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Results 351 - 400 of 1555
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Wang H - - 2013
CD4(+) CD25(+) FoxP3(+) T-regulatory cells (Treg) and CD3(+) CD8(+) CD28(-) T-suppressor cells (Ts) were shown to have immunosuppressive function in vivo and in vitro. However, the in vitro inducibility of Ts subsets is rather unclear. We investigated the induction of Treg and Ts subsets in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of ...
Hacke K K Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2013
We have recently developed a novel and highly efficient strategy that exclusively uses the purine analog 6-thioguanine (6TG) for both pretransplantation conditioning and post-transplantation chemoselection of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT)-deficient bone marrow (BM). In a mouse BM transplantation model, combined 6TG preconditioning and in vivo chemoselection consistently achieved >95% engraftment of ...
Tu Yun Shu - - 2013
To describe ocular phenotypic features in Chinese families with primary angle closure (PAC). Prospective cohort study. 428 individuals of 103 eligible families. Probands identified in clinic and their relatives were examined. Measurements included intraocular pressure, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, axial length, and gonioscopic features related to the anterior chamber ...
Sun Yi - - 2013
Turbulent shear stress (TSS) plays an important role in the research of fluid dynamics of heart valves. This study aimed to perform a quantitative study of TSS downstream of porcine artificial mitral valves in order to verify the correlation of hot-film anemometry (HFA) and Doppler echocardiography combined with computer-aided image ...
Akinleye Sheriff D - - 2013
With an increasing number of pre-adolescents participating in sports, anterior cruciate ligament injuries and resultant reconstruction in the skeletally immature athlete are becoming more common. Many different surgical techniques and rehabilitation protocols have been proposed for the treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, but there is a lack of ...
Xiong Wei - - 2013
To determine whether the microRNAs (miRNAs) contained in cancer-derived microvesicles (MVs) mirror those of the parental tumor cells, we compared the miRNA expression profiles of MVs derived from their parental hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The presence and levels of 888 miRNAs from SMMC-7721 cells and MVs were detected by Agilent ...
Kim Su Wan - - 2013
While a diaphragmatic rupture commonly results from trauma to the abdomen and chest, a spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture is very rare. A 68-year-old male presented with chest pain that had originated while doing farm work in a squatting position. Images revealed a 5 cm defect of the left diaphragmatic dome, and ...
Obara H - - 2013
Organ preservation using machine perfusion is an effective method compared with conventional preservation techniques using static cold storage. A newly developed MP preservation system to control perfusate temperatures from hypothermic to subnormothermic conditions is introduced. This system is useful not only for liver preservation, but also for evaluation of graft ...
Li Y - - 2013
To establish 2 models of long-term chronic allograft rejection (CR) of orthotopic small bowel transplantation (OSBT) using cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus (FK506). F344 and Lewis rats served as donors and recipients respectively for OSBT. In the study 1, the rat was administered CsA (5 mg/kg/d) intramuscularly from postoperative day (POD) ...
Lamattina J C - - 2013
Although the LigaSure device is widely used, its use in liver transplantation, where compounding factors of portal hypertension, coagulopathy, and thrombocytopenia exist, is poorly described. From October 1, 2011, to December 31, 2011, 6 patients underwent liver transplantation with recipient hepatectomy utilizing the LigaSure device. Outcomes using the device were ...
Wu Ke-Liang - - 2013
Embryo quality and receptivity of the endometrium are two factors that determine the results of in vitro fertilization/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET). There is no consensus of the optimal transfer strategy for normal responders or high responders. The current study aimed to find the optimal transfer strategy for different subgroups ...
Beutel Manfred E ME Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Centre, Mainz, Germany. - - 2013
To determine the effectiveness of manualized panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy (PFPP) in routine care in Germany. German psychoanalysts were trained according to the PFPP manual. Fifty-four consecutive outpatients with panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia) were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to PFPP or cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) plus exposure therapy. ...
Kim Jin Hee - - 2013
Lung cancer in never-smokers ranks as the seventh most common cause of cancer death worldwide, and the incidence of lung cancer in non-smoking Korean women appears to be steadily increasing. To identify the effect of genetic polymorphisms on lung cancer risk in non-smoking Korean women, we conducted a genome-wide association ...
Appelbaum Liat - - 2013
Scrotal ultrasound (US) is the technique of choice for imaging the scrotal contents. US is widely used in the characterization of scrotal pathologies as a supplement to the clinical examination. Modern US equipment, precise technical performance, and knowledge of sonographic anatomy and pathology, as in any US examination, are the ...
Wong Carmen M CM Regenerative Medicine Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8L6, - - 2013
Vectors based on adenovirus (Ad) are one of the most commonly utilized platforms for gene delivery to cells in molecular biology studies and in gene therapy applications. Ad is also the most popular vector system in human clinical gene therapy trials, largely due to its advantageous characteristics such as high ...
Miyagi S - - 2013
On March 11, 2011, our hospital was severely damaged by the Great East Japan Earthquake. We report the rare case of a 5-month-old patient with hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), who survived the earthquake that occurred 3 days after the reoperation; we were able to ...
