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Results 401 - 450 of 1282
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Hornberger Keith R - - 2013
The kinase selectivity and pharmacokinetic optimization of a series of 7-aminofuro[2,3-c]pyridine inhibitors of TAK1 is described. The intersection of insights from molecular modeling, computational prediction of metabolic sites, and in vitro metabolite identification studies resulted in a simple and unique solution to both of these problems. These efforts culminated in ...
Song Wu-Hui - - 2013
A series of diketo tetrazoles and diketo triazoles were designed and synthesized as bioisosteres of α,γ-diketo acid, the active site inhibitor of HCV (Hepatitis C virus) polymerase NS5B. Among the synthesized compounds, 4-(4-fluorobenzyloxy)phenyl diketo triazole (30) exhibited anti-HCV activity with an EC50 value of 3.9μM and an SI value more ...
Polonini Hudson C - - 2013
Currently, the research and development of sunscreens play an important role on the synthesis of actives that are stable in various kinds of formulations-in addition to their efficiency and broad spectrum of protection against ultraviolet radiation. Our objective here was to synthesize new sunscreening chemical agents using quinoline as a ...
Berezin A E - - 2013
To evaluate the interrelation between circulating osteopontin (OPN) and coronary atherosclerosis and calcification in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM). 126 subjects (46 patients with T2DM) with previously documented asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled in the study. CAD was determined by contrast multispiral CT-angiography. OPN plasma levels were ...
Hornberger Keith R - - 2013
The discovery and potency optimization of a series of 7-aminofuro[2,3-c]pyridine inhibitors of TAK1 is described. Micromolar hits taken from high-throughput screening were optimized for biochemical and cellular mechanistic potency to ∼10nM, as exemplified by compound 12az. Application of structure-based drug design aided by co-crystal structures of TAK1 with inhibitors significantly ...
Duvey Guillaume - - 2013
A series of potent non-acetylinic negative allosteric modulators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5 NAMs) was developed starting from HTS screening hit 1. Potency was improved via iterative SAR, and physicochemical properties were optimized to deliver orally bioavailable compounds acceptable for in vivo testing. A lead molecule from the ...
Kubas Holger - - 2013
A virtual screening approach using various in silico methodologies led to the discovery of 2-(m-tolylamino)-7,8-dihydroquinazolin-5(6H)-one (1) as a moderately active negative allosteric modulator (NAM) of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) showing high selectivity against the subtype mGluR1. Modifications of the parent compound by rational design yielded a series ...
McLaughlin Katie A KA Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Although exposure to potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs) is common among youths in the United States, information on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) risk associated with PTEs is limited. We estimate lifetime prevalence of exposure to PTEs and PTSD, PTE-specific risk of PTSD, and associations of sociodemographics and temporally prior DSM-IV disorders ...
Maurel Blandine - - 2013
After stent implantation, platelet aggregation and thrombus formation are thought to play a key role in the early phase of in-stent restenosis (ISR). Drug-eluting stents have reduced ISR, but are associated with healing-related issues or hypersensitivity reactions, leading to an increased risk of late acute stent thrombosis. EP224283 is a ...
Gangloff Anthony R - - 2013
Structure based drug design of a series of novel 1,4-benzoxazin-3-one derived PARP-1 inhibitors are described. The synthesis, enzymatic & cellular activities and pharmacodynamic effects are described. Optimized analogs demonstrated inhibition of poly-ADP-ribosylation in SW620 tumor bearing nude mice through 24h following a single dose.
Dao Pascal - - 2013
We report herein the synthesis of novel diarylamino-1,3,5-triazine derivatives as FAK (focal adhesion kinase) inhibitors and the evaluation of their anti-angiogenic activity on HUVEC cells. Generally, the effects of these compounds on endothelial cells could be correlated with their kinase inhibitory activity. The most efficient compounds displayed inhibition of viability ...
Tan Xiao - - 2013
We describe here 1,2,4-triazoles derivatives identified as transient inactivators acting at the nanomolar level on human kallikreins (hK5, hK7 and hK14) and matriptase. Both the nature of the targeted enzymes and structural variations of the inhibitors influence the life-times of acyl-enzymes. These nonpeptidic, transient and low-molecular-weight inhibitors were found to ...
