Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2612
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Shin Dong Hyuk - - 2013
Following a chemical, biological, radiation and nuclear (CBRN) incident, prompt establishment of an advanced airway is required for patients with respiratory failure within the warm zone, while wearing personal protective equipment (PPE). Previous studies reported that intubation attempts were prolonged, and incidence of esophageal intubation was increased with conventional Macintosh ...
Brunnström Hans - - 2013
Objectives: To assess immunohistochemical (IHC) stains differentially expressed between different types of lung cancer. Methods: We evaluated 16 different IHC stains in 209 prospectively included, surgically treated primary lung cancers, including 121 adenocarcinomas, 65 squamous cell carcinomas, 15 large-cell carcinomas, 5 adenosquamous carcinomas, 2 sarcomatoid carcinomas, and 1 small-cell carcinoma, ...
Zhao Chengquan - - 2013
Objectives: To document screening test histories of women with histopathologic cervical glandular neoplasia (CGN) in a large integrated health system using new methods of cervical screening. Methods: Cervical screening test results were reviewed for 265 patients with histopathologic diagnoses of CGN, including 168 adenocarcinoma in situ, 80 invasive cervical adenocarcinoma, ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to determine whether protein S100B either alone or incorporated into clinical guidelines could be used to identify accurately those adults with mild head injury who had significant brain trauma. Thirty-five papers were found using the reported searches, of which nine presented the best evidence ...
Chen Zhongchuan Will - - 2013
Objectives: To test whether academic centers (ACs) are more successful than nonacademic centers (NACs) in immunohistochemistry (IHC) external quality assessment challenges in the Canadian Immunohistochemistry Quality Control (CIQC) program. Methods: Results of 9 CIQC challenges for breast cancer marker (BM) and various non-breast cancer marker (NBM) tests were examined. Success ...
Galván Jose A - - 2013
Objectives: To elucidate the role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NETs) and the potential usefulness in their clinical management. Methods: One hundred ten GEP NET paraffin-embedded samples were immunohistochemically analyzed for E-cadherin, N-cadherin, β-catenin, vimentin, Snail1, Snail2, Twist, and Foxc2 protein expression. Results: The 5-year survival ...
Rudzinski Erin R - - 2013
Objectives: To examine whether the frequency of fusion-negative alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMSn) increased coincident with changes in the definition of alveolar histology. Methods: We re-reviewed alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) in the Children's Oncology Group study D9803, comparing histopathology with fusion status. Results: Our review of 255 original ARMS cases (compared with a ...
Geurts-Giele Willemina R R - - 2013
Objectives: To address whether successive B-cell lymphomas, diagnosed within a 5- to 15-year interval, are recurrences or unrelated primary lymphomas. Methods: Immunoglobulin heavy and κ light chain gene rearrangements were studied using multiplex polymerase chain reaction fragment assays and sequence analysis in 61 patients. Results: Clonal patterns of the multiple ...
Senzel Lisa - - 2013
Objectives: Atypical nucleated RBCs (NRBCs) found on several patient blood smears between 2010 and 2012 were noted to resemble avian RBCs. NRBCs are not normally found in the circulation beyond the neonatal period and may indicate hematologic disease, malignancy in the bone marrow, or other severe conditions. Our blood smears ...
Nakamura Fumihiko - - 2013
Cell migration, phagocytosis and cytokinesis are mechanically intensive cellular processes that are mediated by the dynamic assembly and contractility of the actin cytoskeleton. GAPs (GTPase-activating proteins) control activities of the Rho family proteins including Cdc42, Rac1 and RhoA, which are prominent upstream regulators of the actin cytoskeleton. The present review ...
Raghavendra P - - 2013
Youth use the Internet for a variety of purposes including social networking. Youth with disabilities are limited in their social networks and friendships with peers. The aim was to investigate the effectiveness of tailored one-on-one support strategies designed to facilitate social participation of youth with disabilities through the use of ...
