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Sridhar Ashwin N - - 2013
Robotic prostatectomy is a common surgical treatment for men with prostate cancer, with some studies estimating that 80% of prostatectomies now performed in the USA are done so robotically. Despite the technical advantages offered by robotic systems, functional and oncological outcomes of prostatectomy can still be improved further. Alternative minimally ...
Cook Robert G - - 2013
The understanding of functional relations between action and consequence is a critical component of intelligence. To examine this linkage in pigeons, we investigated their understanding of the relations of the elements tested in an extension of Köhler's box stacking task to this species. In the experiments, the pigeons had to ...
Beran Michael J - - 2013
Self-control has been studied in nonhuman animals using a variety of tasks. The inter-temporal choice (ITC) task presents choices between smaller-sooner (SS) and larger-later (LL) options. Using food amounts as rewards, this presents two problems: (a) choices of the LL option could either reflect self-control or instead result from animals' ...
Buján Nuria - - 2013
Primary coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiencies are associated with mutations in genes encoding enzymes important for its biosynthesis and patients are responsive to CoQ10 supplementation. Early treatment allows better prognosis of the disease and therefore, early diagnosis is desirable. The complex phenotype and genotype and the frequent secondary CoQ10 deficiencies make ...
Pearse Ian S - - 2013
Leaf phenology is important to herbivores, but the timing and extent of leaf drop has not played an important role in our understanding of herbivore interactions with deciduous plants. Using phylogenetic general least squares regression, we compared the phenology of leaves of 55 oak species in a common garden with ...
Ciccacci Cinzia - - 2013
PURPOSE: Nevirapine (NVP) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, widely prescribed for type 1 human immunodeficiency virus infection. A small proportion of individuals treated with NVP experience severe cutaneous adverse events, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Our aim was to verify whether genetic variability in NVP-metabolizing ...
Robertson Jamie - - 2013
Dyslipidaemia is commonly observed in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with lower total cholesterol levels as well as lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reported in these patients than in individuals without RA. This pattern is mirrored in sepsis and other inflammatory states, ...
Proença Maria C - - 2013
A fully automatic approach to locate polyomavirus particles in transmission electron microscopy images is presented that can localize intact particles, many damaged capsids, and an acceptable percentage of superposed ones. Performance of the approach is quantified in 25 electron micrographs containing nearly 390 particles and compared with the interpretation of ...
Hansen Per-Anders - - 2013
Ln2O3 thin films with optically active f-electrons (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) have been grown on Si(100) and soda lime glass substrates by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using Ln(thd)3 (Hthd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione) and ozone as precursors. The temperature range for depositions was 200-400 ...
Asaoka Daisuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the eradication rate of first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), amoxicillin (AMPC) and clarithromycin (CAM) has been decreasing because of a high prevalence of CAM resistance. A possible decrease of the eradication rate for second-line therapy with a PPI, AMPC and ...
Siyad M A - - 2013
The present paper describes the synthesis, characterization and assessment of a novel class of insoluble polymeric polystyrene supports which combines polar poly(ethylene glycol)dimethacrylate as a cross-linker and poly(ethylene glycol) grafted poly(N,N-bisethylamine) as a dendritic template. Poly(N,N-bisethylamine) dendrimers were generated by a series of reactions such as Schiff base integration, acidolysis, ...
Huo Xing-Xing - - 2013
As one of food-borne parasitic diseases, toxoplasmosis entails the risk of developing reactivation in immunocompromised patients. The synthetic dipeptide pidotimod is a potent immunostimulating agent that improves the immunodefenses in immunodepression. To investigate the efficacy of pidotimod as a preventive treatment, we used a murine model of reactivated toxoplasmosis with ...
Betti R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Poromas are benign adnexal tumours generally believed to be of eccrine origin, which usually develop on palmoplantar sites. However, it is thought that a percentage of poromas develop on non-palmoplantar or 'unusual' sites. AIM: To review cases of poromas with reference to their clinicoepidemiological characteristics, paying particular attention to ...
Li Min - - 2013
An improved online two-dimensional liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2D LC-QToF MS) system was developed for the lipid profiling of human plasma, in which different lipid classes were separated by the first dimensional normal-phase (NP) LC and different lipid molecular species were separated by the second dimensional reversed-phase (RP) LC. ...
Beloglazova N V - - 2013
A quantitative fluorescence-labeled immunosorbent assay and qualitative on-site column tests were developed for the determination of aflatoxin M1 in milk products. The use of liposomes loaded with quantum dots as a label significantly increased the assay sensitivity by encapsulating multiple quantum dots in a single liposome and, therefore, amplifying the ...
Cuers Julia - - 2013
Three hydroxypropyl methylcellulose samples (HPMC1-3, DSMe = 1.45, 1.29, and 1.36; MSHP = 0.28, 0.46, and 0.84) were analyzed with respect to their methyl and hydroxypropyl substitution pattern in the polymer chains. Ionization yield of HPMC oligomers in electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry (ESI-IT-MS) is strongly influenced by the hydroxypropyl pattern. Therefore, a ...
Mayhew Caitlin E - - 2013
Early recognition of pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is crucial for optimizing clinical outcomes. Our goal was to characterize radiographic patterns specific to pediatric patients with PVS to facilitate early detection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pediatric patients with multivessel (≥2) intraluminal PVS were identified from a single-center registry. Initial chest radiographs were ...
Zhan Jie - - 2013
In this work, molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) particles were synthesized using a semicovalent method based on a specific thermally reversible bond, and these particles were used for the rapid detection of the azo dye acid orange II. The imprinted polymers-which were prepared via the covalent reaction of 3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl isocyanate with ...
Suh Jung Hee - - 2013
The glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is the central, non-cellular layer of the glomerular filtration barrier that is situated between the two cellular components-fenestrated endothelial cells and interdigitated podocyte foot processes. The GBM is composed primarily of four types of extracellular matrix macromolecule-laminin-521, type IV collagen α3α4α5, the heparan sulphate proteoglycan ...
Hwang Yongyun - - 2013
Organelles such as endosomes and the Golgi apparatus play a critical role in regulating signal transmission to the nucleus. Recent experiments have shown that appropriate positioning of these organelles within the intracellular space is critical for effective signal regulation. To understand the mechanism behind this observation, we consider a reaction-diffusion ...
Shen Xiao-Min - - 2013
A series of novel silicon(iv) phthalocyanines conjugated axially with different nucleoside moieties (uridine, 5-methyluridine, cytidine, and 5-N-cytidine derivatives) have been synthesized and evaluated for their photodynamic activities. The uridine-containing compound exhibits the highest photocytotoxicity against HepG2 human hepatocarcinoma cells with an IC50 value as low as 6 nM, which can ...
Neumann William L - - 2013
Autoimmune gastritis is a chronic progressive inflammatory condition that results in the replacement of the parietal cell mass by atrophic and metaplastic mucosa. A complex interaction of autoantibodies against the parietal cell proton pump and sensitized T cells progressively destroy the parietal cells, inducing hypochlorhydria and then achlorhydria, while autoantibodies ...
Zhang Xiao-Ping - - 2013
The first luminescent Bi-Cd-organic framework, Bi2Cd(2,6-pdc)4(H2O)2·H2O (2,6-H2pdc = pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate), has been synthesized by using bismuth (Bi) oxides and cadmium (Cd) salts as metal sources under hydrothermal conditions. Tunable and white light luminescence was obtained through the doping of different Ln(3+) ions into the Bi-Cd-organic framework.
Schmid Gernot - - 2013
Based on numerical computations using commercially available finite difference time domain code and a state-of-the art anatomical model of a 5-year old child, the influence of skin conductivity on the induced electric field strength inside the tissue for homogeneous front-to-back magnetic field exposure and homogeneous vertical electric field exposure was ...
Di Martino A - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) represent a formidable challenge for psychiatry and neuroscience because of their high prevalence, lifelong nature, complexity and substantial heterogeneity. Facing these obstacles requires large-scale multidisciplinary efforts. Although the field of genetics has pioneered data sharing for these reasons, neuroimaging had not kept pace. In response, we ...
