Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 6785
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Miwa Toshitada - - 2013
PURPOSE: Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is an increasing problematic complication following lumbar fusion surgeries. ASD requires appropriate treatment, although there are only few reports on surgery for ASD. This study aimed to clarify surgical outcomes of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for ASD. METHODS: Medical charts of 18 patients who ...
Nakazawa Yoshihisa - - 2013
A microscopic technique combining spectral confocal laser scanning microscopy with a lipophilic fluorescent dye, Nile red, which can emit trans-polyisoprene specific fluorescence, was developed, and unmixed images of synthesized trans-polyisoprene in situ in Eucommia ulmoides were successfully obtained. The images showed that trans-polyisoprene was initially synthesized as granules in non-articulated ...
de Los Milagros Bassani Molinas Maria - - 2013
Large scale, transient gene expression (TGE) is highly dependent of the physiological status of a cell line. Therefore, intracellular nucleotide pools and ratios were used for identifying and monitoring the optimal status of a suspension cell line used for TGE. The transfection efficiency upon polyethyleneimine (PEI)-mediated transient gene delivery into ...
Kaiser Frank - - 2013
Human peripheral blood monocytes were exposed to single or pairs of cell stress proteins (CSPs), specifically Hsp10, Hsp27, Hsp60 and Hsp70-the former two having anti-inflammatory actions while the latter pair being assumed to be pro-inflammatory in activity. This study was to test if these proteins exhibited any network behaviour. To ...
Doku Reginald T - - 2013
Cu(I) exhibits high affinity for thiolate ligands, suggesting that thiol-rich zinc or iron binding sites may be subject to disruption during copper stress conditions. Zinc fingers constitute a large class of metalloproteins that use a combination of cysteine and histidine residues that bind Zn(II) as a structural element. Despite the ...
Fritzell Sara - - 2013
Despite temozolomide (TMZ) treatment, the prognosis for patients with glioblastoma multiforme is still dismal. As dose escalation of TMZ is limited by systemic toxicity, intratumoral delivery emerges as an attractive treatment modality, which may sustain cytotoxic drug concentrations intratumorally and induce immunogenic cell death. Both clinical and experimental gliomas have ...
Vis M - - 2013
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease that can lead to local joint deformations (bone erosions and joint space narrowing) and to extra-articular phenomena, including generalized osteoporosis. In addition, in patients with RA, the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures is doubled. High disease activity (inflammation), immobility, and glucocorticoid ...
Jiang Guangming - - 2013
Recent studies have shown that free nitrous acid (FNA) is biocidal to a broad range of microorganisms. Microorganisms residing in anaerobic sewer biofilms were found to be inactivated after a short (6-24 h) exposure to FNA. In this study, we investigate the inactivation kinetics of anaerobic sewer biofilms grown in real ...
Lara-Pezzi Enrique - - 2013
Alternative splicing is the main driver of protein diversity and allows the production of different proteins from each gene in the genome. Changes in exon exclusion, intron retention or the use of alternative splice sites can alter protein structure, localisation, regulation and function. In the heart, alternative splicing of sarcomeric ...
Wang Jian - - 2013
Reducing the accumulation of acetate in Escherichia coli cultures can decrease carbon efflux as by-products and reduce acetate toxicity, and therefore enable high cell density cultivation. The concentration of intracellular amino acids can be decreased by genetic modifications of the corresponding amino acid transport systems. This can increase the levels ...
Shehab Noura - - 2013
A large percentage of organic fuel consumed in a microbial fuel cell (MFC) is lost as a result of oxygen transfer through the cathode. In order to understand how this oxygen transfer affects the microbial community structure, reactors were operated in duplicate using three configurations: closed circuit (CC; with current ...
Xu S C - - 2013
The production of SERS-active substrates which are uniform, sensitive, reproducibile and durable still remains an important issue. Here, we report a strategy for the fabrication of a large-area Ag-decorated TiO2 nanograss SERS-active substrate by a simple solvothermal approach combined with Ag evaporation. The nanograss consists of dense rutile TiO2 nanorods ...
