Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1239
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Reade Clare J - - 2013
Objective: Performing risk-reducing salpingectomy (RRS) at the time of hysterectomy or as a method of tubal ligation has been suggested as a way to reduce the incidence of high grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) of the ovary, since this type of cancer is hypothesized to originate in the fallopian tube. We ...
Ji Yoon Seob - - 2013
Whereas sexual function has long been assumed to be an important component of adult men's lives, the impact of sexual dysfunction has not been estimated in parallel to other modern disease entities. We compared the seriousness of erectile dysfunction (ED) with that of other diseases by use of self-administered questionnaires. ...
Anselmetti Giovanni Carlo - - 2013
Vertebral metastases are associated with significant pain, disability, and morbidity. Open surgery for fracture stabilization is often inappropriate in this cancer population due to a poor risk-benefit profile, particularly if life expectancy is short. Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are appealing adjunctive procedures in patients with malignancy for alleviation of intractable pain. ...
Yang J-Y - - 2013
Pulmonary disease has become one of the major health problems. To investigate the regulation mechanism of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) on gene expression and pathway level. We mapped the differentially expressed genes to a regulation network and pathways, using transcriptome profiles and regulation data. We constructed a TF-target gene ...
Shao Qi Q University of Minnesota, Department of Biomedical Engineering, 7-105 Hasselmo Hall, 312 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2013
Tumor hypoxia is an important factor in assessment of both cancer progression and cancer treatment efficacy. This has driven a substantial effort toward development of imaging modalities that can directly measure oxygen distribution and therefore hypoxia in tissue. Although several approaches to measure hypoxia exist, direct measurement of tissue oxygen ...
Santos Alexandra F - - 2013
This is a commentary on a Cochrane review, published in the issue of EBCH, first published as: Choo KJL, Simons FER, Sheikh A. Glucocorticoids for the treatment of anaphylaxis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD007596. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007596.pub3.
Marini Maiko - - 2013
Quality of life assessments in patients receiving treatment for substance dependence can serve as one predictor of response to treatment. This study aimed to identify determinants of quality of life in patients of a Psychosocial Care Center for alcohol and other drug users (CAPSad). The sample consisted of 77 patients ...
Gibson Kerry - - 2013
Although there is a growing body of research that looks at how adult clients are active agents in their own counseling, there is little similar research that looks at the experiences of young people in counseling. This research explores how client agency is constructed in retrospective accounts of a school ...
Robert Magali - - 2013
Objective: To review the use, care, and fitting of pessaries. Options: Pessaries are an option for women presenting with prolapse and/or urinary incontinence. Outcomes: Pessaries can be successfully fitted in the majority of women with excellent satisfaction rates and minimal complications. Evidence: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles published ...
Pan Yuan-Ming - - 2013
Dysregulated metallothionein 2A (MT2A) has been implicated in carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of MT2A in gastric cancer (GC) and its correlation with prognosis. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the mRNA expression of MT2A in 12 ...
Ebrahimzadeh M A - - 2013
Juglans (J.) regia L. is known to possess many biological properties. In this study, antihemolytic activity of methanol extract of Juglans regia L. flower were investigated. Antihemolytic activities of Juglans regia L. flowers were evaluated by various in vitro assays. In addition, scavenging of hydrogen peroxide and mineral contents of ...
Tufaro Vincenzo - - 2013
We report the case of a 63-year-old woman admitted to the intensive care unit because of acute decompensated right heart failure. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography revealed severe right ventricular dysfunction with severe tricuspid regurgitation of unknown origin and a large membrane running from the inferior vena cava to the interatrial ...
Mosavi-Jarrahi Alireza - - 2013
Objectives: To use the most recent data to update the trend in cervical cancer incidence in Canada over the 30 year period from 1978 to 2009. Methods: Registered cases of cervical cancer and the corresponding person years for the Canadian population were retrieved from an online data repository of the ...
Tanaka Michio - - 2013
To identify the parameters on noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) that best predict the success of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). We reviewed the records of 75 patients who underwent SWL for urinary calculi measuring 5 to 20 mm. Using NCCT images, we estimated the largest stone cross-sectional area and contoured the ...
Saxena Akriti P - - 2013
Vertebral augmentation (VA) techniques have changed the paradigm of treatment during the past decade and involve injection of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement directly into a compressed vertebral body. During the summer of 2009, the INVEST trial was one of 2 randomized controlled studies that reported equivalence between vertebroplasty and a control ...
Kleiner Dénes - - 2013
Introduction: Transmethylation modifies configuration and proceeds via formaldehyde. It has a significant role for example in epigenetic regulation. The whole methyl-pool can be evaluated by the measurement of bound formaldehyde. Aim: The bound formaldehyde was measured in wheat, bean, beetroot, cabbage, broiler- and rabbit liver. The relationship between transmethylation and ...
Lin Mao-Hu - - 2013
The catheter related infection caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm is increasing and difficult to treat by antimicrobial chemotherapy. The properties of biofilms that give rise to antibiotic resistance are only partially understood. This study aimed to elucidate the penetration of erythromycin through Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm. The penetration ratio of erythromycin ...
