Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 3014
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Abuturab Muhammad Rafiq - - 2013
A novel information authentication system, i.e., an asymmetric optical interference of two beams in the gyrator transform (GT) domain, is proposed. In this algorithm, the input color image is divided into R, G, and B channels. The complex field of each channel is constructed by the inverse Fourier transform of ...
Li Qiang - - 2013
A method for measuring the refractive index (RI) of a small volume of liquid and a capillary wall is presented in this paper. A transparent capillary filled with liquid is used as a cylindrical positive lens; subsequently, the focal length of the lens is derived through the base of paraxial ...
Plosker Effie - - 2013
The orientation of remote objects can be easily measured optically and very accurately using optical technologies. In this paper, we address the accuracy of a roll angle estimation technique that is based on the estimation of the polarization of a retroreflected beam and is applied in a long-range measurement task. ...
Chen Yen-Yu - - 2013
A novel and efficient algorithm based on a modified Gerchberg-Saxton algorithm (MGSA) in the Fresnel domain is presented, together with mathematical derivation, and two pure phase-only masks (POMs) are generated. The algorithm's application to data hiding is demonstrated by a simulation procedure, in which a hidden image/logo is encoded into ...
Li Tuanjie - - 2013
Substantial evidence indicates that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are critical components in the process of cancer progression. However, the role of CAFs in the immunopathogenesis of human cancer remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that purified colorectal carcinoma-derived fibroblasts exhibit activated phenotypes characterized by substantial α-smooth muscle actin expression. These ...
Li Mo - - 2013
An infrared (IR) dual band multi-element detector with the abilities of dual band IR counter-countermeasure (IRCCM) and spatial filtering is presented for effective target detection in a complex tactical environment. The detection elements of the detector are specially arranged like a conventional reticle pattern. With special design, the ratio of ...
Jason Johan - - 2013
The temperature characteristics of the birefringence of side-hole fibers filled with liquids or metal are investigated, aiming at providing a basis for on/off temperature sensing. Short pieces of fiber are filled and the change in birefringence is registered using measurements in reflective mode of the transmitted power through a linear ...
Penna C C Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Biologiche, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia S. Luigi Gonzaga, Università di Torino, Regione Gonzole 10, 10043, Orbassano, TO, - - 2013
Postconditioning (PostC) can be obtained either with brief cycles of ischemia/reperfusion (I-PostC) or with a direct targeting of mitochondria with Diazoxide (pharmacological PostC, P-PostC). I-PostC may induce the activation of RISK and SAFE pathways and may favor nitric oxide production with S-Nitrosylation of proteins and redox signaling. It is not ...
Díaz José Antonio - - 2013
We obtain a closed-form analytical expression for the aberration-free point-spread function (PSF) of a system with a hexagonal pupil. The six-fold symmetric PSF consists of a nearly circular bright spot at the center surrounded by a thin dark ring and two each nearly hexagonal bright and dark rings, while maintaining ...
Schulze Christian - - 2013
We present the reconstruction of a laser beam wavefront from its mode spectrum and investigate in detail the impact of distinct aberrations on the mode composition. The measurement principle is presented on a Gaussian beam that is intentionally distorted by displaying defined aberrations on a spatial light modulator. The comparison ...
Wang Li - - 2013
Triptolide can cure a variety kinds of non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. It can interfere the cell cycle, active the caspase signaling pathway, inhibit the of expression vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), inhibit the activation of NF-κB, and through these ways to promote lung cancer cell death. Now the ...
Zhuang Fengjiang - - 2013
We present a continuous-wave (CW) intracavity frequency-doubled Yb:YAG laser providing 1030 and 515 nm output simultaneously. This laser system was designed for photothermal common-path interferometry to measure spatially resolved profiles of the linear absorption in dielectric media and coatings for visible or infrared light as well as of the nonlinear absorption ...
Wang Sheng-Ya - - 2013
We have developed a general approach to perform direct measurements of the pretilt angles from 0° to 75° in hybrid-aligned nematic (HAN) liquid-crystal cells whose cell gaps can also be accurately determined with the help of known pretilt angles. In this paper, we have used a Zeeman laser system to ...
He Changhong - - 2013
We present an enhanced multiposition method (EMM) to suppress the north finding error caused by bias drift with fiber optic gyroscopes (FOGs). The new proposal is a static method to find the true north, and it employs a differential strategy and a rotation scheme of increasing step angle. Using the ...
Shan Liqun - - 2013
Chest computed tomography (CT), particularly thin-slice high resolution CT, has low sensitivity and specificity for detecting pulmonary nodules <10 mm in size. This limitation leads to challenges in clinical diagnosis and treatment of small pulmonary nodules. This study introduces the use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for the diagnosis and ...
Ji Yuexia - - 2013
We have studied the laser operation of Yb:LaCOB crystal for what we believe is the first time. Adopting a plane-concave cavity, the laser properties were measured for the X-cut, Y-cut, and Z-cut crystals. The best output power of 3.2 W was obtained with a slope efficiency 69.90% by employing the Y-cut ...
Jiang Yi - - 2013
In this paper, we propose a new supervised manifold learning approach, supervised preserving projection (SPP), for the depth images of a 3D imaging sensor based on the time-of-flight (TOF) principle. We present a novel manifold sense to learn scene information produced by the TOF camera along with depth images. First, ...
Hamadani Behrang H - - 2013
An irradiance mode, absolute differential spectral response measurement system for solar cells is presented. The system is based on combining the monochromator-based approach of determining the power mode spectral responsivity of cells with an LED-based measurement to construct a curve representing the light-overfilled absolute spectral response of the entire cell. ...
Anevsky Sergey - - 2013
The spectral irradiance calibration of tungsten strip and spiral filament lamps applying synchrotron radiation revealed that the spectral irradiance in the wavelength range from 280 to 400 nm can be well approximated by blackbody radiation according to Planck's law. Consequently, the spectral irradiance of the filament lamp can then be described ...
Rauf Abdul - - 2013
We present a high-sensitivity and more flexible bend measurement method, which is based on the coupling of core mode to the cladding modes at the bending region in concatenation with optical fiber grating serving as band reflector. The characteristics of a bend sensing arm composed of bending region and optical ...
Kim Jung-Wook - - 2013
We propose a method for in-plane switching of vertically aligned negative liquid crystals (LCs) for high transmittance and wide viewing angle. By applying an in-plane electric field using a double-layered electrode structure, LC molecules can be rotated by the vertical as well as the in-plane components of the applied field ...
Wu Rengmao - - 2013
We propose dedicated road lighting, which is significantly superior to the existing lighting technologies for the city park and housing estate. This dedicated lighting employs freeform surfaces to effectively control the optical field of the LED source to produce three kinds of illumination modes for the curved road, straight road, ...
Kim Dokyoon - - 2013
Giant magnetoresistive (GMR) nanosensors provide a novel approach for measuring protein concentrations in blood for medical diagnosis. Using an in vivo mouse radiation model, we developed protocols for measuring Flt3 ligand (Flt3lg) and serum amyloid A1 (Saa1) in small amounts of blood collected during the first week after X-ray exposures ...
Fry Douglas P - - 2013
It has been argued that warfare evolved as a component of early human behavior within foraging band societies. We investigated lethal aggression in a sample of 21 mobile forager band societies (MFBS) derived systematically from the standard cross-cultural sample. We hypothesized, on the basis of mobile forager ethnography, that most ...
Johansson Henrik J - - 2013
About one-third of oestrogen receptor alpha-positive breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen relapse. Here we identify the nuclear receptor retinoic acid receptor alpha as a marker of tamoxifen resistance. Using quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics, we show that retinoic acid receptor alpha protein networks and levels differ in a tamoxifen-sensitive (MCF7) ...
Tomasoni Romana - - 2013
Synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is a member of the Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive-factor attachment protein receptors (SNARE) protein family, required for exocytosis of synaptic vesicles and regulation of diverse ion channels. Here, we show that acute reduction of SNAP-25 expression leads to an immature phenotype of dendritic spines that are, consistently, ...