Lee S G - - 2013
A worldwide depletion of the ozone layer has been observed over the past decade(1,2) . This concern was heightened when evidence emerged that ozone losses (albeit smaller than over Antarctica) were also taking place in the Arctic and over heavily populated mid-latitudes in both the northern and southern hemispheres. Ultraviolet ...
Coulibaly G - - 2013
Introduction. Meeting treatment targets for dialysis is a seemingly impossible challenge for most countries of sub-Saharan Africa. To assess this problem, we conducted this study of mineral and bone disorders in subjects undergoing hemodialysis at the Ouagadougou hemodialysis unit, the only such unit in Burkina Faso. Patients and methods. This ...
Makrutzki G - - 2013
Several methods for the detection of Trichinella in meat are legally prescribed in regulation (EC) No 2075/2005, which prescribes the magnetic stirrer method for pooled sample digestion (MSM) as the reference method. However, the MSM's multistage protocol requires several preparatory steps that seem to be accountable for the loss of ...
Agnusdei V - - 2013
T acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is characterized by several genetic alterations and poor prognosis in about 20-25% of patients. Notably, about 60% of T-ALL shows increased Notch1 activity, due to activating NOTCH1 mutations, or alterations in the FBW7 gene, which confer to the cell a strong growth advantage. Therapeutic targeting ...
van de Hoef Tim P - - 2013
Aims: Large intracoronary thrombus in patients with acute coronary syndromes remains a challenge in percutaneous coronary intervention, despite technical advances of manual aspiration catheters and mechanical thrombectomy devices. The Trevo® Pro 4 is a novel self-expanding mechanical thrombus retrieval device, designed for removal of occlusive thrombi in the setting of ...
Raju Jincy - - 2013
Abstract Dental X-ray has played an important role in identification of missing or unidentified persons. Particularly in cases where other identification clues like fingerprint, iris, etc. are not available and, moreover, dental features remain more or less invariant over time. The purpose of dental image processing is to match the ...
Sun Yifeng - - 2013
Purpose: Five-year survival rates were widely dispersed in pN2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The present study aims to investigate the prognosis of patients with lymph node metastasis beyond lobe-specific mediastinal regions. Methods: A total of 654 pathologically proved N2-NSCLC patients were enrolled. All patients underwent a major pulmonary resection ...
Fujita Kishu - - 2013
A 74-year-old woman presented with progressive dyspnea on exertion. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) demonstrated significant left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction with a pressure gradient of 100 mmHg caused by a sigmoid septum (SS). Mitral regurgitation (MR) of a mild to moderate degree occurred due to systolic anterior motion (SAM) of ...
Ichimura Hideo - - 2013
Left upper lobectomy may be followed by complications such as thrombus formation in a stump of the left superior pulmonary vein (LSPV), which may cause systemic embolization. We have encountered four such cases, which account for 3.4% of all left upper lobectomies performed at our institution. Right renal infarction was ...
Inoue Takahiro - - 2013
Persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA) associated with interruption of the fourth aortic arch is a rare malformation, usually requiring surgical intervention in childhood. A 51-year-old woman developed a distal aortic arch aneurysm associated with PFAA after patch aortoplasty for coarctation of the aorta at the age of 18. To our ...
Yasuda Shota - - 2013
We describe our experience with stent-graft placement in a patient with a clinically diagnosed syphilitic aortic aneurysm.The patient was a 43-year-old man with syphilitic and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection. Computed tomography (CT) revealed an aortic aneurysm with 89 mm in maximum size which was located at distal aortic arch ...
Silva Joana D - - 2013
Aims: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of bifurcation lesions is complex and is technically very demanding. Coronary angiography is considered the gold standard method to guide PCI but has several limitations. The purpose of this study is to determine the utility of stent enhancement with StentBoost® (StB), a novel fluoroscopic imaging ...
