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Rive Benoît - - 2013
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, memantine, is licensed for the treatment of moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease (AD). Memantine is administered both as a monotherapy and as an add-on therapy in patients already receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. Several meta-analyses have been published that examine the efficacy of memantine in the treatment of ...
Konrad José L - - 2013
Water buffalo industry has become a profitable activity worldwide, including the Northeast of Argentina (NEA). However, research on diseases affecting this species is scarce. The aim of the present study was to detect antibodies against Brucella abortus, Leptospira spp., Neospora caninum, Toxoplasma gondii, and Sarcocystis spp. in 500 water buffalo ...
Ruths Troy - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Forward-time population genetic simulations play a central role in deriving and testing evolutionary hypotheses. Such simulations may be data-intensive, depending on the settings to the various parameters controlling them. In particular, for certain settings, the data footprint may quickly exceed the memory of a single compute node. RESULTS: We ...
Cho In Ha - - 2013
Actin plays a fundamental role in the regulation of spine morphology (both shrinkage and enlargement) upon synaptic activation. In particular, actin depolymerization is crucial for the spine shrinkage in NMDAR-mediated synaptic depression. Here, we define the role of SPIN90 phosphorylation/dephosphorylation in regulating actin depolymerization via modulation of cofilin activity. When ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Socio-demographic factors were strongly associated with coping styles in pregnant women. We studied fertility postponement, a new increasing phenomenon in industrialized countries. Methods. We studied coping (The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, CISS, Endler & Parker, 1990) in 341 healthy pregnant women, with a median age of 34 ...
Blom Rachel L G M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is increasingly used in oesophageal cancer patients. In general, small tumours are associated with a survival benefit compared to large tumours. Little is known, however, about the relationship between initial tumour volume and response to chemoradiotherapy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether the ...
Külcü Çakmak S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Perniosis is a cold-induced inflammatory disorder of the acral areas. The objective of this study was to investigate the demographic characteristics, associated factors, clinical and laboratory findings in patients with perniosis and to compare those findings between patients who had recurrent and acute disease. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with perniosis ...
Idrees Muhammad T - - 2013
We investigated the role of OCT4 immunohistochemical staining in detecting germ cell tumor lymph node metastases. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection is important for staging and treatment of testicular germ cell tumors, and OCT4 is sensitive and specific for pluripotent testicular germ cell tumors; however, micrometastases, particularly from seminoma, can be ...
Kumar Naresh - - 2013
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the bi-axial flexural strength of experimental unfilled resins and resin-based composites at varying deformation rates following 1-week dry, 1-week wet, and 13-week wet storage regimes. METHODS: A total of 270 disc-shaped specimens (12 mm diameter, 1 mm thickness) of either unfilled resins ...
Pawłowska Monika - - 2013
The structure of a two-dimensional film formed by adsorbed polymer chains was studied by means of Monte Carlo simulations. The polymer chains were represented by linear sequences of lattice beads and positions of these beads were restricted to vertices of a two-dimensional square lattice. Two different Monte Carlo methods were ...
Lamb Christopher R - - 2013
There is a need to better understand how to optimally inspect large image datasets. The aim of the present study was to complement experimental studies of visual perception by using an online questionnaire to collect opinions of practicing veterinary radiologists about the approaches they use when inspecting clinical computed X-ray ...
Lee Hing-Biu - - 2013
The occurrence of triclosan (TCS), a general purpose antibacterial agent contained in numerous consumer and personal-care products, in the aquatic environment is well known. To a lesser degree, the formation of chlorinated and brominated derivatives of TCS during the chlorination of the antibacterial has also been reported. Presumably due to ...
Tajonar Adriana - - 2013
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are maintained in a self-renewing state by an interconnected network of mechanisms that sustain pluripotency, promote proliferation and survival, and prevent differentiation. We sought to find novel genes that could contribute to one or more of these processes by using a gain-of-function screen of a ...