Soares Fabyana A - - 2013
The 1,4-dihydro-4-oxoquinoline ribonucleoside, Neq135, is the first low micromolar trypanosomatidae inhibitor to show good ligand efficiency (0.28kcalmol(-1)atom(-1)) and good ligand lipophilicity efficiency (0.37kcalmol(-1)atom(-1)) when acting against Trypanosoma cruzi glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (TcGAPDH). This and other six ribonucleosides were synthesized using our in-house technology, and assayed against the GAPDH NAD(+) site ...
Sullivan Sarah - - 2013
Studies report overlap between autism spectrum disorders and psychosis. This may indicate a relationship between the 2 disorders or an artificial overlap due to similarity of symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate whether autism spectrum disorder and autistic traits predict psychotic experiences in early adolescence. This study ...
Zhu Congqing - - 2013
Anti-aromatic compounds, as well as small cyclic alkynes or carbynes, are particularly challenging synthetic goals. The combination of their destabilizing features hinders attempts to prepare molecules such as pentalyne, an 8π-electron anti-aromatic bicycle with extremely high ring strain. Here we describe the facile synthesis of osmapentalyne derivatives that are thermally ...
Choi Min Ji - - 2013
As a development strategy for backups of Fimasartan (1), a comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) of a set of sixty-five 5-(biphenyl-2-yl)-1H-tetrazole derivatives has been performed to find out the pharmacophore elements for angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) blockade. The most potent compound containing pyrimidin-4(3H)-one ring, Fimasartan (1) was ...
Ningaiah Srikantamurthy - - 2013
A novel series of pyrazoline amidoxime (2a-d) and pyrazoly-1,2,4-oxadiazole (3a-p) and (4) of pharmacological significance have been synthesised. Structures of newly synthesised compounds were characterized by spectral studies. New compounds were screened for their in vitro antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiinflammatory activities. Among the synthesized compounds, compound 2a, 3l and 3o ...
Marini Maria A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate whether insulin clearance is independently associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), a well-recognized index of vascular damage. 361 Non-diabetic Caucasian subjects were subjected to euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp to assess insulin sensitivity, and insulin clearance. IMT of the common carotid was measured ...
Basten Maartje M G J MM Erasmus University Medical - - 2013
Children with co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems have higher levels of impairment and worse outcomes later in life, but it is unclear whether these children can be distinguished validly from children who have problems in a single domain. We used a person-centered statistical approach to examine whether a group of ...
Feige Erez - - 2013
Monocytes are motile cells which sense inflammatory stimuli and subsequently migrate to sites of inflammation. Key players in host defense, monocytes have nevertheless been implicated as requisite mediators of several chronic inflammatory diseases. Inhibition of monocyte chemotaxis is therefore an attractive anti-inflammatory strategy. Oxidized phospholipids (OxPL) are native regulators of ...
Gustin Darin J - - 2013
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) signaling plays a vital role in mitogenesis, cell migration and angiogenesis. Sphingosine kinases (SphKs) catalyze a key step in sphingomyelin metabolism that leads to the production of S1P. There are two isoforms of SphK and observations made with SphK deficient mice show the two isoforms can compensate for ...
Suzuki Chie - - 2013
Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) accumulation induced by exogenous 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in tumors affects the therapeutic efficacy of ALA-based photodynamic and sonodynamic therapies. To develop a new imaging probe to estimate the ALA-induced PpIX accumulation, (11)C-labeled ALA analog (4), an ALA-dehydratase inhibitor, was radiosynthesized via (11)C-methylation of a Schiff-base-activated precursor in ...
Filipski Kevin J - - 2013
Glucokinase activators are a class of experimental agents under investigation as a therapy for Type 2 diabetes mellitus. An X-ray crystal structure of a modestly potent agent revealed the potential to substitute the common heterocyclic amide donor-acceptor motif for a pyridone moiety. We have successfully demonstrated that both pyridone and ...
Zhang Hao - - 2013
It was demonstrated in our studies that norfloxacin, a representative member of quinolone antibiotics, can indeed stabilize the gyrase-DNA complex formed during enzymatic cycle. In addition, the formation of the drug-induced complex has been firstly visualized through our atomic force microscopic examination.
Scott David A - - 2013
The potent and selective 3-amido-4-anilinoquinoline CSF-1R inhibitor AZ683 suffered from cardiovascular liabilities, which were linked to the off-target activities of the compound and ion channel activity in particular. Less basic and less lipophilic examples from both the quinoline and cinnoline series demonstrated cleaner secondary pharmacology profiles. Cinnoline 31 retained the ...
