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- - 2013
A versatile method for calculating solvation thermodynamic quantities for molecules is developed by Yuichi Harano, Roland Roth, and Shuntaro Chiba on page 1969. The thermodynamic quantities are estimated as a linear combination of four fundamental geometric measures of the atomic species, which are defined by Hadwiger's theorem and the coefficients ...
- - 2013
The picture shows the density of the binding 6s orbital combination for the most stable predicted planar D2h Au10 cluster, presented by Daniel A. Götz, Rolf Schäfer, and Peter Schwerdtfeger on page 1975. The bonding molecular orbital lies deep within the 5d space of gold due to relativistic effects stabilizing ...
Rizzo Giovanni - - 2013
Even though the pathophysiology of restless legs syndrome is not completely understood, several imaging studies have contributed to our understanding of the disease. Functional and metabolic impairment seems to be the pathophysiological core, tied to a single brain network or multiple connected brain networks, via neurotransmitter modifications. Positron emission tomography ...
Roos-Hesselink J W - - 2013
Cardiac disease in pregnancy is a challenging health care problem. The number of cases and their complexity is increasing, such that heart disease is now the leading cause of maternal mortality in developed countries. Numerically, women with congenital heart disease (CHD) make up the majority of cases and although maternal ...
Beasley Jeannette M JM Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, 1300 Morris Park Avenue Suite 1312c, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. - - 2013
Examining the role of dietary protein and establishing intake guidelines among individuals with diabetes is complex. The 2013 American Diabetes Association (ADA) standards of care recommend an individualized approach to decision making with regard to protein intake and dietary macronutrient composition. Needs may vary based on cardiometabolic risk factors and ...
Sacchetti Rossella - - 2013
This study aimed to assess whether a school-based physical education intervention was effective in improving physical abilities and influencing daily physical activity habits in primary school children. The possible effect on body mass index (BMI) was also considered. Twenty-six 3rd-grade classes were randomly selected stratifying by geographic location (city, plain, ...
Stewart Garrick C - - 2013
The INTERMACS registry has played a central role in the evolving field of device therapy for advanced heart failure (HF). This nationwide, prospective registry of approved assist devices has defined the boundaries of mechanical support, tracked the evolution from pulsatile to continuous flow, developed new profiles for advanced HF, and ...
Winner Paul - - 2013
Periodic disorders of childhood often represent precursors of migraine. As we advance our knowledge of migraine and its complicated phenotypic presentation in childhood, we have noted the similarities in overlapping symptoms of children presenting with childhood periodic syndromes. There is often a positive family history of migraine in children that ...
Selby Van N - - 2013
Acute heart failure is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Goals of treatment are decongestion, correction of hemodynamic abnormalities, symptom relief, and reducing long-term morbidity and mortality. Loop diuretics are a first-line agent for treatment of volume overload, with ultrafiltration reserved for those who do not respond to pharmacologic therapy. ...
Kristjansson Alfgeir Logi - - 2013
Collection of valid and reliable surveillance data as a basis for school health promotion and education policy and practice for children and adolescence is of great importance. However, numerous methodological and practical problems arise in the planning and collection of such survey data that need to be resolved in order ...
Chen Li-Jung - - 2013
This study examined the association between fitness change and subsequent academic performance in Taiwanese schoolchildren from 7th grade to 9th grade. The 7th graders from 1 junior high school district participated in this study (N = 669). Academic performance was extracted from school records at the end of each grade. Cardiovascular (CV) ...
Prentice Ross L RL Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, M3-A410, POB 19024, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. - - 2013
Reports from nutritional epidemiology studies lack reliability if based solely on self-reported dietary consumption estimates. Consumption biomarkers are available for some components of diet. These can be collected in subsets of study cohorts, along with corresponding self-report assessments. Linear regression of (log-transformed) biomarker values on corresponding self-report values and other ...
Moheet Amir A Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota MMC 101, 420 Delaware St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2013
Severe hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes is associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events and death. Recent large randomized clinical trials in individuals with type 2 diabetes have shown that intensive glycemic control may result in increased mortality, and hypoglycemia has been investigated as a possible cause. Acute hypoglycemia ...
