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Miles D M - - 2013
Ammonia (NH3) volatilized from broiler litter diminishes indoor air quality, which can potentially decrease bird productivity. Emissions of NH3 exhausted from broiler houses pose environmental concerns for ecosystem biodiversity, aquatic nutrient enrichment, and particulate formation in the atmosphere. Research was conducted sampling litter (rice hull base) in 3 tunnel-ventilated commercial ...
Estes Jacob D - - 2013
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is principally a disease of lymphoid tissues (LTs), due to the fact that the main target cell of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the CD4(+) T lymphocyte that primarily resides within organs of the immune system. The impact of HIV infection on secondary LTs, in particular ...
Mizukami Hiroki - - 2013
The risk of adverse effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors on the exocrine pancreas, particularly the high risk of pancreatitis, is controversial. In this study, we examined the exocrine pancreatic function and structure in spontaneously diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats treated with a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor. Male GK rats and normal Wistar ...
Willems E - - 2013
To examine the importance of albumen as a protein source during embryonic development on the posthatch performance of laying hens, 3 mL of the albumen was removed. At hatch, no difference in BW could be observed. Chicks from the albumen-deprived group had a lower residual yolk weight due to higher ...
Sonntag Barbara - - 2013
Abstract In this prospective study, we tested the hypothesis if E2 and P serum levels significantly differ during the luteal phase following in vitro-fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) therapy in conception (CC) versus non-conception (NC) cycles, and their potential in the prediction of pregnancy at the earliest point in time. Serum ...
Huang Hsu-Ching HC Department of Chest Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2013
Lung cancer with breast metastasis is rare. However, differentiating between primary breast cancer and metastatic lung adenocarcinoma is of clinical importance. The metastasis cascade of how cancer cells migrate from the primary lung tumor to the breast is not clear yet. Pathology and cytology databases were searched for patients diagnosed ...
Farahat M H - - 2013
Phytase was examined as a means to improve turkey performance in diets with high Cl by modifying dietary electrolyte balance. Nicholas turkey toms (10 poults/pen; 10 replicates per pen) were fed corn-soy-distillers dried grains with solubles-canola meal-based diets (DDGS/CM) with varying Cl (0.2, 0.3, 0.4, or 0.5%) and phytase (0 ...
Mascola John R JR Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA. - - 2013
The development of an effective vaccine has been hindered by the enormous diversity of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and its ability to escape a myriad of host immune responses. In addition, conserved vulnerable regions on the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein are often poorly immunogenic and elicit broadly neutralizing antibody responses (BNAbs) ...
Paiardini Mirko M Division of Microbiology and Immunology, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA. - - 2013
Systemic chronic immune activation is considered today as the driving force of CD4(+) T-cell depletion and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). A residual chronic immune activation persists even in HIV-infected patients in which viral replication is successfully inhibited by anti-retroviral therapy, with the extent of this residual immune activation being associated ...
Leensen Monique C J - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the most reported occupational health disease in the Netherlands. The internet-based speech-in-noise test Earcheck (Albrecht et al, 2005; Leensen et al, 2011b) is designed to detect beginning NIHL and can be a valuable tool in occupational hearing health surveillance. The aim of this ...
Fujisawa N - - 2013
A 1,000-fold difference has been reported in dioxin sensitivity between avian species. This difference is because the 2 amino acids in the type 1 aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR1), at positions 325 and 381, correspond to Leu324 and Ser380 in chickens. The chicken had been reported to be the only avian ...
Naas Hesham - - 2013
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of nisin in combination with different types of packaging on the survival of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat low-fat turkey bologna. Bologna was inoculated with L. monocytogenes exposed to 1 of 6 treatments: 3 packaging treatments (100% CO2, air, vacuum), ...
Narinc Dogan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic parameters of several breast meat quality traits and their genetic relationships with some slaughter traits [BW, breast yield (BRY), and abdominal fat yield (AFY)]. In total, 1,093 pedigreed quail were slaughtered at 35 d of age to measure BRY, AFY, ...
Liu Yang Y The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, - - 2013
Motoneuron death after spinal cord injury or disease results in muscle denervation, atrophy, and paralysis. We have previously transplanted embryonic ventral spinal cord cells into the peripheral nerve to reinnervate denervated muscles and to reduce muscle atrophy, but reinnervation was incomplete. Here, our aim was to determine whether brief electrical ...
Lyhs U - - 2013
Clostridium perfringens is an important bacterial pathogen, especially in poultry, where it can lead to both subclinical and clinical disease. The aim of this study was to present data on pathological findings at outbreaks of necrotic enteritis (NE) in turkey production in Finland during the period from 1998 to 2012. ...
Cotte Laurent - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of BMS-986001 (a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor) in treatment-experienced, HIV-1-infected subjects not exposed to antiretroviral treatment in the previous 3 months. METHODS:: Thirty-two HIV-1-infected subjects were randomized (3:1) to receive BMS-986001 or placebo once daily for 10 days in this ...
Rodrigues Eduardo Bolina - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Evaluate the uterus and ovary by ultrasonography, considering the genotype, pubertal development and hormonal levels. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study of 53 (7-53 years old) patients with Turner syndrome considering pubertal development by Tanner stage, puberty induced or not and the ultrasound examination. Results: The patients were 10 ...
Xu Huanbin H Tulane National Primate Research Center, Tulane University School of Medicine, Covington, LA 70433, - - 2013
Recent advances in the immunology, pathogenesis, and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection continue to reveal clues to the mechanisms involved in the progressive immunodeficiency attributed to infection, but more importantly have shed light on the correlates of immunity to infection and disease progression. HIV selectively infects, eliminates, and/or ...
Frikha M - - 2013
The effects of autoclaving 2 varieties of micronized (fine grinding) pea protein concentrate (PPC) on the ileal digestibility (ID) of CP and amino acids (AA) were studied in broilers. There was a control diet based on fermented soybean meal (FSBM) and 4 extra diets in which the FSBM was substituted ...
Taylor Elizabeth Johnston - - 2013
This secondary analysis of data from 200 practicing registered nurses' and student nurses' responses to 3 vignettes depicting patient spiritual distress were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively (using the Empathic Response Scale). Findings showed wide variation in these nurses' ability to respond empathically; while some responses would be healing, others were ...
Chang Christina C CC Department of Infectious Diseases, Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2013
Despite significant reductions in morbidity and mortality secondary to availability of effective combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection still accounts for 1.5 million deaths annually. The majority of deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa where rates of opportunistic co-infections are disproportionately high. In this review, we discuss the ...
Burdo Tricia H TH Department of Biology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, - - 2013
Neurological sequelae of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have been and remain a significant problem. Monocytes and macrophages in humans and monkeys are susceptible to infection by HIV and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and are considered to be a main mechanism by which the central nervous system (CNS) is infected. ...
Karaman Emre - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the use of a nonlinear mixed modeling approach to growth studies of Japanese quail. Weekly BW measurements of 89 female and 89 male quail were used in the study. A well-known logistic growth function was used in the analysis. The function was ...
Swaminathan Sanjay - - 2013
Our understanding of the complexity of gene regulation has significantly improved in the last decade as the role of small non-coding RNAs, called microRNAs (miRNAs), has been appreciated. These 19-22 nucleotide RNA molecules are critical regulators of mRNA translation and turnover. The miRNAs bind via a protein complex to the ...
Sahmani Mehdi - - 2013
Abstract Genetic factors have an important role in the pathophysiology of endometriosis. In addition, abnormalities in lipid profile and intrinsic inflammatory status are associated with disease progression. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the I405V polymorphism of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene and lipid ...
Wood Lianna F LF Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
The global spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is dependent on the ability of this virus to efficiently cross from one host to the next by traversing a mucosal membrane. Unraveling how mucosal exposure of HIV results in systemic infection is critical for the development of effective therapeutic strategies. This ...
Arbuckle Tye E - - 2013
The Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study was established to obtain Canadian biomonitoring data for pregnant women and their infants, and to examine potential adverse health effects of prenatal exposure to priority environmental chemicals on pregnancy and infant health. Women were recruited during the first trimester from 10 sites ...
Choi Y M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the DNA content and morphological characteristics of muscle fibers, and their relation to the growth performance in random bred control (RBC) and heavy weight (HW) Japanese quail lines. The 2 lines were of similar embryo size at 6 and 8 d of ...
Moir Susan - - 2013
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease is associated with dysregulation and dysfunction involving all major lymphocyte populations, including B cells. Such perturbations occur early in the course of infection and are driven in large part by immune activation resulting from ongoing HIV replication leading to bystander effects on B cells. While ...
Redford Melissa A - - 2013
The goals of the current study were (1) to assess differences in child and adult pausing, and (2) to determine whether characteristics of child and adult pausing can be explained by the same language variables. Spontaneous speech samples were obtained from ten 5-year-olds and their accompanying parent using a storytelling/retelling ...
Kulpa Deanna A - - 2013
A major challenge in the development of a cure for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been the incomplete understanding of the basic mechanisms underlying HIV persistence during antiretroviral therapy. It is now realized that the establishment of a latently infected reservoir refractory to immune system recognition has thus far hindered ...
Fraley S M - - 2013
The management and well-being of commercial Pekin ducks has been studied in the European Union where straw is the predominant litter source. In the United States, however, the most prevalent litter is wood shavings, with a recent trend toward using plastic slatted flooring. A previous study in the United States ...
Lee Jung-Yun - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of oral contraceptives (OCs) on cardiovascular risk factors according to the duration of use. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of reproductive-age women. Subjects were classified into three groups based on OC ...
Larsen Pernille Stemann PS Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen. - - 2013
During the past 25 years, many pregnancy and birth cohorts have been established. Each cohort provides unique opportunities for examining associations of early-life exposures with child development and health. However, to fully exploit the large amount of available resources and to facilitate cross-cohort collaboration, it is necessary to have accessible ...
Gehring C K - - 2013
The objective was to determine the effects of extractable salt-soluble protein content of corn (PS) and exogenous enzyme supplementation on N, starch, and energy digestibility in broilers fed diets adequate in Ca and nonphytate P. Broilers were randomly distributed into floor pens (6 replicate pens per treatment) with 28 birds ...
Teperman Lewis L Mary Lea Johnson Richards Organ Transplant Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2013
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and sirolimus (SRL) have been used for calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) minimization to reduce nephrotoxicity following liver transplantation. In this prospective, open-label, multicenter study, patients undergoing transplantation from July 2005 to June 2007 who were maintained on MMF/CNI were randomized 4 to 12 weeks after transplantation to receive ...
Lee Eun Sil - - 2013
Abstract Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency (OMIM #202110) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, which is caused by mutations of the CYP17A1 gene located on chromosome 10q24.3. It has been reported that the type of mutation of the CYP17A1 gene was associated with the extent of 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase ...
Okoye Afam A AA Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute and Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA. - - 2013
The hallmark of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) pathogenesis is a progressive depletion of CD4(+) T-cell populations in close association with progressive impairment of cellular immunity and increasing susceptibility to opportunistic infections (OI). Disease progression in untreated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can take many years, and it was originally hypothesized ...
Wray Naomi R NR Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, QBI Building, St Lucia, Queensland 4071, - - 2013
The success of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) has led to increasing interest in making predictions of complex trait phenotypes, including disease, from genotype data. Rigorous assessment of the value of predictors is crucial before implementation. Here we discuss some of the limitations and pitfalls of prediction analysis and show how ...
Tang Siuwah S Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 18- to 22-nucleotide-long, single-stranded, noncoding RNAs that regulate important biological processes including differentiation, proliferation, and response to cellular stressors such as hypoxia, nutrient depletion, and traversion of the cell cycle by controlling protein expression within the cell. Many investigators have profiled cancer tissue and serum miRNAs to ...
Wang Xing-Guo - - 2013
The microRNA-126 (miR-126) is a miRNA expressed in highly vascularized tissues, and it is believed to play a role in angiogenesis by repressing sprouty-related EVH1 domain containing 1 (Spred1). In the current study, we determined the expression pattern of chicken miR-126 (gga-miR-126) and predicted and validated its target genes. The ...
Mustafa Reem A - - 2013
Practices in vascular access management with intensive hemodialysis may differ from those used in conventional hemodialysis. We conducted a systematic review to inform clinical practice guidelines for the provision of intensive hemodialysis. Adult patients receiving maintenance (>3 months) intensive hemodialysis (frequent [≥5 hemodialysis treatments per week] and/or long [>5.5 hours ...
Uzum Ayse Kubat - - 2013
Abstract Thyroid cancer in ovarian teratoma is reported to be rare and experiences are limited. A 26-year-old woman had undergone bilateral cystectomy and omentectomy for bilateral cystic adnexial masses. Pathological examination showed 1.5 cm follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma on the basis of unilateral mature cystic teratoma. Increased CA-125 and CA19-9 ...
Zagouri Flora - - 2013
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death. Most patients present with an advanced stage of disease that has a dismal outcome, with a median survival of approximately 6 months. Evidently, there is a clear need for the development of new agents with novel mechanisms of action in ...
Liu Yijun - - 2013
Little is known regarding the diversification of relative low-abundance proteins in hen egg white that underlie the process of chicken embryonic development. The purpose of this study was to identify changes that may be involved in the development of chick embryos. Comparative proteomic analysis was conducive to revealing the potential ...
Kejner Alexandra E AE Department of Otolaryngology, University of Alabama-Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2013
To evaluate bone invasion, survival, and expression of bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) in oral cavity cancer in the context of known biomarkers indicative of poor prognosis. Molecular expression study combined with retrospective chart review of corresponding patients at a tertiary care center. Between 2000 and 2009, a total of 197 ...
van Leeuwen René - - 2013
AIM.: To select 2 appropriate spiritual assessment tools and evaluate these by involving oncology nurses. BACKGROUND.: Spirituality is recognized as an important domain of cancer care. At admission, integration of spiritual assessment seems necessary. It is unclear what kind of spiritual assessment method would be most preferable. DESIGN.: This study ...
Londero Ambrogio P - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: Our aim was to state the correlation between placental index and pregnancy outcomes or in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) pregnancies. Materials and methods: We included in this retrospective study all singleton births in a third level clinic during the period 2001-2011 (n = 18 386). We divided placental index into ...
Zdunczyk Z - - 2013
The aim of this study was to verify the hypothesis that moderate dilution of turkey diets with whole grain wheat (up to 22.5%) improves gastrointestinal function, thus contributing to sustained growth performance. A total of 900 male turkeys were allocated to 5 dietary treatments: basal diet (BD), BD diluted with ...
Nelson Peter T PT Sanders Brown Center on Aging, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2013
The APOE-ε4 allele correlates with increased risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) and increased parenchymal amyloid plaques. We tested how the APOE genotype correlated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) by analyzing 371 brains for parenchymal and meningeal CAA in 4 brain regions (frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital neocortex). The overall severity ...
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