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Results 551 - 600 of 1555
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Uchimoto Mari L - - 2013
Forensic RNA analysis is gathering pace with reports of messenger RNA analysis being used in case work, and with microRNA being increasingly researched. Such techniques address a fundamental issue in body fluid identification, namely increased specificity over existing chemical tests, and the incorporation of additional body fluids such as vaginal ...
Warshauer David H - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated the capability of second generation sequencing (SGS) to provide coverage of short tandem repeats (STRs) found within the human genome. However, there are relatively few bioinformatic software packages capable of detecting these markers in the raw sequence data. The extant STR-calling tools are sophisticated, but are ...
Flores Celia - - 2013
The transcription of genes involved in alginate polymerization and depolymerization, as well as the alginase activity (extracellular and intracellular) under oxygen-limited and non oxygen-limited conditions in cultures of A. vinelandii, was studied. Two levels of dissolved oxygen tension (DOT) (1% and 5%, oxygen-limited and non-oxygen-limited, respectively) strictly controlled by gas ...
Han Zhu-Ping - - 2013
A general strategy was demonstrated here to immobilize proteins with various isoelectric points (IPs) in layered titanates. The immobilization of proteins with relative low IPs, such as bovine serum albumin (BSA) and lipase, in layered titanates was successfully by a novel polyelectrolyte-assisted electrostatic self-assembly technique, which is impossible by a ...
Winotapun Weerapath - - 2013
A direct one-pot production of genipin, an iridoid aglycone, from crude gardenia fruit was developed. The method relied on the use of single cellulase to disrupt plant cells and to cleave off sugar molecules simultaneously, thereby enhancing the release of intracellular iridoids and converting geniposide to genipin. During the biocatalysis, ...
Tsuji Akira - - 2013
Biosynthesis of succinic acid is an alternative method from conventional chemical synthesis. For this application, several bacteria and fungi have been employed and genetically modified. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are gaining recognition as novel producers of useful compounds by metabolic engineering. Among LAB, Lactobacillus plantarum NCIMB 8826 is an interesting ...
Dadkhah Tehrani Abbas - - 2013
The cellulose nanocrystals, prepared by acid hydrolysis of cotton linter, consisted of slender rods with an average length of 173nm and diameter of 80nm, respectively. The surface of obtained cellulose nanocrystals was chemically modified using tosyl chloride and then tosylated cellulose nanowhisker was used as macroinitiator for cationic ring opening ...
Qing Yan - - 2013
Various cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) created by refining and microfluidization, in combination with enzymatic or 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) oxidized pretreatment were compared. The morphological properties, degree of polymerization, and crystallinity for the obtained nanofibrils, as well as physical and mechanical properties of the corresponding films were evaluated. Compared to refining, intense microfluidization ...
Lamanna Melisa - - 2013
Gamma radiation arises as an advantageous alternative to obtain starch nanoparticles given its low cost, simple methodology and scalability. Starch nanoparticles (SNP) with sizes around 20 and 30nm were obtained applying a dose of 20kGy from cassava (CNP-γ) and waxy maize (WNP-γ) starch, respectively. They showed the same thermal degradation ...
Ren Lu - - 2013
The structural and physicochemical properties of polysaccharides isolated from fungi with anticancer properties were investigated. The majority of the polysaccharides considered, have the β-d-Glcp component mostly connected by 1→3 and 1→6 linkages in the backbones and the short branches, respectively. The established parameters of lead-like, drug-like and of known dug ...
Jeong Daham - - 2013
Rhizobium species produce cyclosophoraose (Cys), which is an unbranched cyclic β-(1,2)-glucan. We synthesized novel cationic cyclosophoraose dimer (Cys dimer) and its structure was confirmed via NMR spectroscopy and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry analysis. In this study, we investigated the complexation of hardly soluble drug fisetin (3,3',4',7-tetrahydroxyflavone) with Cys dimer to improve ...
