Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2612
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Wei Wei - - 2013
Iodine is essential for the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, including triiodothyronine and thyroxine. Thyroid hormones are important for central nervous system development. Mild maternal iodine deficiency (ID)-induced hypothyroxinemia causes neurological deficits and mental retardation of fetus. However, the detailed mechanism underlying these deficits is still largely unknown. Given that the ...
Griese Daniel P - - 2013
Objectives Aim of this study was to analyse feasibility, efficacy and safety of a double-ProGlide preclose-technique for access site closure after transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Background An effective and safe transcutaneous closure device is advantageous in transfemoral TAVI to avoid surgical cut down of the large calibre sheath ...
Ugwu Emmanuel Onyebuchi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness and safety of membrane stripping at 40-41 weeks of gestation as a means of preventing post-term pregnancy and the need for formal induction of labor in Enugu, Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: A randomized controlled trial of 134 post-date pregnant women at the University of Nigeria ...
Graziano Scott - - 2013
PURPOSE: Obstetric patients frequently experience changes in bowel function, throughout pregnancy and into the postpartum period. Little is known regarding the timing and consistency of bowel movements immediately postpartum. The primary aim of this study was to characterize the timing and consistency of the first bowel movement after obstetric delivery ...
Vaizoglu Ferdi - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine clinicopathological risk factors associated with lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: Clinicopathological data of patients who underwent comprehensive surgical staging for clinical early stage EC between 2001 and 2010 at Hacettepe University Hospital was retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Two hundred and sixty-one patients were included. There ...
Shen Yu-Chu - - 2013
PURPOSE: Episiotomy is one of the most commonly performed procedures among women of childbearing age in the United States. In 2005, a major systematic review conducted by Hartmann and colleagues recommended against routine use of episiotomy and was widely covered in the media. We assessed the impact of the Hartman ...
Yu Linwei - - 2013
Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) grown on low-cost substrates provide an ideal framework for the monolithic fabrication of radial junction photovoltaics. However, the quality of junction formation over a random matrix of SiNWs, fabricated via a vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism, has never been assessed in a realistic context. To address this, we probe ...
Fenétrier E - - 2013
Primary care practitioners constitute key stakeholders in the surveillance and control of epidemic-prone infectious diseases. We carried out a survey in Reunion Island two years after the 2006 chikungunya epidemic using a purposive random sample of 100 general practitioners (GP). The objective was to describe and identity factors associated to ...
Peton M - - 2013
In Reunion Island, the risk of emerging infectious diseases lies mainly in several viral zoonoses: West Nile fever, Sindbis virus, Nipah virus, Wesselsbron virus, Rift Valley fever and Japanese encephalitis. There morbidity and consequences are more or less important but they all have a non-negligible epidemic potential, so they have ...
McKee Chad M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) has been implicated in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling, angiogenesis and inflammation. However, the targets for proteolysis that lead to these physiological consequences are often undefined as is the regulation of MMP9 itself. Therefore, identification of both the potential direct and indirect targets of MMP9 is ...
Varelogianni Georgia - - 2013
Ambroxol, a mucokinetic anti-inflammatory drug, has been used for treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF). The respiratory epithelium is covered by the airway surface liquid, the thickness and composition of which is determined by Cl(-) efflux via the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and Na(+) influx via the epithelial Na(+) ...
Rittig Nikolaj - - 2013
AIMS: To investigate the relevance of enuresis subtyping for selection of treatment modality and for long-term outcome in a large consecutive patient cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all patients referred for urinary incontinence during a 5-year period but excluding recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI). Type and severity of incontinence, ...
Choi Kang-Seuk - - 2013
Three isolates of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were isolated from tracheal samples of dead village chickens in two provinces (Phnom Penh and Kampong Cham) in Cambodia during 2011-2012. All of these Cambodian NDV isolates were categorized as velogenic pathotype, based on in vivo pathogenicity tests and F cleavage site motif ...