Anzini Marco - - 2013
Although the cause of myocarditis often remains unknown, a large variety of infections, systemic diseases, drugs and toxins have been associated with this disease. In most cases, myocarditis is induced by cardiotropic viruses and often evolves silently without discernible prognostic impact. However, in some patients, the lack of complete viral ...
Pau Massimiliano - - 2013
Background: Among other adverse consequences, childhood obesity is known to influence foot structure and functionality. Yet little information is available regarding how the physiologic foot-ground interaction is altered when a localized load is carried, as occurs in the case of schoolbags. We investigated plantar contact area and pressure modifications induced ...
Malekinejad Hassan H Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran. - - 2013
The protective effect of hydroalcoholic extract of hawthorn berries (HBE) on acetic acid (AA)-induced colitis in rats was investigated. Forty-two Wistar rats were divided into seven groups, including control and test groups (n=6). The control animals received saline, and the test animals were treated with saline (sham group), mesalamine (50 ...
Munro Kimberly - - 2013
Objective: No official provisions are made for the medically uninsured under provincial public health programs in Canada. Studies have shown that uninsured pregnant women have inadequate access to prenatal and obstetrical services that favour healthy maternal and child outcomes. This qualitative study aimed to explore the perspectives of family physicians ...
Pennekamp Werner - - 2013
Lumbar sympathetic blocks and chemical sympathectomies are used for the pain treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease or sympathetically maintained pain syndrome after nerve injury or complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). A 30-year-old patient was referred to the pain department with all the clinical signs and symptoms of a CRPS ...
Qian Li-Qiang - - 2013
Although video-assisted radical operation for lung cancer has been widely accepted for treatment of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the debate over video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy still remains. This study analyzed the clinical outcomes using VATS segmentectomy for stage I NSCLC patients to explore the safety and efficacy of ...
Baltaci D - - 2013
Hypertension is one of the most common causes of atherosclerosis, morbidity and mortality in adults. A total of 11 million hypertensive patients were estimated in Turkey. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension in Duzce and compare the current data with the ...
Vukic Tamara - - 2013
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries of the bone that are most often seen in athletes and military personnel. These types of injuries seem to be commonly missed or delayed in diagnosis. Physicians should consider the possibility of such an injury while determining the diagnosis of a long-lasting foot pain. ...
Murray Christian J - - 2013
Abstract Susceptible sub-populations with existing disease have exhibited stronger relationships between air quality and mortality in time-series studies, but their associated life expectancies have largely been overlooked. Murray and Nelson developed a new time-series model that estimated a small unobserved (frail) sub-population and their resulting life expectancies in Philadelphia, including ...
Cui Hao Zhen HZ Professional Graduate School of Oriental Medicine and College of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Jeonbuk, - - 2013
Lycopus lucidus Turcz has been widely used as a traditional Oriental medicine (TOM) in Korea and China and prescribed for the enhancement of heart function. However, the precise effects have yet to be defined. The purpose of the present study was, therefore, to address whether the ethanol extract of Lycopus ...
Kim Eun-Joo - - 2013
Objective: Motor intentional disorders (MIDs) are characterized by dysfunction in the preparation, initiation, maintenance, and termination of goal-oriented actions. In this study, we investigated (1) whether patients with right hemisphere strokes (RHS) and left hemisphere strokes (LHS) differ in the frequency of delayed action initiation (hypokinesia) and motor impersistence; (2) ...
Jeong U-Seok - - 2013
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a first-line treatment for pediatric urinary stone disease. We aimed to determine the factors affecting the outcome of ESWL for unilateral urinary stones in children. A total of 81 pediatric patients aged 0 to 16 years with urinary stones treated by ESWL from January ...
Li Zhen-Jiang - - 2013
Interactions of tumor cells with the microenvironment were deemed to promote the tumor invasion and metastasis. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) had reported to participate in this process. However the roles of bone marrow microenvironment in leukemic infiltration were not well investigated. A co-culture ...
Rabinowitz Amanda R - - 2013
Objective: Inconsistent performance is associated with cognitive dysfunction in a number of clinical populations. However, intraindividual cognitive variability in healthy individuals is poorly understood. Inconsistency poses a challenge to clinicians when interpreting change over time. This study examined intraindividual cognitive variability within a sample of college athletes tested at baseline ...
Yasuda Mitsuyoshi - - 2013
Purpose: In this report, we evaluated whether radiological technologists' (RTs') awareness of patient safety would improve and what kind of effects would be seen at the department of radiological technology by introducing KYT [K: kiken (hazard), Y: yochi (prediction), T: (training)]. Methods: KYT was carried out by ten RTs based ...
Fukui Sei - - 2013
Discogenic pain is an important cause of low back pain (LBP). We have developed a pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) technique, using Diskit II® needles (NeuroTherm, Middleton, MA, USA) placed centrally in the disk, for applying radiofrequency current in the disc (Intradiscal PRF method). The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Nie Xiao-Min - - 2013
Stent thrombosis is one of severe complications after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation. Rapamycin (sirolimus) promotes arterial thrombosis in in vivo studies. However, the underlying molecular and transcriptional mechanisms of this adverse effect have not been thoroughly investigated. This study was designed to examine the effects of rapamycin on the expression of ...
