Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 6787
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Wang C - - 2013
One approach for cost-effective implementation of genomic selection is to genotype training individuals with a high-density (HD) panel and selection candidates with an evenly spaced, low-density (ELD) panel. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which the ELD approach reduces the accuracy of genomic estimated breeding ...
Narinc Dogan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic parameters of several breast meat quality traits and their genetic relationships with some slaughter traits [BW, breast yield (BRY), and abdominal fat yield (AFY)]. In total, 1,093 pedigreed quail were slaughtered at 35 d of age to measure BRY, AFY, ...
Jin Sihua - - 2013
Growth and feeding traits such as BW, BW gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) are of economic importance in poultry production. In this study, 8 SNP of the transforming growth factor β3 (TGF-β3) gene, which are located in the proximity of quantitative trait loci affecting BW ...
Yin Guangwen - - 2013
The enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISPOT) assay is a sensitive and easy-to-use tool to quantify the number of interferon (IFN)-γ-producing cells and offers a viable alternative for the quantitative measurement of T cell functions in chickens. To study the development of cell-mediated immunity in Eimeria-infected chickens, we measured the number of ...
Shao Yujing - - 2013
This study investigated the protective effect of β-1,3/1,6-glucan on gut morphology, intestinal epithelial tight junctions, and bacterial translocation of broiler chickens challenged with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Ninety Salmonella-free Arbor Acre male broiler chickens were randomly divided into 3 groups: negative control group (NC), Salmonella Typhimurium-infected positive group (PC), and ...
Abd El-Wahab A - - 2013
Foot pad dermatitis (FPD) is a widespread problem in poultry production and constitutes a welfare issue. The objective of this study was to test potentially prophylactic effects of higher biotin and Zn levels in the diet of broilers exposed to critical litter moisture content (35% water) on the development of ...
Cha S-Y - - 2013
Egg drop syndrome virus (EDSV) is an important pathogen of poultry that decreases egg production in chickens and causes respiratory disease in goslings. In 2011, we obtained serum samples from 139 domestic Pekin ducks, 416 one-day-old Pekin ducklings, and 75 wild ducks (67 mallards and 8 pintails) to survey their ...
Zhang S J - - 2013
This experiment was conducted to study the digestibility of uncommon feedstuffs for geese. Thirty Taihu ganders were selected and divided into 5 groups (n = 6), and one group was allocated as the control. Taihu ganders in the 4 treated groups were force-fed with a weight of different uncommon feedstuffs ...
Karimi A - - 2013
A total of 735 one-day-old male broiler chicks were used to evaluate the interactions between different levels of phytase and xylanase enzymes on performance and bone mineralization. Basal nonphytate P (nPP)-deficient diets (0.15%) were supplemented with different levels of phytase [0X, 1X, 2X, 3X, and 4X of recommended level (X ...
Zhai Q H - - 2013
A total of five hundred forty 19-wk-old HyLine Brown hens were used to study the long-term effects of increasing choline with 0 (control), 425, 850, 1,700, 3,400, and 6,800 mg/kg of corn-soybean meal-based diets on productive performance and egg quality. Phase 1 was from 19 to 58 wk, and phase ...
Chen Xi - - 2013
The nutritional values of a novel reduced-oligosaccharide soybean meal (SBM-RO) and conventional SBM (SBM-CV) were evaluated and compared in 4 experiments. The first experiment was a TMEn assay with conventional roosters. The second experiment was a precision-fed cecectomized rooster assay that was conducted to determine TMEn and amino acid (AA) ...
Farahat M H - - 2013
Phytase was examined as a means to improve turkey performance in diets with high Cl by modifying dietary electrolyte balance. Nicholas turkey toms (10 poults/pen; 10 replicates per pen) were fed corn-soy-distillers dried grains with solubles-canola meal-based diets (DDGS/CM) with varying Cl (0.2, 0.3, 0.4, or 0.5%) and phytase (0 ...
