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Results 301 - 350 of 1237
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Yao Min - - 2013
Background: Integra bilayer wound matrix (IBWM) is a bilayer skin replacement system composed of a dermal regeneration layer and a temporary epidermal layer. It is used to treat various types of deep, large wounds via an inpatient procedure in an operating room. We sought to determine ease of use and ...
Fong Shirley S M - - 2013
Background: This study aims to investigate the effect of taekwondo footwear on unilateral stance stability and use of postural control strategies and to determine whether taekwondo footwear influences the somatosensory inputs for postural stability and postural strategies in young adults. Methods: A quasi-randomized crossover trial was conducted on 33 healthy ...
Gijon-Nogueron Gabriel A - - 2013
Background: Women's feet change during pregnancy owing to hormonal and anatomical changes, thus having a strong influence on the decrease in their quality of life during pregnancy. This preliminary study aimed to value the anthropometric and positional changes that affect their feet. Methods: Ten pregnant women were measured during their ...
Patry Jérôme - - 2013
Background: Clinical recommendations for the prevention and healing of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are somewhat clear. However, assessment and quantification of the mechanical stress responsible for DFU remain complex. Different pressure variables have been described in the literature to better understand plantar tissue stress exposure. This article reviews the role ...
Vukic Tamara - - 2013
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries of the bone that are most often seen in athletes and military personnel. These types of injuries seem to be commonly missed or delayed in diagnosis. Physicians should consider the possibility of such an injury while determining the diagnosis of a long-lasting foot pain. ...
Chang Janet - - 2013
The present study utilized data from the National Latino and Asian American Study to examine ethnic and generational differences in family cultural conflict and family cohesion and how the effects of such family conflict and cohesion on lifetime service use vary by generation status for Latino Americans (n = 2,554) ...
Nakamura Nadine - - 2013
Asians are the largest racial minority in Canada making up 11% of the population and represented over 60% of new immigrants between 2001 and 2006. We examined the experiences of community integration for first-generation (n = 27) and second-generation (n = 22) Asian Canadian men who have sex with men ...
Ojeda Lizette - - 2013
Limited research exists on day laborers' mental health. This study identifies relevant factors that influence the life satisfaction of 143 predominantly undocumented Latino male day laborers. Findings demonstrated the importance of familismo, spirituality, work satisfaction, perceived health, and perceived discrimination on life satisfaction. Given the deleterious impact discrimination can have ...
David E J R - - 2013
Because of the long colonial history of Filipinos and the highly Americanized climate of postcolonial Philippines, many scholars from various disciplines have speculated that colonialism and its legacies may play major roles in Filipino emigration to the United States. However, there are no known empirical studies in psychology that specifically ...
Mukherjee Sahana - - 2013
We examined whether support for tough immigration legislation reflects identity-neutral enforcement of law or identity-relevant defense of privilege. Participants read a fabricated news story in which law-enforcement personnel detained a person due to "reasonable suspicion" that he was an undocumented immigrant. We manipulated descriptions of the detainee so that he ...
Reyna Christine - - 2013
Americans' conflicted attitudes toward immigrants and immigration has stymied immigration reform for decades. In this article, we explore the nuanced nature of stereotypes about immigrants and how they relate to ambivalent attitudes toward immigrant groups and the disparate array of immigration policies that affect them. Using item response theory and ...
Bogen Etai M - - 2013
Since the initial development of telegraphy by Sir Charles Wheatstone in 1837 and the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1875, doctors have been able to convey medical information across great distances. The exchange and sharing of medical information has evolved and adapted to suit the vast array of today's ...
Anastasiadis Anastasios - - 2013
Biopsy of the prostate is a common procedure with minor complications that are usually self-limited. However, if one considers that millions of men undergo biopsy worldwide, one realizes that although complication rate is low, the number of patients suffering from biopsy complications should not be underestimated and can be a ...
Mahner Sven - - 2013
Due to an increasing incidence with concurrently decreasing age at onset, vulvar cancer represents a current challenge for gynecologic oncologists. Positive lymph nodes of the groins have been proven to be the most important prognostic factor for affected patients, significantly impairing overall survival. Distinct criteria for indication of adjuvant therapy ...
van den Einden Loes Cg - - 2013
Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma, its precursor lesions (usual and differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia) and lichen sclerosus are rare diseases that may have a large impact on the lives of affected women and their partners. Proper identification is vital, but the lesions are sometimes difficult to diagnose because of their rarity ...
Bernhardsdottir Johanna - - 2013
A study of a brief cognitive behavioral group therapy intervention for psychologically distressed Icelandic female university students was conducted using a pre-post test quasi-experimental design with intervention and control group conditions. Students were randomly allocated to control and intervention group conditions (n = 30). The intervention group received four sessions ...
Banks Joanne - - 2013
Self-silencing theory suggests that women ignore their own feelings and needs to attend to the desires of others. However, the impact of such self-silencing on physical activity behavior is unknown. This study examined the degree of self-silencing among a group of highly educated and relatively affluent African American women and ...
