Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 6785
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Stafford Lesley - - 2013
PURPOSE: Group-based mindfulness training is frequently described in psycho-oncology literature, but little is known of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). We investigated the effectiveness and acceptability of MBCT for women with breast and gynecologic cancer. METHODS: Fifty women were recruited to participate in eight weekly 2-h mindfulness sessions. ...
Iskandarsyah Aulia - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to assess the level of satisfaction with the information on illness and treatment among breast cancer patients, to explore its association with patients' illness perceptions and quality of life, and to provide recommendations for improvement of the information provided. METHODS: Seventy breast cancer ...
Ramondetta Lois M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Through our survey of Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) members and its analysis, we sought to gain a broader, more inclusive perspective of physicians' understanding of patients' spiritual care needs and improve our approach to providing spiritual care to patients. METHODS: We developed a 16-question survey ...
Allen Kyle P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the prevalence of elevated intracranial hypertension in patients with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea (SCSFO). STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review at a tertiary care academic medical center following institutional review board approval. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing operative repair of SCSFO between ...
Parsaik Ajay K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of midodrine in orthostatic hypotension (OH). METHODS: We searched major databases and related conference proceedings through June 30, 2012. Two reviewers independently selected studies and extracted data. Random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the ...
Yamaguchi Tetsuo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibilities of probiotic strains that are suggested to be effective for preventing antibiotics-associated diarrhea (AAD). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 17 antibiotics against probiotic strains were tested by the agar plate dilution method or broth microdilution method. In all, ...
Korell Julia - - 2013
Most mathematical models developed for the survival of haematological cell populations, in particular red blood cells (RBCs), follow the principle of parsimony. They focus on the predominant destruction mechanism of age-related cell death (senescence) and do not account for within subject variability in the RBC lifespan. However, assessment of the ...
Pieczarka J C - - 2013
The species of genera Uroderma and Artibeus are medium-sized bats belonging to the family Phyllostomidae and subfamily Stenodermatinae (Mammalia, Chiroptera) from South America. They have a wide distribution in the Neotropical region, with two currently recognized species in Uroderma and approximately 20 species in Artibeus. These two genera have different ...
Kennedy Peter G E - - 2013
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) remains the most important cause of fatal sporadic encephalitis in man. Caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), and more rarely by HSV-2, it can have devastating clinical consequences for the patient, especially when the instigation of acyclovir therapy has been delayed by more than ...
Govoni Alessandra - - 2013
Muscular dystrophy is a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders characterised by progressive muscle tissue degeneration. No effective treatment has been discovered for these diseases. Preclinical and clinical studies aimed at the development of new therapeutic approaches have been carried out, primarily in subjects affected with dystrophinopathies (Duchenne and Becker muscular ...
Liang Liang - - 2013
Variation in the timing of plant phenology caused by phenotypic plasticity is a sensitive measure of how organisms respond to weather and climate variability. Although continental-scale gradients in climate and consequential patterns in plant phenology are well recognized, the contribution of underlying genotypic difference to the geography of phenology is ...
Holopainen Jari - - 2013
Several studies show a peak in suicide rates during springtime and suggest differences in the seasonal variation of suicides. However, the seasonal distribution of the temperature impact on suicide is less clear. This study investigated the relationship between diurnal temperature range (DTR) on suicide mortality. Daily temperature and suicide data ...
Li Yutao - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of one-shot versus gradual dilation technique for tract creation in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). A systematic research of Pubmed, Embase and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify all relevant studies. The quality of the included trials was assessed ...
Shahandeh Kh - - 2013
To improve malaria control measures, taking into account local beliefs and practices are essential. In the present study, the PEN-3 culture model as a theoretical framework was employed to examine how health beliefs, behaviors and practices associated with malaria prevention in two communities, Afghani refugees and Bluchi residents in a ...
Moser Karl-Heinz - - 2013
PURPOSE: Sclerotherapy is the treatment of choice for first-grade haemorrhoidal disease. Numerous studies have shown that sclerotherapy with foamed sclerosants is more efficacious than liquid in the treatment of varicose veins. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of polidocanol foam in comparison with liquid ...
Bae Sun Hyun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the predictors for severe intestinal toxicity (IT) in patients with abdominopelvic malignancies treated with three fractions of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR). METHODS: From 2001 to 2011, 202 patients with abdominopelvic malignancies were treated with curative-intent SABR. Among these, we retrospectively reviewed ...
Kozłowski M - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: The matrix metalloproteinases, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases and angiogenesis contribute to growth and spread of cancer. We investigated the correlation between pretreatment serum levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), and clinicopathologic features and survival in patients with esophageal cancer ...
Miyazaki Osamu - - 2013
NK012 is a micelle-forming macromolecular prodrug of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxy camptothecin (SN-38), an active metabolite of irinotecan. It is accumulated and retained in tumor tissues and gradually releases SN-38 in an enzyme-independent manner. NK012 was previously demonstrated to have stronger anti-tumor activity than irinotecan in a broad range of human solid-tumor xenograft ...
Moroney James V - - 2013
This review presents an overview of the two ways that cyanobacteria, algae, and plants have adapted to high O2 and low CO2 concentrations in the environment. First, the process of photorespiration enables photosynthetic organisms to recycle phosphoglycolate formed by the oxygenase reaction catalyzed by ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco). Second, there are ...
Buchanan James L - - 2013
Experimental evidence is presented on the translocation of vitamin D metabolite, 1,25-(OH)2D3, from the membrane to the nucleus in osteoblast progenitor cells. A mathematical model permitting traversal of the cytoplasm at either a fixed velocity or by diffusion is formulated in order to determine whether transport along the cytoskeletal tracks ...
Chae Hyun Wook - - 2013
PURPOSE: Medulloblastoma is a highly malignant childhood brain tumor. Survival from medulloblastoma is increasing. This study was performed to examine growth outcomes, insulin-like growth factor-1(IGF-1), and response to growth hormone (GH) treatment in children with medulloblastoma. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 34 children treated with GH for medulloblastoma was performed. We ...
Geelhaar-Karsch Anika - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Macrophage heterogeneity reflects their plasticity in response to environmental stimuli. Usually human macrophages are characterized by analysis of surface molecules or cytokine expression while functional assays are established in the mouse system but lacking for various human specimens. METHODS: To evaluate the value of analysis of arginine metabolism for ...
Porras Diego - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Midaortic syndrome is often associated with refractory hypertension. The aim of our study was to better understand the short- and medium-term outcomes in this patient population utilizing a multidisciplinary management approach. METHODS: We conducted a review of patients with midaortic syndrome treated at our institution over the past 30 ...
Ballor Douglas L - - 2013
We compared perceptions of smoking and non-smoking Tacoma, WA multiunit public housing residents regarding smoke-free policies and in-home smoking rules. Two-hundred-twenty-nine completed surveys (~16 % of units) of a modified version of the CDC's multiunit housing resident survey were analyzed. Smokers differed significantly (p < 0.05) from non-smokers with respect to agreement with ...
Németh Péter - - 2013
New methods for defect analysis can lead to improved interpretation of experimental data and thus better understanding of material properties. Although transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has been used to study defects for many decades, interpretive ambiguities can arise for cases that seem simple or even trivial. Using geometric phase analysis ...
Mackie Stewart A - - 2013
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome with an intact or highly restrictive atrial septum requires urgent decompression of the left atrium. Catheter-based interventions from the femoral or umbilical veins represent the standard method of atrial decompression. Restrictive atrial septal defects located at the superior portion of the fossa ovalis can be difficult ...
White Mark - - 2013
AIM: This paper reviews the Productive Ward: Releasing Time to Care™ literature, identifying and discussing the key characteristics that may contribute to successful implementation. BACKGROUND: It is 5 years since the official UK launch of the Productive Ward, and the Republic of Ireland commenced a phased, national implementation programme in 2011. ...
Liu Ya Li - - 2013
In this paper, a nanosized porous metal-organic framework, Fe-MIL-88NH2, was facilely prepared with a uniform octahedral shape by the addition of acetic acid, and for the first time was demonstrated to possess intrinsic peroxidase-like activity. Kinetic analysis and electron spin resonance measurements indicated that the catalytic behavior was consistent with ...
Yan Wen Feng - - 2013
The associations between cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) polymorphisms (-765G>C, -1195G>A, and -587G>A) and risk of gastric cancer have been investigated, but the results were inconsistent. The aim of this study was to explore the associations between COX-2 polymorphisms and risk of gastric cancer using a meta-analytic method. We searched the databases of ...
Zhao Wei-Xin - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the association of serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels with the prognosis of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Literature retrieval, trials selection and assessment, data collection, and statistical analysis were performed according to the Revman 5.0 guidelines. Literature-based searching was guided to gather data and either ...
Falzarano Renato - - 2013
Tumor markers are commonly used to detect a relapse of disease in oncologic patients during follow-up. It is important to evaluate new assay systems for a better and more precise assessment, as a standardized method is currently lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the concordance between an ...
Guerra Anna - - 2013
Detection of BRAF mutation in cytology specimens has been proposed as a diagnostic adjunctive tool in evaluation of thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytology findings. Concurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), a disease characterized by thyroid lymphocytic infiltration, is a frequent occurrence. A large lymphocytic infiltrate might reduce the ...
Tang Wen-Hao - - 2013
Cilostazol is an antiplatelet, antithrombotic agent with anti-inflammatory properties. To date, no clinical study has specifically evaluated the efficacy of cilostazol in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). We hypothesized that cilostazol might delay renal deterioration in DN patients at high risk of progression. Between April 2008 and April 2010, we ...
Du Jingna - - 2013
This study focused on the cadmium (Cd) tolerance of mangroves with application of phosphate (P) in order to explore whether exogenous P can alleviate Cd stress on these intertidal species. Kandelia obovata (S. L.) seedlings were cultivated in rhizoboxes under different levels of Cd and P concentrations. The speciation distributions ...
Sprocati Anna Rosa - - 2013
The planetary importance of microbial function requires urgently that our knowledge and our exploitation ability is extended, therefore every occasion of bioprospecting is welcome. In this work, bioprospecting is presented from the perspective of the UMBRELLA project, whose main goal was to develop an integral approach for remediation of soil ...
Amoozadeh E - - 2013
In the present study, cadmium and lead concentrations were compared in barnacles, ghost shrimps, polychaetes, bivalves, and sediment from ten different locations along the intertidal zone of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The results revealed significant differences in the heavy metal concentrations between the organisms with barnacles ...
Kiriukhin Michael - - 2013
Naturally mevalonate-resistant acetogen Clostridium sp. MT1243 produced only 425 mM acetate during syngas fermentation. Using Clostridium sp. MT1243 we engineered biocatalyst selectively producing mevalonate from synthesis gas or CO2/H2 blend. Acetate production and spore formation were eliminated from Clostridium sp. MT1243 using Cre-lox66/lox71-system. Cell energy released via elimination of phosphotransacetylase, acetate ...
Hutchison Christopher - - 2013
We present studies of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in laser ablation plumes of the ribonucleic acid nucleobase uracil and its deoxyribonucleic acid counterpart thymine. Harmonics were generated using 780 nm, 30 fs and 1300 nm, 40 fs radiation upon ablation with 1064 nm, 10 ns or 780 nm, 160 ps ...
Abdollahnejad Mohammad Reza - - 2013
The aims of this study were to examine the associations between psychiatric disorders and pathological gambling (PG) and the clustering of psychiatric disorders in high risk gambler populations. The sample comprised 140 regular gamblers who were recruited from the general public. A variety of self- report and semi structured questionnaires ...
Panattoni A - - 2013
Electrophysiological techniques were applied to investigate the action of antiviral drugs during trans-plasma events in in vivo grapevine cells infected by GLRaV-1 and GLRaV-3. Carbon fiber microelectrodes and redox-sensitive dyes were used to measure trans-plasma membrane electron transport (t-PMET) activity in healthy and infected samples treated with ribavirin, tiazofurin and ...
Sridhar Ashwin N - - 2013
Robotic prostatectomy is a common surgical treatment for men with prostate cancer, with some studies estimating that 80% of prostatectomies now performed in the USA are done so robotically. Despite the technical advantages offered by robotic systems, functional and oncological outcomes of prostatectomy can still be improved further. Alternative minimally ...
Cook Robert G - - 2013
The understanding of functional relations between action and consequence is a critical component of intelligence. To examine this linkage in pigeons, we investigated their understanding of the relations of the elements tested in an extension of Köhler's box stacking task to this species. In the experiments, the pigeons had to ...
Beran Michael J - - 2013
Self-control has been studied in nonhuman animals using a variety of tasks. The inter-temporal choice (ITC) task presents choices between smaller-sooner (SS) and larger-later (LL) options. Using food amounts as rewards, this presents two problems: (a) choices of the LL option could either reflect self-control or instead result from animals' ...
Buján Nuria - - 2013
Primary coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiencies are associated with mutations in genes encoding enzymes important for its biosynthesis and patients are responsive to CoQ10 supplementation. Early treatment allows better prognosis of the disease and therefore, early diagnosis is desirable. The complex phenotype and genotype and the frequent secondary CoQ10 deficiencies make ...
Pearse Ian S - - 2013
Leaf phenology is important to herbivores, but the timing and extent of leaf drop has not played an important role in our understanding of herbivore interactions with deciduous plants. Using phylogenetic general least squares regression, we compared the phenology of leaves of 55 oak species in a common garden with ...
Ciccacci Cinzia - - 2013
PURPOSE: Nevirapine (NVP) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, widely prescribed for type 1 human immunodeficiency virus infection. A small proportion of individuals treated with NVP experience severe cutaneous adverse events, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Our aim was to verify whether genetic variability in NVP-metabolizing ...
Robertson Jamie - - 2013
Dyslipidaemia is commonly observed in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with lower total cholesterol levels as well as lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reported in these patients than in individuals without RA. This pattern is mirrored in sepsis and other inflammatory states, ...
Proença Maria C - - 2013
A fully automatic approach to locate polyomavirus particles in transmission electron microscopy images is presented that can localize intact particles, many damaged capsids, and an acceptable percentage of superposed ones. Performance of the approach is quantified in 25 electron micrographs containing nearly 390 particles and compared with the interpretation of ...
Hansen Per-Anders - - 2013
Ln2O3 thin films with optically active f-electrons (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) have been grown on Si(100) and soda lime glass substrates by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using Ln(thd)3 (Hthd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione) and ozone as precursors. The temperature range for depositions was 200-400 ...
Asaoka Daisuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the eradication rate of first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), amoxicillin (AMPC) and clarithromycin (CAM) has been decreasing because of a high prevalence of CAM resistance. A possible decrease of the eradication rate for second-line therapy with a PPI, AMPC and ...
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