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Lerwick Julie L - - 2013
The prevalence of childhood surgical illness and injury requiring hospitalization suggests the need for implementation of an applied intervention to decrease levels of anxiety in these patients. When psychological concerns are not addressed in the present moment, potential for long-term negative psychological effects occur. To respond to the psychosocial needs ...
Demaso David R - - 2013
Surgery is challenging for children and their families, calling upon them to cope with an invasive procedure, deal with the uncertainty of the surgical outcome, and manage the stress of hospitalization. Contributors to children's distress when facing pediatric surgery include their coping style, interactions with their parents, developmental level, and ...
Harris Toi B - - 2013
The optimal care of children with surgical diseases requires acquiring skills in the psychosocial assessment and therapy of children. Developing and implementing a curriculum to teach these concepts to pediatric surgery trainees should result in decreased perioperative stress for the child and improved patient outcomes and family satisfaction.
Kam Chester - - 2013
The current research investigates the heritability of two of the most common response styles: acquiescence bias (tendency to agree or disagree with survey items regardless of the items' actual content) and item keying (differential responding related to the use of regular- and reverse-keyed items). We estimated response styles from a ...
Segal Nancy L - - 2013
Switched-at-birth twins from Las Palmas, Gran Canaria in Spain drew international attention in May 2008 following news reports of their unexpected reunion. I visited Las Palmas in September 2009 to research this case and presented the findings in Segal and Blandón-Gitlin (Twin Research and Human Genetics, Vol. 13, 2010, pp. ...
Hester P Y - - 2013
A major skeletal problem of conventionally caged hens is increased susceptibility to osteoporosis mainly due to lack of exercise. Osteoporosis is characterized by a progressive decrease in mineralized structural bone. Whereas considerable attention has been given to enriching laying cages, little research has been conducted on providing caged pullets with ...
Hashemipour H - - 2013
This trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of phytogenic product containing an equal mixture of thymol and carvacrol at 4 levels (0, 60, 100, and 200 mg/kg of diet) on performance, antioxidant enzyme activities, fatty acid composition, digestive enzyme activities, and immune response in broiler chickens. ...
van Emous R A - - 2013
The combined effects of growth pattern (GP) and dietary CP level during rearing (2 to 22 wk of age) on body composition and performance were investigated in broiler breeder females from 0 to 40 wk of age. One-day-old pullets (n = 768) were randomly allotted to 48 pens according to ...
Dong X Y - - 2013
The effects of in ovo feeding of carbohydrates on hatchability, BW, yolk sac weights (YSW), pectoral muscle weights (PMW), liver and pectoral muscle glycogen concentration, serum glucose level, and hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity of domestic pigeons, hatched from eggs laid by a 40-wk-old breeder flock, were investigated. At 14.5 of incubation, ...
Cowieson A J - - 2013
A total of 1,200 Ross broiler chickens were used in 2 separate feeding studies to explore the effect of myo-inositol (MYO) and phytase on performance and blood biochemistry of broilers fed diets formulated to be either adequate or insufficient in Ca and digestible P (dP). Supplementation of diets that were ...
Powell D J - - 2013
Early posthatch satellite cell (SC) mitotic activity is a critical component of muscle development and growth. Satellite cells are stem cells that can be induced by nutrition to follow other cellular developmental pathways. The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of restricting protein synthesis on the ...
Onishi Yoshie - - 2013
Clinical guidelines recommend monotherapy with antidepressants for the treatment of major depression. This study examined prescription patterns with regard to both duration and type of treatment used among patients with newly diagnosed non-psychotic major depression based on a claims database from health insurance societies between 2008 and 2011 in Japan. ...
Hashim I B - - 2013
The dietary energy for broiler chicken is provided through the inclusion of cereal grains and vegetable oil in the ration. The cost of corn is increasing exponentially, whereas sugar syrup (SS) is available with reasonable cost. Sugar syrup can be used as a substitute for starch/grains and vegetable oil. No ...
Rizzi C - - 2013
Predictions of growth are important factors that contribute to the profitability of an operation in poultry production. Modern commercial hybrids have a higher body growth in comparison with the local purebreds. However a niche market for meat and egg poultry production needs to be established using local purebreds to promote ...
Manji Aleem - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of maxillary sinus pathology in patients presenting for implant rehabilitation involving sinus augmentation procedures. Three-dimensional images of 275 patients were evaluated. Age and gender were recorded to see if they had any relationship to the prevalence of pathology. Scans were classified into 1 of the 5 ...
Castiglione Fabiana - - 2013
Both thiopurines and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α agents are effective for treating Crohn's disease (CD) as they can induce clinical remission (CR) and mucosal healing (MH) in most patients. Nevertheless, data on transmural healing (TH) induced by thiopurines and anti-TNF-α agents are still lacking. This study aimed to explore ...
Jurisic Giorgia - - 2013
In contrast to the prominent function of the blood vasculature in promoting tissue inflammation, the role of lymphatic vessels in inflammation has been scarcely studied in vivo. To investigate whether modulating lymphatic vessel function might affect the course of chronic inflammation, the major lymphangiogenic receptor, vascular growth factor receptor 3 ...
Matsumura Kayoko - - 2013
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is considered to be an exacerbating factor in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the pathogenicity of HCMV in the exacerbation of UC remains unclear. The lack of a model mimicking UC with HCMV infection has posed a challenge for research into the pathogenic mechanism of ...
Dryden Gerald W - - 2013
Green tea and its main polyphenolic component, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), exert powerful anti-inflammatory effects that are protective against both inflammatory diseases and cancer. Research with animal and human cell lines provide plausible support for these claims. Poor absorption results in low systemic bioavailability of EGCG after oral administration but high colonic ...
Schwartz Robert A - - 2013
Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening, typically drug-induced mucocutaneous disease. It is clinically characterized as a widespread sloughing of the skin and mucosa, including both external and internal surfaces. Histologically, the denuded areas show full thickness epidermal necrosis. The pathogenic mechanism involves antigenic moiety/metabolite, peptide-induced T cell activation, leading to ...
Hosokawa Seiji - - 2013
Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) of the paranasal sinuses is an extremely rare and distinctive tumor with aggressive clinical behavior. Moreover, SNECs originating in the head and neck region have been reported to be highly aggressive and to have a poor prognosis. This report describes a patient with a maxillary ...
Calabresi Paolo - - 2013
Parkinson's disease is a common progressive neurodegenerative disease, of which the main neuropathological hallmark is dopaminergic neuronal loss. Increased attention has been directed towards non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease, such as cognitive impairment and behavioural disorders. Clinical and experimental findings support the view that the hippocampus, a temporal lobe structure ...
Chalmers Samuel - - 2013
Summarise the progress of junior Australian football (AF) injury research in line with the six stages of the 'Translating Research into Injury Prevention Practice' (TRIPP) model, in order to direct future research for the area. Systematically searched narrative review. Bibliographic research databases (Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus™) were used to ...
Demiguel Daniel - - 2013
Pliopithecinae and Crouzeliinae (Primates: Pliopithecidae) are distinguished dentally by the sharper crests, more compressed cusps, larger foveae, and narrower molars of the latter. Traditionally, such differences were qualitatively related to increased folivory in crouzeliines. This was subsequently disproved by microwear and shearing crest analyses, indicating that all pliopithecids were soft-fruit ...
Mangler Mandy - - 2013
Rectovaginal endometriosis has the potential to infiltrate into the rectal wall. The recognition of infiltration prior to surgery is of utmost importance since only infiltrative disease should be treated by partial or complete rectal resection. This study compares different imaging procedures in rectovaginal endometriosis cases in an everyday clinical setting. ...
Kurosaka M - - 2013
To determine whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) stimulates rat muscle satellite cell proliferation in culture, and if so, to clarify the signalling mechanisms. Primary satellite cells were isolated from thirty male F344 rats, 11 weeks of age. IL-6 at concentrations of 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 or 100 ng/ml was added to culture media. IL-6 ...
Hagmann S - - 2013
Although clinical applications using mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are becoming more frequent, procedures for their in vitro culture are far from standardized. Growth factors such as FGF-2 are frequently added during expansion to improve population growth and differentiation characteristics. However, up to now its influence on surface marker distribution of ...
Larsen B E - - 2013
Encapsulation or entrapment of cells is increasingly being used in a wide variety of scientific studies for tissue engineering and development of novel medical devices. The effect on cell metabolism of such systems is, in general, not well characterized. In this work, a simple system for monitoring respiration of cells ...
Martin-Gorgojo Alejandro - - 2013
Iodopropynyl butylcarbamate (IPBC) is a preservative that may cause contact allergy. The first cases were reported in 1997, and IPBC is currently included in our extended European baseline series in Denmark. To assess trends during the period 2000-2011 concerning IPBC allergy in Denmark, and to address the question of the ...
Alam M Intakhab - - 2013
Abstract The present study was aimed to evaluate the nanostrucured lipid carriers (NLC) containing duloxetine (DLX-NLC) for intranasal infusion through the nasal cavity of rat. The in vivo nasal infusion studies were performed using Wistar rats and the amount of DLX permeated and its amount in brain and blood was ...
Scorrano Luca - - 2013
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that participate in energy conversion, metabolism, signaling and apoptosis. To fulfill their multiple tasks, mitochondria come in varied morphologies and ultrastructures resulting from the equilibrium between fusion and fission, Furthermore, they are in close contact with the endoplasmic reticulum generating an essential interface in cell physiology ...
Liebl A - - 2013
Barriers to insulin initiation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) include fear of treatment complexity and perceived lack of time and resources by primary care physicians. The SOLVE study investigated the effect of insulin initiation on resource utilisation and patient quality of life. SOLVE was a 24-week cohort study in ...
Garaffa G - - 2013
To correct common misconceptions about Peyronie's disease (PD) that present obstacles to early recognition and treatment. The prevalence, natural disease course, psychosocial effects and treatment considerations for patients with PD were reviewed. Studies over the past decade have shown that the prevalence of PD may be higher (up to 20%) ...