Philippe Nadège - - 2013
Ten years ago, the discovery of Mimivirus, a virus infecting Acanthamoeba, initiated a reappraisal of the upper limits of the viral world, both in terms of particle size (>0.7 micrometers) and genome complexity (>1000 genes), dimensions typical of parasitic bacteria. The diversity of these giant viruses (the Megaviridae) was assessed ...
Naczynski D J - - 2013
The extension of in vivo optical imaging for disease screening and image-guided surgical interventions requires brightly emitting, tissue-specific materials that optically transmit through living tissue and can be imaged with portable systems that display data in real-time. Recent work suggests that a new window across the short-wavelength infrared region can ...
Wu J - - 2013
Electron motion in chemical bonds occurs on an attosecond timescale. This ultrafast motion can be driven by strong laser fields. Ultrashort asymmetric laser pulses are known to direct electrons to a certain direction. But do symmetric laser pulses destroy symmetry in breaking chemical bonds? Here we answer this question in ...
Gonsamo Alemu - - 2013
The timing of crucial events in plant life cycles is shifting in response to climate change. We use phenology records from PlantWatch Canada 'Citizen Science' networks to study recent rapid shifts of flowering phenology and its relationship with climate. The average first flower bloom day of 19 Canadian plant species ...
Gunanathan Chidambaram - - 2013
Conventional oxidations of organic compounds formally transfer hydrogen atoms from the substrate to an acceptor molecule such as oxygen, a metal oxide, or a sacrificial olefin. In acceptorless dehydrogenation (AD) reactions, catalytic scission of C-H, N-H, and/or O-H bonds liberates hydrogen gas with no need for a stoichiometric oxidant, thereby ...
Rui Guanghao - - 2013
Optical antennas have been utilized to tailor the emission properties of nanoscale emitters in terms of the intensity, directivity and polarization. In this letter, we further explore the capability of beam steering via the use a spiral plasmonic structure as a transmitting antenna. According to both numerical simulation and experimental ...
Costello Mark J - - 2013
Mora et al. disputed that most species will be discovered before they go extinct, but not our main recommendations to accelerate species' discoveries. We show that our conclusions would be unaltered by discoveries of more microscopic species and reinforce our estimates of species description and extinction rates, that taxonomic effort ...
Mahaffy Paul R - - 2013
Volume mixing and isotope ratios secured with repeated atmospheric measurements taken with the Sample Analysis at Mars instrument suite on the Curiosity rover are: carbon dioxide (CO2), 0.960(±0.007); argon-40 ((40)Ar), 0.0193(±0.0001); nitrogen (N2), 0.0189(±0.0003); oxygen, 1.45(±0.09) × 10(-3); carbon monoxide, < 1.0 × 10(-3); and (40)Ar/(36)Ar, 1.9(±0.3) × 10(3). The ...
Liao Xing - - 2013
The development of a lithographic method that can rapidly define nanoscale features across centimetre-scale surfaces has been a long-standing goal for the nanotechnology community. If such a 'desktop nanofab' could be implemented in a low-cost format, it would bring the possibility of point-of-use nanofabrication for rapidly prototyping diverse functional structures. ...
Yoon Woojun - - 2013
Nanocrystal quantum dots (QD) show great promise toward improving solar cell efficiencies through the use of quantum confinement to tune absorbance across the solar spectrum and enable multi-exciton generation. Despite this remarkable potential for high photocurrent generation, the achievable open-circuit voltage (Voc) is fundamentally limited due to non-radiative recombination processes ...
Lee Dongwon - - 2013
The main culprit in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the most abundant form of ROS produced during I/R, causes inflammation, apoptosis and subsequent tissue damages. Here, we report H2O2-responsive antioxidant nanoparticles formulated from copolyoxalate containing vanillyl alcohol (VA) ...
Maitz Manfred F - - 2013
Bio-responsive polymer architectures can empower medical therapies by engaging molecular feedback-response mechanisms resembling the homeostatic adaptation of living tissues to varying environmental constraints. Here we show that a blood coagulation-responsive hydrogel system can deliver heparin in amounts triggered by the environmental levels of thrombin, the key enzyme of the coagulation ...
