Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1553
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Chen Hui - - 2013
This study aimed to identify biochemical predictors of adverse perinatal outcomes in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). A total of 106 ICP cases were analyzed retrospectively by the combination of receiver operating characteristic curve and binary logistic regression analysis. "Adverse perinatal outcomes" included spontaneous preterm labor, meconium-staining of amniotic fluid, ...
Chen Xin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography for the diagnosis of congenital aortic arch anomalies and present the radiological images of congenital aortic arch anomalies in Chinese children. MDCT angiography and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) were applied for the diagnosis of congenital ...
Ryu Young-Joon - - 2013
Efficient management of human tissue samples is a critical issue; the supply of samples is unable to satisfy the current demands for research. Lack of informed consent is also an ethical problem. One of the goals of the 2012 revision of Korea's Bioethics and Safety Act was to implement regulations ...
Rim Tyler Hyung Taek - - 2013
This cross-sectional study was done to identify and determine the socio-demographic and health-related factors associated with diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy screening in Korea. Participants included 2,660 adults, aged 40 or older, with diabetes. Of the 2,660 adults, 998 (37%) and 1,226 (46.1%) had received a diabetic retinopathy and a nephropathy ...
Rhee Sang Youl - - 2013
It has been suggested that there is an association between environmental, low-level arsenic exposure and the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM), but little research has been conducted. Here, the glucose tolerance status and urinary creatinine adjusted total arsenic concentrations were analyzed in 3,602 subjects ≥ 20 yr of age who ...
Suh Sang-Yeon - - 2013
The relationship between smoking and nutrient intake has been widely investigated in several countries. However, Korea presents a population with a smoking rate of approximately 50% and dietary consumption of unique foods. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association of dietary patterns with smoking in Korean ...
Yoo Kwang Ha - - 2013
This study was performed to estimate the direct medical costs and epidemiology of pneumonia in adults of Korea. We conducted a multi-center, retrospective, observational study and collected data targeting for community-acquired pneumonia patients ( ≥ 50 yr) from 11 hospitals. Costs attributable to the treatment of pneumonia were estimated by ...
Bae Jong-Myon - - 2013
Authors evaluated pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) history as a risk factor for lung cancer in current male smokers in a prospective, population-based cohort study. The subjects were the 7,009 males among the participants in the Seoul Male Cancer Cohort Study for whom there was full information on PTB history and smoking ...
Seo Joo Youn - - 2013
This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in the Korean population. Participants were recruited from five referral hospitals across the country in 2007 and from 11 hospitals in 2009. Patients with positive anti-HAV IgM antibody tests became the case group, while ...
Lee Eun - - 2013
Interstitial lung disease in children (chILD) is a group of disorders characterized by lung inflammation and interstitial fibrosis. In the past recent years, we noted an outbreak of child in Korea, which is possibly associated with inhalation toxicity. Here, we report a series of cases involving toxic inhalational injury-associated chILD ...
Park Hye Won - - 2013
The aims of this study were to investigate whether early arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) could define the severity of disease in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We conducted a retrospective study over a 21-yr period of infants diagnosed with CDH. Outcomes were defined as death before discharge, and ...
Minn Yang-Ki - - 2013
Periodontal disease is a predictor of stroke and cognitive impairment. The association between the number of lost teeth (an indicator of periodontal disease) and silent infarcts and cerebral white matter changes on brain CT was investigated in community-dwelling adults without dementia or stroke. Dental examination and CT were performed in ...
Chen Cheng-Hsu - - 2013
Renal transplant is the preferred treatment for patients with uremia. The renal transplant procedure is well established with a high success rate, but surgical complications are encountered occasionally. We report a case of sudden onset of anuria of the graft kidney owing to acute external iliac artery dissection diagnosed by ...
Wortsman Ximena - - 2013
Nowadays, there are several applications of ultrasound in the field of dermatology, and the numbers continue to grow. This imaging technique can allow the study of the skin, the nail, and even the hair. The objective of this review is to provide an insight into the reasons for performing this ...
Zengel P - - 2013
Ultrasound examination is the imaging procedure with the best predictive diagnostic capability for the salivary glands. Due to the salivary glands' relatively superficial anatomical location, clear boundary from surrounding tissue and comparatively typical echogenicity, therefore sonography is ideal for diagnosis. In addition, the technical advances in recent years, including higher ...
Patel Bhavik N - - 2013
Ultrasound of the thyroid has become increasingly common, with evaluation of thyroid nodules representing the main indication for its use. While detection of thyroid nodules with modern high-resolution sonographic equipment is generally not a challenge, pitfalls may occur by which normal structures or pathology in neighboring organs are mistaken for ...
Appelbaum Liat - - 2013
Scrotal ultrasound (US) is the technique of choice for imaging the scrotal contents. US is widely used in the characterization of scrotal pathologies as a supplement to the clinical examination. Modern US equipment, precise technical performance, and knowledge of sonographic anatomy and pathology, as in any US examination, are the ...
Foltys D - - 2013
The Achilles heel of liver transplantation remains the biliary system. The crucial step for liver preservation is effective rinsing and perfusion of the peribiliary plexus (PBP). Due to the physiology of the vascular tree, it seems almost impossible to achieve the necessary physiologic ranges of pressure and flow by the ...
Wei W - - 2013
Chronic allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a typical feature of chronic rejection of small bowel transplantations (SBTx). Our previous studies revealed that feeding fish oil, a natural source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), protected against CAV. The underlying mechanism remains to be clarified. The pathway mediated by the receptor for ...
Kwak H-H - - 2013
Alloantigen recognition in skin transplantation is the bane for surgeons. Several studies have mainly focused on the immunogenicity of major histocompatibility (MHC) antigens and H-Y minor histocompatibility antigens. However, the roles of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encorded miHA have not been identified. Therefore, we sought to address the antigenicity of ...
Eun S-C - - 2013
Prevention of rejection in composite tissue allotransplantation without continuous immunosuppression is of paramount importance in the field of transplantation. Recently dendritic cells (DCs) have gained considerable attention as antigen-presenting cells that are also capable of tolerance induction. This study assessed the effect of interleukin (IL)-10-supplemented, alloantigen-pulsed immature tolerogenic DC to ...
Wang H - - 2013
Induced regulatory T cells (iTreg) are a heterogeneous T-cell subset that is induced during an allo-response and down-regulates the immune response. iTreg are commonly characterized as CD4(+)CD25(high), CD4(+)CD25(high)FoxP3(+), CD4(+)CD25(high)CD127(-), or CD4(+)CD25(high)FoxP3(+)CD127(-) peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). In the present study, we investigated the overlap of these 4 phenotypically determined iTreg subsets ...
Noyan F - - 2013
CD4(+)CD25highFOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) can control allospecific immune responses in vitro and in titrated lymphopenic transplantation models. However, under non-lymphopenic conditions, as seen in patients with autoimmune diseases or after organ transplantation, polyspecific Tregs so far have been largely ineffective to control immune responses in animal models. Yet currently ...
Liu H - - 2013
Allogeneic liver transplantation induces spontaneous tolerance in mice without a requirement for immunosuppression. The underling mechanisms remain unclear. Our recent studies indicated that Foxp3(+)CD25(+)CD4(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells play an important role in the induction of spontaneous transplant tolerance. How Treg cells are induced and their functional mechanisms to regulate ...
He S - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus, a disease of metabolic dysregulation, is characterized by inappropriate hyperglycemia resulting from progressive loss of insulin secretion or action. The potential of nonhuman primate (NHP) models in diabetes research has been well understood. NHPs have long been regarded as the "gold standard" for preclinical studies. However, there are ...
Yoshimatsu G - - 2013
To improve the function of the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) bioartificial pancreas, we focused on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). We examined whether the function of PVA-encapsulated rat islets could be improved by coencapsulation with syngeneic MSCs. We macroencapsulated 1,500 rat islet equivalents (IEQ) with or without 1 × 10(6) ...
Härmä M - - 2013
Human herpesvirus (HHV)-6, comprised of HHV-6A and HHV-6B, belongs to the betaherpesviruses that infect 95%-100% of humans. Primary infection, known as exanthema subitum, occurs in early childhood. Reactivations of latent HHV-6, mostly HHV-6B, are common after liver transplantation. The vast majority of them are asymptomatic; in a minority of cases, ...
Kim K M - - 2013
Mixed venous saturation (SvO2) reflects the balance between oxygen delivery and consumption throughout the body. A multifunction pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) can monitor continuous SvO2 after in vitro calibration (CSvO2), obviating the need for in vivo calibration with pulmonary arterial blood. In critically ill patients CSvO2 has shown a good ...
Perrakis A - - 2013
Acute cellular and chronic graft rejection are major disorders in the postoperative setting after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). An immediate diagnosis and successful therapy are essential for graft survival. We sought to determine whether quantitative and qualitative analysis of Doppler sonography data was predictive and sensitive as noninvasive diagnostic tools ...
Alvaro E - - 2013
Sexual and reproductive abnormalities affect up to 50% patients with terminal liver failure. However, these functions recover quickly after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Thus, 80%-90% of OLT women of childbearing age recover menstruation within a few months after transplantation. The aim of our study was to analyze the impact of ...
Ueno T - - 2013
Prolonged-release tacrolimus allows for once-daily dosing. Although many adult recipients have been switched from standard tacrolimus, prolonged-release tacrolimus has not been popular for pediatric patients despite the potential benefits for medication compliance. We report on prolonged-release tacrolimus for 11 pediatric living related donor liver transplant (LRDLT) recipients. Patients under 18 ...
Junge G - - 2013
Everolimus (EVR) is a semi-synthetic mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor currently under development for liver transplantation (LTx) in combination with reduced exposure tacrolimus (rTAC). The relative potency of EVR was assessed in order to generate evidence for concomitant EVR+rTAC exposure in LTx recipients (LTxR). Twelve month data from study H2304 ...
Miyagi S - - 2013
In liver transplantation, microsurgical reconstruction of a hepatic artery is essential but requires challenging techniques. Especially in living-donor liver transplantation, the recipient artery is short and located deep in the abdominal cavity. Furthermore, hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) can be a lethal complication. This study sought to uncover the risk factors ...
Magalhães G S - - 2013
Human herpesvirus (HHV) 6 infections and reactivation are emerging factors in neurology. This study aimed to verify the presence of encephalitis associated with HHV-6 positivity by antigenemia or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in liver transplant recipients. We analyzed the medical records and laboratory results of 20 recipients with antigenemia or ...
Gioviale M C - - 2013
Exogenous insulin is, at the moment, the therapy of choice of diabetes, but does not allow tight regulation of glucose leading to long-term complications. Recently, pancreatic islet transplantation to reconstitute insulin-producing β cells, has emerged as an alternative promising therapeutic approach. Unfortunately, the number of donor islets is too low ...
Weiner X - - 2013
Background: There are a variety of surgical strategies for the treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar vertebral fractures. There is still no proof for the superiority of any strategy concerning clinical or radiological outcomes. The aim of this study was the evaluation of residual complaints and correlation with radiological findings. Patients and ...
Jung S - - 2013
Introduction: The German tissue law creates a different and more difficult situation for German musculoskeletal tissue banks. The objective aim of the new regulations was an increased safety and a reduction of viral and non-viral disease transmissions. In the authors' case, the government officials demanded a thermodisinfection for human femur ...
Greenberg A - - 2013
Desensitization before HLA antibody-incompatible (HLAi) transplantation involves nonspecific apheresis of HLA antibodies. Clotting factors and albumin are also removed and have to be replaced. This makes transplantation difficult because it increases the risk of bleeding. Such risk is further compounded when certain blood products are refused on religious grounds. We ...
Marada T - - 2013
Perfluorohexyloctane (PFH) is a promising storage solution that has been successfully used for pancreas preservation before islet isolation. This hyperoxygen carrier has been designed to prevent ischemic injury to the pancreas graft during cold storage. In our storage, we aimed to evaluate the impact of this solution on long-term cold ...
Partsakhashvili D - - 2013
The impact of denervation and delymphatization (DD) on liver tissue remains a topic of major interest in liver transplantation, as the organ or its part continues to function well. Various chemical and/or surgical interventions have been developed to achieve in situ liver denervation and delymphatization, but it is evident that ...
Shimizu H - - 2013
We established a procedure to engineer therapeutic neo-islets in subcutaneous spaces in mice by transplanting contiguous layers of islet cell sheets. In this study, we investigated the cellular arrangements of α and β within these engineered neo-islets in vivo as a function of time after sheet transplantation. Temperature-responsive culture dishes ...
Baas M C - - 2013
We previously demonstrated the ability of CD3-specific antibodies (Abs) to induce tolerance of fully mismatched pancreatic islets when administered at the time of effector T-cell priming (day +7). When administered on day -1, CD3 Abs only displayed an immunosuppressive effect with no permanent acceptance. Here we show that rejection correlates ...
Kornberg A - - 2013
Locoregional interventional bridging treatment (IBT) before liver transplantation (LT) is an accepted neoadjuvant approach in liver transplant patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the effect of postinterventional tumor necrosis on posttransplantation outcome is known. A total of 93 consecutive liver transplant patients with HCC were included in this prospective trial. ...
Sato K - - 2013
Intraoperative blood loss (IBL) usually predominates during the dissection of the native liver. A right-lobe living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) sometimes requires an additional procedure to obtain an autologous vein from the recipient for the vascular reconstruction. These procedure can sometime contribute to progressive coagulopathy causing unexpected bleeding. Therefore, we ...
Moon D B - - 2013
For the first time at Asan Medical Center (AMC) we performed more than 400 liver transplantations (LTs) per year in 2011, despite same number of living donor liver transplantations (LDLTs). Our OLT program was started in 1992, but not activated well due to the scarcity of deceased donor organs. Since ...
Gaudio M Del - - 2013
Combined liver-kidney transplantation (LKT) is considered to be a safe procedure, but the appropriate immunosuppressive regimen is unclear. Between January 1997 and October 2011, 55 patients were listed for LKT: 45 (82%) were effectively transplanted, 5 (9.2%) died whereon here the waiting list, 3 (5.5%) temporarily out of waiting list, ...
Koc-Zorawska E - - 2013
VAP-1 (vascular adhesion protein-1) is a copper-containing SSAO (semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase) secreted by vascular smooth muscle cells, adipocytes, and endothelial cells. Elevation of SSAO activity is observed in atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. The aim of the study was to assess VAP-1 in prevalent heart and kidney allograft recipients. Complete ...
Ono M - - 2013
Contemporary continuous-flow ventricular assist devices (CFVADs) have greatly improved patient survival for indications of bridge to transplantation (BTT) and destination therapy. In Japan, CFVAD is limited for BTT use. The waiting period for heart transplantation (HT) is long owing to donor shortage. We examined the results of CFVAD for BTT ...
Ueno T - - 2013
Intestinal motility disorders are a major cause of intestinal failure. Severe cases such as idiopathic pseudo-obstruction represent life-threatening illnessed. Intestinal transplantation is a treatment for severe motility disorders with irreversible intestinal failure. However, the prevalence of severe motility disorders is unknown. We performed a national survey to identify patients with ...
Lauro A - - 2013
Steroid-resistant acute cellular rejection (ACR) and chronic rejection (CR) are still major concerns after intestinal transplantation. We report our experience from a single center on 48 adults recipients using 49 grafts from 2001 to 2011, immunosuppressing them initially with daclizumab initially and later Alemtuzumab. Overall patient survival was 41.9% at ...
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