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Eleid Mackram F - - 2013
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare condition characterized by the presence of inflammatory and fibrous retroperitoneal tissue that surrounds and often encases abdominal structures. In this report we describe an unusual presentation of retroperitoneal fibrosis and inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction that was unidentified by noninvasive testing and ultimately diagnosed using ...
Vulto Paul - - 2013
A microfluidic chip is presented for lysis and one-step RNA purification from bacteria. Bacteria are lysed by joule-heating followed by a gel electrophoresis step for clean-up and subsequent elution of small RNA. Bubble formation during electrophoresis at constant current is suppressed through the use of a silver chloride cathode and ...
Souris Caroline C Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, - - 2013
A direct synthesis of stereodefined halodienes is reported. Those key building blocks enable a concise access to polyenic products, as demonstrated in a modular synthesis of Inthomycin C.
Ingle James N JN Division of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
The selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM) tamoxifen and raloxifene can reduce the occurrence of breast cancer in high-risk women by 50%, but this U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved prevention therapy is not often used. We attempted to identify genetic factors that contribute to variation in SERM breast cancer prevention, using ...
Pelosin Elisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most common and disabling "nonmotor" symptoms in patients with dystonia. No recent study evaluated the pharmacological or physical therapy approaches to specifically treat dystonic pain symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of KinesioTaping in patients with cervical dystonia (CD) and focal hand dystonia (FHD) ...
Somme Dominique - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The literature has emphasized the role of general practitioners (GPs) in caring for Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Within the framework of the French national AD plan, an inquiry was undertaken to identify the clinical practices, difficulties and training needs of GPs managing this pathology. METHODS: A random sample from ...
Avila Fabricio William - - 2013
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) is a rich source of chemopreventive compounds. Here, we evaluated and compared the effect of selenium (Se) treatment on the accumulation of anticancer compounds Se-methylselenocysteine (SeMSCys) and glucosinolates in broccoli sprouts and florets. Total Se and SeMSCys content in sprouts increased concomitantly with increasing ...
Humphries Adam A Histopathology Laboratory, Cancer Research UK London Research Institute, London, WC2A 3LY, United - - 2013
The genetic and morphological development of colorectal cancer is a paradigm for tumorigenesis. However, the dynamics of clonal evolution underpinning carcinogenesis remain poorly understood. Here we identify multipotential stem cells within human colorectal adenomas and use methylation patterns of nonexpressed genes to characterize clonal evolution. Numerous individual crypts from six ...
Bakhshalian Neema - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Migration of a dental implant into the paranasal sinuses may be the result of sinus membrane perforation, loss of osseointegration, and lack of initial stability. The majority of displaced implants migrate into the maxillary sinus, which may cause sinusitis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report an ...
Chen Guoqiang - - 2013
The interactions of IgG Fc region with Fc receptors are optimized by the tailoring of a single conserved N-linked glycosylation site at Asn-297. Our previous study has demonstrated that the age-related Fc-glycosylation change is featured by sex specificity and that the Fc-glycosylation has the potential for disease discrimination. Here we ...
Nadimpalli Maya - - 2013
Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus is commonly evaluated via culture-based methods. We found that parallel use of two media, Baird-Parker and CHROMagar™ Staph aureus, increased detection of S. aureus from a healthy population by 29 %. We suggest use of both media for optimal identification of S. aureus from healthy ...
Bowman Diana M - - 2013
We have considered the tobacco industry's challenges to legislative attempts to provide more health-related information on retail packaging. The first issue is taking and acquiring the industry's intellectual property in Australia. The second challenge involves the tensions between graphic images and the First Amendment in the United States. We have ...
Lou Hao - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of sodium iodide, sodium chloride and sodium sulfate on the formation efficiency of sulfamerazine nanocrystals by wet ball milling. Methods: Sulfamerazine was milled using zirconium oxide beads in a solution containing polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and a sodium salt (iodide, ...
Steiner Riley J - - 2013
Provider-initiated conversations with people living with HIV about reproductive plans are lacking. Providers must know whether their patients want to bear children to tailor treatment and refer for HIV preconception counseling to help achieve patients' reproductive goals while minimizing transmission to partners and children. The early focus on men who ...
Allen Erin Mg - - 2013
The incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD) correlates with environmental exposure to pesticides, such as the organochlorine insecticide, dieldrin. Previous studies found an increased concentration of the pesticide in the striatal region of brains of PD patients, and also that dieldrin adversely affects cellular processes associated with PD. These processes include ...
Walders-Abramson Natalie N Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Colorado Denver and Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA. - - 2013
An understanding of the relationships among obesity severity, medical co-morbidities, and psychological complications is important in the design of interventions to encourage overweight youth and families to accomplish healthy lifestyle changes. We evaluated associations among psychological status, diagnosed medical co-morbidities consistent with components of the metabolic syndrome, and BMI among ...
Chung Hyun Woo HW Department of Nuclear Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Research Institute of Biomedical Science, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
The efficacy of (131)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) therapy relies on norepinephrine transporter (NET) function. The ionic make-up of the extracellular fluid critically controls neuronal cell activity and can also affect substrate transport. In this study, we explored the effect of treatment with elevated KCl concentration on MIBG uptake in SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells. ...
Adelani Pius O - - 2013
Two new hybrid uranyl-carboxyphosphonate cage clusters built from uranyl peroxide units were crystallized from aqueous solution under ambient conditions in approximately two months. The clusters are built from uranyl hexagonal bipyramids and are connected by employing a secondary metal linker, the 2-carboxyphenylphosphonate ligand. The structure of cluster A is composed ...
Massongo Massongo - - 2013
We prospectively assessed the safety and cost saving of a small-bore drain based procedure, for outpatient management of first episodes of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP).Patients were managed by observation alone or insertion of an 8.5 F "pig-tail" drain connected to a one-way valve, according to size and clinical tolerance of ...
Chen Yi-Hao - - 2013
Purpose:  To investigate the effect of silibinin in myofibroblast transdifferentiation and in animal trabeculectomy models. Methods:  The effect of silibinin on the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and vimentin in response to transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) was determined in human tenon fibroblasts (HTFs). Cell migration and collagen contraction arrays ...
Zhang Shanlin - - 2013
Finding new molecular backbones is necessary for further advances in solution-processed small-molecule organic solar cells (SM-OSCs). Increasing molecular π conjugation generally enhances the light-harvesting ability, and the resulting strong π-π-stacking interactions improve the charge-carrier transport ability; both increase the efficiency. In this study, we focus on the phenyl-1,3,5-trithienyl (3T-P) backbone ...
Mainland Brian J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The clock drawing test (CDT) is a widely used cognitive screening tool that has been well accepted among clinicians and patients for its ease of use and short administration time. Although there is ample interest in the CDT as a screening instrument, there remains a range of CDT administration ...
Thevenot Paul P Department of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, - - 2013
Chronic alcohol consumption causes persistent oxidative stress in the lung, leading to impaired alveolar macrophage (AM) function and impaired immune responses. AMs play a critical role in protecting the lung from particulate matter (PM) inhalation by removing particulates from the airway and secreting factors which mediate airway repair. We hypothesized ...
Wang Jeh-Jeng - - 2013
A novel series of bicyclic[1,2,3]triazoles (4, 7, 11, 15) has been synthesized using one-pot metal free strategy with high structural diversity as a photoprotective agents and delineated their effect on UVA-induced senescence in human dermal fibroblast cells (FB) and the associated mechanism. 11d plus UVA can induce a decrease in ...
Murahashi Tetsuro - - 2013
The trinuclear palladium addition to monocyclic unsaturated hydrocarbons was revealed. The trinuclear adduct of [2.2]paracyclophane, cycloheptatriene (CHT), or cyclooctatetraene (COT) was obtained by treatment of the corresponding tripalladium sandwich complexes with 3 equiv. of 1,10-phenanthroline. In the trinuclear adduct of [2.2]paracyclophane or CHT, a Pd2 unit and a Pd1 unit ...
Fietkau Rainer - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In patients with head and neck and esophageal tumors, nutritional status may deteriorate during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of enteral nutrition enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on body composition and nutritional and functional status. METHODS: In ...
Sartipi Sina - - 2013
Wax on, wax off: Bifunctional cobalt-based catalysts on zeolite supports are applied for the valorization of biosyngas through Fischer-Tropsch chemistry. By using these catalysts, waxes can be hydrocracked to shorter-chain hydrocarbons, increasing the selectivity towards the C5 -C11 (gasoline) fraction. The zeolite topology and the amount and strength of acid ...
Stuparu Mihaiela C - - 2013
A class of its own: A new class of fullerene C60 hosts-polymeric in nature-has been developed by careful design of the molecular structure of the polymer repeat unit and the mode of interaction between the repeat unit and C60 . As these hosts are synthesized by free-radical polymerization, polymer hosts ...
Silvi Mattia - - 2013
A challenging asymmetric reaction (aza-Michael addition of imides to enones) has been optimized through an integrated approach involving the synthesis of a family of organocatalysts, multiple catalysis (usage of additives), and finally with rational exploration of the chemical space by the application of the experiment design.
Phansalkar Shobha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: High override rates for drug-drug interaction (DDI) alerts in electronic health records (EHRs) result in the potentially dangerous consequence of providers ignoring clinically significant alerts. Lack of uniformity of criteria for determining the severity or validity of these interactions often results in discrepancies in how these are evaluated. The ...
Pound Michael P MP Centre for Plant Integrative Biology, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington LE12 5RD, United - - 2013
We present a novel image analysis tool that allows the semiautomated quantification of complex root system architectures in a range of plant species grown and imaged in a variety of ways. The automatic component of RootNav takes a top-down approach, utilizing the powerful expectation maximization classification algorithm to examine regions ...
Rimassa Lorenza - - 2013
Not applicable PURPOSE: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: RESULTS: CONCLUSIONS:
Thévenod Frank - - 2013
The polyspecific organic cation transporter Oct2 from rat (gene Slc22A2) has been previously shown to transport Cs+. Here we report that human OCT2 (hOCT2) is able to transport Cd2+ showing substrate saturation with a Michaelis Menten contant (Km) value of 54 + 5.8 µM. Cd2+ uptake by hOCT2 was inhibited ...
Kruger Pamela C - - 2013
Background: Aluminum (Al) contamination of parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions remains a concern for long-term PN patients. Al accumulates particularly in bone. Excessive exposure to Al may result in increased Al body burden and impaired bone formation and mineralization, leading to bone disease. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ...
Charlton Brittany M BM Brittany M. Charlton is with the Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Heather L. Corliss and S. Bryn Austin are with the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Stacey A. Missmer, is with Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. A. Lindsay Frazier is with the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA. Margaret Rosario is with the City University of New York, City College and Graduate Center, New York, NY. Jessica A. Kahn is with the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Reproductive health screenings are a necessary part of quality health care. However, sexual minorities underutilize Papanicolaou (Pap) tests more than heterosexuals do, and the reasons are not known. Our objective was to examine if less hormonal contraceptive use or less positive health beliefs about Pap tests explain sexual orientation disparities ...
You Jeong Soon - - 2013
To evaluate the extent to which fat mass contributes to serum osteopontin (OPN) concentration, we investigated whether serum OPN levels are decreased by exercise-induced fat mass loss and whether they are associated with body fat percentage in obese humans. Twenty‑three female college students were recruited to participate in an 8‑week ...
Brault Pascal - - 2013
Plasma increases activity: A one-step synthesis of Pt-C nanowire composites using a plasma co-deposition method is reported. Electrodes with a very low Pt loading can be obtained. Pt particles with sizes ranging from 1 to 2 nm are decorating the columnar carbon nanostructures because of strong interactions. The composite microstructure is ...
Xu Dian-Hong - - 2013
Abstract Context: Hyptis suaveolens (Linn.) Poit., Hyptis rhomboidea Mart. et Gal., and Hyptis brevipes Poit., are three species of Hyptis Jacq. (Lamiaceae). Hyptis suaveolens is used for the treatment of fever, headache, gastrointestinal bloating and rheumatism in the traditional folk medicine; Hyptis rhomboidea for hepatitis, ulcer and swollen poison; and ...