Pan Junqing - - 2013
The automobile industry consumed 9 million metric tons of lead in 2012 for lead-acid batteries. Recycling lead from spent lead-acid batteries is not only related to the sustainable development of the lead industry, but also to the reduction of lead pollution in the environment. The existing lead pyrometallurgical processes have ...
Homoky William B - - 2013
Oceanic iron inputs must be traced and quantified to learn how they affect primary productivity and climate. Chemical reduction of iron in continental margin sediments provides a substantial dissolved flux to the oceans, which is isotopically lighter than the crust, and so may be distinguished in seawater from other sources, ...
Mahler D Luke - - 2013
G. G. Simpson, one of the chief architects of evolutionary biology's modern synthesis, proposed that diversification occurs on a macroevolutionary adaptive landscape, but landscape models are seldom used to study adaptive divergence in large radiations. We show that for Caribbean Anolis lizards, diversification on similar Simpsonian landscapes leads to striking ...
Gillis Elisabeth - - 2013
Aortic aneurysm, including both abdominal aortic aneurysm and thoracic aortic aneurysm, is the cause of death of 1% to 2% of the Western population. This review focuses only on thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections. During the past decade, the genetic contribution to the pathogenesis of thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections ...
Tay Song Buck - - 2013
Conventional leaching (extraction) methods for gold recovery from electronic waste involve the use of strong acids and pose considerable threat to the environment. The alternative use of bioleaching microbes for gold recovery is non-pollutive and relies on the secretion of a lixiviant or (bio)chemical such as cyanide for extraction of ...
Mora Camilo - - 2013
Costello et al. (Review, 25 January 2013, p. 413) challenged the common view that many species are disappearing before being described. We suggest that their conclusion is overly optimistic because of a limited selection and interpretation of available evidence that tends to overestimate rates of species description and underestimate the ...
Santagata Sandro S Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2013
The ribosome is centrally situated to sense metabolic states, but whether its activity, in turn, coherently rewires transcriptional responses is unknown. Here, through integrated chemical-genetic analyses, we found that a dominant transcriptional effect of blocking protein translation in cancer cells was inactivation of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), a multifaceted ...
Longkumer Toshisangba - - 2013
While analyzing plasmids of Acinetobacter sp. DS002 we have detected a circular DNA molecule pTS236, which upon further investigation is identified as the genome of a phage. The phage genome has shown sequence similarity to the recently discovered Sphinx 2.36 DNA sequence co-purified with the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) particles ...
Sebag Julien A JA Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2013
The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) is essential for control of energy homeostasis in vertebrates. MC4R interacts with melanocortin receptor accessory protein 2 (MRAP2) in vitro, but its functions in vivo are unknown. We found that MRAP2a, a larval form, stimulates growth of zebrafish by specifically blocking the action of MC4R. In ...
Liu Meng-Lu - - 2013
Cell fate can be reprogrammed by modifying intrinsic and extrinsic cues. Here we show that two small molecules (forskolin and dorsomorphin) enable the transcription factor Neurogenin 2 (NGN2) to convert human fetal lung fibroblasts into cholinergic neurons with high purity (>90%) and efficiency (up to 99% of NGN2-expressing cells). The ...
Asai Masato M Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
Melanocortin receptor accessory proteins (MRAPs) modulate signaling of melanocortin receptors in vitro. To investigate the physiological role of brain-expressed melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein 2 (MRAP2), we characterized mice with whole-body and brain-specific targeted deletion of Mrap2, both of which develop severe obesity at a young age. Mrap2 interacts directly ...
Akemann Walther - - 2013
Voltage-sensitive fluorescent proteins (VSFPs) are a family of genetically-encoded voltage indicators (GEVIs) reporting membrane voltage fluctuation from genetically-targeted cells in cell cultures to whole brains in awake mice as demonstrated earlier using 1-photon (1P) fluorescence excitation imaging. However, in-vivo 1P imaging captures optical signals only from superficial layers and does ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >