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Goswami Diganta - - 2013
India reports the highest number of malaria cases in Southeast Asia, of which Plasmodium falciparum contribute more than half of the cases every year. North eastern states of India contribute only 3.96% of country's population but account for >10% of total reported malaria cases, 11% of Plasmodium falciparum cases and ...
Akin Y - - 2013
Pediatric glans penis malformations, especially arteriovenous malformations (AVM), are very rare. Herein, we report two rare cases. A 14-year-old boy attended our outpatient clinic with chief complaints of purple swelling and rapidly growing lesion on the glans penis. The lesion was excised surgically after physical and radiological evaluations. Pathology reported ...
Pugalagiri Pavithra - - 2013
With the epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the clinical and histopathological features of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) became routine for most practicing surgical pathologists. The histological spectrum of KS broadened significantly over time and today a wide variety of rare histological variants are reported, but not widely recognized. Lymphangioma-like KS (LLKS) ...
Tokarz Sara A SA Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Meriter Hospital, Madison, WI 53715, - - 2013
Age-related differences in the expression of inflammatory cytokines in the inner ear may contribute to the development of age-related hearing loss (ARHL). ARHL is characterized by tissue remodeling, ischemia, ion homeostasis, and inflammation. Steroid therapy is an otoprotective strategy that likely acts by reducing inflammation. We examined age-related changes in ...
Gopal Kamakshi V - - 2013
It is well-known that musicians are at risk for music-induced hearing loss, however, systematic evaluation of music exposure and its effects on the auditory system are still difficult to assess. The purpose of the study was to determine if college students in jazz band-based instructional activity are exposed to loud ...
Chihara Yasuhiro - - 2013
Abstract Conclusions: Systemic desmopressin (dDAVP) administration in guinea pigs for up to 2 weeks induced only minor or no significant changes in cochlear sensitivity, suggesting that other factors may be required to induce the cochlear dysfunction that is usually associated with endolymphatic hydrops. Objectives: To investigate the effects of chronic ...
Soleimani-Ahmadi Moussa - - 2013
To determine the effects of environmental parameters of larval habitats on distribution and abundance of anopheline mosquitoes in Rudan county of Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted during the mosquito breeding season from February 2010 to October 2011. The anopheline larvae were collected using the standard dipping method. The specimens ...
Chen Guanming - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Otologic and audiologic abnormalities are both highly prevalent in Chinese children with skeletal dysplasias. Audiologic and otologic evaluations with medical intervention are recommended for these children. Objective: Children with skeletal dysplasia have a number of otolaryngologic issues including hearing loss. This study aimed to investigate the otologic and ...
Kumari Sweety - - 2013
To study the potential ameliorating properties of cardamom Elettaria cardamomum (E. cardamomum) L. Maton against pan masala induced damage in lung of male Swiss mice. The experimental animals were divided into 3 groups (control, pan masala treated group and pan masala with cardamom treated group) to evaluate pan masala toxicity. ...
Nwokediuko S C SC Department of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu State, Nigeria. - - 2013
Liver disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Its pattern varies in different geographical locations. This study aimed to determine the pattern and risk factors of liver disease in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. Retrospective Study Site: University of Nigeria teaching hospital Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu state, Nigeria. Case notes ...
Connolly Daniel M - - 2013
A poor acoustic environment in a school is known to negatively affect pupils' learning and achievement. This paper presents the design and findings of an online questionnaire survey of 11-16 year olds' impressions of their school's acoustic environment. A total of 2588 English secondary school pupils responded to the questionnaire. ...
Li Yun - - 2013
To determine whether alpha lipoic acid (LA) can effectively protect lenses from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cataract. Lens from adult Sprague-Dawley rats were cultured in 24-well plates and treated without or with 0.2 mM of H2O2, 0.2 mM of H2O2 plus 0.5 mM, 1.0 mM, or 2.0 mM of LA for ...
Okoye O - - 2013
Objective: The objective of this study is to present the 3 months results of pterygium excision with adjunctive amniotic membrane graft. Materials and Methods: In a non-comparative case series study, the medical records of all patients who had pterygium excision with adjunctive amniotic membrane transplant on bare sclera from December ...
Gaynor J William JW Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
The occurrence of an electroencephalographic (EEG) seizure after surgery for complex congenital heart defects has been associated with worse neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes. We previously identified postoperative seizures documented by 48-hour EEG monitoring in 11% of 178 neonates and infants. Evaluation at 1 year of age did not identify an adverse ...
Jeong Sung-Wook - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: The width of the bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC) and the size of the cochlear nerve are reliable predictors of long-term speech perception abilities for children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) after cochlear implantation (CI). In addition, electrical stapedial reflex (ESR) and electrical compound action potential (ECAP) ...
Harsha Sn - - 2013
To study anxiolytic property of hydro alchohol extract and to estimate polyphenols present in the extract by HPLC. To evaluate anxiolytic property two animal models were used viz. Elevated T maze and hyponeophagia. Diazepam (1 mg/kg body wt.) served as the standard anxiolytic agent for all the tests. The dried ...
Segovia Maikell M Universidad Central de Venezuela Instituto deMedicina Tropical, Caracas, - - 2013
Oral outbreaks of Chagas disease are increasingly reported in Latin America. The transitory presence of Trypanosoma cruzi parasites within contaminated foods, and the rapid consumption of those foods, precludes precise identification of outbreak origin. We report source attribution for 2 peri-urban oral outbreaks of Chagas disease in Venezuela via high ...
Roque Adriano L - - 2013
The literature investigated the effects of chronic baroque music auditory stimulation on the cardiovascular system. However, it lacks in the literature the acute effects of different styles of music on cardiac autonomic regulation. To evaluate the acute effects of baroque and heavy metal music on heart rate variability (HRV) in ...
Amu O C - - 2013
Objective: To determine the value of international prostate symptom scoring (IPSS) system in management of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Jos, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of 104 newly diagnosed patients with BPH from June 2006 to July 2007. Patients' symptoms were initially evaluated ...
Ibinaiye P O - - 2013
One of the most interesting congenital malformations to manage is a conjoined twin. Conjoined twins are rare occurrences in obstetric/pediatric practice. More commonly known as Siamese twins, this phenomenon is shrouded in mystery and considered a curiosity by general public. Current technology is lending a helping hand in the early ...
Kaeppler Gabriele - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine the clinical efficacy of maxillofacial cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for the diagnosis of suspected mandibular fractures and to evaluate whether findings would lead to a change in treatment. CBCT imaging was performed for 164 patients with suspected mandibular fractures (231 sites) but ...
Bae Myung Hwan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the value of a new Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) that includes consideration of QRS fragmentation (fQRS) as a predictor of cardiac events in patients undergoing noncardiac vascular surgery. Four hundred sixty-seven consecutive patients admitted for noncardiac vascular surgery were studied. Patients ...
Ejim E C EC Department of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria. - - 2013
Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is one of the most commonly performed cardiac investigations. It can provide comprehensive information about cardiac structure and function, helping to establish a diagnosis and guide therapy, and it is no longer the preserve of the specialist cardiology department. Previous studies on echocardiographic findings in our environment ...
Conley Colleen S - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This review is the first large-scale attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of universal promotion and prevention programs for higher education students on a range of adjustment outcomes. Participants/Methods: The current review examined 83 controlled interventions involving college, graduate, and professional students, with a focus on 3 main outcomes: ...
Nnaji G A GA Department of Family Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria. - - 2013
Premarital haemoglobin screening is an important strategy for the control of Sickle Cell Disease. To determine the prevalence and pattern of sickle cell disease among premarital couples and to assess their attitude to the risk of sickle cell anaemia in their offspring. A cross sectional descriptive study using interviewer administered ...
Di Guoqing - - 2013
Studies have reported that railway noise causes stress responses. To evaluate the effects of high-speed railway (HSR) noise on behaviors and plasma monoamines. Institute of cancer research mice were exposed to previously recorded HSR noise for 53 days. The noise was arranged according to the HSR's 24-h traffic number and ...
Kiddee Weerawat - - 2013
The use of intravitreal (IVT) corticosteroids for treatment of posterior segment diseases has increased significantly over the last decade. A commonly recognized complication of IVT steroids is secondary ocular hypertension (OHT) that can occur immediately secondary to direct intraocular volume increase or weeks to months later as a result of ...
Igbinedion B O BO Department of Radiology, University of Benin, Teaching Hospital, Benin, Edo, Nigeria. - - 2013
Reduction or increase in ocular volume may indicate ocular pathology. Unfortunately the reference values utilized for ocular volume had been that of non-Africans. It is therefore pertinent to have a reference value of normal for Africans. To document the computer tomography (CT) scan measured ocular volume in Benin City, which ...
Welch David - - 2013
Evidence is emerging linking environmental noise to health problems. Noise can affect health directly and indirectly: For example, noise sensitivity moderates the effects of noise annoyance, which in turn mediates the effects of noise exposure. An alternative hypothesis is that noise sensitivity marks the presence of susceptibility to health problems ...
Siegert Ralf - - 2013
Patients with air-bone-gaps that cannot be corrected successfully by tympanoplasty or with mixed hearing loss may be treated with bone conducting hearing aids. Their disadvantages are the obvious external fixation components or the biological and psychosocial problems of open implants. We have developed a new partially implantable Bone Conduction Hearing ...
Vohra Rupali - - 2013
Glaucoma is an ocular disorder characterized by the progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and their axons. There are various hypotheses concerning the cause of RGC death. Previously, glaucoma was defined by high intraocular pressure (IOP); during the past decade, however, glaucoma specialists have acknowledged that elevated IOP is ...
Mezue W C WC Department of Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria. - - 2013
Decompressive surgery is one of the available options in dealing with traumatic brain injury (TBI) when clinical and radiological evidence confirm that medical treatment may be insufficient. This can be achieved either by complete removal of the bone or by allowing it to float, but the indications and utility of ...
Piazza-Gardner Anna K - - 2013
Abstract "Drunkorexia" merges prior literature identifying positive relationships between (a) alcohol use/abuse and disordered eating/eating disorders, (b) alcohol use/abuse and physical activity, and (c) disordered eating/eating disorders and physical activity. The term, highlighting an individual's proactive and/or reactive weight management behaviors (ie, disordered eating, physical activity) in relation to alcohol ...
Rakholia R R Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India. - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of β thalassemia in Sindhi community of Wardha and evaluation of risk factors. To give genetic counseling to those diagnosed as carriers. Cross-sectional (prevalence study). Sindhi community residing in and around Wardha. 18 months. A total of 578 individuals belonging to Sindhi community residing in and ...
Meaney-Tavares Rebecca - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To analyze the efficacy of a pilot program, aimed at treating college students with borderline personality disorder (BPD) using short-term, modified group dialectical behavior therapy at an Australian college counseling service (CCS). Participants: Seventeen enrolled college students aged between 18 and 28 (76.5% female), with a diagnosis of ...
Yen Yung-Feng - - 2013
Abstract Background: Taiwan has a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic that has recently shifted to an increase among injection drug users (IDUs). IDUs co-infected with HIV and tuberculosis (TB) have a high risk of progression from latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) to active TB. Methods: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and ...
Bener Abdulbari - - 2013
Background: Recognizing patient satisfaction and expectation is considered as important components of assessing quality of care. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the gender difference on the patient satisfaction with psychiatrists and explore their expectation from physicians to mental health care needs. Design: This is a prospective ...
Gupta O - - 2013
Congenital granular cell lesion (CGCL) is a rare non-neoplastic lesion found in newborns also known as Neumann's tumor. This benign lesion occurs predominantly in females mostly as a single mass. The histogenesis and natural history of the lesion remains obscure. It arises from the mucosa of the gingiva, either from ...
Rao B Ganga - - 2013
To evaluate hepato protective and antioxidant capacity of Melochia corchorifolia (M. corchorifolia) aerial part extracts. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by using three free radicals (Superoxide, Hydroxyl and DPPH) and hepatoprotective activity was assessed against CCl4 induced liver intoxication in rats. The extracts produced concentration dependent percentage protection in decrease of ...
Thompson Amy - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This multisite study assessed college student's perceptions and practices regarding carrying concealed handguns on campus. Participants: Undergraduate students from 15 public midwestern universities were surveyed (N = 1,800). Methods: Faculty members distributed the questionnaire to students in general education classes or classes broadly representative of undergraduate students. Results: ...
Mbaeri T U - - 2013
Background: Seminiferous tubules comprise 80-90% of testicular mass. Thus, the testicular volume is believed to be an index of spermatogenesis. Therefore, accurate testicular volume is one way to assess testicular function. Objective: To determine the accuracy of Prader orchidometer for measuring the testicular volume by comparing the resultant measurement with ...
Ekwunife C N - - 2013
This is a case of a 21-year-old man who presented with history of abdominal pain following blunt abdominal trauma. Although the initial ultrasound scan showed mild free peritoneal fluid, the patient was managed conservatively as a probable case of splenic injury and was discharged in satisfactory condition after 6 days ...
Shahidi Shoaleh - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between articular eminence steepness and clinical dysfunction index (Di) in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). In this study, CBCT images of 60 temporomandibular joints in 30 patients with TMD were evaluated. The eminence inclination ...
Bittermann Arnold J N - - 2013
To evaluate the effectiveness of primary stapes surgery with and without a vein graft in patients with otosclerosis and to determine the differences in the postoperative gain in air-bone gap (ABG) and air-conduction (AC). A nonrandomized multicenter clinical evaluation. Two tertiary referral centers in The Netherlands and France. Otosclerosis patients ...
Seo Jae-Hyun - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: The most important predictive factor of facial nerve outcome in surgery for small-sized vestibular schwannoma (VS) is the adhesion between the tumor and the facial nerve. Objectives: To compare the facial nerve outcomes between middle cranial fossa (MCF) and translabyrinthine (TL) approaches, and to analyze the preoperative and ...
Urquhart P - - 2013
The holy grail of gastrointestinal endoscopy consists of the detection, in vivo characterization, and endoscopic removal of early or premalignant mucosal lesions. While our ability to achieve this goal has improved substantially since the development of the modern video-endoscope, inadequate visual inspection, errors of interpretation, and lesion subtlety all contribute ...
Stratman Erik - - 2013
Since 2006, after completing a cognitive certifying or recertifying examination, dermatologists are automatically enrolled into Maintenance of Certification (MOC) and can access a personalized electronic table (at www.abderm.org) that presents the requirements over the 10-year cycle. On this web site, diplomates can also pay the annual fee and attest to ...
Bai Jing - - 2013
To observe the effect on the inhibition of coronary atherosclerosis hardening of the paraoxonase gene (PON-1) which transfected to the rabbit epicardial adipose tissue. Rabbit coronary atherosclerosis model was established by high-fat feeding, liposome-encapsulated recombinant plasmid pEGFP-PON-1 50 μ L was injected to the rabbit pericardial cavity, and was harvested ...
Lu Shuihua - - 2013
A novel strain of influenza A(H7N9) virus has emerged in China and is causing mild to severe clinical symptoms in infected humans. Some case-patients have died. To further knowledge of this virus, we report the characteristics and clinical histories of 4 early case-patients.
Ajayi A B AB Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, - - 2013
The risk of laboratory cross-contamination may limit the availability of assisted conception for couples infected with chronic viruses. However, assisted conception is the standard of care for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to minimize risk of transmission or reinfection. To assess the burden of viral infection among couples ...
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