Graziano Scott - - 2013
PURPOSE: Obstetric patients frequently experience changes in bowel function, throughout pregnancy and into the postpartum period. Little is known regarding the timing and consistency of bowel movements immediately postpartum. The primary aim of this study was to characterize the timing and consistency of the first bowel movement after obstetric delivery ...
Qiu Wensheng - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of nucleolin in tumorous tissues and corresponding non-malignant tissues in gastric cancer (GC), and the correlation of different expression sites with clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis. Immunohistochemistry was used for detecting the expression levels of nucleolin in GC tissues and corresponding ...
Egbuniwe Obi - - 2013
An immortalized human dental pulp stem cell (DPSC) line of an odontoblastic phenotype is established to circumvent the normal programmed senescence and to maintain the cell line's usefulness as a tool for further study of cellular activity. DPSCs are isolated from human dental pulp tissues and transfected using hTERT. The ...
Johnson Nigel R - - 2013
A systematic review of the literature from 1993 to 2011 was undertaken examining frequency data of the most common odontogenic cysts and tumors. Seven inclusion criteria were met for the paper to be incorporated. In the preliminary search 5231 papers were identified, of these 26 papers met the inclusion criteria. ...
de Graaff J C - - 2013
Intravenous cannulation can be difficult in children. Recently, new devices using near-infrared light to make blood vessels visible have become available. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of three such devices in facilitating peripheral intravenous cannulation in children. In this cluster randomised clinical trial, daily operating rooms at a tertiary ...
Dahyot Sandrine - - 2013
Only a few plasmid-borne AmpC (pAmpC) β-lactamases, such as CMY-2, can account for carbapenem resistance in Enterobacteriaceae in combination with outer membrane impermeability. The aim of this study was to elucidate the contribution of Asn-346, which is well-conserved among carbapenem-hydrolyzing pAmpCs, to the hydrolysis spectrum of CMY-2. Site-directed mutagenesis experiments ...
Gosse Julie A - - 2013
Arsenic (As) is considered a top environmental chemical of human health because it has been linked to adverse health effects including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and reproductive and developmental problems. In several cell culture and animal models, As acts as an endocrine disruptor, which may underlie many of its health ...
Chaudhary Lubna - - 2013
Studies comparing the efficacy and cost of peripheral blood stem and progenitor cells mobilization with low-dose cyclophosphamide (LD-CY) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) against plerixafor and G-CSF, in multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated in the novel therapy-era are not available. Herein, we report mobilization outcomes of 107 patients who underwent ...
Obinna-Echem Patience C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Akamu is a lactic acid fermented cereal-based food that constitutes a major infant complementary food in most West Africa countries. Identity of LAB population from DGGE analysis and conventionally isolated LAB and yeasts from traditionally fermented akamu were confirmed by PCR-sequencing analysis. The relationship between pH, acidity and lactic ...
Ito Hajime - - 2013
Numerous studies have focused on the mechanical control of solid structures and phase changes in molecular crystals. However, the molecular-level understanding of how macroscopic forces affect the molecules in a solid remains incomplete. Here we report that a small mechanical stimulus or solid seeding can trigger a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation from ...
Schäfers A - - 2013
Objective: The aim of the study was to establish reference values for haematological and clinical-chemical parameters in adult dogs and to evaluate whether they are influenced by age, sex and feeding. Material and methods: The study population consisted of 508 clinically healthy dogs of both genders and different breeds aged ...
Brenner Isabel - - 2013
The expression of IgG4 in malignant B-cell lymphomas has only partially been studied. Recent reports described single cases of marginal zone lymphomas arising in the ocular adnexae that express IgG4. Moreover, a subset of dura-associated marginal zone lymphomas appear to express IgG4 as well. We investigated IgG4 expression in a ...
Smith Peter M - - 2013
Objective To examine if the factors associated with days of absence following a work-related injury are similar for mental health versus musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. Methods A secondary analysis of wage replacement workers' compensation claims in the state of Victoria, Australia. We examined the relationship between individual, injury, occupational and workplace ...
Alberici Luciane C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that increased rates of superoxide generation by extra-mitochondrial enzymes induce the activation of the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel (mitoKATP) in the livers of hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) mice. The resulting mild uncoupling mediated by mitoKATP protects mitochondria against oxidative damage. In this study, we investigate whether immune ...
Nunes Daniela - - 2013
Nd:11Fe:Ti alloys prepared by arc melting followed by splat quenching and annealing have been investigated by electron microscopy. The as-cast microstructure evidenced an α-Fe(Ti) → NdFe11Ti → Nd2(Fe,Ti)17 solidification sequence compatible with a cascade of peritectic reactions. The Nd2(Fe,Ti)17 phase was not detected in the microstructure of the splat-quenched materials, ...
Sun Shao-Chen - - 2013
In contrast to symmetric division in mitosis, mammalian oocyte maturation is characterized by asymmetric cell division that produces a large egg and a small polar body. The asymmetry results from oocyte polarization, which includes spindle positioning, migration, and cortical reorganization, and this process is critical for fertilization and the retention ...
Li Yanxiao - - 2013
Monodispersed truncated octahedral (TOH) Au nanoparticles (NPs) with an average edge-length of about 16 nm were synthesized using poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) both as a stabilizing and reducing agent via a one-step reaction. Remarkably, no seeds, surfactants or additional reductant were used in this reaction. In addition, the PDDA molecules on the ...
Wobber Victoria - - 2013
There is very little research comparing great ape and human cognition developmentally. In the current studies we compared a cross-sectional sample of 2- to 4-year-old human children (n = 48) with a large sample of chimpanzees and bonobos in the same age range (n = 42, hereafter: apes) on a broad array of cognitive ...
Kjeldsen Lisbeth Stigaard - - 2013
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are a large group of chemicals used in different industrial and commercial applications. Studies have suggested the potential of some PFCs to disrupt endocrine homeostasis, increasing the risk of adverse health effects. This study aimed to elucidate mechanisms behind PFC interference with steroid hormone receptor functions. Seven ...
Carneiro Thiane N - - 2013
PECs of chitosan/κ-carrageenan are prepared in three different volumetric rations. The complex formation is characterized in order to evaluate the blending formation. Blood compatibility is evaluated by protein adsorption (BSA and fibrinogen) and PEC toxicities are determined with fibroblast cell viability and proliferation. The swelling degree of PECs decreases when ...
Sunada Yusuke - - 2013
Although discrete nano-sized compounds consisting of a monolayer sheet of multiple atoms have attracted much attention, monolayer transition metal nanosheets are difficult to access. Here we report a template synthesis of the folding metal nanosheet (2) consisting of 11 palladium atoms by treatment of a ladder polysilane, decaisopropylbicyclo[2.2.0]hexasilane (1), with ...
Münster M - - 2013
Objective: Pathologic gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has been demonstrated experimentally in dogs, and it is suspected to occur naturally in dogs, yet its clinical significance is unknown. The aim of the study was to demonstrate clinical indicators of pathologic GER in dogs with idiopathic esophagopathies. Materials and methods: Dogs with clinical ...
Satoh Hiroshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effects of feeding conditions (fasted or fed) and dietary fiber (DF) in the diet on gastrointestinal (GI) damage induced by aspirin (ASA) were examined in cats. METHODS: Plain ASA (P-ASA, 20 mg/kg) or one enteric-coated ASA tablet (EC-ASA, containing 100 mg ASA) was administered p.o. once daily for 3 or ...
Wei Y Y Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2013
Recent studies have implicated the innate immunity system in the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Toll-like receptor (TLR) genes encode key innate immunity signal initiators. We recently identified multiple genes, known to be regulated by TLRs, to be overexpressed in MDS bone marrow (BM) CD34+ cells, and hypothesized that TLR ...
Fernández-Buenaga R R Vissum Corporation, Alicante, - - 2013
To study the predisposing factors for late in-the-bag intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation and to analyze the outcomes after explantation surgery. In this retrospective multicentre study, 61 eyes were enrolled. The main inclusion criterion was in-the-bag spontaneous IOL dislocation after uneventful phacoemulsification cataract extraction. Only eyes with serious dislocation that required ...
Tuncer Ersin - - 2013
Tularemia is a zoonosis caused by Francisella tularensis. Tularemia outbreaks occurred in Central Anatolia during 2009 and 2011. We evaluated the clinical characteristics and cytomorphologies of fine needle aspirations (FNAs) from cervical lymph nodes in serologically confirmed tularemia cases. To our knowledge, this is the first large series concerning FNA ...
Zaringhalam Jalal - - 2013
OBJECTS AND DESIGN: Regarding to anti-inflammatory role of interleukin (IL) 10, its inhibitory effects on p38MAPK activity and, different pro and anti-inflammatory roles of activated p38MAPK in cells, this study was aimed to investigate relationship between serum IL10 level and p38MAPK enzyme activity on behavioral and cellular aspects variation of ...
Oso Abimbola Oladele - - 2013
A 56-day feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of dried ginger meal (DGM) on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum parameters, gut morphology, and microflora of growing helmeted guinea fowl (Numidia meleagris). One hundred sixty 28-day-old male keets were assigned to four dietary treatments. There ...
Bishop Dorothy V M DV Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, 9 South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK. - - 2013
In most people, language is processed predominantly by the left hemisphere of the brain, but we do not know how or why. A popular view is that developmental language disorders result from a poorly lateralized brain, but until recently, evidence has been weak and indirect. Modern neuroimaging methods have made ...
Jørgensen Christinna V - - 2013
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is important for neuronal survival and plasticity. Incorporation of matured receptor proteins is an integral part of synapse formation. However, whether BDNF increases synthesis and integration of receptors in functional synapses directly is unclear. We are particularly interested in the regulation of the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A ...
Becker Petra M - - 2013
This paper gives an insight into key factors, which impair enzymatic protein digestion. By nature, some proteins in raw products are already poorly digestible because of structural peculiarities, or due to their occurrence in plant cytoplasmic organelles or in cell membranes. In plant-based protein, molecular and structural changes can be ...
Nissim Rita - - 2013
The reduction of oxygen is studied in aqueous solutions of pH 6.22-8.01, at a carbon paste electrode fabricated from dioctyl phthalate (oil) and graphite. Two two-electron voltammetric waves are usually seen on carbon electrodes, associated with the formation of hydrogen peroxide and water, respectively. However, an additional signal is seen ...
Kuzdan Canan - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between cord blood alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level and development of subsequent neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Study design: The term newborns born between March 2005 and October 2005 were included in the study. Infants with Coombs-positive ABO and/or Rh incompatibility and/or ...
Saikia Rashmi Rekha - - 2013
Accumulation of oily sludge is becoming a serious environmental threat, and there has not been much work reported for the removal of hydrocarbon from refinery tank bottom sludge. Effort has been made in this study to investigate the removal of hydrocarbon from refinery sludge by isolated biosurfactant-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa RS29 ...
McKee Chad M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) has been implicated in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling, angiogenesis and inflammation. However, the targets for proteolysis that lead to these physiological consequences are often undefined as is the regulation of MMP9 itself. Therefore, identification of both the potential direct and indirect targets of MMP9 is ...
Jana Barbara - - 2013
The effect of testosterone on the morphological and chemical plasticity of the porcine caudal mesenteric ganglion (CaMG) ovary-projecting neurons was investigated. To identify the neurons on day 3 of the estrous cycle, the ovaries of both the control and experimental gilts were injected with Fast Blue retrograde neuronal tracer. From ...
Mašán Peter - - 2013
Proctolaelaps euserratus Karg, 1994 (Acari, Mesostigmata, Melicharidae), exclusivelly known from the Galápagos Islands till now, is newly reported from decaying matter of animal and human decomposition in various countries of Europe (Slovakia, Spain, United Kingdom). In consequence of high levels of necrophilia, the species is considered to be ecologically unusual ...
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