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Results 351 - 400 of 6785
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Su Xiang - - 2013
An efficient one-pot approach to multiple substituted quinazolines with diaryliodonium salt , and two nitriles has been presented. The reaction enables great flexibility of the substitution patterns on quinazolines and is applicable to two different nitriles to give a regio-selective product.
Deruiter Wayne K - - 2013
Individuals experiencing their first psychotic episode report rates of substance and tobacco use that are higher than observed in the general population. In this sample of individuals diagnosed with first episode psychosis, rural/non-rural variations in substance use and smoking behaviour were evaluated. Analyses were performed utilizing data from a sample ...
Baranska Agnieszka - - 2013
In the present longitudinal study, we followed volatile organic compounds (VOCs) excreted in exhaled breath of 20 healthy individuals over time, while adhering to a gluten-free diet for 4 weeks prior to adherence to a normal diet. We used gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (TD-GC-tof-MS) in combination with chemometric ...
Papkovsky Dmitri B - - 2013
Recent developments in the area of biological detection by optical sensing of molecular oxygen (O2) are reviewed, with particular emphasis on the quenched-phosphorescence O2 sensing technique. Following a brief introduction to the main principles, materials and formats of sensor technology, the main groups of applications targeted to biological detection using ...
Runnels Patrick - - 2013
Fellowship training in public and community psychiatry has been shown to both extend career tenure and promote leadership attainment. While starting and sustaining a successful fellowship involves overcoming several hurdles, a successful fellowship can serve as a foundation for developing a viable academic division. Case Western Reserve University has redesigned ...
Mas-Expósito Laia - - 2013
The elements and intensity of case management (CM) practices should be established according to patients' needs. Therefore, greater understanding of patients' needs in such community-based programmes is essential. This paper addresses this issue by characterizing two groups of patients receiving CM or a standard treatment programme (STP) and identifying the ...
Spooren A I F - - 2013
Study design:Cross-sectional studyObjective:The Van Lieshout hand function test for tetraplegia (VLT) measures the quality of arm-hand functioning in persons with tetraplegia. It is valid, reliable and responsive. However, it does not satisfy all the criteria for interval level measurement. The present study aims to apply the Rasch model to the ...
Xu Xiaojiang - - 2013
PURPOSE: This paper investigates the relationship between core temperature (T c), skin temperature (T s) and heat flux (HF) during exercise in hot conditions. METHOD: Nine test volunteers, wearing an Army Combat Uniform and body armor, participated in three sessions at 25 °C/50 % relative humidity (RH); 35 °C/70 % RH; and 42 °C/20 % RH. ...
Brown James R - - 2013
A strong therapeutic alliance has been shown to improve mental health treatment outcomes in adults, but this topic has not been fully explored with youth. Adolescents, particularly justice-involved youth, stand to benefit greatly from an improved treatment experience. One quality which can improve treatment is mental health providers' interpersonal skills ...
Propst Katie - - 2013
Pyogenic spondylodiscitis includes a spectrum of spinal infections such as discitis, osteomyelitis, epidural abscess, meningitis, subdural empyema, and spinal cord abscess. This is a rare complication of sacral colpopexy, but can lead to devastating consequences for the patient. We present two cases of pyogenic spondylodiscitis following sacral colpopexy. In addition, ...
Patzak Beatrix - - 2013
The history of the Pathologic-anatomical Collection in the Fools Tower dates back to the eighteenth century. After a brief summery of the events leading to the creation of the museum, the life and work of Lorenz Biermayer (1778-1843) is examined. The first autopsy records from 1817 can be traced back ...
Tanaka Shoichiro - - 2013
Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by a rapid onset of severe hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis, with subsequent poor prognosis of diabetic complications. This review summarizes new findings related to the pathophysiology of accelerated β-cell failure in fulminant type 1 diabetes. Immunohistological examination revealed the presence of enterovirus in pancreatic islet ...
Kloo Lars - - 2013
This viewpoint describes the background of the development of organic dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells, the impact of the 2006 ChemComm paper by Sun, Hagfeldt and co-workers regarding the D-π-A-family of dyes, some recent developments and possible future challenges to meet.
Yaku Hitoshi - - 2013
Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is one of the most important risk factors affecting prognosis of patients who suffer from myocardial infarction. The mechanisms of IMR, the indications for surgical intervention, the operative procedures, and the limitations of surgical procedures are discussed in this review article.
Okamoto Minoru - - 2013
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is rare and usually affects younger women in the peripartum period. Here, we report an interesting case of a 34-year-old woman with spontaneous coronary artery dissection that occurred 1 month after childbirth. Emergency coronary angiography showed stenosis of the left anterior descending artery, but immediately afterwards, a ...
Shimpo Hideto - - 2013
Since the introduction of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect, device closure has become the alternative treatment of selected atrial defects. Although excellent results have been reported for transcatheter closure, concerns have arisen regarding complications, including residual shunt, systemic or pulmonary embolization of the device, and erosion and perforation of ...