Roy Rupak - - 2013
To report the clinical profile and drug sensitivity patterns in Citrobacter endophthalmitis. Retrospective interventional case series. Retrospective analysis of all the cases of Citrobacter endophthalmitis presenting to a tertiary referral ophthalmic centre in eastern India from January 2009 to December 2011 was done. Five cases were included in the study. ...
Nardi B - - 2013
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common disorder during adolescence and it is associated with an increased risk of suicide, poor school performance, impaired social skills, social withdrawal and substance abuse. Further, as many depressive episode in adolescents do not reach the diagnostic threshold for MDD, the disorder remains undetected. ...
Boyle Kyndall L - - 2013
Lumbopelvic-femoral conditions are common and may be associated with asymmetrical musculoskeletal and respiratory impairments and postural mal-alignment called a Left Anterior Interior Chain (AIC) pattern. An inherent pattern of asymmetry involves the trunk/ribs/spine/pelvis/hip joints and includes the tendency to stand on the right leg and shift the center of gravity ...
Kezic A - - 2013
Kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is associated with a robust inflammatory response, which is regulated by nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), mainly its heterodimeric form p65/p50. Considering immunomodulatory properties of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, the effect of everolimus on NF-κB activation in kidney IRI was determined in this study. IRI was ...
Ates M - - 2013
Right-lobe living-donor liver transplantation (RLDLT) is an excellent option to reduce donor shortages for adult patients with acute liver failure (ALF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the etiologies and outcomes of 30 consecutive adult patients who underwent emergency RLDLT for ALF. Between January 2007 and September 2011, ...
Orbach A - - 2013
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a deadly complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Timely diagnosis is critical, because mortality rates for GVHD are high, increasing with disease severity. A diagnostic tool to predict GVHD before the onset of clinical symptoms could save many lives. On the cellular level, GVHD occurs ...
Qi Qing-Wei - - 2013
The incidence of autosomal trisomy in livebirths is strongly dependent on maternal age. Special consideration is given to the provision of prenatal screening and cytogenetic testing to women of advanced maternal age (AMA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of second trimester prenatal screening and amniocentesis ...
Ke Xian-Jun - - 2013
This study was carried out to investigate the role of intrinsic neuroprotective mechanisms in the occurrence and development of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) with the goal of providing a target for the treatment and prevention of VCI. Inpatients with proven cerebral infarction on cranial computed tomography (CT) were recruited as ...
Lee Seokkee - - 2013
This study focused on the association between preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin 19 fragment (Cyfra 21-1) levels and pathologic parameters in patients with resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The records of 527 patients who underwent pulmonary resection of NSCLC were reviewed. The association between preoperative serum CEA and ...
Wei W - - 2013
Chronic allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a typical feature of chronic rejection of small bowel transplantations (SBTx). Our previous studies revealed that feeding fish oil, a natural source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), protected against CAV. The underlying mechanism remains to be clarified. The pathway mediated by the receptor for ...
Baas M C - - 2013
We previously demonstrated the ability of CD3-specific antibodies (Abs) to induce tolerance of fully mismatched pancreatic islets when administered at the time of effector T-cell priming (day +7). When administered on day -1, CD3 Abs only displayed an immunosuppressive effect with no permanent acceptance. Here we show that rejection correlates ...
Magalhães G S - - 2013
Human herpesvirus (HHV) 6 infections and reactivation are emerging factors in neurology. This study aimed to verify the presence of encephalitis associated with HHV-6 positivity by antigenemia or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in liver transplant recipients. We analyzed the medical records and laboratory results of 20 recipients with antigenemia or ...
Guo Hui - - 2013
The most critical mechanism governing drug resistance in Candida albicans (C. albicans) involves efflux pumps, the functionality of which largely depends on energy metabolism. Alcohol dehydrogenase I (ADH1) plays an important role in intracellular energy metabolism. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between ADH1 and drug ...
Kuyumcu M E - - 2013
Zinc is one of the most important elements for human body. Zinc deficiency can occur in any age, if it is seen in elderly its clinical results can be more harmful due to already diminished functions. Some studies showed zinc deficiency has an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer ...
Qiao Yuan - - 2013
This paper aimed to study the ability of baicalein to block human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVT) and its effect on the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) expression in HCMV-infected EVT in vitro. A human trophoblast cell line (HPT-8) was chosen in this study. HCMV with 100 TCID50 was ...
Akbulut Sami - - 2013
Although rare, major congenital defects of the hepatic veins are detectable at autopsy, advanced, noninvasive imaging techniques such as Doppler ultrasonography and multislice computed tomography can accurately define these anomalies. One of these anomalies is congenital absence of the main right hepatic vein. We present a 21-year-old woman living-liver donor ...
Shimizu A - - 2013
The category of chronic antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is not included in Banff schema for liver allograft rejection. In the present study, we examined the pathology of chronic rejection using rat liver transplantation. Orthotopic liver transplantation from Lewis to BN rats was performed without immunosuppression, and with or without HA reconstruction. ...
Tan Song - - 2013
The Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) was shown to be a reliable and valid measurement for patients with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). The Brazilian version and the Japanese version of SARA were favorable for good reliability and validity. This study aimed to translate SARA into Chinese and ...
Lee Kang Nyeong - - 2013
Whether hydrogen and methane gas produced during lactulose breath test (LBT) are associated with symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not determined. We aimed to investigate whether hydrogen and methane on LBT are associated with IBS symptoms. Sixty-eight IBS patients meeting the Rome III criteria for IBS, and 55 ...
Lauro A - - 2013
Steroid-resistant acute cellular rejection (ACR) and chronic rejection (CR) are still major concerns after intestinal transplantation. We report our experience from a single center on 48 adults recipients using 49 grafts from 2001 to 2011, immunosuppressing them initially with daclizumab initially and later Alemtuzumab. Overall patient survival was 41.9% at ...
Rim Tyler Hyung Taek - - 2013
This cross-sectional study was done to identify and determine the socio-demographic and health-related factors associated with diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy screening in Korea. Participants included 2,660 adults, aged 40 or older, with diabetes. Of the 2,660 adults, 998 (37%) and 1,226 (46.1%) had received a diabetic retinopathy and a nephropathy ...
Shin Min-Ho - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism and bone mineral density (BMD). Two large cohort studies were performed: the Dong-gu Study (3,621 men and 5,409 women) and the Namwon Study (3,703 men and 5,672 women). We assessed lumbar spine and ...
Candelaria Rosalind P - - 2013
Breast ultrasound plays a major role in the identification, diagnosis, and staging of breast cancer. Gray-scale (brightness mode) is the most common form of ultrasound used in breast imaging (BI); newer techniques such as harmonic imaging, Doppler imaging, three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound, and elasticity imaging have also been employed. Breast lesions ...
Di Iorio G - - 2013
We report a case with refractory insomnia. We diagnosed her case as depression with high levels of anxiety, weakness, with diminished ability to think or concentrate and with a sensory-motor disorder. Although this last symptom was very distressing, it did not satisfy the criteria for RLS (Restless Legs Syndrome). After ...
Minn Yang-Ki - - 2013
Periodontal disease is a predictor of stroke and cognitive impairment. The association between the number of lost teeth (an indicator of periodontal disease) and silent infarcts and cerebral white matter changes on brain CT was investigated in community-dwelling adults without dementia or stroke. Dental examination and CT were performed in ...
Cassini M F - - 2013
Damage provoked by ischemia in renal transplants is difficult to quantify. To determine whether a donated organ is fit for transplantation. We sought to correlate the findings of fluorescence spectroscopy (FS) with histologic evidence of ischemic injury and organ viability. Kidneys of 33 rats were submitted to FS of the ...
Perrakis A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of preoperative, perioperative, and long-term treatment in liver transplant (OLT) patients suffering hepatitis B (HBV)-induced liver disease, in terms of graft and survivals as well as disease recurrence. We reviewed the medical records of 19 HBV-infected patients who underwent OLT ...
Liu Cheng-Hu - - 2013
The best age for the arterial switch operation (ASO) in complete transposition of great arteries with ventricular septal defect is usually considered to be within six months. This is because of severe pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary arterial obstructive pathological changes. There are few reports on ASO surgery in children ...
Cao H - - 2013
Recently, type II collagen (CII) was found to be effective clinically for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the molecular properties of CII could be changed during the preparation process. In the present study, we isolated CII from chick sternal cartilage and studied the structural characteristics of purified CII. Pepsin-solubilized ...
Nunnari G - - 2013
After starting highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV-infected patients may experience what is termed immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). IRIS is characterized by a paradoxical inflammatory response to either previously or recently treated infections or unmasked subclinical infections, when the patient regains the ability to mount a suitable immune response ...
Wang Zhi-Sen - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the therapeutical effects of Rhodiola rosea extract on rats with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN). The rat type 2 DN model was established by high fat and high calorie feeding and intravenous injection of streptozocin (STZ). Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group, control ...
Kanzler I - - 2013
ATG-Fresenius, a purified rabbit polyclonal anti-human T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin is used for induction immunosuppression as well as prevention and treatment of acute rejection episodes among patients receiving solid organ transplants. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro activity of ATG-Fresenius upon immune cell adhesion, which may explain ...
Fink B - - 2013
For revision of hip prostheses several standard and extended approaches can be used. The goal of these approaches is a good visualisation with minimal trauma of the bone and its vascularisation as well as of the muscles. Of the extended approaches we prefer the transfemoral approach in a modified technique. ...
Hong Jun - - 2013
Despite extensive research, the mechanism of immature dendritic cells (DCs) induced immune hyporesponsiveness remains incompletely understood. Recipient DCs from C3H mouse bone marrow cells were incubated with donor antigen from splenic lymphocytes of C57BL/6 mouse; these DCs were transfected with CD80/86 specific siRNA using lentiviral vectors. Flow cytometry was used ...
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