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Lamzabi Ihab - - 2013
High-grade malignancies are the leading cause of death from gynecological tumors. Unfortunately, no efficient screening method is available for these tumors. In this paper we report the results of a pilot study based on the frequency of TP53 mutations in these cancers. Mucus from the cervix of 32 hysterectomy specimens ...
Lee Byung Hoon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of early pull-back of a Solitaire stent as a thrombectomy device in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: The study group comprised 23 consecutive cases presenting with acute ischemic stroke who were treated with intra-arterial therapy ...
Shen Guojun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a quantitative assay to measure duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) DNA in single hepatocyte nuclei from DHBV-infected animals and to observe intranuclear DHBV DNA kinetics undergoing entecavir (ETV) therapy. METHODS: DHBV DNA in isolated nuclei was amplified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Liver ...
Wiegand Susanne - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Carcinomas of the oropharyngeal and hypopharynx are difficult to treat because of their aggressive tendency to metastasize and their high recurrence rate. METHODS: A retrospective review of 79 patients with recurrences of oropharyngeal or hypopharyngeal carcinomas was performed. The courses of disease from recurrence diagnosis to the valuation date ...
Hirayama Ryouichi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has been accumulated to substantiate the clinical usefulness of quantitative evaluation of gene expression. This study was undertaken to assess diagnosis of metastasis in dissected lymph nodes through quantitative evaluation of the expression of carcinoembryonic antigen mRNA (CEA mRNA) by a rapid, simple transcription-reverse transcription concerted reaction ...
Karimi Leila - - 2013
AIMS: To investigate the extent to which emotional labour and emotional intelligence are associated with well-being and job-stress among a group of Australian community nurses. The moderating role of emotional intelligence was evaluated as a key factor in the rescue of healthcare workers from job-stress, thus increasing job retention. BACKGROUND: ...
Sundaramoorthy Vinod - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal and rapidly progressing neurodegenerative disorder and the majority of ALS is sporadic, where misfolding and aggregation of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is a feature shared with familial mutant-SOD1 cases. ALS is characterized by progressive neurospatial spread of pathology among motor neurons, and recently the ...
Jørgensen Christinna V - - 2013
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is important for neuronal survival and plasticity. Incorporation of matured receptor proteins is an integral part of synapse formation. However, whether BDNF increases synthesis and integration of receptors in functional synapses directly is unclear. We are particularly interested in the regulation of the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A ...
Tung Bau-Kuei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Identification of predictors for permanent facial nerve dysfunction and timing of recovery are important for the management of patients who experience immediate facial nerve dysfunction after parotidectomy. METHODS: In this 6-year retrospective cohort study, 54 such patients were analyzed to determine the associated prognostic factors and timing of recovery. ...
De-La-Cueva-Ariza Laura - - 2013
AIM: To investigate and understand patient's satisfaction with nursing care in the intensive care unit to identify the dimensions of the concept of 'satisfaction' from the patient's point of view. To design and validate a questionnaire that measures satisfaction levels in critical patients. BACKGROUND: There are many instruments capable of ...
Zhu Xiang-Yang - - 2013
Ischemic kidney diseases are common clinical entities that bear high mortality and morbidity and may lead to irreversible loss of kidney function. Their pathophysiology is multifaceted, involves complex hormonal-immunological-cellular interactions, and leads to damage in multiple cell types, which is often resistant to conventional therapy. Thus, novel strategies are needed ...
Smith Peter M - - 2013
Objective To examine if the factors associated with days of absence following a work-related injury are similar for mental health versus musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. Methods A secondary analysis of wage replacement workers' compensation claims in the state of Victoria, Australia. We examined the relationship between individual, injury, occupational and workplace ...
Eleftheriadis Theodoros - - 2013
Abstract Proteasome generates peptides for presentation to CD8+ T-cells by antigen presenting cells (APCs) and peripheral cells. Inflammation alters proteasome to immunoproteasome, producing a different pool of peptides. The effect of immunoproteasome expression in APCs and in peripheral cells on CD8+ T-cell self-tolerance was evaluated. Splenocytes (SP) were used as ...
Ciogli Alessia - - 2013
Biochemical processes in living organisms rely on a plethora of molecular reactions and interactions involving chiral molecules, and these processes often show different responses to the enantiomers of exogenous or endogenous chemicals. The interaction of enantiomeric drugs with a target receptor is a paradigmatic example of chirality effects on general ...
Park Chul Hwan - - 2013
This study evaluates the clinical usefulness of T2 mapping for the detection of myocardial edema in the re-perfused acute myocardial infarction (MI). Cardiac MRIs were reviewed in 20 patients who had acute MI after reperfusion therapy. The regional T2 values and T2-weighted image (T2WI) signal intensities (SI) were measured in ...
Yeoh Lee Ying - - 2013
There has been a paucity of literature on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization in chronic hemodialysis patients who required admission. The purpose of this study is to determine the MRSA carriage rate in hospitalized chronic hemodialysis patients, to identify the risk factors, and assess the consequences of MRSA colonization. This ...
Georgin-Lavialle S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mastocytosis is a heterogeneous disease whose different subtypes also vary in aggressivity. Children typically present with cutaneous mastocytosis. We identified, in our previous work, a peripheral CD34-c-Kit+mast cell precursor by flow cytometry in systemic forms but not in cutaneous forms of adult mastocytosis. OBJECTIVES: We wanted to know if ...
Nunes Daniela - - 2013
Nd:11Fe:Ti alloys prepared by arc melting followed by splat quenching and annealing have been investigated by electron microscopy. The as-cast microstructure evidenced an α-Fe(Ti) → NdFe11Ti → Nd2(Fe,Ti)17 solidification sequence compatible with a cascade of peritectic reactions. The Nd2(Fe,Ti)17 phase was not detected in the microstructure of the splat-quenched materials, ...
Jin Jun - - 2013
Interleukin (IL)-17A is a highly inflammatory cytokine and is known to be produced by Th17 cells. The importance of IL-17A expression in nasal epithelial cells is not well understood. The goal of this study is to explore the expression of IL-17A in nasal epithelial cells in vivo and in vitro. ...
Reyes Ricardo - - 2013
This study aimed to analyze the in vitro and in vivo release kinetics and evaluate the grades of repair induced by either the release of 50 ng of transforming growth factor-β1 or 2.5 or 5 μg of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) from a bilayer scaffold of segmented polyurethane/polylactic-co-glycolic (SPU/PLGA) in ...
Durandy Anne - - 2013
Primary antibody deficiencies (PADs) are the most common inherited immunodeficiencies in humans. The use of novel approaches, such as whole-exome sequencing and mouse genetic engineering, has helped to identify new genes that are involved in the pathogenesis of PADs and has enabled the characterization of the molecular pathways that are ...
McCoy Dana Charles - - 2013
Past research has found negative relationships between neighborhood structural disadvantage and students' academic outcomes. Comparatively little work has evaluated the associations between characteristics of neighborhoods and schools themselves. This study explored the longitudinal, reciprocal relationships between neighborhood crime and school-level academic achievement within 500 urban schools. Results revealed that higher ...
Lassaline-Utter Mary - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To review the signalment, clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome of equine EK cases in the Mid-Atlantic United States; to evaluate the effects of topical or systemic corticosteroid treatment, oral cetirizine treatment and secondary corneal infection on disease duration; and to evaluate the association between corticosteroid and cetirizine treatment and ...
Ng Ka-Ho - - 2013
Rh(iii)-catalyzed aromatic C-H amination of acetophenone o-methyloximes with primary N-chloroalkylamines was developed, and the arylamine products were obtained in up to 92% yield. The reaction probably involves rate-limiting electrophilic C-H bond cleavage (kH/kD = 2).
Loiselle Andrea - - 2013
Iatrogenic pneumothorax has become an increasingly recognized complication of routine outpatient procedures, such as transthoracic needle biopsies of the lung and transbronchial lung biopsies. Patients with clinically significant pneumothorax are typically managed with evacuation via a percutaneously placed catheter or chest tube. Tube thoracotomy and chest tube management have traditionally ...