Govender Kaymarlin - - 2013
This study investigated the relationship between school connectedness and health risk behaviors, specifically, substance abuse, violence-related behaviors, sexual risk behaviors, and suicidal ideation among school-going adolescents. School connectedness was understood to encompass a range of aspects pertaining to a learner's sense of belonging to the school. We hypothesized that strong ...
Edlow Brian L BL Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street - Lunder 650, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
Advances in task-based functional MRI (fMRI), resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI), and arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion MRI have occurred at a rapid pace in recent years. These techniques for measuring brain function have great potential to improve the accuracy of prognostication for civilian and military patients with traumatic coma. In addition, ...
Wang Guijing - - 2013
Excess intake of sodium, a common problem worldwide, is associated with hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and hypertension is a major risk factor for CVD. Population-wide efforts to reduce sodium intake have been identified as a promising strategy for preventing hypertension and CVD, and such initiatives are currently recommended by ...
Welty Francine K - - 2013
This review article summarizes recent research into the mechanisms as to how elevated levels of triglyceride (TG) and low levels of high- density- lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) contribute to inflammation and atherosclerosis. Evidence supports the role of TG-rich lipoproteins in signaling mechanisms via apolipoproteins C-III and free fatty acids leading to ...
Quail Michael A MA Centre for Cardiovascular Imaging, Institute of Cardiovascular Science, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
The inherent structural and physiological complexity of congenital heart disease lends itself strongly to simulation. Complex hemodynamic and structural problems unique to congenital heart disease may be difficult to understand and the response to therapy or intervention uncertain. Methodologies borrowed from engineering, computing and mathematical sciences can be applied to ...
Lee Eunjoo - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to (1) identify school nurses' awareness of information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' health education and (2) explore the barriers or reasons for the adoption of ICT in school nursing practice, while (3) presenting strategies to speed ICT diffusion and dissemination into ...
Steinberg Jonathan S - - 2013
Renal artery denervation (RDN) has been introduced as an ablation procedure that can effectively treat drug-resistant forms of hypertension. The ablative lesions reduce the afferent and efferent sympathetic nerve traffic to and from the kidneys, thus improving blood pressure control. Because of better control of blood pressure, and because the ...
He Li - - 2013
Physical activity is beneficial for adolescent health. The physical activity patterns of Japanese adolescents are relatively unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the current patterns of physical activity and to identify sex and grade differences among them. The participants comprised 714 Japanese adolescents aged 12 to 15 years old (boys ...
Lobelo Felipe - - 2013
Rapidly rising childhood obesity rates constitute a public health priority in Latin America which makes it imperative to develop evidence-based strategies. Schools are a promising setting but to date it is unclear how many school-based obesity interventions have been documented in Latin America and what level of evidence can be ...
Cohen Bruce A - - 2013
Therapeutic advances in transplantation medicine have resulted in ever expanding patient populations that receive organ or stem cell transplantation. Modern potent immunomodulatory therapies have resulted in improvements in allograft and patient survival, but, consequently, as a result of the immunosuppressive state, transplant recipients are highly vulnerable to infection, including those ...
Ronsley Rebecca - - 2013
Aboriginal children are at increased risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes. Healthy Buddies™-First Nations (HB) is a curriculum-based, peer-led program promoting healthy eating, physical activity, and self-esteem. Although originally designed as a pilot pre-/post-analysis of 3 remote Aboriginal schools that requested and received HB training, one school did not ...
De Decker Ellen - - 2013
Sedentary behavior refers to activities involving sitting down and reclining (eg, watching TV, using the computer) and has been associated with different health outcomes. In preschool, children are sedentary for 50% to 80% of the time, in the classroom as well as during recess. Because of the absence of qualitative ...
Morin Pascale - - 2013
With a view toward developing concerted efforts in fostering healthy eating habits and a physically active lifestyle among young people, a study was carried out to explore associations between eating behavior and physical activity (PA). In the school district, questionnaires were completed at home by parents of primary school children ...
