise called nanomaterials) is generally lagging behind their technological innovation. To advance the agenda in this area, ...
Pham Hung-Cuong - - 2013
Glass beads were coated with SiO(x) thin film as the first layer and with TiO2 thin film as the second layer by a rotating cylindrical PCVD reactor. The thicknesses of TiO2/SiO(x) double-layer films were measured by scanning electron microscopy. Glass beads coated with TiO2/SiO(x) double-layer films were packed inside the ...
Plascencia-Villa Germán - - 2013
Self-assembled structures derived of viral proteins display sophisticated structures that are difficult to obtain with even advanced synthesis methods and the use of protein nanotubes for synthesis and organization of inorganic nanoarrays into well-defined architectures are here reported. Nanoparticle arrays derived of rotavirus VP6 nanotubes were synthesized by in situ ...
Cheng Xiuwen - - 2013
Highly ordered TiO2 nano-tube arrays (TNTAs) photoelectrodes were prepared through anodization method, followed by annealing treatment. Morphologies and structures of the as-prepared TNTAs samples were investigated through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). In addition, the optical and photoelectrochemical (PECH) properties were investigated through ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy ...
Mittal Jagjiwan - - 2013
Process of Sn coating on mutiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and formation of interconnections among nanotubes are studied using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Surface oxidation of nanotubes during heating with HNO3 prior to the SnCl2 treatment and the bonding between functional groups and ...
Kim Hyunyoung - - 2013
TiO2 nanotubes formed on the surface of commercially pure titanium were prepared by anodizing processing and were then heat-treated. The silver doping was processed with different molar concentration of AgNO3 aqueous solution. The silver-doped TiO2 nanotubes were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy, ultraviolet visible near-infrared spectrophotometer and ampere-volts ...
Tomita Minoru - - 2013
Lymphoma causes various neurological manifestations that might affect any part of the nervous system and occur at any stage of the disease. The peripheral nervous system is one of the major constituents of the neurological involvement of lymphoma. In this study we characterized the clinical, electrophysiological and histopathological features of ...
Praveen P - - 2013
The present study provides the first reports of a novel approach of electrophoretic co-deposition technique by which titanium foils are coated with LiFePO4-carbon nanocomposites synthesized by sol gel route and processed into high-surface area cathodes for lithium ion batteries. The study elucidates how sucrose additions as carbon source can affect ...
Valanarasu S - - 2013
The influence of thermal treatment on the structural and morphological properties of the ZnO films deposited by double dip Successive ionic layer by adsorption reaction is presented. The effect of annealing temperature and time in air ambient is presented in detail. The deposited films were annealed from 200 to 400 ...
Nowossadeck S - - 2013
Both the number of people in need of long-term care and the number of carers will grow strongly in the future. This development is influenced by several factors. Firstly, demographic change will increase the number of people in need of long-term care. This article analyzes how demographic change is shifting ...
Fuchs M - - 2013
This article provides a detailed analysis of the current state of the labor market for long-term carers in the Federal States of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia and uses model calculations to derive trends until the year 2025. Examining the current situation, we look at the ratio of unemployed persons to ...
Lauxen O - - 2013
The Hessian Care Monitor is a Web-based monitoring system of the regional care labor market. It contains information on the current labor market and on future developments. Official statistics are analyzed, primary data are collected, and forecasts are calculated. Since 2008, the demand for nurses in Hesse has been higher ...
Isfort M - - 2013
The following article represents the main results of studies in Germany treating the situation of nurses in hospitals and in long term care units focussing the image of nursing work-on the one hand from the public's and on the other hand from the nurses' perspectives. The article enters into the ...
Chen Shijie - - 2013
A novel C/Fe-Bi2WO6 nanosheet composite photocatalyst combining the properties of both semiconductor and Fenton like catalyst was prepared via a two-step method involving Resin carbonization and hydrothermal process. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis ...
Simon M - - 2013
From 2009, the quality of care in nursing homes in Germany is inspected, rated, and publicized. This study investigates the association between staff-perceived nursing quality, clinical quality indicators, and ratings of health insurance medical services based on the transparency of stationary care agreement (PTVS). This was a cross-sectional study merging ...
Joost A - - 2013
Retaining geriatric nurses in their line of work could be an important strategy to prevent the shortage of skilled staff in the future. A prerequisite for this is detailed knowledge of the length and structure of professional careers. The IWAK ( Institut für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Kultur) evaluated data from ...
Kim M T - - 2013
The effect of acid-treated carbon nanotube (CNT) addition on the wear and dynamic mechanical thermal properties of basalt/epoxy woven composites was investigated in this study. Basalt/CNT/epoxy composites were fabricated by impregnating woven basalt fibers into epoxy resin mixed with 1 wt% CNTs which were acid-treated. Wear and DMA (dynamic mechanical ...
Braeseke G - - 2013
A central objective of this study was to estimate the potential workforce for the elderly care sector in Germany and to compare it with the predicted demand for nurses in 2030. The authors describe the opportunities and obstacles in recruiting skilled professionals from EU member states and from countries outside ...
Schüler G - - 2013
Demographic change, advances in medicine, and innovative health care services are leading to changes in the professional qualification requirements for nursing and care staff. Detecting future trends in relation to these requirements was the focus of a Delphi study developed as part of the BMBF FreQueNz initiative. After qualitative expert ...
Shin Pyeong Ji - - 2013
Al contents have been doped as a sensitizer to improve the luminescent brightness, and the conventional solid state reaction method has been used to synthesize the phosphors. Al doping effects on the microstructures of YVO4:Eu3+ phosphors were measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The ...
Chae Hyang Hoon - - 2013
The boric oxide deposition was performed to improve the oxidation resistivity of carbon nanofiber (CNF) from electrospinning at elevated temperatures. The stabilized electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers were coated with boric oxide, followed by heat treatment up to 1000, 1200, and 1400 degrees C in an inert nitrogen atmosphere. The relative ...
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