Armoiry Xavier - - 2013
Percutaneous mitral valve repair (MVR) using the MitraClip(®) is a new option for severe mitral regurgitation (MR). To describe initial French experience regarding short-term and mid-term safety and efficacy. A multicentre cohort reported experience of percutaneous MVR using the MitraClip(®) in French centres from December 2010 to September 2012. All ...
Stefaniak Tomasz J - - 2013
The side effects following thoracic sympathectomy for primary hyperhidrosis include pain and compensatory/ reflex sweating. The aim of the study was the evaluation of the results of the endoscopic sympathicotomy with clips with emphasis on the frequency of side effects following the operation. Material and methods. Two-hundred-eighty-three patients were qualified ...
Drury Vicki B - - 2013
Introduction: Myopia is a significant public health problem in Singapore with estimates that more than 50% of the population is affected by it by the time of adulthood. Childhood obesity is also increasing and has been linked to long-term health problems. Recent studies have found that Singaporean children in Primary ...
Roesch-Dietlen Federico - - 2013
Background: Mirizzi syndrome is a complication of gallbladder stones impacted in Hartmann's pouch or cystic duct with compression of the bile duct. The diagnosis is made by imaging studies, although most of them are found through intraoperative surgical findings. Treatment is cholecystectomy and bile duct restoration when needed. Objective: to ...
Stott Dawn L - - 2013
At AfPP we are passionate about patient safety and work hard to support our members with their personal development. However, as an Association we are keen to support whole teams to ensure a full understanding of where processes start and finish and why they may fail due to poor communication, ...
Witkin Lisa R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine if the opioid risk tool (ORT) was clinically useful in guiding physician decision making during chronic opioid therapy and to determine whether there were differences between the patient-completed and physician-completed ORT. Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. A single-center tertiary care outpatient ...
Ureña-Frausto Cielo Alborada CA Departamento de Anestesiología, Hospital General de Cerralvo, Cerralvo, Nuevo León, Mexico. - - 2013
Neuraxial anesthesia in upper abdominal laparoscopic surgery decreases perioperative morbidity and mortality. However, shoulder pain is common and difficult to control. Use of a major opioid (e.g., fentanyl) for the control of this event may depress respiratory function. This is why we believe that a safe and effective therapeutic control ...
Al Balushi Asim - - 2013
The clinical presentation of coarctation of aorta (CoA) is well known; however, it is the most common congenital heart disease in the newborn period to be missed, with significant mortality and morbidity associated with missing the diagnosis. We report a 20-day-old newborn boy who presented with congestive heart failure and ...
Arend Jőrg - - 2013
Both gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) and liposarcoma originate from mesenchymal tissue. Their coincidence requires a specific expertise in the diagnostic and therapeutic management. An unusual exemplary case is described representing a 47-year old female patient with a gastric GIST and a monstrous retroperitoneal liposarcoma with infiltration of the left kidney. ...
- - 2013
Endoscopy is a visual inspection of any cavity of the body for medical reasons using an endoscope. Unlike most other medical imaging devices, endoscopes are inserted directly into the organ.
Porucznik Christina A - - 2013
The Utah Department of Health published the Utah Clinical Guidelines on Prescribing Opioids for Treatment of Pain in 2010. The objective was to evaluate the impact of the Guidelines on provider behaviors such as documentation and use of screening tools. Web-based questionnaire about opioid prescribing knowledge and practices distributed among ...
Ocádiz-Carrasco Jesús - - 2013
Background: Delirium is a poorly recognized entity in surgical patients that may commonly be mistaken for dementia or cognitive dysfunction. It is of great importance to know the measures that can lower its incidence and insure early recognition in order to begin specific treatment. The main objective of this study ...
Abdwani Reem - - 2013
While SLE is found worldwide, there is diversity in clinical presentation of the disease according to geographical variations. The aim of this study is to describe geographical distributions of childhood onset SLE within Oman to identify geographical clustering and to compare the demographic, clinical, and immunological characteristics of this cluster ...
