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Results 451 - 500 of 1553
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Ueno T - - 2013
Intestinal motility disorders are a major cause of intestinal failure. Severe cases such as idiopathic pseudo-obstruction represent life-threatening illnessed. Intestinal transplantation is a treatment for severe motility disorders with irreversible intestinal failure. However, the prevalence of severe motility disorders is unknown. We performed a national survey to identify patients with ...
Lauro A - - 2013
Steroid-resistant acute cellular rejection (ACR) and chronic rejection (CR) are still major concerns after intestinal transplantation. We report our experience from a single center on 48 adults recipients using 49 grafts from 2001 to 2011, immunosuppressing them initially with daclizumab initially and later Alemtuzumab. Overall patient survival was 41.9% at ...
Hacke K - - 2013
We have recently developed a novel and highly efficient strategy that exclusively uses the purine analog 6-thioguanine (6TG) for both pretransplantation conditioning and post-transplantation chemoselection of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT)-deficient bone marrow (BM). In a mouse BM transplantation model, combined 6TG preconditioning and in vivo chemoselection consistently achieved >95% engraftment of ...
Lampe R - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this study is the determination of physical activity in everyday life of handicapped persons due to cerebral palsy using standardised testing procedures. Method: The subjects were examined according to the Conconi test on a treadmill at increasing speeds for their fitness. We used a continuous heart ...
Freude T - - 2013
The principle of "biological" plate osteosynthesis describes the optimum interaction between mechanics and biology with the aim to achieve an uneventful consolidation of the fracture by secondary bone healing. The preservation of soft tissue and blood supply are central points in this context. Empirical values show that a too rigid ...
Franko K R - - 2013
Acetaminophen overdose is the most rapidly growing cause of fulminant hepatic failure in Western countries. Pregnant women are counseled that acetaminophen is safe during pregnancy and an alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. This report describes a case of acetaminophen overdose during the second trimester of pregnancy with resultant fulminant hepatic ...
Naylor Andrew R - - 2013
Joint infection is a rare but serious complication after knee injury that should be part of a physical therapist's differential diagnosis. This case report presents the care of a 17 year-old female athlete with septic arthritis from a Fusobacterium infection after sustaining a right lateral meniscus tear. Joint pathology combined ...
Park Jae Bum - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces variable systemic inflammatory reactions associated with major organ dysfunction via polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). Ulinastatin, a urinary trypsin inhibitor, inhibits PMN activity and reduces systemic inflammatory responses. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of ulinastatin on postoperative blood loss and laboratory changes in ...
Lee Seokkee - - 2013
This study focused on the association between preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin 19 fragment (Cyfra 21-1) levels and pathologic parameters in patients with resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The records of 527 patients who underwent pulmonary resection of NSCLC were reviewed. The association between preoperative serum CEA and ...
Hwang Jung Joo - - 2013
Most traumatic tracheobronchial injuries are fatal and result in death. Some milder cases are not life threatening and are often missed at the initial presentation. Tracheobronchial rupture is difficult to diagnose in the evaluation of severe multiple trauma patients. We reviewed the traumatic tracheobronchial injuries at Konyang University and Eulji ...
Brumitt Jason - - 2013
Functional tests have been used primarily to assess an athlete's fitness or readiness to return to sport. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine the ability of the standing long jump (SLJ) test, the single-leg hop (SLH) for distance test, and the lower extremity functional test (LEFT) ...
Forbush Steven W - - 2013
Several examination tests are currently used for diagnosing a supraspinatus lesion. The empty can (EC) test is currently considered the gold standard for testing, but full can (FC) testing is also utilized. Both of these tests do not fully eliminate the deltoid synergistic when resistance is applied. A new diagonal ...
Kerins Caitlyn M - - 2013
The Myotonometer® is an electronic tissue compliance meter that has been used to quantify the compliance of soft tissues. The Myotonometer® may be a valuable tool to measure the effectiveness of interventions commonly used to increase tissue compliance in individuals with posterior shoulder tightness (PST). Limited data exist on reliability ...
