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Results 451 - 500 of 1237
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Su Long-Xiang - - 2013
Hospitalized patients often have higher rate of vitamin D deficiency than healthy people. Vitamin D levels below normal are associated with hospital stay, increased incidence of adverse prognosis and increased mortality of a number of diseases. Whether there is a relationship between vitamin D levels and infection or sepsis in ...
Burgazli K M - - 2013
Surgical valve replacement is the most commonly performed for aortic stenosis. Randomized trials comparing stentless to stented bioprostheses for aortic valve replacement in elderly are scarce. The aim of our study was comparing and evaluating the early hemodynamic performances of Hancock™ stented and FreeStyle™ stentless xenograft aortic valves in aortic ...
Yang J-Y - - 2013
Pulmonary disease has become one of the major health problems. To investigate the regulation mechanism of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) on gene expression and pathway level. We mapped the differentially expressed genes to a regulation network and pathways, using transcriptome profiles and regulation data. We constructed a TF-target gene ...
Robertson Jeanette - - 2013
This is a commentary on a Cochrane review, published in this issue of EBCH, first published as: Offringa M, Newton R. Prophylactic drug management for febrile seizures in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD003031. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003031.pub2.
Pau Massimiliano - - 2013
Background: Among other adverse consequences, childhood obesity is known to influence foot structure and functionality. Yet little information is available regarding how the physiologic foot-ground interaction is altered when a localized load is carried, as occurs in the case of schoolbags. We investigated plantar contact area and pressure modifications induced ...
Nakamura Nadine - - 2013
Introduces the current special issue of the journal, Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. This special issue focuses on the topic of immigration and highlights the important within group differences often overlooked when immigrants are conceptualized as a homogeneous group. The articles in this journal consider a variety of microsystems, ...
Bowers Len - - 2013
Although individual conflict and containment events among acute psychiatric inpatients have been studied in some detail, the relationship of these events to each other has not. In particular, little is known about the temporal order of events for individual patients. This study aimed to identify the most common pathways from ...
Marini Maiko - - 2013
Quality of life assessments in patients receiving treatment for substance dependence can serve as one predictor of response to treatment. This study aimed to identify determinants of quality of life in patients of a Psychosocial Care Center for alcohol and other drug users (CAPSad). The sample consisted of 77 patients ...
Respress Brandon N - - 2013
Conventional behavior theories that assert adolescent risk behaviors are determined by peer and parental relationships are being challenged as research begins to consider broader socioenvironmental factors. This study, using data from the Longitudinal Study for Adolescent Health (Add Health), Wave II, Public Use Data, and the Social Determinants of Adolescent ...
Erdner Anette - - 2013
To a large extent today, caring for people with mental illness takes place outside of institutional care. Sometimes, assistance from a special police group may be required to commit the patient to a hospital for continued psychiatric treatment. The aim of this study was to describe a group of police ...
Gibson Kerry - - 2013
Although there is a growing body of research that looks at how adult clients are active agents in their own counseling, there is little similar research that looks at the experiences of young people in counseling. This research explores how client agency is constructed in retrospective accounts of a school ...
Akinyemi Ayodele J - - 2013
Abstract Ginger has reportedly been used in folk medicine for the management and prevention of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, this study sought to investigate the inhibitory effect of aqueous extracts of two varieties of ginger on a key enzyme linked to hypertension (angiotensin I-converting enzyme [ACE]), and on ...
Shatwan Israa Ali - - 2013
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effects of barley flour, crude cinnamon, and their combination on blood glucose, serum insulin, serum lipid profile, and serum adipose tissue hormones in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Male Wistar rats (n=35) were divided into five groups: nondiabetic, diabetic, diabetic group fed 5% cinnamon, diabetic ...
Tan Yin-Feng - - 2013
Abstract Crude polysaccharides (PSs) were isolated from the fruit pulp of jackfruit, and their chemical composition determined and evaluated for an immune regulatory activity in mice. The PSs were isolated from water extracts of jackfruit pulp (JFP) using the ethanol precipitation method. The resulting precipitates were further purified by dialysis ...