Rudzki Sławomir - - 2013
Upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage is a major medical emergency and accounts for approximately 7,000 admissions to hospitals in Scotland each year. Over the last 10 years there has been a number of improvements in diagnosis and conservative management of the condition, which significantly reduced the ratio of life-threatening cases requiring an ...
Al Riyami Dawood - - 2013
To study the pattern of glomerular disease (GD) from the result of renal biopsies at our center. We conducted a retrospective review of 190 adult native renal biopsy reports from the pathology registry of renal biopsy performed at our hospital between 1992 and 2010. Lupus nephritis was the most common ...
de la Parra-Márquez Miguel - - 2013
Background: Restoration of the face function and cosmetic appearance after a traumatic complex wound is a challenge for the plastic surgeon. Worldwide, few cases have been reported about face replantation. Objective: To present the case of the first partial face replantation reported in the national bibliography, using the labial artery ...
Nurjono Milawaty - - 2013
Introduction: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Studies proposed that waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) are good indicators of MetS. In this study, we examined and compared the predictive utility of clinical measures such as WC, blood pressure and BMI and determined the ...
Yang Zhi - - 2013
The gelatinization of waxy (very low amylose) and high-amylose maize starches by ultra-high hydrostatic pressure (up to 6GPa) was investigated in situ using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction on samples held in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). The starch pastes, made by mixing starch and water in a 1:1 ratio, were ...
Baheiraei Azam - - 2013
The prevalence of smoking among adolescents varies in different parts of the world. The current study aims to survey the socio-demographic and family characteristics related to adolescent lifetime cigarette smoking among 1201 Iranian adolescents aged 15-18 years old. This study is a population-based cross-sectional survey conducted using the multistage random ...
Koh Victor Tc - - 2013
Introduction: This study describes the pathologic changes in the retina of a group of young Asian subjects with myopia worse than -10 diopters spherical equivalent (SE) refraction. Materials and Methods: The study population consists of 20 male subjects undergoing preemployment screening for public service for a 1-year period from 2009 ...
Maughan Erin D - - 2013
In August 2012, the Health Resources and Services Administration's Division of Nursing hosted a 2-day conference to discuss the three Ds: workforce diversity, social determinants, and health disparities that nurses face every day. In particular they wanted to begin a discussion on how nursing, which is still afield of little ...
Hemmati Mitra - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus is the most common chronic endocrine disease worldwide. Intensive glycemic control plays an important role in decreasing morbidity and mortality rate of the disease. Preclinical studies have shown that biotin has an essential role in regulating blood glucose and serum lipid metabolism. This study aims to evaluate the ...
Antoszewska Magdalena - - 2013
Abdominal aortic aneurysms and abdominal hernias become an important health problems of our times. Abdominal aortic aneurysm and its rupture is one of the most dangerous fact in vascular surgery. There are some theories pointing to a multifactoral genesis of these kinds of diseases, all of them assume the attenuation ...
Sarwar Humera - - 2013
Infantile esotropia affects binocular alignment and development of binocular vision. Delayed correction may lead to loss of stereopsis. Waiting for the angle of deviation to stabilise prior to surgery does not impact overall postoperative outcomes greatly. Early surgical intervention produces better outcomes in terms of sensory and motor development, binocular ...
Khan Nabil A - - 2013
Addiction to painkillers or other substances in pediatric and adolescent cases of noncancer chronic pain is an understudied phenomenon, even amidst documented increases in rates of prescription opioid use and misuse. Case studies can inform the training of clinicians in ethically negotiating a balance between optimizing analgesia and mitigating risk ...
Mayer O O - - 2013
Introduction: Lipoproteinassociated phospholipase A2 (Lp PLA2) represent new cardiovascular risk factor and potential treatment target. We aimed to analyze the epidemiological situation of this factor in Czech population. Methods and Results: The study population consisted from 1 962 subjects, a random samples of general population (postMONICA study), and from patients with ...
Osbiston Mark - - 2013
Interprofessional teamwork and collaboration are essential for facilitating perioperative patient centred care. Operating department practitioners (ODPs) and nurses are registered professional 'practitioner' members of the perioperative team. Standards of conduct, communication skills, ethical principles and confidentiality legislation associated with documented patient information underpin and guide perioperative practitioner practice. This article ...
Tajtáková M M Endokrinologicka ambulancia Nemocnice Kosice-Saca, Slovenska Republika. - - 2013
To find out whether the serum PCB level depends on genetic polymorphism in the area of GSTs genes. In the group of 147 men (112 with an average age of 59.1 ± 10.1 and serum PCB level > 1,000 ng/ g lipid -  PCB1, and 35 with an average age of ...
Rosolová H - - 2013
For a successful treatment of arterial hypertension, in most patients it is necessary to prescribe at least two antihypertensive medicines. A well chosen fixed combination of antihypertensives improves lifelong compliance with treatment, another important approach to improving treatment compliance being regular education of the patient regarding the appropriateness of regular ...
Kumar Satish K S - - 2013
Medication non-adherence is a multifactorial and complex problem that poses an enormous health and economic burden. Medication non-adherence related to medication side effects, referred to as rational non-adherence, is increasingly seen in patients. This article discusses rational non-adherence with an exemplar of osteoporosis patients discontinuing their medication, mainly bisphosphonates, for ...
Ellis Harold - - 2013
Dupuytren's contracture of the hand is an extremely common deformity in middle aged and elderly men but it is rarely encountered in women. It usually involves the fifth and fourth fingers, less commonly the other two fingers, and never the thumb. There is a flexion deformity between the head of ...
Yang Limin - - 2013
Melamine, a toxic triazine, is illegally used as an additive in milk to apparently increase the amount of protein, causing acute renal failure in thousands of Chinese infants. In this study, a rapid, simple, sensitive and selective colourimetric sensor array is reported as a potential screening tool for monitoring the ...
Minni John P - - 2013
Subacute radiodermatitis is a rare cutaneous disease induced by ionizing radiation. It often is mistaken for contact dermatitis, fixed drug eruption, or connective-tissue disease. Routine use of fluoroscopy has flourished in many types of medical procedures. We present a case of subacute radiodermatitis stemming from prolonged fluoroscopic exposure during angiography; ...
Sovová E - - 2013
The study deals with the prevention of sudden death in sportsmen. It analyzes the influence of ECG examination on reducing the risk of sudden death. It presents new recommendations for ECG assessment in sportsmen and a new algorithm for examination of middle aged and senior subjects. Key words: sudden cardiac death ...
Lozano-Alcázar Jaim - - 2013
Background: In Mexico among physicians it is common to use the term "bus diagnosis" to mean one that can be done only by looking someone, thanks to knowledge, experience and a bit of imagination. Ophthalmologists are able to do specialty diagnosis in some pictures of famous painters, thus "museum diagnosis." ...
Funari Margaret - - 2013
The health of America's youth is a national priority. With obesity increasing dramatically in adolescents and young children, school lunches have experienced makeovers, and "dieting" and "weight loss" messages have permeated parental concern. Eating disorders among our youth, however, have largely been overlooked despite evidence of its steady increase over ...
Herrera-Espiñeira Carmen - - 2013
Background: The elevated prevalence of osteoarthritis in Western countries, the high costs of hip and knee arthroplasty, and the wide variations in the clinical practice have generated considerable interest in comparing the associated costs before and after surgery. Objective: To determine the influence of a number of variables on the ...
Al-Zadjali Matllooba - - 2013
In the summer of June 2011, the first case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) was observed in Oman since the last fifteen years. The first blood sample using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test were sent looking for CCHF, tick-borne encephalitis, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, Chikungunya and West Nile. All ...
Maestre-Maderuelo Maria - - 2013
Background: Laparoscopic approach has become the gold standard for the surgical treatment of suprarenal gland. Nevertheless there is still controversy about the laparoscopic treatment of adrenal carcinoma. Material and methods: From April 2005 to April 2012, 37 laparoscopic adrenalectomies were performed. We describe and analyze retrospectively: age, sex, side, indication ...
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