Frikha M - - 2013
The effects of autoclaving 2 varieties of micronized (fine grinding) pea protein concentrate (PPC) on the ileal digestibility (ID) of CP and amino acids (AA) were studied in broilers. There was a control diet based on fermented soybean meal (FSBM) and 4 extra diets in which the FSBM was substituted ...
Gehring C K - - 2013
The objective was to determine the effects of extractable salt-soluble protein content of corn (PS) and exogenous enzyme supplementation on N, starch, and energy digestibility in broilers fed diets adequate in Ca and nonphytate P. Broilers were randomly distributed into floor pens (6 replicate pens per treatment) with 28 birds ...
Choi Y M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the DNA content and morphological characteristics of muscle fibers, and their relation to the growth performance in random bred control (RBC) and heavy weight (HW) Japanese quail lines. The 2 lines were of similar embryo size at 6 and 8 d of ...
Yu S L - - 2013
The CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β gene (C/EBPβ) is one of the key regulating factors of lipid metabolic balance in the liver. To better understand how C/EBPβ affects lipid accumulation in the Landes goose liver, its DNA was cloned. The goose C/EBPβ DNA sequence (2,075 bp) contains a 984-bp open reading frame ...
Willems E - - 2013
To examine the importance of albumen as a protein source during embryonic development on the posthatch performance of laying hens, 3 mL of the albumen was removed. At hatch, no difference in BW could be observed. Chicks from the albumen-deprived group had a lower residual yolk weight due to higher ...
Silversides F G - - 2013
Avian genetic resources have declined dramatically over the past half century, partly because the poultry community has been slow to adopt cryoconservation of avian germplasm. Techniques for gonadal cryopreservation and functional recovery have recently been developed but only some have been optimized. Chicks were castrated at 2 or 6 d ...
Fujisawa N - - 2013
A 1,000-fold difference has been reported in dioxin sensitivity between avian species. This difference is because the 2 amino acids in the type 1 aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR1), at positions 325 and 381, correspond to Leu324 and Ser380 in chickens. The chicken had been reported to be the only avian ...
Fabrizio Cecilia S - - 2013
There is a dearth of high-level evidence for brief programs designed to promote positive parent-child relationships in nonwestern cultures. We present a pilot randomized controlled trial of a four-session intervention to enhance the parenting skills that promote a positive relationship with pre-adolescent children in Hong Kong. Our intervention, Harmony@Home, utilized ...
Cotte Laurent - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of BMS-986001 (a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor) in treatment-experienced, HIV-1-infected subjects not exposed to antiretroviral treatment in the previous 3 months. METHODS:: Thirty-two HIV-1-infected subjects were randomized (3:1) to receive BMS-986001 or placebo once daily for 10 days in this ...
van Geenen Erwin-Jan M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Several randomized controlled trials studied the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) in acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). No study assessed whether these trials resulted in international consensus in published meta-analyses and treatment guidelines. METHODS: A systematic review, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic ...
Engels Paul T - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To 1) review the existing evidence for early mobilization of the critically ill patients in the ICU with polytrauma; 2) provide intensivists with an introduction to the biomechanics, physiology, and nomenclature of injuries; 3) summarize the evidence for early mobilization in each anatomic area; and 4) provide recommendations for ...
Redford Melissa A - - 2013
The goals of the current study were (1) to assess differences in child and adult pausing, and (2) to determine whether characteristics of child and adult pausing can be explained by the same language variables. Spontaneous speech samples were obtained from ten 5-year-olds and their accompanying parent using a storytelling/retelling ...
Avila K A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Mucoceles are cystic lesions, resulting from an obstruction in the paranasal sinuses and an accumulation of mucus, causing enlargement of the affected paranasal sinus. The signs and symptoms depend on the affected sinus. Treatment consists of surgical resection. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical presentation ...
Sender M J - - 2013
OBJETIVE: To screen for eye disease in diabetic patients by performing only an eye fundus examination with non-mydriatic retinography, or a more extensive ophthalmological examination including visual acuity (VA) and ocular tonometry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Design: A cross-sectional multicentre study with cohort comparison. Subjects: Diabetic patients who attended 6 Primary ...
Niho Seiji - - 2013
INTRODUCTION:: We conducted a phase II study of combination chemotherapy with irinotecan (CPT) and cisplatin (CDDP) in patients with advanced large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the lung. METHODS:: Patients received irinotecan (60 mg/m, days 1, 8, and 15) and cisplatin (60 mg/m, day 1) every 4 weeks for up to ...
Kulpa Deanna A - - 2013
A major challenge in the development of a cure for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been the incomplete understanding of the basic mechanisms underlying HIV persistence during antiretroviral therapy. It is now realized that the establishment of a latently infected reservoir refractory to immune system recognition has thus far hindered ...
Charlesworth Amanda - - 2013
Poly(A) tail elongation after export of an messenger RNA (mRNA) to the cytoplasm is called cytoplasmic polyadenylation. It was first discovered in oocytes and embryos, where it has roles in meiosis and development. In recent years, however, has been implicated in many other processes, including synaptic plasticity and mitosis. This ...
Liu Yang - - 2013
Motoneuron death after spinal cord injury or disease results in muscle denervation, atrophy, and paralysis. We have previously transplanted embryonic ventral spinal cord cells into the peripheral nerve to reinnervate denervated muscles and to reduce muscle atrophy, but reinnervation was incomplete. Here, our aim was to determine whether brief electrical ...
Huang Hsu-Ching HC Department of Chest Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2013
Lung cancer with breast metastasis is rare. However, differentiating between primary breast cancer and metastatic lung adenocarcinoma is of clinical importance. The metastasis cascade of how cancer cells migrate from the primary lung tumor to the breast is not clear yet. Pathology and cytology databases were searched for patients diagnosed ...
Stephenson Kathryn E KE Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, - - 2013
A global human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) vaccine will have to elicit immune responses capable of providing protection against a tremendous diversity of HIV-1 variants. In this review, we first describe the current state of the HIV-1 vaccine field, outlining the immune responses that are desired in a global HIV-1 vaccine. ...
Larsen Pernille Stemann PS Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen. - - 2013
During the past 25 years, many pregnancy and birth cohorts have been established. Each cohort provides unique opportunities for examining associations of early-life exposures with child development and health. However, to fully exploit the large amount of available resources and to facilitate cross-cohort collaboration, it is necessary to have accessible ...
Paiardini Mirko M Division of Microbiology and Immunology, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA. - - 2013
Systemic chronic immune activation is considered today as the driving force of CD4(+) T-cell depletion and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). A residual chronic immune activation persists even in HIV-infected patients in which viral replication is successfully inhibited by anti-retroviral therapy, with the extent of this residual immune activation being associated ...
Mascola John R JR Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA. - - 2013
The development of an effective vaccine has been hindered by the enormous diversity of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and its ability to escape a myriad of host immune responses. In addition, conserved vulnerable regions on the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein are often poorly immunogenic and elicit broadly neutralizing antibody responses (BNAbs) ...
Nelson Peter T PT Sanders Brown Center on Aging, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2013
The APOE-ε4 allele correlates with increased risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) and increased parenchymal amyloid plaques. We tested how the APOE genotype correlated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) by analyzing 371 brains for parenchymal and meningeal CAA in 4 brain regions (frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital neocortex). The overall severity ...
Wray Naomi R NR Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, QBI Building, St Lucia, Queensland 4071, - - 2013
The success of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) has led to increasing interest in making predictions of complex trait phenotypes, including disease, from genotype data. Rigorous assessment of the value of predictors is crucial before implementation. Here we discuss some of the limitations and pitfalls of prediction analysis and show how ...
