Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1239
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Kallianos A - - 2013
Current evidence supports an association between Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS), insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular disorders. The relationship is complex and still remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to examine the potential correlation of sleep characteristics with glucose and arterial pressure values ...
Metz C H - - 2013
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular tumour in Caucasians. There are approximately 500 new cases of uveal melanoma in Germany per year and the incidence rate peaks at the age of 70 years. Half of all uveal melanoma patients develop metastatic disease, which can be observed even many ...
Wong-Hammond Laca - - 2013
To succeed in today's complex economic environment, a not-for-profit health system requires an effective strategic capital planning process that harmonizes three elements: The organization's long-term business plan and mission. Existing financial resources and finance options available to support the organization's business plan. Financial risk and return on equity to the ...
Bayod Javier - - 2013
Background: We used finite element analysis to evaluate three techniques for the correction of hammertoe and claw toe deformities: flexor digitorum longus tendon transfer (FDLT), flexor digitorum brevis tendon transfer (FDBT), and proximal interphalangeal joint arthrodesis (PIPJA). Methods: We performed a finite element analysis of FDLT and FDBT compared with ...
Valdez Carmen R CR Department of Counseling Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2013
Although restrictive immigration policy is intended to reduce incentives for unauthorized immigrants to remain in the United States, many immigrants remain in their U.S. community despite the anti-immigration climate surrounding them. This study explores motivations shaping immigrants' intentions to stay in Arizona after passage of Senate Bill 1070 in 2010, ...
Gaya Josep M - - 2013
Androgen deprivation therapy is the standard of care for the initial treatment of metastatic prostate cancer. However, the majority of these patients live long enough to experience disease progression despite castration. This scenario is defined as castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and has a poor outcome and limited options for treatment. ...
Yang Li-Yu LY Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, - - 2013
Kyphoplasty reduces the pain caused by osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). Although the procedure is typically carried out using a bilateral approach, it is now increasingly performed using a unilateral approach because of the concern for long-term adverse effects. However, little evidence is available to demonstrate superior safety of the ...
Lauche R R Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany. - - 2013
This paper aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the effectiveness of Tai Chi for osteoarthritis of the knee. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus, PsycInfo and CAMBASE were screened through April 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing Tai Chi to control conditions were included. Two authors independently assessed risk of ...
Consolver Patricia - - 2013
Realizing that data integrity and patient information accuracy are crucial to proper payment, Texas Health Resources reduced its duplicate patient records by 21 percent to achieve cleaner claims and faster cash flow. Here are five ways the 13-hospital system met this challenge.
Cherrie John W - - 2013
Exposure to low-toxicity dusts, which have previously been viewed as 'nuisance dusts', can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or other nonmalignant respiratory disease. In Britain, the 'de facto' airborne exposure limits for these dusts have remained unchanged for >30 years; currently, they are 10mg m(-3) for inhalable dust and 4mg ...
Li Shao-Guang - - 2013
Disability and death following hip fracture is becoming more common as the population ages. Previous reports have focused on the selection of internal fixation methods and the analysis of the perioperative therapeutic results in the Chinese population. Few studies have focused on factors influencing medium and long term survival after ...
Burgazli K M - - 2013
Surgical valve replacement is the most commonly performed for aortic stenosis. Randomized trials comparing stentless to stented bioprostheses for aortic valve replacement in elderly are scarce. The aim of our study was comparing and evaluating the early hemodynamic performances of Hancock™ stented and FreeStyle™ stentless xenograft aortic valves in aortic ...
Robinson Joan - - 2013
Eco-paediatrics is an occasional feature in Evidence-Based Child Health: A Cochrane Review Journal. Our goal is to contribute to the worldwide discussion on reducing waste in health care. In each instalment, we will select a recent Cochrane review highlighting a practice, still in use, which the available evidence tells us ...
Jormfeldt Henrika - - 2013
Patient education in mental health care is a conventional intervention to increase patients' knowledge about their illness and treatment. A provider-centered focus in patient education may put patients in a passive role, which can counteract their processes of recovery. There is an increasing emphasis on recovery-oriented practice, an approach that ...
Arendas Kristina - - 2013
Objective: To determine if the opinion of obstetrics and gynaecology postgraduate trainees differs from practising gynaecologists with respect to the expected endoscopic surgical skill set of a general gynaecologist upon graduation from residency. Methods: An electronic survey was designed, validated, and pre-tested. It was sent to 775 Canadian obstetrics and ...
Balaban Muhsin - - 2013
Metastatic malignant melanoma of the prostate is extremely rare in clinical practice, and only one case has been reported in the English literature in the past 30 years. We report a case of malignant melanoma that metastasized to the prostate and review the current literature. A 50-year-old man with a ...
Yokohama Noriya - - 2013
This report was aimed at structuring the design of architectures and studying performance measurement of a parallel computing environment using a Monte Carlo simulation for particle therapy using a high performance computing (HPC) instance within a public cloud-computing infrastructure. Performance measurements showed an approximately 28 times faster speed than seen ...
