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Khodabakhsh Fatemeh - - 2013
Reteplase is the recombinant type of tissue plasminogen activator variant. In this study, preplasmic and cytoplasmic (as inclusion body: IBs) production and activity of recombinant reteplase in E. coli were investigated and compared using a pET system (pET22b and pET15b). The cDNA of reteplase was cloned by polymerase chain reaction ...
Aranganathan V - - 2013
Pseudomonas oleovorans PAMD_1 produced an intracellular azoreductase as the more prominent enzyme that reduces the azo bridge during the azo dye decolorization process. In order to optimize the expression of azoreductase, statistically based experiments were applied. Eleven significant factors were screened on decolorization activity using Plackett-Burman design. Dye, NADH, glucose, ...
Tan Li - - 2013
Corn stover is the most abundant agricultural residue in China and a valuable reservoir for bioethanol production. In this study, we proposed a process for producing bioethanol from corn stover; the pretreatment prior to presaccharification, followed by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) by using a flocculating Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, was ...
Kumar Rajaram Shyam - - 2013
In this study, a hybrid system of response surface methodology followed by genetic algorithm has been adopted to optimize the production medium for L-glutamic acid fermentation with mixed cultures of Corynebacterium glutamicum and Pseudomonas reptilovora. The optimal combination of media components for maximal production of L-glutamic acid was found to ...
Vairamani Shanmugam - - 2013
Cuttlefish chitosan was extracted from the cuttlebone of Sepiella inermis by demineralization and deproteinization and produced by deacetylation, and its physical and chemical parameters were also compared with that of commercial chitosan. Ash, moisture, and mineral and metal content of the chitosan was estimated by adopting standard methodologies. The rate ...
Das Saprativ P - - 2013
The present study describes the usage of dried leafy biomass of mango (Mangifera indica) containing 26.3% (w/w) cellulose, 54.4% (w/w) hemicellulose, and 16.9% (w/w) lignin, as a substrate for bioethanol production from Zymomonas mobilis and Candida shehatae. The substrate was subjected to two different pretreatment strategies, namely, wet oxidation and ...
Eslahi Niloofar - - 2013
In this study, the possibility of keratin extraction from wool and feather by an enzymatic treatment along with a reducing agent has been investigated. The effects of different parameters, that is, enzyme loading, type of substrate and surfactant, hydrolysis time, and reducing agent concentration, have been examined in order to ...
Gorin Yves - - 2013
Oxidative stress has been linked to the pathogenesis of the major complications of diabetes in the kidney, the heart, the eye or the vasculature. NADPH oxidases of the Nox family are a major source of ROS (reactive oxygen species) and are critical mediators of redox signalling in cells from different ...
Niezgoda George - - 2013
Twenty subjects underwent quantitative respirator fit testing with two styles (flat fold, cup-shaped) of N95 filtering facepiece respirators (N95 FFRs). Passing a fit test was followed by stereophotogrammetry to determine the face seal area and computation of seal pressure. There were significantly different seal pressures (p < 0.01) between standard ...
Lee Taekhee - - 2013
Kaolinite interferes with the infrared analysis of quartz. Improper correction can cause over- or underestimation of silica concentration. The standard sampling method for quartz in coal mine dust is size selective, and, since infrared spectrometry is sensitive to particle size, it is intuitively better to use the same size fractions ...
Bolliet Christophe - - 2013
This study investigated the impact of the oxidation process on the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in blown bitumen and identified some key contributing parameters. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's PAH list was used for this study. PAHs are considered a good toxicological marker, and measurement of PAHs in ...
Weber Ulrich - - 2013
In recent years there has been an increased focus on use of imaging for diagnosis and assessment of spondyloarthritis (SpA). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has attracted particular interest for its potential to improve diagnostic certainty for early, non-radiographic disease and to assist clinical decision-making. This report summarizes recent developments toward ...
Lim Debbie T - - 2013
To review and highlight the association of acne conglobata, hidradenitis suppurativa, and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp with inflammatory arthritic conditions, we report five illustrative patients with this association, and a review of the literature. All our patients were African-American males, and their skin disease present before the onset of ...
O'Rielly Darren D - - 2013
Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a group of inflammatory rheumatic diseases whose main clinical feature is inflammation of the axial spine. Articular, periarticular, and extra-articular manifestations can also occur, depending on the type of spondyloarthritis. The most common clinical subsets of SpA are ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). SpA is ...
He Xinjian Kevin - - 2013
Plain benchtop enclosing hoods are assumed to be highly effective in protecting workers from airborne contaminants, but there is little research published to support or rebut that assumption. The purpose of this research was to investigate the performance of a 36 in. wide, 30 in. high, and 40 in. deep ...
Xu Xu - - 2013
Excessive physical loads and awkward shoulder postures during pushing and pulling are risk factors for shoulder pain. Pushing a medicine cart is a major component of a work shift for nurses and medical assistants in hospitals and other health care facilities. A laboratory experiment was conducted to examine the effects ...