Bell Julie A - - 2013
Positive patient outcomes require effective teamwork, communication, and technological literacy. These skills vary among the unprecedented five generations in the nursing workforce, spanning the "Silent Generation" nurses deferring retirement to the newest "iGeneration." Nursing professional development educators must understand generational differences; address communication, information technology, and team-building competencies across generations; ...
Robert Magali - - 2013
Objective: To review the use, care, and fitting of pessaries. Options: Pessaries are an option for women presenting with prolapse and/or urinary incontinence. Outcomes: Pessaries can be successfully fitted in the majority of women with excellent satisfaction rates and minimal complications. Evidence: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles published ...
Mandal Soumendra Nath - - 2013
A 16-year-old female presented with dribbling of urine along with voluntary voiding since birth. Renal imaging revealed hydroureteronephrosis on the right side; the uterus and ovary were normal. A radionuclide scan showed a left nonfunctional kidney. On cystovaginoscopy, the urethra was shown to be normal and the urinary bladder was ...
Balaban Muhsin - - 2013
Metastatic malignant melanoma of the prostate is extremely rare in clinical practice, and only one case has been reported in the English literature in the past 30 years. We report a case of malignant melanoma that metastasized to the prostate and review the current literature. A 50-year-old man with a ...
Seong Ki Taek - - 2013
To evaluate the validity of the University of California San Francisco Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment-S score (CAPRA-S score), a biochemical indicator of recurrent prostate cancer that uses histopathologic data, in Korean prostate cancer patients. A total of 203 prostate cancer patients who underwent radical prostatectomy between February 1997 ...
Park Bong Hee - - 2013
Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is relatively uncommon. Radical nephroureterectomy with an ipsilateral bladder cuff excision has been the gold standard treatment for UTUC. However, recent advances in technology have made possible the increased use of endoscopic management for the treatment of UTUC. The definitive goal of endoscopic management ...
Yamaçake Kleiton Gabriel Ribeiro - - 2013
Early surgical management is the standard of care for penile fracture. Conservative treatment is an option with recent reports revealing lower success rates. We reviewed the data and long-term outcomes of patients with penile injury submitted to surgical or conservative treatment. Between January 2004 and February 2012, 42 patients with ...
Suh Jun-Gyo - - 2013
Although direct-vision internal urethrotomy can be performed for the management of short, bulbar urethral strictures, excision and end-to-end anastomosis remains the best procedure to guarantee a high success rate. We performed a retrospective evaluation of patients who underwent bulbar end-to-end anastomosis to assess the factors affecting surgical outcome. We reviewed ...
Tanaka Kazushi - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of using 3-tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis of extracapsular extension (ECE) for decision-making about neurovascular bundle (NVB) preservation in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for prostate cancer (PC). We prospectively collected data on PC patients (n=67) who underwent preoperative 3-T MRI before RARP. The choice ...
Lee Jeong Kuk - - 2013
Although percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been accepted as a standard method for the management of large renal stones, the incidence of renal hemorrhage is relatively high. This study investigated the variables that affect bleeding during PCNL. The medical records of 370 patients who underwent PCNL by a single surgeon from ...
Tanaka Michio - - 2013
To identify the parameters on noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) that best predict the success of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). We reviewed the records of 75 patients who underwent SWL for urinary calculi measuring 5 to 20 mm. Using NCCT images, we estimated the largest stone cross-sectional area and contoured the ...
Ji Yoon Seob - - 2013
Whereas sexual function has long been assumed to be an important component of adult men's lives, the impact of sexual dysfunction has not been estimated in parallel to other modern disease entities. We compared the seriousness of erectile dysfunction (ED) with that of other diseases by use of self-administered questionnaires. ...