Bucher Hans Ulrich - - 2013
Neonatology is a form of general medicine which focuses on the beginning of life and lays its main emphasis on the conversion from intrauterine to extrauterine life. Over the last 50 years, the neonatal mortality in Switzerland dropped from 25 to 3 per one-thousand liveborns. Today, the greatest challenges are ...
Sabhaney Vikram - - 2013
These are commentaries on a Cochrane review, published in this issue of EBCH, first published as: Schuetz P, Müller B, Christ-Crain M, Stolz D, Tamm M, Bouadma L, Luyt CE, Wolff M, Chastre J, Tubach F, Kristoffersen KB, Burkhardt O, Welte T, Schroeder S, Nobre V, Wei L, Bhatnagar N, ...
Respress Brandon N - - 2013
Conventional behavior theories that assert adolescent risk behaviors are determined by peer and parental relationships are being challenged as research begins to consider broader socioenvironmental factors. This study, using data from the Longitudinal Study for Adolescent Health (Add Health), Wave II, Public Use Data, and the Social Determinants of Adolescent ...
Wiles Lynn L - - 2013
Newly graduated nurses (NGNs) are thrust into roles that some purport they are inadequately prepared to handle. This study investigated the experience of NGNs as they made clinical judgments in the critical care setting. Three themes emerged: developing confidence in practice, seeking assistance, and decision making. Nursing professional development educators ...
Bestges B-B - - 2013
Background: Many people depend on additional help to maintain their daily needs. In these circumstances preventive medical check-ups are frequently not attended, so that disease development may remain undetected until advanced stages or correctable disorders may not be treated. A fully anonymised cross-sectional study was set up to assess feasibility ...
Kowalkowska Joanna - - 2013
The food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the food record (FR) are among the most common methods used in dietary research. It is important to know that is it possible to use both methods simultaneously in dietary assessment and prepare a single, comprehensive interpretation. The aim of this study was to ...
Haridas Rp - - 2013
The laryngeal plug is a little-known device developed by Arthur E. Guedel in the 1930s. The device was an alternative to the inflatable cuff used on tracheal tubes. Guedel did not publish a description of the laryngeal plug and the most detailed description of it was published by Gilbert Troup, ...
Cocuzza S - - 2013
Moschcowitz's syndrome or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a quite rare pathology in childhood, being, as a matter of fact, more frequent among adult people. Often it is hard to distinguish from other pathologies in children both for its rare incidence and for the presence of clinical forms that are very ...
Berman Lani - - 2013
Gainsharing initiatives stalled in the past due to legal concerns, but they are enjoying a renaissance as part of broader initiatives, such as accountable care organizations and bundled payments. In the past, with so much of the focus on the legal aspects of gainsharing, the potential of gainsharing to preserve ...
Zarate Carlos C Experimental Therapeutics & Pathophysiology Branch, Division of Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, and Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2013
Clinical depression is a serious mental disorder characterized by low mood, anhedonia, loss of interest in daily activities, and other symptoms, and is associated with severe consequences including suicide and increased risk of cardiovascular events. Depression affects nearly 15% of the population. The standard of care for the last 50 ...
Hu Xu-Dong - - 2013
To review the current status and progress on nuclear medical molecular imaging of angiogenesis. A literature search was performed in Medline and PubMed published in English up to May 31, 2012. The search terms were molecular imaging, nuclear medicine and angiogenesis. Articles studying molecular imaging of angiogenesis using radionuclide were ...
Beszterczey Sara - - 2013
Objective: We examined the relationship of socially maladaptive behaviors with decision making and psychopathy in a sample of 26 high-risk males recently released from incarceration who were currently clients in an offender reentry service program. Method: The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) provided measures of ...
Mann Lance - - 2013
Purchasing fraud leads to significant losses for healthcare entities and damages the reputation of the industry. Designing and implementing an effective internal control environment helps reduce the risk of fraud. An effective control environment includes a variety of policies, procedures, strategies, and tactics.
Yao Min - - 2013
Background: Integra bilayer wound matrix (IBWM) is a bilayer skin replacement system composed of a dermal regeneration layer and a temporary epidermal layer. It is used to treat various types of deep, large wounds via an inpatient procedure in an operating room. We sought to determine ease of use and ...
David E J R - - 2013
Because of the long colonial history of Filipinos and the highly Americanized climate of postcolonial Philippines, many scholars from various disciplines have speculated that colonialism and its legacies may play major roles in Filipino emigration to the United States. However, there are no known empirical studies in psychology that specifically ...
Anastasiadis Anastasios - - 2013
Biopsy of the prostate is a common procedure with minor complications that are usually self-limited. However, if one considers that millions of men undergo biopsy worldwide, one realizes that although complication rate is low, the number of patients suffering from biopsy complications should not be underestimated and can be a ...
