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Jiang S - - 2013
Osteocalcin (OC) is a sensitive biochemical marker for evaluating bone turnover in mammals. The role of avian OC is less clear because of the need for a chicken assay. Our objectives were to develop an assay using indirect competitive ELISA for detecting chicken serum OC and use the assay to ...
Bodí Sara González - - 2013
Litter quality in the poultry sector is one of the main parameters of health, productivity, and animal welfare. Therefore, innovative management methods have been developed to improve the quality of litter. One of them is litter aeration (LA) by tumbling. However, there is little information related to the effect of ...
Kim Kwang-Il - - 2013
From the avian influenza virus (AIV) outbreaks and market surveillances in Vietnam during November 2011 and March 2012, a total of 196 AIV were isolated. Although H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) was the most prevalent subtype in Vietnam, 57 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses were identified from mainly ...
Sun Y - - 2013
Natural antibodies (NAb) are important humoral components of innate immunity. As the first line of defense, NAb provide protection against infection and support adaptive immunity. An earlier study indicated that serum levels of NAb isotypes IgM and IgG at a young age were predictive for survival in non-beak-trimmed purebred laying ...
Phan L V - - 2013
A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) using a baculovirus-expressed recombinant nucleocapsid protein antigen (rNDV-N) and an rNDV-N-specific monoclonal antibody (5B3) was developed for the detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antibodies, and its diagnostic performance was evaluated. The specificity and sensitivity of the C-ELISA was found to be 98.4 and ...
Zhang Jianjun - - 2013
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a ubiquitously expressed heterodimeric transcription factor that mediates adaptive responses to hypoxia in all nucleated cells of metazoan organisms. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension in humans and animals, but whether HIF-1α is associated with the development of pulmonary hypertension ...
Siloto E V - - 2013
Aflatoxins (AF) and fumonisins (FU) are a major problem faced by poultry farmers, leading to huge economic losses. This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of AF (1 mg/kg of feed) and FU (25 mg/kg of feed), singly or in combination, on the lipid metabolism in commercial layers and ...
Olukosi O A - - 2013
Two 21-d broiler experiments were conducted to assess the efficacy of a bacterial 6-phytase expressed in Aspergillus oryzae on growth performance, nutrient utilization, and intestinal molecular markers. Two hundred forty birds in 5 treatments (experiment 1) or 256 birds in 4 treatments (experiment 2) were used. The treatments included a ...
Adeola O - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to determine the ileal digestibility of P in potassium phosphate, phytase-related ileal digestible P release, bone-mineralization-based ileal digestible P equivalency of phytase, and phytase-related efficiency of ileal digestible P utilization for bone mineralization in broiler chickens at 2 dietary concentrations of highly soluble Ca ...
Singh Pallavi - - 2013
Campylobacter species is the most common human pathogen causing gastrointestinal infections in humans, and poultry is considered a major source of this pathogen. In this project, we aim to study the genetic diversity of Campylobacter populations within individual chickens using cecal samples to understand the nature of intestinal colonization in ...
Degolier T F - - 2013
The contractile effects of neurotensin (NT) and cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) on isolated circular smooth muscle strips of chicken gallbladder were investigated. The NT (0.25-300 nM) produced concentration-dependent contractions on smooth muscle with an EC50 of 8.5 nM (95% confidence limits = 5.3-13.6 nM). In comparison, CCK-8 produced concentration-dependent contractions with ...
Abbas Richat - - 2013
Bosutinib is an orally bioavailable, dual Src and Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved in the USA for the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia following development of resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. In vitro studies demonstrated that bosutinib displays pH-dependent aqueous solubility, suggesting that concomitant administration of agents ...
Hutarova Z - - 2013
The study monitored the effect of various methods of treating pheasant carcasses after killing on the hygienic quality of the venison. Pithed pheasants treated by evisceration (n = 60), drawing (n = 60), or left untreated (n = 60) were stored for a period of 21 d at temperatures of ...
Menconi A - - 2013
Bacterial contamination of raw, processed poultry may include spoilage bacteria and foodborne pathogens. We evaluated different combinations of organic acid (OA) wash solutions for their ability to reduce bacterial contamination of raw chicken skin and to inhibit growth of spoilage bacteria and pathogens on skin during refrigerated storage. In experiment ...
Jones D R - - 2013
Alternative hen housing is becoming more commonplace in the egg market. However, a complete understanding of the implications for alternative housing systems on egg safety has not been achieved. The current study examines the impact of housing Hy-Line Brown, Hy-Line Silver Brown, and Barred Plymouth Rock hens in conventional cage, ...
Liao B - - 2013
Eggshell quality is associated with hatchability, and ultrastructural organization is an important eggshell quality parameter. To the determine the relationship of shell ultrastructural properties with hatchability, we measured the effect of eggshell thickness, mammillary layer thickness, and the average size of mammillary cones on hatchability. Eggs with thick shells and ...
Magrath Ian - - 2013
Cancer in adolescents and young adults (AYA) represents a higher fraction of all cancer in countries that are still undergoing a demographic transition. Such countries tend to have much younger populations, and therefore unless they have a particularly low incidence of cancer in this age group, will have a higher ...
Ravi Vinod - - 2013
Vascular sarcomas are soft-tissue tumors that arise from the endothelium with a malignant potential. This review discusses the management of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) and angiosarcoma. EHE is a vascular tumor of intermediate malignant potential with an indolent course. EHE arising from the liver, lung, or bone tends to be multifocal ...
Kinaston Rebecca L - - 2013
Stable isotopes (δ(13) C, δ(15) N, and δ(34) S) are used to characterize the diet of the adult individuals (n = 99) interred in the Namu burial ground located on the Polynesian outlier of Taumako (∼300-750 BP). Polynesian outliers are islands on the fringe of Remote Oceania that were inhabited ...
Haydock Hannah - - 2013
This study investigated stable-isotope ratio evidence of weaning for the late Anglo-Saxon population of Raunds Furnells, Northamptonshire, UK. δ(15) N and δ(13) C values in rib collagen were obtained for individuals of different ages to assess the weaning age of infants within the population. A peak in δ(15) N values ...
Folinsbee Kaila E - - 2013
Papionin monkey fossils are common in the Plio-Pleistocene aged karst cave deposits northwest of Johannesburg in South Africa. These deposits have yielded important primate and other vertebrate fauna since their discovery in the early part of the 20th century. In this article, we describe new primate cranial and dental specimens ...
Terhune Claire E - - 2013
Assessments of temporal bone morphology have played an important role in taxonomic and phylogenetic evaluations of fossil taxa, and recent three-dimensional analyses of this region have supported the utility of the temporal bone for testing taxonomic and phylogenetic hypotheses. But while clinical analyses have examined aspects of temporal bone ontogeny ...
Villanea Fernando A - - 2013
In this study, we explore the geographic and temporal distribution of a unique variant of the O blood group allele called O1v(G542A) , which has been shown to be shared among Native Americans but is rare in other populations. O1v(G542A) was previously reported in Native American populations in Mesoamerica and ...
Smith Randi - - 2013
A violence intervention program (VIP) developed at our trauma center resulted in a reduction of injury recidivism to 4% from a historical rate of 16%. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility of exporting our program to another trauma center by examining rates of and identifying potential barriers to recruitment, ...
O'Rourke P P - - 2013
As advances in genomic medicine have captured the interest and enthusiasm of the public, an unintended consequence has been the creation of unrealistic expectations. Because these expectations may have a negative impact on individuals as well as genomics in general, it is important that they be understood and confronted.
Faruki H - - 2013
The expansion of genetic testing in the clinical laboratory is well under way, with many clinically validated genetic tests already in use. As sequencing technology becomes more efficient and less costly, clinical laboratories will make the transition from single-gene testing to multigene panels. Early, more targeted applications will gradually be ...
Passamani E - - 2013
Clinical medicine is about to embark on an exciting, although harrowing, period of innovation, the result of astonishing advances in genomic science. The current workforce-physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and others-will soon need to adapt to substantial change, driven by genomics, in diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. If errors of omission and commission ...
Pataka Athanasia - - 2013
The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with the development/worsening of cardiovascular disease. OSAS is considered to be an independent risk factor for hypertension and is linked to increased mortality in the context of coronary heart disease, the development of cardiac arrhythmias and increased risk of developing mild pulmonary ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether propofol can improve recovery and reduce recurrence in patients presenting to the emergency department with acute migraine. Three studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether therapeutic hypothermia leads to improved neurological outcomes in adult patients who have sustained a cardiac arrest of asphyxial origin. Four studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, ...
Wei X - - 2013
As mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be isolated easily from adipose tissues while retaining their self-renewal and multi-potential differentiation capacities, they hold promising possibilities for being applied extensively in tissue engineering. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family members have been reported to provide instructive signals to MSCs for them to differentiate ...
Dong Z - - 2013
Ovarian cancer stem-like cells (CSCs), which can form non-adherent sphere cells in a stem-cell selection culture system, exhibit stemness and drug resistance to chemotherapeutics, which are properties not observed in differentiated cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that Kruppel-like factor 5 (KLF5) is involved in cell proliferation and mediates cell survival ...
Fisker Maja H - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to examine the knowledge of skin care and treatment of hand eczema (HE) in a sample of patients with newly reported occupational HE. A questionnaire consisting of 13 questions about knowledge of skin care and treatment of HE was sent to all patients ...
Diepgen Thomas L - - 2013
There is little knowledge about the costs of occupational hand eczema. To estimate the societal costs of patients with occupational hand eczema in Germany. Resource use during the past year, disease severity and quality of life [Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)] were gathered for patients with occupational hand eczema before ...
