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Klatt Nichole R NR Department of Pharmaceutics, Washington National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
Despite complete or near-complete suppression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication with combination antiretroviral therapy, both HIV and chronic inflammation/immune dysfunction persist indefinitely. Untangling the association between the virus and the host immune environment during therapy might lead to novel interventions aimed at either curing the infection or preventing the ...
Dunnington E A - - 2013
A long-term selection experiment for high (HWS) and low (LWS) BW at 8 wk of age (BW8) was conducted in White Plymouth Rock chickens. Over 54 generations of selection, responses to bidirectional selection were profound. Increase in BW8 in line HWS was linear, and there was a significant quadratic response ...
Castellano Brian M BM Department of Chemistry, San José State University, San José, CA 95192-0101, - - 2013
This study introduces a new thermodynamic framework for aqueous reaction equilibria that treats water as a coreactant in the development of a general binding equation. The approach features an explicit consideration for the change in hydration that occurs when two solvated surfaces come into contact. As an outcome of this ...
Wu Junfang J Department of Anesthesiology & Center for Shock, Trauma and Anesthesiology Research, National Study Center for Trauma and EMS, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Bressler Research Building, 655 W. Baltimore Street, Room #6-009, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. - - 2013
Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes not only sensorimotor and cognitive deficits, but frequently also severe chronic pain that is difficult to treat (SCI pain). We previously showed that hyperesthesia, as well as spontaneous pain induced by electrolytic lesions in the rat spinothalamic tract, is associated with increased spontaneous and sensory-evoked ...
Martin Maureen P MP Cancer and Inflammation Program, Laboratory of Experimental Immunology, SAIC-Frederick, Inc., NCI-Frederick, Frederick, MD, - - 2013
Host genetic factors are a major contributing factor to the inter-individual variation observed in response to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and are linked to resistance to HIV infection among exposed individuals, as well as rate of disease progression and the likelihood of viral transmission. Of the genetic variants that ...
Reyna-Flores Fernando - - 2013
Escherichia coli is a common uropathogen causing community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). Out of 4735 E. coli community-acquired UTIs, 10.2% were extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-producing. The identified ESBL types were CTX-M-15 (96.4%), SHV-2a (3%), and TLA-1 (1%). Of the isolates, 94.6% tested positive for plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes (aac(6')-lb-cr ...
Voslarova E - - 2013
The physiological changes in response to beak trimming and spectacle usage as antipecking measures were monitored in 10-mo-old common pheasants (Phasianus colchicus). Short-term analysis conducted before the beginning of the laying period showed immediate increases of plasma corticosterone (P < 0.05) and lactate dehydrogenase (P < 0.001) concentrations and decrease ...
Tirgari Batool - - 2013
Spiritual care is an essential component in nursing practice and strongly influenced by the sociocultural context. This article aimed to elucidate the meaning of nurses' experiences of giving spiritual care in southeast of Iran. A phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used. Eleven staff nurses who were currently working ...
González-Fandos E - - 2013
This work evaluated the effect of malic acid washing on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes on poultry legs stored at 4°C for 8 d. Fresh inoculated chicken legs were dipped into a 1 or 2% malic acid solution (vol/vol) for 5 min or distilled water (control). Surface pH values, sensorial ...
DurmuĊŸ Serpil Celik - - 2013
This study aimed to determine nurses' tendency toward medical errors and identify the types of medical errors made. This article examined medical error trends of nurses with a survey. It is recommended that medical errors be recorded, various training activities be offered, and standards regarding nursing care and patient safety ...
Tobin Nicole H NH Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
Most infants born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women escape HIV infection. Infants evade infection despite an immature immune system and, in the case of breastfeeding, prolonged repetitive exposure. If infants become infected, the course of their infection and response to treatment differs dramatically depending upon the timing (in utero, ...
Kilburn Duncan D T. C. Jenkins Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, - - 2013
Biological macromolecules have evolved to fold and operate in the crowded environment of the cell. We have shown previously that molecular crowding stabilizes folded RNA structures. Here we report SAXS measurements on a 64 kDa bacterial group I ribozyme in the presence of mono- and divalent ions and PEG crowders ...