Rezende Lucas Cunha Dias de - - 2013
1,4-Naphthoquinone derivatives are known to have relevant activities against several parasites. Among the treatment options for malaria, atovaquone, a 1,4-naphthoquinone derivative, is widely applied in the treatment and prophylaxis of such disease. Based on the structure simplification of atovaquone, we designed and synthesized four novel naphthoquinoidal derivatives. The compounds were ...
Dellai Afef - - 2013
Chiral triamine antimalarial compounds have been identified following the screening of mixture-based positional scanning libraries made up of 31,320 compounds against P. falciparum. The library, namely N-methyl triamine (TPI 762) was generated following exhaustive reduction of resin-bound acylated dipeptides. Using the PSCL approach, individual compounds were rapidly identified which were ...
Sun Hongmao H National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health (NIH), 9800 Medical Center Drive, Bethesda, Rockville, MD 20892, USA. - - 2013
Both pharmacophore models of the human ether-à-go-go-related gene (hERG) channel blockers and phospholipidosis (PLD) inducers contain a hydrophobic moiety and a hydrophilic motif/positively charged center, so it is interesting to investigate the overlap between the ligand chemical spaces of both targets. We have assayed over 4000 non-redundant drug-like compounds for ...
Wen Wandong W College of Science, Northwest Agriculture & Forestry University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, - - 2013
This letter describes a multi-dimensional SAR campaign based on a potent, efficacious and selective GIRK1/2 activator (~10-fold versus GIRK1/4 and inactive on nonGIRK 1-containing GIRKs, GIRK 2 or GIRK2/3). Further chemical optimization through an iterative parallel synthesis effort identified multiple 'molecular switches' that modulated the mode of pharmacology from activator ...
Mizuhara Tsukasa - - 2013
The structure-activity relationship of phenylpyrazole derivative 1 was investigated for the development of novel anti-HIV agents. Initial efforts revealed that the diazenyl group can be replaced by an aminomethylene group. In addition, we synthesized various derivatives by the reductive amination of benzaldehydes with 5-aminopyrazoles and carried out parallel structural optimization ...
Yang Qing - - 2013
Four novel iridium(III) complexes with enantiopure C2-symmetrical vicinal diamine ligands were designed, synthesized, and characterized by FT-IR, NMR, and MS. The cytotoxicities of all of the complexes against the human solid tumor cell lines A2780, A549, KB, and MDA-MB-231 were evaluated. Both R,R-configured complexes (R,R)-5a and (R,R)-5b exhibited more potent ...
Li Xiao-Yan - - 2013
We first report the application of 3-acyl-5-hydroxybenzofurans as a scaffold to develop potential drugs for breast cancer. Seven novel derivative compounds were synthesized by using a microwave-assisted synthesis method. Those compounds exhibited different antiproliferation against human breast cancer MCF-7 cells, with the best activity of IC50=43.08μM for compound 1. A ...
Charland Trisha - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of MTA (Dentsply Maillefer, Tulsa, OK) and EndoSequence Root Repair Material (ESRRM; Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA) to set in the presence of human blood and minimal essential media. A model was created using polymethyl methacrylate blocks each prepared with 10 ...
Dehmlow Henrietta - - 2013
A series of non-steroidal GPBAR1 (TGR5) agonists was developed from a hit in a high-throughput screening campaign. Lead identification efforts produced biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid derivative (R)-22, which displayed a robust secretion of PYY after oral administration in a degree that can be correlated with the unbound plasma concentration. Further optimisation work ...
Dopheide Jörn F - - 2013
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory process involving polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of the present study was to investigate the phenotype of inflammatory cells in regard to the expression of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 and its soluble form (sTREM-1) as ...
Ebersberger Ullrich - - 2013
Chest pain associated with cocaine use represents an increasing problem in the emergency department (ED). Cocaine use has been linked to the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We used coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) to evaluate the prevalence, severity and composition of atherosclerotic lesions in cocaine ...
Dopieralski Przemyslaw - - 2013
Recent force microscopy measurements on the mechanically activated cleavage of a protein disulfide bond through reaction with hydroxide ions revealed that for forces greater than 0.5 nN, the acceleration of the reaction rate is substantially reduced. Here, using ab initio simulations, we trace this 'reactivity switch' back to a dual role ...
