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Results 401 - 450 of 1555
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Ganesh Aravind - - 2013
Objective: To carry out a preliminary assessment of the use of a psychiatric screening tool in an urban homeless population, and to estimate the potential prevalence of undiagnosed and (or) unmanaged mental illness in this population. Methods: Participants (n = 166) were recruited from the Calgary Drop-in and Rehab Centre ...
Chen Xin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography for the diagnosis of congenital aortic arch anomalies and present the radiological images of congenital aortic arch anomalies in Chinese children. MDCT angiography and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) were applied for the diagnosis of congenital ...
Kwak H-H - - 2013
Alloantigen recognition in skin transplantation is the bane for surgeons. Several studies have mainly focused on the immunogenicity of major histocompatibility (MHC) antigens and H-Y minor histocompatibility antigens. However, the roles of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encorded miHA have not been identified. Therefore, we sought to address the antigenicity of ...
Härmä M - - 2013
Human herpesvirus (HHV)-6, comprised of HHV-6A and HHV-6B, belongs to the betaherpesviruses that infect 95%-100% of humans. Primary infection, known as exanthema subitum, occurs in early childhood. Reactivations of latent HHV-6, mostly HHV-6B, are common after liver transplantation. The vast majority of them are asymptomatic; in a minority of cases, ...
Koc-Zorawska E - - 2013
VAP-1 (vascular adhesion protein-1) is a copper-containing SSAO (semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase) secreted by vascular smooth muscle cells, adipocytes, and endothelial cells. Elevation of SSAO activity is observed in atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. The aim of the study was to assess VAP-1 in prevalent heart and kidney allograft recipients. Complete ...
Greenberg A - - 2013
Desensitization before HLA antibody-incompatible (HLAi) transplantation involves nonspecific apheresis of HLA antibodies. Clotting factors and albumin are also removed and have to be replaced. This makes transplantation difficult because it increases the risk of bleeding. Such risk is further compounded when certain blood products are refused on religious grounds. We ...
Ronsley Rebecca - - 2013
Objectives: To establish prevalence rates of antipsychotic (AP) prescriptions for children 18 years of age or younger in British Columbia (BC) from 1996 to 2011 by age, sex, AP type, and primary diagnosis; and to identify the predominant AP prescribers for children by specialty training. Methods: BC Ministry of Health ...
Sun Ting-Yi - - 2013
Relationship between ATP changes of rabbit blood and postmortem interval (PMI) was studied. Twenty-four healthy rabbits were sacrificed and randomly divided into 3 groups with 8 rabbits of each group. The bodies of three groups were placed in calorstat at temperature of 15°C, 25°C and 35°C, respectively. The blood from ...
Kim In Sook - - 2013
A 79-year-old man was admitted to Samsung Changwon Hospital due to chest pain and dyspnea. The ejection fraction was 31% and mean pressure gradient between the left ventricle and aorta was 69.4 mmHg on echocardiography. Chest computed tomography showed severe calcification of the ascending aorta. Aortic valve replacement was successfully ...
Eun S-C - - 2013
Prevention of rejection in composite tissue allotransplantation without continuous immunosuppression is of paramount importance in the field of transplantation. Recently dendritic cells (DCs) have gained considerable attention as antigen-presenting cells that are also capable of tolerance induction. This study assessed the effect of interleukin (IL)-10-supplemented, alloantigen-pulsed immature tolerogenic DC to ...
Kornberg A - - 2013
Locoregional interventional bridging treatment (IBT) before liver transplantation (LT) is an accepted neoadjuvant approach in liver transplant patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the effect of postinterventional tumor necrosis on posttransplantation outcome is known. A total of 93 consecutive liver transplant patients with HCC were included in this prospective trial. ...
Beiras-Fernandez A - - 2013
Thromboembolism is a major complication in patients with ventricular assist devices (VADs). Drug anticoagulation and the use of biocompatible surfaces, such as coating with heparin, aim to reduce thromboembolism in these patients. Administration of heparin can lead to heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) type II, mainly through heparin/platelet factor 4 (PF4) antibodies. ...
