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Results 501 - 550 of 2623
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Moon Hee-Won - - 2013
We evaluated the performance of the VITEK MS for identification of Gram-positive cocci routinely isolated in clinical microbiology laboratories. With a total of 424 well-characterized isolates, the results of the VITEK MS were compared to those of conventional methods and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The VITEK MS correctly identified 97.9% ...
Fredriksen-Goldsen Karen I KI Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Susan E. Barkan, and Charles P. Hoy-Ellis are with the School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle. Anna Muraco is with the Department of Sociology, Loyola Marymount University, Los - - 2013
We investigated health disparities among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults aged 50 years and older. We analyzed data from the 2003-2010 Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 96 992) on health outcomes, chronic conditions, access to care, behaviors, and screening by gender and sexual orientation with ...
Prodinger Birgit - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Drawing on data from a larger study, the aim of this paper is to illuminate how the everyday doings of women with disabilities are coordinated to and shaped by organizational processes and social context, particularly as these relate to the potential of being labelled disabled. Methods: An institutional ...
- - 2013
My biggest inspiration is my love and passion for science. My favorite saying is "doing an experiment is magic, you never know what you will find out next, just do it".
Sams Lattice D - - 2013
Objectives. We determined the number of state Medicaid programs adopting initiatives to support preventive dental services provision by nondental health care professionals, their perceived attributes, and implementation barriers. Methods. We used Qualtrics to conduct a cross-sectional survey in 2008 of Medicaid dental program managers to determine organizational stage of adoption ...
Senoo Haruki - - 2013
Vitamin A (retinyl palmitate) was injected subcutaneously or administered to rats by tube feeding. After subcutaneous injection, vitamin A was taken up and stored in cells of the lamina propria mucosae of the rat intestine. After oral administration, vitamin A was absorbed by the intestinal absorptive epithelial cells and transferred ...
He Qing - - 2013
Bronchoscopy technology is a desirable module for detecting lung cancers arising from central airways. Considerable early cancers and precancerous lesions are not visible on the conventional bronchoscopy - white light bronchoscopy (WLB). Autofluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB) is a newly developed technology which exploits the difference of autofluorescent intensity between normal and ...
Gomes José - - 2013
Lighten up: A selective fluorescent-labeling agent for quorum sensing (FLAQS) can be used for the visualization of the communication pathway of bacteria in live cells. This represents a new, operationally simple, fast, and inexpensive tool for the imaging of quorum-sensing receptors by using fluorescently labeled signaling-molecule analogues.
Bagshaw Sean M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Canada's pandemic H1N1 influenza A (pH1N1) outbreak led to a high burden of critical illness. Our objective was to describe the incidence of AKI (acute kidney injury) in these patients and risk factors for AKI, renal replacement therapy (RRT), and mortality. METHODS: From a prospective cohort of critically ill ...
Jervaeus Anna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is a growing population of children and adolescents that have survived their cancer diagnosis. Therefore, it is of great importance to perform follow-up studies with relevant, valid and sensitive measures. It is of interest both to follow changes over time and to compare results from childhood cancer survivors ...
Sousa A S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Standards for anthropometrical assessment define that measurements must be carried out with the subject in the standing position, although this is not always possible. The effect of body position on girth measurement has not been evaluated, even though this issue is clinically relevant because it may bias nutritional assessment ...
Yakoumakis E - - 2013
The estimation of the radiological risk in the case of children is of particular importance due to their enhanced radiosensitivity when compared with that of adult patients. The purpose of this study is to estimate the organ and effective doses of paediatric patients undergoing micturating cystourethrography examinations. Since direct measurements ...
Van Waes Vincent - - 2013
There is a growing use of psychostimulants, such as methylphenidate (Ritalin; dopamine re-uptake inhibitor), for medical treatments and as cognitive enhancers in the healthy. Methylphenidate is known to produce some addiction-related gene regulation. Recent findings in animal models show that selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs), including fluoxetine, can potentiate acute ...
Reiter Paul L PL Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, 1590 North High St, Suite 525, Columbus, OH 43201, USA. - - 2013
We conducted a longitudinal study to examine human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake among male adolescents and to identify vaccination predictors. In fall 2010 and 2011, a national sample of parents with sons aged 11 to 17 years (n = 327) and their sons (n = 228) completed online surveys. We used logistic regression to ...
Umbarger Mark A - - 2013
Purpose:Carrier screening for recessive Mendelian disorders traditionally employs focused genotyping to interrogate limited sets of mutations most prevalent in specific ethnic groups. We sought to develop a next-generation DNA sequencing-based workflow to enable analysis of a more comprehensive set of disease-causing mutations.Methods:We utilized molecular inversion probes to capture the protein-coding ...
Copeland William R - - 2013
Objective We report a case of spontaneous thrombosis of an extremely complex dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), believed to be previously incurable, after the development of a radiation-induced meningioma resulting from prior attempts to treat the fistula with radiosurgery.Methods A very large DAVF was treated over the course of 3 decades ...