Chandra Ronil V - - 2013
Although over 300 articles have been published annually on vertebral augmentation in the last 5 years, there remains much debate about a fundamental question - is vertebral augmentation a safe and effective treatment to achieve analgesia, reduce disability, and improve quality of life in patients with a vertebral fracture? In ...
Niu Y-F - - 2013
Iliac bone graft harvesting is a common procedure in spinal surgery and trauma center for spinal fusion and nonunion of the extremities. To compare the pain and cosmetic outcomes of patients undergoing iliac crest anatomical reconstruction using equivalent iliac crest allograft (R group) with those of patients without reconstruction of ...
Robertson Jeanette - - 2013
This is a commentary on a Cochrane review, published in this issue of EBCH, first published as: Offringa M, Newton R. Prophylactic drug management for febrile seizures in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD003031. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003031.pub2.
Esteghamati A - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association of osteoprotegerin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) with glycemic indices and diabetes status. A total of 44 normoalbuminuric Type 1 diabetic patients and 44 healthy control subjects, matched for age, body mass index, sex ratio, and lipid measures ...
Wittmann-Price Ruth - - 2013
The professional development department members are instrumental in leading nursing research and quality improvement projects. Rarely do academic nurse researchers know the staff, culture, and capabilities of an organization like the members of the staff development department. Developing a collaborative program using the talents of the professional development department members ...
Müller Margrit - - 2013
Epilepsy is a common and chronic disease which affects persons at every age. Even though medication can prevent seizures, epilepsy has implications for daily living. Sorrows, increased depression rates and restrictions in everyday life were documented among family caregivers of adult persons with epilpesy. To date, no study investigated how ...
Stanghellini Vincenzo - - 2013
Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic functional disorder with a complex etiology and multiple overlapping symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized by long-lasting abdominal pain or discomfort, abnormal bowel habits and typically inadequate response to many of the available therapies.
Prabhakar Hemanshu - - 2013
Failure to respond to antiepileptic drugs in uncontrolled seizure activity such as refractory status epilepticus (RSE) has led to the use of anaesthetic drugs. Coma is induced with anaesthetic drugs to achieve complete control of seizure activity. Thiopental sodium and propofol are popularly used for this purpose. Both agents have ...
Bell Julie A - - 2013
Positive patient outcomes require effective teamwork, communication, and technological literacy. These skills vary among the unprecedented five generations in the nursing workforce, spanning the "Silent Generation" nurses deferring retirement to the newest "iGeneration." Nursing professional development educators must understand generational differences; address communication, information technology, and team-building competencies across generations; ...
Eberhardt Doris - - 2013
An appropriate postoperative wound management helps to prevent surgical site infections. However, ideal timing of dressing removal is an unresolved issue in current practice. The objective of this systematic review therefore was to provide a comprehensive synthesis of existing evidence concerning the efficacy of different periods of postoperative dressing removal ...
Fan Jian-Xia - - 2013
The importance of diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy has been widely recognized. Our study was designed to compare two different detection reagents between Abbott and Roche and to establish the gestationalrelated reference intervals for thyroid function tests (TFT) in Chinese women and to assay the reference ranges with the ...
Thomas Ayanna K AK Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA. - - 2013
The present research compared metamemorial monitoring processes among younger adults, nondemented older adults, and older adults diagnosed with early stage Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type (DAT). In three experiments we examined the influence of intrinsic and extrinsic cues on Judgment of Learning (JOL) accuracy. Changes in association strength between cue-target ...
Mandal Soumendra Nath - - 2013
A 16-year-old female presented with dribbling of urine along with voluntary voiding since birth. Renal imaging revealed hydroureteronephrosis on the right side; the uterus and ovary were normal. A radionuclide scan showed a left nonfunctional kidney. On cystovaginoscopy, the urethra was shown to be normal and the urinary bladder was ...
Sasaki Motoharu - - 2013
At present, every manufacturer of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) equipment uses multi-leaf collimators (MLCs); however, each company's intensity modulation methods and dose calculation algorithms differ. This study used four typical radiation treatment planning systems (RTPSs) employed domestically for prostate IMRT plans to carry out 15 case studies by one ...
Wang Yang - - 2013
Vertebroplasty (VP) and kyphoplasty (KP) are emerging procedures for almost immediate pain relief when treating osteoporotic or osteolytic fractures. The main reported complication is polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) leakage, which may lead to compression of neural structures or embolism. Different authors have proposed that intravertebral pressure (IP) is an important factor determining ...
Lehmann Kuno - - 2013
In patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) offers a chance for long term survival in well selected patients. During cytoreductive surgery, all macroscopically visible tumors needs to be resected before HIPEC is performed in the same procedure. The aim of HIPEC is eradication of ...
Wu Ren-Yi - - 2013
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) could activate chloride channels in bovine ciliary body and trigger an increase in the ionic current (short-circuit current, Isc) across the ciliary processes in pigs. The purpose of this study was to investigate how cAMP modulates Isc in isolated human ciliary processes and the possible involvement ...
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