Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2623
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Zhang Chaolan - - 2013
Phytoremediation is a technology for extracting or inactivating pollutants in soil. Echinodorus osiris (E. osiris) is a fast growing perennial wetland plant that is common in tropical and subtropical areas and has a high tolerance to cadmium (Cd). However, the absorption dynamics, subcellular distribution and accumulation of Cd by E. ...
Moberly Steven P SP Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 635 Barnhill Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2013
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) has insulin-like effects on myocardial glucose uptake which may contribute to its beneficial effects in the setting of myocardial ischemia. Whether these effects are different in the setting of obesity or type 2 diabetes (T2DM) requires investigation. We examined the cardiometabolic actions of GLP-1 (7-36) in ...
Alivov Yahya - - 2013
Magnetic properties of undoped anatase, rutile, and amorphous titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes grown by electrochemical anodization were studied by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and electron spin resonance (ESR) methods in the temperature range 1.8-300 K. All anatase, rutile, and amorphous TiO2 nanotubes were found to exhibit paramagnetic behaviors in the ...
Huang Guochuang - - 2013
A cationic surfactant-assisted hydrothermal route is developed for the facile synthesis of graphene-like MoS2 /graphene (GL-MoS2 /G) composites based on the hydrothermal reduction of Na2 MoO4 and graphene oxide sheets with L-cysteine in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), following by annealling in N2 atmosphere. The GL-MoS2 /G composites are ...
Kapoor Shailendra - - 2013
Wang et al have provided interesting data in their recent article(1) . Interestingly, recent data suggests that celastrol exerts significant anti- neoplastic effects in other systemic malignancies. For instance, celastrol inhibits tumor growth in breast malignancies.
Terentiev A A - - 2013
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a major mammalian embryo-specific and tumor-associated protein that is also present in small quantities in adults at normal conditions. Discovery of the phenomenon of AFP biosynthesis in carcinogenesis by G. Abelev and Yu. Tatarinov 50 years ago, in 1963, provoked intensive studies of this protein. AFPs of some ...
Takata M - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder with no effective treatments. Fasudil hydrochloride (fasudil), a potent rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, is useful for the treatment of ischemic diseases. In previous report, fasudil improved pathology in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease and spinal muscular atrophy, but ...
Reinholz M - - 2013
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are double-stranded DNA viruses, which selectively infect keratinocytes in stratified epithelia. After an initial infection, many patients clear HPV. In some patients, however, HPV persist, and dysfunctional innate immune responses to HPV infection could be involved in the ineffective clearing of these viruses. In this study, the ...
He Jing Yu - - 2013
Codonopsis Radix has been prescribed as the roots of Codonopsis pilosula, C. pilosula var. modesta and C. tangshen in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. In order to find out genetic markers for identifying the 3 taxa and to authenticate Codonopsis Radix, the molecular analysis of the internal transcribed spacer sequence of nuclear ribosomal ...
Durandy Anne - - 2013
Primary antibody deficiencies (PADs) are the most common inherited immunodeficiencies in humans. The use of novel approaches, such as whole-exome sequencing and mouse genetic engineering, has helped to identify new genes that are involved in the pathogenesis of PADs and has enabled the characterization of the molecular pathways that are ...
Luo Zhenling - - 2013
To investigate the role of miRNA in controlling human embryonic stem (hES) cell differentiation towards the endothelial lineage and chick embryonic blood vessel formation, undifferentiated hES cells were first cultured on Matrigel coated flasks and in EGM-2 to initiate endothelial cell (EC) differentiation. CD146(+) cells were isolated from differentiating hES ...
Del Fabbro Massimo - - 2013
The present study aimed at reviewing the literature on extraradicular infections of endodontically treated teeth, summarizing the main hypotheses on etiopathogenesis and describing the most suitable techniques to identify the composition of pathogenic extraradicular microorganisms. Medline database was searched using the keywords "Apical biofilm," "extraradicular infection," "secondary endodontic lesion," "endodontic ...
Rach Jessica - - 2013
In toxicology, the strategies for testing the hazardous potential of substances are changing as a result of the ongoing progress in the development of in vitro methods and the demand of the authorities to reduce animal testing. Even in the complex field of inhalation toxicology with its high requirements on ...
Søndergaard Lars - - 2013
Aims: A new GORE® septal occluder (GSO) was granted CE mark in Europe in June 2011 for the treatment of patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defect. Major changes have been made to the device and delivery system compared to the HELEX® device. The new delivery system has simplified the ...
Michaelis I - - 2013
Objective: In context of the study farmers using an automated activity monitoring (AAM) system called Heatime were surveyed on estrus detection practices. The aim of the study was to gain an overview of the usual estrus detection methods and especially to learn about the practical aspects of that system. Material ...
Turati F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The number of original articles investigating the efficacy of cosmetic products in cellulite reduction increased rapidly in the last decade; however, to our knowledge, no systematic review and meta-analysis has been performed so far. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review of in vivo studies on humans adopting the PRISMA ...
Sundaramoorthy Vinod - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal and rapidly progressing neurodegenerative disorder and the majority of ALS is sporadic, where misfolding and aggregation of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is a feature shared with familial mutant-SOD1 cases. ALS is characterized by progressive neurospatial spread of pathology among motor neurons, and recently the ...
Oliver-Martos B - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to monitor the development of anti-natalizumab antibodies to evaluate their first appearance in multiple sclerosis patients, since their presence has been associated with a reduction in the efficacy of the treatment and an increase of adverse events. A total of 134 multiple sclerosis patients ...
Jung Christian - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Overweight and the metabolic syndrome have become major problems, especially in children and adolescents. Obesity at a young age increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus later in life. An early event in the development of cardiovascular disease is endothelial dysfunction which is found in ...
Linder Brian J - - 2013
The objective of this study is to compare the prevalence and risks factors for urolithiasis among health care professionals who work in the operating room (OR) versus other locations. Electronic surveys, focusing on a history of urolithiasis, were sent to 3,921 randomly selected employees at our institution, 34 % (1,340) of ...
Meignan Michel - - 2013
One hundred and seventy-five hemato-oncologists and nuclear medicine specialists from 23 countries joined the 2-day 4th International Workshop on Positron Emission Tomography in Lymphoma held in October 2012. The meeting was under the auspices of the European Lymphoma Institute, the Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) and Fondazione Italiana Linfomi (FIL). Thirty-nine ...
Godinho V - - 2013
A new approach is presented to produce amorphous porous silicon coatings (a-pSi) with closed porosity by magnetron sputtering of a silicon target. It is shown how the use of He as the process gas at moderated power (50-150 W RF) promotes the formation of closed nanometric pores during the growth of ...
Krstić Jelena - - 2013
The aim of this study was to elucidate how different oxygen levels impact the effects of Interleukin-17 (IL-17) on angiogenic properties of endothelial cells. Two endothelial cell lines, mouse MS-1 and human EA.hy 926, were grown at 20% and 3% O2 and, after IL-17 treatment, their angiogenic abilities: proliferation, apoptosis, ...
Gallo Michele - - 2013
Tissue engineering of heart valves investigates the possibility to create a fully compatible and biomimetic graft able to provide host cell repopulation like the native living valve. Decellularized aortic and pulmonary valves and synthetic polymers have been used to promote the creation of a native-like scaffold suitable to be colonized ...
Shi Rui - - 2013
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) catalyzes the initial step of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis in plants. Five PAL genes (PtrPAL1 to 5) have been identified in Populus trichocarpa. These genes are classified into two subgroups according to their transcript sequence similarity and tissue specificity. However, the regulation of these genes and their protein functions ...
You Sixiang - - 2013
SCOPE: Garlic is used for both culinary and medicinal purposes by many cultures. The garlic organosulfur compounds (GOSCs) are thought to be bioactive components. This study aims to clarify the antiinflammatory effects and molecular mechanisms of GOSCs in both cell and animal models. METHODS AND RESULTS: RAW264.7 cells were treated ...
Ahuja B L - - 2013
The first-ever electron momentum density (EMD) measurements of explosive materials namely RDX and HMX have been reported using 740 GBq 137Cs Compton spectrometer. Experimental Compton profiles (CPs) are compared with the EMDs derived from linear combination of atomic orbitals with density functional theory. It is found that the CPs deduced ...
Love Ryan J - - 2013
Connective tissue rapidly proliferates on and around biomaterials implanted in vivo, which impairs the function of the engineered tissues, biosensors, and devices. Glucocorticoids can be utilized to suppress tissue ingrowth, but can only be used for a limited time because they nonselectively arrest cell proliferation in the local environment. The ...
Manepalli Swapna - - 2013
AIM: To determine and correlate dental anxiety in children, using psychometric and physiological measures. METHODS: One hundred children (51 boys and 49 girls) were selected and anxiety was assessed using psychometric (Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale) and physiological measures (pulse rate and oxygen saturation levels), for local anesthetic administration. Statistical ...
Neuhaus Diego D Department of Anesthesia, University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
Classic rapid sequence induction puts pediatric patients at risk of cardiorespiratory deterioration and traumatic intubation due to their reduced apnea tolerance and related shortened intubation time. A 'controlled' rapid sequence induction and intubation technique (cRSII) with gentle facemask ventilation prior to intubation may be a safer and more appropriate approach ...
Gonzalez-Nieves Reyda R Department of Pathology, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD, 20814, - - 2013
Cell adhesion and migration are complex processes that require integrin activation, the formation and dissolution of focal adhesion (FAs), and linkage of actin cytoskeleton to the FAs. The IPP (ILK, PINCH, Parvin) complex regulates FA formation via binding of the adaptor protein ILK to β1 integrin, PINCH and parvin. The ...
de Bock Martin - - 2013
Phenolic compounds derived from the olive plant (Olea europaea L.), particularly hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein, have many beneficial effects in vitro. Olive leaves are the richest source of olive phenolic compounds, and olive leaf extract (OLE) is now a popular nutraceutical taken either as liquid or capsules. To quantify the bioavailability ...
McCoy Dana Charles - - 2013
Past research has found negative relationships between neighborhood structural disadvantage and students' academic outcomes. Comparatively little work has evaluated the associations between characteristics of neighborhoods and schools themselves. This study explored the longitudinal, reciprocal relationships between neighborhood crime and school-level academic achievement within 500 urban schools. Results revealed that higher ...
Suanyuk N - - 2013
Enteric septicaemia of catfish (ESC) caused by Edwardsiella ictaluri is becoming an increasing problem in aquaculture and has been reported worldwide in a variety of fish species. This study reports ESC in hybrid catfish, Clarias macrocephalus (Günther) × Clarias gariepinus (Burchell), cultured in southern Thailand. The bacteria were identified as E. ictaluri by ...
Ding Juan - - 2013
The current research aims to investigate whether soybean isoflavone (SIF) could alleviate the learning and memory deficit induced by β-amyloid peptides 1-42 (Aβ1-42) by protecting the synapses of rats. Adult male Wistar rats were randomly allocated to the following groups: (1) control group; (2) Aβ1-42 group; (3) SIF group; (4) ...
Starke A - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a new radiographic and measurement technique for use in the canine elbow (putting axial load on the joint during radiography and obtaining objective quantification of the resulting joint conformation), assess its reliability in relation to positioning artifacts and repeat measurements as ...
Park Eun-Young - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is difficult to differentiate functional heartburn from proton pump inhibitor (PPI) failure. The aims of this study were to assess the role of early wireless esophageal pH monitoring in patients referred with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and to identify differences in the clinical spectrum among GERD ...
Hettige Roland - - 2013
There is little evidence to suggest that bilateral nasal packing increases intra-nasal pressures compared to a single pack (or is well tolerated) for uncontrolled unilateral epistaxis, but it is often performed and justified on those grounds. 15 volunteers were recruited according to strict criteria. Rapid Rhino(®) 5.5 cm anterior packs were ...
Yarom Noam - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the available literature and define clinical practice guidelines for the use of natural agents for the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by the Mucositis Study Group of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in ...
Wesley Sunil Bala - - 2013
In the current study, ferritic stainless grades AISI 439 and AISI 444 were investigated as possible construction materials for machinery and equipment in the cane-sugar industry. Their performance in corrosive cane-sugar juice environment was compared with the presently used low carbon steel AISI 1010 and austenitic stainless steel AISI 304. ...
Lakin Robert A - - 2013
Aerobic exercise such as running, walking and cycling is known to elicit a post-exercise hypotensive (PEH) response in both trained and untrained subjects. However, it is not known if swim exercise produces a similar effect in normotensive individuals. The complex acute physiological responses to water immersion suggest swimming may affect ...
Ma Manxiu - - 2013
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is one of the most commonly used methods in cognitive neuroscience on humans. In recent decades, fMRI has also been used in the awake monkey experiments to localize functional brain areas and to compare the functional differences between human and monkey brains. Several procedures and ...
Sharma Mohita - - 2013
Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) developed biocathodes efficient for reduction of acetic and butyric acids to alcohols and acetone via direct electron transfer reaching current densities of 160-210 A m(-2).
Magaña-Monforte Juan Gabriel - - 2013
The objective was to evaluate the reproductive performance and productivity of Pelibuey ewes in two flocks in Southeastern Mexico. Animals grazed on irrigated star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus). In flock 1, lambs grazed with their mothers from 7 to 70 days of age (weaning age), whereas in flock 2, they were confined ...
Greenhouse Ian I Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720-1650, USA. - - 2013
Preparing to stop may "prime" the neural mechanism for stopping and alter brain activity at the time of stopping. Much electroencephalography (EEG) research has studied the N2/P3 complex over frontocentral electrodes during outright stopping. Here, we used differential reward of the stop and go processes in a stop signal task ...
Wiegand Susanne - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Carcinomas of the oropharyngeal and hypopharynx are difficult to treat because of their aggressive tendency to metastasize and their high recurrence rate. METHODS: A retrospective review of 79 patients with recurrences of oropharyngeal or hypopharyngeal carcinomas was performed. The courses of disease from recurrence diagnosis to the valuation date ...
Mathis S - - 2013
Several groupshave published flow cytometry scores useful for the diagnosis or prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), mainly based on the detection of immunophenotypic abnormalities in the maturation of granulocytic/monocytic and lymphoid lineages. Because anemia is the most frequent symptom of early MDS, the aim of this study was to identify ...
Fazal Loubina - - 2013
The cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in men and women in industrialised countries. While the impact of biological sex on cardiovascular pathophysiology has long been known, the sex-specific mechanisms mediating these processes have progressed during the last years. This review aims at analysing the sex-based differences in ...
Xiao Jingbo - - 2013
The anti-fibrotic, vasodilatory and pro-angiogenic therapeutic properties of recombinant relaxin peptide hormone have been investigated in several diseases, and recent clinical trial data has shown benefit in treating acute heart failure. However, the remodelling capacity of these peptide hormones is difficult to study in chronic settings because of their short ...
Sun Chia-Liang - - 2013
The atomistic nucleation sites of Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs) on N-doped carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs) were investigated using C and N K-edge and Pt L3-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES)/extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. Transmission electron microscopy and XANES/EXAFS results revealed that the self-organized Pt NPs on N-CNTs are ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >