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Singhal Anjali - - 2013
Cryptococcus albidus shows delignification activity in nature. It was used for the biopulping of eucalyptus wood (Eucalyptus grandis) to access its potential for industrial application in the pulp and paper industry. Enzyme analysis on days 15, 30, and 60 showed the presence of laccase and xylanase as key enzymes. The ...
Doğaç Yasemin İspirli - - 2013
The scope of this study is to achieve carrier-bound immobilization of catalase onto magnetic particles (Fe3O4 and Fe2O3NiO2 · H2O) to specify the optimum conditions of immobilization. Removal of H2O2 and the properties of immobilized sets were also investigated. To that end, adsorption and then cross-linking methods onto magnetic particles were performed. ...
Samra Zahoor Qadir - - 2013
The uptake of iron is increased by cancer cells. Iron magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) can be used as a nanovehicle for immobilization of anticancer medicines and to integrate them at a target site. The anticancer medicines doxorubicin (DOX) and methotrexate (MTX) were immobilized separately and in combination onto MNP by a ...
Gashti Mazeyar Parvinzadeh - - 2013
This study investigated the changes induced on nylon 6,6 fabric by a mixture of proteolytic and lipolytic enzymes. Technical measurements were studied including those of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), weight loss (WL), bending lengths (BL), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), moisture absorbency (MA), and reflectance spectroscopy (RS). ...
Tapia Jaime M - - 2013
The sorption of Fe(II) and Fe(III) by extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) of acidophilic bacteria Acidiphilium 3.2Sup(5) and Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, harvested from the ecosystem of the Tinto River (Huelva, Spain), was investigated. EPS from mixed cultures of both bacteria (EPSmixed) and pure cultures of A. 3.2Sup(5) (EPSpure) were extracted with ethylenediamine ...
Pulicherla K K - - 2013
In the present investigation Thalassospira frigidphilosprofundus, a novel species from the deep waters of the Bay of Bengal, was explored for the production of cold-active β-galactosidase by submerged fermentation using marine broth medium as the basal medium. Effects of various medium constituents, namely, carbon, nitrogen source, pH, and temperature, were ...
Khanna Swati - - 2013
This article addresses the issue of effect of fermentation parameters for conversion of glycerol (in both pure and crude form) into three value-added products, namely, ethanol, butanol, and 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), by immobilized Clostridium pasteurianum and thereby addresses the statistical optimization of this process. The analysis of effect of different process ...
Lu P G - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this study was to study the effect of preconditioning with hyperbaric oxygen on neural cell apoptosis after spinal cord injury in rats at different times, and to study the mechanism of neuroprotection with hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning after spinal cord injury. Methods: Fifty-five adult Sprague-Dawley rats were ...
Raysi Dehcordi S - - 2013
Aim: Studies in the literature with specific information concerning the neuropsychological alterations in patients with high and low grade gliomas are poor. The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare the cognitive functioning in patients with high and low-grade glioma pre- and postoperatively. Methods: Between January 2009 ...
Falavigna A - - 2013
Surgical approaches to the thoracic spine have evolved in recent decades with the development of advanced instrumentation techniques and an increased emphasis on reducing surgical morbidity. Multiple methods to access this area have been described, from a conventional open to a more minimally invasive approach, such as anterior-based, via supra- ...
Massicotte E - - 2013
This review article provides a general overview of the role of minimal access spine surgery (MASS) in the context of spinal neoplastic disease. Illustrative cases included outline advances in new techniques with a focus on improved patient outcome. The article challenges the traditional indication for surgical decompression by considering the ...
Spoor A B - - 2013
Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 85%. The pathophysiology of LBP can be various depending on the underlying problem. Only in about 10% of the patients specific underlying disease processes can be identified. Patients with scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, herniated discs, adjacent disc disease, disc ...
Syre P - - 2013
Upper cervical spine injuries are commonly associated with trauma and require significant forces to produce. When these injuries occur they can have devastating functional consequences. The distinctive anatomy of the upper cervical spine leads injuries to occur in predictable patterns. Injuries can occur to the unique osseus structures or ligamentous ...
Chang V - - 2013
Aim: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common clinical entity that can be a significant cause of disability in the adult population. Although our CSM knowledge has markedly grown in recent years, a variety of controversies exist regarding the optimal treatment strategies. The goal of this paper is to review ...
Shao S - - 2013
Aim: The prevalence of pituitary adenomas (PAs) is increasing as the development of imaging techniques. Few studies systematically documented the profile of these tumors in Chinese population. Our study is aimed to investigate the clinical features of PAs including the clinicopathologies, manifestations, and tumor recurrence. Methods: A retrospective analysis of ...
Zafrullah Arifin M - - 2013
Head trauma is the most commonly seen trauma mechanism which has the highest mortality rate in traffic accident. More than 1000 cases are registered every year in our institution. The mechanical forces applied to the head can create simple wound, skull fracture, and intracranial bleeding. Many factors affect the outcome. ...
Ciruelos Eva - - 2013
Approximately 75% of patients with breast cancer present hormone receptor-positive tumors. This subtype of breast cancer initially shows a high overall response rate to hormonal treatments. However, resistance eventually develops, resulting in tumor progression. The PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway regulates several cellular functions in cancer such as cell growth, survival, and proliferation. ...
Haugner John C JC 3rd Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics & BioTechnology Institute, University of Minnesota, 1479 Gortner Ave, Saint Paul, MN 55108, - - 2013
An artificial RNA ligase specific to RNA with a 5'-triphosphate (PPP-RNA) exhibits broad sequence specificity on model substrates and secondary siRNAs with direct applications in the identification of PPP-RNAs through sequencing.
Warren Kenneth R - - 2013
The review article summarizes the mission of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) with focus on the NIAAA's current and future research version for alcoholic liver disease and alcoholic pancreatitis.
Yi Hyon-Seung - - 2013
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) have been considered as a major type of cells in liver fibrosis by producing a huge amount of extracellular matrix, especially collagen fibers, and profibrotic mediators such as transforming growth factor-beta, interleukin-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. Recently, accumulated evidence suggests that the liver is an ...
Tikhanovich Irina - - 2013
The forkhead box transcription factor class O (FOXO) family represents a group of transcription factors that is required for a number of stress-related transcriptional programs including antioxidant response, gluconeogenesis, cell cycle control, apoptosis, and autophagy. The liver utilizes several FOXO-dependent pathways to adapt to its routine cycles of feeding and ...
Crown J - - 2013
This phase IB, open-label, dose-escalation study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and optimally tolerated regimen (OTR) of lapatinib in combination with docetaxel and trastuzumab in patients with previously untreated stage IV metastatic breast cancer (MBC) tumors overexpressing human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Evaluated dose regimens included lapatinib (500-1500 mg/day), ...
Lehtinen Jaakko - - 2013
In this study, a novel approach combining different techniques, including Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS) with an interferometric cantilever microphone, and principal component analysis (PCA) along with a proper data preprocessing procedure, have been used in the investigation of hair samples for cocaine abuse. Hair fibers from ...
Merk Sven - - 2013
A method based on matching synthetic and experimental emissivity spectra was applied to spatially resolved measurements of a laser-induced plasma ignited in argon at atmospheric pressure. The experimental emissivity spectra were obtained by Abel inversion of intensity spectra measured from a thin plasma slice perpendicular to the plasma axis. The ...
Kleeblatt Juliane - - 2013
The photoionization properties of the pharmaceutically relevant substances amantadine, diazepam, dimethyltryptamine, etomidate, ketamine, mescaline, methadone, and propofol were determined. At beamline U125/2-10m-NIM of the BESSY II synchrotron facility (Berlin, Germany) vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photoionization spectra were recorded in the energy range 7.1 to 11.9 eV (174.6 to 104.2 nm), showing ...
Rodríguez Silvio D - - 2013
The interaction of 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (vanillin) and Hylon VII due to the formation of an inclusion complex is studied using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and circular dichroism (CD). The results confirm the close interaction among the different functional groups of vanillin and its host. In addition, ...
Maroni Victor A - - 2013
The novel, lithium-rich oxide-phase Li5FeO4 (LFO) could, in theory, deliver a specific capacity >900 mAh/g when deployed as a cathode or cathode precursor in a battery with a lithium-based anode. However, research results to date on LFO indicate that less than one of the five Li(+) cations can be reversibly ...
Guo Qiaohan - - 2013
A spectral synthesis strategy is introduced to help obtain estimates of path-integrated concentrations in passive Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) remote sensing measurements conducted during field-monitoring experiments. Obtaining quantitative information from passive infrared data is challenging because of the joint effects of temperature and concentration on spectral intensities. The collection of ...
Fernández-Ahumada Elvira - - 2013
This research work investigated new methods to improve the accuracy of intact feed calibrations for the near-infrared (NIR) prediction of the ingredient composition. When NIR reflection spectroscopy, together with linear models, was used for the prediction of the ingredient composition, the results were not always acceptable. Therefore, other methods have ...
Huang Kaijin - - 2013
Palladium-doped nano-γ-Fe2O3 films were printed on Al2O3 substrates by screen printing-injecting hybrid technology. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy techniques were used to characterize the phase structures and morphologies of the films, respectively. The sensitivity of the films to 100 ppm formaldehyde in air was investigated. The surface adsorption and ...
Chen Xiaoyun - - 2013
There has been rapid growth in the application of in situ optical spectroscopy techniques for reaction and process monitoring recently in both academia and industry. Vibrational spectroscopies such as mid-infrared, near-infrared spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy have proven to be versatile and informative. Accurate determination of concentrations, based on highly overlapped ...
James Timothy M - - 2013
An integrated concept for post-acquisition spectrum analysis was developed for in-line (real-time) and off-line applications that preserves absolute spectral quantification; after the initializing parameter setup, only minimal user intervention is required. This spectral evaluation suite is composed of a sequence of tasks specifically addressing cosmic ray removal, background subtraction, and ...
Kaszewska Ewa A - - 2013
A detailed feasibility study on the combined use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with optical coherence tomography (LIBS/OCT), aiming at a realistic depth-resolved elemental analysis of multilayer stratigraphies in paintings, is presented. Merging a high spectral resolution LIBS system with a high spatial resolution spectral OCT instrument significantly enhances the quality ...
Zhang Jing - - 2013
Ferron dosage ([Ferron]) is key to ferron-timed spectrophotometry (ferron assay). In order to clarify some important questions, the following studies were conducted: (1) The effect of [Ferron] on the sensitivity of total aluminum (AlT) determination was experimentally investigated and (27)Al nuclear magnetic resonance ((27)Al NMR) spectroscopy was used to verify ...
González-Cabo Pilar - - 2013
Neurological examination indicates that Friedreich's ataxia corresponds to a mixed sensory and cerebellar ataxia, which affects the proprioceptive pathways. Neuropathology and pathophysiology of Friedreich's ataxia involves the peripheral sensory nerves, dorsal root ganglia, posterior columns, the spinocerebellar, and corticospinal tracts of the spinal cord, gracile and cuneate nuclei, dorsal nuclei ...
Cnop Miriam - - 2013
Diabetes is a common metabolic disorder in patients with Friedreich ataxia. In this Supplement article, we review the clinical data on diabetes in Friedreich ataxia, and the experimental data from rodent and in vitro models of the disease. Increased body adiposity and insulin resistance are frequently present in Friedreich ataxia, ...
Lane Dorothy S - - 2013
Current and pending legislation provides colorectal cancer screening reimbursement for previously uninsured populations. Colonoscopy is currently the screening method most frequently recommended by physicians for insured patients. The experience of the SCOPE (Suffolk County Preventive Endoscopy) demonstration project (Project SCOPE) at Stony Brook University Medical Center provides a model for ...
Tangka Florence K L - - 2013
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initiated the Colorectal Cancer Screening Demonstration Program (CRCSDP) to explore the feasibility of establishing a large-scale colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program for underserved populations in the United States. The authors of this report assessed the clinical costs incurred at each of the 5 ...
Rohan Elizabeth A - - 2013
Colorectal cancer, as the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among men and women in the United States, represents an important area for public health intervention. Although colorectal cancer screening can prevent cancer and detect disease early when treatment is most effective, few organized public health screening programs have been ...
Villanueva Robert - - 2013
Maryland, excluding Baltimore City, began public health screening for colorectal cancer in 2000. Initiating colorectal cancer screening in Baltimore City was an objective in the Maryland Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) funding announcement for the "Colorectal Cancer Screening Demonstration Program" (CRCSDP) was seen ...
Boehm Jennifer E - - 2013
In 2005, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded 5 sites as part of the Colorectal Cancer Screening Demonstration Program (CRCSDP) to provide colorectal cancer screening to low-income, uninsured, and underinsured individuals. Funded sites experienced unexpected challenges in recruiting patients for services. The authors conducted a longitudinal, qualitative ...
Glover-Kudon Rebecca - - 2013
In 2005 through 2009, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded 5 sites to implement a colorectal cancer screening program for uninsured, low-income populations. These 5 sites composed a demonstration project intended to explore the feasibility of establishing a national colorectal cancer screening program through various service delivery ...
Seeff Laura C - - 2013
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established and supported a 4-year Colorectal Cancer Screening Demonstration Program (CRCSDP) from 2005 to 2009 for low-income, under- or uninsured men and women aged 50-64 at 5 sites in the United States. A multiple methods evaluation was conducted including 1) a longitudinal, ...
Hewitt M - - 2013
Abstract The ability of a compound to cause adverse effects to the liver is one of the most common reasons for drug development failures and the withdrawal of drugs from the market. Such adverse effects can vary tremendously in severity, leading to an array of possible drug-induced liver injuries (DILIs). ...
Zhang Qiu-Xiang - - 2013
To isolate and identify antioxidant peptides from enzymatically hydrolysed whey protein, whey protein isolate was hydrolysed by different protease (trypsin, pepsin, alcalase 2·4L, promatex, flavourzyme, protease N). The hydrolysate generated by alcalase 2·4L had the highest antioxidant activities on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals, superoxide radicals and in a linoleic acid peroxidation ...
Skuk Daniel - - 2013
Engraftment of intramuscularly transplanted myogenic cells in mice can be optimized after induction of massive myofiber damage that triggers myofiber regeneration and recruitment of grafted cells; this generally involves either myotoxin injection or cryodamage. There are no effective methods to produce a similar process in the muscles of large mammals ...
Gähler Anita - - 2013
Coagulation assays are prone to pre-analytical problems and results may be influenced by varying clinical and pharmaceutical aspects. Particularly anticoagulants interact with coagulation testing in many ways. Thromboplastin time will be prolonged dose-dependently in patients taking vitamin K antagonists; moreover the new oral anticoagulants have been shown to have variable ...
Méndez Adriana - - 2013
In the last few decades we have seen a significant decrease in the rates of analytical errors in clinical laboratories. The test performances have improved, new parameters have been introduced, as well as internal and external quality controls have been used for the monitoring of accuracy. Currently available evidence demonstrates ...
Risch Lorenz - - 2013
When it comes to interpret parameters of electrolyte balance and kidney function, it is important to keep pathophysiology and the theory on reference intervals in mind. Hyponatremia is most often caused by excess water. A low sodium concentration in urine should prompt a clinical evaluation of volume status. In case ...
Cui Yan - - 2013
A high rate of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in China is mainly caused by perinatal or early childhood transmission. Administration of universal HBV vaccination in infants has led to a dramatic decrease in HBV epidemiology, with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) prevalence declining from 9.75% in 1992 to ...
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