Fan Wei W Center of Reproductive Medicine, The West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. - - 2013
Human sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a specific plasma transport glycoprotein for sex steroid hormones, and serum SHBG levels were decreased in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. To clarify the conflicting data in the literature concerning the association between PCOS and the (TAAAA)n SHBG polymorphism, and influence of the (TAAAA)n ...
Hunter Gary R GR Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294-1250, USA. - - 2013
To examine the effects of three different frequencies of combined resistance and aerobic training on total energy expenditure (TEE) and activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) in a group of older adults. Seventy-two women, 60-74 yr old, were randomly assigned to one of three groups: 1 d · wk(-1) of aerobic training ...
Akabayov Sabine R SR Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2013
Enzymatic reactions occur in a crowded and confined environment in vivo, containing proteins, RNA and DNA. Previous reports have shown that interactions between macromolecules, and reactions rates differ significantly between crowded environments and dilute buffers. However, the direct effect of crowding on the level of high-resolution structures of macromolecules has ...
Sharpe Benjamin - - 2013
The cancer stem cell hypothesis postulates that a single stem-like cancer cell is able to produce all cancer cell types found in a tumor. These cells are also thought to be the causative agents of relapse following therapy. In order to confirm the importance of cancer stem cells in tumor ...
Turksen Kursad - - 2013
There is worldwide demand for therapies to promote the robust repair and regeneration with maximum regain of function of particular tissues and organs damaged by disease or injury. The potential role of adult stem cells has been highlighted by an increasing number of in vitro and in vivo studies. Nowhere ...
Miyayama Shiro - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare technical success and local recurrence rates of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with/without monitoring of embolized areas using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: A total of 207 HCCs ≤6 cm were treated with superselective TACE using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) alone ...
Nuijsink Marianne - - 2013
Traditionally, symptoms are important patient-oriented outcomes in asthma treatment, and assessment of symptoms is an essential component of assessing asthma control. However, variable airways obstruction, airways hyperresponsiveness and chronic inflammation are key components of the asthma syndrome, and correlations among these hallmarks and symptoms are weak or even absent. Therefore, ...
Zhi De Juan - - 2013
Although realgar bioleaching solution (RBS) has been proved to be a potential candidate for cancer therapy, the mechanisms of RBS anticancer are still far from being completely understood. Dosed with RBS in C. elegans, the multivulva phenotype resulting from oncogenic ras gain-of-function was inhibited in a dose dependent manner. It ...
Caire François - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The dorso-lateral part of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is considered as the usual target of deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Nevertheless, the exact anatomical location of the electrode contacts used for chronic stimulation is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to perform a ...
Sakas D E - - 2013
The present Training Charter in Epilepsy Surgery Added Competence constitutes the third stage of a program initiated by the European Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery (ESSFN) and substantiated in close collaboration with the Union Européennedes Médecins Spécialists (UEMS) and the European Association of Neurosurgical Societies (EANS). This program aims ...
Zugno Alexandra I - - 2013
Schizophrenia is one of the most disabling mental disorders that affects up to 1 % of the population worldwide. Although the causes of this disorder remain unknown, it has been extensively characterized by a broad range of emotional, ideational and cognitive impairments. Studies indicate that schizophrenia affects neurotransmitters such as dopamine, ...
Christl Bettina - - 2013
This study aims to investigate the (1) pattern of psychosocial risk factors among mothers of unsettled infants, (2) the relationship between these risk factors and current mental health status and (3) acceptability of psychosocial risk assessment in the parentcraft setting. Women with unsettled infants aged up to 12 months were assessed ...
Alnawaiseh M - - 2013
A 75-year-old man (not a contact lens wearer) presented with Fusarium-associated hypopyon keratitis. After several weeks of empirical and subsequently targeted antimycotic treatment, no considerable improvement was observed. However, after sclerokeratoplasty (11.2 × 11.2 mm) combined with prolonged antimycotic therapy a good local result with relapse-free long-term follow-up was achieved.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >