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Li Xiao-Wei - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Aristolochic acids (AAs) are naturally occurring nephrotoxicants and human carcinogens. Aristolochic acid I (AA-I) and aristolochic acid II (AA-II) are two important AAs with clear toxicity. OBJECTIVE: To obtain a monoclonal antibody (MAb) recognising AA-I and AA-II and develop an Eastern blotting technique for the specific visualisation and easy ...
Bianchi Andrea - - 2013
Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), bronchial inflammation and remodeling. The great improvements in (1) H MRI ultrashort-TE (UTE) sequences in the last decade have allowed lung images with high-resolution and good signal-to-noise ratio to be obtained in parenchymal tissues. In this article, we present a ...
Teo Peishan - - 2013
A new efficient method was developed to detect biotin in Antarctic krill by Vis-absorbance detection. DMF was used after chloroform pretreatment to extract biotin and two chromogenic methods were developed. The development system consisted of dichloromethane/dimethylcarbinol/methanol/glacial acetic acid (3:3:2:0.015, v/v/v/v). Samples was separated on precoated silica gel GF254 high-performance TLC ...
Navrátilová Lucie - - 2013
Adequate treatment of microbial infections requires rapid and accurate identification of the etiological agent. In routine diagnostics, identification of bacteria conventionally relies on phenotypic testing, which can be hindered by phenotypic variations. Therefore, genotyping techniques should perform faster and more accurately. Recently, the technique of high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) of ...
Tian Xin - - 2013
The materno-fetal transfer of nanoparticles is a critical issue in designing theranoustic nanoparticles for in vivo applications during pregnancy. Recent studies have reported that certain nanoparticles can cross the placental barrier in healthy pregnant animals depending on the size and surface modification of the nanoparticles and the developmental stages of ...
Rapp David N - - 2013
People learn from the texts that they read, but sometimes what they read is wrong. Previous research has demonstrated that individuals encode even obvious inaccuracies, at times relying on the misinformation to complete postreading tasks. In the present study, we investigated whether the influence of inaccurate information might be reduced ...
Kopetz Catalina - - 2013
Crack/cocaine and engagement in risky sexual behavior represent important contributors to the escalation of the HIV infection among women. Several lines of research have emphasized the role of social factors in women's vulnerability for such practices and stressed the importance of understanding such factors to better inform prevention efforts and ...
Lombardi Adolph V AV - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although there is extensive literature supporting a high success rate, there are limited data on return to work after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We sought to determine (1) the percentage of patients who returned to work after TKA; (2) what percentage returned to their original job; (3) whether ...
Heyse Thomas J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for juvenile idiopathic arthritis is rare but is nonetheless indicated for many patients with this disease. Few reports exist on the results of TKA in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: It was sought to determine (1) survivorship and (2) functional outcomes of TKAs in ...
Mehto Ashwini - - 2013
Tawa River is the biggest left bank tributary of the Narmada, the largest west-flowing river of the Indian peninsula. Central India enjoys a tropical climate, is highly urbanized, and the river flow is mostly controlled by monsoon; a large part of the population depend on rivers for their livelihood. Spatial ...
Kuo Chung-Yih - - 2013
Daily and hourly average data from nine air-quality monitoring stations distributed across central Taiwan, which include ten items (i.e., PM10, PM2.5, wind direction, wind speed, temperature, relative humidity, SO2, NO2, NO, and CO), were collected from 2005 to 2009. Four episode types: long-range transport with dust storms (DS), long-range transport ...
Lengers Bernd - - 2013
The overall measurement of farm level greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in dairy production is not feasible, from either an engineering or administrative point of view. Instead, computational model systems are used to generate emission inventories, demanding a validation by measurement data. This paper tests the GHG calculation of the dairy ...
Lee Woo-Jung - - 2013
A principal cause of THz emission in semiconductor nanostructures is deeply involved with geometry, which stimulates the utilization of indirect bandgap semiconductors for THz applications. To date, applications for optoelectronic devices, such as emitters and detectors, using THz radiation have focused only on direct bandgap materials. This paper reports the ...
Xiao Rong - - 2013
Enhancing condensation heat transfer is important for broad applications from power generation to water harvesting systems. Significant efforts have focused on easy removal of the condensate, yet the other desired properties of low contact angles and high nucleation densities for high heat transfer performance have been typically neglected. In this ...
Nagahara Noriyuki - - 2013
Human mercaptolactate-cysteine disulfiduria (MCDU) was first recognized and reported in 1968. Most cases of MCDU are associated with mental retardation, while the pathogenesis remains unknown. To investigate it, we generated homozygous 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MST: EC 2.8.1.2) knockout (KO) mice using C57BL/6 embryonic stem cells as an animal model. The MST-KO ...
Li H X - - 2013
The glass-forming ability (GFA) of alloys with a high-solvent content such as soft magnetic Fe-based and Al-based alloys is usually limited due to strong formation of the solvent-based solid solution phase. Herein, we report that the GFA of soft magnetic Fe-based alloys (with >70 at.% Fe to ensure large saturation ...
Nan Tianxiang - - 2013
High sensitivity magnetoelectric sensors with their electromechanical resonance frequencies < 200 kHz have been recently demonstrated using magnetostrictive/piezoelectric magnetoelectric heterostructures. In this work, we demonstrate a novel magnetoelectric nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS) resonator with an electromechanical resonance frequency of 215 MHz based on an AlN/(FeGaB/Al2O3) × 10 magnetoelectric heterostructure for detecting ...
Ma Yingqun - - 2013
At an initial pH of 2, while abiotic oxidation of aqueous Fe(2+) was enhanced by a flux of H2O2 at micromolar concentrations, bio-oxidation of aqueous Fe(2+) could be impeded due to oxidative stress/damage in Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans caused by Fenton reaction-derived hydroxyl radical, particularly when the molar ratio of Fe(2+) to ...
Yamashita Akihiro - - 2013
Safety is the foremost issue in all human cell therapies, but human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) currently lack a useful safety indicator. Studies in chimeric mice have demonstrated that certain lines of iPSCs are tumorigenic; however a similar screen has not been developed for human iPSCs. Here, we show ...
Jones P J - - 2013
We introduce a setup which realises a tunable engineered environment for experiments in circuit quantum electrodynamics. We illustrate this concept with the specific example of a quantum bit, qubit, in a high-quality-factor cavity which is capacitively coupled to another cavity including a resistor. The temperature of the resistor, which acts ...
Bhosale Sheshanath V - - 2013
The development of nanosized drug delivery systems to transport drugs to target cells, are promising tools to improve the drug therapeutic index. Transport systems should have a simple design to control the release of loaded drug to the target areas, thereby increasing concentration and prolonging retention. Herein, we demonstrate the ...
Mayumi Daisuke - - 2013
Deep subsurface formations (for example, high-temperature oil reservoirs) are candidate sites for carbon capture and storage technology. However, very little is known about how the subsurface microbial community would respond to an increase in CO2 pressure resulting from carbon capture and storage. Here we construct microcosms mimicking reservoir conditions (55 °C, ...
Takahashi Hiroko - - 2013
Photosynthesis is the biological process that feeds the biosphere with reduced carbon. The assimilation of CO2 requires the fine tuning of two co-existing functional modes: linear electron flow, which provides NADPH and ATP, and cyclic electron flow, which only sustains ATP synthesis. Although the importance of this fine tuning is ...
Elbaz Johann - - 2013
DNA nanotechnology is a rapidly developing research area in nanoscience. It includes the development of DNA machines, tailoring of DNA nanostructures, application of DNA nanostructures for computing, and more. Different DNA machines were reported in the past and DNA-guided assembly of nanoparticles represents an active research effort in DNA nanotechnology. ...
Bärtsch Peter - - 2013
A 45-year-old healthy man wishes to climb Mount Kilimanjaro (5895 m) in a 5-day period, starting at 1800 m. The results of a recent exercise stress test were normal; he runs 10 km 4 or 5 times per week and finished a marathon in less than 4 hours last year. ...
Sasaki Y - - 2013
Meningitis caused by enteric flora is a known complication of strongyloidiasis, and human T-lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) predisposes individuals to severe strongyloidiasis. We reviewed the clinical features of bacterial meningitis associated with strongyloidiasis seen at a single center in subtropical Japan, in an area endemic for both strongyloidiasis and HTLV-1. We ...
Suzuki Minako - - 2013
Myoepithelioma is an extremely rare condition that accounts for 1-1.5 % of salivary gland tumors. It was formerly regarded as a subtype of pleomorphic adenoma, in which myoepithelial structural components predominated, but was listed as a separate disease entity in the 1991 World Health Organization classification (Seifert in Histological typing of ...
Skjerven Håvard Ove HO Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, - - 2013
Acute bronchiolitis in infants frequently results in hospitalization, but there is no established consensus on inhalation therapy--either the type of medication or the frequency of administration--that may be of value. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of inhaled racemic adrenaline as compared with inhaled saline and the strategy for frequency ...
Kurtz Steven M SM Implant Research Center, School of Biomedical Engineering, Science, and Heath Systems, Drexel University, 3401 Market Street, Suite 345, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2013
Previous studies regarding modular head-neck taper corrosion were largely based on cobalt chrome (CoCr) alloy femoral heads. Less is known about head-neck taper corrosion with ceramic femoral heads. We asked (1) whether ceramic heads resulted in less taper corrosion than CoCr heads; (2) what device and patient factors influence taper ...
Lou H H Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to enhance the dissolution rate of prednisone by co-grinding with Neusilin to form a complex that can be incorporated into a mini-tablet formulation for pediatrics. Prednisone-Neusilin complex was co-grinded at various ratios (1:1, 1:3, 1:5, and 1:7). The physicochemical properties of the complex were ...
Xu Xiaoming X Division of Product Quality Research, OTR/OPS, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, Maryland 20993, USA. - - 2013
To assay the dissolution samples of a drug product from several sources, a simple but broadly applicable analytical method is always desired. For the liquid-filled cyclosporine capsules, while analyzing the dissolution samples, the current compendial and literature HPLC methods have been found to be inadequate to provide satisfactory separation of ...
Xue Li L Pharmacokinetics, Dynamics & Metabolism (PDM-NBE), Immunogenicity Sciences, Pfizer Inc., Andover, MA, USA. - - 2013
Biotherapeutic-reactive antibodies in treatment-naïve subjects (i.e., pre-existing antibodies) have been commonly detected during clinical immunogenicity assessments; however information on pre-existing antibody prevalence, physiological effects, and impact on posttreatment anti-drug antibody (ADA) induction remains limited. In this analysis, pre-existing antibody prevalence and impact on posttreatment ADA induction were determined using ADA ...
Racles Carmen C Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Aleea Gr. Ghica Voda 41A, 700487, Iasi, Romania. - - 2013
A series of blends of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and indomethacin (IMC), containing 20-80 wt.% IMC were obtained and characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction in order to observe the mutual influence of the two components. The main thermal transitions of PDMS remained un-changed. Both the ...
Yong Kol Jia KJ Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, the National University of Singapore Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering, - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. In the heterogeneous group of hepatocellular carcinomas, those with characteristics of embryonic stem-cell and progenitor-cell gene expression are associated with the worst prognosis. The oncofetal gene SALL4, a marker of a subtype of hepatocellular carcinoma with progenitor-like features, is ...
Bossen Jeroen K J JK Orthopaedic Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Diagnostic MRI reports can be distressing for patients with limited health literacy. Humans tend to prepare for the worst particularly when we are in pain, and words like "tear" can make us feel damaged and in need of repair. Research on words used in provider-patient interactions have shown an affect ...
Curtin Paul C P - - 2013
Here we applied behavioral testing, pharmacology, and in vivo electrophysiology to determine the function of the serotonin 5-HT5A receptor in goldfish startle plasticity and sensorimotor gating. In an initial series of behavioral experiments, we characterized the effects of a selective 5-HT5A antagonist, SB-699551 (3-cyclopentyl-N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-N-[(4'-{[(2-phenylethyl)amino]methyl}-4-biphenylyl)methyl]propanamide dihydrochloride), on prepulse inhibition of the ...
Kanekiyo Kenji - - 2013
In demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, a critical problem is failure of remyelination, which is important for protecting axons against degeneration and restoring conduction deficits. However, the underlying mechanism of demyelination/remyelination remains unclear. N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-IX (GnT-IX; also known as GnT-Vb) is a brain-specific glycosyltransferase that catalyzes the branched formation of ...
Corneil Brian D - - 2013
Adaptive adjustments of strategies help optimize behavior in a dynamic and uncertain world. Previous studies in the countermanding (or stop-signal) paradigm have detailed how reaction times (RTs) change with trial sequence, demonstrating adaptive control of movement generation. Comparatively little is known about the adaptive control of movement cancellation in the ...
Bhutani Neha - - 2013
How the brain converts parallel representations of movement goals into sequential movements is not known. We tested the role of basal ganglia (BG) in the temporal control of movement sequences by a convergent approach involving inactivation of the BG by muscimol injections into the caudate nucleus of monkeys and assessing ...
Crook Robyn J - - 2013
Bodily injury in mammals often produces persistent pain that is driven at least in part by long-lasting sensitization and spontaneous activity (SA) in peripheral branches of primary nociceptors near sites of injury. While nociceptors have been described in lower vertebrates and invertebrates, outside of mammals there is limited evidence for ...
Longo Geraldine - - 2013
Although chronic pain is the most common symptom of arthritis, relatively little is known about the mechanisms driving it. Recently, a sprouting of autonomic sympathetic fibers into the upper dermis of the skin, an area that is normally devoid of them, was found in the skin following chronic inflammation of ...
Eketjäll Susanna - - 2013
Aβ, the product of APP (amyloid precursor protein), has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). β-Site APP cleaving enzyme1 (BACE1) is the enzyme initiating the processing of the APP to Aβ peptides. Small molecule BACE1 inhibitors are expected to decrease Aβ-peptide generation and thereby reduce amyloid plaque ...
Treit Sarah - - 2013
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of brain development in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) has revealed structural abnormalities, but studies have been limited by the use of cross-sectional designs. Longitudinal scans can provide key insights into trajectories of neurodevelopment within individuals with this common developmental disorder. Here we evaluate serial DTI ...
Mascetti Laura - - 2013
Memories are consolidated during sleep by two apparently antagonistic processes: (1) reinforcement of memory-specific cortical interactions and (2) homeostatic reduction in synaptic efficiency. Using fMRI, we assessed whether episodic memories are processed during sleep by either or both mechanisms, by comparing recollection before and after sleep. We probed whether LTP ...
Nair R R - - 2013
Control of magnetism by applied voltage is desirable for spintronics applications. Finding a suitable material remains an elusive goal, with only a few candidates found so far. Graphene is one of them and attracts interest because of its weak spin-orbit interaction, the ability to control electronic properties by the electric ...
Dalkara Deniz - - 2013
Inherited retinal degenerative diseases are a clinically promising focus of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene therapy. These diseases arise from pathogenic mutations in mRNA transcripts expressed in the eye's photoreceptor cells or retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), leading to cell death and structural deterioration. Because current gene delivery methods require an injurious ...
Riabinska Arina - - 2013
When the integrity of the genome is threatened, cells activate a complex, kinase-based signaling network to arrest the cell cycle, initiate DNA repair, or, if the extent of damage is beyond repair capacity, induce apoptotic cell death. The ATM protein lies at the heart of this signaling network, which is ...
McCarthy Jeanette J - - 2013
Genomic medicine-an aspirational term 10 years ago-is gaining momentum across the entire clinical continuum from risk assessment in healthy individuals to genome-guided treatment in patients with complex diseases. We review the latest achievements in genome research and their impact on medicine, primarily in the past decade. In most cases, genomic ...
Ransdell Joseph L - - 2013
Biological and theoretical evidence suggest that individual neurons may achieve similar outputs by differentially balancing variable underlying ionic conductances. Despite the substantial amount of data consistent with this idea, a direct biological demonstration that cells with conserved output, particularly within the same network, achieve these outputs via different solutions has ...
Paik Jisun - - 2013
Obesity is a chronic inflammatory disease and a risk factor for disorders such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. A high-fat diet (HFD), a risk factor for obesity, has also been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A proinflammatory state characterized by systemic and local increases in cytokine and chemokine ...
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