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Results 301 - 350 of 1287
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Danoun Grégory - - 2013
Copper capabilities: Diazonium salts are converted into the corresponding trifluoromethyl derivatives in the presence of a trifluoromethyl-copper complex generated in situ from CuSCN and the inexpensive, easy-to-use trifluoromethylating reagent Me3 Si-CF3 . This Sandmeyer-type reaction allows the straightforward synthesis of trifluoromethylated arenes and heteroarenes from the corresponding amines.
Mucci B B Department of Radiology, South Glasgow University Hospitals, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland, UK. - - 2013
Discrepancy meetings are an important aspect of clinical governance. The Royal College of Radiologists has published advice on how to conduct meetings, suggesting that discrepancies are scored using the scale: 0=no error, 1=minor error, 2=moderate error and 3=major error. We have noticed variation in scores attributed to individual cases by ...
Francioso Luca - - 2013
The present work highlights the progress in the field of polymeric package reliability engineering for a flexible thermoelectric generator realized by thin-film technology on a Kapton substrate. The effects of different plasma treatments on the mechanical performance at the interface of a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)/Kapton assembly were investigated. To increase the ...
Xiao Yanling - - 2013
Osteoclasts (OCs) are bone-resorbing cells that are formed from hematopoietic precursors. OCs ordinarily maintain bone homeostasis, but they can also cause major pathology in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Under homeostatic conditions, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) ligand on osteoblasts drives OC differentiation by interaction with its receptor RANK ...
Liao Yulong - - 2013
TiO2 films consisting of single-crystal anatase nanoparticles with exposed {001} facets were fabricated from anodized TiO2 nanotube arrays. The films' photocatalytic activities were further activated and then enhanced (∼2.5 times) by removing F(-) from the {001} facets. This study indicates that fluorine-free crystal surfaces are of great importance for the ...
Tsien Roger Y RY Department of Pharmacology, and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0647, USA. - - 2013
A hypothesis and the experiments to test it propose that very long-term memories, such as fear conditioning, are stored as the pattern of holes in the perineuronal net (PNN), a specialized ECM that envelops mature neurons and restricts synapse formation. The 3D intertwining of PNN and synapses would be imaged ...
Dvir Shlomi S Departments of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, - - 2013
The 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) of mRNAs contains elements that affect expression, yet the rules by which these regions exert their effect are poorly understood. Here, we studied the impact of 5'-UTR sequences on protein levels in yeast, by constructing a large-scale library of mutants that differ only in the 10 ...
Moore J K - - 2013
Abstract Context. An elevated troponin I (TnI) is associated with a poorer prognosis during critical illness. Objective. Our aims were to determine whether significant paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity was associated with an elevated TnI; if this elevation was persistent and was associated with worse clinical outcomes. Materials and methods. In this retrospective ...
Hwang Jungwon - - 2013
Pathogenic and commensal bacteria that experience limited nutrient availability in their host have evolved sophisticated systems to catabolize the mucin sugar N-acetylneuraminic acid, thereby facilitating their survival and colonization. The correct function of the associated catabolic machinery is particularly crucial for the pathogenesis of enteropathogenic bacteria during infection, although the ...
Kim J Y JY Department of Radiology, Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University, Daegu, Republic of - - 2013
To assess the properties of adrenal lesions with and without known primary cancer and investigate predictors for differential diagnosis between benign and malignant adrenal enlargement. This retrospective study used fluorine-18 fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET)/CT in 325 patients with adrenal lesions (229 with known primary cancer and 96 without primary ...
Mori S S Medical Physics Research Group, Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan. - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of variation in respiratory cycle between treatment planning and irradiation for pencil beam scanning and phase-controlled rescanning (PCR) on the resulting dose distribution, we conducted a simulation study based on four-dimensional CT (4DCT) data for lung cancer patients. 4DCT data were acquired for seven patients with ...
Karim Muhammad Ali - - 2013
The increasing prevalence of obesity has now become a global concern. Forecasts of its health and financial ramifications have prompted the need for effective interventions. Bariatric surgery is an effective measure to control obesity and its related comorbidities, but its high upfront costs have raised questions about its cost-effectiveness. In ...
Stringaris Argyris - - 2013
DSM-IV grants episodic irritability an equal status to low mood as a cardinal criterion for the diagnosis of depression in youth, yet not in adults; however, evidence for irritability as a major criterion of depression in youth is lacking. This article examines the prevalence, developmental characteristics, associations with psychopathology, and ...
Pineda Jane - - 2013
Family processes are a risk factor for suicide but few studies target this domain. We evaluated the effectiveness of a family intervention, the Resourceful Adolescent Parent Program (RAP-P) in reducing adolescent suicidal behavior and associated psychiatric symptoms. A preliminary randomized controlled trial compared RAP-P plus Routine Care (RC) to RC only, ...
Minai Omar A - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a known risk factor for perioperative complications. Unlike in the case of cardiac surgery, PH is currently not listed as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications in guidelines for the management of noncardiac surgery. Despite the paucity of data, though, patients with PH are often ...
Kirby William - - 2013
While placement of ink into the skin is a long-standing tradition, patients are now seeking tattoo removal on a more frequent basis. Once considered acceptable removal options, tattoo ink removal via physical destruction included dermabrasion, chemical destruction, salabrasion, thermal destruction, and cryotherapy. Now these options are used extremely infrequently. These ...
Maeda Koichi - - 2013
Even mild paravalvular leakage (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is associated with increased late mortality. Electrocardiogram-gated multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) enables detailed aortic annulus assessment. We describe the impact of MSCT for PVL following TAVR. Congruence between the prosthesis and annulus diameters affects PVL; therefore, we calculated the ...
Zakkerkish Mehrnoosh - - 2013
Introduction. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of albuminuria and its correlates and investigate disease management for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Ahvaz. Materials and Methods. This was a cross-sectional study on the 350 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending the Diabetes Clinic ...
Sanford Cynthia A CA Presbyterian Orthopaedic Hospital, Charlotte, NC, USA. - - 2013
As hospitals and healthcare have become specialized, so has nursing. Orthopaedic nurse certification is an example of this specialization. The purpose of this article is to describe the outcomes of one specialty hospital's implemented plan designed to encourage and support nurses seeking to demonstrate expertise in orthopaedic nursing practice. A ...
Imhof Matthias - - 2013
To investigate the efficacy and safety of the addition of the microdroplet technique to conventional injections for the treatment of crow's feet with incobotulinumtoxin A, four women with moderate-to-severe crow's feet at maximum expression received three standard intradermal injections of incobotulinumtoxin A on both sides of the face (4U [0.1mL] ...
Lok Zoe S Y - - 2013
Alkaptonuria is an autosomal recessive disorder of tyrosine metabolism, which results in accumulation of unmetabolized homogentisic acid and its oxidized product in various tissues, including the heart. Cardiovascular involvement is a rare but serious complication of the disease. We present two patients who have undergone successful aortic valve replacement for ...
Cohen Philip R PR The University of Houston Health Center, University of Houston, Houston, Texas; The Division of Dermatology, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California ; The Department of Dermatology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas ; The Department of Dermatology, University of Texas-Houston Medical School, Houston, - - 2013
The absence or loss of elastic fibers in the skin is referred to as dermal elastolysis. This paper describes a woman with a distinctive clinical presentation of mid-dermal elastolysis characterized morphologically by multiple horizontal raised bands on the lower back. A 20-year-old Filipino woman presented with multiple asymptomatic, flesh-colored, raised, ...
Alzahrani Haitham - - 2013
We describe the surgical management of a 35-year-old male with multiple coronary aneurysms and a diffuse form of supravalvular aortic stenosis who presented with acute myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction. The patient underwent a Bentall procedure with left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending artery bypass grafting with ...
Roberts Dottie - - 2013
The Orthopaedic Nurses Certification Board (ONCB) conducts a role delineation study (RDS) every 5 years. Results identify tasks performed by orthopaedic registered nurses, nurse practitioners, and clinical nurse specialists, and musculoskeletal health conditions commonly seen by patients under their care. The purpose of the study was to define current practice ...