Ma Dik-Lung - - 2013
The serendipitous discovery of the anticancer drug cisplatin cemented medicinal inorganic chemistry as an independent discipline in the 1960s. Luminescent metal complexes have subsequently been widely applied for sensing, bio-imaging, and in organic light-emitting diode applications. Transition-metal complexes possess a variety of advantages that make them suitable as therapeutics and ...
Ades Veronica V Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University, New York, NY 10016, - - 2013
As human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women gain access to combination antiretroviral therapy throughout sub-Saharan Africa, a growing number of infants are being born HIV-exposed but uninfected. Data about neonatal mortality and the impact of premature delivery, in this population are limited. We describe the 28-day mortality outcomes in a cohort ...
Tabassum Rana - - 2013
We report an experimental study on a surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based fiber optic hydrogen sulphide gas sensor with a thin metal oxide (zinc oxide (ZnO)) layer as the additional layer. This zinc oxide layer is grown over the copper layer to support surface plasmons at the metal-dielectric interface at room ...
Jacques Richard M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that hospital performance in England measured by the Dr Foster Hospital Standardised Mortality Ratio (HSMR) has improved substantially over the last 10 years. This study explores mortality in-hospital and up to 30 days post-discharge over a five year period to determine whether there have been ...
Li Hanyang - - 2013
We report the observation of optically pumped lasing in self-coupled resonators constructed with dye-doped polymer nanowires. Three nanowires with a diameter of 350 nm, 360 nm and 500 nm were fabricated into different self-coupled resonators and single-mode lasing emission was obtained. The self-coupled resonators can be utilized to realize tunable ...
Nisbet R M - - 2013
Anti-amyloid-β immunotherapies are a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Single chain antibody fragments (scFv) are an attractive alternative to whole antibodies due to their small size, single polypeptide format and inability to stimulate potentially undesirable Fc-mediated immune effector functions. We have generated the ...
Sebera Jakub - - 2013
A reaction mechanism that describes the substitution of two imino protons in a thymine:thymine (T:T) mismatched DNA base pair with a Hg(II) ion, which results in the formation of a (T)N3-Hg(II) -N3(T) metal-mediated base pair was proposed and calculated. The mechanism assumes two key steps: The formation of the first ...
Xu Zhihua - - 2013
Mesoporous ferrihydrite/SiO2 composites were synthesized according to a water-in-oil microemulsion method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, nitrogen-adsorption/desorption, and by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The as-prepared porous ferrihydrite/SiO2 composites showed an excellent adsorption performance for formaldehyde (HCHO) removal from indoor air ...
Kerékgyártó Márta - - 2013
The analysis and polyclonal antibody response for newly synthesized maltose - BSA conjugate neoglycoproteins is described. In this first, proof of concept study a simple carbohydrate antigen, maltose, was linked to bovine serum albumin by reductive amination. An aglycone spacer was utilized to conserve the intact annular maltose structure and ...
Kim Rebeca J - - 2013
Acute left main coronary occlusion secondary to a periaortic root hematoma secondary to annular rupture during transcatheter heart valve deployment. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Lüdecke D K - - 2013
The GH receptor antagonist pegvisomant is increasingly used as therapy in acromegaly. Pituitary surgery might be indicated on pegvisomant treatment, due to side effects, adenoma growth or intention to cure after primary treatment. This study was initiated to clarify if, and when, GH measurement could be useful postoperatively with an ...
Yu Feifei - - 2013
The ice nucleation protein (INP) from Pantoea ananatis was expressed in Escherichia coli. INP expression increased the freezing point of the E. coli culture by a few degrees. Deletion of FabH, an important enzyme in fatty acid biosynthesis, significantly inhibited the ice nucleation activity. Increased unsaturated fatty acids in the ...
Charalambous Charalambos C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: . In the past several years, several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been reported regarding the efficacy of treadmill-based walking-specific rehabilitation programs, either individually (TT) or combined with body weight support (BWSTT), over control group therapies poststroke. No clear consensus exists as to whether treadmill-based interventions are superior in ...
Zhao Peng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of neuroendoscopy compared with non-neuroendoscopic procedures for treating patients with arachnoid membrane cysts in the lateral ventricles. METHODS: The medical records of 28 patients with arachnoid membrane cysts in the lateral ventricles who were treated with neuroendoscopy and 39 ...
Kubo Takuya - - 2013
Novel sponge based monoliths containing ionic functional groups were developed for rapid separation and/or concentration of ionic solutes. The cationic and anionic spongy monolith was prepared by chemical modifications of the pore surface on an original spongy monolith consisting of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate). After hydrolysis of the spongy monolith, an anionic ...
Lee Woochul - - 2013
Atomic and single-molecule junctions represent the ultimate limit to the miniaturization of electrical circuits. They are also ideal platforms for testing quantum transport theories that are required to describe charge and energy transfer in novel functional nanometre-scale devices. Recent work has successfully probed electric and thermoelectric phenomena in atomic-scale junctions. ...
Fedak Erin M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic migraine is a rare form of migraine with aura that includes motor weakness. Diagnosis during the first episode can be difficult to make and costly, especially with the sporadic form. CASES: Our study evaluates the ictal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of four sequential pediatric patients during a ...