Essawy S S - - 2013
Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by allopurinol increases hypoxanthine and xanthine, which are converted to purines, including the inhibitory neuromodulator adenosine. We aimed to investigate the antinociceptive effects of allopurinol in thermal and chemical pain models in mice and to evaluate its possible antinociceptive mechanism by using selective adenosine receptors A1, ...
Reyna Christine - - 2013
Americans' conflicted attitudes toward immigrants and immigration has stymied immigration reform for decades. In this article, we explore the nuanced nature of stereotypes about immigrants and how they relate to ambivalent attitudes toward immigrant groups and the disparate array of immigration policies that affect them. Using item response theory and ...
Lukas Rob - - 2013
The status of regional lymph nodes is the most important prognostic factor in early cervical cancer patients. Pelvic lymph node dissections are routinely performed as a part of standard surgical treatment. Systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy is associated with short- and long-term morbidities. This review discusses single components of the sentinel lymph ...
Kim Hyeun Sun - - 2013
Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy is a common surgical treatment for lumbar disc herniation, and percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy (PEID) is commonly used for direct decompression of L5-S1. Like microdiscectomy, recurrence of herniation after endoscopic discectomy is an important problem. In this study, we aimed to decrease the recurrence after ...
Dong Ying-Xue - - 2013
The number of non-responders to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) exposes the need for better patient selection criteria for CRT. This study aimed to identify echocardiographic parameters that would predict the response to CRT. Forty-five consecutive patients receiving CRT-D implantation for heart failure (HF) were included in this prospective study. New ...
Farrell Molly L - - 2013
Healthcare providers should take eight steps to ensure their organizations are prepared for the potential risks associated with traumatic brain injuries: Review current procedures. Educate parents and caregivers. Create targeted programs for seniors. Adopt standard written protocols for providers for identification and treatment. Ensure proper and periodic follow-up with all ...
Fernandez Maria Luz Gonzalez - - 2013
Background: We assessed the efficacy of customized foot orthotic therapy by comparing reulceration rates, minor amputation rates, and work and daily living activities before and after therapy. Peak plantar pressures and peak plantar impulses were compared with the patients not wearing and wearing their prescribed footwear. Methods: One hundred seventeen ...
Mahner Sven - - 2013
Due to an increasing incidence with concurrently decreasing age at onset, vulvar cancer represents a current challenge for gynecologic oncologists. Positive lymph nodes of the groins have been proven to be the most important prognostic factor for affected patients, significantly impairing overall survival. Distinct criteria for indication of adjuvant therapy ...
Birkenmaier Christof - - 2013
Neuropathic pain originating from spinal disc herniations is a very common problem. The majority of disc surgeries are performed to alleviate this pain once conservative measures and targeted injections have failed. Endoscopic spinal surgery is increasingly popular because it minimizes access trauma and hastens recovery from the intervention. This clinically ...
Han Feng-Feng - - 2013
Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF) has been defined as a luminal narrowing associated with anthracotic pigmentation on bronchoscopy without a relevant history of pneumoconiosis or smoking. The aim of the study is to study the clinical features and imaging manifestations of BAF, and to promote the awareness of this disease. Between October ...
Weeks William B - - 2013
In a recent study published in JAMA, the authors concluded that hospitals might have financial disincentives for reducing surgical complications. The study confirms some well-known healthcare financial management realities: Some procedures are more profitable than others, and sometimes complications generate positive returns for hospitals. But the study was flawed.
Hillstrom Howard J - - 2013
Background: In a previous pilot study of "cruisers" (nonindependent ambulation), "early walkers" (independent ambulation for 0-5 months), and "experienced walkers" (independent ambulation for 6-12 months), developmental age significantly affected the children's stability when walking and performing functional activities. We sought to examine how shoe structural characteristics affect plantar pressure distribution ...
Sen Subhrojit - - 2013
Abstract North American ginseng (NAG) has received increasing attention as an alternative medicine for the treatment of diabetes. Extract of the NAG root has been reported to possess antidiabetic properties, but the underlying mechanisms for such effects have not been identified. Here we investigated the effects of NAG root extract ...
Timpone Vincent M - - 2013
The utilization of spinal interventional pain techniques has grown rapidly over the last decade. However, practitioners use widely different techniques in these procedures, particularly in the use of image guidance. The importance of image guidance was highlighted by the fact that in recent systematic reviews on therapeutic effectiveness of epidural ...
Dong L-Q - - 2013
As a member of Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), heparan sulfate (HS) are sulfated to varying extents and used by a large number of viruses to initiate infection, including respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Heparinases I, II, III can remove N-sulfation and iduronic acids units of HS, and low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has a very ...
Banfi Cristina - - 2013
Proteomics is the study of the "proteome", that is the entire protein complement of a genome. However, it is well recognized that the proteome is far more complex than previously suggested by the "one-gene, one-protein" central dogma of biology. The proteome encompasses all proteins of a cell or organism at ...
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