Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1237
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Krokhotin Andrey - - 2013
Protein collapse from a random chain to the native state involves a dynamical phase transition. During the process, new scales and collective variables become excited while old ones recede and fade away. The presence of different phases and many scales causes formidable computational bottle-necks in approaches that are based on ...
Herrera-Velarde Salvador - - 2013
We report on the hydrodynamic correlations between colloids immersed in a low Reynolds number fluid. We consider colloidal arrays composed of three particles; each colloid is trapped in a single harmonic potential and interacts with the other colloids only via hydrodynamic forces. We focus on the role of a third ...
Levine Rachel M - - 2013
The success of common nonviral gene delivery vehicles, lipoplexes and polyplexes, is limited by the toxicity and instability of these charged molecules. Stealth liposomes could provide a stable, safe alternative to cationic DNA complexes for effective gene delivery. DNA encapsulations in three stealth liposomal formulations prepared by thin film, reverse ...
Eda Goki - - 2013
Semiconducting two-dimensional (2D) crystals such as MoS2 and WSe2 exhibit unusual optical properties that can be exploited for novel optoelectronics ranging from flexible photovoltaic cells to harmonic generation and electro-optical modulation devices. Rapid progress of the field, particularly in the growth area, is beginning to enable ways to implement 2D ...
Thuresson Axel - - 2013
The free energy of interaction between parallel charged platelets with divalent counterions has been calculated using Monte Carlo simulations to investigate the electrostatic effects on aggregation. The platelets are primarily intended to represent clay particles. With divalent counterions, the free energy for two platelets or two tactoids (clusters of parallel ...
Cha Wonsuk - - 2013
Zeolites are crystalline aluminosilicate minerals featuring a network of 0.3-1.5-nm-wide pores, used in industry as catalysts for hydrocarbon interconversion, ion exchangers, molecular sieves and adsorbents. For improved applications, it is highly useful to study the distribution of internal local strains because they sensitively affect the rates of adsorption and diffusion ...
Kim Yeon Hee - - 2013
To investigate the effects of meditation on anxiety, depression, fatigue, and quality of life in women who are receiving radiation therapy for breast cancer. Randomized, non-program controlled, parallel intervention clinical trial. The ASAN Cancer Center located in Seoul, Korea. The subjects of this study included 102 female breast cancer patients ...
Makanga Martine - - 2013
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) have been shown to play crucial roles in not only lung and heart development, but also in the pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertension (PH). We therefore hypothesized that BMP signaling could be altered in nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and associated PH. Pregnant ...
Peklar Jure - - 2013
Use of food supplements in the developed world is increasing in all age groups. With older age, the prevalence of multimorbidity and pharmacotherapy increases. Aim was to explore the prevalence of food supplement use among population aged≥50 years in Ireland and to identify factors associated with food supplement use. Cross-sectional ...
Goberna Marta - - 2013
More than 300,000 tonnes of brewer's spent grain (BSG) is generated annually during beer production. This protein- and nutrient-rich by-product is mostly employed as an animal feedstuff. However, its marketability is compromised by its rapid deterioration owing to its high humidity and fermentable sugar content. Drying BSG can be achieved ...
Podmirseg Sabine M - - 2013
Wood ash addition to biogas plants represents an alternative to commonly used landfilling by improving the reactor performance, raising the pH and alleviating potential limits of trace elements. This study is the first on the effects of wood ash on reactor conditions and microbial communities in cattle slurry-based biogas reactors. ...
Nakamura Atsutomo - - 2013
A dislocation in a crystalline material has dangling bonds at its core and a strong strain field in its vicinity. Consequently, the dislocation attracts solute atoms and forms a so-called Cottrell atmosphere along the dislocation. A crystalline dislocation can be used as a template to produce nanowires by selectively doping ...
Pérez-Abalo Maria C - - 2013
Abstract NEURONIC-A 6.0 is a system for objective detection of hearing loss by means of the recording and analysis of auditory steady state responses. The system generates digitally Amplitude Modulated tones of different frequencies, allowing the mix of these and the simultaneous presentation through different transducers (earphone and bone vibrator) ...
Domínguez Jorge - - 2013
In the present study the potential of the earthworm Eisenia andrei to modify chemical and microbiological properties, with a special focus on the nutrient content of fresh organic matter, was evaluated during 16 weeks of vermicomposting of cattle manure and sewage sludge. Samples were periodically collected in order to determine ...
Khaiboullina Svetlana F - - 2013
Hantaviruses are negative strand RNA species that replicate predominantly in the cytoplasm. They also activate numerous cellular responses, but their involvement in nuclear processes is yet to be established. Using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), this study investigates the molecular finger-print of nuclear transcription factors during hantavirus infection. The ...
Goy C B - - 2013
Abstract The ambulatory monitoring of biosignals involves the use of sensors, electrodes, actuators, processing tools and wireless communication modules. When a garment includes these elements with the purpose of recording vital signs and responding to specific situations it is call a 'Smart Wearable System'. Over the last years several authors ...
Blackshaw L Ashley - - 2013
Preclinical experiments in rodent models have recently provided new information on the mechanisms underlying pain sensation in chronic visceral hypersensitivity, as well as insights into the mechanism of action of new drugs targeting abdominal pain in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This article describes the evidence base supporting the role of ...
Dong Ying-Xue - - 2013
The number of non-responders to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) exposes the need for better patient selection criteria for CRT. This study aimed to identify echocardiographic parameters that would predict the response to CRT. Forty-five consecutive patients receiving CRT-D implantation for heart failure (HF) were included in this prospective study. New ...
Wu Xue-Ping - - 2013
Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) is a mechanical cardiac-assist device that is used for cardiac support. There are no published reports about the use of IABP in elderly Chinese patients, especially for those over 80 years old. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical outcomes, influencing factors, and ...
Han Feng-Feng - - 2013
Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF) has been defined as a luminal narrowing associated with anthracotic pigmentation on bronchoscopy without a relevant history of pneumoconiosis or smoking. The aim of the study is to study the clinical features and imaging manifestations of BAF, and to promote the awareness of this disease. Between October ...
Lin Mao-Hu - - 2013
The catheter related infection caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm is increasing and difficult to treat by antimicrobial chemotherapy. The properties of biofilms that give rise to antibiotic resistance are only partially understood. This study aimed to elucidate the penetration of erythromycin through Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm. The penetration ratio of erythromycin ...
Zhang Ya-Feng - - 2013
Epidemiological study showed that the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors was associated with higher bone mineral density (BMD) in older people, especially male subjects, which suggested that angiotensin II may have a detrimental effect on bone. Therefore, blocking its effect may have a beneficial effect on bone health. Six-month-old male ...
Liu Sha - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control gene expression by destabilizing target transcripts and inhibiting their translation. Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been described in many human diseases, including schizophrenia. However, the effects on miRNA expression in response to antipsychotic treatment in peripheral circulation have not been thoroughly examined. Using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), ...
Qian Li-Qiang - - 2013
Although video-assisted radical operation for lung cancer has been widely accepted for treatment of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the debate over video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy still remains. This study analyzed the clinical outcomes using VATS segmentectomy for stage I NSCLC patients to explore the safety and efficacy of ...
Wu Ren-Yi - - 2013
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) could activate chloride channels in bovine ciliary body and trigger an increase in the ionic current (short-circuit current, Isc) across the ciliary processes in pigs. The purpose of this study was to investigate how cAMP modulates Isc in isolated human ciliary processes and the possible involvement ...
Zhu Shi-Wen - - 2013
Surgical treatment of acetabular fracture has long been a challenging area in the field of orthopedic trauma. The aim of this research was to investigate the operative methods for delayed acetabular fractures and to assess the operation results. The operative approaches, procedures, results, and complications of the delayed acetabular fractures ...
Li Shao-Guang - - 2013
Disability and death following hip fracture is becoming more common as the population ages. Previous reports have focused on the selection of internal fixation methods and the analysis of the perioperative therapeutic results in the Chinese population. Few studies have focused on factors influencing medium and long term survival after ...
Xuan Ang - - 2013
HIV is a neurotropic virus which can cause brain white matter demyelination, gliosis, and other pathological changes that appear as HIV encephalitis or AIDS dementia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of the diffused condition of water molecules in brain white matter in early acquired immune ...
Li Zhen-Jiang - - 2013
Interactions of tumor cells with the microenvironment were deemed to promote the tumor invasion and metastasis. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) had reported to participate in this process. However the roles of bone marrow microenvironment in leukemic infiltration were not well investigated. A co-culture ...
Ma Xiao-Jing - - 2013
Life-threatening critical congenital heart disease (cCHD) is often not detected in the neonatal period. Unrecognized cCHD results in high morbidity and mortality rates. As a non-invasive, convenient, quick and accurate measuring method, pulse oximetry is considered to be a promising strategy to screen for cCHD in neonates. This article is ...
Hu Xu-Dong - - 2013
To review the current status and progress on nuclear medical molecular imaging of angiogenesis. A literature search was performed in Medline and PubMed published in English up to May 31, 2012. The search terms were molecular imaging, nuclear medicine and angiogenesis. Articles studying molecular imaging of angiogenesis using radionuclide were ...
Li X-M - - 2013
Contrast Induced Acute Kidney Injury (CI-AKI), due to the use of contrast media in radiographic procedures, is the leading cause of acute renal failure in hospitalized patients, and is associated with prolonged in-hospital stay and increased morbidity, mortality, and costs. However only peri-procedural hydration is now used universally as its ...
Demirtas A - - 2013
Today, there is a small number of studies on the effects of Enoxaparin and Fondaparinux used commonly in the prevention of venous thromboembolism on healing of fracture cases. The aim of this study was to investigate clinically, radiologically and histopathologically, the effects of Enoxaparin, Fondaparinux and Rivaroxaban used in thromboembolism ...
Dong L-Q - - 2013
As a member of Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), heparan sulfate (HS) are sulfated to varying extents and used by a large number of viruses to initiate infection, including respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Heparinases I, II, III can remove N-sulfation and iduronic acids units of HS, and low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has a very ...
Zhang L - - 2013
Circadian rhythms tend to change as animals age; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying these are not yet fully understood. To investigate whether the DNA methylation of clock genes changes with age and contributes to circadian dysfunction in aged animals. We examined the methylation of clock promoters in the stomach, kidney, ...
Baltaci D - - 2013
Hypertension is one of the most common causes of atherosclerosis, morbidity and mortality in adults. A total of 11 million hypertensive patients were estimated in Turkey. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension in Duzce and compare the current data with the ...
Robles N R - - 2013
To evaluate the relationship between chronic renal failure (CFR) defined through HUGE (hematocrit, urea and gender) formula score and the patient's cardiovascular risk measured through cardiovascular disease antecedents such as ischemic cardiopathy, cerebrovascular disease and peripheral arterial disease. The sample consisted of 2,831 subjects. Mean age was 51.2±14.7 years and ...
Yavuz C - - 2013
This study investigated the predictors of poor outcomes, including limb loss and death, in patients with femoral artery injuries. The study included 158 patients aged 2-82 (mean age 28.4 ± 16.5) with femoral arterial injury (common, deep, and superficial femoral artery) that were treated surgically between 2000 and 2010. Isolated ...
Wang Y L - - 2013
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is the most commonly inherited hyperlipidemia in men. It constitutes a substantial risk factor for atherosclerosis patients. To delineating the potential mechanism of FCHL by bioinformatics tools. In this study, Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network was constructed to identify the potential functional proteins and their interactive relationships ...
SzuliƄska M - - 2013
Obesity and smoking are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cross-sectional studies indicate that heavy smoking may be associated with a greater risk of obesity. While there are important unresolved issues in relation to the effect of smoking on body weight, there is increasing evidence that smoking is conducive ...
Kallianos A - - 2013
Current evidence supports an association between Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS), insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular disorders. The relationship is complex and still remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to examine the potential correlation of sleep characteristics with glucose and arterial pressure values ...
Marrelli M - - 2013
The healing of bone tissues around dental implants is based primarily on a correct osseointegration. Typically, implants stability and peri-implant tissues health are anticipated to decrease during the early weeks of healing; this is followed by an increase in stability. The aim of the present study is to assess a ...
Martucci G - - 2013
Living donor transplantation is an accepted clinical practice in select transplant centers in Western countries to increase the availability of organs, while is standard practice in East Asian transplant programs. Living-donor right hepatic lobe resection is a particularly risky operation, with two mandatory outcomes: no serious complications for the donor, ...
Cocuzza S - - 2013
Moschcowitz's syndrome or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a quite rare pathology in childhood, being, as a matter of fact, more frequent among adult people. Often it is hard to distinguish from other pathologies in children both for its rare incidence and for the presence of clinical forms that are very ...
Robinson Joan - - 2013
Eco-paediatrics is an occasional feature in Evidence-Based Child Health: A Cochrane Review Journal. Our goal is to contribute to the worldwide discussion on reducing waste in health care. In each instalment, we will select a recent Cochrane review highlighting a practice, still in use, which the available evidence tells us ...
Christian Rahila U - - 2013
This is a commentary on a Cochrane review, published in the issue of EBCH, first published as: Coren E, Hossain R, Pardo Pardo J, Veras MMS, Chakraborty K, Harris H, Martin AJ. Interventions for promoting re-integration and reducing harmful behaviour and lifestyles in street-connected children and young people. Cochrane Database ...
Santos Alexandra F - - 2013
This is a commentary on a Cochrane review, published in the issue of EBCH, first published as: Choo KJL, Simons FER, Sheikh A. Glucocorticoids for the treatment of anaphylaxis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD007596. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007596.pub3.
Offringa Martin - - 2013
Febrile seizures occurring in a child older than one month during an episode of fever affect 2% to 4% of children in Great Britain and the United States and recur in 30%. Rapid-acting antiepileptics and antipyretics given during subsequent fever episodes have been used to avoid the adverse effects of ...
Wilensky Gail R - - 2013
At most times, the IRS is one of America's least loved institutions, but this past month has been a particularly bad period for the agency.
O'Neill Daniel P - - 2013
By looking at metrics focusing on the functionality, age, capital investment, transparency, and sustainability (FACTS) of their organizations' facilities, facilities management teams can build potential business cases to justify upgrading the facilities. A FACTS analysis can ensure that capital spent on facilities will produce a higher or more certain ROI ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >