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Results 301 - 350 of 2613
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Durand Corentin - - 2013
We report a significant and persistent enhancement of the conductivity in free-standing non-intentionally doped InAs nanowires upon irradiation in ultra-high vacuum. Combining four-point probe transport measurements performed on nanowires with different surface chemistries, field effect based measurements and numerical simulations of the electron density, the change in the conductivity is ...
Rach Jessica - - 2013
In toxicology, the strategies for testing the hazardous potential of substances are changing as a result of the ongoing progress in the development of in vitro methods and the demand of the authorities to reduce animal testing. Even in the complex field of inhalation toxicology with its high requirements on ...
Almalla Mohammad - - 2013
Objective. Drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is a very effective treatment of bare-metal stent restenosis (BMS-ISR). Therapeutic options for DES-ISR are less well defined, as there are only few data on safety and effectiveness of interventional modalities. This study compared the one year clinical outcome after use of drug-eluting balloon (DEB) ...
Arita Hideyuki - - 2013
Telomere lengthening is one of the key events in most cancers, and depends largely on telomerase activation. Telomerase activation is a well-known phenomenon in gliomas; however, its mechanism remains obscure. In this study, we investigated the presence of mutations in the promoter of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene in ...
Lu Yi - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in proximal humerus fractures with delayed presentation. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. SETTING: Level III. METHODS: From June 2005 to June 2010, thirty-nine (39) proximal humerus fractures were treated with ORIF after a delay of 21-120 days from the ...
Magaña-Monforte Juan Gabriel - - 2013
The objective was to evaluate the reproductive performance and productivity of Pelibuey ewes in two flocks in Southeastern Mexico. Animals grazed on irrigated star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus). In flock 1, lambs grazed with their mothers from 7 to 70 days of age (weaning age), whereas in flock 2, they were confined ...
Oso Abimbola Oladele - - 2013
A 56-day feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of dried ginger meal (DGM) on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum parameters, gut morphology, and microflora of growing helmeted guinea fowl (Numidia meleagris). One hundred sixty 28-day-old male keets were assigned to four dietary treatments. There ...
Konrad José L - - 2013
Water buffalo industry has become a profitable activity worldwide, including the Northeast of Argentina (NEA). However, research on diseases affecting this species is scarce. The aim of the present study was to detect antibodies against Brucella abortus, Leptospira spp., Neospora caninum, Toxoplasma gondii, and Sarcocystis spp. in 500 water buffalo ...
Chaturvedi Pankaj - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The cost-effectiveness of the frozen section for assessment of margin in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still contentious. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether gross examination of margin is an alternative to frozen section. METHODS: It was a prospective observational study in 145 ...
Søndergaard Lars - - 2013
Aims: A new GORE® septal occluder (GSO) was granted CE mark in Europe in June 2011 for the treatment of patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defect. Major changes have been made to the device and delivery system compared to the HELEX® device. The new delivery system has simplified the ...
Kambham Ajay Kumar - - 2013
Nowadays, technological developments towards advanced nano scale devices such as FinFETs and TFETs require a fundamental understanding of three-dimensional doping incorporation, activation and diffusion, as these details directly impact decisive parameters such as gate overlap and doping conformality and thus the device performance. Whereas novel doping methods such as plasma ...
Araiza-Olivera Daniela - - 2013
In the Saccharomyces cerevisiae glycolytic pathway, eleven enzymes catalyze the stepwise conversion of glucose to 2 molecules of ethanol plus 2 CO2 s. In the highly crowded cytoplasm, this pathway would be very inefficient if it were dependent on substrate/enzyme diffusion. Therefore, the existence of a multienzymatic glycolytic complex has ...
Zhang Chaolan - - 2013
Phytoremediation is a technology for extracting or inactivating pollutants in soil. Echinodorus osiris (E. osiris) is a fast growing perennial wetland plant that is common in tropical and subtropical areas and has a high tolerance to cadmium (Cd). However, the absorption dynamics, subcellular distribution and accumulation of Cd by E. ...
Chen Rui-Qiang - - 2013
PURPOSE: Although the occurrence and progression of AIS has been linked to low bone mineral density (BMD), the relationships between spinal curvature and bilateral differences in proximal femur BMD are controversial. Few correlation studies have stratified patients by curve type. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships ...
Rodríguez-Vela Javier - - 2013
PURPOSE: Supporters of minimally invasive approaches for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) have reported short-term advantages associated with a reduced soft tissue trauma. Nevertheless, mid- and long-term outcomes and specifically those involving physical activities have not been adequately studied. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes ...
Külcü Çakmak S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Perniosis is a cold-induced inflammatory disorder of the acral areas. The objective of this study was to investigate the demographic characteristics, associated factors, clinical and laboratory findings in patients with perniosis and to compare those findings between patients who had recurrent and acute disease. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with perniosis ...
Bishop Sean R - - 2013
The kinetics for Schottky defect (Tl and Br vacancy pair) formation and annihilation in ionically conducting TlBr are characterized through a temperature induced conductivity relaxation technique. Near room temperature, defect generation-annihilation was found to take on the order of hours before equilibrium was reached after a step change in temperature, ...
Shi Rui - - 2013
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) catalyzes the initial step of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis in plants. Five PAL genes (PtrPAL1 to 5) have been identified in Populus trichocarpa. These genes are classified into two subgroups according to their transcript sequence similarity and tissue specificity. However, the regulation of these genes and their protein functions ...
Girma Sourafel - - 2013
Previous work based on conjectural responses of minors predicted that the 2003 Texas requirement for parental consent for state-funded birth control to minors would lead to a large increase in underage pregnancies. We use state- and county-level data to test this prediction. The latter allow us to compare the impact ...
Kohan A A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the performance of PET/MRI at tissue interfaces with different attenuation values for detecting lymph node (LN) metastases and for accurately measuring maximum standardised uptake values (SUVmax) in lung cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Eleven patients underwent PET/CT and PET/MRI for staging, restaging or follow-up of suspected or known ...
Angeletti Chiara - - 2013
Low back pain is usually self-limited. The transition from acute to chronic LBP is influenced by physical and psychological factors. Identification of all contributing factors, in a mass emergency setting, differentiating primary and secondary life-threatening forms of LBP, is the best approach for success. Aims of the present report were ...
Park Eun-Young - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is difficult to differentiate functional heartburn from proton pump inhibitor (PPI) failure. The aims of this study were to assess the role of early wireless esophageal pH monitoring in patients referred with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and to identify differences in the clinical spectrum among GERD ...
Jung Peter - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Nailfold capillaroscopy of fingers is an important tool for diagnosis and monitoring of collagen-vascular diseases. However, little is known about capillaroscopy of toes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Capillaroscopy of the first and second toe was performed in 50 healthy volunteers and 67 patients with chronic venous insufficiency (n = 22), ...
Shon Wonwoo - - 2013
Cartilaginous tumors of soft tissue are uncommon, with benign chondromas of soft parts greatly outnumbering rare soft-tissue chondrosarcomas. Over the past several years, we have seen in consultation a distinctive, benign-appearing chondroid soft-tissue lesion of the plantar foot that differs in a number of respects from chondroma of soft parts. ...
Singhi Aatur D - - 2013
Oral leukoplakia is a relatively common, painless disorder of the oral mucosa. It predominantly affects middle-aged to elderly men and has a strong association with tobacco smoking and alcohol intake. Concomitant histological findings of hyperorthokeratosis and a well-developed granular cell layer, termed orthokeratotic dysplasia, are often associated with oral squamous ...
Buza Natalia - - 2013
HER2 overexpression and/or amplification have been reported in endometrial serous carcinoma, suggesting that HER2 may be a promising therapeutic target. However, there is considerable variation in the reported rates of HER2 overexpression and amplification, likely-at least in part-resulting from variability in the testing methods, interpretation, and scoring criteria used. Unlike ...
Johnson Nigel R - - 2013
A systematic review of the literature from 1993 to 2011 was undertaken examining frequency data of the most common odontogenic cysts and tumors. Seven inclusion criteria were met for the paper to be incorporated. In the preliminary search 5231 papers were identified, of these 26 papers met the inclusion criteria. ...
Yamanaka Kenya - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the only curative treatment of biliary tract cancer (BTC). However, the prognosis of BTC remains unsatisfactory. The aim of this study is to evaluate the benefits of adjuvant gemcitabine chemotherapy for BTC. METHODS: We performed a historical cohort study that involved 198 patients who underwent R0 ...
Garrouste-Orgeas M - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess physician decisions about ICU admission for life-sustaining treatments (LSTs). METHODS: Observational simulation study of physician decisions for patients aged ≥80 years. Each patient was allocated at random to four physicians who made decisions based on actual bed availability and existence of an additional bed before and after obtaining ...
Philippart F - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess preferences among individuals aged ≥80 years for a future hypothetical critical illness requiring life-sustaining treatments. METHODS: Observational cohort study of consecutive community-dwelling elderly individuals previously hospitalised in medical or surgical wards and of volunteers residing in nursing homes or assisted-living facilities. The participants were interviewed at their ...
de Bock Martin - - 2013
Phenolic compounds derived from the olive plant (Olea europaea L.), particularly hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein, have many beneficial effects in vitro. Olive leaves are the richest source of olive phenolic compounds, and olive leaf extract (OLE) is now a popular nutraceutical taken either as liquid or capsules. To quantify the bioavailability ...
Turati F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The number of original articles investigating the efficacy of cosmetic products in cellulite reduction increased rapidly in the last decade; however, to our knowledge, no systematic review and meta-analysis has been performed so far. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review of in vivo studies on humans adopting the PRISMA ...
Rodrigues Amelia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pediatric oncology patients can experience opioid-induced constipation, which may not respond to laxative treatment. Methylnaltrexone is an opioid receptor antagonist that can reverse opioid-induced constipation without affecting analgesia. Published literature on the use of methylnaltrexone in children is very limited. This retrospective review describes the effectiveness and safety of ...
Bhana Saheel - - 2013
Aim: To develop a simple assay for the capture and detection of rare cancer cells in whole blood using iron oxide-gold (IO-Au) nanoparticles. Materials & methods: IO-Au nanoovals (NOVs) were synthesized, coated with Raman tags and linked with antibodies targeting breast cancer. An integrated system was constructed for on-line magnetic ...
Rasmussen Jon B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess albuminuria in rural Zambia among patients with diabetes mellitus only (DM group), hypertension only (HTN group) and patients with combined DM and HTN (DM/HTN group). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at St. Francis Hospital in the Eastern province of Zambia. Albumin-creatinine ratio in one urine sample ...
Mathis S - - 2013
Several groupshave published flow cytometry scores useful for the diagnosis or prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), mainly based on the detection of immunophenotypic abnormalities in the maturation of granulocytic/monocytic and lymphoid lineages. Because anemia is the most frequent symptom of early MDS, the aim of this study was to identify ...
You Sixiang - - 2013
SCOPE: Garlic is used for both culinary and medicinal purposes by many cultures. The garlic organosulfur compounds (GOSCs) are thought to be bioactive components. This study aims to clarify the antiinflammatory effects and molecular mechanisms of GOSCs in both cell and animal models. METHODS AND RESULTS: RAW264.7 cells were treated ...
Francius Cédric - - 2013
Understanding how thousands of different neuronal types are generated in the CNS constitutes a major challenge for developmental neurobiologists and is a prerequisite before considering cell or gene therapies of nervous lesions or pathologies. During embryonic development, spinal motor neurons (MNs) segregate into distinct subpopulations that display specific characteristics and ...
Pitt T L - - 2013
Several antimicrobial cocktail solutions of differing composition and concentrations are widely used to decontaminate viable banked tissue allografts at different temperatures and times of exposure. We compared the efficiency of four cocktails comprising nine antimicrobials to kill suspensions of a panel of 27 strains of 13 bacterial species, and 3 ...
Morales Pedraza Jorge - - 2013
During the past four decades, many tissue banks have been established across the world with the aim of supplying sterilized tissues for clinical use and research purposes. Between 1972 and 2005, the International Atomic Energy Agency supported the establishment of more than sixty of these tissue banks in Latin America ...
Akar Servet - - 2013
We evaluated the relationship between the baseline sacroiliac joint (SIJ) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and the development of radiographic sacroiliitis and tested their prognostic significance in cases of ankylosing spondylitis. Patients who had undergone an SIJ MRI at the rheumatology department were identified. Individuals for whom pelvic X-rays were ...
Oliver-Martos B - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to monitor the development of anti-natalizumab antibodies to evaluate their first appearance in multiple sclerosis patients, since their presence has been associated with a reduction in the efficacy of the treatment and an increase of adverse events. A total of 134 multiple sclerosis patients ...
Lechinger Julia - - 2013
Patients suffering from disorders of consciousness still present a diagnostic challenge due to the fact that their assessment is mainly based on behavioral scales with their motor responses often being strongly impaired. We therefore focused on resting electroencephalography (EEG) in order to reveal potential alternative measures of the patient's current ...
Milovanovic Petar - - 2013
On the basis of the suggestion that bone nanostructure bears "tissue age" information and may reflect surface deposition/modification processes, we performed nanoscale characterization of the external cortical bone surface at the femoral neck in women using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The specific aims were to assess age-related differences in bone ...
Nissim Rita - - 2013
The reduction of oxygen is studied in aqueous solutions of pH 6.22-8.01, at a carbon paste electrode fabricated from dioctyl phthalate (oil) and graphite. Two two-electron voltammetric waves are usually seen on carbon electrodes, associated with the formation of hydrogen peroxide and water, respectively. However, an additional signal is seen ...
Fritsch Valerie A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare subtype squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) that frequently occurs in the larynx. BSCC is generally considered an aggressive SCC variant; however, because of its rarity, most studies are underpowered to detect statistical differences in disease-specific survival (DSS). METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, ...
Alivov Yahya - - 2013
Magnetic properties of undoped anatase, rutile, and amorphous titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes grown by electrochemical anodization were studied by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and electron spin resonance (ESR) methods in the temperature range 1.8-300 K. All anatase, rutile, and amorphous TiO2 nanotubes were found to exhibit paramagnetic behaviors in the ...
Yao Linyin - - 2013
Decreased volume of gray matter (GM) was observed in olfactory loss in patients with neurodegenerative disorder. However, GM volume has not yet been investigated in isolated congenital anosmia (ICA) people. We herewith investigated the volume change of gray matter of an ICA boy by morphometric analysis of magnetic resonance images ...
Jung Christian - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Overweight and the metabolic syndrome have become major problems, especially in children and adolescents. Obesity at a young age increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus later in life. An early event in the development of cardiovascular disease is endothelial dysfunction which is found in ...
Hettige Roland - - 2013
There is little evidence to suggest that bilateral nasal packing increases intra-nasal pressures compared to a single pack (or is well tolerated) for uncontrolled unilateral epistaxis, but it is often performed and justified on those grounds. 15 volunteers were recruited according to strict criteria. Rapid Rhino(®) 5.5 cm anterior packs were ...
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