Zaina Silvio - - 2013
In general terms, "nuclear reprogramming" refers to a change in gene expression profile that results in a significant switch in cellular phenotype. Nuclear reprogramming was first addressed by pioneering studies of cell differentiation during embryonic development. In recent years, nuclear reprogramming has been studied in great detail in the context ...
Merchant Faisal M FM Cardiology Division, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2013
Microvolt level T-wave alternans (MTWA), a phenomenon of beat-to-beat variability in the repolarization phase of the ventricles, has been closely associated with an increased risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmic events (VTE) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) during medium- and long-term follow-up. Recent observations also suggest that heightened MTWA magnitude may be ...
Iranzo Alex - - 2013
Parkinson disease (PD) has a premotor stage where neurodegeneration occurs before parkinsonism becomes apparent. Identification of individuals at this stage provides an opportunity to study early disease progression and test disease-modifying interventions. Hyposmia, constipation, depression and hypersomnia are part of this premotor phase and predictive of future development of PD. ...
Keenan Tanya E TE Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 8044 Maloney Building, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
Despite the critical importance of plasma lipoproteins in the development of atherosclerosis, varying degrees of evidence surround the causal associations of lipoproteins with coronary artery disease (CAD). These causal contributions can be assessed by employing genetic variants as unbiased proxies for lipid levels. A relatively large number of low-density lipoprotein ...
Hu Jing J Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Baker Laboratory, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2013
A fluorogenic high-throughput assay suitable for screening Sirt6 modulators is developed based on the recently discovered efficient activity of Sirt6 to hydrolyze myristoyl lysine. Sirt6 modulators will be useful in investigating the function of Sirt6 and protein lysine fatty acylation.
Baron Ellen Jo EJ Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. - - 2013
The critical role of the microbiology laboratory in infectious disease diagnosis calls for a close, positive working relationship between the physician and the microbiologists who provide enormous value to the health care team. This document, developed by both laboratory and clinical experts, provides information on which tests are valuable and ...
Moldavsky Maria - - 2013
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuro-developmental disorder that causes controversy; this may have a negative effect on the ability of families, teachers and healthcare professionals to achieve shared understanding and goals. This article reviews recent research of the knowledge and attitudes of children, adolescents, parents, teachers, healthcare professionals and ...
Bocquet Alain - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis (B lactis) alone or with 90% galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) and 10% fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) on infections in infants. In a multicenter trial, healthy, term, newborn infants ages 42 days or younger whose mothers had decided not ...
Ames Marisa K - - 2013
Objective-To determine whether a high dosage of pimobendan, when administered concurrently with moderate-dosage furosemide to healthy dogs, would activate the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) more than furosemide alone. Animals-12 healthy dogs. Procedures-6 dogs received furosemide (2.0 mg/kg, PO, q 12 h) only, as an RAAS activator, for 10 days. The other ...
Kotzampassi Katerina - - 2013
Here we present the case of Candida albicans colonization on an intragastric balloon placed for weight loss. A 52-year-old obese woman achieved a BMI reduction of 10.9 kg/m(2) within 7 months as a result of a BioEnterics Intragastric Balloon and a well-balanced, low-calorie diet. During endoscopy for balloon removal, the balloon, which ...
Kouros Chrystyna D - - 2013
Symptoms of anxiety and depression are prevalent among adolescents and associated with impairment in multiple domains of functioning. Moreover, anxiety and depression frequently co-occur, with estimated comorbidity rates as high as 75%. Whereas previous research has shown that anxiety symptoms predict increased depressive symptoms over time, the relation between depressive ...
Jaldin Rodrigo Gibin - - 2013
Smoking is the most relevant environmental factor that affects the development of aortic aneurysm. Smokers have elevated levels of elastase activity in the arterial wall, which leads to weakening of the aorta. The aim of this study was to verify whether cigarette smoke exposure itself is capable of altering the ...
