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Aranganathan V - - 2013
Pseudomonas oleovorans PAMD_1 produced an intracellular azoreductase as the more prominent enzyme that reduces the azo bridge during the azo dye decolorization process. In order to optimize the expression of azoreductase, statistically based experiments were applied. Eleven significant factors were screened on decolorization activity using Plackett-Burman design. Dye, NADH, glucose, ...
Kumar Rajaram Shyam - - 2013
In this study, a hybrid system of response surface methodology followed by genetic algorithm has been adopted to optimize the production medium for L-glutamic acid fermentation with mixed cultures of Corynebacterium glutamicum and Pseudomonas reptilovora. The optimal combination of media components for maximal production of L-glutamic acid was found to ...
Eslahi Niloofar - - 2013
In this study, the possibility of keratin extraction from wool and feather by an enzymatic treatment along with a reducing agent has been investigated. The effects of different parameters, that is, enzyme loading, type of substrate and surfactant, hydrolysis time, and reducing agent concentration, have been examined in order to ...
Khodabakhsh Fatemeh - - 2013
Reteplase is the recombinant type of tissue plasminogen activator variant. In this study, preplasmic and cytoplasmic (as inclusion body: IBs) production and activity of recombinant reteplase in E. coli were investigated and compared using a pET system (pET22b and pET15b). The cDNA of reteplase was cloned by polymerase chain reaction ...
Tan Li - - 2013
Corn stover is the most abundant agricultural residue in China and a valuable reservoir for bioethanol production. In this study, we proposed a process for producing bioethanol from corn stover; the pretreatment prior to presaccharification, followed by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) by using a flocculating Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, was ...
Vairamani Shanmugam - - 2013
Cuttlefish chitosan was extracted from the cuttlebone of Sepiella inermis by demineralization and deproteinization and produced by deacetylation, and its physical and chemical parameters were also compared with that of commercial chitosan. Ash, moisture, and mineral and metal content of the chitosan was estimated by adopting standard methodologies. The rate ...
Das Saprativ P - - 2013
The present study describes the usage of dried leafy biomass of mango (Mangifera indica) containing 26.3% (w/w) cellulose, 54.4% (w/w) hemicellulose, and 16.9% (w/w) lignin, as a substrate for bioethanol production from Zymomonas mobilis and Candida shehatae. The substrate was subjected to two different pretreatment strategies, namely, wet oxidation and ...
Gorin Yves Y Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. - - 2013
Oxidative stress has been linked to the pathogenesis of the major complications of diabetes in the kidney, the heart, the eye or the vasculature. NADPH oxidases of the Nox family are a major source of ROS (reactive oxygen species) and are critical mediators of redox signalling in cells from different ...
Bolliet Christophe - - 2013
This study investigated the impact of the oxidation process on the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in blown bitumen and identified some key contributing parameters. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's PAH list was used for this study. PAHs are considered a good toxicological marker, and measurement of PAHs in ...
O'Rielly Darren D - - 2013
Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a group of inflammatory rheumatic diseases whose main clinical feature is inflammation of the axial spine. Articular, periarticular, and extra-articular manifestations can also occur, depending on the type of spondyloarthritis. The most common clinical subsets of SpA are ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). SpA is ...
Weber Ulrich - - 2013
In recent years there has been an increased focus on use of imaging for diagnosis and assessment of spondyloarthritis (SpA). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has attracted particular interest for its potential to improve diagnostic certainty for early, non-radiographic disease and to assist clinical decision-making. This report summarizes recent developments toward ...
Lee Taekhee - - 2013
Kaolinite interferes with the infrared analysis of quartz. Improper correction can cause over- or underestimation of silica concentration. The standard sampling method for quartz in coal mine dust is size selective, and, since infrared spectrometry is sensitive to particle size, it is intuitively better to use the same size fractions ...
Lim Debbie T - - 2013
To review and highlight the association of acne conglobata, hidradenitis suppurativa, and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp with inflammatory arthritic conditions, we report five illustrative patients with this association, and a review of the literature. All our patients were African-American males, and their skin disease present before the onset of ...
Niezgoda George - - 2013
Twenty subjects underwent quantitative respirator fit testing with two styles (flat fold, cup-shaped) of N95 filtering facepiece respirators (N95 FFRs). Passing a fit test was followed by stereophotogrammetry to determine the face seal area and computation of seal pressure. There were significantly different seal pressures (p < 0.01) between standard ...
He Xinjian Kevin - - 2013
Plain benchtop enclosing hoods are assumed to be highly effective in protecting workers from airborne contaminants, but there is little research published to support or rebut that assumption. The purpose of this research was to investigate the performance of a 36 in. wide, 30 in. high, and 40 in. deep ...
Xu Xu - - 2013
Excessive physical loads and awkward shoulder postures during pushing and pulling are risk factors for shoulder pain. Pushing a medicine cart is a major component of a work shift for nurses and medical assistants in hospitals and other health care facilities. A laboratory experiment was conducted to examine the effects ...