Meyer K M - - 2013
A 41-year-old man presented at our clinic with several bluish to purple nodular plaques (measuring 2 to 3 cm in diameter) on the upper chest (Fig. 1a; arrows) and the back. The lesions had existed for approximately 8 years without causing any symptoms. Three years ago, disseminated brown-reddish macules had ...
Plat Jogchum - - 2013
Oxysterols (oxidised cholesterol) may play a role in the pathogenesis of CVD. Similar to cholesterol, plant sterols are susceptible to oxidation. However, less is known about the potential atherogenicity of oxidised plant sterols (oxyphytosterols). In the present study, the atherogenicity of a mixture of oxyphytosterols was examined by feeding female ...
Böhm Michael - - 2013
Renal afferent and efferent sympathetic nerves are involved in the regulation of blood pressure and have a pathophysiological role in hypertension. Renal sympathetic denervation is a novel therapeutic technique for the treatment of patients with resistant hypertension. Clinical trials of renal sympathetic denervation have shown significant reductions in blood pressure ...
Gokhale Sg - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine transfusion compatibility of maternal RBCs for her neonate upto 4 weeks of age, irrespective of maternal- neonatal ABO mismatch Methods: This was a prospective observational study involving eligible mothers with their neonates delivered in participating site from July 1, 2012 till December31, 2012. Mother's blood was ...
Perreault Melissa L - - 2013
The pharmacological modification of dopamine transmission has long been employed as a therapeutic tool in the treatment of many mental health disorders. However, as many of the pharmacotherapies today are not without significant side effects, or they alleviate only a particular subset of symptoms, the identification of novel therapeutic targets ...
Kaufman Kenneth R - - 2013
Stigma towards epilepsy results in barriers to social integration, education, employment, and marriage, with increased divorce rates. There is a societal need to realise that many persons with epilepsy (PWE) lead normal lives and can be highly educated with effective employment. Integration of PWE into sports is therapeutic both for ...
Kutty A - - 2013
Eccrine porocarcinoma (EPC) was first described in 1963 by Pinkus and Mehregan, where it was referred to as 'epidermotropic eccrine carcinoma' (1) . EPC is a rare malignant tumour that develops from the intraepidermal portion of the eccrine gland. It can either arise secondary to the malignant transformation of a ...
Zhou Tingting - - 2013
Accumulated evidence indicates that phase separation occurs in potassium intercalated iron selenides, a superconducting phase coexisting with the antiferromagnetic phase K2Fe4Se5, the so-called '245 phase'. Here, we report a comparative study of substitution effects by Co and Mn for Fe sites in K0.8Fe2-ySe2 within the phase separation scenario. Our results ...
Pogliani Laura - - 2013
Abstract Background: Following the "back to sleep" recommendations, a striking rise in deformational plagiocephaly (DP) occurred. However additional maternal, pregnancy and infant conditions may play a role. Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of and risk factors for DP at birth. Additionally, given the association between assisted reproductive technologies ...
Santos Rosana G C - - 2013
Glutamine may be a precursor for NO synthesis, which may play a crucial role in bacterial translocation (BT). The goal of the present study was to investigate the potential effects of glutamine on BT and the immunological response in an experimental model of NO synthase inhibition by NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester ...
Ikemura Kenji - - 2013
  The renal tubular secretion of cationic drugs is dominated by basolateral organic cation transporter 2 (rOCT2/SLC22A2) and luminal multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (rMATE1/SLC47A1). Little is known about the variation in the expression of these renal transporters after liver ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Here, we examined the pharmacokinetics of cationic drug, ...
Kottner J - - 2013
Aging is associated with structural and functional changes of the skin that result in increased vulnerability. The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize empirical evidence about efficacy and effectiveness of basic skin care interventions to maintain skin integrity in the aged. The databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL (1990 to ...
Fani L - - 2013
Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges of the 21st century. Obesity is currently responsible for ∼0.7-2.8% of a country's health costs worldwide. Treatment is often not effective because weight regulation is complex. Appetite and energy control are regulated in the brain. Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) has a central ...
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