Chesson Ralph - - 2013
Vaginal surgery is the true minimally invasive surgery in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP); however, the robotic industry and decreased resident training in vaginal surgery may result in the loss of skills among our graduates. There are a number of procedures that are well accepted in the management ...
Kasuga Masato - - 2013
In recent years, diabetes has been shown to be associated with cancer risk, and this has led to a joint committee being formed, enlisting experts from the Japan Diabetes Society and the Japanese Cancer Association to address this issue. Epidemiological data in Japan provides evidence to demonstrate that diabetes is ...
Tayebi-Khosroshahi Hamid - - 2013
We report a 16-year-old previously healthy boy who was admitted to hospital with fever, constitutional symptoms, purpura, additive arthritis, dysentery, rapid progressive renal failure, resembling Henoch- Schuenlein purpura, accompanied with retropharyngeal abscess. Kidney biopsy revealed rapid progressive glomerulonephritis with crescent formation, without immune deposition in immune fluorescent study. Serologic study ...
Kumar Anant - - 2013
Operations research is mainly applied to decision making in industries and corporations using quantitative methods to optimize production. The applications of operations research in social sciences research or health research in HIV, service delivery, and program performance improvement are minimal. Considering the complexity of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, it is imperative ...
Habib Rima R - - 2013
This research evaluated the association between women's self-rated health and a number of socioeconomic and environmental health indicators relating to drinking water services in an underserved Lebanese community. A population-based, cross-sectional survey using interviews was adopted to obtain information from female homemakers of 2,223 households in the town of Bebnine, ...
Alawwa Izzat A - - 2013
Hypertension is very common in kidney transplant patients; however, severe and resistant cases should raise suspicion of secondary causes. Pheochromocytomas are rare but serious tumors because of their lethal hypertensive and possible malignant nature. The diagnosis is occasionally elusive, but prompt diagnosis and localization is essential for definitive surgical management. ...
Yamatani Hide - - 2013
Major types of empirical errors reviewed by a number of leading research textbooks include discussions of Type I and Type II errors. However, applied human service researchers can commit other types of errors that should be avoided. The potential benefits of the applied, collaborative research (in contrast to traditional participatory ...
Saghafi Hossein - - 2013
Castleman disease (CD) is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder, first described in 1956. This case report describes a 27-year-old man with hyaline vascular unicentric CD, first presented with edema and hypertension. On initial evaluation for edema, 24-hour urine collection revealed 8200 mg/24 h protein excretion. Pathologic examination of the kidney specimen ...
Barwick Melanie - - 2013
Many children and adolescents with mental health problems do not receive the treatment they need. Unmet need raises questions about specific barriers that may prevent service use, and/or the characteristics of children and families who are less likely to receive care. Brief interventions or single-session psychotherapy delivered in a highly ...
Gheith Osama - - 2013
The recurrence rate of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis after kidney transplantation is ranging between 20% and 40%. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is associated with poor graft survival. In this review, the etiology, pathogenesis, clinicopathological features, risk factors of recurrence, and updated lines of management are discussed.
Groft Stephen C SC Offi ce of Rare Diseases Research, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-4874, USA. - - 2013
Extensive public-private partnerships, including the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the rare diseases community, which is seeing a renewed industry interest in smaller niche markets, have resulted in an increase of interventions for rare diseases. Significant collaborative efforts are required among the pharmaceutical industry, foundations, patient-advocacy groups, academic and ...
Jebadurai Jeshoor - - 2013
This study aimed to review the available evidence-based literature on novel psychoactive substances and to inform health care professionals. Internet searches were carried out using Google and Yahoo by using specific key words. For each set of key words, the first 100 websites identified by Google and Yahoo were fully ...
Ekramzadeh Maryam - - 2013
Introduction. Protein-energy malnutrition and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients, which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine exclusively produced by adipose tissue. The aim of this study was to further elucidate the association between serum adiponectin levels and the nutritional ...