Hu Jiongjiong - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: The curative effect in the group where facial-facial anastomosis (FFA) was delayed for 7 days was similar to that in the immediate FFA group and had a better repair within 60 days. Objective: Due to the uncertainty about optimal timing of delayed facial nerve repair, we designed an ...
Davis Richard R Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, - - 2013
To determine if passive gravitational sedimentation of blood samples, followed by buffy coat thin smear preparation could increase the sensitivity of malaria diagnosis when compared to conventional thin smear preparation without the additional cost of centrifuges or molecular diagnostics. Blood samples were collected from 205 patients. Each patient sample was ...
Ransdell Lynda B - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To (1) assess cycling-related questions that have been added to the electronic version of the American College Health Association National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA), (2) examine cycling prevalence, and (3) identify predictors of cycling in college students. Participants: Predominately female (69%), undergraduate (89%), and white (85%) students ...
Ugwu E O - - 2013
Background: The goal of roll back malaria partnership is to achieve universal coverage for all populations at risk using appropriate interventions for prevention and case management. Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and other anti-vector measures among pregnant women in ...
van Loon Maarten C - - 2013
To determine the role of MRI in the evaluation of patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) caused by meningitis. Gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MRI (GdMRI) and 3D heavily weighted T2-weighted MRI (T2MRI) were associated with the occurrence of SNHL and the peroperative surgical findings during cochlear implantation, respectively. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary ...
Hou Yi - - 2013
To study the expression of ALDH1 in colon cancer and its clinical significance. The expression of ALDH1 was examined in 98 surgical specimens of primary colonic carcinoma and 15 normal colon tissues with immunohistochemistry method. The correlations of the expression with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of colon cancer were analyzed. ...
Stratman Erik E Department of Dermatology, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, Wisconsin, - - 2013
Participation in Maintenance of Certification is a reality for the majority of board-certified physicians in the United States. It consists of 4 parts that focus the attention of participants on knowledge assessment, practice performance, communication skills, and patient safety. This continuing medical education article reviews the development and possible future ...
Reddy S - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the dimensional accuracy of the resultant (duplicative) casts made from two different impression materials (polyvinyl siloxane and polyether) in parallel and angulated implants. Materials and Methods: Three definitive master casts (control groups) were fabricated in dental stone with three implants, placed at equi-distance. In first group (control), ...
Gali B M - - 2013
The gallbladder is a relatively well-protected organ; consequently its rupture following blunt abdominal injury is rare and usually associated with other visceral injuries. Isolated gallbladder rupture is extremely rare. We report a healthy Nigerian adult male who sustained isolated gallbladder rupture following blunt abdominal injury from riding a motor cycle ...
Molteni Roberto - - 2013
Limitations in rendering of tissue density in Hounsfield units (HUs) for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) are described and illustrated using a phantom and two CBCT systems to demonstrate grayscale measurement variability. The basis of the HU scale, its correlation with measured computed tomography (CT) numbers, and the limitations in ...
Chander P M - - 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation between pre-operative pain and pre-operative levels of C-reactive and post-operative pain and swelling in impacted third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: In this prospective study subjects were patients indicated for mandibular third molar extraction. Patients were assessed for certain ...
Eren Erdem - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of hyperandrogenism on otoacoustic emission levels and the medial olivocochlear reflex in adult female subjects. Women have a hearing advantage over men. Otoacoustic emission levels tend to be higher in female subjects, in both newborns and adults. This discrepancy has been presumed to result from prenatal ...
Rafiei A - - 2013
To determine the patterns of distribution of HCV genotypes among high risk population in north of Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 135 HCV RNA-positive high risk individuals including thalassemia, hemophilia, patients under hemodialysis and intravenous drug addicts. HCV genotypes were determined based on amplification with type-specific primers methods. ...
Akpan M U - - 2013
Background: Knowledge and attitude of school teachers with regard to seizure disorder has an important impact on continuation of schooling of children with seizure disorder. Though school teachers in both rural and urban settings are exposed to the same training, their perception of seizure disorder could be influenced by the ...
Aregbesola S B - - 2013
The ingestion and inhalation of foreign bodies with their associated morbidity and mortality have been widely reported in the literature. However, reports on foreign body impaction in the orofacial region are comparatively fewer. Three unusual cases of foreign body impaction into the buccal and submasseteric spaces are presented. The three ...
Jaklitsch Michael T MT Division of Thoracic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Mass 02115, USA. - - 2013
Accurate pathologic restaging of N2 stations after neoadjuvant therapy in stage IIIA (N2) non-small cell lung cancer is needed. A prospective multi-institutional trial was designed to judge the feasibility of videothoracoscopy to restage the ipsilateral nodes in mediastinoscopy-proven stage IIIA (N2) non-small cell lung cancer after 2 cycles of platinum-based ...
Cheng Wei-Tao - - 2013
To investigate the correlation between expressions of MMP-2 and NF-κ B in the intracranial aneurysm wall, and explore their role in the mechanism of the occurrence, growth and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of MMP-2 and NF-κ B mRNA of 30 cases of intracranial ...
