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Results 201 - 250 of 6785
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Meng Xiu Li - - 2013
To compare anesthesia profiles of target-controlled infusion (TCI) and manual-controlled infusion (MCI) of propofol and remifentanil in kyphosis correction or scoliosis correction surgery, in which intraoperative spinal cord monitoring was employed. In the study, 160 patients scheduled for kyphosis correction surgery or scoliosis correction were enrolled and randomly allocated into ...
Lv Da - - 2013
To establish a predictive model for long-term tooth loss of patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) after periodontal treatment. Patients diagnosed as AgP in Department of Periodontology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, who were re-evaluated 3 to 11 years after periodontal treatment were enrolled (n=85). Logistic regression was performed ...
Wei Qiang Wei - - 2013
To investigate the proliferation and differentiation of the human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) on the bioactive scaffolds. Primary HDPCs were harvested from impacted third molars of healthy adult individuals (18-25 years of age) by enzyme digestion, expanded and cultured. The cells used for this investigation were the 4 th passage. ...
Yang Guang - - 2013
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetic mellitus. Its treatment by now is mainly focused on the suppression of the renin-angiotonin system and the control of relative risk factors such as hypertention, hyperglycemia and so on, whose effectiveness is disappointed. Stem cells can be ...
Zhang Jin - - 2013
Argonaute (Ago) proteins have been demonstrated to be widely expressed and involved in post-transcriptional gene silencing and thus play key roles in carcinogenesis. Nevertheless, little is known about the specific role of Ago2 in gastric cancer (GC). Thus, we aimed to study the expression of Ago2 in 363 primary GC, ...
Wendler Jens E - - 2013
Calcareous microplankton shells form the dominant components of ancient and modern pelagic sea-floor carbonates and are widely used in palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. The efficacy of these applications, however, is dependent upon minimal geochemical alteration during diagenesis, but these modifying processes are poorly understood. Here we report on new biomineralization architectures of ...
Bukowski Michal - - 2013
Toxin-antitoxin systems were shown to be involved in plasmid maintenance when they were initially discovered, but other roles have been demonstrated since. Here we identify and characterize a novel toxin-antitoxin system (pemIKSa) located on Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pCH91. The toxin (PemKSa) is a sequence-specific endoribonuclease recognizing the tetrad sequence U↓AUU, ...
Fu Lian Guo - - 2013
To categorize gowth and development stages among children and adolescents based on height, and to explore the influences of diet behaviors on height during diffrerent growth and development stages. Children and adolescents (7 to 18 years) with normal weights were selected using "Reference Norm for Screening Overweight and Obesity in ...
Fang Yue Hui - - 2013
To investigate the effect of iron saturated recombinant human lactoferrin (Fe-rhLf) on treating iron deficiency anemia (IDA). SD rats received iron deficient diet and deionized water during the whole experiment. After 4 weeks, the rats with hemoglobin less than 100 g/L were selected and divided into 5 groups randomly. IDA ...
Li Gui Ye - - 2013
To investigate the prevalence and the diagnostic values of antibodies to the citrullinated HPVP in early-stage rheumatoid arthritis. Antibodies against HPVP and citrullinated HPVP were detected by ELISA in the sera of 101 patients with early-stage RA, 149 patients with other rheumatic diseases and 40 healthy controls. The prevalence and ...
Xie Jing - - 2013
To establish a simple method of measuring hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in cultured living cells. Filtration membrane was stuck on the lid of cell culture plate. H2S released from cultured cells was trapped by zinc acetate to generate ZnS deposition. Then the ZnS trapped in the filtration membrane was measured by ...
Gao Yang Xu - - 2013
Children intestinal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is rare, and its clinical differential is very difficult to the malignant tumor. Its diagnosis depends on pathology, and operation is the most effective therapy method. We preset here a case of a 5-year-old girl who was admitted to the hospital for intestinal obstruction. ...