Zhang Yuting - - 2013
Chitin, present in crustacean shells, insects, and fungi, is the second most plentiful natural organic fiber after wood. To effectively use chitin in a cost-saving and environmentally friendly way in aquaculture, crustacean shells (e.g., shrimp-shell meal) are supplemented into aquafeed after degradation by chemical methods. Herein, we describe a chitinase ...
Hrubesh Lawrence W - - 2013
Pure-rotational spectrometry (PRS) is an established method, typically used to study structures and properties of polar gas-phase molecules, including isotopic and isomeric varieties. PRS has also been used as an analytical tool where it is particularly well suited for detecting or monitoring low-molecular-weight species that are found in exhaled breath. ...
Xia Jun - - 2013
Poly(ε-L-lysine) (ε-PL) producer strain Streptomyces albulus PD-1 secreted a novel polymeric substance into its culture broth along with ε-PL. The polymeric substance was purified to homogeneity and identified. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as other analytical techniques revealed that the ...
Taşkın Salih - - 2013
PURPOSE(S): To evaluate results of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) following debulking surgery in patients with extensive metastatic disease and/or poor medical performance METHOD(S): Advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer patients were treated with either NACT followed by debulking surgery or primary surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy after assessment of the extent of ...
Wallwiener Markus - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) with total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with regard to relevant surgical parameters and risk factors of conversion to laparotomy and complications. METHODS: This prospective, open, single-center, interventional study included women with benign gynecologic disease who underwent standardized LSH or TLH. The techniques were compared ...
Malagoli Massimo - - 2013
Density functional theory calculations are used to investigate the energetics of protons crossing triple phase boundaries based on a metal catalyst, Pd or Ni, and barium zirconate. Our calculations show that the proton transfer reaction at these interfaces is controlled by the terminal layer of the electrolyte in contact with ...
Matsuda Akihisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hepatic pedicle clamping (HPC) has been demonstrated to be effective for short-term outcomes during hepatic resection. However, HPC-induced hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury can accelerate the outgrowth of hepatic micrometastases in experimental studies. The conclusive evidence regarding effects of HPC on long-term patient outcomes after hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastasis ...
Amit M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We aimed to study the importance of clinical N classification (cN) in a subgroup of patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and pathologically negative neck nodes (pN-). METHODS: A total of 2,258 patients from 11 cancer centers who underwent neck dissection for OSCC (1990-2011) had pN- disease. ...
Chang Peter Mu-Hsin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer deaths around the world, and a high recurrence rate after complete resection is an important issue reducing the cure rate and survival of patients with early stage NSCLC. Several pathologic biomarkers are associated with recurrence in early stage ...
Zhang Yang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: AAA+ nuclear coregulator cancer associated (ANCCA) is found to be overexpressed in various cancer types and could play a role in common and fundamental cellular processes. A recent study suggested that ANCCA was a likely driver whose expression explained the behavior of differentially expressed proliferation-related genes in lung adenocarcinoma. ...
Mishima Katsuaki - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To measure movements of the velopharynx in detail, a novel method of producing range images of the velopharynx was developed using a 3-D endoscope. The purpose of this paper is to introduce this system and to clarify its accuracy. STUDY DESIGN: The standard errors of repeated measurements, intraclass correlation ...
Hall Eric S - - 2013
The objectives of this study is to evaluate the impact of vital record gestational age estimation method on resulting preterm birth (PTB) rate calculations. This retrospective analysis reviewed three methods of gestational age estimation using all Ohio live birth records from 2006 to 2009. PTB rates were calculated using each ...
Goedken Amber M - - 2013
Our objective was to identify factors related to receipt of the recommended number of well-child visits in insured children. We hypothesized parent insurance status would be related to receipt of well-child visits, with those with uninsured parents more likely to have fewer visits than recommended. Data for the study came ...
Zickafoose Joseph S - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that infants auto-assigned to a Medicaid managed care plan would have lower primary care and higher emergency department (ED) utilization compared to infants with a chosen plan. Retrospective cohort study. Medicaid administrative data were used to identify all children 0-3 months of age at enrollment in Michigan ...
Martin Anika - - 2013
To explore important domains of women's postpartum experiences as perceived by postpartum mothers and obstetricians/midwives, and to investigate how postpartum care could enhance patient preparation for the postpartum period. Qualitative research study was conducted to explore women's and clinicians' perceptions of the postpartum experience. Four focus groups of postpartum women ...
Tucker Edmonds Brownsyne - - 2013
To determine predictors and pregnancy outcomes associated with antepartum discharge against medical advice (AMA D/C). Retrospective cohort study of state-level maternal and infant hospital discharge data linked to vital statistics data for antepartum admissions in California from 1995 to 2005. (N = 203,250). After adjusting for comorbid conditions, the odds of AMA ...
Erichsen Rune - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Colorectal cancers (CRCs) diagnosed relatively soon after a colonoscopy are referred to as interval CRCs. It is not clear whether interval CRCs arise from prevalent lesions missed at colonoscopy or represent specific aggressive biology leading to poor survival.METHODS:Using Danish population-based medical registries (2000-2009), we investigated patients with "interval" CRC diagnosed ...
Mitin Alexander V - - 2013
The 2df polarization functions for the modified m6-31G basis sets of the third-row atoms Ga through Kr (Int J Quantum Chem, 2007, 107, 3028; Int J. Quantum Chem, 2009, 109, 1158) are proposed. The performances of the m6-31G, m6-31G(d,p), and m6-31G(2df,p) basis sets were examined in molecular calculations carried out ...
Czerniak Efrat - - 2013
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the main brain neurosteroid, has been implicated in various psychiatric disorders especially those including gender differences. We studied genetic variability in the DHEA-producing enzyme CYP17A1 in relation to anorexia nervosa (AN) susceptibility and AN-related co-morbidities. We performed analysis of 100 Israeli AN family trios accounting for CYP17A1 haplotypes ...
Kim Shin Y - - 2013
The objectives are to report the estimated prevalence of pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a defined population of Alaska Native women and also examine factors contributing to an intensive and successful collaboration between a tribal health center and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Investigators abstracted medical ...
Su Xiang - - 2013
An efficient one-pot approach to multiple substituted quinazolines with diaryliodonium salt , and two nitriles has been presented. The reaction enables great flexibility of the substitution patterns on quinazolines and is applicable to two different nitriles to give a regio-selective product.
Deruiter Wayne K - - 2013
Individuals experiencing their first psychotic episode report rates of substance and tobacco use that are higher than observed in the general population. In this sample of individuals diagnosed with first episode psychosis, rural/non-rural variations in substance use and smoking behaviour were evaluated. Analyses were performed utilizing data from a sample ...
Baranska Agnieszka - - 2013
In the present longitudinal study, we followed volatile organic compounds (VOCs) excreted in exhaled breath of 20 healthy individuals over time, while adhering to a gluten-free diet for 4 weeks prior to adherence to a normal diet. We used gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (TD-GC-tof-MS) in combination with chemometric ...
Papkovsky Dmitri B - - 2013
Recent developments in the area of biological detection by optical sensing of molecular oxygen (O2) are reviewed, with particular emphasis on the quenched-phosphorescence O2 sensing technique. Following a brief introduction to the main principles, materials and formats of sensor technology, the main groups of applications targeted to biological detection using ...
Runnels Patrick - - 2013
Fellowship training in public and community psychiatry has been shown to both extend career tenure and promote leadership attainment. While starting and sustaining a successful fellowship involves overcoming several hurdles, a successful fellowship can serve as a foundation for developing a viable academic division. Case Western Reserve University has redesigned ...
