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Sigmon Justin R - - 2013
: Erythema ab igne (EAI) is a reticulated, erythematous, or hyperpigmented dermatosis that is caused by chronic exposure to infrared radiation. Chronic lesions of EAI have significant potential for malignant transformation. We report a case of poorly differentiated carcinoma arising within a patch of long-standing EAI on the lower extremity ...
Phan L V - - 2013
A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) using a baculovirus-expressed recombinant nucleocapsid protein antigen (rNDV-N) and an rNDV-N-specific monoclonal antibody (5B3) was developed for the detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antibodies, and its diagnostic performance was evaluated. The specificity and sensitivity of the C-ELISA was found to be 98.4 and ...
Poynter L - - 2013
It has been suggested that patients with cognitive impairment do not benefit from rehabilitation or that rehabilitation gains are reduced. Most studies focus on absolute gain rather than gains in individual functional areas. The Barthel activities of daily living (ADL) score is a tool, which is used widely and comprises ...
Chung William L - - 2013
The physical design of an oral and maxillofacial surgeon's office is highly individualized and unique. Every office must incorporate certain essential equipment and features to safely deliver office anesthesia, regardless of the scope of anesthesia services provided. Furthermore, the office design and anesthesia armamentarium must take into account patient safety ...
Zhang H Y - - 2013
A 42-d experiment was conducted with 276 Arbor Acres broilers (1 d of age, weighing 41.1 ± 1.5 g) to determine the effects of Forsythia suspensa extract (FSE) and berberine (BE) on growth performance, immunity, antioxidant activities, and intestinal microbiota stocked at high stocking density (28 kg of BW/m(2) as ...
Hashim I B - - 2013
The dietary energy for broiler chicken is provided through the inclusion of cereal grains and vegetable oil in the ration. The cost of corn is increasing exponentially, whereas sugar syrup (SS) is available with reasonable cost. Sugar syrup can be used as a substitute for starch/grains and vegetable oil. No ...
Liebl A - - 2013
Barriers to insulin initiation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) include fear of treatment complexity and perceived lack of time and resources by primary care physicians. The SOLVE study investigated the effect of insulin initiation on resource utilisation and patient quality of life. SOLVE was a 24-week cohort study in ...
Amit Moran - - 2013
This single-blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy and safety of an oxidized cellulose patch (Surgicel [Johnson and Johnson]) with conventional procedures for achieving hemostasis in thyroid surgery. The study included 190 patients scheduled for thyroidectomy. Patients were randomized into 1 conventionally treated (ligatures and bipolar electrocautery) group (n = ...
Casagrande Sarah Stark SS Social & Scientific Systems, Inc., Silver Spring, MD, USA. - - 2013
Federal law requires certain private insurers to cover and waive patient cost sharing for preventive medical services that receive a grade of B or better from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). The USPSTF recommends that asymptomatic adults who have a blood pressure (BP) higher than 135/80 mmHg be ...
Claire Wang Y - - 2013
The childhood obesity epidemic reflects the daily accumulation of an "energy gap"-excess calories consumed over calories expended. Population-level interventions to reverse the epidemic can be assessed by the degree to which they increase energy expenditure and/or reduce caloric intake. However, no common metric exists for such comparative assessment. To develop ...
Arendts G G Centre for Clinical Research in Emergency Medicine, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research, Perth, WA, Australia. - - 2013
Allied health intervention may play an important role in the timely discharge of older people admitted to hospital. The impact of early allied health intervention on length of stay has not been quantified. We sought to determine whether early allied health intervention conducted in the emergency department (ED) reduces hospital ...
Demaso David R - - 2013
Surgery is challenging for children and their families, calling upon them to cope with an invasive procedure, deal with the uncertainty of the surgical outcome, and manage the stress of hospitalization. Contributors to children's distress when facing pediatric surgery include their coping style, interactions with their parents, developmental level, and ...