Lee Semin - - 2013
Since the discovery of crown ethers, macrocycles have been recognized as powerful platforms for supramolecular chemistry. Although their numbers and variations are now legion, macrocycles that are simple to make using high-yielding reactions in one pot and on the multigram scale are rare. Here we present such a discovery obtained ...
Anunthawan Thitiporn - - 2013
The principle of amino acid stretches tagged at the C terminal of Luecrocin I, which is an ultra-short antibacterial peptide, by tryptophan and arginine or lysine has been reported. The choice of amino acid type at each stretch position depends on the hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions visualized in the helical ...
Braamskamp Marjet J A M - - 2013
Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) enzymes are thought to contribute to atherosclerosis. In this study we assessed levels of sPLA2 mass and activity, and their relationship to baseline characteristics of children with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Furthermore, we evaluated the effect of two years of pravastatin therapy on sPLA2 levels. sPLA2-IIA mass ...
Bujold Kim - - 2013
The CD36 selective ligand, EP 80317, features potent anti-atherosclerotic and hypocholesterolemic effects that are associated with an increase in macrophage cholesterol efflux through the activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-liver X receptor α (LXRα)-ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter pathway. Cholesterol efflux is the first step of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). ...
Habib Anwer A Department of Internal Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2013
Metformin impairs endothelialization of drug eluting stents (DES) due to convergent signaling at the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. We assessed whether metformin will continue to adversely affect stent endothelialization despite design improvements in newer generation DES. Rabbit iliac artery stenting with newer generation DES was performed followed by ...
Vandekerckhove Stéphanie - - 2013
Antifungal assessment of eighteen 5-, 6- and 8-(4-aminobutyloxy)quinolines revealed a significant susceptibility of the tested fungi and yeast strains (Candida albicans, Rhodotorula bogoriensis, Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium solani) toward different halo-substituted 8-(4-aminobutyloxy)quinolines. The six most potent compounds displayed antifungal activities similar to those of established antifungal agents such as Amphotericin ...
Slutzky-Goldberg Iris - - 2013
Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) have tissue dissolution capacity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of dentin on their tissue dissolution capacity in a novel dentin model. Dentin models were prepared from 25 freshly extracted human molar teeth; the crowns were separated from ...
Choi Myung Jin - - 2013
Valvular calcification is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). This study examined the hypothesis that valvular calcification is a marker of myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic high-risk patients with ESRD. Echocardiography and myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography were performed in 285 asymptomatic ...
Ng Raymond A - - 2013
The structure activity relationship of the prime region of conformationally restricted hydroxyethylamine (HEA) BACE inhibitors is described. Variation of the P1' region provided selectivity over Cat-D with a series of 2,2-dioxo-isothiochromanes and optimization of the P2' substituent of chromane-HEA(s) with polar substituents provided improvements in the compound's in vitro permeability. ...
Böhme Thomas - - 2013
Racemic cis-1,1-dioxo-5,6-dihydro-[4,1,2]oxathiazine derivative 4a was isolated as an impurity in a sample of a hit from a HTS campaign on 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1). After separation by chiral chromatography the 4a-S, 8a-R enantiomer of compound 4a was identified as the true, potent enzyme inhibitor. The cocrystal structure of 4a ...
Raschenberger Julia - - 2013
Short telomere length has been described to be associated with biological aging including atherosclerosis phenotypes. However, information in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is sparse. We therefore aimed to investigate whether inter-individual differences in relative telomere length (RTL) are associated with symptomatic PAD. We measured RTL by a ...
Peel Michael - - 2013
Cyclophilins (Cyps) are ubiquitous proteins that effect the cis-trans isomerization of Pro amide bonds, and are thus crucial to protein folding. CypA is the most prevalent of the ∼19 human Cyps, and plays a crucial role in viral infectivity, most notably for HIV-1 and HCV. Cyclophilins have been shown to ...
Kurashige Yuki - - 2013
It is a long-standing goal to understand the reaction mechanisms of catalytic metalloenzymes at an entangled many-electron level, but this is hampered by the exponential complexity of quantum mechanics. Here, by exploiting the special structure of physical quantum states and using the density matrix renormalization group, we compute near-exact many-electron ...
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