Petzinger Giselle M GM Department of Neurology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA. - - 2013
Exercise interventions in individuals with Parkinson's disease incorporate goal-based motor skill training to engage cognitive circuitry important in motor learning. With this exercise approach, physical therapy helps with learning through instruction and feedback (reinforcement) and encouragement to perform beyond self-perceived capability. Individuals with Parkinson's disease become more cognitively engaged with ...
García-Elorriaga Guadalupe - - 2013
To determine the polymorphisms of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) (-592, -1082) in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D). We studied a Mexican mestizo population of 37 patients with TB in remission (TBr) and 40 with active pulmonary TB (PTB), 21 patients with TB + T2D, 47 blood donors ...
Takano Sakurako - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: In the present study, classification of the patterns of 3D CT images of the ductus reuniens (reuniting duct) (RD), saccular duct (SD), and endolymphatic sinus (ES) gave more precise information for assessing the pathological condition of Meniere's disease (MD) than our previous study. Objective: This study attempted to ...
Ukoha U U Department of Anatomy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Nigeria. - - 2013
The pterion is a point of sutural confluence seen in the norma lateralis of the skull. The site is an important landmark in surgical approaches to the anterior and middle cranial fossa. This study was designed to determine the frequency of pterion types and anatomic positions of the pterion in ...
Ziaran Stanislav - - 2013
The main aim is to present the available updated knowledge regarding the potential health effects of standing waves generated by low frequency noise (LFN) from an open window in a moving car where the negative effects of LFN induced by heating components and/or heating, ventilation and air-conditioning are assessed. Furthermore, ...
Tasman William - - 2013
This paper records personal reminiscences of seven 20th century ophthalmologists who each in his own way metaphorically split the atom and, thereby, changed ophthalmology forever. In addition to their major contributions, they each shared some very desirable traits. They were gentlemen who were devoted to their families and their families ...
Abubakar S A - - 2013
Background: There is evidence of an association between mediators of inflammation, particularly C-reactive protein (CRP), and outcome of acute ischaemic stroke. This provides a potential opportunity for interventions aimed at improving outcome. There is sparse data exploring the role of inflammatory markers such as CRP and stroke outcome in Africans. ...
Hu Feifei - - 2013
DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) plays a crucial role in maintaining of methylation and chromatin stability. And mutations in DNMT1 can induce one form of neurodegenerative diseases with dementia and sensorineural hearing loss. To assess whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or haplotypes of DNMT1 are related to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) ...
Stamatiou Georgios A - - 2013
To perform comprehensive network and pathway analyses of the genes known to cause genetic hearing loss. In silico analysis of deafness genes using ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA). Genes relevant for hearing and deafness were identified through PubMed literature searches and the Hereditary Hearing Loss Homepage. The genes were assembled into ...
Lee Andrew G - - 2013
The ACGME is moving towards the next generation of accreditation in the USA called the Next Accreditation System (NAS). The NAS is anticipated to reduce the burden on programs to comply with accreditation requirements; to produce meaningful, innovative, and continuous benchmark outcomes data; to use ongoing individual and programmatic milestones ...
Iwasaki Shinichi - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMPs) to binaural air-conducted stimulation (ACS) may provide a convenient way of assessing the crossed vestibulo-ocular reflex in patients with vestibular dysfunction as well as in healthy subjects. Objective: To investigate the clinical feasibility of using oVEMPs in response to binaural ACS to ...
Maduka O - - 2013
Context: Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the world's most challenging pandemics. For treatment with Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) to be effective, high rate of adherence is essential. Aim: To demonstrate the effect of adherence counseling and text message reminders in improving patients' adherence to HAART. ...
Lercher Peter - - 2013
In a short-term experimental study about one-third of subjects exposed to noise shows both increases and decreases in blood pressure. While the association of noise with hypertension is established it is not yet known whether hypotension is associated with noise in field studies. In a cross-sectional study the association of ...
Asgary Ramin - - 2013
A significant number of asylum seekers who largely survived torture live in the United States. Asylum seekers have complex social and medical problems with significant barriers to health care access. When evaluating and providing care for survivors, health providers face important challenges regarding medical ethics and professional codes. We review ...
Luo Jia J Reproductive Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Number 58, Zhongshan Road, Guangzhou 510080, - - 2013
To explore the effects of different M II stage oocytes zona pellucida birefringence on pregnancy outcome. A total of 46 couples with infertile which induced by single cause received in-vitro fertilization treatment were analyzed retrospectively, and randomly divided into the high zona birefringence (HZB)/HZB group, HZB/low zona birefringence (LZB) group ...
Hiremath V - - 2013
Acinic cell carcinoma is an uncommon low-grade malignant tumor of salivary glands. It was first described by Nasse in 1892, arising in parotid salivary gland. Salivary gland tumors are also known to develop within jaw bones, arising within the jaw as a primary central lesion, and are extremely rare with ...
Odeniyi I A - - 2013
Cushing's syndrome results from chronic exposure to excessive circulating levels of glucocorticoids. To confirm the clinical suspicion, biochemical tests are needed. These biochemical tests include the measurement of excess total endogenous cortisol secretion assessed by 24-hour urinary free cortisol (UFC), loss of the normal feedback of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis assessed ...
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