Blatter Joshua A - - 2013
Patients with neuromuscular disorders undergoing general anesthesia present a special set of respiratory problems for perioperative management. While there are disease-specific concerns, there are many common themes in the respiratory management of patients with neuromuscular disorders. These problems are discussed in this review. Such common perioperative concerns include upper airway ...
Duan Yuqing - - 2013
The present study investigated the effects of lotus seedpod procyanidins (LSPCs) administered by oral gavage on the cognitive deficits and oxidative damage of mice at extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) exposure (50 Hz, 8 mT, 28 days). The results showed that 90 mg kg(-1) LSPCs treatment significantly increased body ...
Procino Alfredo - - 2013
Fat distribution is associated with metabolic risk; differences in cellular characteristics and metabolic functions of these depots have been described, but the molecular mechanisms involved are not understood. The pathogenesis and pathophysiology of metabolic disease can well be understood by studying the molecular mechanisms that control the development and function ...
Qiu Wensheng - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of nucleolin in tumorous tissues and corresponding non-malignant tissues in gastric cancer (GC), and the correlation of different expression sites with clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis. Immunohistochemistry was used for detecting the expression levels of nucleolin in GC tissues and corresponding ...
Bhalla Yashika - - 2013
Natural essential oil constituents play an important role in cancer prevention and treatment. Essential oil constituents from aromatic herbs and dietary plants include monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, oxygenated monoterpenes, oxygenated sesquiterpenes, phenolics and others. Various mechanisms like antioxidant, antimutagenic, anti-proliferative, enhancement of immune functions and surveillance, enzyme induction and enhancing detoxification, modulation ...
Kusumanchi P - - 2013
Colorectal cancer cells exhibit limited cytotoxicity towards Tiazofurin, a pro-drug metabolized by cytosolic nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase2 (NMNAT2) to thiazole-4-carboxamide adenine dinucleotide, a potent inhibitor of inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase required for cellular guanylate synthesis. We tested the hypothesis that colorectal cancer cells that exhibit low levels of NMNAT2 and are refractory ...
Wetzel Nicole - - 2013
Unexpected novel sounds can capture our attention and impair performance. Recent behavioral research revealed that only novel sounds that provided target-related (but not task-related) information impaired performance. This poses the question of the automaticity of novelty processing and its expression at the behavioral level. In an auditory-visual oddball paradigm, the ...
Tranos Paris - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To report a newly recognised advert event of clarithromycin. Methods: Retrospective, case report. Results: A 30-year old female referred to our centre with bilateral diffuse iris atrophy after the use of oral clarithromycin for a pulmonary infection. Conclusions: Bilateral acute depigmentation of the iris is a new clinical ...
Guo Wen-Yong - - 2013
After its introduction into North America, Euro-Asian Phragmites australis became an aggressive invasive wetland grass along the Atlantic coast of North America. Its distribution range has since expanded to the middle, south and southwest of North America, where invasive P. australis has replaced millions of hectares of native plants in ...
Reinholz M - - 2013
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are double-stranded DNA viruses, which selectively infect keratinocytes in stratified epithelia. After an initial infection, many patients clear HPV. In some patients, however, HPV persist, and dysfunctional innate immune responses to HPV infection could be involved in the ineffective clearing of these viruses. In this study, the ...
Politano A - - 2013
High-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy is used to study the electronic properties of thin Ag layers on Ni(111). In addition to the ordinary surface plasmon at 3.8 eV, we observe a broad feature at 7-8 eV, whose nature is investigated as a function of scattering geometry and primary electron beam energy. Loss ...
Pistone Giuseppe - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: We want to show that there are differences between males and females in the response to drug treatment, and consequently the potential for adverse drugs reactions; it is only fair to take into account the so-called "gender based medicine". Methods: We again selected admission for CADRs, from January ...
Krstić Jelena - - 2013
The aim of this study was to elucidate how different oxygen levels impact the effects of Interleukin-17 (IL-17) on angiogenic properties of endothelial cells. Two endothelial cell lines, mouse MS-1 and human EA.hy 926, were grown at 20% and 3% O2 and, after IL-17 treatment, their angiogenic abilities: proliferation, apoptosis, ...
Petaros Anja - - 2013
Anatomy has a long history that started with dissection of animals and then expanded and flourished thanks to dissections performed on human bodies. Artists had a crucial role in uncovering the secrets of human anatomy. While most studies have focused on the influence of famous Renaissance artists on human anatomy ...
Zaringhalam Jalal - - 2013
OBJECTS AND DESIGN: Regarding to anti-inflammatory role of interleukin (IL) 10, its inhibitory effects on p38MAPK activity and, different pro and anti-inflammatory roles of activated p38MAPK in cells, this study was aimed to investigate relationship between serum IL10 level and p38MAPK enzyme activity on behavioral and cellular aspects variation of ...
Raynor L A - - 2013
Many of the genetic variants identified via genome-wide association studies (GWAS) appear to have larger parameter estimates for younger onset cancers compared with adult onset cancers. We used data from the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHRGI) Catalog of Published GWAS to test the hypothesis that the magnitude of the ...
Haab F - - 2013
AIM: NK-1 receptors in sensory nerves, the spinal cord and bladder smooth muscle participate in complex sensory mechanisms that regulate bladder activity. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of a new NK-1 receptor antagonist, netupitant, in patients with OAB. METHODS: This was a phase II, multicenter, ...
Egbuniwe Obi - - 2013
An immortalized human dental pulp stem cell (DPSC) line of an odontoblastic phenotype is established to circumvent the normal programmed senescence and to maintain the cell line's usefulness as a tool for further study of cellular activity. DPSCs are isolated from human dental pulp tissues and transfected using hTERT. The ...
Alegria-Barrero Eduardo - - 2013
Aims: Percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair with the MitraClip® was shown to be a safe and feasible alternative compared to conventional surgical mitral valve repair. We analyse the concept of the central clip and the predictors for the need of more than one MitraClip® in our high-risk surgical population with ...
Blom Rachel L G M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is increasingly used in oesophageal cancer patients. In general, small tumours are associated with a survival benefit compared to large tumours. Little is known, however, about the relationship between initial tumour volume and response to chemoradiotherapy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether the ...
Aguiar Paulo - - 2013
The computational properties of a neuron are intimately related to its morphology. However, unlike electrophysiological properties, it is not straightforward to collapse the complexity of the three-dimensional (3D) structure into a small set of measurements accurately describing the structural properties. This strong limitation leads to the fact that many studies ...
Hao Xing - - 2013
The urinary trypsin inhibitor (ulinastatin) is used in the clinic to prevent inflammatory responses in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); however, the anti-inflammatory mechanism is unclear. In the current study, we recruited 40 patients undergoing selective cardiac valve replacement surgery; and these patients were randomly divided into two groups (ulinastatin ...
Lv Ying - - 2013
It was previously found that soybean protein hydrolysates (SPHs) can bind with calcium to form soluble complexes and promote calcium uptake by Caco-2 cells. However, the role of SPHs-calcium complexes on bone mass still needs to be explored. Fast growing male and female rats (n = 72) were assigned to ...
Garrido Carolina E - - 2013
A total of 89 freshly harvested soybean seed samples (Roundup Ready [transgenic] soybean cultivars) from the 2010/2011 crop season were collected from five locations in the Northern Pampean Region II, Argentina. These samples were analyzed for internal mycoflora, toxin production of isolated fungi, and for a range of mycotoxins. Mycotoxin ...
Chaudhary Lubna - - 2013
Studies comparing the efficacy and cost of peripheral blood stem and progenitor cells mobilization with low-dose cyclophosphamide (LD-CY) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) against plerixafor and G-CSF, in multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated in the novel therapy-era are not available. Herein, we report mobilization outcomes of 107 patients who underwent ...
