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Owen Dylan M DM Centre for Vascular Research and Australian Centre for Nanomedicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2013
Identifying the three-dimensional molecular organization of subcellular organelles in intact cells has been challenging to date. Here we present an analysis approach for three-dimensional localization microscopy that can not only identify subcellular objects below the diffraction limit but also quantify their shape and volume. This approach is particularly useful to ...
Ziv Oren - - 2013
Pancreas homeostasis is based on replication of differentiated cells in order to maintain proper organ size and function under changing physiological demand. Recent studies suggest that acinar cells, the most abundant cell type in the pancreas, are facultative progenitors capable of reverting to embryonic-like multipotent progenitor cells under injury conditions ...
Khan Khaleque Newaz - - 2013
Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent chronic inflammatory condition associated with variable degrees of pelvic pain and infertility. Studies have showed that the growth and progression of endometriosis continue even in ovariectomized animals. This indicates that besides ovarian steroid hormones, the growth of endometriosis can be regulated by the innate immune system ...
Shi Dongbo - - 2013
Planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling is involved in many polarized cell behaviors. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Tatin et al. (2013) show that the atypical cadherin Celsr1 is transiently localized to cellular protrusions in lymphatic endothelial cells and acts to orient valve-forming cells perpendicular to the vessel axis.
Petti Lucia - - 2013
In this work we demonstrate the possibility to realize a novel unconventional ITO-free organic light emitting diode (OLED) utilizing a photonic polymeric electrode. Combining electron beam lithography and a plasma etching process to partially structure the highly conductive poly(3,4 ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) it is possible to realize an embedded photonic ...
Su Long-Jyun - - 2013
This work explores the possibility of increasing the density of negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy centers ([NV(-)]) in nanodiamonds using nitrogen-rich type Ib diamond powders as the starting material. The nanodiamonds (10-100 nm in diameter) were prepared by ball milling of microdiamonds, in which the density of neutral and atomically dispersed nitrogen ...
Ciofani Gianni - - 2013
This work describes, for the first time, doping of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) with gadolinium (Gd@BNNTs), a stable functionalization that permits non-invasive BNNT tracking via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We report the structure, Gd loading, and relaxometric properties in water suspension at 7 T of Gd@BNNTs, and show the behaviour ...
Huang Huihui - - 2013
In this paper, layered ZnO nanowall networks were directly grown on Al substrates using a hydrothermal method without predepositing seed layers. The individual ZnO nanowalls with a thickness of several nanometers and a size of several hundred nanometers were (002) surface dominated, in which the preferential growth direction of ZnO ...
Wolters Janik - - 2013
In this paper we study thermo-optical effects in gallium phosphite photonic crystal cavities in the visible range. By measuring the shift of narrow resonances, we derive the temperature dependency of the local refractive index of gallium phosphide in an attoliter volume over a temperature range between 5 and 300 K at ...
Ryu Yu Kyoung - - 2013
Silicon nanowire (SiNW) field-effect transistors have been fabricated by oxidation scanning probes and electron beam lithographies. The analysis and comparison of the electron mobility and subthreshold swing shows that the device performance is not affected by the top-down fabrication method. The two methods produce silicon nanowire transistors with similar electrical ...
Howlader Matiar M R - - 2013
In this paper, we report on a simple, low-cost process to grow GaAs nanostructures of a few nm diameter and ∼50 nm height in Pyrex glass wafers. These nanostructures were grown by sequential plasma activation of GaAs and Pyrex glass surfaces using a low-temperature hybrid plasma bonding technology in air. Raman ...
Aytug Tolga - - 2013
We describe the formation and properties of atomically bonded, optical quality, nanostructured thin glass film coatings on glass plates, utilizing phase separation by spinodal decomposition in a sodium borosilicate glass system. Following deposition via magnetron sputtering, thermal processing and differential etching, these coatings are structurally superhydrophilic (i.e., display anti-fogging functionality) ...
Pontvianne Frederic - - 2013
Eukaryotes can have thousands of 45S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, many of which are silenced during development. Using fluorescence-activated sorting techniques, we show that active rRNA genes in Arabidopsis thaliana are present within sorted nucleoli, whereas silenced rRNA genes are excluded. DNA methyltransferase (met1), histone deacetylase (hda6), or chromatin assembly ...
Chen Wei-Yi WY Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065, - - 2013
The multisubunit TFIID plays a direct role in transcription initiation by binding to core promoter elements and directing preinitiation complex assembly. Although TFIID may also function as a coactivator through direct interactions with promoter-bound activators, mechanistic aspects of this poorly defined function remain unclear. Here, biochemical studies show a direct ...
Goldstein Andrew S AS Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California at LosAngeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2013
Despite several recent studies addressing the cells of origin for prostate cancer, there is still considerable discussion in the field regarding the most relevant target populations for transformation. Tissue regeneration studies have pointed to a basal cell origin for mouse and human prostate cancer. In contrast, genetically engineered mouse models ...
Sancho Margarida M British Heart Foundation Centre for Research Excellence, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial Centre for Translational and Experimental Medicine, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, - - 2013
A fundamental question in developmental biology is whether there are mechanisms to detect stem cells with mutations that, although not adversely affecting viability, would compromise their ability to contribute to further development. Here, we show that cell competition is a mechanism regulating the fitness of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We ...
Li Carman Man-Chung CM David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2013
Metastasis accounts for the vast majority of cancer-related deaths, yet the molecular mechanisms that drive metastatic spread remain poorly understood. Here we report that Tks5, which has been linked to the formation of proteolytic cellular protrusions known as invadopodia, undergoes an isoform switch during metastatic progression in a genetically engineered ...
Soruco Marcela M L MM Department of Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology, and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, - - 2013
The Drosophila male-specific lethal (MSL) dosage compensation complex increases transcript levels on the single male X chromosome to equal the transcript levels in XX females. However, it is not known how the MSL complex is linked to its DNA recognition elements, the critical first step in dosage compensation. Here, we ...
Couch Frank B FB Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, - - 2013
The DNA damage response kinase ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) coordinates much of the cellular response to replication stress. The exact mechanisms by which ATR regulates DNA synthesis in conditions of replication stress are largely unknown, but this activity is critical for the viability and proliferation of cancer cells, making ...
Wang Qi Q Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, - - 2013
PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) comprises a collection of genetic disorders associated with germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene PTEN. Therapeutic options and preventative measures for PHTS are limited. Using both genetically engineered mouse models and pharmacological PI3K isoform-selective inhibitors, we found that the roles of PI3K isoforms are ...
Emerson Mark M MM Departments of Genetics and Ophthalmology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
Cone photoreceptors carry out phototransduction in daylight conditions and provide the critical first step in color vision. Despite their importance, little is known about the developmental mechanisms involved in their generation, particularly how they are determined relative to rod photoreceptors, the cells that initiate vision in dim light. Here, we ...
Cummings Chad - - 2013
Polymer-based protein engineering (PBPE) offers an attractive method to predictably modify and enhance enzyme structure and function. Using polymers that respond to stimuli such as temperature and pH, enzyme activity and stability can be predictably modified without a dependence on molecular biology. Herein, we demonstrate that temperature responsive enzyme-polymer conjugates ...
Miyazawa Kazuki - - 2013
Hydroalkoxymethylation of electron-deficient alkenes using alkoxymethyltrifluoroborates by photoredox catalysis has been developed. Highly reactive alkoxymethyl radicals can be easily generated from oxidation of alkoxymethyltrifluoroborates via a visible-light-induced SET process.
Urbina-Blanco César A - - 2013
The gem-difluoromethylene (CF2) group significantly accelerates ring-closing metathesis of 1,8-nonadienes relative to the methylene (CH2) group demonstrating similar rate accelerations to that observed for the classic Thorpe-Ingold substituents, diester malonates and ketals.
Delpozo Juan - - 2013
AuClL(1)/PdCl2L(2)2 cocatalyzed coupling of Ar(1)X and Ar(2)SnBu3 is feasible for bulky Ar(1), provided that at least one ligand on Pd is not strongly coordinating. This can be achieved in situ by Au/Pd ligand exchange if L(1) is weakly coordinating. When the exchange is slow, independent preparation of appropriate catalysts is ...
Bozic-Weber Biljana - - 2013
The hierarchical assembly of DSCs containing a new heteroleptic copper(i) complex with a phosphonic acid anchoring ligand is described; it is shown that conventional I(-)/I3(-) electrolytes may be replaced by [Co(bpy)3](2+/3+) with no loss in performance.
Wang Yang - - 2013
A novel strategy for delivering functionalised superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles to the outer surface of pancreatic islet grafts, using chemically modified polymeric nanolayers, has been developed for tracking of engrafted pancreatic islets by magnetic resonance imaging.
Santiso Erik E - - 2013
Continuous purification of chemical reaction products through adsorption-based operations during workup may present advantages over batch chromatography or crystallization. In pharmaceutical syntheses, however, the desired product is often structurally similar to byproducts or unconverted reactant, so that identifying a suitable adsorption medium is challenging. We developed an in silico screening ...
Lee Sang-Wang - - 2013
Despite the importance of retinoic acid (RA) signaling and histone monoubiquitination in determining cell fate, the underlying mechanism linking the two processes is poorly explored. We describe that additional sex comb-like 1 (ASXL1) represses RA receptor activity by cooperating with BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1), which contains the ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase ...
Wang Yun-Ting - - 2013
To further explore the coordination chemistry of poly-carbene complexes, two triphenylene-based planar tridentate N-heterocyclic carbenes and their corresponding tri-gold complexes were synthesized. Molecular structures of the tert-butyl substituted tritopic free carbene and the tri-nuclear gold complex were determined experimentally. A silver-dicarbene organometallic polymer was also prepared with the newly synthesized ...
Zhang Tao - - 2013
A porphyrin ytterbium complex (Yb-N) showed strong binding to phosphatidylserine and capability to differentiate cancer cells via targeting the anionic phospholipid membrane.
Gilbert Luke A LA Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, - - 2013
The genetic interrogation and reprogramming of cells requires methods for robust and precise targeting of genes for expression or repression. The CRISPR-associated catalytically inactive dCas9 protein offers a general platform for RNA-guided DNA targeting. Here, we show that fusion of dCas9 to effector domains with distinct regulatory functions enables stable ...
Cesare Anthony J AJ Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2013
Loss of chromosome end protection through telomere erosion is a hallmark of aging and senescence. Here we developed an experimental system that mimics physiological telomere deprotection in human cells and discovered that the telomere deprotection response is functionally distinct from the genomic DNA damage response. We found that, unlike genomic ...
Foulds Charles E CE Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Chromatin immunoprecipitation studies have mapped protein occupancies at many genomic loci. However, a detailed picture of the complexity of coregulators (CoRs) bound to a defined enhancer along with a transcription factor is missing. To address this, we used biotin-DNA pull-down assays coupled with mass spectrometry-immunoblotting to identify at least 17 ...
Zhang Junyu - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is induced by many reasons, including decreased cellular utilization of glucose and brain cell mitochondrial damages. Degradation product of microbially synthesized polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), namely, 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), can be an alternative to glucose during sustained hypoglycemia. In this study, the derivative of 3HB, 3-hydroxybutyrate methyl ester (HBME), was ...
Tian Li - - 2013
An efficient and powerful organocatalytic cascade reaction was achieved for the synthesis of biologically important chiral spiro[pyrrolidin-3,2'-oxindoles] using very simple and readily available starting materials. Three C-C bonds and four contiguous stereogenic centers including one quaternary stereocenter were established in a single operation with reasonable yields and good stereoselectivity.
Goriparti Subrahmanyam - - 2013
Ellagic acid, a naturally occurring polyphenol, extracted from pomegranate husk, is found to be a very good organic electrode material for rechargeable lithium batteries with high reversible capacities of ∼450 and 200 mA h g(-1) at C/10 and C/2.5 discharge rates, respectively; ex situ NMR studies reveal possible lithiation-delithiation modes ...
Sahana Animesh - - 2013
Naphthalene-salisaldehyde conjugate (NAPSAL) is established as a novel arsenate (H2AsO4(-)) selective 'turn-on' fluorescence probe. It can detect as low as 5 × 10(-9) M H2AsO4(-) in HEPES buffered EtOH : water (0.1 M, 1 : 9, v/v, pH 7.4). Trace level H2AsO4(-) in drinking water samples is measured using standard addition method. Intracellular arsenate ...
Xu Wei - - 2013
The atomic-scale identification of the G4K1 structural motif is achieved using an interplay of STM imaging and DFT calculations. Its high stability is found to be caused by the delicate balance between hydrogen bonding and metal-ligand interaction, which is of utmost relevance to model interactions of the G-quadruplex with cations ...
Liu Yang - - 2013
Enlarged tetrasubstituted alkenes with high fluorescent efficiency and good thermal stability are constructed. They exhibit luminance up to 35 160 cd m(-2) and efficiency of 16 cd A(-1) in OLEDs.
Zhai Duanting - - 2013
A novel ratiometric biothiol probe Glutathione Green was developed. It allows quantitative measurement of glutathione in cell extracts and direct visualization of changes in glutathione levels in live cells. Remarkably, this is the first reported biothiol probe which can detect the carcinoma region of liver tissue based on the differences ...
Lin Xiaoyan - - 2013
Based on backbone-modified molecular beacons and duplex-specific nuclease, we have developed a target recycling amplification method for highly sensitive and selective miRNA detection. The combination of a low fluorescence background of 2-OMe-RNA modified MB and nuclease-assisted signal amplification leads to ultrahigh assay sensitivity, and the powerful discriminating ability of MB ...
Qi Zhenhui - - 2013
A new and versatile, crown ether appended, chiral supergelator has been designed and synthesized based on the bis-urea motif. The introduction of a stereogenic center improved its gelation ability significantly relative to its achiral analogue. This low-molecular-weight gelator forms supramolecular gels in a variety of organic solvents. It is sensitive ...
Zou Jiaqi - - 2013
Proper design of nucleic acid sequences is crucial for many applications. We have previously established a thermodynamics-based quantitative model to help design aptamer-based nucleic acid probes by predicting equilibrium concentrations of all interacting species. To facilitate customization of this thermodynamic model for different applications, here we present a generic and ...
Fuchs Mathias - - 2013
In modern molecular biology, high-throughput experiments allow the simultaneous study of expression levels of thousands of biopolymers such as mRNAs, miRNAs or proteins. A typical goal of such experiments is to find molecular signatures that can distinguish between different types of tissue or that can predict a therapy outcome. While ...
Takahashi Hironobu - - 2013
In some parts of native tissues, the orientation of cells and/or extracellular matrixes is well organized. We know that because anisotropy produces important tissue functions, an appropriate anisotropy needs to be designed to biomimetically construct complex tissue. Here, we show the unique features of anisotropic myoblast sheets for organizing the ...
Shmueli Ron B - - 2013
Aberrant angiogenesis can cause or contribute to a number of diseases such as neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NVAMD). While current NVAMD treatments target angiogenesis, these treatments are not effective for all patients and also require frequent intravitreal injections. New agents and delivery systems to treat NVAMD could be beneficial to ...
Wang Fang - - 2013
We have developed a unique binaphthyl-pyrene system 1, whose dihedral angle is reversibly modulated by the addition of Zn(2+). Dihedral angle changes in this system were monitored by using circular dichroism (CD) and by an observed "off-on" fluorescence enhancement in aqueous solution. Owing to these changes, the presence of biologically ...
Leng Wenguang - - 2013
This study reports novel water dispersable organic nanowires based on the assembly of aniline oligomers. Due to their unique properties, these nanowires can be used as templates for fabrication of various kinds of freestanding and open-ended oxide nanotubes.
Tissir Fadel - - 2013
Planar cell polarity (PCP) is complementary to the intrinsic polarization of single cells and refers to the global coordination of cell behaviour in the plane of a tissue and, by extension, to the signalling pathways that control it. PCP is most evident in cell sheets, and research into PCP was ...
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