Chihara Yasuhiro - - 2013
Abstract Conclusions: Systemic desmopressin (dDAVP) administration in guinea pigs for up to 2 weeks induced only minor or no significant changes in cochlear sensitivity, suggesting that other factors may be required to induce the cochlear dysfunction that is usually associated with endolymphatic hydrops. Objectives: To investigate the effects of chronic ...
Chen Guanming - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Otologic and audiologic abnormalities are both highly prevalent in Chinese children with skeletal dysplasias. Audiologic and otologic evaluations with medical intervention are recommended for these children. Objective: Children with skeletal dysplasia have a number of otolaryngologic issues including hearing loss. This study aimed to investigate the otologic and ...
García-Elorriaga Guadalupe - - 2013
To determine the polymorphisms of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) (-592, -1082) in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D). We studied a Mexican mestizo population of 37 patients with TB in remission (TBr) and 40 with active pulmonary TB (PTB), 21 patients with TB + T2D, 47 blood donors ...
Soleimani-Ahmadi Moussa - - 2013
To determine the effects of environmental parameters of larval habitats on distribution and abundance of anopheline mosquitoes in Rudan county of Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted during the mosquito breeding season from February 2010 to October 2011. The anopheline larvae were collected using the standard dipping method. The specimens ...
Luo Jin-Hong - - 2013
To investigate the correlation between periostin and SNCG and esophageal cancer invasion, infiltration and apoptosis. A total of 78 cases esophageal surgical resection specimens were collected, expression of periostin and SNCG in esophageal cancer were detected. Effect of periostin and SNCG in esophageal carcinoma invasion and infiltration was analyzed. The ...
Bai Jing - - 2013
To observe the effect on the inhibition of coronary atherosclerosis hardening of the paraoxonase gene (PON-1) which transfected to the rabbit epicardial adipose tissue. Rabbit coronary atherosclerosis model was established by high-fat feeding, liposome-encapsulated recombinant plasmid pEGFP-PON-1 50 μ L was injected to the rabbit pericardial cavity, and was harvested ...
Ramkissoon Js - - 2013
To determine the contribution of total phenolic content (TPC) in glycation inhibitory activity of common tropical medicinal food and spices with potential antioxidative properties. In vitro glucose-bovine serum albumin (BSA) assay was used. Ethanolic extracts of ten common household condiments/herbs (Allium sativum, Zingiber officinale, Thymus vulgaris, Petroselinum crispum, Murraya koenigii ...
Furman Joseph M - - 2013
Vestibular migraine is becoming recognised as a distinct clinical entity that accounts for a high proportion of patients with vestibular symptoms. A temporal overlap between vestibular symptoms, such as vertigo and head-movement intolerance, and migraine symptoms, such as headache, photophobia, and phonophobia, is a requisite diagnostic criterion. Physical examination and ...
Conley Colleen S - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This review is the first large-scale attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of universal promotion and prevention programs for higher education students on a range of adjustment outcomes. Participants/Methods: The current review examined 83 controlled interventions involving college, graduate, and professional students, with a focus on 3 main outcomes: ...
Reddy S - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the dimensional accuracy of the resultant (duplicative) casts made from two different impression materials (polyvinyl siloxane and polyether) in parallel and angulated implants. Materials and Methods: Three definitive master casts (control groups) were fabricated in dental stone with three implants, placed at equi-distance. In first group (control), ...
Akin Y - - 2013
Pediatric glans penis malformations, especially arteriovenous malformations (AVM), are very rare. Herein, we report two rare cases. A 14-year-old boy attended our outpatient clinic with chief complaints of purple swelling and rapidly growing lesion on the glans penis. The lesion was excised surgically after physical and radiological evaluations. Pathology reported ...
Ekwunife C N - - 2013
This is a case of a 21-year-old man who presented with history of abdominal pain following blunt abdominal trauma. Although the initial ultrasound scan showed mild free peritoneal fluid, the patient was managed conservatively as a probable case of splenic injury and was discharged in satisfactory condition after 6 days ...
Ibinaiye P O - - 2013
One of the most interesting congenital malformations to manage is a conjoined twin. Conjoined twins are rare occurrences in obstetric/pediatric practice. More commonly known as Siamese twins, this phenomenon is shrouded in mystery and considered a curiosity by general public. Current technology is lending a helping hand in the early ...
Gupta O - - 2013
Congenital granular cell lesion (CGCL) is a rare non-neoplastic lesion found in newborns also known as Neumann's tumor. This benign lesion occurs predominantly in females mostly as a single mass. The histogenesis and natural history of the lesion remains obscure. It arises from the mucosa of the gingiva, either from ...
Taljaard Dunay Schmulian - - 2013
To determine whether the Cheers for Ears Program on noise induced hearing loss prevention was effective in improving current knowledge of noise impact of personal listening devices on hearing, and in changing self-reported listening behavior of primary school students aged between 9 years and 13 years. A survey study was ...
Pugalagiri Pavithra - - 2013
With the epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the clinical and histopathological features of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) became routine for most practicing surgical pathologists. The histological spectrum of KS broadened significantly over time and today a wide variety of rare histological variants are reported, but not widely recognized. Lymphangioma-like KS (LLKS) ...
Kaeppler Gabriele - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine the clinical efficacy of maxillofacial cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for the diagnosis of suspected mandibular fractures and to evaluate whether findings would lead to a change in treatment. CBCT imaging was performed for 164 patients with suspected mandibular fractures (231 sites) but ...
Molteni Roberto - - 2013
Limitations in rendering of tissue density in Hounsfield units (HUs) for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) are described and illustrated using a phantom and two CBCT systems to demonstrate grayscale measurement variability. The basis of the HU scale, its correlation with measured computed tomography (CT) numbers, and the limitations in ...
Stamatiou Georgios A - - 2013
To perform comprehensive network and pathway analyses of the genes known to cause genetic hearing loss. In silico analysis of deafness genes using ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA). Genes relevant for hearing and deafness were identified through PubMed literature searches and the Hereditary Hearing Loss Homepage. The genes were assembled into ...
Yen Yung-Feng - - 2013
Abstract Background: Taiwan has a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic that has recently shifted to an increase among injection drug users (IDUs). IDUs co-infected with HIV and tuberculosis (TB) have a high risk of progression from latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) to active TB. Methods: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and ...
Lee Andrew G - - 2013
The ACGME is moving towards the next generation of accreditation in the USA called the Next Accreditation System (NAS). The NAS is anticipated to reduce the burden on programs to comply with accreditation requirements; to produce meaningful, innovative, and continuous benchmark outcomes data; to use ongoing individual and programmatic milestones ...
Chen Xueqing - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: This study indicates that Mandarin-speaking subjects acquire significant benefit from a cochlear implant (CI) and audio processor with the fine structure processing (FSP) coding strategy. It can take adult Mandarin CI users time to become accustomed to their CI and appreciate the benefits. Objectives: This study aimed to ...
Hu Jiongjiong - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: The curative effect in the group where facial-facial anastomosis (FFA) was delayed for 7 days was similar to that in the immediate FFA group and had a better repair within 60 days. Objective: Due to the uncertainty about optimal timing of delayed facial nerve repair, we designed an ...
Kumari Sweety - - 2013
To study the potential ameliorating properties of cardamom Elettaria cardamomum (E. cardamomum) L. Maton against pan masala induced damage in lung of male Swiss mice. The experimental animals were divided into 3 groups (control, pan masala treated group and pan masala with cardamom treated group) to evaluate pan masala toxicity. ...
Cheng Wei-Tao - - 2013
To investigate the correlation between expressions of MMP-2 and NF-κ B in the intracranial aneurysm wall, and explore their role in the mechanism of the occurrence, growth and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of MMP-2 and NF-κ B mRNA of 30 cases of intracranial ...
Hou Yi - - 2013
To study the expression of ALDH1 in colon cancer and its clinical significance. The expression of ALDH1 was examined in 98 surgical specimens of primary colonic carcinoma and 15 normal colon tissues with immunohistochemistry method. The correlations of the expression with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of colon cancer were analyzed. ...
Goswami Diganta - - 2013
India reports the highest number of malaria cases in Southeast Asia, of which Plasmodium falciparum contribute more than half of the cases every year. North eastern states of India contribute only 3.96% of country's population but account for >10% of total reported malaria cases, 11% of Plasmodium falciparum cases and ...
Stratman Erik - - 2013
Since 2006, after completing a cognitive certifying or recertifying examination, dermatologists are automatically enrolled into Maintenance of Certification (MOC) and can access a personalized electronic table (at www.abderm.org) that presents the requirements over the 10-year cycle. On this web site, diplomates can also pay the annual fee and attest to ...
Ajayi A B - - 2013
Context: The risk of laboratory cross-contamination may limit the availability of assisted conception for couples infected with chronic viruses. However, assisted conception is the standard of care for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to minimize risk of transmission or reinfection. Aims: To assess the burden of viral infection ...
Ejim E C - - 2013
Background: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is one of the most commonly performed cardiac investigations. It can provide comprehensive information about cardiac structure and function, helping to establish a diagnosis and guide therapy, and it is no longer the preserve of the specialist cardiology department. Previous studies on echocardiographic findings in our ...
Akpan M U - - 2013
Background: Knowledge and attitude of school teachers with regard to seizure disorder has an important impact on continuation of schooling of children with seizure disorder. Though school teachers in both rural and urban settings are exposed to the same training, their perception of seizure disorder could be influenced by the ...
Rakholia R - - 2013
Objective: To determine the prevalence of β thalassemia in Sindhi community of Wardha and evaluation of risk factors. To give genetic counseling to those diagnosed as carriers. Study Design: Cross-sectional (prevalence study). Setting: Sindhi community residing in and around Wardha. Study Period: 18 months. Materials and Methods: A total of ...
Gopal Kamakshi V - - 2013
It is well-known that musicians are at risk for music-induced hearing loss, however, systematic evaluation of music exposure and its effects on the auditory system are still difficult to assess. The purpose of the study was to determine if college students in jazz band-based instructional activity are exposed to loud ...
Shahidi Shoaleh - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between articular eminence steepness and clinical dysfunction index (Di) in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). In this study, CBCT images of 60 temporomandibular joints in 30 patients with TMD were evaluated. The eminence inclination ...
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