Fan Wei W Center of Reproductive Medicine, The West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. - - 2013
Human sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a specific plasma transport glycoprotein for sex steroid hormones, and serum SHBG levels were decreased in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. To clarify the conflicting data in the literature concerning the association between PCOS and the (TAAAA)n SHBG polymorphism, and influence of the (TAAAA)n ...
Wilson Eleanor M P EM HIV Pathogenesis Unit, Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID/NIH, Bethesda, MD, - - 2013
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a life-saving intervention in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Immune restoration after ART dramatically reduces the incidence and severity of opportunistic diseases and death. On some occasions, immune restoration may be erratic, leading to acute inflammatory responses (known as immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome) shortly after ART ...
Jin Sihua - - 2013
Growth and feeding traits such as BW, BW gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) are of economic importance in poultry production. In this study, 8 SNP of the transforming growth factor β3 (TGF-β3) gene, which are located in the proximity of quantitative trait loci affecting BW ...
Coates Daniel R DR Vision Science Graduate Program, and School of Optometry, University of California-Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. - - 2013
Acuity measurement is a fundamental method to assess visual performance in the clinic. Little is known about how acuity measured in the presence of neighboring letters, as in the case of letter charts, changes with contrast and with nonfoveal viewing. This information is crucial for acuity measurement using low-contrast charts ...
Kedem Alon A IVF Unit and Reproduction Lab, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. - - 2013
To prospectively study the AMH expression and secretion pattern in mural granulosa cells (GCs) and follicular fluid (FF) from small follicles and medium follicles that were collected from normo-ovulatory (NO) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients undergoing in vitro maturation (IVM) treatments. FF AMH levels and mRNA expression of mural ...
Yin Guangwen - - 2013
The enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISPOT) assay is a sensitive and easy-to-use tool to quantify the number of interferon (IFN)-γ-producing cells and offers a viable alternative for the quantitative measurement of T cell functions in chickens. To study the development of cell-mediated immunity in Eimeria-infected chickens, we measured the number of ...
Warshak Carri R CR Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH 45267-0526, - - 2013
We hypothesise that the rate of stillbirth is increased in mothers younger than 18 years of age compared to adult mothers, and that obesity further increases the risk of stillbirth in this population. We conducted a population-based cohort study comparing rates of stillbirth between adolescent, defined as young women under ...
Zhang S J - - 2013
This experiment was conducted to study the digestibility of uncommon feedstuffs for geese. Thirty Taihu ganders were selected and divided into 5 groups (n = 6), and one group was allocated as the control. Taihu ganders in the 4 treated groups were force-fed with a weight of different uncommon feedstuffs ...
Marik Paul E PE Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USA. - - 2013
Despite a previous meta-analysis that concluded that central venous pressure should not be used to make clinical decisions regarding fluid management, central venous pressure continues to be recommended for this purpose. To perform an updated meta-analysis incorporating recent studies that investigated indices predictive of fluid responsiveness. A priori subgroup analysis ...
Cha S-Y - - 2013
Egg drop syndrome virus (EDSV) is an important pathogen of poultry that decreases egg production in chickens and causes respiratory disease in goslings. In 2011, we obtained serum samples from 139 domestic Pekin ducks, 416 one-day-old Pekin ducklings, and 75 wild ducks (67 mallards and 8 pintails) to survey their ...
Engels Paul T - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To 1) review the existing evidence for early mobilization of the critically ill patients in the ICU with polytrauma; 2) provide intensivists with an introduction to the biomechanics, physiology, and nomenclature of injuries; 3) summarize the evidence for early mobilization in each anatomic area; and 4) provide recommendations for ...
Graham Laura A - - 2013
Spasticity is common after stroke and other neurological conditions and causes considerable limitations of movement, activities of daily living and participation. Interaction with other components of the upper motor neurone syndrome (UMNS) and the heterogeneity of patients' presentations together with limited tools for outcome measurement have hampered the production of ...
Silva Serena - - 2013
: A 15-second end-expiratory occlusion increases cardiac preload and allows detection of preload dependence. We tested whether the reliability of this test depends upon positive end-expiratory pressure. : Prospective study. : Medical ICU. : Thirty-four patients presenting with acute circulatory failure and acute respiratory distress syndrome ventilated with a tidal ...
Carcelain Guislaine - - 2013
Immune-based therapy (IBT) interventions have found a window of opportunity within some limitations of the otherwise successful combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). Two major paradigms drove immunotherapeutic research to combat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. First, IBTs were proposed either to help restore CD4(+) T-cell counts in cases of therapeutic failures ...
Shao Yujing - - 2013
This study investigated the protective effect of β-1,3/1,6-glucan on gut morphology, intestinal epithelial tight junctions, and bacterial translocation of broiler chickens challenged with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Ninety Salmonella-free Arbor Acre male broiler chickens were randomly divided into 3 groups: negative control group (NC), Salmonella Typhimurium-infected positive group (PC), and ...
Zhai Q H - - 2013
A total of five hundred forty 19-wk-old HyLine Brown hens were used to study the long-term effects of increasing choline with 0 (control), 425, 850, 1,700, 3,400, and 6,800 mg/kg of corn-soybean meal-based diets on productive performance and egg quality. Phase 1 was from 19 to 58 wk, and phase ...
van Geenen Erwin-Jan M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Several randomized controlled trials studied the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) in acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). No study assessed whether these trials resulted in international consensus in published meta-analyses and treatment guidelines. METHODS: A systematic review, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic ...
Wang C - - 2013
One approach for cost-effective implementation of genomic selection is to genotype training individuals with a high-density (HD) panel and selection candidates with an evenly spaced, low-density (ELD) panel. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which the ELD approach reduces the accuracy of genomic estimated breeding ...
Miller Elizabeth - - 2013
Dendritic cells (DCs) are a diverse subset of innate immune cells that are key regulators of the host response to human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection. HIV-1 directly and indirectly modulates DC function to hinder the formation of effective antiviral immunity and fuel immune activation. This review focuses upon the differential ...
Hunter Gary R GR Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294-1250, USA. - - 2013
To examine the effects of three different frequencies of combined resistance and aerobic training on total energy expenditure (TEE) and activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) in a group of older adults. Seventy-two women, 60-74 yr old, were randomly assigned to one of three groups: 1 d · wk(-1) of aerobic training ...
Avila K A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Mucoceles are cystic lesions, resulting from an obstruction in the paranasal sinuses and an accumulation of mucus, causing enlargement of the affected paranasal sinus. The signs and symptoms depend on the affected sinus. Treatment consists of surgical resection. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical presentation ...
Outland Lauren - - 2013
Disrupting homeostasis has negative health outcomes, yet disruption routinely occurs with weight homeostasis. This cross-sectional study of nurses found a majority overriding hunger and fullness cues due to situational, dieting, and emotional reasons. Because either splurging or starving can lead to excess weight, preventing homeostasis disruption through intuitive eating is ...
Demers Korey R KR Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
A detailed understanding of the immune response to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is needed to inform prevention and therapeutic strategies that aim to contain the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic. The cellular immune response plays a critical role in controlling viral replication during HIV infection and will likely need ...
Loeffler T - - 2013
To determine the ME and amino acid digestibility of 5 soybean meal (SBM) samples, a precision-fed rooster assay and a chick assay were conducted. The 5 samples were cold-pressed (extruded) soybean meals or solvent-extracted (defatted) soybean meal. Of the cold-pressed varieties (unheated), there was an ultra-low trypsin SBM, a low-trypsin ...
Niho Seiji - - 2013
INTRODUCTION:: We conducted a phase II study of combination chemotherapy with irinotecan (CPT) and cisplatin (CDDP) in patients with advanced large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the lung. METHODS:: Patients received irinotecan (60 mg/m, days 1, 8, and 15) and cisplatin (60 mg/m, day 1) every 4 weeks for up to ...