Sen Subhrojit - - 2013
Abstract North American ginseng (NAG) has received increasing attention as an alternative medicine for the treatment of diabetes. Extract of the NAG root has been reported to possess antidiabetic properties, but the underlying mechanisms for such effects have not been identified. Here we investigated the effects of NAG root extract ...
Uma Sundaram - - 2013
Abstract Mucuna pruriens, an underutilized native legume of South India has been reported to have high levels of L-Dopa, and used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Cellular damage arising from reactive oxygen and nitrogen species is said to cause neurodegenerative disorders. Antioxidants could assuage this oxidative damage of tissue ...
Vetvicka Vaclav - - 2013
Abstract Despite the rather common presence of humic acid (HA), our full knowledge of its biological effect is still lacking. In this article, we first performed a physicochemical characterization of several HAs, and next, we evaluated their ability to affect interleukin-2 secretion, antibody secretion, wound healing (an in vitro model ...
Cui Hao Zhen - - 2013
Abstract Lycopus lucidus Turcz has been widely used as a traditional Oriental medicine (TOM) in Korea and China and prescribed for the enhancement of heart function. However, the precise effects have yet to be defined. The purpose of the present study was, therefore, to address whether the ethanol extract of ...
Klamer Silke - - 2013
Objective: Episodic memory processes can be investigated using different functional MRI (fMRI) paradigms. The purpose of the present study was to examine correlations between neuropsychological memory test scores and BOLD signal changes during fMRI scanning using three different memory tasks. Method: Twenty-eight right-handed healthy subjects underwent three paradigms, (a) a ...
Kim Eun-Joo - - 2013
Objective: Motor intentional disorders (MIDs) are characterized by dysfunction in the preparation, initiation, maintenance, and termination of goal-oriented actions. In this study, we investigated (1) whether patients with right hemisphere strokes (RHS) and left hemisphere strokes (LHS) differ in the frequency of delayed action initiation (hypokinesia) and motor impersistence; (2) ...
Reade Clare J - - 2013
Objective: Performing risk-reducing salpingectomy (RRS) at the time of hysterectomy or as a method of tubal ligation has been suggested as a way to reduce the incidence of high grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) of the ovary, since this type of cancer is hypothesized to originate in the fallopian tube. We ...
Bigler Erin D - - 2013
Objective: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a method to identify and quantify abnormalities resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI). MRI abnormalities in children with TBI have not been fully characterized according to the frequency, location, and quantitative measurement of a range of pathologies critical for studies of neuropsychological outcome. Here, ...
Lee Marette H - - 2013
Objective: To review recurrence patterns and survival outcomes of women receiving preoperative radiotherapy for clinical stage II endometrial cancer in British Columbia. Methods: We performed a retrospective population-based cohort study of all patients with clinical stage II endometrial cancer who were referred to the British Columbia Cancer Agency from 2000 ...
Arendas Kristina - - 2013
Objective: To determine if the opinion of obstetrics and gynaecology postgraduate trainees differs from practising gynaecologists with respect to the expected endoscopic surgical skill set of a general gynaecologist upon graduation from residency. Methods: An electronic survey was designed, validated, and pre-tested. It was sent to 775 Canadian obstetrics and ...
Ansado Jennyfer - - 2013
Objective: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects the corpus callosum (CC), which plays a key role in interhemispheric coupling in high-demand conditions. Using 3D callosal measurements and a letter-matching paradigm, this 2-part study investigated the neural substrate of interhemispheric coupling in individuals with AD or amnestic ...
Jumah Naana Afua - - 2013
Objective: To assess Canadian obstetrics and gynaecology residents' knowledge of and experience in Indigenous women's health (IWH), including a self-assessment of competency, and to assess the ability of residency program directors to provide a curriculum in IWH and to assess the resources available to support this initiative. Methods: Surveys for ...
Rabinowitz Amanda R - - 2013
Objective: Inconsistent performance is associated with cognitive dysfunction in a number of clinical populations. However, intraindividual cognitive variability in healthy individuals is poorly understood. Inconsistency poses a challenge to clinicians when interpreting change over time. This study examined intraindividual cognitive variability within a sample of college athletes tested at baseline ...
Beszterczey Sara - - 2013
Objective: We examined the relationship of socially maladaptive behaviors with decision making and psychopathy in a sample of 26 high-risk males recently released from incarceration who were currently clients in an offender reentry service program. Method: The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) provided measures of ...
Metz C H - - 2013
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular tumour in Caucasians. There are approximately 500 new cases of uveal melanoma in Germany per year and the incidence rate peaks at the age of 70 years. Half of all uveal melanoma patients develop metastatic disease, which can be observed even many ...
Kouno Tomohiro - - 2013
Image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) is an increasingly commonly adopted technique. As a result, however, total patient dose is increasing rapidly, especially when kV-cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is applied. This study investigated the dosimetry of kV-CBCT using a Farmer ionization chamber with a (60)Co absorbed-dose calibration factor. The absorbed-dose measurements were ...
