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Chen Yunqiu Y Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United - - 2013
Due to the importance of proteases in regulating cellular processes, the development of protease inhibitors has garnered great attention. Peptide-based aldehydes are a class of compounds that exhibit inhibitory activities against various proteases and proteasomes in the context of anti-proliferative treatments for cancer and other diseases. More than a dozen ...
Kraemer Helena Chmura - - 2013
The quality of all clinical decision-making, as well as power and precision in clinical research results, depends fundamentally on the quality of the measures used. Yet evaluations of the quality of clinical measures likely to be used either in clinic or research applications are difficult to execute or to critique ...
Jaber Omar I - - 2013
Objectives: To report a case of a US resident, originally from Liberia, with chronic hepatitis C infection who developed acute neurologic symptoms of the lower limbs. Methods: Our case is compared to previously reported similar cases, with emphasis on clinical symptoms, investigations, diagnosis, and prognosis. Results: The patient was transferred ...
Claine François - - 2013
Reemergence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) occurred among lambs (n = 50) in a sheep flock in Belgium between mid-July and mid-October 2012. Bimonthly assessment by quantitative reverse transcription PCR and seroneutralization demonstrated that 100% of lambs were infected. Viremia duration may be longer in naturally infected than in experimentally infected ...
Chen Zhongchuan Will - - 2013
Objectives: To test whether academic centers (ACs) are more successful than nonacademic centers (NACs) in immunohistochemistry (IHC) external quality assessment challenges in the Canadian Immunohistochemistry Quality Control (CIQC) program. Methods: Results of 9 CIQC challenges for breast cancer marker (BM) and various non-breast cancer marker (NBM) tests were examined. Success ...
Blazes David L - - 2013
While studying chronic verruga peruana infections in Peru from 2003, we isolated a novel Bartonella agent, which we propose be named Candidatus Bartonella ancashi. This case reveals the inherent weakness of relying solely on clinical syndromes for diagnosis and underscores the need for a new diagnostic paradigm in developing settings.
Cushman-Vokoun Allison M - - 2013
Objectives: To compare 2 laboratory assays commonly used in the evaluation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Fifty-three formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded NSCLC specimens were selected. Extracted DNA was analyzed using the EGFR RGQ Amplification Refractory Mutation System Scorpions probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction ...
Guse Andreas H - - 2013
NAADP (nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate) is the most potent Ca2+-releasing second messenger known to date. Since its discovery in 1995 identifying the NAADP receptor protein/Ca2+ channel has been a major persuit of the Ca2+ signalling community. In their paper 'The N-terminal region of two-pore channel 1 regulates trafficking and activation ...
Qiu Shaofu - - 2013
We identified 3 atypical Shigella flexneri varieties in China, including 92 strains with multidrug resistance, distinct pulse types, and a novel sequence type. Atypical varieties were prevalent mainly in developed regions, and 1 variant has become the dominant Shigella spp. serotype in China. Improved surveillance will help guide the prevention ...
Mantovani Alberto - - 2013
Macrophages are present in all body compartments, including cancerous tissues, and their functions are profoundly affected by signals from the microenvironment under homeostatic and pathological conditions. Tumor-associated macrophages are a major cellular component of cancer-related inflammation and have served as a paradigm for the plasticity and functional polarization of mononuclear ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to determined whether the addition of prehospital focused abdominal ultrasound to triage protocols might reduce time to necessary surgery and reduce overall mortality. Thirty-five papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The ...
Bian Shelly X - - 2013
Elderly men comprise a large percentage of men diagnosed with prostate cancer (PrCa). Although localized PrCa is often indolent, older men tend to be diagnosed with higher-stage disease and are more likely to die from PrCa than younger men. Multiple factors other than age play an important role in determining ...
Sousa Silva Marta - - 2013
The discovery of the enzymatic formation of lactic acid from methylglyoxal dates back to 1913 and was believed to be associated with one enzyme termed ketonaldehydemutase or glyoxalase, the latter designation prevailed. However, in 1951 it was shown that two enzymes were needed and that glutathione was the required catalytic ...
Parekh Arti - - 2013
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines currently endorse salvage local therapy as a reasonable alternative to observation or androgen-deprivation therapy for select men with a biopsy-proven local recurrence after definitive radiation for prostate cancer. Patients being considered for salvage therapy should have had localized disease at presentation, a prostate-specific antigen ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to determine whether metoclopramide or prochlorperazine was better at relieving headache in patients attending the emergency department with acute migraine. Eighty-one papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and ...
Seddon Paul - - 2013
Incidence of pulmonary infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is increasing among persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). We assessed prevalence and management in CF centers in the United Kingdom and found 5.0% of 3,805 adults and 3.3% of 3,317 children had recently been diagnosed with NTM. Of those, 44% of adults ...
He Hui - - 2013
Objectives: To explore the association between the expression of Ras and Rab interactor 1 (RIN1) and the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: RIN1 expression was detected in paired HCC tissues by real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. Transfection was applied to analyze the RIN1 function. Results: ...
Thomas-Stonell N - - 2013
The FOCUS(©) is a new outcome tool for use by both parents and clinicians that measures changes in the communicative participation skills of preschool children. Changes in communicative participation skills as measured by the FOCUS were compared across three groups of children: those with speech impairments only (SI), those with ...
Hodson David J DJ Section of Cell Biology, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
The human pituitary gland may be the size of a pea, but it punches well above its weight due to secretion of hormones that regulate essential homeostatic processes ranging from growth to stress. Recent advances in imaging and genetics have allowed large-scale interrogation of pituitary structure and function, and in ...
Edmund Der Muonir - - 2013
Objectives: To evaluate breast cancer in Ghanaian women and to compare these findings with those of previous studies by using histopathologic data. Methods: A review of all breast cancer specimens from January 2005 through December 2009 in our institution was conducted. Results: Of 4,109 female breast specimens reviewed, 1,342 (32.7%) ...
Weinberger Daniel M - - 2013
Postlicensure surveillance of pneumonia incidence can be used to estimate whether pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) affect incidence. We used Poisson regression models that control for baseline seasonality to determine the impact of PCVs and the possible effects of variations in virus activity in Israel on these surveillance estimates. PCV was ...
Won Elizabeth E Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
Older women with ovarian cancer have increased cancer-related mortality and chemotherapy toxicity. CA125 is a sensitive biomarker for tumor burden. The study evaluates the association between CA125, geriatric assessment (GA), and treatment toxicity. This is a secondary subset analysis of patients 65 years or older with ovarian cancer accrued to ...
Washington K - - 2013
The aim of this study was to establish the construct validity of the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS(©) ). This measure is reflective of concepts in the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health - Children and Youth framework. It was developed to capture 'real-world' changes ...
Mondal Dinesh - - 2013
The effect of insecticide-treated materials on reducing visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is disputable. In Bangladesh, we evaluated the effect of a community-based intervention with insecticide impregnation of existing bed-nets in reducing VL incidence. This intervention reduced VL by 66.5%. Widespread bed-net impregnation with slow-release insecticide may control VL in Bangladesh.
Richter Sandra S - - 2013
Serotyping data for pneumococci causing invasive and noninvasive disease in 2008-2009 and 2010-2011 from >43 US centers were compared with data from preconjugate vaccine (1999-2000) and postconjugate vaccine (2004-2005) periods. Prevalence of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine serotypes decreased from 64% of invasive and 50% of noninvasive isolates in 1999-2000 to ...
Xiao Guang-Qian - - 2013
Objectives: To identify, describe, and investigate the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features of 8 cases of telangiectatic oncocytoma. Methods: Fifty-three consecutive renal oncocytomas were reviewed for the telangiectatic pathologic features that were subsequently correlated with the demographic, clinical, and radiographic findings. Results: Telangiectatic oncocytoma accounted for 15% of the 53 ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to determine whether protein S100B either alone or incorporated into clinical guidelines could be used to identify accurately those adults with mild head injury who had significant brain trauma. Thirty-five papers were found using the reported searches, of which nine presented the best evidence ...
Nakamura Fumihiko - - 2013
Cell migration, phagocytosis and cytokinesis are mechanically intensive cellular processes that are mediated by the dynamic assembly and contractility of the actin cytoskeleton. GAPs (GTPase-activating proteins) control activities of the Rho family proteins including Cdc42, Rac1 and RhoA, which are prominent upstream regulators of the actin cytoskeleton. The present review ...
Lebel Ehud - - 2013
Objectives: To assess correlations of patient demographics, including enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with bone histology, to facilitate decisions of whether and when to perform hip replacement surgery in patients with Gaucher disease. Methods: We examined the histology of surgically removed femoral heads and categorized findings by the presence or extent ...
Rudzinski Erin R - - 2013
Objectives: To examine whether the frequency of fusion-negative alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMSn) increased coincident with changes in the definition of alveolar histology. Methods: We re-reviewed alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) in the Children's Oncology Group study D9803, comparing histopathology with fusion status. Results: Our review of 255 original ARMS cases (compared with a ...
Senzel Lisa - - 2013
Objectives: Atypical nucleated RBCs (NRBCs) found on several patient blood smears between 2010 and 2012 were noted to resemble avian RBCs. NRBCs are not normally found in the circulation beyond the neonatal period and may indicate hematologic disease, malignancy in the bone marrow, or other severe conditions. Our blood smears ...
Usubalieva Jumagul J Government Sanito-Epidemiology Unit, - - 2013
Human echinococcosis is a reportable disease in Kyrgyzstan. Between 1995 and 2011, human alveolar echinococcosis increased from <3 cases per year to >60 cases per year. The origins of this epidemic, which started in 2004, may be linked to the socioeconomic changes that followed the dissolution of the former Soviet ...
Tseng Yolanda D - - 2013
Men receiving radiation for prostate cancer frequently want to know what steps they can take to optimize their chance of cure and reduce their risk of side effects. A variety of modifiable behaviors, medications, and complementary alternative medicine interventions have been investigated in this regard. In this review, we summarize ...
McDougall J - - 2013
The Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation (CASP) parent report is a brief and valid measure for use with children and youth with chronic conditions/disabilities that has been shown to have good coverage at the chapter level of the 'Activities and Participation' component of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability ...
Zhang Meng - - 2013
We screened Orientia tsutsugamushi from 385 domestic rodents and 19 humans with scrub typhus in rural Tai'an District, Shandong Province, a new scrub typhus epidemic area in northern China. Sequence analysis identified 7 genotypes in the rodents, of which 2 were also identified in the humans.
Brunnström Hans - - 2013
Objectives: To assess immunohistochemical (IHC) stains differentially expressed between different types of lung cancer. Methods: We evaluated 16 different IHC stains in 209 prospectively included, surgically treated primary lung cancers, including 121 adenocarcinomas, 65 squamous cell carcinomas, 15 large-cell carcinomas, 5 adenosquamous carcinomas, 2 sarcomatoid carcinomas, and 1 small-cell carcinoma, ...
Salamon Rachel Schnur RS Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, - - 2013
Class I PI 3-kinases signal by producing the signaling lipid phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5) trisphosphate, which in turn acts by recruiting downstream effectors that contain specific lipid-binding domains. The class I PI 3-kinases comprise four distinct catalytic subunits linked to one of seven different regulatory subunits. All the class I PI 3-kinases produce ...
Lover Andrew A - - 2013
Recent autochthonous transmission of Plasmodium vivax malaria in previously malaria-free temperate regions has generated renewed interest in the epidemiology of this disease. Accurate estimates of the incubation period and time to relapse are required for effective malaria surveillance; however, this information is currently lacking. By using historical data from experimental ...
Raghavendra P - - 2013
Youth use the Internet for a variety of purposes including social networking. Youth with disabilities are limited in their social networks and friendships with peers. The aim was to investigate the effectiveness of tailored one-on-one support strategies designed to facilitate social participation of youth with disabilities through the use of ...
Main Penelope A E PA Sansom Institute of Health Research, University of South Australia, North Terrace, Adelaide, - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorders are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental conditions characterised by impairments in reciprocal social interaction, communication and stereotyped behaviours. As increased DNA damage events have been observed in a range of other neurological disorders, it was hypothesised that they would be elevated in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) obtained ...
Pearlstein Kevin A - - 2013
New radiation technologies have been developed and adopted for clinical use in prostate cancer treatment in response to a need to deliver dose-escalated radiation therapy while minimizing treatment-related morbidity. The goal of this article is to examine the currently available evidence comparing dosimetric and patient outcomes of newer versus older ...
Mackway-Jones Kevin C - - 2013
Best Evidence Topic reports (BETs) summarise the evidence pertaining to particular clinical questions. They are not systematic reviews, but rather contain the best (highest level) evidence that can be practically obtained by busy practicing clinicians. The search strategies used to find the best evidence are reported in detail in order ...
Spahn Günther G Clinic Öschelbronn CIMK, Center for Integrative Medicine and Cancer treatment, Niefern-Öschelbronn, - - 2013
Background. Chronic fatigue is one of the most restricting symptoms following primary breast cancer treatment, but clinical studies on symptom management are rare. The objective was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal mind-body program (MMMT), including moderate physical activity as compared with a walking intervention alone, on chronic fatigue ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2013
Objectives: To assess the overall impact of access to the electronic medical record (EMR) on anatomic pathology performance. Methods: We reviewed the results of all use of the EMR by 1 pathologist over an 18-month period. Results: Of the 10,107 cases (913 cytology and 9,194 surgical pathology) reviewed, the EMR ...
Wei Li L Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory for Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases in Livestock and Poultry, Beijing, - - 2013
Avian metapneumovirus causes acute respiratory tract infection and reductions in egg production in various avian species. We isolated and characterized an increasingly prevalent avian metapneumovirus subgroup C strain from meat-type commercial chickens with severe respiratory signs in China. Culling of infected flocks could lead to economic consequences.
Aizer Ayal A - - 2013
The management of prostate cancer is complicated by the multitude of treatment options, the lack of proven superiority of one modality of management, and the presence of physician bias. Care at a multidisciplinary prostate cancer clinic offers patients the relative convenience of consultation with physicians of multiple specialties within the ...
Caspar Yvan - - 2013
We report a case of transfusion-associated bacteremia caused by Psychrobacter arenosus. This psychrotolerant bacterium was previously isolated in 2004 from coastal sea ice and sediments in the Sea of Japan, but not from humans. P. arenosus should be considered a psychrotolerant bacterial species that can cause transfusion-transmitted bacterial infections.
Cabrera Alvin R - - 2013
This manuscript reviews the clinical evidence for hypofractionation in prostate cancer, focusing on data from prospective trials. For the purposes of this manuscript, we categorize hypofractionation as moderate (2.4-4 Gy per fraction) or extreme (6.5-10 Gy per fraction). Five randomized controlled trials have evaluated moderate hypofractionation in >1500 men, with ...
Acosta Marcela E Perez - - 2013
Infection with Babesia microti has not been well-described in eastern Pennsylvania, USA, despite the vector of this organism being prevalent. We report 3 cases of babesiosis in eastern Pennsylvania in persons without recent travel outside the region or history of blood transfusions, suggesting emergence of this infection.
Licitra Beth N - - 2013
Feline coronaviruses (FCoV) exist as 2 biotypes: feline enteric coronavirus (FECV) and feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). FECV causes subclinical infections; FIPV causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a systemic and fatal disease. It is thought that mutations in FECV enable infection of macrophages, causing FIP. However, the molecular basis for ...
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