Hignett Sue - - 2013
Background: a previous analysis of 12 months data from the National Reporting and Learning System offered useful insights on contributory factors for patient falls but was limited due to the small data set of free-text analysis (n = 400). A subsequent pilot study of 4,571 reports found an apparent difference ...
Warnecke Tobias - - 2013
: Decisions regarding tracheostomy tube removal after mechanical ventilation often depend on the physician's individual experience because evidence-based practice guidelines are still scarce, especially for critically ill neurologic patients. In these patients, the prevalence of aspiration is high and regarded as an important contributor to decannulation failure. The presence of ...
Koshy Aby Kottal - - 2013
Abstract Although serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is considered a good predictor of ovarian response during in vitro fertilisation (IVF), pregnancies have been reported with low values, questioning its usefulness as a predictor of treatment outcome. A retrospective study was therefore carried out to assess the IVF treatment outcomes in women ...
Abd El-Wahab A - - 2013
Foot pad dermatitis (FPD) is a widespread problem in poultry production and constitutes a welfare issue. The objective of this study was to test potentially prophylactic effects of higher biotin and Zn levels in the diet of broilers exposed to critical litter moisture content (35% water) on the development of ...
Stergioti E - - 2013
Abstract Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that is associated with decreased bone mineral density and greater lifetime risk for fractures. This case-controlled study, analyzed single nucleotide polymorphisms of genes encoding vitamin D receptor, estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1), collagen type I and calcitonin receptor (CTR). Relationships between genotype and ...
Elkon Ran - - 2013
The 3' end of most protein-coding genes and long non-coding RNAs is cleaved and polyadenylated. Recent discoveries have revealed that a large proportion of these genes contains more than one polyadenylation site. Therefore, alternative polyadenylation (APA) is a widespread phenomenon, generating mRNAs with alternative 3' ends. APA contributes to the ...
Yu S L - - 2013
The CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β gene (C/EBPβ) is one of the key regulating factors of lipid metabolic balance in the liver. To better understand how C/EBPβ affects lipid accumulation in the Landes goose liver, its DNA was cloned. The goose C/EBPβ DNA sequence (2,075 bp) contains a 984-bp open reading frame ...
Charlesworth Amanda - - 2013
Poly(A) tail elongation after export of an messenger RNA (mRNA) to the cytoplasm is called cytoplasmic polyadenylation. It was first discovered in oocytes and embryos, where it has roles in meiosis and development. In recent years, however, has been implicated in many other processes, including synaptic plasticity and mitosis. This ...
Fabrizio Cecilia S - - 2013
There is a dearth of high-level evidence for brief programs designed to promote positive parent-child relationships in nonwestern cultures. We present a pilot randomized controlled trial of a four-session intervention to enhance the parenting skills that promote a positive relationship with pre-adolescent children in Hong Kong. Our intervention, Harmony@Home, utilized ...
Mohamed Ismail Nor Azlin - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This was to determine HOMA-IR score as well as to assess its association in fetal and maternal outcomes among pregnant women with diabetes risks. Methods: A prospective cohort study of pregnant women with diabetes risks was done. GDM was diagnosed using modified glucose tolerance test. Serum insulin was ...
Chen Xi - - 2013
The nutritional values of a novel reduced-oligosaccharide soybean meal (SBM-RO) and conventional SBM (SBM-CV) were evaluated and compared in 4 experiments. The first experiment was a TMEn assay with conventional roosters. The second experiment was a precision-fed cecectomized rooster assay that was conducted to determine TMEn and amino acid (AA) ...
Wade Rolin L - - 2013
Nephrotoxicity evaluations between liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) and amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) have provided mixed results. This retrospective study used an electronic medical record database of hospitalized patients with invasive fungal infections treated with either L-AMB or ABLC. Patients had renal insufficiency, clinical condition suggesting intolerance to amphotericin B ...
Stephenson Kathryn E KE Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, - - 2013
A global human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) vaccine will have to elicit immune responses capable of providing protection against a tremendous diversity of HIV-1 variants. In this review, we first describe the current state of the HIV-1 vaccine field, outlining the immune responses that are desired in a global HIV-1 vaccine. ...
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