Nakaguchi Yuji - - 2013
In this article, we present a physical characterization of the agility(™) (Elekta). agility(™) is composed of 160 interdigitating multileaf collimators (MLCs) with a width of 5 mm at the isocenter. The physical characterizations that include leaf position accuracy, leakage, field penumbra and the tongue-and-groove (T&G) effect were evaluated using well-commissioned ...
Nishikubo Naotsugu - - 2013
Purpose: Advances in computed tomography (CT) technology make it possible to obtain left ventricular wall motion using 3D reconstruction. In this study, we compared the images obtained from CT and (201)Tl electrocardiogram (ECG) gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Methods: In 20 patients with ischemic heart disease, we performed ...
Yasuda Mitsuyoshi - - 2013
Purpose: In this report, we evaluated whether radiological technologists' (RTs') awareness of patient safety would improve and what kind of effects would be seen at the department of radiological technology by introducing KYT [K: kiken (hazard), Y: yochi (prediction), T: (training)]. Methods: KYT was carried out by ten RTs based ...
Birkenmaier Christof - - 2013
Neuropathic pain originating from spinal disc herniations is a very common problem. The majority of disc surgeries are performed to alleviate this pain once conservative measures and targeted injections have failed. Endoscopic spinal surgery is increasingly popular because it minimizes access trauma and hastens recovery from the intervention. This clinically ...
Woo Jae Hee - - 2013
Eighteen to 25% of patients after gynecological cancer treatment suffer from lower limb lymphedema (LLL) that decreases the quality of life of gynecological cancer survivors. Lumbar sympathetic ganglion block (LSGB) is widely used in practice for the evaluation and management of sympathetically mediated pain in the lower limbs. Several articles ...
Sykes Kenneth T - - 2013
Cervical epidural steroid injections, administered either interlaminarly or transforaminally, are common injection therapies used in many interventional pain management practices to treat cervicalgia or cervicobrachial pain secondary to spondylosis or intervertebral disc displacement of the cervical spine. Among the risks associated with these procedures are the risk for inadvertent dural ...
Albers Sheri L - - 2013
Evidence based medicine (EBM) is currently dominated by the randomized controlled trial (RCT). The addition of a placebo arm to the trial in hopes of further elimination of bias in the outcome gives it a higher position in the hierarchy of the levels of evidence, resulting in a higher grade ...
Manchikanti Laxmaiah - - 2013
Among the many diagnostic and therapeutic interventions available for the management of chronic pain, epidural steroid injections are one of the most commonly used modalities. The explosive growth of this technique is relevant in light of the high cost of health care in the United States and abroad, the previous ...
Müller Margrit - - 2013
Epilepsy is a common and chronic disease which affects persons at every age. Even though medication can prevent seizures, epilepsy has implications for daily living. Sorrows, increased depression rates and restrictions in everyday life were documented among family caregivers of adult persons with epilpesy. To date, no study investigated how ...
Rabenschlag Franziska - - 2013
In the interdisciplinary treatment process nurses play an important role, assessing suicide risk. To cope with this responsibility, the use of assessment instruments is recommended. Although a lot of instruments exist to assess the risk of suicide, nurses do not use them consistently. This cross-sectional study seeks to answer the ...
Eberhardt Doris - - 2013
An appropriate postoperative wound management helps to prevent surgical site infections. However, ideal timing of dressing removal is an unresolved issue in current practice. The objective of this systematic review therefore was to provide a comprehensive synthesis of existing evidence concerning the efficacy of different periods of postoperative dressing removal ...
Monteverde Settimio - - 2013
The increasing number of ethical issues highlighted in everyday nursing care demonstrates the connectedness between nursing ethics and nursing practice. However, what is the role of ethical theories in this context? This question will be examined in this article by analysing the contribution made by the ethics of care, in ...
Bailey Rj - - 2013
The Australian Medical Journal is important to Australian anaesthesia in that, as well as associated editorials, it recorded the first use of ether for surgical operations. Though it survived from 1 August 1846 until 1 October 1847, its first issue was surrounded with mystery, referring to an earlier publication. Proof ...
Haridas Rp - - 2013
The laryngeal plug is a little-known device developed by Arthur E. Guedel in the 1930s. The device was an alternative to the inflatable cuff used on tracheal tubes. Guedel did not publish a description of the laryngeal plug and the most detailed description of it was published by Gilbert Troup, ...
Loughnan Te - - 2013
Muscle relaxants were introduced into clinical practice in the early 1940s. From 1949, assessments were being made of the efficacy of various agents in awake volunteers, usually the researchers themselves. From the early to mid 1950s, while interest in using muscle relaxants was keen, concern emerged in the surgical literature ...
Stanghellini Vincenzo - - 2013
Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic functional disorder with a complex etiology and multiple overlapping symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized by long-lasting abdominal pain or discomfort, abnormal bowel habits and typically inadequate response to many of the available therapies.
Layer Peter - - 2013
Irritable bowel syndrome is a heterogeneous disease with a complex underlying pathophysiology and multiple symptoms - that is, clinical manifestation patterns. As such, management of irritable bowel syndrome requires a flexible approach tailored to the individual patient. This article reviews rational, evidence-based management strategy and treatment options for this variable ...
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