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Taki Faten A FA Department of Biology, East Carolina University, Greenville, North - - 2014
Tobacco smoking is associated with many diseases. Addiction is of the most notorious tobacco-related syndrome and is mainly attributed to nicotine. In this study, we employed Caenorhabditis elegans as a biological model to systemically investigate the effect of chronic nicotine exposure on microRNA (miRNA) expression profile and their regulated biochemical ...
Caballero-Campo Pedro P Unidad de Reproducción Humana, Clínica Tambre, Madrid, Spain; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, & Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Although recent evidence indicates that several chemokines and defensins, well-known as inflammatory mediators, are expressed in the male and female reproductive tracts, the location and functional significance of chemokine networks in sperm physiology and sperm reproductive tract interactions are poorly understood. To address this deficiency in our knowledge, we examined ...
Bhavsar Kavita V KV *New England Eye Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; and †Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate the choroidal thickness with spectral domain optical coherence tomography in subjects with retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tear compared with the choroidal thickness of their fellow eye. For this cross-sectional investigation, seven eyes of seven patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration and RPE tear in one eye imaged with ...
Tanner Nichole T - - 2013
Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death for veterans cared for by the US Veterans Health Administration. The LC burden among veterans is almost double that of the general population. Before implementation of an LC screening program, we set out to assess the role of beliefs and ...
Wang Wei W Departments of 1 - - 2013
In rodents and some other mammals, partial pneumonectomy (PNX) of adult lungs results in rapid compensatory lung growth. In the past, quantification of compensatory lung growth and realveolarization could only be accomplished after killing the animal, removal of lungs, and histologic analysis of lungs at single time points. Hyperpolarized (3)He ...
Okada Seiko F SF 1 Cystic Fibrosis/Pulmonary Research and Treatment Center, Department of Medicine, - - 2013
ATP in airway surface liquid (ASL) controls mucociliary clearance functions via the activation of airway epithelial purinergic receptors. However, abnormally elevated ATP levels have been reported in inflamed airways, suggesting that excessive ATP in ASL contributes to airway inflammation. Despite these observations, little is known about the mechanisms of ATP ...
Samad Lubna L Indus Hospital Research Center, Indus Hospital, Korangi Crossing, Karachi 75190, Pakistan. - - 2013
The need for surgical care far exceeds available facilities, especially in low income and poor countries. Limited data are available to help us understand the extent and nature of barriers that limit access to surgical care, particularly in the Asian subcontinent. The aim of this study was to understand factors ...
Cruz C R Y CR Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine, The Methodist Hospital, - - 2013
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients are highly susceptible to invasive aspergillosis and might benefit from aspergillus-specific T cell immunotherapy, which has shown promise in treating those with known T cell defects such as haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. But whether such T cell defects contribute to increased risks for ...
Smith Benjamin M - - 2013
COPD and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction overlap clinically, and impaired left ventricular (LV) filling is commonly reported in COPD. The mechanism underlying these observations is uncertain, but may include upstream pulmonary dysfunction causing low LV preload or intrinsic LV dysfunction causing high LV preload. The objective of this ...
Taylor-Weiner Hermes H Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA; Sanford Consortium for Regenerative Medicine, La Jolla, California, - - 2013
Differentiation methods often rely exclusively on growth factors to direct mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC) fate, but the niche also contains fibrillar extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, including fibronectin (FN) and laminin, which could also direct cell fate. Soluble differentiation factors are known to increase ECM expression, yet ECM's ability to ...
Sun Hongli H Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2013
Nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is an essential transcription factor for adipocyte differentiation. In mesenchymal stem cells, PPARγ has been assumed to play a negative role in osteoblastic differentiation, by working in an adipogenesis dependent manner, due to the reciprocal relationship between osteoblast and adipocyte differentiation. However, the direct ...
Lou Siyue S Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, The Saban Research Institute, Los Angeles, California, - - 2013
MAT1, an assembly factor and targeting subunit of both cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase (CAK) and general transcription factor IIH (TFIIH) kinase, regulates cell cycle and transcription. Previous studies show that expression of intact MAT1 protein is associated with expansion of human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), whereas intrinsically programmed or retinoic acid ...
Mathieu Julie J Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2013
Adult stem cells reside in hypoxic niches, and embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from a low oxygen environment. However, it is not clear whether hypoxia is critical for stem cell fate since for example human ESCs (hESCs) are able to self-renew in atmospheric oxygen concentrations as well. We now ...
Zhu Xiang-Yang XY Division of Nephrology & Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2013
Ischemic kidney diseases are common clinical entities that bear high mortality and morbidity and may lead to irreversible loss of kidney function. Their pathophysiology is multifaceted, involves complex hormonal-immunological-cellular interactions, and leads to damage in multiple cell types, which is often resistant to conventional therapy. Thus, novel strategies are needed ...
McCormack Meredith C - - 2013
American Thoracic Society guidelines support using fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) measurements in patients with asthma and highlight gaps in the evidence base. Little is known about the use of FENO levels to predict asthma exacerbations among high-risk, urban, minority populations receiving usual care. Children with persistent asthma (n = ...
Pellegrini Pasquale - - 2013
Receptor Activator of NF-kappa B (RANK) pathway controls mammary gland development in mice but its role in mammary stem cell fate remains undefined. We show that constitutive RANK signaling expands luminal and basal mammary compartments including mammary stem and luminal progenitor cell pools and interferes with the generation of CD61+ ...
Siewe Basile B 1 Rush University Medical Center , Chicago, - - 2013
The mechanisms underlying B cell activation that persists during antiretroviral therapy (ART) are unknown. Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling is a critical mediator of innate cell activation and though B cells express TLRs, few studies have investigated a role for TLR signaling in B cell activation during HIV infection. We addressed ...
Biswas Avik - - 2013
In a previous study from eastern India, the prevalence of HBV/C has been increasing among the blood donors. In order to analyze whether there has been any shift in HBV genotype distributions in recent years, the HBV genotypes prevalent during the periods 2000-2002 (Group-I; n = 176) and 2007-2009 (Group-II; n = 203) were ...
Sam I-Ching - - 2013
Relatively little is known about the burden of influenza in tropical countries. The seroprevalence of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009, seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 was determined in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Pre- and post-pandemic residual laboratory sera were tested by hemagglutination-inhibition. The seroprevalence of A(H1N1)pdm09 increased from 3.7% pre-pandemic to 21.9% ...
Savolainen-Kopra Carita - - 2013
The significance of human rhinoviruses (HRV) as prevailing respiratory pathogens has sharpened during the recent years followed by implementation of molecular methods in detection. Rhinoviruses are detected exceedingly in hospitalized cases of respiratory infection with varying severity, in addition to being frequent in cases of common cold. The aim of ...
Baek In Hyuk - - 2013
During an epidemiological survey of human rotavirus infection in Seoul, Korea, from 2010 to 2011, one isolate of group C rotavirus (GCRV), named CAU10-312, was detected in a 5-year-old child admitted to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis, and its complete genomic sequence was determined. The 11 gene segments of the ...
Ndze Valentine N - - 2013
In this study the emergence of rotavirus A genotype G12 in children <5 years of age is reported from Cameroon during 2010/2011. A total of 135 human stool samples were P and G genotyped by reverse transcriptase PCR. Six different rotavirus VP7 genotypes were detected, including G1, G2, G3, G8, ...
Toi Cheryl S - - 2013
Primary infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV) occurs in immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. Clinical and asymptomatic reactivation with shedding of infectious virus and viremia may occur. The prevalence of VZV viremia is unknown. The aim of this study was to detect VZV viremia and quantify VZV DNA using quantitative polymerase ...
Shang Guifang - - 2013
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a pathogen of worldwide health significance, associated with liver disease. A vaccine is available, yet HBV prevalence remains a concern, particularly in developing countries. Pathology laboratories have a primary role in the diagnosis and monitoring of HBV infection, through hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) immunoassay ...
Esteban Juan I - - 2013
Routine screening of patients at risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has become a priority given recent improvements in therapeutic options and the asymptomatic nature of most chronic infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Elecsys® Anti-HCV II assay, a new qualitative antibody ...
Litjens Rogier J N T M - - 2013
Current screening methods for uterine cervical cancer such as Papanicolaou smears and/or high risk human Papillomavirus (HR-HPV) detection have a high negative predictive value but a low positive predictive value for the presence of high grade cervical lesions. Therefore, new parameters are needed to reduce the rate of unnecessary referrals ...
Marinho-Dias Joana - - 2013
Infection by high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered necessary but not sufficient for the development of cervical cancer. Previous studies suggested that cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-barr virus (EBV) could be co-factors of HPV-associated carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to characterize the prevalence of CMV and EBV ...
Page Cyril - - 2013
Environmental factors, such as viruses, are thought to contribute to the development of thyroid autoimmunity. Erythrovirus B19 (EVB19) is suspected to be involved in Hashimoto's thyroiditis, but no direct evidence is available concerning the role of EVB19 infection in Graves' disease. The objective of this study was to investigate whether ...
Bruggink L D - - 2013
GII.b norovirus is an obligatory recombinant with an open reading frame (ORF) 1 comprising the GII.b genotype and the ORF 2 region corresponding to one of a number of other norovirus genotypes. GII.b is the second most common genotype after GII.4 associated with gastroenteritis outbreaks in Victoria, Australia. The study ...
Rodier Caroline - - 2013
Juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is caused mainly by human papillomavirus genotypes 6 or 11, acquired at birth or during pregnancy from an infected mother. Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is characterized by recurring warts growing most commonly in the larynx. Multiple surgical procedures and the risk of airway obstruction contribute to the ...
Roy Mukherjee Tapasi - - 2013
In developing countries, viruses causing respiratory disease are a major concern of public health. During January 2010-December 2011, 2,737 patients with acute respiratory infection from the outpatient departments as well as patients admitted to hospitals were screened for different respiratory viruses. Nasal and or throat swabs were collected and transported ...
Zhao Yan - - 2013
AbstractTechnetium 99m (99mTc)-annexin A5, a marker of ongoing apoptosis, is supposed to be useful in the detection of metabolically active atheroma. The aim of this study was to determine the potential of 99mTc-annexin A5 for evaluating the therapeutic effects of an angiotensin II receptor type 1 blocker (ARB) (telmisartan) on ...
Mata-Marín José A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of antiretroviral therapy on inflammatory markers of endothelial dysfunction in HIV treatment-naïve infected patients. This was a prospective cohort study in HIV treatment-naïve infected patients. The patients were assigned to a untreated group or a treatment group according to the ...
Ledesma J - - 2013
BK polyomavirus (BKV) is classified into four subtypes based on nucleotide variation of a 287 bp typing region in the VP1 protein. Most studies show that subtype I is predominant in different geographic settings, followed by subtype IV. However, BKV subtypes II and III are detected at low rates. In Spain, ...
Adler Caleb M CM Division of Bipolar Disorder Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45219-0516, USA. - - 2013
Although the neurophysiology underlying pharmacotherapy for bipolar disorder remains poorly understood, recent studies suggest that therapeutic mechanisms may be reflected in changes in concentrations of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), a putative measure of neuronal integrity and metabolism. In this study, we used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to examine prefrontal NAA in patients ...
Andersen Christen Lykkegaard CL Department of Hematology, Roskilde University Hospital, Denmark; The Research Unit for General Practice and Section of General Practice, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, - - 2013
Eosinophilia may represent an early paraclinical sign of hematological malignant disease, but no reports exist on its predictive value for hematological malignancies. From the Copenhagen Primary Care Differential Count (CopDiff) Database, we identified 356,196 individuals with at least one differential cell count (DIFF) encompassing the eosinophil count during 2000-2007. From ...
Ferrandi Mara M Prassis Sigma-Tau Research Institute, Settimo Milanese, Milan, - - 2013
Calcium handling is known to be deranged in heart failure. Interventions aimed at improving cell Ca(2) (+) cycling may represent a promising approach to heart failure therapy. Istaroxime is a new luso-inotropic compound that stimulates cardiac contractility and relaxation in healthy and failing animal models and in patients with acute ...
Alves Eliana - - 2013
The photodynamic process involves the combined use of light and a photosensitizer, which, in the presence of oxygen, originates cytotoxic species capable of oxidizing biological molecules, such as lipids. However, the effect of the photodynamic process in the bacterial phospholipid profile by a photosensitizer has never been reported. A lipidomic ...
Simon E S - - 2013
In protein studies that employ tandem mass spectrometry the manipulation of protonated peptide fragmentation through exclusive dissociation pathways may be preferred in some applications over the comprehensive amide backbone fragmentation that is typically observed. In this study, we characterized the selective cleavage of the side-chain Cζ -Nε bond of peptides ...
Wacker Ulrike - - 2013
The kinetic nature of the phosphoric acid digestion reaction enables clumped isotope analysis of carbonates using gas source isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). In most laboratories acid digestions are performed at 25°C in sealed vessels or at 90°C in a common acid bath. Here we show that different Δ47 results ...
Sanda Miloslav M Department of Oncology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, - - 2013
Quantitative analysis of site-specific glycosylation of proteins is a challenging part of glycoproteomic research. Multiple enrichment steps are typically required in the analytical workflows to achieve adequate characterization of the site-specific glycoforms. In spite of recent advances, quantitative workflows need further development. Here, we report a selective and sensitive MS2 ...
Chatzi Christina C Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, California, - - 2013
Retinoic acid (RA) signaling controls patterning and neuronal differentiation within the hindbrain, but forebrain RA function remains controversial. RA is produced from metabolism of retinol to retinaldehyde by retinol dehydrogenase (RDH), followed by metabolism of retinaldehyde to RA by retinaldehyde dehydrogenase (RALDH). Previous studies on Raldh2-/- and Raldh3-/- mice demonstrated ...
Nolan Brian C BC Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 85287; School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, - - 2013
WC 44 and WC 10 are phenylpiperazines with low (23 fold) to moderate (42 fold) selectivity for dopamine D3 receptors (D3Rs) over D2Rs, respectively. WC 44 is a full D3R agonist in the forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase (AC) assay, whereas WC 10 has little efficacy. In contrast to their opposite effects ...
Liu Xiaoli X Laboratory for Cellular and Molecular Thyroid Research, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 East Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2013
Mutations 1 295 228 C>T and 1 295 250 C>T (termed C228T and C250T respectively), corresponding to -124 C>T and -146 C>T from the translation start site in the promoter of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene, have recently been reported in human cancers, but not in thyroid cancers yet. ...
Lee Sook-Kyung SK Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and UNC Center for AIDS Research, ‡Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, §Department of Microbiology and Immunology, and ∥Cancer Genetics Program, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United - - 2013
The matrix/capsid processing site in the HIV-1 Gag precursor is likely the most sensitive target to inhibit HIV-1 replication. We have previously shown that modest incomplete processing at the site leads to a complete loss of virion infectivity. In the study presented here, a sensitive assay based on fluorescence polarization ...
Balhana Ricardo J C RJ Department of Pathology and Pathogen Biology, The Royal Veterinary College, Camden, London, - - 2013
This study describes how bkaR, a highly conserved mycobacterial TetR-like transcriptional repressor, regulates a number of nearby genes that have associations with branched-chain keto-acid metabolism. bkaR (MSMEG_4718) was deleted from the nonpathogenic species Mycobacterium smegmatis, and changes in global gene expression were assessed using microarray analysis and reporter gene studies. ...
Tafreshi Narges K NK Department of Cancer Imaging and Metabolism, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida 33612, United - - 2013
The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) is overexpressed in most melanoma metastases, making it a promising target for imaging of melanomas. In this study, the expression of MC1R in a large fraction of patients with melanoma was confirmed using mRNA and tissue microarray. Here, we have characterized the in vivo tumor ...
Fabbrocini Gabriella G Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Università di Napoli Federico II , Naples , - - 2014
Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis (SD) includes various options with different success and safety limitations. To evaluate the efficacy of topical nicotinamide (NCT) in the treatment of SD. A total of 48 patients with mild to moderate SD of the face were enrolled in the study (36 males and 12 females; ...
Chen Yunqiu Y Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United - - 2013
Due to the importance of proteases in regulating cellular processes, the development of protease inhibitors has garnered great attention. Peptide-based aldehydes are a class of compounds that exhibit inhibitory activities against various proteases and proteasomes in the context of anti-proliferative treatments for cancer and other diseases. More than a dozen ...
Cushman-Vokoun Allison M - - 2013
Objectives: To compare 2 laboratory assays commonly used in the evaluation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Fifty-three formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded NSCLC specimens were selected. Extracted DNA was analyzed using the EGFR RGQ Amplification Refractory Mutation System Scorpions probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction ...
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