Chen Kui-Hao - - 2013
Transient receptor potential melastatin-7 (TRPM7) channels are involved in many cellular physiological and pathological processes. The present study was designed to investigate the expression of TRPM7 channels and the potential role in regulating cell proliferation and adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes with approaches of whole-cell patch voltage-clamp, molecular biology, cell proliferation, ...
Iacobas D A - - 2013
Prenatal exposure to corticosteroids has long-term postnatal somatic and neurodevelopmental consequences. Animal studies indicate that corticosteroid exposure-associated alterations in the nervous system include hypothalamic function. Infants with infantile spasms, a devastating epileptic syndrome of infancy with characteristic spastic seizures, chaotic irregular waves on interictal electroencephalogram (EEG; hypsarhythmia) and mental deterioration, ...
Buse Helen Y - - 2013
Hartmannella vermiformis and Acanthamoeba polyphaga are frequently isolated from drinking water and permissive to Legionella pneumophila parasitization. In this study, extracellular factor(s) produced by H. vermiformis and A. polyphaga were assessed for their effects on cultivability of L. pneumophila. Page's amoeba saline (PAS) was used as an encystment medium for ...
Bandara H M H N - - 2013
AIM: To investigate the time- and concentration-dependent effects of Escherichia coli biofilm supernatant on Candida biofilm development, and to assess the effect of E. coli supernatant on Candida albicans hypha-specific genes (HSGs) expression. METHODS: The effect of E. coli biofilm supernatant on six Candida spp. was assessed by tetrazolium salt (XTT) reduction ...
H Sun - - 2013
Nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is an essential transcription factor for adipocyte differentiation. In mesenchymal stem cells, PPARγ has been assumed to play a negative role in osteoblastic differentiation, by working in an adipogenesis dependent manner, due to the reciprocal relationship between osteoblast and adipocyte differentiation. However, the ...
Dixon Luke - - 2013
While a negative correlation between reproduction and life span is commonly observed, specialized reproductive individuals outlive their non-reproductive nestmates in all eusocial species, including the honeybee, Apis mellifera (L). The consequences of reproduction for individual life expectancy can be studied directly by comparing reproductive and non-reproductive workers. We quantified the ...
Ikeda Naoto - - 2013
AIM: In chronic liver disease associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV), a low platelet count is a major obstacle in carrying out interferon (IFN) treatment. We used a questionnaire to clarify the extent to which splenectomy/partial splenic embolization (PSE) is performed before IFN treatment, as well as the efficacy and ...
Liao Cang-Song - - 2013
Nine new, uncommon humulane-type sesquiterpenoids (, , , ), together with two known derivatives, were isolated from extracts of the plant Pilea cavaleriei subsp. crenata. The structures of these compounds were fully elucidated by extensive analyses of spectroscopic data (MS, 1D- and 2D-NMR), use of the Mosher method, and by ...
Linder Brian J - - 2013
The objective of this study is to compare the prevalence and risks factors for urolithiasis among health care professionals who work in the operating room (OR) versus other locations. Electronic surveys, focusing on a history of urolithiasis, were sent to 3,921 randomly selected employees at our institution, 34 % (1,340) of ...
van Wilgen B W - - 2013
Globally, invasions by alien plants are rapidly increasing in extent and severity, leading to large-scale ecosystem degradation. Weed biological control offers opportunities to arrest or even reverse these trends and, although it is not always effective or appropriate as a management strategy, this practice has an excellent record of safety ...
Ganteaume Anne - - 2013
Assessment of the flammability of ornamental vegetation (particularly hedges) planted around houses is necessary in light of the increasing urbanization of the wildland-urban interfaces (WUIs) and the high fire occurrence in such areas. The structure and flammability of seven of the species most frequently planted as hedges in Provence (southeastern ...
Ahuja B L - - 2013
The first-ever electron momentum density (EMD) measurements of explosive materials namely RDX and HMX have been reported using 740 GBq 137Cs Compton spectrometer. Experimental Compton profiles (CPs) are compared with the EMDs derived from linear combination of atomic orbitals with density functional theory. It is found that the CPs deduced ...
Dong Weijie - - 2013
Supported molecular matrix electrophoresis (SMME), in which a hydrophilic polymer such as poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) serves as a support within a porous poly(vinylidene difluoride) (PVDF) membrane, was recently developed. This method is similar to cellulose acetate membrane electrophoresis but differs in the compatibility to glycan analysis of the separated bands. ...
Li Yongxiu - - 2013
Main chain torsions of alanine dipeptide are parameterized into coupled 2-dimensional Fourier expansions based on quantum mechanical (QM) calculations at M06 2X/aug-cc-pvtz//HF/6-31G** level. Solvation effect is considered by employing polarizable continuum model. Utilization of the M06 2X functional leads to precise potential energy surface that is comparable to or even ...
Castro Ana Paula Pereira - - 2013
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that plasma retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and insulin resistance are related to body fat (BF). We aimed to assess the relationship between RBP4 and insulin resistance with obesity in a mixed (skin color) cohort of the Brazilian population. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted in 227 ...
Tsai Alan C - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To improve the short-form Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) to ameliorate under-rating the risk of malnutrition in patients on haemodialysis. BACKGROUND: The full MNA was found to be appropriate for rating the risk of malnutrition in persons undergoing haemodialysis but the short-form under-rated the risk. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study ...
Vicini Claudio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome is a relatively young technique principally devised for managing apneas in the tongue base (TB) area and supraglottic larynx. This procedure is included in the so-called "multilevel surgery" often including a palatal and nasal surgery. METHODS: We carried out a ...
Califano Daniela - - 2013
HMGA2 is a small, non-histone, chromatin-associated protein with a key role in tumorigenesis and adipogenesis. Indeed, HMGA2 overexpression has been frequently detected in several malignant neoplasms and inhibition of its expression prevents thyroid cell transformation. Moreover, HMGA2 null mice show a pigmy phenotype with a great reduction in fat tissue. ...
Singh Anuradha - - 2013
AIM: Menopausal changes expose an individual towards risk of various pathologies during midlife transition. This study aimed to investigate the possible association of bone mineral density (BMD) with periodontal parameters in early postmenopausal Indian women. METHODS: In 78 dentate postmenopausal female patients periodontal examination was performed including clinical attachment loss, ...
Ding Shiming - - 2013
We report a highly promising technique for the high-resolution imaging of labile phosphorus (P) in sediments and soils in combination with the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT). This technique was based on the surface coloration of the Zr-oxide binding gel using the conventional molybdenum blue method following the DGT ...
Suanyuk N - - 2013
Enteric septicaemia of catfish (ESC) caused by Edwardsiella ictaluri is becoming an increasing problem in aquaculture and has been reported worldwide in a variety of fish species. This study reports ESC in hybrid catfish, Clarias macrocephalus (Günther) × Clarias gariepinus (Burchell), cultured in southern Thailand. The bacteria were identified as E. ictaluri by ...
Li Yanxiao - - 2013
Monodispersed truncated octahedral (TOH) Au nanoparticles (NPs) with an average edge-length of about 16 nm were synthesized using poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) both as a stabilizing and reducing agent via a one-step reaction. Remarkably, no seeds, surfactants or additional reductant were used in this reaction. In addition, the PDDA molecules on the ...
Lin Yi - - 2013
Structural manipulation of the two dimensional graphene surface has been of significant interest as a means of tuning the properties of the nanosheets for enhanced performance in various applications. In this report, a straightforward and highly scalable method is presented to prepare bulk quantities of "holey graphenes", which are graphene ...
Pi Y - - 2013
In this study, microstructural characterization of Ti-6Al-4V alloy, subjected to the duplex surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT)/nitriding treatment, leading to improve its mechanical properties, was carried out through novel and original samples preparation methods. Instead of acid etching which is limited for morphological characterization by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), an ...
Kuzdan Canan - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between cord blood alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level and development of subsequent neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Study design: The term newborns born between March 2005 and October 2005 were included in the study. Infants with Coombs-positive ABO and/or Rh incompatibility and/or ...
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