Zuchova Svetlana - - 2013
AIM: In this study, we aim to explore the feasibility and acceptability of group cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for anorexia nervosa (AN) inpatients, and to suggest modifications for future use. METHODS: We performed ten 45-min CRT sessions, once a week, in two consecutive groups of adult AN inpatients. The groups ...
de Ory Fernando - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate enzyme immunoassays (EIA) (Euroimmun, Lübeck, Germany) and chemiluminiscent immunoassays (CLIA) (Diasorin, Saluggia, Italy) in their application to detect B19V-IgM and -IgG. For this purpose, one hundred and ninety samples were studied. Of them, 101 came from recent infection cases (B19V-specific IgM (86) ...
Sharma Mohita - - 2013
Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) developed biocathodes efficient for reduction of acetic and butyric acids to alcohols and acetone via direct electron transfer reaching current densities of 160-210 A m(-2).
Carneiro Thiane N - - 2013
PECs of chitosan/κ-carrageenan are prepared in three different volumetric rations. The complex formation is characterized in order to evaluate the blending formation. Blood compatibility is evaluated by protein adsorption (BSA and fibrinogen) and PEC toxicities are determined with fibroblast cell viability and proliferation. The swelling degree of PECs decreases when ...
Cartagena Casandra M - - 2013
The tripeptide glycine-proline-glutamate analogue NNZ-2566 (Neuren Pharmaceuticals) demonstrates neuroprotective efficacy in models of traumatic brain injury. In penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI), it significantly decreases injury-induced upregulation of inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-6. However, the mechanism by which NNZ-2566 acts has yet to be determined. The activating transcription ...
Wang Jinpeng - - 2013
Novel luminescent dense nano-silica hybrid materials (DNSS) modified with different amounts of (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) and 1,8-naphthalic anhydride (NA) were successfully synthesized via two steps combined with post-grafting methods. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 -sorption analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy ...
Palmour Nicole - - 2013
Consumer demand for health information and health services has rapidly evolved to capture and even propel the movement to online health information seeking. Seventeen percent (52 million) of health information internet users will look for information about memory loss, dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) (Fox Pew Internet & American life project: ...
Mašán Peter - - 2013
Proctolaelaps euserratus Karg, 1994 (Acari, Mesostigmata, Melicharidae), exclusivelly known from the Galápagos Islands till now, is newly reported from decaying matter of animal and human decomposition in various countries of Europe (Slovakia, Spain, United Kingdom). In consequence of high levels of necrophilia, the species is considered to be ecologically unusual ...
Obinna-Echem Patience C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Akamu is a lactic acid fermented cereal-based food that constitutes a major infant complementary food in most West Africa countries. Identity of LAB population from DGGE analysis and conventionally isolated LAB and yeasts from traditionally fermented akamu were confirmed by PCR-sequencing analysis. The relationship between pH, acidity and lactic ...
Naydenov Borislav - - 2013
We demonstrate how the local density of electronic states evolves as the size and dimensionality of surface dangling bond nanowires are modified. These wires were fabricated using the probe of a scanning tunneling microscope on a hydrogen passivated n-type Si(100)-(2 × 1) surface. We demonstrate that by varying the number and arrangement ...
Li Tao - - 2013
A new type of solid-state molecular junction is introduced, which employs reduced graphene oxide as a transparent top contact that permits a self-assembled molecular monolayer to be photoswitched in situ, while simultaneously enabling charge-transport measurements across the molecules. The electrical switching behavior of a less-studied molecular switch, dihydroazulene/vinylheptafulvene, is described, ...
Tan Keai Sinn - - 2013
Assembly of complex vascular networks occurs in numerous biological systems through morphogenetic processes such as vasculogenesis, angiogenesis and vascular remodeling. Pluripotent stem cells such as embryonic stem (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can differentiate into any cell type, including endothelial cells (ECs), and have been extensively used as ...
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