Aizer Ayal A - - 2013
The management of prostate cancer is complicated by the multitude of treatment options, the lack of proven superiority of one modality of management, and the presence of physician bias. Care at a multidisciplinary prostate cancer clinic offers patients the relative convenience of consultation with physicians of multiple specialties within the ...
Crook Juanita - - 2013
Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is extremely heterogeneous, ranging from an indolent chronic illness to an aggressive rapidly fatal systemic malignancy. The classic prognostic factors of tumor stage, prostate specific antigen level, and Gleason score have been used for over a decade to categorize patients at the time of diagnosis into ...
Cabrera Alvin R - - 2013
This manuscript reviews the clinical evidence for hypofractionation in prostate cancer, focusing on data from prospective trials. For the purposes of this manuscript, we categorize hypofractionation as moderate (2.4-4 Gy per fraction) or extreme (6.5-10 Gy per fraction). Five randomized controlled trials have evaluated moderate hypofractionation in >1500 men, with ...
Mantovani Alberto - - 2013
Macrophages are present in all body compartments, including cancerous tissues, and their functions are profoundly affected by signals from the microenvironment under homeostatic and pathological conditions. Tumor-associated macrophages are a major cellular component of cancer-related inflammation and have served as a paradigm for the plasticity and functional polarization of mononuclear ...
Groppi Diane E - - 2013
Objectives: To describe our experience, both in meeting challenges and in reporting outcomes, of the consolidation of anatomic pathology services in the North Shore-LIJ Health System in February 2011. Methods: We addressed issues of governance, personnel, physical plant, quality programming, connectivity, and education. Conclusions: The highly regulated nature of the ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to determine whether metoclopramide or prochlorperazine was better at relieving headache in patients attending the emergency department with acute migraine. Eighty-one papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and ...
Jaber Omar I - - 2013
Objectives: To report a case of a US resident, originally from Liberia, with chronic hepatitis C infection who developed acute neurologic symptoms of the lower limbs. Methods: Our case is compared to previously reported similar cases, with emphasis on clinical symptoms, investigations, diagnosis, and prognosis. Results: The patient was transferred ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to determined whether the addition of prehospital focused abdominal ultrasound to triage protocols might reduce time to necessary surgery and reduce overall mortality. Thirty-five papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The ...
He Hui - - 2013
Objectives: To explore the association between the expression of Ras and Rab interactor 1 (RIN1) and the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: RIN1 expression was detected in paired HCC tissues by real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. Transfection was applied to analyze the RIN1 function. Results: ...
Lebel Ehud - - 2013
Objectives: To assess correlations of patient demographics, including enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with bone histology, to facilitate decisions of whether and when to perform hip replacement surgery in patients with Gaucher disease. Methods: We examined the histology of surgically removed femoral heads and categorized findings by the presence or extent ...
Edmund Der Muonir - - 2013
Objectives: To evaluate breast cancer in Ghanaian women and to compare these findings with those of previous studies by using histopathologic data. Methods: A review of all breast cancer specimens from January 2005 through December 2009 in our institution was conducted. Results: Of 4,109 female breast specimens reviewed, 1,342 (32.7%) ...
Xiao Guang-Qian - - 2013
Objectives: To identify, describe, and investigate the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features of 8 cases of telangiectatic oncocytoma. Methods: Fifty-three consecutive renal oncocytomas were reviewed for the telangiectatic pathologic features that were subsequently correlated with the demographic, clinical, and radiographic findings. Results: Telangiectatic oncocytoma accounted for 15% of the 53 ...
Kraemer Helena Chmura - - 2013
The quality of all clinical decision-making, as well as power and precision in clinical research results, depends fundamentally on the quality of the measures used. Yet evaluations of the quality of clinical measures likely to be used either in clinic or research applications are difficult to execute or to critique ...
Tuffrey C - - 2013
The concept of participation was introduced by the World Health Organisation in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, 2001. Instruments to measure participation have been developed for children and adults, but none specifically for adolescents. Adolescence is a life stage with distinct patterns of participation, and previous research ...
Axelsson A K - - 2013
Participation is known to be of great importance for children's development and emotional well-being as well as for their families. In the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Children and Youth version participation is defined as a person's 'involvement in a life situation'. Engagement is closely related to ...
Coster W - - 2013
We compared school participation patterns of students ages 5-17 with and without disabilities and examined whether features of the school environment were perceived to help or hinder their participation. Parents (n = 576) residing in the USA and Canada completed the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) ...
Bourke-Taylor H - - 2013
The Assistance to Participate Scale (APS) was designed to measure the primary carer's estimate of the amount of assistance that their school-aged child with a disability requires to participate in play and leisure activities. Previous research suggests that the 8-item APS has good internal consistency. The construct validity of the ...
Pearlstein Kevin A - - 2013
New radiation technologies have been developed and adopted for clinical use in prostate cancer treatment in response to a need to deliver dose-escalated radiation therapy while minimizing treatment-related morbidity. The goal of this article is to examine the currently available evidence comparing dosimetric and patient outcomes of newer versus older ...
Bian Shelly X - - 2013
Elderly men comprise a large percentage of men diagnosed with prostate cancer (PrCa). Although localized PrCa is often indolent, older men tend to be diagnosed with higher-stage disease and are more likely to die from PrCa than younger men. Multiple factors other than age play an important role in determining ...
Denham James W - - 2013
The optimal duration of hormonal therapy when combined with radiation for men with high-risk and locally advanced prostate cancer remains under active study. Based on the results of randomized controlled trials, durations of androgen suppression therapy of at least 6 months have been shown to prolong survival in men with ...
King Christopher R - - 2013
Radiotherapy (RT) after prostatectomy may potentially eradicate any residual localized microscopic disease in the prostate bed. The current dilemma is whether to deliver adjuvant RT solely on the basis of high-risk pathology (pT3 or positive margins), but in the absence of measurable prostate-specific antigen, or whether early salvage radiotherapy (SRT) ...
Parekh Arti - - 2013
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines currently endorse salvage local therapy as a reasonable alternative to observation or androgen-deprivation therapy for select men with a biopsy-proven local recurrence after definitive radiation for prostate cancer. Patients being considered for salvage therapy should have had localized disease at presentation, a prostate-specific antigen ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2013
Objectives: To assess the overall impact of access to the electronic medical record (EMR) on anatomic pathology performance. Methods: We reviewed the results of all use of the EMR by 1 pathologist over an 18-month period. Results: Of the 10,107 cases (913 cytology and 9,194 surgical pathology) reviewed, the EMR ...
Sousa Silva Marta - - 2013
The discovery of the enzymatic formation of lactic acid from methylglyoxal dates back to 1913 and was believed to be associated with one enzyme termed ketonaldehydemutase or glyoxalase, the latter designation prevailed. However, in 1951 it was shown that two enzymes were needed and that glutathione was the required catalytic ...
Guse Andreas H - - 2013
NAADP (nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate) is the most potent Ca2+-releasing second messenger known to date. Since its discovery in 1995 identifying the NAADP receptor protein/Ca2+ channel has been a major persuit of the Ca2+ signalling community. In their paper 'The N-terminal region of two-pore channel 1 regulates trafficking and activation ...
Khetani M - - 2013
We examined activity-specific patterns and child, family and environmental correlates of participation restriction in nine community-based activities among preschoolers with disabilities who have received Part C early intervention services. Data were gathered from a subsample of 1509 caregivers whose children (mean age = 67.7 months) had enrolled in the National ...
McDougall J - - 2013
The Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation (CASP) parent report is a brief and valid measure for use with children and youth with chronic conditions/disabilities that has been shown to have good coverage at the chapter level of the 'Activities and Participation' component of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability ...
Tseng Yolanda D - - 2013
Men receiving radiation for prostate cancer frequently want to know what steps they can take to optimize their chance of cure and reduce their risk of side effects. A variety of modifiable behaviors, medications, and complementary alternative medicine interventions have been investigated in this regard. In this review, we summarize ...
Caspar Yvan - - 2013
We report a case of transfusion-associated bacteremia caused by Psychrobacter arenosus. This psychrotolerant bacterium was previously isolated in 2004 from coastal sea ice and sediments in the Sea of Japan, but not from humans. P. arenosus should be considered a psychrotolerant bacterial species that can cause transfusion-transmitted bacterial infections.
Mondal Dinesh - - 2013
The effect of insecticide-treated materials on reducing visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is disputable. In Bangladesh, we evaluated the effect of a community-based intervention with insecticide impregnation of existing bed-nets in reducing VL incidence. This intervention reduced VL by 66.5%. Widespread bed-net impregnation with slow-release insecticide may control VL in Bangladesh.
Ansumana Rashid - - 2013
We diagnosed 400 possible IgM-positive cases of chikungunya virus in Bo, Sierra Leone, during July 2012-January 2013 by using lateral flow immunoassays. Cases detected likely represent only a small fraction of total cases. Further laboratory testing is required to confirm this outbreak and characterize the virus.
Agunos Agnes - - 2013
During 2005-2010, the Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance identified increased prevalence of ciprofloxacin (a fluororquinolone) resistance among Campylobacter isolates from retail chicken in British Columbia (4%-17%) and Saskatchewan (6%-11%), Canada. Fluoroquinolones are critically important to human medicine and are not labeled for use in poultry in Canada.
Zhang Meng - - 2013
We screened Orientia tsutsugamushi from 385 domestic rodents and 19 humans with scrub typhus in rural Tai'an District, Shandong Province, a new scrub typhus epidemic area in northern China. Sequence analysis identified 7 genotypes in the rodents, of which 2 were also identified in the humans.
Licitra Beth N - - 2013
Feline coronaviruses (FCoV) exist as 2 biotypes: feline enteric coronavirus (FECV) and feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). FECV causes subclinical infections; FIPV causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a systemic and fatal disease. It is thought that mutations in FECV enable infection of macrophages, causing FIP. However, the molecular basis for ...
Gaze William H - - 2013
The clinical failure of antimicrobial drugs that were previously effective in controlling infectious disease is a tragedy of increasing magnitude that gravely affects human health. This resistance by pathogens is often the endpoint of an evolutionary process that began billions of years ago in non-disease-causing microorganisms. This environmental resistome, its ...
Lover Andrew A - - 2013
Recent autochthonous transmission of Plasmodium vivax malaria in previously malaria-free temperate regions has generated renewed interest in the epidemiology of this disease. Accurate estimates of the incubation period and time to relapse are required for effective malaria surveillance; however, this information is currently lacking. By using historical data from experimental ...
Montag Judith - - 2013
To estimate the effect of the variability of prion disease onset on primary bovine spongiform encephalopathy transmission to humans, we studied 6 cynomolgus macaques. The preclinical incubation period was significantly prolonged in 2 animals, implying that onset of variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease in humans could be more diverse than previously expected.
Claine François - - 2013
Reemergence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) occurred among lambs (n = 50) in a sheep flock in Belgium between mid-July and mid-October 2012. Bimonthly assessment by quantitative reverse transcription PCR and seroneutralization demonstrated that 100% of lambs were infected. Viremia duration may be longer in naturally infected than in experimentally infected ...
Qiu Shaofu - - 2013
We identified 3 atypical Shigella flexneri varieties in China, including 92 strains with multidrug resistance, distinct pulse types, and a novel sequence type. Atypical varieties were prevalent mainly in developed regions, and 1 variant has become the dominant Shigella spp. serotype in China. Improved surveillance will help guide the prevention ...
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