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Results 201 - 250 of 2623
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Li Yongxiu - - 2013
Main chain torsions of alanine dipeptide are parameterized into coupled 2-dimensional Fourier expansions based on quantum mechanical (QM) calculations at M06 2X/aug-cc-pvtz//HF/6-31G** level. Solvation effect is considered by employing polarizable continuum model. Utilization of the M06 2X functional leads to precise potential energy surface that is comparable to or even ...
Ng Jack C - - 2013
Bioavailability (BA) determines the potential harm of a contaminant that exerts on the receptor. However, environmental guidelines for site contamination assessment are often set assuming the contaminant is 100 % bioavailable. This conservative approach to assessing site risk may result in the unnecessary and expensive remediation of a contaminated site. The ...
Zhao Yi - - 2013
Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene Ile105Val polymorphism has been suggested to be involved in the development of cancer. However, the results from the studies regarding the association between GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism and hepatocellular carcinoma risk have been inconsistent. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association. Published literature from ...
Morris Gillian - - 2013
Posttranslational modification of tyrosine to 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa) yields a unique functional group in biomolecular systems. Oxidation produces a quinone, which can undergo cross linking while deprotonation is well suited to metal binding. Mussels, tunicates and bacteria chelate iron and other metals with multiple dopa subunits. Solution equilibria between catechols and ...
Naydenov Borislav - - 2013
We demonstrate how the local density of electronic states evolves as the size and dimensionality of surface dangling bond nanowires are modified. These wires were fabricated using the probe of a scanning tunneling microscope on a hydrogen passivated n-type Si(100)-(2 × 1) surface. We demonstrate that by varying the number and arrangement ...
Rief Peter - - 2013
We report a case of a foreign body embolism caused by a tip of an explanted port-a-cath system. The embolus could be removed with a gooseneck snare catheter, the patient fully recovered.
Girma Sourafel - - 2013
Previous work based on conjectural responses of minors predicted that the 2003 Texas requirement for parental consent for state-funded birth control to minors would lead to a large increase in underage pregnancies. We use state- and county-level data to test this prediction. The latter allow us to compare the impact ...
Garrouste-Orgeas M - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess physician decisions about ICU admission for life-sustaining treatments (LSTs). METHODS: Observational simulation study of physician decisions for patients aged ≥80 years. Each patient was allocated at random to four physicians who made decisions based on actual bed availability and existence of an additional bed before and after obtaining ...
Yeoh Lee Ying - - 2013
There has been a paucity of literature on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization in chronic hemodialysis patients who required admission. The purpose of this study is to determine the MRSA carriage rate in hospitalized chronic hemodialysis patients, to identify the risk factors, and assess the consequences of MRSA colonization. This ...
Ng Ka-Ho - - 2013
Rh(iii)-catalyzed aromatic C-H amination of acetophenone o-methyloximes with primary N-chloroalkylamines was developed, and the arylamine products were obtained in up to 92% yield. The reaction probably involves rate-limiting electrophilic C-H bond cleavage (kH/kD = 2).
Steenbergen Krista G - - 2013
First-principles Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations of small gallium clusters, including parallel tempering, probe the distinction between cluster and molecule in the size range of 7-12 atoms. In contrast to the larger sizes, dynamic measures of structural change at finite temperature demonstrate that Ga7 and Ga8 do not melt, suggesting a ...
Lies Barbara - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nitric oxide (NO) is known to activate NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (NO-GC) and to elicit cGMP production. However, NO has also been proposed to induce cGMP-independent effects. It is accepted practice to use specific NO-GC inhibitors, such as ODQ or NS2028, to assess cGMP-dependent NO effects. Consequently, NO-induced ...
Sohrabji Farida - - 2013
Estrogen has been shown to be neuroprotective for stroke and other neural injury models. Estrogen promotes a neuroprotective phenotype through myriad actions, including, stimulating neurogenesis, promoting neuronal differentiation and survival, suppressing neuroinflammation and maintaining the integrity of the blood brain barrier. At the molecular level, estrogen directly modulates genes that ...
Kaya Ertugrul - - 2013
Abstract The fungus Amanita phalloides is known to contain two main groups of toxins: amanitins and phallotoxins. The amanitins group effectively blocks the RNA polymerase II enzyme found in eukaryotic cells. As alpha amanitin has a lethal effect on the majority of eukaryotic cells, it can be valuable as an ...
Attia Osama E A - - 2013
Thirty-nine samples of recent bottom sediments were collected from Mabahiss Bay, north of Hurghada City, Red Sea, Egypt. The collected samples were subjected to a total digestion technique and analyzed by absorption spectrometer for metals including Pb, Zn, Cd, Ni, Co, Cu, and Mn. Concentration data were processed using correlation ...
Cartagena Casandra M - - 2013
The tripeptide glycine-proline-glutamate analogue NNZ-2566 (Neuren Pharmaceuticals) demonstrates neuroprotective efficacy in models of traumatic brain injury. In penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI), it significantly decreases injury-induced upregulation of inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-6. However, the mechanism by which NNZ-2566 acts has yet to be determined. The activating transcription ...
Kreiner G - - 2013
The nucleolus is implicated in sensing and responding to cellular stress by stabilizing p53. The pro-apoptotic effect of p53 is associated with several neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease (HD), which is characterized by the progressive loss of medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in the striatum. Here we show that disruption of ...
Strube C - - 2013
The zoonotic roundworm Toxocara canis is considered one of the most common gastrointestinal helminths in dogs in Europe. Infection occurs via embryonated eggs from the environment or the ingestion of paratenic hosts. Pups become infected via intrauterine or lactogenic transmission of larvae from the bitch. Prenatal infection results in major ...
Rasmussen Jon B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess albuminuria in rural Zambia among patients with diabetes mellitus only (DM group), hypertension only (HTN group) and patients with combined DM and HTN (DM/HTN group). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at St. Francis Hospital in the Eastern province of Zambia. Albumin-creatinine ratio in one urine sample ...
Shin Byeongkil - - 2013
The TiO2-system powders were investigated with respect to the crystallinity and the microstructure. The biocidal activity increased from TiO2 to binary MnOx-TiO2 to ternary MnOx-WO3-TiO2 against Vibrio fischeri as a model of Gram-negative bacteria. Anatase and rutile TiO2 were not toxic even at 200 mg/L, but anatase has been observed in ...
Buse Helen Y - - 2013
Hartmannella vermiformis and Acanthamoeba polyphaga are frequently isolated from drinking water and permissive to Legionella pneumophila parasitization. In this study, extracellular factor(s) produced by H. vermiformis and A. polyphaga were assessed for their effects on cultivability of L. pneumophila. Page's amoeba saline (PAS) was used as an encystment medium for ...
Zhang Tao - - 2013
AIM: To compare the recurrence and survivals between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with major portal vein tumor thrombus (TT) and major hepatic vein TT after hepatic resection (HR). METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out with the medical records of 272 patients who underwent hepatic resection and thrombectomy for HCC with ...
Liu Yunlong - - 2013
Benefiting from excitonic charge-transfer states, an efficient non-linear optical response is observed in type-II nanocrystals by four-wave mixing when the incident photon energy lies below the bandgaps of constituent semiconductors. The non-linear optical properties in nanocrystals can be manipulated by the band alignment of the core-shell components, which serves as ...
Zenzmaier Christoph C Institute for Biomedical Aging Research, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. - - 2013
Compartment-specific epithelial and stromal expression of the secreted glycoprotein Dickkopf-related protein (Dkk)-3 is altered in age-related proliferative disorders of the human prostate. This study aimed to determine the effect of Dkk-3 on prostate stromal remodeling that is stromal proliferation, fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation and expression of angiogenic factors in vitro. Lentiviral-delivered overexpression ...
Lee Byung Hoon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of early pull-back of a Solitaire stent as a thrombectomy device in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: The study group comprised 23 consecutive cases presenting with acute ischemic stroke who were treated with intra-arterial therapy ...
Gümüş Nazım - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of topically applied minoxidil in the pharmacological delay phenomenon and to demonstrate the comparable microscopic and macroscopic changes between minoxidil-pretreated flaps and surgically delayed flaps. A modified version of the McFarlane flap was used. Group 1 rats, in which a ...
Gatti John W - - 2013
The aim of this study was to demonstrate targeted delivery of protein-based bactericidal antibiotics using electrospun polymer nanofibers. Previous studies have utilized electrospinning to create nanofibers for the localized delivery of therapeutic agents, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and low molecular weight heparin. By employing established electrospinning techniques, nanofibers of ...
Fenétrier E - - 2013
Primary care practitioners constitute key stakeholders in the surveillance and control of epidemic-prone infectious diseases. We carried out a survey in Reunion Island two years after the 2006 chikungunya epidemic using a purposive random sample of 100 general practitioners (GP). The objective was to describe and identity factors associated to ...
Kolewe Martin E ME Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Institute for Medical Engineering and Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2013
Microfabricated elastomeric scaffolds with 3D structural patterns are created by semiautomated layer-by-layer assembly of planar polymer sheets with through-pores. The mesoscale interconnected pore architectures governed by the relative alignment of layers are shown to direct cell and muscle-like fiber orientation in both skeletal and cardiac muscle, enabling scale up of ...
Hao Xing - - 2013
The urinary trypsin inhibitor (ulinastatin) is used in the clinic to prevent inflammatory responses in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); however, the anti-inflammatory mechanism is unclear. In the current study, we recruited 40 patients undergoing selective cardiac valve replacement surgery; and these patients were randomly divided into two groups (ulinastatin ...
Rummer Jodie L - - 2013
The Root effect is a pH-dependent reduction in hemoglobin-O2 carrying capacity. Specific to ray-finned fishes, the Root effect has been ascribed specialized roles in retinal oxygenation and swimbladder inflation. We report that when rainbow trout are exposed to elevated water carbon dioxide (CO2), red muscle partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) ...
Brachthäuser L - - 2013
The case of a 5-month-old male Weimaraner dog with severe osteodystrophia fibrosa (rubber jaw) and renal insufficiency is presented. Kidneys were smaller than normal with a granular cortical surface and a histopathological end-stage diagnosis consistent with juvenile nephropathy. Analysis of four described genetic mutations associated with Alport syndrome in dogs ...
Metzeler K H KH The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH, - - 2013
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is hypothesized to be sustained by self-renewing leukemia stem cells (LSCs). Recently, gene expression signatures (GES) from functionally defined AML LSC populations were reported, and expression of a 'core enriched' (CE) GES, representing 44 genes activated in LCSs, conferred shorter survival in cytogenetically normal (CN) AML. ...
Abdel-Gawad H - - 2013
Maize seeds obtained from (14)C-ethion treated plants contained about 0.01 % of the originally applied radioactivity 1 month following the last pesticide application. Hexane and methanol extracts of the seeds accounted for 35 % and 22.5 % of the radioactive residues, respectively, with 40 % remaining in the seed cake. Commercial processing procedures resulted in ...
Eleftheriadis Theodoros - - 2013
Abstract Proteasome generates peptides for presentation to CD8+ T-cells by antigen presenting cells (APCs) and peripheral cells. Inflammation alters proteasome to immunoproteasome, producing a different pool of peptides. The effect of immunoproteasome expression in APCs and in peripheral cells on CD8+ T-cell self-tolerance was evaluated. Splenocytes (SP) were used as ...
Rishi P P Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralya, Chennai, - - 2013
To measure the choroidal thickness and ocular perfusion pressure in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), wet-age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and age-matched normal subjects, and look for a possible association between the two. This was a prospective study including 22 eyes with PCV, 33 eyes with wet-AMD, and 35 age-matched ...
Petersen Sandra L - - 2013
For decades, oestradiol (E2 ) was arguably the star among the cast of neuroactive hormones, but the spotlight shifted to progesterone (P4 ) after the discovery of novel P4 signalling molecules. Like E2 , the actions of P4 in the nervous system go beyond the regulation of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) ...
Yu Linwei - - 2013
Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) grown on low-cost substrates provide an ideal framework for the monolithic fabrication of radial junction photovoltaics. However, the quality of junction formation over a random matrix of SiNWs, fabricated via a vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism, has never been assessed in a realistic context. To address this, we probe ...
Blatter Joshua A - - 2013
Patients with neuromuscular disorders undergoing general anesthesia present a special set of respiratory problems for perioperative management. While there are disease-specific concerns, there are many common themes in the respiratory management of patients with neuromuscular disorders. These problems are discussed in this review. Such common perioperative concerns include upper airway ...
Tan Keai Sinn - - 2013
Assembly of complex vascular networks occurs in numerous biological systems through morphogenetic processes such as vasculogenesis, angiogenesis and vascular remodeling. Pluripotent stem cells such as embryonic stem (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can differentiate into any cell type, including endothelial cells (ECs), and have been extensively used as ...
Ribeiro Juliane - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of Aichivirus C infection in the three major industrial pig-producing regions of Brazil. This retrospective study evaluated 63 faecal samples that were collected between 2004 and 2011 from suckling piglets (1 to 3 weeks old) belonging to 46 pig herds located ...
Araiza-Olivera Daniela - - 2013
In the Saccharomyces cerevisiae glycolytic pathway, eleven enzymes catalyze the stepwise conversion of glucose to 2 molecules of ethanol plus 2 CO2 s. In the highly crowded cytoplasm, this pathway would be very inefficient if it were dependent on substrate/enzyme diffusion. Therefore, the existence of a multienzymatic glycolytic complex has ...
Ren Yu - - 2013
Porous solids have an important role in addressing some of the major energy-related problems facing society. Here we describe a porous solid, α-MnO2, with a hierarchical tetramodal pore size distribution spanning the micro-, meso- and macro pore range, centred at 0.48, 4.0, 18 and 70 nm. The hierarchical tetramodal structure is ...
Natarajan Chandrasekhar - - 2013
Epistatic interactions between mutant sites in the same protein can exert a strong influence on pathways of molecular evolution. We performed protein engineering experiments that revealed pervasive epistasis among segregating amino acid variants that contribute to adaptive functional variation in deer mouse hemoglobin (Hb). Amino acid mutations increased or decreased ...
Günther P - - 2013
In a 6-month-old, chronically inappetent Lawsons's Dragon (Pogona henrylawsonii) with stunted growth a hyperdense cardiac region was found using radiology and computed tomography. At necropsy a profound necrosis of the myocardium with dystrophic calcification was diagnosed. In contrast to the frequently seen metastatic mineralisation of soft tissues, mainly due to ...
Yang Lin - - 2013
Abstract The major aim of this study is to elucidate the hypocholesterolemic mechanism exerted by rice protein (RP) in adult rats under cholesterol-enriched dietary condition. Compared with casein, the cholesterol levels in plasma and the liver were significantly reduced by RP, accompanying significant inhibition of cholesterol absorption. RP increased the ...
Lamzabi Ihab - - 2013
High-grade malignancies are the leading cause of death from gynecological tumors. Unfortunately, no efficient screening method is available for these tumors. In this paper we report the results of a pilot study based on the frequency of TP53 mutations in these cancers. Mucus from the cervix of 32 hysterectomy specimens ...
Milovanovic Petar - - 2013
On the basis of the suggestion that bone nanostructure bears "tissue age" information and may reflect surface deposition/modification processes, we performed nanoscale characterization of the external cortical bone surface at the femoral neck in women using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The specific aims were to assess age-related differences in bone ...
Gabbay Uri - - 2013
Immigrant mortality studies reveal conflicting results that were attributed to diversity in immigrant definition, different classifications, and lack of appropriate comparisons. This work studied mortality patterns of the immigrations absorbed in Israel. Short-term mortality was evaluated by comparing the Standardized Mortality Rate (SMR) of the first year after immigration to ...
Lin Yi - - 2013
Structural manipulation of the two dimensional graphene surface has been of significant interest as a means of tuning the properties of the nanosheets for enhanced performance in various applications. In this report, a straightforward and highly scalable method is presented to prepare bulk quantities of "holey graphenes", which are graphene ...
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