Dorrepaal Stephen J - - 2013
To compare chromatic and achromatic potential visual acuity (PVA) in patients with bilateral low vision caused by age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Prospective, nonrandomized, observational case series. Fifty-five patients, representing a consecutive series of patients all presenting with bilateral AMD. Best-corrected visual acuity of each eye was measured using an Early ...
Khayami Shahrzad - - 2013
Digit sucking is a habit that occurs in childhood and can lead to malocclusion if it persists for a long time. Understanding the cause and available management approaches for habit cessation can lead to more positive outcomes for clinicians, parents and children alike. Increasing clinicians' awareness of the causes and ...
Naylor Andrew R - - 2013
Joint infection is a rare but serious complication after knee injury that should be part of a physical therapist's differential diagnosis. This case report presents the care of a 17 year-old female athlete with septic arthritis from a Fusobacterium infection after sustaining a right lateral meniscus tear. Joint pathology combined ...
Wang Lu - - 2013
The possible association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and chronic idiopathic neutropenia (CIN) was investigated. A total of 78 subjects with CIN were recruited in this case-control study. As a control group, 40 subjects without CIN were selected for comparison with the case group. All participants were evaluated for ...
Suh Jee Won - - 2013
A 42-year-old woman with short-term memory loss visited Gangnam Severance Hospital, and her chest X-ray and computed tomography revealed a right anterior mediastinal mass. On hospital day two, she suddenly presented personality changes and a drowsy mental status, so she required ventilator care in the intensive care unit. She underwent ...
Foltys D - - 2013
The Achilles heel of liver transplantation remains the biliary system. The crucial step for liver preservation is effective rinsing and perfusion of the peribiliary plexus (PBP). Due to the physiology of the vascular tree, it seems almost impossible to achieve the necessary physiologic ranges of pressure and flow by the ...
Sato K - - 2013
Intraoperative blood loss (IBL) usually predominates during the dissection of the native liver. A right-lobe living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) sometimes requires an additional procedure to obtain an autologous vein from the recipient for the vascular reconstruction. These procedure can sometime contribute to progressive coagulopathy causing unexpected bleeding. Therefore, we ...
Ren Cui-Ai - - 2013
Cyclosporine A (CsA) has been widely used in the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA), but the application of CsA was limited in patients who had liver diseases or abnormal liver function due to its liver toxicity. Glycyrrhizin has long been used in China in the treatment of various liver diseases ...
Liang K - - 2013
Vascularized bone-grafting pedicled on 1,2 intercompartmental supraretinacular artery (1,2 ICSRA) has been recommended as a treatment alternative for established scaphoid nonunion complicated with proximal pole avascular necrosis (AVN). Previous reports focused the studies on the union rate and the revascularization of the transferred graft. However, the postoperative wrist stiffness still ...
Chai Da-Min - - 2013
This study aims to find good markers for predicting the prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) and the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-lα (HIF-lα)/E-cad protein in ESCC were investigated by immunostaining. The association between VM, HIF-lα/E-cad and clinicopathologic characteristics and 5-year-survival rate of patients ...
Liu H - - 2013
Allogeneic liver transplantation induces spontaneous tolerance in mice without a requirement for immunosuppression. The underling mechanisms remain unclear. Our recent studies indicated that Foxp3(+)CD25(+)CD4(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells play an important role in the induction of spontaneous transplant tolerance. How Treg cells are induced and their functional mechanisms to regulate ...
Freude T - - 2013
The principle of "biological" plate osteosynthesis describes the optimum interaction between mechanics and biology with the aim to achieve an uneventful consolidation of the fracture by secondary bone healing. The preservation of soft tissue and blood supply are central points in this context. Empirical values show that a too rigid ...
Zhang Yi - - 2013
Virtual reality (VR) has been recognized as a useful modality in the training of surgical skills. With respect to basic endoscopic skill training of urology, we sought to investigate the effectiveness of the UroMentor(TM) virtual reality simulator (VRS) in the skill acquisition of flexible cystoscopy. Urologists familiar with rigid cystoscopy ...
Ye J X - - 2013
This study aims to analyze the operating methods and fundamental clinical effects of the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with the Ligament Advancement Reinforcement System (LARS) artificial ligaments using an arthroscopy. Fifty-three patients with ACL rupture who were treated using LARS artificial ligaments were enrolled in this retrospective ...
Nie Xiu - - 2013
The specimens of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) with early invasion, and specimens collected by core needle biopsy (CNB) tend to contain limited amount of invasive component, so it is imperative to explore a new technique which can assess HER2 gene status accurately for the limited invasive cancer component in ...
Yolcu E S - - 2013
Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation as a therapeutic approach in the clinic suffers from graft-versus- host disease (GVHD) initiated and perpetuated by donor T cells responding to alloantigens in immunocompromised hosts. Although the depletion of mature T cells from bone marrow inoculum overcomes GVHD, this manipulation is associated with engraftment failure ...
Weiner X - - 2013
Background: There are a variety of surgical strategies for the treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar vertebral fractures. There is still no proof for the superiority of any strategy concerning clinical or radiological outcomes. The aim of this study was the evaluation of residual complaints and correlation with radiological findings. Patients and ...
Yang Juan-Mei - - 2013
Labyrinthine fistula (LF) is a very common clinical complication mainly caused by middle ear cholesteatoma. Whether the presence of different degree LF caused by middle ear cholesteatoma aggravates neurosensory hearing loss (NSHL) and what is the degree of the hearing loss caused by LF were still under controversial. This study ...
Saperstein Alice M - - 2013
Cognitive remediation (CR) for schizophrenia is a learning-based behavioural skills training intervention designed to enhance neuro and (or) social cognitive skills, with the ultimate goal of generalization to improve psychosocial outcomes. This review summarizes conceptual approaches to CR for schizophrenia and the evidence for efficacy in clinical research settings. Four ...
Kim Hee-Sung - - 2013
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is common in HIV-infected patients. We aimed to describe the prevalence of low BMD and risk factors in Korean HIV-infected patients and to assess the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on BMD. We retrospectively evaluated 224 HIV infected-patients. The prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis were ...
Giacomini Craig P - - 2013
Head and neck malignancies, including squamous cell carcinoma, lymphoma, and thyroid cancer, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and frequently present with cervical lymphadenopathy. Distinguishing normal from malignant lymph nodes is critical for accurate staging, prognosis, and determination of optimal therapeutic options. Gray-scale, power, and color Doppler ...
Franko K R - - 2013
Acetaminophen overdose is the most rapidly growing cause of fulminant hepatic failure in Western countries. Pregnant women are counseled that acetaminophen is safe during pregnancy and an alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. This report describes a case of acetaminophen overdose during the second trimester of pregnancy with resultant fulminant hepatic ...
Shah Sanket U - - 2013
To evaluate the patient's understanding of the importance and adherence to the various lifestyle and Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) supplement recommendations for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Cross-sectional study. Patients with AMD treated at the vitreoretinal service clinic. Telephone questionnaire survey was administered to assess knowledge and adherence to various ...
Wang Wan-Hai - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) may play an important role in immunopathology during HIV-1 infection. Transcription factor forkhead box P3 (FoxP3) orchestrates the development of Tregs and is a useful marker to identify this population. Using a FoxP3 phenotype to define Tregs, we investigated the level and phenotype of peripheral blood ...
Dembowski Scott C - - 2013
Hamstring strain injuries are among the most common injuries seen in sports. Management is made difficult by the high recurrence rates. Typical time to return to sport varies but can be prolonged with recurrence. Eccentric strength deficits remain post-injury, contributing to reinjury. Eccentric training has shown to be an effective ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
This study preliminarily investigated the mechanism by which chloroquine (CQ) relieves acute lung injury (ALI) complicated in acute hemorrhagic necrotizing pancreatitis (AHNP). Sixty male Wistar rats were randomized into sham-operated group (group A, n=10), AHNP group (group B, n=10), L-arginine-treated group (group C, n=10), L-N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (NAME)-treated group (group ...
Seo Joo Youn - - 2013
This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in the Korean population. Participants were recruited from five referral hospitals across the country in 2007 and from 11 hospitals in 2009. Patients with positive anti-HAV IgM antibody tests became the case group, while ...
Ko Ho Hyun - - 2013
An ectopic thyroid is caused by abnormalities in migration of the thyroid during development and rarely occurs in the thoracic cavity or the abdominal cavity. We report the case of a 64-year-old female who had abnormal findings from a thyroid hormone test during follow-up after thyroid cancer surgery. Based on ...
Hsu H C - - 2013
Warm ischemia (WI)-related injury interferes with recovery of primary hepatocyte after collagenase digestion of surgically resected or non-heart-beating donor livers as human cell sources. We speculated that digestion is impaired due to reduced microcirculation, caused by microembolism after WI. We sought to improve hepatocyte recovery after WI using a rat ...
Moon D B - - 2013
For the first time at Asan Medical Center (AMC) we performed more than 400 liver transplantations (LTs) per year in 2011, despite same number of living donor liver transplantations (LDLTs). Our OLT program was started in 1992, but not activated well due to the scarcity of deceased donor organs. Since ...
Choi Kyu Sik - - 2013
This study renewed the estimation of disability weights for cancers in Korea, reflecting the nation's economic and medical-technological development during the past 10 yr. Thirty-two medical doctors evaluated disability weights for 24 major cancers based on the visual analogue scale (VAS) method. To check the intra-rater reliability, a correlation was ...
Hwang Gyo Jun - - 2013
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) leading to cardiopulmonary dysfunction is a potentially life-threatening complication in patients with central nervous system lesions. This case report describes a 28-yr woman with life-threatening fulminant NPE, which was refractory to conventional respiratory treatment, following the rupture of an aneurysm. She was treated successfully with extracorporeal ...
Clevert Dirk A - - 2013
The standard of care for the initial diagnosis of carotid artery bifurcation diseases is carotid duplex ultrasound. Carotid abnormalities or difficult examinations may represent a diagnostic challenge in patients with clinical symptoms as well as in the follow-up after carotid endarterectomy, carotid artery stenting or other interventions. A promising new ...
Yoshimatsu G - - 2013
To improve the function of the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) bioartificial pancreas, we focused on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). We examined whether the function of PVA-encapsulated rat islets could be improved by coencapsulation with syngeneic MSCs. We macroencapsulated 1,500 rat islet equivalents (IEQ) with or without 1 × 10(6) ...
Jeng K-S - - 2013
Early detection of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) to give the appropriate therapy in time is crucial. Angiography remains the golden standard to diagnose BCS. However, to establish the diagnosis of BCS in complicated cirrhotic patients remains a challenge. We used maximum intensity projection (Max IP) and minimum intensity projection (Min IP) ...
Yang Hua - - 2013
Currently, all the diagnostic indicators for endometriosis lack perfect sensitivity and specificity. According to the characteristic of endometriosis, we analyzed the new biomarker neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the combination of NLR and serum CA-125 to investigate their diagnostic value for identifying stages III and IV endometriosis. The values of serum ...
Guo Yi-Hong - - 2013
To evaluate the safety of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with epididymal or testicular sperm, this study compared children born after ICSI treatment with epididymal or testicular sperm with children conceived after ICSI with ejaculated sperm. This retrospective study included 317 children born after ICSI with percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA), ...
Brumitt Jason - - 2013
Functional tests have been used primarily to assess an athlete's fitness or readiness to return to sport. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine the ability of the standing long jump (SLJ) test, the single-leg hop (SLH) for distance test, and the lower extremity functional test (LEFT) ...
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