Tashiro Tadashi - - 2013
In coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), coronary artery anastomosis is generally performed under cardiac arrest using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To avoid the invasiveness of CPB, off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) is currently also used. In Japan, in particular, OPCAB now accounts for 60 % of all CABG operations and has become ...
Hsu Tang-Ho - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dyssynchrony parameters measured by phase analysis on gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with those measured by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two patient groups were enrolled from the ...
von Graevenitz A - - 2013
Turicella otitidis and Corynebacterium auris, described as new species 20 years ago, have been isolated mainly from the external ear canal and middle ear fluid. While their taxonomic position has been clearly established, their diagnosis in the routine laboratory is difficult. The question of their pathogenic potential in otitis is still ...
Liu Liu - - 2013
Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is a major viral agent that causes deadly grasserie disease in silkworms. BmNPV DNA polymerase (Bm-DNAPOL), encoded by the ORF53 gene, plays a central role in viral DNA replication. In this work, a His-tagged Bm-DNAPOL fusion protein, constructed using a novel MultiBac expression system, was overexpressed ...
Modak Anil S - - 2013
Over the last decade non invasive diagnostic phenotype [(13)C]-breath tests as well as tests using endogenous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in breath have been researched extensively. However, only three breath tests have been approved by the FDA over the last 15 years. Despite the potential benefits of these companion diagnostic tests ...
Thomsen Martin - - 2013
The identification of peptides binding to major histocompatibility complexes (MHC) is a critical step in the understanding of T cell immune responses. The human MHC genomic region (HLA) is extremely polymorphic comprising several thousand alleles, many encoding a distinct molecule. The potentially unique specificities remain experimentally uncharacterized for the vast ...
Starmer Heather M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluation of long-term patient-perceived functional outcomes and quality of life (QOL) related to communication and eating with an emphasis on voice, speech production, and swallowing after cerebello-pontine angle (CPA) surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: The MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI), Voice Handicap Index (VHI), and Facial Clinimetric ...
Sullivan Steve - - 2013
The history of the relationship between religion and mental health is one of commonality, conflict, controversy, and distrust. An awareness of this complex relationship is essential to clinicians and clergy seeking to holistically meet the needs of people in our clinics, our churches, and our communities. Understanding this relationship may ...
Minisini A M - - 2013
Development of central nervous system (CNS) metastases in breast cancer (BC) is associated with poor prognosis. The incidence of CNS metastases in metastatic BC is reported to be about 10-16 %, but different subtypes of BC are associated with different risk of developing CNS metastases. We retrospectively analysed the risk of ...
Tagare Amit - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcome of InSuRE (Intubation, Surfactant and Rapid Extubation) in managing preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: Preterm neonates fulfilling inclusion criteria were enrolled after obtaining informed parental consent. Criteria for success of InSuRE was predefined. Proportion of neonates with success or failure of InSuRE was ...
Zhu Lei - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To describe three cases of cryptococcus neoformans meningitis and evaluate their cellular immunity. METHODS: This study involved three cases of cryptococcus neoformans meningitis admitted to Children's Hospital of Shanxi Province between July 2010 and July 2011. Clinical presentations, laboratory findings, treatment and outcome in these cases has been discussed. ...
Dhooria Gurdeep Singh - - 2013
Patients with renal tubular acidosis (RTA) usually have tubular or low molecular weight proteinuria. The authors present a rare case of a 6-y-old girl with Fanconi syndrome secondary to cystinosis, who at presentation had nephrotic range proteinuria along with rickets and failure to thrive. Although hypoalbuminemia and massive proteinuria are ...
Sturney S C - - 2013
Analysis of breath acetone could be useful in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) setting to monitor evidence of starvation and metabolic stress. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between acetone concentrations in breath and blood in critical illness, to explore any changes in breath acetone concentration ...
Guinovart Tomàs - - 2013
A simple and generalized approach to build electrochemical sensors for wearable devices is presented. Commercial cotton yarns are first turned into electrical conductors through a simple dyeing process using a carbon nanotube ink. These conductive yarns are then partially coated with a suitable polymeric membrane to build ion-selective electrodes. Potentiometric ...
Nguyen Trieu - - 2013
In this contribution, we present for the first time the experimental results of energy conversion from the streaming current when a polymer is added to the working solution. We added polyacrylic acid (PAA) in concentrations of 200 ppm to 4000 ppm to a KCl solution. By introducing PAA, the input ...
Stafford Lesley - - 2013
PURPOSE: Group-based mindfulness training is frequently described in psycho-oncology literature, but little is known of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). We investigated the effectiveness and acceptability of MBCT for women with breast and gynecologic cancer. METHODS: Fifty women were recruited to participate in eight weekly 2-h mindfulness sessions. ...