Liao B - - 2013
Eggshell quality is associated with hatchability, and ultrastructural organization is an important eggshell quality parameter. To the determine the relationship of shell ultrastructural properties with hatchability, we measured the effect of eggshell thickness, mammillary layer thickness, and the average size of mammillary cones on hatchability. Eggs with thick shells and ...
Bellin Melissa H - - 2013
This study uses the Life Course Model for Spina Bifida (SB) to advance knowledge of factors associated with change in quality-of-life (QOL) among emerging adults with SB. Forty-eight participants (mean [SD], 22.04 [2.16] yrs) completed self-report questionnaires at two time points, 15 mos apart. Four QOL domains (physical health, psychological, ...
Kurosaka M - - 2013
To determine whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) stimulates rat muscle satellite cell proliferation in culture, and if so, to clarify the signalling mechanisms. Primary satellite cells were isolated from thirty male F344 rats, 11 weeks of age. IL-6 at concentrations of 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 or 100 ng/ml was added to culture media. IL-6 ...
Garaffa G - - 2013
To correct common misconceptions about Peyronie's disease (PD) that present obstacles to early recognition and treatment. The prevalence, natural disease course, psychosocial effects and treatment considerations for patients with PD were reviewed. Studies over the past decade have shown that the prevalence of PD may be higher (up to 20%) ...
Orr Daniel L DL - - 2013
No legitimate history of anesthesiology can exclude the contributions of American dentistry. Similarly, no history of anesthesiology in dentistry can exclude the contributions of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). Many contributions of OMS to the art and science of anesthesiology have been singular, cutting edge when introduced, have stood the ...
Degolier T F - - 2013
The contractile effects of neurotensin (NT) and cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) on isolated circular smooth muscle strips of chicken gallbladder were investigated. The NT (0.25-300 nM) produced concentration-dependent contractions on smooth muscle with an EC50 of 8.5 nM (95% confidence limits = 5.3-13.6 nM). In comparison, CCK-8 produced concentration-dependent contractions with ...
Manji Aleem - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of maxillary sinus pathology in patients presenting for implant rehabilitation involving sinus augmentation procedures. Three-dimensional images of 275 patients were evaluated. Age and gender were recorded to see if they had any relationship to the prevalence of pathology. Scans were classified into 1 of the 5 ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether therapeutic hypothermia leads to improved neurological outcomes in adult patients who have sustained a cardiac arrest of asphyxial origin. Four studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, ...
Demaso David R - - 2013
The working relationship between parents and surgeons is fundamental in providing excellent health care to children and adolescents. The breakdown of this working relationship has a significant potential for detrimental effects on individual well-being and adverse systemic outcomes. Collaborative, deferential, and problematic partnership types of family participation in medical decision-making ...
Zhang Jianjun - - 2013
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a ubiquitously expressed heterodimeric transcription factor that mediates adaptive responses to hypoxia in all nucleated cells of metazoan organisms. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension in humans and animals, but whether HIF-1α is associated with the development of pulmonary hypertension ...
Wei X - - 2013
As mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be isolated easily from adipose tissues while retaining their self-renewal and multi-potential differentiation capacities, they hold promising possibilities for being applied extensively in tissue engineering. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family members have been reported to provide instructive signals to MSCs for them to differentiate ...
Cederbaum Julie A - - 2013
Emerging literature suggests that maternal exposure to stress and adversity throughout the life course may have health consequences for offspring. To examine the maltreatment history of adolescent mothers as an independent predictor of infant birth weight. Birth records for all infants born between 2007 and 2009 to mothers aged 12-19 ...
Baynam Gareth S - - 2013
With advances in therapeutics for rare, genetic and syndromic diseases, there is an increasing need for objective assessments of phenotypic endpoints. These assessments will preferentially be high precision, non-invasive, non-irradiating, and relatively inexpensive and portable. We report a case of a child with an extensive lymphatic vascular malformation of the ...
Asasi Keramat - - 2013
This study was performed to clarify the acute phase response following infectious bronchitis virus inoculation. Ninety clinically healthy 1-d-old Ross chicks were randomly assigned into 2 groups: control (n = 20) and infected group (n = 70). At the age of 20 d, all birds in the infected group were ...
Dong Z - - 2013
Ovarian cancer stem-like cells (CSCs), which can form non-adherent sphere cells in a stem-cell selection culture system, exhibit stemness and drug resistance to chemotherapeutics, which are properties not observed in differentiated cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that Kruppel-like factor 5 (KLF5) is involved in cell proliferation and mediates cell survival ...
Dekmezian Mhair S - - 2013
The eyelid can be the site of various malignant tumors, including epithelial, mesenchymal, lymphoproliferative, and endocrine neoplasms, all of which can present in unusual ways or mimic benign processes, often requiring biopsy for a definitive diagnosis. This review article presents a broad overview of some of the malignancies that have ...
Luo X - - 2013
Evidence has indicated that ovarian epithelial cancer-type cells under serum-free culture conditions can form spheroid cells and exhibit characteristics expected of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs). However, the mechanism by which differentiated ovarian cancer cells acquire stem-cell properties during CSC enrichment has needed to be elucidated. Recent studies have demonstrated that ...
Zaffiri Lorenzo - - 2013
ABSTRACT In the Modern Era, physicians attested to the reciprocal influence among a technologically advanced society, rapid scientific progresses in medicine, and the need for new antimicrobials. The results of these changes were not only seen in the prolongation of life expectancy but also by the emergence of new pathogens. ...
Cravens R L - - 2013
The effects of increasing aflatoxin B1 concentration (0, 0.75, 1.5 mg/kg) on broilers with or without necrotic enteritis or virginiamycin were determined. In the 23-d study, 22 male Cobb 500 chicks per pen were allotted to 12 treatments (3 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement) with 8 replications. Intestines of ...
Terhune Claire E - - 2013
Assessments of temporal bone morphology have played an important role in taxonomic and phylogenetic evaluations of fossil taxa, and recent three-dimensional analyses of this region have supported the utility of the temporal bone for testing taxonomic and phylogenetic hypotheses. But while clinical analyses have examined aspects of temporal bone ontogeny ...
Haas Laura - - 2013
The introduction of efficiency-oriented provider payment systems in inpatient mental healthcare in various Western countries may lead to the use of less healthcare resources in the treatment of patients. To avoid unintended effects on quality of care that may result from reductions in resource utilization, it is essential for decision ...
Cowieson A J - - 2013
A total of 1,200 Ross broiler chickens were used in 2 separate feeding studies to explore the effect of myo-inositol (MYO) and phytase on performance and blood biochemistry of broilers fed diets formulated to be either adequate or insufficient in Ca and digestible P (dP). Supplementation of diets that were ...
Martin-Gorgojo Alejandro - - 2013
Iodopropynyl butylcarbamate (IPBC) is a preservative that may cause contact allergy. The first cases were reported in 1997, and IPBC is currently included in our extended European baseline series in Denmark. To assess trends during the period 2000-2011 concerning IPBC allergy in Denmark, and to address the question of the ...
Haydock Hannah - - 2013
This study investigated stable-isotope ratio evidence of weaning for the late Anglo-Saxon population of Raunds Furnells, Northamptonshire, UK. δ(15) N and δ(13) C values in rib collagen were obtained for individuals of different ages to assess the weaning age of infants within the population. A peak in δ(15) N values ...
Dong X Y - - 2013
The effects of in ovo feeding of carbohydrates on hatchability, BW, yolk sac weights (YSW), pectoral muscle weights (PMW), liver and pectoral muscle glycogen concentration, serum glucose level, and hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity of domestic pigeons, hatched from eggs laid by a 40-wk-old breeder flock, were investigated. At 14.5 of incubation, ...
Ravi Vinod - - 2013
Vascular sarcomas are soft-tissue tumors that arise from the endothelium with a malignant potential. This review discusses the management of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) and angiosarcoma. EHE is a vascular tumor of intermediate malignant potential with an indolent course. EHE arising from the liver, lung, or bone tends to be multifocal ...
Miller Rafi - - 2013
Perforation after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is uncommon, and its management is dependent on the mechanism and the graded classification of injury. Records of patients undergoing ERCP were analyzed over a 16-year period, patterning the types of injuries, diagnosis, management, and patient outcome. Type I injuries damage the medial or ...
Postiglione I - - 2013
Often, non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) respond only poorly to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) gefitinib, which targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), these poor responders EGFRs lacking activating mutations. In this study, we have attempted to improve TKI response of NSCLC cell lines (A549 and H1299) devoid of ...
Peeraully T - - 2013
We determined the prevalence, range and factors influencing the use of complementary therapy among hemifacial spasm patients and compared the patterns of use of complementary therapies across different movement disorders in a systematic pooled analysis of published literature. A structured questionnaire was administered to 96 hemifacial spasm patients evaluating frequency ...
Sunbul Murat - - 2013
Systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis is caused by deposition of immunoglobulin light-chain proteins. AL amyloidosis is a rapidly progressive disease that affects multiple organs. Cardiac involvement is frequent (50%) and the median survival is 5 months following diagnosis. Although transthoracic echocardiography can show characteristics findings, further diagnostic modalities are required ...
Jiang S - - 2013
Osteocalcin (OC) is a sensitive biochemical marker for evaluating bone turnover in mammals. The role of avian OC is less clear because of the need for a chicken assay. Our objectives were to develop an assay using indirect competitive ELISA for detecting chicken serum OC and use the assay to ...
Haines M D - - 2013
Male fertility is often evaluated by measuring sperm parameters, including concentration, viability, and motility. This is important because after copulation occurs, sperm must overcome many barriers in the female reproductive tract to fertilize the ovum. In mammalian species, sperm have been shown to have reduced motility when bacteria are present. ...
Neumann Helmut - - 2013
Increased vascular permeability and angiogenesis play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Aim was to determine whether computed virtual chromoendoscopy has the potential to enhance assessment of disease severity and extent in patients with mild or inactive IBD in comparison to high-definition white-light endoscopy. Consecutive ...
Squiers Linda B - - 2013
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) released a draft recommendation advising against prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing in October 2011, a major shift from previous years of recommending neither for or against PSA testing due to insufficient evidence. The purpose of this study was to assess men's awareness of the ...
Abbas Richat - - 2013
Bosutinib is an orally bioavailable, dual Src and Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved in the USA for the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia following development of resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. In vitro studies demonstrated that bosutinib displays pH-dependent aqueous solubility, suggesting that concomitant administration of agents ...
Setia Gaurav - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to use an in vitro model system to compare the effects on the screw torque and screw dimensions within 2 commercially available implant systems from occlusal loading on a cantilevered-fixed partial denture. Cantilevered implant-supported 3-unit prostheses with 2 premolar abutments and 1 premolar pontic ...
Jurisic Giorgia G Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, - - 2013
In contrast to the prominent function of the blood vasculature in promoting tissue inflammation, the role of lymphatic vessels in inflammation has been scarcely studied in vivo. To investigate whether modulating lymphatic vessel function might affect the course of chronic inflammation, the major lymphangiogenic receptor, vascular growth factor receptor 3 ...
Kinaston Rebecca L - - 2013
Stable isotopes (δ(13) C, δ(15) N, and δ(34) S) are used to characterize the diet of the adult individuals (n = 99) interred in the Namu burial ground located on the Polynesian outlier of Taumako (∼300-750 BP). Polynesian outliers are islands on the fringe of Remote Oceania that were inhabited ...
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