Xie Zheng - - 2013
This research reviews the recent global health response to the Post-2015 development agenda setting. It discusses three burning issues during the on-going country consultation: how health can be fitted into the post-MDG agenda, the achievements and lessons learnt from Millennium Development Goals (MDG), and health related goals and indicators setting. ...
Guo Shuai Jun - - 2013
To investigate the status of smoking and alcohol drinking behaviors in undergraduate students, and explore the relationship between smoking and alcohol drinking and other health risk behaviors. A total of 7 979 students from 44 universities or colleges across China were sampled with multiple-stage stratified sampling method. A cross-sectional investigation ...
Wang Fu Hua - - 2013
To assess the status of free influenza vaccination rates for the elderly in Beijing. A questionnaire survey was carried out among 1 000 old people in Beijing. Random sampling method was employed. Descriptive analysis and Chi square test were used for statistical analysis, and Logistic regression model was used to ...
Tang Shu Nv - - 2013
To identify the social determinants of chronic disease in China. Cross sectional data of working population aged from 18 to 60 years were drawn from the database of Chinese Family Panel Studies (CFPS) 2010. Logistic regression model was used for analyzing the difference of chronic conditions prevalence among the self-evaluated ...
Wu Qi - - 2013
To compare the values of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) and TBNA for the diagnosis of hilar and mediastinal lesions. The clinical data of 100 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA (n=50) and TBNA (n=50) between January 2010 and May 2011 were retrospectively reviewed, and the results and complications were recorded. ...
Huang Jian Lin - - 2013
Radical prostatectomy is one of the most effective treatments for men with clinically localized prostate cancer. Though technical innovations,especially laparoscopic techniques,have developed rapidly for the last decade, urinary incontinence remains one of the most troubling side effects of the operation. While the injury of urethral sphincter and its innervations was ...
Park Yeon Sil - - 2013
The facile synthesis of a resorcin[4]arene-based imino-cavitand with benzamido moieties and its self-assembly into molecular capsules are reported. Benzamido-iminocavitand efficiently self-assembled into thermally inert molecular capsules in the presence of suitable guests via the eight intermolecular N-HO[double bond, length as m-dash]C hydrogen bonds.
Büch H - - 2013
The spin states of an electron bound to a single phosphorus donor in silicon show remarkably long coherence and relaxation times, which makes them promising building blocks for the realization of a solid-state quantum computer. Here we demonstrate, by high-fidelity (93%) electrical spin readout, that a long relaxation time T1 ...
Lee J H - - 2013
The power of optical lattices for quantum simulation and computation is greatly enhanced when atoms at individual lattice sites can be accessed for measurement and control. Experiments routinely use high-resolution microscopy to obtain site-resolved images in real time, and site-resolved spin flips have been implemented using microwaves resonant with frequency-shifted ...
Becerra F E - - 2013
Generalized quantum measurements implemented to allow for measurement outcomes termed inconclusive can perform perfect discrimination of non-orthogonal states, a task which is impossible using only measurements with definitive outcomes. Here we demonstrate such generalized quantum measurements for unambiguous discrimination of four non-orthogonal coherent states and obtain their quantum mechanical description, ...
Liu Mingjie - - 2013
Hydrogels, postmodulable in controlled time and space domains, attract particular attention due to their potential in bio-related applications. Towards this goal, photolatently reactive hydrogels are very promising. Here we develop photolatently modulable hydrogels, composed of a polymer network accommodating photocatalytic titania nanosheets at every crosslinking point. As titania nanosheets can ...
Sacek Victor - - 2013
Continental rifting does not always follow a straight line. Nevertheless, little attention has been given to the influence of rifting curvature in the evolution of extended margins. Here, using a three-dimensional model to simulate mantle dynamics, we demonstrate that the curvature of rifting along a margin also controls post-rift basin ...
Jia Tao - - 2013
Our ability to control complex systems is a fundamental challenge of contemporary science. Recently introduced tools to identify the driver nodes, nodes through which we can achieve full control, predict the existence of multiple control configurations, prompting us to classify each node in a network based on their role in ...
Wang Ping - - 2013
To explore the association between 18 candidate genes encoding enzymes on the folate/homocysteine metabolism pathway and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) in Chinese populations. A total of 806 NSCL/P trios were drawn by an international consortium, which conducted a genome-wide association study using a case-parent trio ...
Liu Kuo - - 2013
To investigate the linkage and association between rs966221 (SNP 83) in PDE4D gene with stroke and related traits in ischemic stroke families. Ischemic stroke families including ischemic stroke patients and their siblings and/or parents were recruited. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to adjust for with-in family correlations and other ...
Qin Yu - - 2013
To further investigate the effects of silver ion (Ag+) dissolved from silver nanoparticles (AgNps) on gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) between HaCaT cells. In this study, 20 000×g of 1 g/L AgNps suspension were centrifuged at 4 °C for 2 h, then the supernatant was collected as Ag(+) stock solution ...
Cui Hao Sheng - - 2013
To explore the secular trends of cesarean delivery and cesarean delivery on maternal request(CDMR) among multiparous women who delivered a full-term singleton in Southern China during 1993-2005. The Perinatal Healthcare Surveillance System was established in 21 cities/ counties of 2 Chinese Southern provinces since 1993. A total of 191 058 ...
Cheng I-Fang - - 2013
Fluorescent labelling and chromogenic reactions that are commonly used in conventional immunoassays typically utilize diffusion dominated transport of analytes, which is limited by slow reaction rates and long detection times. By integrating alternating current (AC) electrokinetics and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), we construct an immunochip for rapid, sensitive, and label-free ...
Coutier Laurianne - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The measurement of specific airway resistance during tidal breathing (sRawtb ) has gained popularity in children, but methodological concerns have been raised regarding the electronic compensation for the thermal artifact. The panting method (sRawp ) is efficient in minimizing the latter, but may be associated with a change in ...
Vaezeafshar Reza - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic calcium hydroxyapatite injection in patients with patulous Eustachian tube. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Fourteen patients diagnosed with patulous Eustachian tube (PET) underwent endoscopic hydroxyapatite injection under general anesthesia. All patients had at least two of three major PET symptoms ...
Hoekman Peter K - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To report the utilization and cost effectiveness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the evaluation of patients with idiopathic olfactory loss. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients presenting with olfactory disorders at a university-based taste and smell center from July 1998 through ...
Te Beek Erik T - - 2013
Recent interest in NK1 receptor antagonists has focused on a potential role in the treatment of drug addiction and substance abuse. In the present study, the potential for interactions between the NK1 receptor antagonist aprepitant and alcohol, given as an infusion at a target level of 0.65 g/L, was evaluated. Amitriptyline ...
Catsburg Chelsea E - - 2013
N-Nitroso compounds (NOCs) have been proposed as possible bladder carcinogens. The main sources of exogenous exposure to NOCs are cigarette smoke and diet, particularly processed (i.e. nitrite-treated) meats. Perhaps more importantly, NOCs can be formed endogenously from dietary precursors such as nitrate, nitrite and amines. Heme has been shown to ...
Ardeshir Amir - - 2013
Idiopathic chronic diarrhea (ICD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among juvenile rhesus macaques. While lesions may be absent at colonoscopy, the histopathologic evaluation of the biopsy specimens is consistent with human macroscopic colitis (MC). In this study, we developed an isotropic uniform random sampling method to evaluate ...
Kaye Erica - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Parents' perceptions of the quality of information communicated by their child's oncologist about the child's cancer are not well understood. PROCEDURE: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 194 parents of children with cancer (response rate 70%), treated at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Mass, and ...
Sivrikaya Fatih - - 2013
Forest ecosystems have an important role in carbon cycle at both regional and global scales as an important carbon sink. Forest degradation and land cover changes, caused by deforestation and conversion to non-forest area, have a strong impact on carbon storage. The carbon storage of forest biomass and its changes ...
Laccourreye Ollivier - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To analyze local failure following lateral pharyngotomy for selected untreated invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lateral oropharynx. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review from a university teaching hospital. METHODS: Inception cohort of 91 patients who underwent lateral pharyngotomy for an isolated and previously untreated selected invasive carcinoma of the ...
Nau Sebastian - - 2013
Highly efficient and stable blue light emission is observed in novel copolymers that are produced from specially designed building blocks. A PEDOT:PSS-induced chemical degradation of the polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) is identified at the interface, and it is found to be accompanied by a shift in the emission color. A ...
Milla Luis A - - 2013
The canonical Sonic Hedgehog (Shh)/Gli pathway plays multiples roles during Central Nervous System (CNS) development. In order to elucidate the molecular repertoire of Shh mediators, we have recently described novel transcriptional targets in response to Shh pathway modulation. Among them, we were able to identify Neogenin1 (Neo1), a death dependence ...
Wason James M S - - 2013
In phase II cancer trials, tumour response is either the primary or an important secondary endpoint. Tumour response is a binary composite endpoint determined, according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, by (1) whether the percentage change in tumour size is greater than a prescribed threshold and (2) ...
Shek Yuen Lai - - 2013
Guanine-rich DNA sequences that may form G-quadruplexes are located in strategic DNA loci with the ability to regulate biological events. G-quadruplexes have been under intensive scrutiny owing to their potential to serve as novel drug targets in emerging anticancer strategies. Thermodynamic characterization G-quadruplexes is an important and necessary step in ...
Li Chang-Zhi - - 2013
Simple and solution-processible tetrabutyl-ammonium salts (TBAX) can dope fullerene and its derivatives to achieve conductive thin films (σ as high as 0.56 S/m). The electron transfer between the anions of TBAXs and n-type semiconductors induces doping without encountering any harsh activation. These provide valid support for the surfactant interfacial doping ...
Massimo Tanja - - 2013
PURPOSE: Allergic bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. For many years, the climate at moderate altitude has been used as an alternative therapy for patients suffering from bronchial asthma. The aim of such therapy is to reduce the medication dose and to improve the quality ...
Yoshizawa Shuichiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between each clinical diagnosis criterion for sleep bruxism (SB) and the frequency of jaw motor events during sleep. METHODS: Video-polysomnography was performed on 17 healthy adult subjects (mean age, 26.7 ± 2.8 years), with at least one of the following clinical signs and symptoms of SB: (1) a ...
Daniel Carolin - - 2013
Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) was first identified as a transcription factor which is activated upon T cell stimulation. Subsequent studies uncovered that a whole family of individual NFAT proteins exists with pleiotropic functions in immune- but also non-immune cells. However, dysregulation of NFAT thereby favours malignant growth ...
Mori Noriko - - 2013
High choline kinase-α (Chk-α) expression is frequently observed in cancer cells, making it a novel target for pharmacological and molecular inhibition. As inhibiting agents are delivered systemically, it is important to determine Chk-α expression levels in endothelial cells that line both normal and tumor vasculature, and the effect of Chk-α ...
Chapuy Claudia I - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical success and safety of endoscopic pharyngoesophageal dilation after chemoradiation or radiation for head and neck cancer and to identify variables associated with dilation failure. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2008, a total of 111 patients treated with chemoradiation or radiation ...
Okamoto Ryoko - - 2013
We have synthesized thirty-nine 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2 D3 ] analogs having 2 side-chains attached to carbon-20 (Gemini) with various modifications and compared their anticancer activities. Five structure-function rules emerged to identify analogs with enhanced anti-cancer activity. One of these active analogs, BXL-01-0126 was more potent than 1,25(OH)2 D3 in mediating ...
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