Iskandarsyah Aulia - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to assess the level of satisfaction with the information on illness and treatment among breast cancer patients, to explore its association with patients' illness perceptions and quality of life, and to provide recommendations for improvement of the information provided. METHODS: Seventy breast cancer ...
Ramondetta Lois M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Through our survey of Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) members and its analysis, we sought to gain a broader, more inclusive perspective of physicians' understanding of patients' spiritual care needs and improve our approach to providing spiritual care to patients. METHODS: We developed a 16-question survey ...
Allen Kyle P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the prevalence of elevated intracranial hypertension in patients with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea (SCSFO). STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review at a tertiary care academic medical center following institutional review board approval. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing operative repair of SCSFO between ...
Parsaik Ajay K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of midodrine in orthostatic hypotension (OH). METHODS: We searched major databases and related conference proceedings through June 30, 2012. Two reviewers independently selected studies and extracted data. Random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the ...
Yamaguchi Tetsuo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibilities of probiotic strains that are suggested to be effective for preventing antibiotics-associated diarrhea (AAD). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 17 antibiotics against probiotic strains were tested by the agar plate dilution method or broth microdilution method. In all, ...
Korell Julia - - 2013
Most mathematical models developed for the survival of haematological cell populations, in particular red blood cells (RBCs), follow the principle of parsimony. They focus on the predominant destruction mechanism of age-related cell death (senescence) and do not account for within subject variability in the RBC lifespan. However, assessment of the ...
Pieczarka J C - - 2013
The species of genera Uroderma and Artibeus are medium-sized bats belonging to the family Phyllostomidae and subfamily Stenodermatinae (Mammalia, Chiroptera) from South America. They have a wide distribution in the Neotropical region, with two currently recognized species in Uroderma and approximately 20 species in Artibeus. These two genera have different ...
Kennedy Peter G E - - 2013
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) remains the most important cause of fatal sporadic encephalitis in man. Caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), and more rarely by HSV-2, it can have devastating clinical consequences for the patient, especially when the instigation of acyclovir therapy has been delayed by more than ...
Govoni Alessandra - - 2013
Muscular dystrophy is a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders characterised by progressive muscle tissue degeneration. No effective treatment has been discovered for these diseases. Preclinical and clinical studies aimed at the development of new therapeutic approaches have been carried out, primarily in subjects affected with dystrophinopathies (Duchenne and Becker muscular ...
Liang Liang - - 2013
Variation in the timing of plant phenology caused by phenotypic plasticity is a sensitive measure of how organisms respond to weather and climate variability. Although continental-scale gradients in climate and consequential patterns in plant phenology are well recognized, the contribution of underlying genotypic difference to the geography of phenology is ...
Holopainen Jari - - 2013
Several studies show a peak in suicide rates during springtime and suggest differences in the seasonal variation of suicides. However, the seasonal distribution of the temperature impact on suicide is less clear. This study investigated the relationship between diurnal temperature range (DTR) on suicide mortality. Daily temperature and suicide data ...
Li Yutao - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of one-shot versus gradual dilation technique for tract creation in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). A systematic research of Pubmed, Embase and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify all relevant studies. The quality of the included trials was assessed ...
Shahandeh Kh - - 2013
To improve malaria control measures, taking into account local beliefs and practices are essential. In the present study, the PEN-3 culture model as a theoretical framework was employed to examine how health beliefs, behaviors and practices associated with malaria prevention in two communities, Afghani refugees and Bluchi residents in a ...
Moser Karl-Heinz - - 2013
PURPOSE: Sclerotherapy is the treatment of choice for first-grade haemorrhoidal disease. Numerous studies have shown that sclerotherapy with foamed sclerosants is more efficacious than liquid in the treatment of varicose veins. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of polidocanol foam in comparison with liquid ...
Bae Sun Hyun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the predictors for severe intestinal toxicity (IT) in patients with abdominopelvic malignancies treated with three fractions of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR). METHODS: From 2001 to 2011, 202 patients with abdominopelvic malignancies were treated with curative-intent SABR. Among these, we retrospectively reviewed ...
Kozłowski M - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: The matrix metalloproteinases, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases and angiogenesis contribute to growth and spread of cancer. We investigated the correlation between pretreatment serum levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), and clinicopathologic features and survival in patients with esophageal cancer ...
Miyazaki Osamu - - 2013
NK012 is a micelle-forming macromolecular prodrug of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxy camptothecin (SN-38), an active metabolite of irinotecan. It is accumulated and retained in tumor tissues and gradually releases SN-38 in an enzyme-independent manner. NK012 was previously demonstrated to have stronger anti-tumor activity than irinotecan in a broad range of human solid-tumor xenograft ...
Moroney James V - - 2013
This review presents an overview of the two ways that cyanobacteria, algae, and plants have adapted to high O2 and low CO2 concentrations in the environment. First, the process of photorespiration enables photosynthetic organisms to recycle phosphoglycolate formed by the oxygenase reaction catalyzed by ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco). Second, there are ...
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