Lawrence Maggie - - 2013
Recent epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between perceived psychological stress and ischemic stroke. A feature of stroke is recurrence; 30-40% within five-years following first transient ischemic attack/stroke. Equipping patients with skills and coping strategies to help reduce or manage perceived psychological stress may represent an important secondary prevention intervention. ...
Caller Tracie A - - 2013
An environmental trigger of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is supported by geographic disparities in ALS incidence and development of the disease in conjugal couples. This study aims to investigate the incidence of ALS in the Northern New England states of New Hampshire (NH), Vermont (VT), and Maine (ME). We ...
Barlow Adam D AD Department of Transplant Surgery, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK. - - 2013
Rapamycin is used frequently in both transplantation and oncology. Although historically thought to have little diabetogenic effect, there is growing evidence of β-cell toxicity. This Review draws evidence for rapamycin toxicity from clinical studies of islet and renal transplantation, and of rapamycin as an anticancer agent, as well as from ...
Gonzalez-Guarda R M RM School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA. - - 2013
Research suggest that Hispanics in the U.S. are disproportionately affected by the consequences of intimate partner violence. Nevertheless, few intimate partner violence prevention interventions have been developed to address the unique needs and preferences of this population. The Partnership for Domestic Violence Prevention is a community-based participatory research project that ...
Nieto Jorge E - - 2013
Objective-To determine the effects of domperidone on in vivo and in vitro measures of gastrointestinal tract motility and contractility in healthy horses. Sample-18 adult horses and tissue samples from an additional 26 adult horses. Procedures-Domperidone or placebo paste was administered to healthy horses in a 2-period crossover study. Gastric emptying ...
Gundogdu Gokhan - - 2013
Colostomy prolapse is a frequently seen complication of transverse colostomy. In one child with recurrent stoma prolapse, we performed a loop-to-loop fixation and peritoneal tethering laparoscopically. No prolapse had recurred at follow-up. Laparoscopic repair of transverse colostomy prolapse seems to be a less invasive method than other techniques.
Josefsson Kim - - 2013
We studied the developmental trends of temperament and character in a longitudinal population-based sample of Finnish men and women aged 20-45 years using the Temperament and Character Inventory model of personality. Personality was assessed in 1997, 2001, and 2007 (n = 2,104, 2,095, and 2,056, respectively). Mean-level changes demonstrated qualitatively ...
Fischer Michael R - - 2013
Blue light is a UV-free irradiation suitable for treating chronic skin inflammation, for example, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and hand- and foot eczema. However, a better understanding of the mode of action is still missing. For this reason, we investigated whether dendritic cells (DC) are directly affected by blue light irradiation ...
Zapata M - - 2013
To evaluate the effectiveness of two doses of doxapram in reversing acepromazine sedation in dogs. Using a crossover design, 10 adult mixed-breed dogs received 0·05 mg/kg acepromazine, intramuscularly (im) followed 30 minutes later by one of the three randomly determined treatments: 0·0625 mL/kg saline, intravenously (iv), 1·25 mg/kg doxapram, iv ...
Constable Peter D - - 2013
Objective-To determine the degree of agreement between 2 analyzers for measurement of total CO2 concentration (ctCO2) in equine plasma. Animals-6 healthy untrained horses, 6 trained Standardbreds undergoing a simulated race protocol, and 135 trained Standardbreds at a racetrack. Procedures-Jugular venous blood samples were obtained from all horses. Two analyzers (commonly ...
Sadatomo Ai - - 2013
We report the first case of sigmoid volvulus after laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer. The patient is a 75-year-old man who presented with the sudden onset of severe abdominal pain. He had undergone laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for cancer 2 years before presentation. CT scan showed a distended sigmoid colon with ...
Sijtsema Jelle Jurrit - - 2013
The biological sensitivity to context hypothesis posits that high physiological reactivity (i.e., increases in arousal from baseline) constitutes heightened sensitivity to environmental influences, for better or worse. To test this hypothesis, we examined the interactive effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity to a public speaking task on aggressive/rule-breaking ...
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