Glass Allison S - - 2013
Today, the majority of men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer will present with low-risk features of the disease. Because prostate cancer often takes an insidious course, it is debated whether the majority of these men require radical treatment and the accompanying derangement of quality of life domains imposed by surgery, ...
Jeong U-Seok - - 2013
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a first-line treatment for pediatric urinary stone disease. We aimed to determine the factors affecting the outcome of ESWL for unilateral urinary stones in children. A total of 81 pediatric patients aged 0 to 16 years with urinary stones treated by ESWL from January ...
Seo Yumi - - 2013
Enterococcus faecalis is one of the most common pathogens linked to chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP). Owing to a limited number of previous studies addressing this topic, we aimed to determine the drug resistance patterns of E. faecalis strains isolated from CBP patients. One thousand twenty-one patients visited a single hospital ...
Kowalkowska Joanna - - 2013
The food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the food record (FR) are among the most common methods used in dietary research. It is important to know that is it possible to use both methods simultaneously in dietary assessment and prepare a single, comprehensive interpretation. The aim of this study was to ...
Kuratko Connye N - - 2013
Childhood is a period of brain growth and maturation. The long chain omega-3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), is a major lipid in the brain recognized as essential for normal brain function. In animals, low brain DHA results in impaired learning and behavior. In infants, DHA is important for optimal ...
Verbrugghe Adronie - - 2013
Research in various species has indicated that diets deficient in labile methyl groups (methionine, choline, betaine, folate) produce fatty liver and links to steatosis and metabolic syndrome, but also provides evidence of the importance of labile methyl group balance to maintain normal liver function. Cats, being obligate carnivores, rely on ...
Niu Y-F - - 2013
Iliac bone graft harvesting is a common procedure in spinal surgery and trauma center for spinal fusion and nonunion of the extremities. To compare the pain and cosmetic outcomes of patients undergoing iliac crest anatomical reconstruction using equivalent iliac crest allograft (R group) with those of patients without reconstruction of ...
Feizi Ten T The Glycosciences Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Oligosaccharide sequences in glycomes of eukaryotes and prokaryotes are enormously diverse. The reasons are not fully understood, but there is an increasing number of examples of the involvement of specific oligosaccharide sequences as ligands in protein-carbohydrate interactions in health and, directly or indirectly, in every major disease, be it infectious ...
Pinzone M R MR Department of Clinical and Molecular Biomedicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy. - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency is very common among HIV-infected subjects. We cross-sectionally evaluated the prevalence and risk factors for hypovitaminosis D in 91 HIV-infected Italian patients. We studied in a cohort of 91 HIV-infected Italian patients the metabolism of Vitamin D by evaluating the in vitro expression of CYP27B1, CYP24A1 and ...
Liu Jiping J Department of Pharmacology of Chinese Materia Medica, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, - - 2013
Diabetic encephalopathy (DE) is one of the severe complications in patients with diabetes mellitus. Paeonol, an active compound isolated from the root bark of Paeonia suffruticosa, has significant antidiabetic activity in vivo. However, its underlying beneficial effects on DE were unclear. In the present study, the protective activity of paeonol ...
Lauche R R Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany. - - 2013
This paper aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the effectiveness of Tai Chi for osteoarthritis of the knee. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus, PsycInfo and CAMBASE were screened through April 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing Tai Chi to control conditions were included. Two authors independently assessed risk of ...
Valdez Carmen R CR Department of Counseling Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2013
Although restrictive immigration policy is intended to reduce incentives for unauthorized immigrants to remain in the United States, many immigrants remain in their U.S. community despite the anti-immigration climate surrounding them. This study explores motivations shaping immigrants' intentions to stay in Arizona after passage of Senate Bill 1070 in 2010, ...
Moustafa Ahmed A AA New Jersey Health Care System, East Orange, New Jersey, USA. - - 2013
Prior studies have not tested individual differences or effects of medication dosage on stimulus-response learning in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). In the current study, we investigated the effects of motor variables (including tremor, akinesia, and disease duration) as well as dopaminergic medication dosage on learning in unmedicated PD patients, ...
SzuliƄska M M Department of Internal Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, - - 2013
Obesity and smoking are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cross-sectional studies indicate that heavy smoking may be associated with a greater risk of obesity. While there are important unresolved issues in relation to the effect of smoking on body weight, there is increasing evidence that smoking is conducive ...
Zarate Carlos C Experimental Therapeutics & Pathophysiology Branch, Division of Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, and Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2013
Clinical depression is a serious mental disorder characterized by low mood, anhedonia, loss of interest in daily activities, and other symptoms, and is associated with severe consequences including suicide and increased risk of cardiovascular events. Depression affects nearly 15% of the population. The standard of care for the last 50 ...
Malekinejad Hassan H Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran. - - 2013
The protective effect of hydroalcoholic extract of hawthorn berries (HBE) on acetic acid (AA)-induced colitis in rats was investigated. Forty-two Wistar rats were divided into seven groups, including control and test groups (n=6). The control animals received saline, and the test animals were treated with saline (sham group), mesalamine (50 ...
Alonso Eliana Noelia EN Science and Technology Center, Center of Renewable Natural Resources of the Semi-Arid Zone (CERZOS), National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, - - 2013
It is already known that the Maitake (D-Fraction) mushroom is involved in stimulating the immune system and activating certain cells that attack cancer, including macrophages, T-cells, and natural killer cells. According to the U.S. National Cancer Institute, polysaccharide complexes present in Maitake mushrooms appear to have significant anticancer activity. However, ...
Vetvicka Vaclav V Department of Pathology, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA. - - 2013
Despite the rather common presence of humic acid (HA), our full knowledge of its biological effect is still lacking. In this article, we first performed a physicochemical characterization of several HAs, and next, we evaluated their ability to affect interleukin-2 secretion, antibody secretion, wound healing (an in vitro model using ...
Cui Hao Zhen HZ Professional Graduate School of Oriental Medicine and College of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Jeonbuk, - - 2013
Lycopus lucidus Turcz has been widely used as a traditional Oriental medicine (TOM) in Korea and China and prescribed for the enhancement of heart function. However, the precise effects have yet to be defined. The purpose of the present study was, therefore, to address whether the ethanol extract of Lycopus ...
Thomas Ayanna K AK Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA. - - 2013
The present research compared metamemorial monitoring processes among younger adults, nondemented older adults, and older adults diagnosed with early stage Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type (DAT). In three experiments we examined the influence of intrinsic and extrinsic cues on Judgment of Learning (JOL) accuracy. Changes in association strength between cue-target ...
Salmon David P DP Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0948, USA. - - 2013
This study examined the impact of age and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype on the rate of cognitive decline in nondemented elderly participants in a simulated Alzheimer's disease (AD) primary prevention treatment trial carried out by the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study. Cognitive tests were administered at baseline and at four subsequent ...
Nikulina Valentina V Psychology Department, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, New York, NY 10019, - - 2013
There is extensive evidence of negative consequences of childhood maltreatment for IQ, academic achievement, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and increased attention to neurobiological consequences. However, few prospective studies have assessed the long-term effects of abuse and neglect on executive functioning. This study examined whether childhood abuse and neglect predicts ...
Park Kyung-Jin KJ University of Leipzig, Department of Cariology, Endodontology and Periodontology, Liebig Street 12, Haus 1, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. - - 2013
ABSTRACT. In clinical dental practice, it is often difficult or even impossible to detect and assess interfacial adhesive defects at adhesive restorations by means of visual inspection or other established diagnostic methods. However, nondestructive optical coherence tomography (OCT) may provide a better picture in this diagnostic scenario. The aim of ...
Yang Li-Yu LY Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, - - 2013
Kyphoplasty reduces the pain caused by osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). Although the procedure is typically carried out using a bilateral approach, it is now increasingly performed using a unilateral approach because of the concern for long-term adverse effects. However, little evidence is available to demonstrate superior safety of the ...
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