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Results 201 - 250 of 3014
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Long Michael W - - 2013
Increasing school-day physical activity through policy and programs is commonly suggested to prevent obesity and improve overall child health. However, strategies that focus on school-day physical activity may not increase total physical activity if youth compensate by reducing physical activity outside of school. Objectively measured, nationally representative physical activity data ...
Ellis Samantha - - 2013
It has been well known for decades that high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) generates heat in tissues resulting in coagulative necrosis. Implementation, however, has been slow, due to difficulties with finding an appropriate imaging modality that could not only guide treatment, but also provide real-time thermal feedback. These problems have ...
Phero James C - - 2013
Patients with a history of difficult intubation or with conditions associated with difficult airway should be approached with organized primary and secondary plans for airway management. When these potential problems are detected, patient safety may be improved with use of advanced airway management techniques and equipment. Additionally, patient referral for ...
de Waure Chiara - - 2013
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is responsible for about 15% of all deaths worldwide and is identified as a top priority for decision makers. Both primary and secondary prevention are considered key strategies in the prevention of CHD. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of nonpharmacologic interventions ...
Kim Kwang-Il - - 2013
From the avian influenza virus (AIV) outbreaks and market surveillances in Vietnam during November 2011 and March 2012, a total of 196 AIV were isolated. Although H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) was the most prevalent subtype in Vietnam, 57 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses were identified from mainly ...
Faruki H - - 2013
The expansion of genetic testing in the clinical laboratory is well under way, with many clinically validated genetic tests already in use. As sequencing technology becomes more efficient and less costly, clinical laboratories will make the transition from single-gene testing to multigene panels. Early, more targeted applications will gradually be ...
Yanes Oscar - - 2013
Mass spectrometry advances in single-cell metabolomics enable the discovery of a new biological insight that is not accessible from population-level studies. A new study reveals that single baker's yeast cells provide sufficient material to study chemical and genetic inhibition of glycolysis and identifies metabolic subpopulations that would be invisible in ...
Feudtner Chris - - 2013
Palliative care is now a core component of pediatric care for children and families who are confronting serious illness with a low likelihood of survival. Pediatric surgeons, in partnership with pediatric palliative care teams, can play a pivotal role in assuring that these patients receive the highest possible quality of ...
Siloto E V - - 2013
Aflatoxins (AF) and fumonisins (FU) are a major problem faced by poultry farmers, leading to huge economic losses. This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of AF (1 mg/kg of feed) and FU (25 mg/kg of feed), singly or in combination, on the lipid metabolism in commercial layers and ...
Deshpande Sagar S - - 2013
The investigators hypothesized that low-dose hyperfractionated radiation would impair mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) in a murine mandibular model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent fractionated radiation (30 Gy) of the left mandible. After a 2-week recovery period, an external frame distractor was applied and gradual distraction of the mandible was performed. Tissue ...
Smith Randi R Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco General Health, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Building 3A, Box 0807, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2013
A violence intervention program (VIP) developed at our trauma center resulted in a reduction of injury recidivism to 4% from a historical rate of 16%. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility of exporting our program to another trauma center by examining rates of and identifying potential barriers to recruitment, ...
Agner Tove - - 2013
Several instruments for the assessment of the severity of hand eczema and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) related to hand eczema have been developed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between frequently used methods. Consecutive patients with current hand eczema from three different centres participated ...
Scorrano Luca - - 2013
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that participate in energy conversion, metabolism, signaling and apoptosis. To fulfill their multiple tasks, mitochondria come in varied morphologies and ultrastructures resulting from the equilibrium between fusion and fission, Furthermore, they are in close contact with the endoplasmic reticulum generating an essential interface in cell physiology ...
Shah A - - 2013
Central venous catheterisation is a commonly performed procedure in anaesthesia, critical care, acute and emergency medicine. Traditionally, subclavian venous catheterisation has been performed using the landmark technique and because of the complications associated with this technique, it is not commonly performed in the United Kingdom - where the accepted practice ...
Chu Eric - - 2013
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is often treated conservatively or with epidural blood patch. Patients who are resistant to these treatments require accurate imaging localisation of the site of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak for surgical repair. We describe two patients where MRI, CT myelography and MRI gadolinium myelography showed evidence of a ...
Adeola O - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to determine the ileal digestibility of P in potassium phosphate, phytase-related ileal digestible P release, bone-mineralization-based ileal digestible P equivalency of phytase, and phytase-related efficiency of ileal digestible P utilization for bone mineralization in broiler chickens at 2 dietary concentrations of highly soluble Ca ...
Morita Yusuke - - 2013
Three-dimensional geometric morphometric techniques have been widely used in quantitative comparisons of craniofacial morphology in humans and nonhuman primates. However, few anatomical landmarks can actually be defined on the neurocranium. In this study, an alternative method is proposed for defining semi-landmarks on neurocranial surfaces for use in detailed analysis of ...
Smith W B WB - - 2013
Introduction:  Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a highly prevalent condition affecting nearly one in five men worldwide. The advent of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) has revolutionised the ED treatment landscape and provided effective, minimally invasive therapies to restore male sexual function. Materials and methods:  A pubmed search was performed of ...
Fang Chi-Hua - - 2013
The aim of our study was to evaluate the perioperative and long-term outcomes of hepatectomy based on 3-dimensional reconstruction technique for hepatolithiasis by comparing it with traditional hepatectomy. From December 2005 to September 2012, 56 consecutive patients underwent hepatectomy based on 3-dimensional reconstruction technique for hepatolithiasis in our hospital (group ...
van der Pol C W - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that RH during incubation of chicken eggs influences water loss from the egg and embryonic mortality. In those studies, eggshell temperatures (EST) were not monitored or controlled. Because RH influences the egg's heat loss through evaporation, EST might have been different between RH treatments, influencing embryonic ...
Baer Russell A - - 2013
The study evaluated 1-piece implants in daily clinical situations. One-piece implants restoring both single teeth and partially edentulous sites were included. A single-stage procedure was used with immediate provisionalization within 24 hours after surgery. The definitive prosthesis was delivered within 6 months of implant insertion. One hundred fifteen implants have ...
Wardlaw Joanna M JM Neuroimaging Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is a common accompaniment of ageing. Features seen on neuroimaging include recent small subcortical infarcts, lacunes, white matter hyperintensities, perivascular spaces, microbleeds, and brain atrophy. SVD can present as a stroke or cognitive decline, or can have few or no symptoms. SVD frequently coexists with ...
Alam M Intakhab - - 2013
Abstract The present study was aimed to evaluate the nanostrucured lipid carriers (NLC) containing duloxetine (DLX-NLC) for intranasal infusion through the nasal cavity of rat. The in vivo nasal infusion studies were performed using Wistar rats and the amount of DLX permeated and its amount in brain and blood was ...
Ohler Kirsten H - - 2013
The effects of two prophylactic palivizumab schedules on hospitalization of neonates for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) were compared. This retrospective study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary care, academic medical center. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 (hospitalized between October 2005 and ...
Keith David A - - 2013
Founded in 1811, the Massachusetts General Hospital recently celebrated its bicentennial. The War of 1812 delayed construction of the building so the first patient actually was admitted to the hospital 10 years later, on September 3, 1821. By 1823, the 60 hospital beds were full. Patient 66 was admitted on ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether measurement of the plasma calprotectin (S100A8/A9) level can be used to enable safe exclusion of acute appendicitis in children presenting to the emergency department with abdominal pain. Four studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of ...
Todd David W - - 2013
Even simple oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures can become challenging when the child patient has a high degree of fear and anxiety. This article reviews differences in anatomy and physiology between the adult and pediatric patient, preanesthetic assessment, fasting guidelines, and choices of sedation routes, and discusses equipment options for ...
Staes Catherine C Department of Biomedical Informatics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA. - - 2013
Outbreaks of health-care-associated infections related to compounding pharmacies from 2000 through 2012 are described. PubMed and the websites for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration were searched to identify infectious outbreaks associated with compounding pharmacies outside the hospital setting between January 2000 and ...
Glasgow Russell E - - 2013
Pragmatic measures are important to facilitate implementation and dissemination, address stakeholder issues, and drive quality improvement. This paper proposes necessary and recommended criteria for pragmatic measures, provides examples of projects to develop and identify such measures, addresses potential concerns about these recommendations, and identifies areas for future research and application. ...
Segal Nancy L - - 2013
Switched-at-birth twins from Las Palmas, Gran Canaria in Spain drew international attention in May 2008 following news reports of their unexpected reunion. I visited Las Palmas in September 2009 to research this case and presented the findings in Segal and Blandón-Gitlin (Twin Research and Human Genetics, Vol. 13, 2010, pp. ...
Kim Hye-Ryoung - - 2013
This study was conducted to characterize infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) viruses isolated from poultry in South Korea using RFLP analysis of PCR products. Seven wild-type Korean isolates from commercial chicken farms collected between 1986 and 2012 were compared with 3 imported commercial vaccine strains [LT Blen (Hudson strain, United States), Laryngo ...
O'Rourke P P - - 2013
As advances in genomic medicine have captured the interest and enthusiasm of the public, an unintended consequence has been the creation of unrealistic expectations. Because these expectations may have a negative impact on individuals as well as genomics in general, it is important that they be understood and confronted.
Kaltman Steven I - - 2013
The safe and efficient use of outpatient surgical anesthesia modalities is a significant part of the training and expertise of the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Although adverse outcomes are rare, they can have considerable traumatic psychological and professional consequences for the surgeon involved. The goal of this article is to ...
Statter Mindy B - - 2013
The cultural, ethnic, religious, socioeconomic, and educational diversity of the patient population and the expanded surgical options provided by innovation and technology can pose significant ethical challenges. The questions confronting pediatric surgeons and their patients' families have greater complexity, and both the pediatric surgeon and the family perceive increasing vulnerability ...
Guney A C - - 2013
Manufacturers of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) are changing practices to extract corn oil from DDGS in the process of ethanol production. The resulting product is called low-oil DDGS (LO-DDGS) and may be included in broiler diets. Two LO-DDGS and one unextracted DDGS were used in a broiler performance ...
Flügge Tabea Viktoria - - 2013
To present an efficient workflow for the production of implant drilling guides using virtual planning tools. For this purpose, laser surface scanning, cone beam computed tomography, computer-aided design and manufacturing, and 3-dimensional (3D) printing were combined. Intraoral optical impressions (iTero, Align Technologies, Santa Clara, CA) and digital 3D radiographs (cone ...
Manasadeepa R - - 2013
Abstract Local drug delivery for periodontal diseases is still a challenge due to very short residence time, involuntary swallowing and salivary wash-out. Present study is, therefore, an attempt to develop pressure-sensitive adhesive polymers-based mucoadhesive dental patches to ensure satisfactory prolonged release of drugs, to treat periodontal diseases locally. Polymers such ...
Berlin Joshua M - - 2013
Instructions: In answering each question, refer to the specific directions provided. Because it is often necessary to provide information occurring later in a series that give away answers to earlier questions, please answer the questions in each series in sequence.
Seemann Rudolf - - 2013
The palatal sinus lift is a good choice for patients with scarred buccal soft tissue and those with poor wound healing such as smokers or diabetics or when visual side effects such as swelling must be concealed. We provide a surgical protocol for palatal sinus lifting without a vertical release ...
Xiao T Sam TS Structural Immunobiology Unit, Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2013
The nucleotidyl transferase cGAS, its second-messenger product cGAMP, and the cGAMP sensor STING form the basic mechanism of DNA sensing in the cytoplasm of mammalian cells. Several new reports now uncover key structural features associated with DNA recognition by cGAS and the catalytic mechanisms of cGAMP generation. Concurrent studies also ...
Ilik Ibrahim Avsar IA Max-Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Stübeweg 51, 79108 Freiburg im Breisgau, - - 2013
Dosage compensation in Drosophila is an epigenetic phenomenon utilizing proteins and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) for transcriptional upregulation of the male X chromosome. Here, by using UV crosslinking followed by deep sequencing, we show that two enzymes in the Male-Specific Lethal complex, MLE RNA helicase and MSL2 ubiquitin ligase, bind ...
Maenner Sylvain - - 2013
Dosage compensation in Drosophila involves a global activation of genes on the male X chromosome. The activating complex (MSL-DCC) consists of male-specific-lethal (MSL) proteins and two long, noncoding roX RNAs. The roX RNAs are essential for X-chromosomal targeting, but their contributions to MSL-DCC structure and function are enigmatic. Conceivably, the ...
Wutz Anton A Institute of Molecular Health Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zürich, Schafmattstrasse 22, 8049 Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
Spreading of dosage compensation over the X chromosome in Drosophila males requires the noncoding roX1 and roX2 RNAs. In this issue, Ilik et al. (2013) and Maenner et al. (2013) show that these RNAs contain discrete binding sites that are remodeled during assembly of the dosage compensation complex.
Verdin Eric - - 2013
In this issue of Molecular Cell, Weinert et al. (2013) demonstrate that the intermediary metabolite acetyl-phosphate is an important acetyl donor that contributes to global protein acetylation in growth-arrested E. coli.
D'Ascenzo Fabrizio - - 2013
Aims: In patients undergoing surgical valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis, female gender was associated with worse outcomes, not persisting after multivariable adjustment for baseline clinical differences, while contrasting data are reported about TAVI. Methods and results: From January 2007 to December 2011 all patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis ...
Jenkins Cheryl - - 2013
Between November 2010 and January 2011, triploid Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oysters) cultivated in the Georges River, New South Wales, experienced >95% mortality. Mortalities also occurred in wild diploid C. gigas in the Georges River and shortly thereafter in the adjacent Parramatta River estuary upstream from Sydney Harbour. Neighbouring Saccostrea glomerata ...
Yang P - - 2013
In the study, we analyzed role of p53 in predicting outcome in visceral metastasis breast cancer (VMBC) patients. 97 consecutive VMBC patients were studied. P53 positivity rate was 29.9%. In the p53-negative group, median disease free survival (DFS), and time from primary breast cancer diagnosis to death (OS1), time from ...
Panasewicz Anna - - 2013
Aims: Long-term health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the elderly after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. We 1) compared HRQOL of elderly (≥70 years) with younger patients (<70 years) at 6, 12, 36 months post-PCI, and 2) examined whether predictors of impaired HRQOL 36 months post-PCI differed between older ...
Landsberg Jan H - - 2013
A multispecies amphibian larval mortality event, primarily affecting American bullfrogs Lithobates catesbeianus, was investigated during April 2011 at the Mike Roess Gold Head Branch State Park, Clay County, Florida, USA. Freshly dead and moribund tadpoles had hemorrhagic lesions around the vent and on the ventral body surface, with some exhibiting ...
Chou Chun-Hsien - - 2013
The use of flat-plane solar concentrators is an effective approach toward collecting sunlight economically and without sun trackers. The optical concentrators are, however, usually made of rigid glass or plastics having limited flexibility, potentially restricting their applicability. In this communication, we describe flexible waveguiding photovoltaics (FWPVs) that exhibit high optical ...
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