Price Christopher P - - 2013
The purpose of laboratory medicine is to facilitate better decision making in clinical practice and healthcare delivery. Decision making implies an unresolved issue, problem or unmet need. The most important criterion for any investigation to be of value in clinical practice is that it addresses an unmet need. The different ...
Podlekareva Daria N - - 2013
Mortality of HIV/TB patients in Eastern Europe (EE) is high. Little is known about their causes of death (COD).To assess and compare mortality rates and COD in HIV/TB patients across EE and Western Europe and Argentina (WEA) in an international cohort study.Mortality rates and COD were analysed by time from ...
Leslie-Mazwi T M - - 2013
SUMMARY:Coil displacement during endovascular coiling procedures may require coil retrieval in the context of flow limitation or thromboembolic risk. No standard recommended method of coil retrieval exists. We present a consecutive series of 14 patients with displaced coil during aneurysm coiling in whom the complication was effectively managed with the ...
Vithani K - - 2013
Abstract Sustained release diclofenac sodium (Df-Na) solid lipid matrices with Compritol® 888 ATO were developed in this study. The drug/lipid powders were processed via cold and hot melt extrusion at various drug loadings. The influence of the processing temperatures, drug loading and the addition of excipients on the obtained dissolution ...
Bestard O O Nephrology Department, Renal Transplant Unit, Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona University, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2013
Assessment of donor-specific alloreactive memory/effector T cell responses using an IFN-γ Elispot assay has been suggested to be a novel immune-monitoring tool for evaluating the cellular immune risk in renal transplantation. Here, we report the cross-validation data of the IFN-γ Elispot assay performed within different European laboratories taking part of ...
Li Jin-Gao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study sought to compare the clinical outcomes of upper versus whole-neck prophylactic irradiation in the treatment of patients with node-negative nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Between November 2005 and June 2012, 301 patients with node-negative NPC were randomly assigned to receive primary plus prophylactic upper neck irradiation (UNI, 153 ...
Roeser Julien - - 2013
Electrochemical oxidation of peptides and proteins is traditionally performed on carbon-based electrodes. Adsorption caused by the affinity of hydrophobic and aromatic amino acids toward these surfaces leads to electrode fouling. We compared the performance of boron-doped diamond (BDD) and glassy carbon (GC) electrodes for the electrochemical oxidation and cleavage of ...
Someya Fujiko - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is a good marker of disease severity in patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, and is associated with oxygen saturation; however, little is known about this marker in systemic sclerosis patients with interstitial lung disease. We aimed to indicate the ...
Yoeruek Efdal - - 2013
Purpose:  To investigate in a retrospective review the histological and ultrastructural findings after failed primary and early Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK), propose possible pathomechanisms of graft failure and give clinical implications. Methods:  The explanted grafts underwent light- and electromicroscopical investigations in eight failed DMEK cases. Haematoxylin - Eosin, periodic ...
Xu Fenglian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders (AUD) during pregnancy can have profound lifelong effects on the baby, including fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Hospital admission for AUD during pregnancy provides an opportunity for intervention. Characterization of women along the AUD spectrum during pregnancy aids the development of prevention strategies, policy, and clinical ...
Sutton Nicole J - - 2013
Background: Surveillance endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) with right heart catheterization (RHC) is the standard of care for the assessment of post cardiac transplantation rejection. This procedure has traditionally relied upon fluoroscopy, which exposes both patient and staff to the risks of ionizing radiation. These risks may be of particular concern in ...
Phalkey Revati K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the progress of the Integrated Disease Surveillance (IDS) strategy is an important component to ensure its sustainability in the state of Maharashtra in India. The purpose of the study was to document the baseline performance of the system on its core and support functions and to understand the ...
Sun Chaomin - - 2013
The initiation of protein synthesis plays an essential regulatory role in human biology. At the center of the initiation pathway, the 13-subunit eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) controls access of other initiation factors and mRNA to the ribosome by unknown mechanisms. Using electron microscopy (EM), bioinformatics and biochemical experiments, ...
Fieremans E - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Along with cortical abnormalities, white matter microstructural changes such as axonal loss and myelin breakdown are implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. Recently, a white matter model was introduced that relates non-Gaussian diffusional kurtosis imaging metrics to characteristics of white matter tract integrity, including the axonal water ...
Pickett Stephanie - - 2013
Guided by Leventhal's common sense model of illness representations, this study examined the relationship between hypertension beliefs and self-care behaviors necessary for blood pressure (BP) control in a sample of 111 community-dwelling African Americans with hypertension. Participants completed the revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, BP Self-Care Scale, and a demographic data ...
Xu Chendi - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of implant shape and screw pitch on microdamage in bone during insertion of dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty custom-made implants (length, 10 mm; diameters, 4.1 mm; cylindrical, tapered, and taper-cylindrical shapes; screw pitches, 1.25 and 0.8 mm; classified as 1.25C, 0.8C, ...
Borah Basanta K - - 2013
Plant viruses, possessing a bacilliform shape and containing double-stranded DNA, are emerging as important pathogens in a number of agricultural and horticultural crops in the tropics. They have been reported from a large number of countries in African and Asian continents, as well as from islands from the Pacific region. ...
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