Earley Lauriel - - 2013
DNA exposures to electrophilic methylating agents that are commonly used during chemotherapeutic treatments cause diverse chemical modifications of nucleobases, with reaction at N7-dG being the most abundant. Although this base modification frequently results in destabilization of the glycosyl bond and spontaneous depurination, the adduct can react with hydroxide ion to ...
Zahedifar M - - 2013
Nanoparticles of Cu-doped calcium fluoride were synthesised by using the hydrothermal method. The structure of the prepared nanomaterial was characterised by the X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern and energy dispersive spectrometer. The particle size of 36 nm was calculated from the XRD data. Its shape and size were also observed by ...
Maher Carol - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the reliability, validity, and optimal placement of pedometers in children with cerebral palsy (CP) who ambulate without aids. METHOD: Seventeen participants aged 7 to 17 years with CP (eight males, nine females; mean age 12y 4mo; SD 3y 2mo), who could ambulate ...
Scheuner Maren T - - 2013
Purpose:We developed, implemented, and evaluated a multicomponent cancer genetics toolkit designed to improve recognition and appropriate referral of individuals at risk for hereditary cancer syndromes.Methods:We evaluated toolkit implementation in the women's clinics at a large Veterans Administration medical center using mixed methods, including pre-post semistructured interviews, clinician surveys, and chart ...
Chen Bo - - 2013
Ruthenium comes to its senses: Determining how effectively ruthenium residues are removed from olefin metathesis reactions calls for an alternative evaluation method to ICP-MS. A fluorescent chemosensor for ruthenium has been developed based on an alkene oxidation reaction. This fluorescence method has a good selectivity as well as an excellent ...
Rivera José Carlos - - 2013
Proinflammatory cytokines contribute to the development of retinal vasculopathies. However, the role of these factors and the mechanisms by which they elicit their effects in retina are not known. We investigated whether activated microglia during early stages of ischemic retinopathy produces excessive interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which elicits retinal microvascular degeneration not ...
Mo Junming - - 2013
Without detours: Oxidative catalysis mediated by N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) enables the direct β-carbon functionalization of saturated aldehydes. The reaction proceeds through two sequential oxidative steps to generate α,β-unsaturated triazolium ester equivalents as Michael acceptors, which react with 1,3-diketones and β-ketone esters in an enantioselective manner.
Dubar Faustine - - 2013
Metal health: Ferroquine is a ferrocene-based analogue of the antimalarial drug chloroquine. In addition to the primary mechanism of quinoline action, fluorescent probe studies in infected red blood cells show another mechanism is at work. It is based on the production of HO(.) in the acidic and oxidizing environment of ...
Tavakol Shima - - 2013
Bone matrix consists of two major phases at the nanoscale: organic and hydroxyapatite. Nanotechnology as a diverse and interdisciplinary area of research has the capacity to revolutionize many areas of applications such as bone tissue engineering. Nano Hydroxyapatite/Gelatin composite has higher osteoblast attachment and proliferation than micro-sized ones, and shorter ...
Gardiner William W - - 2013
The acute toxicity of physically and chemically dispersed crude oil and the dispersant Corexit 9500 were evaluated for key Arctic species. The copepod Calanus glacialis, juvenile Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida), and larval sculpin (Myoxocephalus sp.) were tested under conditions representative of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas during the ice-free season. ...
Chu Kuan-Yu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A smartcard is an integrated circuit card that provides identification, authentication, data storage, and application processing. Among other functions, smartcards can serve as credit and ATM cards and can be used to pay various invoices using a 'reader'. This study looks at the unit cost and activity time of ...
Fei Hongzhan - - 2013
Water has been thought to affect the dynamical processes in the Earth's interior to a great extent. In particular, experimental deformation results suggest that even only a few tens of parts per million of water by weight enhances the creep rates in olivine by orders of magnitude. However, those deformation ...
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