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Taki Faten A FA Department of Biology, East Carolina University, Greenville, North - - 2014
Tobacco smoking is associated with many diseases. Addiction is of the most notorious tobacco-related syndrome and is mainly attributed to nicotine. In this study, we employed Caenorhabditis elegans as a biological model to systemically investigate the effect of chronic nicotine exposure on microRNA (miRNA) expression profile and their regulated biochemical ...
Caballero-Campo Pedro P Unidad de Reproducción Humana, Clínica Tambre, Madrid, Spain; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, & Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Although recent evidence indicates that several chemokines and defensins, well-known as inflammatory mediators, are expressed in the male and female reproductive tracts, the location and functional significance of chemokine networks in sperm physiology and sperm reproductive tract interactions are poorly understood. To address this deficiency in our knowledge, we examined ...
Wang Wei W Departments of 1 - - 2013
In rodents and some other mammals, partial pneumonectomy (PNX) of adult lungs results in rapid compensatory lung growth. In the past, quantification of compensatory lung growth and realveolarization could only be accomplished after killing the animal, removal of lungs, and histologic analysis of lungs at single time points. Hyperpolarized (3)He ...
Okada Seiko F SF 1 Cystic Fibrosis/Pulmonary Research and Treatment Center, Department of Medicine, - - 2013
ATP in airway surface liquid (ASL) controls mucociliary clearance functions via the activation of airway epithelial purinergic receptors. However, abnormally elevated ATP levels have been reported in inflamed airways, suggesting that excessive ATP in ASL contributes to airway inflammation. Despite these observations, little is known about the mechanisms of ATP ...
Cruz C R Y CR Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine, The Methodist Hospital, - - 2013
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients are highly susceptible to invasive aspergillosis and might benefit from aspergillus-specific T cell immunotherapy, which has shown promise in treating those with known T cell defects such as haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. But whether such T cell defects contribute to increased risks for ...
McCormack Meredith C - - 2013
American Thoracic Society guidelines support using fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) measurements in patients with asthma and highlight gaps in the evidence base. Little is known about the use of FENO levels to predict asthma exacerbations among high-risk, urban, minority populations receiving usual care. Children with persistent asthma (n = ...
Biswas Avik - - 2013
In a previous study from eastern India, the prevalence of HBV/C has been increasing among the blood donors. In order to analyze whether there has been any shift in HBV genotype distributions in recent years, the HBV genotypes prevalent during the periods 2000-2002 (Group-I; n = 176) and 2007-2009 (Group-II; n = 203) were ...
Sam I-Ching - - 2013
Relatively little is known about the burden of influenza in tropical countries. The seroprevalence of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009, seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 was determined in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Pre- and post-pandemic residual laboratory sera were tested by hemagglutination-inhibition. The seroprevalence of A(H1N1)pdm09 increased from 3.7% pre-pandemic to 21.9% ...
Savolainen-Kopra Carita - - 2013
The significance of human rhinoviruses (HRV) as prevailing respiratory pathogens has sharpened during the recent years followed by implementation of molecular methods in detection. Rhinoviruses are detected exceedingly in hospitalized cases of respiratory infection with varying severity, in addition to being frequent in cases of common cold. The aim of ...
Baek In Hyuk - - 2013
During an epidemiological survey of human rotavirus infection in Seoul, Korea, from 2010 to 2011, one isolate of group C rotavirus (GCRV), named CAU10-312, was detected in a 5-year-old child admitted to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis, and its complete genomic sequence was determined. The 11 gene segments of the ...
Ndze Valentine N - - 2013
In this study the emergence of rotavirus A genotype G12 in children <5 years of age is reported from Cameroon during 2010/2011. A total of 135 human stool samples were P and G genotyped by reverse transcriptase PCR. Six different rotavirus VP7 genotypes were detected, including G1, G2, G3, G8, ...
Toi Cheryl S - - 2013
Primary infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV) occurs in immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. Clinical and asymptomatic reactivation with shedding of infectious virus and viremia may occur. The prevalence of VZV viremia is unknown. The aim of this study was to detect VZV viremia and quantify VZV DNA using quantitative polymerase ...
Shang Guifang - - 2013
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a pathogen of worldwide health significance, associated with liver disease. A vaccine is available, yet HBV prevalence remains a concern, particularly in developing countries. Pathology laboratories have a primary role in the diagnosis and monitoring of HBV infection, through hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) immunoassay ...
Esteban Juan I - - 2013
Routine screening of patients at risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has become a priority given recent improvements in therapeutic options and the asymptomatic nature of most chronic infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Elecsys® Anti-HCV II assay, a new qualitative antibody ...
Litjens Rogier J N T M - - 2013
Current screening methods for uterine cervical cancer such as Papanicolaou smears and/or high risk human Papillomavirus (HR-HPV) detection have a high negative predictive value but a low positive predictive value for the presence of high grade cervical lesions. Therefore, new parameters are needed to reduce the rate of unnecessary referrals ...
Marinho-Dias Joana - - 2013
Infection by high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered necessary but not sufficient for the development of cervical cancer. Previous studies suggested that cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-barr virus (EBV) could be co-factors of HPV-associated carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to characterize the prevalence of CMV and EBV ...
Page Cyril - - 2013
Environmental factors, such as viruses, are thought to contribute to the development of thyroid autoimmunity. Erythrovirus B19 (EVB19) is suspected to be involved in Hashimoto's thyroiditis, but no direct evidence is available concerning the role of EVB19 infection in Graves' disease. The objective of this study was to investigate whether ...
Bruggink L D - - 2013
GII.b norovirus is an obligatory recombinant with an open reading frame (ORF) 1 comprising the GII.b genotype and the ORF 2 region corresponding to one of a number of other norovirus genotypes. GII.b is the second most common genotype after GII.4 associated with gastroenteritis outbreaks in Victoria, Australia. The study ...
Rodier Caroline - - 2013
Juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is caused mainly by human papillomavirus genotypes 6 or 11, acquired at birth or during pregnancy from an infected mother. Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is characterized by recurring warts growing most commonly in the larynx. Multiple surgical procedures and the risk of airway obstruction contribute to the ...
Roy Mukherjee Tapasi - - 2013
In developing countries, viruses causing respiratory disease are a major concern of public health. During January 2010-December 2011, 2,737 patients with acute respiratory infection from the outpatient departments as well as patients admitted to hospitals were screened for different respiratory viruses. Nasal and or throat swabs were collected and transported ...
Zhao Yan - - 2013
AbstractTechnetium 99m (99mTc)-annexin A5, a marker of ongoing apoptosis, is supposed to be useful in the detection of metabolically active atheroma. The aim of this study was to determine the potential of 99mTc-annexin A5 for evaluating the therapeutic effects of an angiotensin II receptor type 1 blocker (ARB) (telmisartan) on ...
Mata-Marín José A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of antiretroviral therapy on inflammatory markers of endothelial dysfunction in HIV treatment-naïve infected patients. This was a prospective cohort study in HIV treatment-naïve infected patients. The patients were assigned to a untreated group or a treatment group according to the ...
Ledesma J - - 2013
BK polyomavirus (BKV) is classified into four subtypes based on nucleotide variation of a 287 bp typing region in the VP1 protein. Most studies show that subtype I is predominant in different geographic settings, followed by subtype IV. However, BKV subtypes II and III are detected at low rates. In Spain, ...
Alves Eliana - - 2013
The photodynamic process involves the combined use of light and a photosensitizer, which, in the presence of oxygen, originates cytotoxic species capable of oxidizing biological molecules, such as lipids. However, the effect of the photodynamic process in the bacterial phospholipid profile by a photosensitizer has never been reported. A lipidomic ...
Simon E S - - 2013
In protein studies that employ tandem mass spectrometry the manipulation of protonated peptide fragmentation through exclusive dissociation pathways may be preferred in some applications over the comprehensive amide backbone fragmentation that is typically observed. In this study, we characterized the selective cleavage of the side-chain Cζ -Nε bond of peptides ...
Wacker Ulrike - - 2013
The kinetic nature of the phosphoric acid digestion reaction enables clumped isotope analysis of carbonates using gas source isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). In most laboratories acid digestions are performed at 25°C in sealed vessels or at 90°C in a common acid bath. Here we show that different Δ47 results ...
Lee Sook-Kyung SK Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and UNC Center for AIDS Research, ‡Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, §Department of Microbiology and Immunology, and ∥Cancer Genetics Program, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United - - 2013
The matrix/capsid processing site in the HIV-1 Gag precursor is likely the most sensitive target to inhibit HIV-1 replication. We have previously shown that modest incomplete processing at the site leads to a complete loss of virion infectivity. In the study presented here, a sensitive assay based on fluorescence polarization ...
Balhana Ricardo J C RJ Department of Pathology and Pathogen Biology, The Royal Veterinary College, Camden, London, - - 2013
This study describes how bkaR, a highly conserved mycobacterial TetR-like transcriptional repressor, regulates a number of nearby genes that have associations with branched-chain keto-acid metabolism. bkaR (MSMEG_4718) was deleted from the nonpathogenic species Mycobacterium smegmatis, and changes in global gene expression were assessed using microarray analysis and reporter gene studies. ...
Cushman-Vokoun Allison M - - 2013
Objectives: To compare 2 laboratory assays commonly used in the evaluation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Fifty-three formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded NSCLC specimens were selected. Extracted DNA was analyzed using the EGFR RGQ Amplification Refractory Mutation System Scorpions probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction ...
Shin Dong Hyuk - - 2013
Following a chemical, biological, radiation and nuclear (CBRN) incident, prompt establishment of an advanced airway is required for patients with respiratory failure within the warm zone, while wearing personal protective equipment (PPE). Previous studies reported that intubation attempts were prolonged, and incidence of esophageal intubation was increased with conventional Macintosh ...
Brunnström Hans - - 2013
Objectives: To assess immunohistochemical (IHC) stains differentially expressed between different types of lung cancer. Methods: We evaluated 16 different IHC stains in 209 prospectively included, surgically treated primary lung cancers, including 121 adenocarcinomas, 65 squamous cell carcinomas, 15 large-cell carcinomas, 5 adenosquamous carcinomas, 2 sarcomatoid carcinomas, and 1 small-cell carcinoma, ...
Zhao Chengquan - - 2013
Objectives: To document screening test histories of women with histopathologic cervical glandular neoplasia (CGN) in a large integrated health system using new methods of cervical screening. Methods: Cervical screening test results were reviewed for 265 patients with histopathologic diagnoses of CGN, including 168 adenocarcinoma in situ, 80 invasive cervical adenocarcinoma, ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to determine whether protein S100B either alone or incorporated into clinical guidelines could be used to identify accurately those adults with mild head injury who had significant brain trauma. Thirty-five papers were found using the reported searches, of which nine presented the best evidence ...
Chen Zhongchuan Will - - 2013
Objectives: To test whether academic centers (ACs) are more successful than nonacademic centers (NACs) in immunohistochemistry (IHC) external quality assessment challenges in the Canadian Immunohistochemistry Quality Control (CIQC) program. Methods: Results of 9 CIQC challenges for breast cancer marker (BM) and various non-breast cancer marker (NBM) tests were examined. Success ...
Galván Jose A - - 2013
Objectives: To elucidate the role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NETs) and the potential usefulness in their clinical management. Methods: One hundred ten GEP NET paraffin-embedded samples were immunohistochemically analyzed for E-cadherin, N-cadherin, β-catenin, vimentin, Snail1, Snail2, Twist, and Foxc2 protein expression. Results: The 5-year survival ...
Rudzinski Erin R - - 2013
Objectives: To examine whether the frequency of fusion-negative alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMSn) increased coincident with changes in the definition of alveolar histology. Methods: We re-reviewed alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) in the Children's Oncology Group study D9803, comparing histopathology with fusion status. Results: Our review of 255 original ARMS cases (compared with a ...
Geurts-Giele Willemina R R - - 2013
Objectives: To address whether successive B-cell lymphomas, diagnosed within a 5- to 15-year interval, are recurrences or unrelated primary lymphomas. Methods: Immunoglobulin heavy and κ light chain gene rearrangements were studied using multiplex polymerase chain reaction fragment assays and sequence analysis in 61 patients. Results: Clonal patterns of the multiple ...
Senzel Lisa - - 2013
Objectives: Atypical nucleated RBCs (NRBCs) found on several patient blood smears between 2010 and 2012 were noted to resemble avian RBCs. NRBCs are not normally found in the circulation beyond the neonatal period and may indicate hematologic disease, malignancy in the bone marrow, or other severe conditions. Our blood smears ...
Nakamura Fumihiko - - 2013
Cell migration, phagocytosis and cytokinesis are mechanically intensive cellular processes that are mediated by the dynamic assembly and contractility of the actin cytoskeleton. GAPs (GTPase-activating proteins) control activities of the Rho family proteins including Cdc42, Rac1 and RhoA, which are prominent upstream regulators of the actin cytoskeleton. The present review ...
Salamon Rachel Schnur - - 2013
Class I PI 3-kinases signal by producing the signaling lipid phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5) trisphosphate, which in turn acts by recruiting downstream effectors that contain specific lipid-binding domains. The class I PI 3-kinases comprise four distinct catalytic subunits linked to one of seven different regulatory subunits. All the class I PI 3-kinases produce ...
Raghavendra P - - 2013
Youth use the Internet for a variety of purposes including social networking. Youth with disabilities are limited in their social networks and friendships with peers. The aim was to investigate the effectiveness of tailored one-on-one support strategies designed to facilitate social participation of youth with disabilities through the use of ...
Spahn Günther - - 2013
Background. Chronic fatigue is one of the most restricting symptoms following primary breast cancer treatment, but clinical studies on symptom management are rare. The objective was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal mind-body program (MMMT), including moderate physical activity as compared with a walking intervention alone, on chronic fatigue ...
Main Penelope A E - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorders are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental conditions characterised by impairments in reciprocal social interaction, communication and stereotyped behaviours. As increased DNA damage events have been observed in a range of other neurological disorders, it was hypothesised that they would be elevated in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) obtained ...
Aizer Ayal A - - 2013
The management of prostate cancer is complicated by the multitude of treatment options, the lack of proven superiority of one modality of management, and the presence of physician bias. Care at a multidisciplinary prostate cancer clinic offers patients the relative convenience of consultation with physicians of multiple specialties within the ...
Crook Juanita - - 2013
Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is extremely heterogeneous, ranging from an indolent chronic illness to an aggressive rapidly fatal systemic malignancy. The classic prognostic factors of tumor stage, prostate specific antigen level, and Gleason score have been used for over a decade to categorize patients at the time of diagnosis into ...
Cabrera Alvin R - - 2013
This manuscript reviews the clinical evidence for hypofractionation in prostate cancer, focusing on data from prospective trials. For the purposes of this manuscript, we categorize hypofractionation as moderate (2.4-4 Gy per fraction) or extreme (6.5-10 Gy per fraction). Five randomized controlled trials have evaluated moderate hypofractionation in >1500 men, with ...
Mantovani Alberto - - 2013
Macrophages are present in all body compartments, including cancerous tissues, and their functions are profoundly affected by signals from the microenvironment under homeostatic and pathological conditions. Tumor-associated macrophages are a major cellular component of cancer-related inflammation and have served as a paradigm for the plasticity and functional polarization of mononuclear ...
Groppi Diane E - - 2013
Objectives: To describe our experience, both in meeting challenges and in reporting outcomes, of the consolidation of anatomic pathology services in the North Shore-LIJ Health System in February 2011. Methods: We addressed issues of governance, personnel, physical plant, quality programming, connectivity, and education. Conclusions: The highly regulated nature of the ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to determine whether metoclopramide or prochlorperazine was better at relieving headache in patients attending the emergency department with acute migraine. Eighty-one papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and ...
Jaber Omar I - - 2013
Objectives: To report a case of a US resident, originally from Liberia, with chronic hepatitis C infection who developed acute neurologic symptoms of the lower limbs. Methods: Our case is compared to previously reported similar cases, with emphasis on clinical symptoms, investigations, diagnosis, and prognosis. Results: The patient was transferred ...
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