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Results 251 - 300 of 1553
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Ryoo Jae-Hong - - 2013
There have been many studies between serum uric acid (UA) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, as far as we know, little research has been done to examine the prospective association between serum UA and development of CKD in Korean men. This prospective cohort study was performed using 18,778 men ...
Park Song Youn - - 2013
Role of iron in hair loss is not clear yet. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between iron and hair loss. Retrospective chart review was conducted on patients with female pattern hair loss (FPHL) and male pattern hair loss (MPHL). All patients underwent screening including serum ...
Kim Seong-Ho - - 2013
Sustained stress can have numerous pathologic effects. There have been several animal models for chronic stress. We tried to identify the changes of pain threshold and hippocampus in a model of chronic stress. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were kept in a cage filled with 23℃ water to a height of 2.2 ...
Melandro Fabio - - 2013
Hepatic artery thrombosis represents a potentially deadly complication after a liver transplant. Portal vein arterialization recently has been proposed as a bridge approach in patients with hepatic artery thrombosis needing a retransplant. We report the case of a 53-year-old man treated with a liver transplant for a cryptogenetic cirrhosis. One ...
Delzell John E JE - - 2013
The etiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is chronic lung inflammation. In the United States, this inflammation most commonly is caused by smoking. COPD is diagnosed when an at-risk patient presents with respiratory symptoms and has irreversible airway obstruction indicated by a forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital ...
Delzell John E JE - - 2013
Exposure to environmental pollutants can have short- and long-term effects on lung health. Sources of air pollution include gases (eg, carbon monoxide, ozone) and particulate matter (eg, soot, dust). In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency regulates air pollution. Elevated ozone concentrations are associated with increases in lung-related hospitalizations ...
Qin Yao - - 2013
Abstract The present study examined, for the first time, the in vitro wound healing potential of chitosan green tea polyphenols (CGP) complex based on the activation of transglutaminase (TGM) genes in epidermal morphogenesis. Response surface methodology was applied to determine the optimal processing condition that gave maximum extraction of green ...
Castan Leniher - - 2013
Abstract This article presents a study of vanillin encapsulation inside multilamellar liposomes, with emphasis on the evaluation of antioxidant activity, the hemolytic effect, and the antisickling properties of these products. Egg phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol and egg phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol-1-O-decylglycerol liposomes were prepared by mechanical dispersion, all with vanillin included. Vesicles were characterized by determination ...
Giacomini Craig P - - 2013
Head and neck malignancies, including squamous cell carcinoma, lymphoma, and thyroid cancer, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and frequently present with cervical lymphadenopathy. Distinguishing normal from malignant lymph nodes is critical for accurate staging, prognosis, and determination of optimal therapeutic options. Gray-scale, power, and color Doppler ...
Supakul Nucharin - - 2013
Chest radiograph is the primary imaging modality for evaluation of chest pathology and computed tomography scan is typically performed when there is a need for better characterization of the pathology or for surgical planning. Ultrasound (US) is mainly used for the evaluation of pleural effusion. However, US can be used ...
Obara H - - 2013
Organ preservation using machine perfusion is an effective method compared with conventional preservation techniques using static cold storage. A newly developed MP preservation system to control perfusate temperatures from hypothermic to subnormothermic conditions is introduced. This system is useful not only for liver preservation, but also for evaluation of graft ...
Kezic A - - 2013
Kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is associated with a robust inflammatory response, which is regulated by nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), mainly its heterodimeric form p65/p50. Considering immunomodulatory properties of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, the effect of everolimus on NF-κB activation in kidney IRI was determined in this study. IRI was ...
Cassini M F - - 2013
Damage provoked by ischemia in renal transplants is difficult to quantify. To determine whether a donated organ is fit for transplantation. We sought to correlate the findings of fluorescence spectroscopy (FS) with histologic evidence of ischemic injury and organ viability. Kidneys of 33 rats were submitted to FS of the ...
Caban A - - 2013
The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of perfusion with HTK (histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate, Custodiol®, Dr. Franz Kohler Chemie, Germany) solution, modified by the addition of porcine thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and corticotropin (ACTH), on selected biochemical parameters of porcine renal damage within 24 and 48 hours after the onset ...
Gioviale M C - - 2013
Marginal donors represent a poorly utilized source of organs for transplantation despite their availability. The key is to reduce the ischemic damage in the effort to improve organ quality. This study investigated the histologic effects after in situ perfusion of preservation with a two-layer method compared with the classic University ...
Legare Marie Eve - - 2013
To compare combined intrastromal corneal ring segment implantation with same-day ultraviolet-A/riboflavin corneal collagen cross-linking (ICRS-CXL) versus ICRS implantation alone in patients with corneal ectasia. Retrospective comparative study. Sixty-six eyes from 54 patients with corneal ectasia were included in the study. The groups were composed of 32 eyes from 27 patients ...
Tu Yun Shu - - 2013
To describe ocular phenotypic features in Chinese families with primary angle closure (PAC). Prospective cohort study. 428 individuals of 103 eligible families. Probands identified in clinic and their relatives were examined. Measurements included intraocular pressure, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, axial length, and gonioscopic features related to the anterior chamber ...
Khayami Shahrzad - - 2013
Digit sucking is a habit that occurs in childhood and can lead to malocclusion if it persists for a long time. Understanding the cause and available management approaches for habit cessation can lead to more positive outcomes for clinicians, parents and children alike. Increasing clinicians' awareness of the causes and ...
Wang Wan-Hai - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) may play an important role in immunopathology during HIV-1 infection. Transcription factor forkhead box P3 (FoxP3) orchestrates the development of Tregs and is a useful marker to identify this population. Using a FoxP3 phenotype to define Tregs, we investigated the level and phenotype of peripheral blood ...
Tian Feng - - 2013
The vessel healing in patients with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) that form after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is not clear. This study aims to assess the vessel healing in patients with CAA formation after DES implanation. From June 2008 to August 2011, follow-up coronary angiography was conducted on 1160 patients ...
Wu Zhong - - 2013
Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) for massive splenomegaly is more technically challenging than for a normal-sized spleen. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of operative experience on perioperative outcomes of LS for massive splenomegaly. Between January 2008 and December 2010, 36 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with massive ...
Jin Qi-Hui - - 2013
Plasma galectin-3, a mediator of fibrogenesis and inflammation, its potential to associate with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is poorly investigated. Here, we explored its interaction with the serum galectin-3 and vascular complications. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey in Zhejiang, China involving 165 men and 119 women (age range, 43 ...
Wu Ke-Liang - - 2013
Embryo quality and receptivity of the endometrium are two factors that determine the results of in vitro fertilization/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET). There is no consensus of the optimal transfer strategy for normal responders or high responders. The current study aimed to find the optimal transfer strategy for different subgroups ...
Pang Yan-Li - - 2013
Hepatoblastoma (HB) is a rare childhood tumor. We investigated the effect of intraoperative management of the intrahepatic major vessels in children with HB. Between April 2005 and August 2012, surgical resection was performed on 50 children with hepatoblastoma. These children were divided into a vessel-ligation group (n = 20) and ...
Li Xiu-Min - - 2013
The emergence of bacterial resistance to commonly used antibiotics, such as macrolides, is complicating the management of respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Telithromycin, a ketolide antimicrobial structurally related to macrolides, is approved for the treatment of community-acquired RTIs, and shows lower pathogen resistance rates. The purpose of this study was to ...
Han T - - 2013
Hhigh mortality of the severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is caused by the damage of intestinal mucosal barrier. Glutamine (Gln) has been used to protect the intestinal mucosal barrier in the treatments of many severe diseases. To explore the impact of glutamine on the apoptosis of intestinal mucosa and Bax expression ...
Ambrosch Andreas - - 2013
Infection is a major cause of the diabetic foot syndrome being aggravating by the increased burden of multiresistant germs like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Maximizing positive outcome for serious MRSA infections requires an aggressive treatment approach and a careful monitoring of the healing process. Therefore, we examined 8 patients with ...
Feng Shu-Hong - - 2013
The objective was to study risk factors and gene type of DF patients infected with MRSA. A total of 429 DF patients were recruited. The patients with S aureus infections were divided into MRSA and MSSA groups. MRSA were genotyped by SCCmec. pvl and lukE-lukD were detected. A total of ...
Ravitz Paula - - 2013
Objective: To address the gaps between need and access, and between treatment guidelines and their implementation for mental illness, through capacity building of front-line health workers. Methods: Following a learning needs assessment, work-based continuing education courses in evidence-supported psychotherapies were developed for front-line workers in underserviced community settings. The 5-hour ...
Cai Bao-Huan - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the association between surfactant protein B (SP-B) polymorphisms and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in Chinese Han infants. We performed a casecontrol study including 86 infants with BPD and 156 matched controls. Genotyping was performed by sequence specific primer-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and haplotypes were reconstructed by ...
Wang Lu - - 2013
The possible association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and chronic idiopathic neutropenia (CIN) was investigated. A total of 78 subjects with CIN were recruited in this case-control study. As a control group, 40 subjects without CIN were selected for comparison with the case group. All participants were evaluated for ...
Wang Zhi-Sen - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the therapeutical effects of Rhodiola rosea extract on rats with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN). The rat type 2 DN model was established by high fat and high calorie feeding and intravenous injection of streptozocin (STZ). Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group, control ...
Chen Ming-Fa - - 2013
The type I interferon and IFNAR play an important role in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and anti-HBV therapy. However, its mechanism of action is still poorly understood. To gain more insights into the role of type I interferon and type I interferon receptor (IFNAR) in HBV infection, we established ...
Chai Wei - - 2013
Preoperative planning of corrective osteotomy with traditional radiography has limitations in regards to determining the ideal osteotomy location and orientation in three-dimensional femoral deformities. Though a successful operation can be planned preoperatively, intraoperative contingencies might adhere to the procedural plan in the performance of operation. To efficiently perform a planned ...
Oh Tae Jung - - 2013
We investigated characteristics associated with the efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. We reviewed medical records of 477 patients who had taken sitagliptin or vildagliptin longer than 40 weeks. Response to DPP4i was evaluated with HbA1c change after therapy (ΔHbA1c). The Student's t-test ...
Lee Kang Nyeong - - 2013
Whether hydrogen and methane gas produced during lactulose breath test (LBT) are associated with symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not determined. We aimed to investigate whether hydrogen and methane on LBT are associated with IBS symptoms. Sixty-eight IBS patients meeting the Rome III criteria for IBS, and 55 ...
Kim Hyunsuk - - 2013
A 62-yr-old woman with an autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) was admitted to our hospital for further evaluation of intermittent fever, nausea and left flank discomfort. The computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a gas-forming, infectious cyst of approximately 8.1 cm in size in left kidney lower pole. Escherichia coli ...
Yoo Hongseok - - 2013
The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) rises markedly with age, and only a few cases have been reported in younger adults. Thrombophilia has been reported as one of the predisposing factors for PE in younger adults. Here we report an extraordinary case of PE complicated with dysplasminogenemia, a rare genetic ...
Prasad Narayan - - 2013
Despite increased use of diabetogenic immunosuppressive drugs and increased incidence of new-onset diabetes after transplant in renal allograft recipients, there are few case studies on the subject of de novo allograft diabetic nephropathy and interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy without specific glomerular changes. We sought to study the outcomes of allograft diabetic ...
Lloris Carsi José Miguel - - 2013
Pentoxifylline, a methylxanthine derivative with significant hemorheologic properties, is used for claudication in patients with peripheral vascular disease, and experimentally for ischemic injury to organs because of its antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects. We used a rat model of severe small intestinal ischemia and reperfusion to determine the ability of pentoxifylline ...
Akbulut Sami - - 2013
Although rare, major congenital defects of the hepatic veins are detectable at autopsy, advanced, noninvasive imaging techniques such as Doppler ultrasonography and multislice computed tomography can accurately define these anomalies. One of these anomalies is congenital absence of the main right hepatic vein. We present a 21-year-old woman living-liver donor ...
Delzell John E JE - - 2013
Asthma is a common respiratory disease that leads to school and work absenteeism, office and emergency department visits, hospitalization, and mortality. Dyspnea and wheezing are caused by airway inflammation. Asthma severity scores are used to predict the risk of exacerbations. Severity assessment instruments include questions about daytime and nighttime symptoms, ...
Jiang Bei - - 2013
Abstract Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the major cause of end-stage renal disease. Resveratrol has been shown to ameliorate hyperglycemia in diabetic rats. However, the effects of resveratrol on DN remain unknown. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of resveratrol on early-stage DN. Diabetes was induced ...
Bekir Jalila - - 2013
Abstract The chemical composition, antioxidant (DPPH and ABTS assays), anti-inflammatory (5-LOX), and cytotoxic (MCF-7) activities from flowers of seven pomegranate varieties (Punica granatum) were investigated. The highest phenolics (330.9±11.3 mg gallic acid equivalent/g dry weight (dw)), flavonoids (29.5±0.8 mg quercetin equivalent/g dw), tannins (30.6±0.6 mg catechin equivalent/g dw), and anthocyanins (0.70±0.03 mg cyanidin-3-glucoside equivalent/g ...
Clevert Dirk A - - 2013
The standard of care for the initial diagnosis of carotid artery bifurcation diseases is carotid duplex ultrasound. Carotid abnormalities or difficult examinations may represent a diagnostic challenge in patients with clinical symptoms as well as in the follow-up after carotid endarterectomy, carotid artery stenting or other interventions. A promising new ...
Candelaria Rosalind P - - 2013
Breast ultrasound plays a major role in the identification, diagnosis, and staging of breast cancer. Gray-scale (brightness mode) is the most common form of ultrasound used in breast imaging (BI); newer techniques such as harmonic imaging, Doppler imaging, three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound, and elasticity imaging have also been employed. Breast lesions ...
Shigeta T - - 2013
Utilization of grafts from donors after cardiac death (DCD) greatly expands the organ pool. However, implementation of such a strategy requires the development of novel preservation methods to achieve recovery from changes owing to warm ischemia. To assess potential methods, porcine livers harvested after 60 minutes of warm ischemic time ...
Hsu H C - - 2013
Warm ischemia (WI)-related injury interferes with recovery of primary hepatocyte after collagenase digestion of surgically resected or non-heart-beating donor livers as human cell sources. We speculated that digestion is impaired due to reduced microcirculation, caused by microembolism after WI. We sought to improve hepatocyte recovery after WI using a rat ...
Ko J S - - 2013
Apoptosis is a central mechanism of ischemic-reperfusion injury (IRI) to the liver. Among the methods to reduce IRI, ischemic preconditioning (IP) has been shown to confer protection. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine if IP conferred protection against hepatic IRI under isoflurane anesthesia in rats and to ...
Chkhaidze Z - - 2013
Blood is shunted from the inferior vena cava and portal vein to the superior vena caval system to prevent congestion in the lower parts of the body during the anhepatic phase (AP) of liver transplantation. It leads to overload in the superior vena caval system retarding cranial outflow due to ...
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