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Gotesman Michael M University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, - - 2013
Common carp (including ornamental koi carp) Cyprinus carpio L. are ecologically and economically important freshwater fish in Europe and Asia. C. carpio have recently been endangered by a third cyprinid herpesvirus, known as cyprinid herpesvirus-3 (CyHV-3), the etiological agent of koi herpesvirus disease (KHVD), which causes significant morbidity and mortality ...
Lee Dongwook - - 2013
Graphene oxide has recently been considered to be a potential replacement for cadmium-based quantum dots due to its expected high fluorescence. Although previously reported, the origin of the luminescence in graphene oxide is still controversial. Here, we report the presence of core/valence excitons in graphene-based materials, a basic ingredient for ...
Khattab Ahmed A - - 2013
Aims: To investigate a pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion (PICSO) system in an ischaemia/reperfusion model. Methods and results: We randomly assigned 18 pigs subjected to 60 minutes ischaemia by left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery balloon occlusion to PICSO (n=12, groups A and B) or to controls (n=6, group C). ...
Patanasatienkul Thitiwan - - 2013
Juvenile pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon O. keta were sampled by beach or purse seine to assess levels of sea lice infestation in the Knight Inlet and Broughton Archipelago regions of coastal British Columbia, Canada, during the months of March to July from 2003 to 2012. Beach seine ...
Cowan Tim - - 2013
In the late twentieth century, the sub-thermocline waters of the southern tropical and subtropical Indian Ocean experienced a sharp cooling. This cooling has been previously attributed to an anthropogenic aerosol-induced strengthening of the global ocean conveyor, which transfers heat from the subtropical gyre latitudes toward the North Atlantic. From the ...
Meredith Ian T - - 2013
Aims: The EVOLVE FHU trial demonstrated non-inferiority of six-month late loss with two dose formulations of SYNERGY, a novel bioabsorbable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (EES) compared with the durable polymer PROMUS Element (PE) EES. The current analysis describes the six-month IVUS and clinical results through two years from the EVOLVE FHU ...
Banerjee Mayukh - - 2013
Arsenic in drinking water may cause major deleterious health impacts including death. Although arsenic in rice has recently been demonstrated to be a potential exposure route for humans, there has been to date no direct evidence for the impact of such exposure on human health. Here we show for the ...
Folli Viola - - 2013
Because of the huge commercial importance of granular systems, the second-most used material in industry after water, intersecting the industry in multiple trades, like pharmacy and agriculture, fundamental research on grain-like materials has received an increasing amount of attention in the last decades. In photonics, the applications of granular materials ...
Baumer A - - 2013
Cyprinid herpesvirus-3 (CyHV-3, koi herpesvirus, KHV) is the causative agent of an economically important disease in carp. The mode of transmission of this virus, especially how the infectious agent is introduced into ponds de novo, is not known in detail. The aim of this study was to investigate the shedding ...
Tamura Atsushi - - 2013
The intracellular delivery of enzymes is an essential methodology to extend their therapeutic application. Herein, we have developed dissociable supermolecule-enzyme polyelectrolyte complexes based on reduction-cleavable cationic polyrotaxanes (PRXs) for the reactivation of delivered enzymes. These PRXs are characterized by their supramolecular frameworks of a polymeric chain threading into cyclic molecules, ...
Chen Gong - - 2013
Weeds are important in the ecology of field crops, and when crops are harvested, weeds often become the main hosts for plant viruses and their insect vectors. Few studies, however, have examined the relationships between plant viruses, vectors, and weeds. Here, we investigated how infection of the weed Datura stramonium ...
Paul-Pont Ika - - 2013
The ostreid herpesvirus OsHV-1 has the potential to devastate Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas culture in Australia as it has done in many other countries, highlighting the need for a better understanding of disease expression and transmission. The aim of this study was to assess the spatial distribution of OsHV-1-associated mortalities ...
Santoro Mario - - 2013
We examined pathological changes and relationship between body condition index (BCI) and parasitic infection in 5 species of fish, including 42 icefish Chionodraco hamatus (Channichtyidae), 2 dragonfish Cygnodraco mawsoni (Bathydraconidae), 30 emerald rock cod Trematomus bernacchii, 46 striped rock cod T. hansoni and 9 dusty rock cod T. newnesi (Nototheniidae) ...
Denardo Scott J - - 2013
Aims: We sought to describe the response of the polymer surface of drug-eluting stents (DES) to delivery balloon expansion, including quantitation of any resulting detached microparticles. Methods and results: We expanded the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved first- and second-generation DES in a vacuum filtration system and used optical ...
Marchese Nicola - - 2013
Aims: To evaluate the relationship between the anatomic features of the fossa ovalis (FO) and residual right-to-left shunt (RLS) after percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure with AMPLATZER PFO occluder devices. Methods and results: FO anatomic features were assessed by intracardiac echocardiography in 127 patients with large RLS at contrast-enhanced ...
Sun Bing - - 2013
The key factor to improve the electrochemical performance of Li-O2 batteries is to find effective cathode catalysts to promote the oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reactions. Herein, we report the synthesis of an effective cathode catalyst of ruthenium nanocrystals supported on carbon black substrate by a surfactant assisting method. The ...
Dangoisse Vincent - - 2013
Aims: The transradial approach (TRA) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) recently emerged as a safer vascular access with a similar rate of MACE but a lower success rate requiring crossover to another approach when compared to the transfemoral approach (TFA). Methods and results: In our hospital the introduction of the ...
Ye Heng-Yun - - 2013
Ferroelectricity is essential to many forms of current technology, ranging from sensors and actuators to optical or memory devices. In this circumstance, organic ferroelectrics are of particular importance because of their potential application in tomorrow's organic devices, and several pure organic ferroelectrics have been recently developed. However, some problems, such ...
Liang Zhen-Yang - - 2013
Aims: The current study sought to evaluate the clinical impact of newly reported genetic variations and their association with clopidogrel high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods and results: The study enrolled 1,016 consecutive patients with ACS undergoing DES implantation. ...
Koebis Michinori - - 2013
Phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligonucleotide (PMO)-mediated control of the alternative splicing of the chloride channel 1 (CLCN1) gene is a promising treatment for myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) because the abnormal splicing of this gene causes myotonia in patients with DM1. In this study, we optimised a PMO sequence to correct Clcn1 ...
Liu Bing-Hong - - 2013
A Raman remote spectroscopy system was established by using flexible hollow fibers (HFs) as laser excitation fiber and signal collection fiber. Experimental evaluations with various optical fiber combinations were carried out. Experiments were conducted by using silver-coated HFs as both remote transmission fiber and sample cells for liquid sample detection. ...
Zhang Chong - - 2013
Theoretic and experimental studies of the Talbot effect of quasi-periodic gratings are performed in this paper. The diffractions of periodic and quasi-periodic square aperture arrays in Fresnel fields are analyzed according to the scalar diffraction theory. The expressions of the diffraction intensities of two types of quasi-periodic gratings are deduced. ...
Gao Meng - - 2013
Holographic imaging has proved to be useful for spherical particle characterization, including the retrieval of particle size, refractive index, and 3D location. In this method, the interference pattern of the incident and scattered light fields is recorded by a camera and compared with the relevant Lorenz-Mie solutions. However, the method ...
Shen Jian - - 2013
It has been proven that cobrotoxin has anti-tumor effect while its role in lung cancer is rarely studied. The aim of this study is to assay the anti-tumor effect of cobrotoxin in cell line A549, and also to explore its possible mechanism related to autophagy and P38-MARK pathway. Using MTT ...
Vollmerhausen Richard - - 2013
On moonless nights, airglow is the primary source of natural ground illumination in the near infrared and shortwave infrared spectral bands. Therefore, night vision imagers operating in these spectral bands view targets that are diffusely illuminated. Aerosol scattering of diffuse airglow illumination causes atmospheric path radiance and that radiance causes ...
Ge Hui - - 2013
To those patients with advanced lung cancer, the ultimate objective is to improve the curative effect and quality of life, lung function indexes are an important factor. We investigate the change of lung function and the relationship between pulmonary function indexs and survival time in patients with advanced lung cancer. ...
Yang Xinjie - - 2013
Background and objective It has been proven that icotinib hydrochloride, as a molecule targeted drug, can be safely and efficiently used to treat advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) for second-line or third-line. This research was aimed to investigate the efficacy and toxicity of icotinib hydrochloride as the first-line therapy ...
Rezaei F - - 2013
Aluminum spectra in the noble gases of helium and argon at initial delay times after plasma formation are numerically calculated. Temporal behavior of plasma emissions up to 200 ns after laser irradiation is investigated. Plasma parameters are computed by coupling the thermal model of laser ablation, hydrodynamic of plasma expansion, and ...
Chen Na-Na - - 2013
A new kind of polymer porous fiber with elliptical air-holes is designed for obtaining high birefringence in the terahertz (THz) frequency range in this paper. Using the finite element method, the properties of this kind of fiber are simulated in detail including the single-mode propagation condition, the birefringence, and the ...
Zeng Yuanyuan - - 2013
As a member of the cadherin superfamily, E-cadherin plays a critical role in the maintenance of cell polarity and integrity. And E-cadherin was reported to be down-regulated and closely related to tumor initiation, invasion and metastasis. There have been a number of studies investigating the methylation of E-cadherin promoter in ...
- - 2013
Schmallenberg virus (SBV) disease confirmed in suckler calves in Dumfriesshire Botulism in indoor-housed artificially reared dairy calves Mastitis, udder lesions and joint infections in a dairy herd due to Mycoplasma bovis Colitis in ewes associated with Listeria monocytogenes infection Erysipelas in young breeding turkeys These are among matters discussed in ...
Lin Yu-Hsuan - - 2013
A filtering macrolens was developed to simultaneously achieve macro-optical imaging and correct spectrum aberration. The macrolens was a doublet lens comprising a filtering lens and a close-up lens. The shape of the filtering lens was designed to eliminate the optical path differences between the light rays in the absorbing medium. ...
Ma Zhen-Bin - - 2013
The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between KAI1/CD82 gene polymorphisms and colorectal cancer (CRC)-risk predisposition. We undertook a case-control study to analyze two KAI1/CD82 polymorphisms (exon 3 -29166 C>T and exon 9 -52840 C>A) in an Han Chinese population, by extraction of genomic DNA from the ...
Min Eun Jung - - 2013
We propose a single-step method appropriated for a fiber-optic probe-based full-range spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). The fiber-optic probe was scanned over a sample with a magnetically driven actuator. In the reference arm, a phase shift of π/2 was applied during two neighbor axial scanning, from which the complex ...
Wu Xuecheng - - 2013
We propose an asymmetric wavelet method to reconstruct a particle from a hologram illuminated by an elliptical, astigmatic Gaussian beam. The particle can be reconstructed by a convolution of the asymmetric wavelet and hologram. The reconstructed images have the same size and resolution as the recorded hologram; therefore, the reconstructed ...
Guddati Achuta K - - 2013
Prompt identification and treatment of life-threatening oncological conditions is of utmost importance and should always be included in the differential diagnosis. Oncological emergencies can have a myriad of presentations ranging from mechanical obstruction due to tumor growth to metabolic conditions due to abnormal secretions from the tumor. Notably, hematologic and ...
Avanaki Mohammad R N - - 2013
This paper presents an algorithm for reducing speckle noise from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images using an artificial neural network (ANN) algorithm. The noise is modeled using Rayleigh distribution with a noise parameter, sigma, estimated by the ANN. The input to the ANN is a set of intensity and wavelet ...
Zhang Renyan - - 2013
We investigate the lateral variations of photocurrent on CdS/Al interfaces, with a combination of a semiconductor characterization system and scanning near-field optical microscopy, in which the near-field probe is used to locally induce photocurrent on the CdS/Al interfaces with high spatial resolution. By analyzing the spatially resolved photoresponse, we find ...
Yan Lijuan - - 2013
The international multidisciplinary classification of lung adenocarcinoma sponsored by International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society in 2011, addresses the classification which is appropriate for resection specimens, small biopsies and cytology, respectively for the first time. For resection specimens, new concepts are introduced such as ...
Liang Dawei - - 2013
To significantly improve the present-day high-power solar laser beam quality, a three-stage multi-Fresnel lenses approach is proposed for side-pumping either a Nd:YAG single-crystal or a core-doped Sm<sup>3+</sup>Nd:YAG ceramic rod. Optimum pumping and laser beam parameters are found through ZEMAX and LASCAD numerical analysis. The proposed scheme offers a uniform absorption ...
Liu Yi - - 2013
Lung cancer with brain metastasis was 23% to 65%, and is the most common type in brain metastasis tumors with the poor prognosis. At present, diagnosis and treatment of brain metastases from lung carcinoma and its molecular mechanism have become one hot spot of amount researches. Here, we made a ...
Tang Chuanhao - - 2013
For advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who benefited from prior epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) therapy, the choice of a second TKI therapy has gradually become a new strategy for the treatment. Some investigators recommend that the second therapy should be continued with the original ...
Charrière Renée - - 2013
This paper aims at showing that performing color calibration of an RGB camera can be achieved even in the case where the optical system before the camera introduces strong color distortion. In the present case, the optical system is a microscope containing a halogen lamp, with a nonuniform irradiance on ...
Hsieh Chi-Chang - - 2013
A well designed headlamp for a vehicle lighting system is very important as it provides drivers with safe and comfortable driving conditions at night or in dark places. With the advances of the semiconductor technology, the LED has become the fourth generation lighting source in the auto industry. In this ...
Canessa Pier Aldo - - 2013
The aim of this study based on the third phase of the architecture of diagnostic research was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP) in pleural exudative effusions (PE) compared to the histology obtained by medical thoracoscopy as the diagnostic gold standard examination. We assessed 104 ...
Lu Jie - - 2013
The band structure of a two-dimensional photonic crystal (PhC) formed by a triangular lattice of air columns in a gyromagnetic material is investigated in the case when an external dc magnetic field is applied to it. It is shown that large magnetic-field-induced (MFI) bandgap is obtainable by optimizing the parameters ...
Kumar Prashant - - 2013
We propose a calibration-free algorithm for retrieval of elemental concentrations using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. This is a simple and improved version of other ratio-based algorithms as it needs only one trial parameter to estimate all other concentrations. The present algorithm has been used to estimate the composition of a brass ...
Holmes Richard - - 2013
The question of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in intensity interferometry has been revisited in recent years, as researchers have realized that various innovations can offer significant improvements in SNR. These innovations include improved signal processing. Two such innovations, the use of positivity and the use of knowledge of the general shape ...
Sykes Ben - - 2013
As with clinical skills, veterinary business skills cannot be acquired overnight and developing them should be part of the process of lifelong learning, says Ben Sykes.
Hicks Brian A - - 2013
We describe a high etendue (0.12  cm<sup>2</sup> sr) camera that, without moving parts, simultaneously images four ultraviolet bands centered at 140, 175, 215, and 255 nm on a single detector into a minimum of ∼7500 resolution elements. In addition to being an efficient way to make color photometric measurements of a static scene, ...
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