Poynter L - - 2013
It has been suggested that patients with cognitive impairment do not benefit from rehabilitation or that rehabilitation gains are reduced. Most studies focus on absolute gain rather than gains in individual functional areas. The Barthel activities of daily living (ADL) score is a tool, which is used widely and comprises ...
Fang Chi-Hua - - 2013
The aim of our study was to evaluate the perioperative and long-term outcomes of hepatectomy based on 3-dimensional reconstruction technique for hepatolithiasis by comparing it with traditional hepatectomy. From December 2005 to September 2012, 56 consecutive patients underwent hepatectomy based on 3-dimensional reconstruction technique for hepatolithiasis in our hospital (group ...
Ellis Samantha - - 2013
It has been well known for decades that high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) generates heat in tissues resulting in coagulative necrosis. Implementation, however, has been slow, due to difficulties with finding an appropriate imaging modality that could not only guide treatment, but also provide real-time thermal feedback. These problems have ...
Santiago Maria José - - 2013
The objective was to study the clinical course of children requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) after cardiac surgery and to analyze the factors associated with mortality. A prospective observational study was performed that included all children requiring CRRT after cardiac surgery, comparing these patients with other critically ill children ...
Hillebrand Julia - - 2013
Neuroprotection is of paramount interest in cardiac surgery. Right axillary artery cannulation is well established in aortic surgery because it significantly improves survival and outcome, but malperfusion of the right brain after direct cannulation has been reported. Anatomically, 4 vessel segments are potentially amenable for cannulation of the subclavian and ...
Staes Catherine - - 2013
Outbreaks of health-care-associated infections related to compounding pharmacies from 2000 through 2012 are described. PubMed and the websites for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration were searched to identify infectious outbreaks associated with compounding pharmacies outside the hospital setting between January 2000 and ...
Long Michael W - - 2013
Increasing school-day physical activity through policy and programs is commonly suggested to prevent obesity and improve overall child health. However, strategies that focus on school-day physical activity may not increase total physical activity if youth compensate by reducing physical activity outside of school. Objectively measured, nationally representative physical activity data ...
Hirsch Jana A - - 2013
Walk Score(®) and Transit Score(®) are open-source measures of the neighborhood built environment to support walking ("walkability") and access to transportation. To investigate associations of Street Smart Walk Score and Transit Score with self-reported transport and leisure walking using data from a large multicity and diverse population-based sample of adults. ...
Perkins Rebecca B - - 2013
Current cervical cancer prevention recommendations include human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, Pap and HPV co-testing, and Pap testing at 3- to 5-year intervals. To examine attitudes, practice patterns, and barriers related to HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening guidelines among U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists. In 2011-2012, a national sample of members of the ...
Squiers Linda B - - 2013
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) released a draft recommendation advising against prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing in October 2011, a major shift from previous years of recommending neither for or against PSA testing due to insufficient evidence. The purpose of this study was to assess men's awareness of the ...
de Waure Chiara - - 2013
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is responsible for about 15% of all deaths worldwide and is identified as a top priority for decision makers. Both primary and secondary prevention are considered key strategies in the prevention of CHD. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of nonpharmacologic interventions ...
Kumar Santosh - - 2013
Creative use of new mobile and wearable health information and sensing technologies (mHealth) has the potential to reduce the cost of health care and improve well-being in numerous ways. These applications are being developed in a variety of domains, but rigorous research is needed to examine the potential, as well ...
Calciolari Stefano - - 2013
The clinical management of intracranial aneurysms is debated in many countries because of the associated disability risk and costs. Therefore, estimating the costs and explaining their variability will provide important information for decision makers. We aimed to evaluate the acute and post-acute health costs of intracranial aneurysm management and to ...
Haas Laura - - 2013
The introduction of efficiency-oriented provider payment systems in inpatient mental healthcare in various Western countries may lead to the use of less healthcare resources in the treatment of patients. To avoid unintended effects on quality of care that may result from reductions in resource utilization, it is essential for decision ...
Demaso David R - - 2013
The working relationship between parents and surgeons is fundamental in providing excellent health care to children and adolescents. The breakdown of this working relationship has a significant potential for detrimental effects on individual well-being and adverse systemic outcomes. Collaborative, deferential, and problematic partnership types of family participation in medical decision-making ...
Tagge Edward P - - 2013
The mind-body connection is receiving increasing scrutiny in a large number of clinical settings, although research has lagged in the pediatric specialties. Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is a novel interdisciplinary scientific field that examines the relationship of the mind to the patient's neurologic, endocrine, and immune systems by examining critical parameters such ...
Zhao J P - - 2013
The present study investigated the interaction of stocking density and cool perch availability on broiler chickens raised at high ambient temperature (>30.8°C). Behavior, live performance, and the incidence of footpad and hock burns and abdominal plumage damage were investigated over a 4-wk experimental period. A total of 1,152 one-day-old Arbor ...
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