Mas-Expósito Laia - - 2013
The elements and intensity of case management (CM) practices should be established according to patients' needs. Therefore, greater understanding of patients' needs in such community-based programmes is essential. This paper addresses this issue by characterizing two groups of patients receiving CM or a standard treatment programme (STP) and identifying the ...
Spooren A I F - - 2013
Study design:Cross-sectional studyObjective:The Van Lieshout hand function test for tetraplegia (VLT) measures the quality of arm-hand functioning in persons with tetraplegia. It is valid, reliable and responsive. However, it does not satisfy all the criteria for interval level measurement. The present study aims to apply the Rasch model to the ...
Xu Xiaojiang - - 2013
PURPOSE: This paper investigates the relationship between core temperature (T c), skin temperature (T s) and heat flux (HF) during exercise in hot conditions. METHOD: Nine test volunteers, wearing an Army Combat Uniform and body armor, participated in three sessions at 25 °C/50 % relative humidity (RH); 35 °C/70 % RH; and 42 °C/20 % RH. ...
Brown James R - - 2013
A strong therapeutic alliance has been shown to improve mental health treatment outcomes in adults, but this topic has not been fully explored with youth. Adolescents, particularly justice-involved youth, stand to benefit greatly from an improved treatment experience. One quality which can improve treatment is mental health providers' interpersonal skills ...
Propst Katie - - 2013
Pyogenic spondylodiscitis includes a spectrum of spinal infections such as discitis, osteomyelitis, epidural abscess, meningitis, subdural empyema, and spinal cord abscess. This is a rare complication of sacral colpopexy, but can lead to devastating consequences for the patient. We present two cases of pyogenic spondylodiscitis following sacral colpopexy. In addition, ...
Patzak Beatrix - - 2013
The history of the Pathologic-anatomical Collection in the Fools Tower dates back to the eighteenth century. After a brief summery of the events leading to the creation of the museum, the life and work of Lorenz Biermayer (1778-1843) is examined. The first autopsy records from 1817 can be traced back ...
Tanaka Shoichiro - - 2013
Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by a rapid onset of severe hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis, with subsequent poor prognosis of diabetic complications. This review summarizes new findings related to the pathophysiology of accelerated β-cell failure in fulminant type 1 diabetes. Immunohistological examination revealed the presence of enterovirus in pancreatic islet ...
Kloo Lars - - 2013
This viewpoint describes the background of the development of organic dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells, the impact of the 2006 ChemComm paper by Sun, Hagfeldt and co-workers regarding the D-π-A-family of dyes, some recent developments and possible future challenges to meet.
Yaku Hitoshi - - 2013
Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is one of the most important risk factors affecting prognosis of patients who suffer from myocardial infarction. The mechanisms of IMR, the indications for surgical intervention, the operative procedures, and the limitations of surgical procedures are discussed in this review article.
Okamoto Minoru - - 2013
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is rare and usually affects younger women in the peripartum period. Here, we report an interesting case of a 34-year-old woman with spontaneous coronary artery dissection that occurred 1 month after childbirth. Emergency coronary angiography showed stenosis of the left anterior descending artery, but immediately afterwards, a ...
Shimpo Hideto - - 2013
Since the introduction of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect, device closure has become the alternative treatment of selected atrial defects. Although excellent results have been reported for transcatheter closure, concerns have arisen regarding complications, including residual shunt, systemic or pulmonary embolization of the device, and erosion and perforation of ...
Tashiro Tadashi - - 2013
In coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), coronary artery anastomosis is generally performed under cardiac arrest using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To avoid the invasiveness of CPB, off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) is currently also used. In Japan, in particular, OPCAB now accounts for 60 % of all CABG operations and has become ...
Hsu Tang-Ho - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dyssynchrony parameters measured by phase analysis on gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with those measured by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two patient groups were enrolled from the ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >