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Kam Chester - - 2013
The current research investigates the heritability of two of the most common response styles: acquiescence bias (tendency to agree or disagree with survey items regardless of the items' actual content) and item keying (differential responding related to the use of regular- and reverse-keyed items). We estimated response styles from a ...
Onishi Yoshie - - 2013
Clinical guidelines recommend monotherapy with antidepressants for the treatment of major depression. This study examined prescription patterns with regard to both duration and type of treatment used among patients with newly diagnosed non-psychotic major depression based on a claims database from health insurance societies between 2008 and 2011 in Japan. ...
Matsumura Kayoko - - 2013
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is considered to be an exacerbating factor in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the pathogenicity of HCMV in the exacerbation of UC remains unclear. The lack of a model mimicking UC with HCMV infection has posed a challenge for research into the pathogenic mechanism of ...
Pataka Athanasia - - 2013
The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with the development/worsening of cardiovascular disease. OSAS is considered to be an independent risk factor for hypertension and is linked to increased mortality in the context of coronary heart disease, the development of cardiac arrhythmias and increased risk of developing mild pulmonary ...
Patel Vishal - - 2013
A novel simulation technology has emerged through the use of online 3-dimensional virtual worlds in which it is feasible to create virtual patients. This study establishes the face, content and construct validity of online 3-dimensional virtual patients in Second Life (a 3-dimensional virtual world accessible via the Internet). Sixty-three surgeons of the ...
Calabresi Paolo P Clinica Neurologica, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Ospedale S Maria della Misericordia, Perugia, Italy. - - 2013
Parkinson's disease is a common progressive neurodegenerative disease, of which the main neuropathological hallmark is dopaminergic neuronal loss. Increased attention has been directed towards non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease, such as cognitive impairment and behavioural disorders. Clinical and experimental findings support the view that the hippocampus, a temporal lobe structure ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether propofol can improve recovery and reduce recurrence in patients presenting to the emergency department with acute migraine. Three studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and ...
Agarwal Ravi - - 2013
Patients undergoing an office-based anesthetic require a thorough preoperative evaluation to identify medical illnesses and undertake appropriate investigations or studies. This article addresses common medical illnesses seen in oral surgery offices and provides insight into their anesthetic management, concentrating on open-airway office-based anesthesia.
Teychenne Megan - - 2013
Postnatal depression is highly prevalent in mothers. Although physical activity has been found to reduce the risk of depression in the general population, little is known regarding its link with postnatal depression. This review examined original research investigating the relationship between physical activity and sedentary behavior dose (frequency, intensity, and ...
Sun Y - - 2013
Natural antibodies (NAb) are important humoral components of innate immunity. As the first line of defense, NAb provide protection against infection and support adaptive immunity. An earlier study indicated that serum levels of NAb isotypes IgM and IgG at a young age were predictive for survival in non-beak-trimmed purebred laying ...
Mangler Mandy - - 2013
Rectovaginal endometriosis has the potential to infiltrate into the rectal wall. The recognition of infiltration prior to surgery is of utmost importance since only infiltrative disease should be treated by partial or complete rectal resection. This study compares different imaging procedures in rectovaginal endometriosis cases in an everyday clinical setting. ...
Raun Loren H - - 2013
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) provides an opportunity for decreasing cardiac mortality. Rates of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in which resuscitation was performed vary within cities and across demographics. To identify contiguous geographic census tracts with high OHCA, low BCPR rates and high-risk demographics to effectively target culturally appropriate community-based intervention ...
Ghassemi Alireza - - 2013
Auricular reconstruction is a challenging surgical intervention that requires perfect surgical skills, exact planning, and esthetic knowledge. It is necessary to use a suitable method of reconstruction for each patient. From 10 years of experience, the authors have developed a general concept for auricular reconstruction. Seventy-five patients (62 male, 13 ...
Rackley Sandra - - 2013
Though technical aspects of surgical practice are commonly emphasized, communication is the most frequent "procedure" employed by surgeons. A good patient-physician relationship enhances the quality of surgical care by improving outcomes and patient and family satisfaction. There are general principles that can enhance communication with all children and families. Employing ...
Menconi A - - 2013
Bacterial contamination of raw, processed poultry may include spoilage bacteria and foodborne pathogens. We evaluated different combinations of organic acid (OA) wash solutions for their ability to reduce bacterial contamination of raw chicken skin and to inhibit growth of spoilage bacteria and pathogens on skin during refrigerated storage. In experiment ...
Folinsbee Kaila E - - 2013
Papionin monkey fossils are common in the Plio-Pleistocene aged karst cave deposits northwest of Johannesburg in South Africa. These deposits have yielded important primate and other vertebrate fauna since their discovery in the early part of the 20th century. In this article, we describe new primate cranial and dental specimens ...