Nogueira Leandro Alberto Calazans - - 2013
Purpose: Motor deficits in lower extremities and gait abnormalities are a major feature of the multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Patients with minimal clinical disability have subtle gait changes. The aim of this study was to analyze the gait characteristics of MS patients in the absence of clinical disability. Method: A ...
Gupta Sonal - - 2013
Abstract Advent of recombinant technology in protein synthesis has given birth to a new range of biopharmaceuticals. These therapeutic peptides and proteins are now emerging as an imperative part of various treatment protocols especially in the cancer therapeutics. Despite extensive research efforts, oral delivery of therapeutic peptide or protein is ...
Manasadeepa R - - 2013
Abstract Local drug delivery for periodontal diseases is still a challenge due to very short residence time, involuntary swallowing and salivary wash-out. Present study is, therefore, an attempt to develop pressure-sensitive adhesive polymers-based mucoadhesive dental patches to ensure satisfactory prolonged release of drugs, to treat periodontal diseases locally. Polymers such ...
Dimitrov Jordan D - - 2013
An Ab molecule or a BCR that is able to bind multiple structurally unrelated Ags is defined as polyreactive. Polyreactive Abs and BCRs constitute an important part of immune repertoires under physiological conditions and may play essential roles in immune defense and in the maintenance of immune homeostasis. In this ...
Shah A - - 2013
Central venous catheterisation is a commonly performed procedure in anaesthesia, critical care, acute and emergency medicine. Traditionally, subclavian venous catheterisation has been performed using the landmark technique and because of the complications associated with this technique, it is not commonly performed in the United Kingdom - where the accepted practice ...
Dekmezian Mhair S - - 2013
The eyelid can be the site of various malignant tumors, including epithelial, mesenchymal, lymphoproliferative, and endocrine neoplasms, all of which can present in unusual ways or mimic benign processes, often requiring biopsy for a definitive diagnosis. This review article presents a broad overview of some of the malignancies that have ...
Turina Matthias - - 2013
Several factors predictive of readmission after colorectal surgery have been identified. Although often grouped together in readmission studies, colon and rectal resections differ in many ways. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with readmission after rectal resection. We performed a retrospective, single-center cohort study of 565 ...
Zöller Bengt - - 2013
The familial risk of abdominal wall hernia (AWH) is largely unknown. In addition, it is unknown whether inguinal hernia (IH), femoral hernia (FH), incisional hernia (INH), epigastric hernia (EH), and umbilical hernia (UH) share familial susceptibility. The aim of this nationwide study was to determine the familial risks of concordant ...
Chu Eric - - 2013
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is often treated conservatively or with epidural blood patch. Patients who are resistant to these treatments require accurate imaging localisation of the site of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak for surgical repair. We describe two patients where MRI, CT myelography and MRI gadolinium myelography showed evidence of a ...
Koike Terumoto - - 2013
Although lobectomy is the standard surgical procedure for operable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), sublobar resection also has been undertaken for various reasons. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of locoregional recurrence and poor disease-specific survival in patients with clinical stage IA NSCLC undergoing sublobar resection. ...
Chung William L - - 2013
The physical design of an oral and maxillofacial surgeon's office is highly individualized and unique. Every office must incorporate certain essential equipment and features to safely deliver office anesthesia, regardless of the scope of anesthesia services provided. Furthermore, the office design and anesthesia armamentarium must take into account patient safety ...
Phero James C - - 2013
Patients with a history of difficult intubation or with conditions associated with difficult airway should be approached with organized primary and secondary plans for airway management. When these potential problems are detected, patient safety may be improved with use of advanced airway management techniques and equipment. Additionally, patient referral for ...
Todd David W - - 2013
Even simple oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures can become challenging when the child patient has a high degree of fear and anxiety. This article reviews differences in anatomy and physiology between the adult and pediatric patient, preanesthetic assessment, fasting guidelines, and choices of sedation routes, and discusses equipment options for ...
Cederbaum Julie A - - 2013
Emerging literature suggests that maternal exposure to stress and adversity throughout the life course may have health consequences for offspring. To examine the maltreatment history of adolescent mothers as an independent predictor of infant birth weight. Birth records for all infants born between 2007 and 2009 to mothers aged 12-19 ...
Glasgow Russell E - - 2013
Pragmatic measures are important to facilitate implementation and dissemination, address stakeholder issues, and drive quality improvement. This paper proposes necessary and recommended criteria for pragmatic measures, provides examples of projects to develop and identify such measures, addresses potential concerns about these recommendations, and identifies areas for future research and application. ...
Rackley Sandra - - 2013
Though technical aspects of surgical practice are commonly emphasized, communication is the most frequent "procedure" employed by surgeons. A good patient-physician relationship enhances the quality of surgical care by improving outcomes and patient and family satisfaction. There are general principles that can enhance communication with all children and families. Employing ...
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