Macleod Toran D - - 2013
The semitendinosus-gracilis tendon autograft is often used to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament. Tendon regeneration appears to occur for most individuals in the short term, but little is known about the long-term effects of graft harvest. The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of semitendinosis-gracilis tendon graft ...
Reinking Mark F - - 2013
Exercise-related leg pain (ERLP) is a common problem in runners. The purposes of this study were to 1) report ERLP occurrence among adult community runners; 2) determine ERLP impact on daily activities; and 3) determine if there is a relationship between ERLP occurrence and selected potential risk factors including sex, ...
Karges Joy Renae - - 2013
To analyze the effectiveness of the American Red Cross Emergency Response Course (ARC ERC) in improving decision-making skills of physical therapists (PTs) and third semester clinical doctorate student physical therapists (SPTs) when assessing acute sports injuries and medical conditions. An existing questionnaire was modified, with permission from the original authors ...
Cheatham Scott W - - 2013
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is an emerging non-surgical intervention used for the treatment of tendon and ligament pathology. Despite the growing popularity of PRP in musculoskeletal medicine, there is a paucity of research that describes appropriate rehabilitation procedures following this intervention. This case report presents the rehabilitation strategy used following ...
Dembowski Scott C - - 2013
Hamstring strain injuries are among the most common injuries seen in sports. Management is made difficult by the high recurrence rates. Typical time to return to sport varies but can be prolonged with recurrence. Eccentric strength deficits remain post-injury, contributing to reinjury. Eccentric training has shown to be an effective ...
Crowell Michael S - - 2013
Accurate diagnosis and management of knee pain with or without mechanical symptoms challenges the physical therapist's clinical reasoning skills. Meniscal cysts are one relatively rare disorder of the knee that can cause both pain and mechanical symptoms and are frequently associated with a meniscal tear. In patients with suspected meniscal ...
Boyle Kyndall L - - 2013
Lumbopelvic-femoral conditions are common and may be associated with asymmetrical musculoskeletal and respiratory impairments and postural mal-alignment called a Left Anterior Interior Chain (AIC) pattern. An inherent pattern of asymmetry involves the trunk/ribs/spine/pelvis/hip joints and includes the tendency to stand on the right leg and shift the center of gravity ...
Barner Hendrick B - - 2013
This is the third in a series on coronary artery bypass which reviews three alternative arterial conduits. The radial artery has become the most widely used of the three and accumulating experience demonstrates better patency at 10 years versus saphenous vein. Drawbacks are a long incision on the forearm, the ...
Ko Seong-Min - - 2013
Treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants can consist of medical or surgical approaches. The appropriate therapeutic regimen remains contentious. This study evaluated the role of surgery in improving the survival of premature neonates weighing less than 1,500 g with PDA. From January 2008 to June 2011, 68 ...
Keum Dong-Yoon - - 2013
The role of totally implantable central venous port (TICVP) system is increasing. Implantation performed by radiologist with ultrasound-guided access of vein and fluoroscope-guided positioning of catheter is widely accepted nowadays. In this article, we summarized our experience of TICVP system by surgeon and present the success and complication rate of ...
Jung Joonho - - 2013
A 51-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with complaints of fever and hemoptysis. After evaluation of the fever focus, he was diagnosed with pulmonary valve infective endocarditis. Thus pulmonary valve replacement and antibiotics therapy were performed and discharged. He was brought to the emergency unit presenting with a high ...
Kim In Sook - - 2013
A 79-year-old man was admitted to Samsung Changwon Hospital due to chest pain and dyspnea. The ejection fraction was 31% and mean pressure gradient between the left ventricle and aorta was 69.4 mmHg on echocardiography. Chest computed tomography showed severe calcification of the ascending aorta. Aortic valve replacement was successfully ...
Choi Jin-Ho - - 2013
There are various methods for approaching the aortic arch, such as median sternotomy or lateral thoracotomy. However, accessing the site of distal anastomosis is problematic when the distal arch is extensively involved. We report a case of extended aortic arch replacement and coronary artery bypass through the L-incision approach.
Choi Eun Jin - - 2013
Although thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare disease, when it develops in a post-cardiac surgery patient, it may have a fatal outcome. Since the frequency of early-onset thrombocytopenia in post-cardiac surgery patients is high, platelet concentrates are commonly transfused during postoperative management. However, when TTP is the likely diagnosis, ...
Kim Dongmin - - 2013
Chest draining is a common procedure for treating pleural effusion. Perforation of the heart is a rare often fatal complication of chest drain insertion. We report a case of a 76-year-old female patient suffering from congestive heart failure. At presentation, unilateral opacity of the left chest observed on a chest ...
Lee Doo Yun - - 2013
Prolonged air leakage is a major cause of morbidity in pneumothorax. When conservative management is not effective, surgery should be performed. However, surgery is not appropriate in patients with low pulmonary function. In these patients, occlusion of the airway with endobronchial blockers may be attempted under bronchoscopy. We treated two ...
Kim Su Wan - - 2013
While a diaphragmatic rupture commonly results from trauma to the abdomen and chest, a spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture is very rare. A 68-year-old male presented with chest pain that had originated while doing farm work in a squatting position. Images revealed a 5 cm defect of the left diaphragmatic dome, and ...
Suh Jee Won - - 2013
A 42-year-old woman with short-term memory loss visited Gangnam Severance Hospital, and her chest X-ray and computed tomography revealed a right anterior mediastinal mass. On hospital day two, she suddenly presented personality changes and a drowsy mental status, so she required ventilator care in the intensive care unit. She underwent ...
Ko Ho Hyun - - 2013
An ectopic thyroid is caused by abnormalities in migration of the thyroid during development and rarely occurs in the thoracic cavity or the abdominal cavity. We report the case of a 64-year-old female who had abnormal findings from a thyroid hormone test during follow-up after thyroid cancer surgery. Based on ...
Sullivan Kathleen M - - 2013
Foam rollers are used to mimic myofascial release techniques and have been used by therapists, athletes, and the general public alike to increase range of motion (ROM) and alleviate pressure points. The roller-massager was designed to serve a similar purpose but is a more portable device that uses the upper ...
Akinleye Sheriff D - - 2013
With an increasing number of pre-adolescents participating in sports, anterior cruciate ligament injuries and resultant reconstruction in the skeletally immature athlete are becoming more common. Many different surgical techniques and rehabilitation protocols have been proposed for the treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, but there is a lack of ...
Bestas A A Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Firat University School of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey. - - 2013
We investigated the effect of adrenaline on desflurane-induced prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval. Sixty-two adult patients scheduled for nasal surgery were included. Following intubation, packs soaked in physiological saline were used for Group C (control) and packs soaked in adrenaline (1/200,000, 5 ml) were used for Groups A1 and A2. ...
Grant S M SM Whangarei Hospital, - - 2013
To determine whether New Zealand general dental practitioners support community water fluoridation (CWF), and to gauge their opinions on its possible systemic side-effects. An online survey was conducted in 2010, involving the 1174 general dental practitioners who had email addresses on the Dental Register and were contactable in New Zealand. ...
Brückner S S University Hospital Leipzig, Department of Visceral, Transplantation, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Leipzig, - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) isolated from bone marrow and differentiated into hepatocyte-like cells have increasingly gained attention for clinical cell therapy of liver diseases because of their high regenerative capacity. They are available from bone marrow aspirates of the os coxae after puncture of the crista iliaca or from bone ...
Venkatasubramanian Sowmya S Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
We examined the effect of the oral SIRT1 activator SRT2104 on cardiovascular function in otherwise healthy cigarette smokers. Twenty-four otherwise healthy cigarette smokers participated in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial and received 28 days of oral SRT2104 (2.0 g/day) or matched placebo. Plasma SRT2104 concentrations, serum lipid profile, plasma ...
Fan J J University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA. - - 2013
Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation is the most common genetic defect that predisposes to thrombosis. The reconstruction of hepatic artery with arterial graft is a documented risk factor for HAT. However, the relationship among ...
Konoeda C C Department of Thoracic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, - - 2013
Aberrant epithelial repair is a crucial event in the airway remodeling that characterizes obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) in transplanted lungs. Recent data from experiments using epithelial cell lines and human airway tissues from lung transplant recipients suggest that epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in OB. The aim ...
Wong Carmen M CM Regenerative Medicine Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8L6, - - 2013
Vectors based on adenovirus (Ad) are one of the most commonly utilized platforms for gene delivery to cells in molecular biology studies and in gene therapy applications. Ad is also the most popular vector system in human clinical gene therapy trials, largely due to its advantageous characteristics such as high ...
White Stephen N SN Animal Disease Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Pullman, WA 99164, USA. - - 2013
Small ruminant lentiviruses include members that infect sheep (ovine lentivirus [OvLV]; also known as ovine progressive pneumonia virus/maedi-visna virus) and goats (caprine arthritis encephalitis virus [CAEV]). Breed differences in seroprevalence and proviral concentration of OvLV had suggested a strong genetic component in susceptibility to infection by OvLV in sheep. A ...
Botti Silvana - - 2013
The self-consistent GW band gaps are known to be significantly overestimated. We show that this overestimation is, to a large extent, due to the neglect of the contribution of the lattice polarization to the screening of the electron-electron interaction. To solve this problem, we derive within the GW formalism a ...
Kim B H - - 2013
We report the results of a high-statistics search for H dibaryon production in inclusive Υ(1S) and Υ(2S) decays. No indication of an H dibaryon with a mass near the M_{H}=2m_{Λ} threshold is seen in either the H→Λpπ^{-} or ΛΛ decay channels and 90% confidence level branching-fraction upper limits are set ...
Lupetti Mattia - - 2013
A compact high repetition rate attosecond light source based on a standard laser oscillator combined with plasmonic enhancement is analyzed. At repetition rates of tens of MHz, we predict focusable pulses with durations of ≲300 as and a spherical wave front at collimation angles ≲5°. Plasmonic mode and guiding of ...
Eastwood J P - - 2013
The partition of energy flux in magnetic reconnection is examined experimentally using Cluster satellite observations of collisionless reconnection in Earth's magnetotail. In this plasma regime, the dominant component of the energy flux is ion enthalpy flux, with smaller contributions from the electron enthalpy and heat flux and the ion kinetic ...
Jones A - - 2013
We introduce an electronically coarse-grained description of water representing all long range, many-body electronic responses via an embedded quantum oscillator. Leading-order response coefficients and gas phase electrostatic moments are exactly reproduced. Molecular dynamics, using electronic path integral sampling, shows that this framework is sufficient for a realistic liquid to emerge ...
Roper Marcus - - 2013
The flagellated protozoan Salpingoeca rosetta is one of the closest relatives of multicellular animals. Unicellular S. rosetta can be induced to form multicellular colonies, but colonies swim more slowly than individual cells so the advantages conferred by colony formation are uncertain. Here we use theoretical models to show that hydrodynamic ...
Dowdall R J - - 2013
We present the first lattice QCD calculation of the decay constants f_{B} and f_{B_{s}} with physical light quark masses. We use configurations generated by the MILC Collaboration including the effect of u, d, s, and c highly improved staggered quarks in the sea at three lattice spacings and with three ...
Liu Yuxiang - - 2013
We demonstrate optomechanically mediated electromagnetically induced transparency and wavelength conversion in silicon nitride (Si_{3}N_{4}) microdisk resonators. Fabricated devices support whispering gallery optical modes with a quality factor (Q) of 10^{6}, and radial breathing mechanical modes with a Q=10^{4} and a resonance frequency of 625 MHz, so that the system is in ...
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