Chen Z Z Kings College London, London, UK. - - 2013
A significant number of patients experience inappropriate shock therapy (IST) from implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD). An increasing number of patients with advanced heart failure receive combined ICD and cardiac resynchronisation therapy devices (CRT-D). The incidence of IST in this group is less well described. We aimed to assess the incidence and ...
Turina Matthias - - 2013
Several factors predictive of readmission after colorectal surgery have been identified. Although often grouped together in readmission studies, colon and rectal resections differ in many ways. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with readmission after rectal resection. We performed a retrospective, single-center cohort study of 565 ...
Hirsch Jana A JA Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2013
Walk Score® and Transit Score® are open-source measures of the neighborhood built environment to support walking ("walkability") and access to transportation. To investigate associations of Street Smart Walk Score and Transit Score with self-reported transport and leisure walking using data from a large multicity and diverse population-based sample of adults. ...
Chai Shua J - - 2013
Although patients worldwide increasingly are using mobile phone text messaging (SMS) for clinical care, quality data are sparse on the community-level effectiveness of SMS to prevent and control disease. To determine SMS effectiveness in improving 2009 H1N1 knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and self-reported outcomes and to assess community SMS acceptability. A ...
Turbitt Erin - - 2013
High-resolution genomic tests have the potential to revolutionize healthcare by vastly improving mutation detection. The use of chromosomal microarray (CMA) represents one of the earliest examples of these new genomic tests being introduced and disseminated in the clinic. While CMA has clear advantages over traditional karyotyping in terms of mutation ...
Hester P Y - - 2013
A major skeletal problem of conventionally caged hens is increased susceptibility to osteoporosis mainly due to lack of exercise. Osteoporosis is characterized by a progressive decrease in mineralized structural bone. Whereas considerable attention has been given to enriching laying cages, little research has been conducted on providing caged pullets with ...
Orkusz A - - 2013
The objective of the work was to characterize the color of the of the goose breast meat packaged in protective atmosphere and stored in the refrigerated conditions. The aim was realized by determination of total heme pigment concentration; relative concentration of myoglobin, oxymyoglobin, and metmyoglobin; parameters of color L* (lightness), ...
Janssen Wiebke - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease that is associated with a poor prognosis and results in right heart dysfunction. While pulmonary vascular disease is the obvious primary pathological focus, right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction are major determinants of prognosis in PAH. Our knowledge about ...
Song W - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that promyelocytic leukaemia zinc finger (PLZF) is a spermatogonia-specific transcription factor in the testis, required to regulate self-renewal and maintenance of the spermatogonia stem cell. Up to now, expression and function of PLZF in the goat testis has not been known. The objectives of this study ...
Brown Scott C SC Center for Family Studies, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA. - - 2013
Walk Score® is a nationally and publicly available metric of neighborhood walkability based on proximity to amenities (e.g., retail, food, schools). However, few studies have examined the relationship of Walk Score to walking behavior. To examine the relationship of Walk Score to walking behavior in a sample of recent Cuban ...
Er Buket - - 2013
This study aimed to find the effects of quinolone antibiotics in chicken and beef used in Ankara, Turkey. Total number of 127 chicken and 104 beef meat samples were collected randomly from local markets for analysis. Extraction and determination of quinolones were made by ELISA procedure. One hundred eighteen of ...
van Emous R A - - 2013
The combined effects of growth pattern (GP) and dietary CP level during rearing (2 to 22 wk of age) on body composition and performance were investigated in broiler breeder females from 0 to 40 wk of age. One-day-old pullets (n = 768) were randomly allotted to 48 pens according to ...
Schwartz Robert A RA Dermatology, Preventive Medicine, and Pathology, Rutgers University New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103-2714, USA. - - 2013
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a life-threatening, typically drug-induced, mucocutaneous disease. TEN has a high mortality rate, making early diagnosis and treatment of paramount importance. New but experimental diagnostic tools that measure serum granulysin and high-mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) offer the potential to differentiate early TEN from other, less ...
Hosokawa Seiji - - 2013
Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) of the paranasal sinuses is an extremely rare and distinctive tumor with aggressive clinical behavior. Moreover, SNECs originating in the head and neck region have been reported to be highly aggressive and to have a poor prognosis. This report describes a patient with a maxillary ...
Munson Troy A - - 2013
ODI, Oswestry Disability IndexSPORT, Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial.
Hashemipour H - - 2013
This trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of phytogenic product containing an equal mixture of thymol and carvacrol at 4 levels (0, 60, 100, and 200 mg/kg of diet) on performance, antioxidant enzyme activities, fatty acid composition, digestive enzyme activities, and immune response in broiler chickens. ...
Uter Wolfgang - - 2013
Hydroxyisohexyl 3-cyclohexene carboxaldehyde (HICC) is a synthetic fragrance chemical and an important contact allergen, at least in Europe. Despite this importance, little is known about risk factors associated with this allergen. To examine factors from the history and clinical presentation of patch tested patients associated with HICC sensitization. Contact allergy ...
Välitalo Pyry Antti - - 2013
Although the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine in healthy volunteers have been studied, there are limited data about the pharmacokinetics of long-term administration of dexmedetomidine in critically ill patients. This population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed to quantify the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine in critically ill patients following infusions up to 14 days in duration. ...
Castiglione Fabiana - - 2013
Both thiopurines and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α agents are effective for treating Crohn's disease (CD) as they can induce clinical remission (CR) and mucosal healing (MH) in most patients. Nevertheless, data on transmural healing (TH) induced by thiopurines and anti-TNF-α agents are still lacking. This study aimed to explore ...
Perrin Christophe - - 2013
: The article aims to be a guide to the interpretation of tumors specific to the nail, that is, tumors presenting peculiar histological features linked specifically to the nail unit. Therefore, the classical epithelial, fibroepithelial, and fibrous skin tumors occurring in the nail region are not analyzed. The interpretation of ...
Lerwick Julie L - - 2013
The prevalence of childhood surgical illness and injury requiring hospitalization suggests the need for implementation of an applied intervention to decrease levels of anxiety in these patients. When psychological concerns are not addressed in the present moment, potential for long-term negative psychological effects occur. To respond to the psychosocial needs ...
Jones D R - - 2013
Alternative hen housing is becoming more commonplace in the egg market. However, a complete understanding of the implications for alternative housing systems on egg safety has not been achieved. The current study examines the impact of housing Hy-Line Brown, Hy-Line Silver Brown, and Barred Plymouth Rock hens in conventional cage, ...
Larsen B E - - 2013
Encapsulation or entrapment of cells is increasingly being used in a wide variety of scientific studies for tissue engineering and development of novel medical devices. The effect on cell metabolism of such systems is, in general, not well characterized. In this work, a simple system for monitoring respiration of cells ...
Tobin Anne-Marie - - 2013
Obesity is emerging as a global epidemic with at least 300 million people thought to be obese worldwide. This has implications for health professionals including dermatologists. Recent interest has focused on the role of obesity in psoriasis, but obesity is implicated in many dermatoses. Perhaps most worrying is emerging data ...
Ulmer T F - - 2013
ABSTRACT Introduction: Anastomotic leakage still remains a major complication in general surgery. Beside general risk factors, the ideal method of anastomotic technique has not been found until now. The aim of the present study was to analyze wound healing in suture-free small intestine anastomoses using fibrin glue with and without ...
Hillebrand Julia - - 2013
Neuroprotection is of paramount interest in cardiac surgery. Right axillary artery cannulation is well established in aortic surgery because it significantly improves survival and outcome, but malperfusion of the right brain after direct cannulation has been reported. Anatomically, 4 vessel segments are potentially amenable for cannulation of the subclavian and ...
Reth Michael M BIOSS Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. - - 2013
This Commentary discusses the spatial perception of receptors and their nanoscale organization at the surface of the lymphocyte membrane.
Bodí Sara González - - 2013
Litter quality in the poultry sector is one of the main parameters of health, productivity, and animal welfare. Therefore, innovative management methods have been developed to improve the quality of litter. One of them is litter aeration (LA) by tumbling. However, there is little information related to the effect of ...
Parmeshwar Rina - - 2013
American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) guidelines recommend only office visits and mammograms as the primary modalities for patient surveillance after treatment for breast carcinoma. This study aimed to quantify differences in posttreatment surveillance among medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and surgeons. We e-mailed a survey to the 3,245 ASCO members who ...
Hagmann S - - 2013
Although clinical applications using mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are becoming more frequent, procedures for their in vitro culture are far from standardized. Growth factors such as FGF-2 are frequently added during expansion to improve population growth and differentiation characteristics. However, up to now its influence on surface marker distribution of ...
Diepgen Thomas L - - 2013
There is little knowledge about the costs of occupational hand eczema. To estimate the societal costs of patients with occupational hand eczema in Germany. Resource use during the past year, disease severity and quality of life [Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)] were gathered for patients with occupational hand eczema before ...
Zhao J P - - 2013
The present study investigated the interaction of stocking density and cool perch availability on broiler chickens raised at high ambient temperature (>30.8°C). Behavior, live performance, and the incidence of footpad and hock burns and abdominal plumage damage were investigated over a 4-wk experimental period. A total of 1,152 one-day-old Arbor ...
Hutarova Z - - 2013
The study monitored the effect of various methods of treating pheasant carcasses after killing on the hygienic quality of the venison. Pithed pheasants treated by evisceration (n = 60), drawing (n = 60), or left untreated (n = 60) were stored for a period of 21 d at temperatures of ...
Dryden Gerald W - - 2013
Green tea and its main polyphenolic component, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), exert powerful anti-inflammatory effects that are protective against both inflammatory diseases and cancer. Research with animal and human cell lines provide plausible support for these claims. Poor absorption results in low systemic bioavailability of EGCG after oral administration but high colonic ...
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