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Ardeshir Amir - - 2013
Idiopathic chronic diarrhea (ICD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among juvenile rhesus macaques. While lesions may be absent at colonoscopy, the histopathologic evaluation of the biopsy specimens is consistent with human macroscopic colitis (MC). In this study, we developed an isotropic uniform random sampling method to evaluate ...
McCarthy H D - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Skeletal muscle is considered a major site of insulin-mediated glucose disposal and is thus a key tissue in whole-body glucose homeostasis. Low muscle mass and fitness is associated with metabolic risk and muscular strength is positively related to higher insulin sensitivity in children ...
Song Na-Young - - 2013
Column chromatographic technology was applied to isolate six purified ursane triterpenoids from the calyx of Fragaria ananassa and they were identified on the basis of spectroscopic methods to be ursolic acid (1), pomolic acid (2), 2-oxo-pomolic acid (3), 3-O-acetyl pomolic acid (4), fupenzic acid (5) and euscaphic acid (6). This ...
Drličková Gabriela - - 2013
The growth of maize (Zea mays L.), hybrid Valentina, was compared in two types of contaminated soil substrates (Ochre and Heap) with different arsenic (As) concentration originating from an old mining area in Slovakia. Although the total As concentration in Heap soil was 2.6 times lower than in Ochre soil ...
Baranska Agnieszka - - 2013
In the present longitudinal study, we followed volatile organic compounds (VOCs) excreted in exhaled breath of 20 healthy individuals over time, while adhering to a gluten-free diet for 4 weeks prior to adherence to a normal diet. We used gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (TD-GC-tof-MS) in combination with chemometric ...
Palmer Julie R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Prenatal DES exposure has been associated with increased risk of breast cancer, but the mechanisms are unknown. Larger bra cup size has also been associated with increased breast cancer risk, although not consistently. We investigated the relation of prenatal DES exposure to mammary gland mass, as estimated by bra ...
Liu Ya Li - - 2013
In this paper, a nanosized porous metal-organic framework, Fe-MIL-88NH2, was facilely prepared with a uniform octahedral shape by the addition of acetic acid, and for the first time was demonstrated to possess intrinsic peroxidase-like activity. Kinetic analysis and electron spin resonance measurements indicated that the catalytic behavior was consistent with ...
Li Min - - 2013
An improved online two-dimensional liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2D LC-QToF MS) system was developed for the lipid profiling of human plasma, in which different lipid classes were separated by the first dimensional normal-phase (NP) LC and different lipid molecular species were separated by the second dimensional reversed-phase (RP) LC. ...
Suh Jung Hee - - 2013
The glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is the central, non-cellular layer of the glomerular filtration barrier that is situated between the two cellular components-fenestrated endothelial cells and interdigitated podocyte foot processes. The GBM is composed primarily of four types of extracellular matrix macromolecule-laminin-521, type IV collagen α3α4α5, the heparan sulphate proteoglycan ...
Fujita Kishu - - 2013
A 74-year-old woman presented with progressive dyspnea on exertion. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) demonstrated significant left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction with a pressure gradient of 100 mmHg caused by a sigmoid septum (SS). Mitral regurgitation (MR) of a mild to moderate degree occurred due to systolic anterior motion (SAM) of ...
Böhm Michael - - 2013
Renal afferent and efferent sympathetic nerves are involved in the regulation of blood pressure and have a pathophysiological role in hypertension. Renal sympathetic denervation is a novel therapeutic technique for the treatment of patients with resistant hypertension. Clinical trials of renal sympathetic denervation have shown significant reductions in blood pressure ...
Liu Kuo - - 2013
To investigate the linkage and association between rs966221 (SNP 83) in PDE4D gene with stroke and related traits in ischemic stroke families. Ischemic stroke families including ischemic stroke patients and their siblings and/or parents were recruited. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to adjust for with-in family correlations and other ...
Becerra F E - - 2013
Generalized quantum measurements implemented to allow for measurement outcomes termed inconclusive can perform perfect discrimination of non-orthogonal states, a task which is impossible using only measurements with definitive outcomes. Here we demonstrate such generalized quantum measurements for unambiguous discrimination of four non-orthogonal coherent states and obtain their quantum mechanical description, ...
Gao Zhangzhao - - 2013
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection is associated with porcine circovirus-associated diseases in pigs, which is a serious threat to the swine industry worldwide. To date, only three open reading frames (ORFs) within the PCV2 genome have been reported: ORF1 codes for two replicase proteins (Rep and Rep'), ORF2 for ...
Xia Jun - - 2013
Poly(ε-L-lysine) (ε-PL) producer strain Streptomyces albulus PD-1 secreted a novel polymeric substance into its culture broth along with ε-PL. The polymeric substance was purified to homogeneity and identified. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as other analytical techniques revealed that the ...
Propst Katie - - 2013
Pyogenic spondylodiscitis includes a spectrum of spinal infections such as discitis, osteomyelitis, epidural abscess, meningitis, subdural empyema, and spinal cord abscess. This is a rare complication of sacral colpopexy, but can lead to devastating consequences for the patient. We present two cases of pyogenic spondylodiscitis following sacral colpopexy. In addition, ...
Chorazy Szymon - - 2013
Unique two dimensional enantiopure cyanido-bridged {[Mn(II)(R-mpm)2]2[Nb(IV)(CN)8]}·4H2O and {[Mn(II)(S-mpm)2]2[Nb(IV)(CN)8]}·4H2O (-S) (mpm = α-methyl-2-pyridine-methanol) ferrimagnets with TC = 23.5 K were synthesized and characterized. They reveal natural optical activity (NOA) due to the chiral crystal structure, and magnetic optical activity (MOA) in the presence of an external magnetic field, with the strong ...
Gao Mingming M Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, - - 2013
High-fat diet (HFD) induced obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation, insulin resistance (IR), and glucose intolerance. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of interleukin 10 (IL10), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, on blocking HFD-induced obesity and obesity-associated metabolic disorders by hydrodynamic delivery of IL10-containing plasmid. Animals fed a ...
Yasuda Shota - - 2013
We describe our experience with stent-graft placement in a patient with a clinically diagnosed syphilitic aortic aneurysm.The patient was a 43-year-old man with syphilitic and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection. Computed tomography (CT) revealed an aortic aneurysm with 89 mm in maximum size which was located at distal aortic arch ...
Fu Lian Guo - - 2013
To categorize gowth and development stages among children and adolescents based on height, and to explore the influences of diet behaviors on height during diffrerent growth and development stages. Children and adolescents (7 to 18 years) with normal weights were selected using "Reference Norm for Screening Overweight and Obesity in ...
Szymczak Barbara - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Listeria sp. and Listeria monocytogenes in soil samples with reference to type of fertilizers (natural and artificial) and distance from places intensively exploited by men, as well as to determine the relationship between the presence of L. monocytogenes in ...
Wang Jian - - 2013
Reducing the accumulation of acetate in Escherichia coli cultures can decrease carbon efflux as by-products and reduce acetate toxicity, and therefore enable high cell density cultivation. The concentration of intracellular amino acids can be decreased by genetic modifications of the corresponding amino acid transport systems. This can increase the levels ...
Ogbodu Racheal O - - 2013
A conjugate between zinc monoamino phthalocyanine (ZnMAPc) and pyrene (Py) represented as ZnMAPc-Py (complex ) was synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic techniques and by elemental analysis. This manuscript also reports on the photochemical and photophysical properties of . This new compound exhibited higher triplet, fluorescence and singlet oxygen quantum ...
Ganeshan Dhakshina Moorthy - - 2013
Solid pseudo-papillary tumors are rare pancreatic tumors, which occur in females and are typically indolent neoplasms. However, atypical, aggressive variants can occur with locally advanced disease or metastases. They have characteristic imaging features, which vary according to size. This article provides a current update on the molecular biology, histopathology, clinico-radiological ...
Shimpo Hideto - - 2013
Since the introduction of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect, device closure has become the alternative treatment of selected atrial defects. Although excellent results have been reported for transcatheter closure, concerns have arisen regarding complications, including residual shunt, systemic or pulmonary embolization of the device, and erosion and perforation of ...
Han Kelong K Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Genentech Inc, South San Francisco, California, - - 2013
A number of classical pharmacokinetic studies have been conducted in transplant patients. However, they suffer from some limitations, for example, (1) the study design was limited to intense blood sampling in small groups of patients during a certain posttransplant period, (2) patient factors were evaluated one at a time to ...
Sharma Savita - - 2013
The influence of thermal stress on the association between human erythrocyte membranes and cytosolic proteins was studied by exposing erythrocyte suspensions and whole blood to different elevated temperatures. Membranes and cytosolic proteins from unheated and heat-stressed erythrocytes were analyzed by electrophoresis, followed by mass spectrometric identification. Four major (carbonic anhydrase ...
Pu Ji - - 2013
To compare the cytotoxicity and DNA strand breakage induced by multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with different lengths and different surface modifications in human alveolar type II cells (A549 cells). Two different lengths (5-15 μm, 350-700 nm) of MWCNTs and three different kinds of surface modified MWCNTs (COOH-MWCNTs, NH2-MWCNTs, and Tau-MWCNTs) ...
Sun Yu Ying - - 2013
To study the utilization situation of harm reduction services among drug users and to analyze the reasons of the drug users' absence in the services as well as their evaluation of the services quality based on the gender perspective, and then to provide advice on the improvement of harm reduction ...
Wendler Jens E - - 2013
Calcareous microplankton shells form the dominant components of ancient and modern pelagic sea-floor carbonates and are widely used in palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. The efficacy of these applications, however, is dependent upon minimal geochemical alteration during diagenesis, but these modifying processes are poorly understood. Here we report on new biomineralization architectures of ...
Vuk T - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Quality control results on leukoreduced buffy-coat platelet pools during the 7-year period (2005-2011) are presented with the aim to assess their overall quality and trends recorded during the study period. METHODS: Data of the Quality Assurance Department, Croatian Institute of Transfusion Medicine were used in the study. Measurement results ...
Huang Baorong - - 2013
Based on regional heterogeneity of environmental characteristics and factors influencing those characteristics, environmental units may be classified into homogeneous zones. Then, essential strategies and mitigation measures in each zone may be developed and environmental quality may be holistically improved using a system of environmental management regionalization (EMRZ). Here, an EMRZ ...
Modak Anil S - - 2013
Over the last decade non invasive diagnostic phenotype [(13)C]-breath tests as well as tests using endogenous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in breath have been researched extensively. However, only three breath tests have been approved by the FDA over the last 15 years. Despite the potential benefits of these companion diagnostic tests ...
Pyoun Hyoun Kyoung - - 2013
We explored a system that constructs environment-centered frames of reference and coordinates memory for the azimuth of an object in an enclosed space. For one group, we provided two environmental cues (doors): one in the front, and one in the rear. For a second group, we provided two object cues: ...
Tang Wen-Hao - - 2013
Cilostazol is an antiplatelet, antithrombotic agent with anti-inflammatory properties. To date, no clinical study has specifically evaluated the efficacy of cilostazol in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). We hypothesized that cilostazol might delay renal deterioration in DN patients at high risk of progression. Between April 2008 and April 2010, we ...
Seregni M - - 2013
Accurate dose delivery to extra-cranial lesions requires tumor motion compensation. An effective compensation can be achieved by real-time tracking of the target position, either measured in fluoroscopy or estimated through correlation models as a function of external surrogate motion. In this work, we integrated two internal/external correlation models (a state ...
Ikemura Kenji - - 2013
  The renal tubular secretion of cationic drugs is dominated by basolateral organic cation transporter 2 (rOCT2/SLC22A2) and luminal multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (rMATE1/SLC47A1). Little is known about the variation in the expression of these renal transporters after liver ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Here, we examined the pharmacokinetics of cationic drug, ...
Oyama Kyohei K Department of Medicine, Center for Cardiovascular Biology, Institute for Stem Cell Research, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2013
Although adult cardiac myocytes (CMs) have very little proliferative potential, fetal CMs divide robustly. The mechanisms underlying the post-mitotic state of CMs are poorly understood; however, recently Mahmoud et al. identified a homeodomain transcription factor, Meis1, which controls postnatal CM cell cycle.
Dwivedi M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: NALP1 has been suggested to be involved in a wide-range of susceptibility to autoimmune diseases including generalized vitiligo (GV). Genetic polymorphisms in NALP1 have been previously shown to be associated with GV and speculated to be involved in the regulation of its expression. OBJECTIVES: The present study explores NALP1 ...
Funayama Tadashi - - 2013
AIM: In-situation safety behaviors play an important role in the maintenance of anxiety because they prevent patients from experiencing unambiguous disconfirmation of their unrealistic beliefs about feared catastrophes. Strategies for identifying particular safety behaviors, however, have not been sufficiently investigated. The aims of the present study were to (i) develop ...
Song Yi - - 2013
To analyze the situation of sexual behavior in urban and rural Chinese high school students, and to make suggestions for providing appropriate sexual education in the future. An anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted in 224 770 high school students selected by using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method in 28 provincial ...
Luo Mai - - 2013
A rapid, simple, reliable, and environment-friendly method for the residue analysis of the enantiomers of four chiral fungicides including hexaconazole, triadimefon, tebuconazole, and penconazole in water samples was developed by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) pretreatment followed by chiral high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-DAD detection. The enantiomers were separated on a Chiralpak ...
Kristóf Endre - - 2013
Apoptotic cells express eat-me signals which are recognized by several receptors mainly on professional phagocytes of the mononuclear phagocyte system. This "engulfment synapse" can define a safe and effective clearance of apoptotic cells in order to maintain tissue homeostasis in the entire body. We show that the expression of four ...
Conway Rebecca E - - 2013
Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a pro-angiogenic cell-surface protease that we previously demonstrated regulates blood vessel formation in a laminin and integrin β1-dependent manner. Here, we examine the principal mechanism of PSMA activation of integrin β1. We show that digesting laminin sequentially with recombinant matrix metalloprotease-2 (MMP-2) and PSMA ...
Li Chuan Silvia - - 2013
PURPOSE: To understand orthopedic surgeons' views, preferences, and awareness on "treatment gap" and various conservative and surgical treatments for early to mid-stage knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire on the treatment of knee OA was developed in collaboration with orthopedic surgeons with extensive research experience and methodological expertise. The ...
Ma Weihu - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate anterior plate fixation of unstable atlas fractures using a transoral approach. OBJECTIVE: To further investigate the safety and efficacy of this surgical technique, as there is currently a paucity of available data. While most atlas fractures can be managed by external ...
Kaiser Frank - - 2013
Human peripheral blood monocytes were exposed to single or pairs of cell stress proteins (CSPs), specifically Hsp10, Hsp27, Hsp60 and Hsp70-the former two having anti-inflammatory actions while the latter pair being assumed to be pro-inflammatory in activity. This study was to test if these proteins exhibited any network behaviour. To ...
Oza-Frank Reena - - 2013
The objective of this study was to estimate rates of and factors associated with postpartum diabetes testing in women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Secondary data analysis was conducted using data from the 2009 and 2010 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System from three states and one city (Colorado, Minnesota, ...
Sturney S C - - 2013
Analysis of breath acetone could be useful in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) setting to monitor evidence of starvation and metabolic stress. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between acetone concentrations in breath and blood in critical illness, to explore any changes in breath acetone concentration ...
Sane Famara - - 2013
The role of enteroviruses, especially Coxsackievirus B (CVB), in type 1 diabetes is suspected, but the mechanisms of the virus-induced or aggravated pathogenesis of the disease are unknown. The hypothesis of an enterovirus-induced disturbance of pancreatic β-cells regeneration has been investigated in the human system. The infection of human pancreas ...
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