McFadden Brenda B Kentucky One: University of Louisville Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky, - - 2013
The population of patients receiving posterior total hip arthroplasty (THA) is growing among middle-aged adults. Through literature review and a survey of colleagues, it has been presented that patients and medical staff tend not to discuss the effects of sexual activity on posterior THA. So the question arises, is the ...
Rupp Michael - - 2013
Postoperative patients have higher incidences of respiratory complications. Patients undergoing abdominal or thoracic surgical procedures are at greater risk of having such complications. Incentive spirometry is an inhalation-based prophylactic technique that encourages patients to mimic a natural deep sigh to periodically increase lung volume. As this technique is the prophylactic ...
Caudevilla-Gálligo Fernando - - 2013
The aim of this study was to describe the presence and composition of cathinone derivatives (CDs) in drug samples analyzed at a Drug Testing Service. Data provided by the Drug Testing Service at Energy Control (a Spanish organization working in risk reduction among recreational drug users) were obtained from samples ...
Changizi Ashtiyani Saeed - - 2013
Introduction. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Rosa canina L fruit extracts on histological damages, oxidative stress, and functional disturbances induced by bilateral renal ischemia and reperfusion. Materials and Methods. Ischemia and reperfusion were induced on the kidneys of anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats in the reperfusion ...
Ilic Milena - - 2013
The aim of this descriptive epidemiologic study was to analyze the mortality trends of female breast cancer in Serbia (excluding Kosovo and Metohia) from 1991 to 2010. Average annual percentage of change and the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) was computed for trend using linear models assuming a Poisson distribution. ...
Kapitány-Fövény Máté - - 2013
In the past 25-30 years, a large number of synthetic and non-synthetic drugs have appeared on the recreational scene, but with the exception of 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone), none of these substances reached the popularity of ecstasy [3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine, (MDMA)]. Authors aimed to determine the subjective effects of mephedrone in order to understand how ...
Rebollo Maria P - - 2013
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is an important public health problem endemic in 73 countries, where it is a major cause of acute and chronic morbidity and a significant impediment to socioeconomic development. It is targeted for elimination by 2020, through preventive chemotherapy using albendazole in combination with either ivermectin or diethylcarbamazine citrate. ...
González Débora - - 2013
To know the pattern of use of new psychoactive substances (NPSs) in a Spanish sample of research chemical (RC) users and to deepen the RC user profile and risk reduction strategies employed. This study is a cross-sectional survey by means of a specific questionnaire. Recruitment was carried out at music ...
Qian Feng F Section of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2013
The West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging infection of biodefense concern and there are no available treatments or vaccines. Here we used a high-throughput method based on a novel gene expression analysis, RNA-Seq, to give a global picture of differential gene expression by primary human macrophages of 10 healthy ...
Pollock Faith - - 2013
In acute diabetes conditions, management of the following 3 potential complications is required: diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, and iatrogenic hypoglycemia. The hyperglycemic crises diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state are the 2 most serious metabolic complications of diabetes. Hypoglycemia, specifically iatrogenic hypoglycemia, results from treatments that raise circulating insulin ...
Johnson Matthew G - - 2013
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) isolation from clinical specimens is the standard for TB diagnosis. Positive MTB cultures are rarely questioned, but false-positive culture rates range from 2% to 4%. In December 2011, two smear-negative, culture-positive TB cases were reported to the Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH) in people without TB ...
Mueller Elizabeth R - - 2013
This review summarizes the recent clinical trials that address the abdominal approach for treatment of uterine or vaginal vault prolapse following hysterectomy. Open abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) has improved anatomic and sexual functioning outcomes compared with the sacrospinous ligament suspension but this benefit comes with higher costs. Newer studies suggest that ...
Maya Juan J JJ CIDEIM International Center for Medical Research and Training, Cali, - - 2013
Enterobacteriaceae and non fermenting Gram-negative bacilli have become a threat to public health, in part due to their resistance to multiple antibiotic classes, which ultimately have led to an increase in morbidity and mortality. β-lactams are currently the mainstay for combating infections caused by these microorganisms, and β-lactamases are the ...
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