Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2664
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gan Haiyun - - 2013
Little is known about how patterns of DNA methylation change during mammalian spermatogenesis. 5hmC has been recognized as a stable intermediate of DNA demethylation with potential regulatory functions in the mammalian genome. However, its global pattern in germ cells has yet to be addressed. Here, we first conducted absolute quantification ...
Bhosale Sheshanath V - - 2013
The development of nanosized drug delivery systems to transport drugs to target cells, are promising tools to improve the drug therapeutic index. Transport systems should have a simple design to control the release of loaded drug to the target areas, thereby increasing concentration and prolonging retention. Herein, we demonstrate the ...
Heyse Thomas J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for juvenile idiopathic arthritis is rare but is nonetheless indicated for many patients with this disease. Few reports exist on the results of TKA in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: It was sought to determine (1) survivorship and (2) functional outcomes of TKAs in ...
Bossen Jeroen K J JK Orthopaedic Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Diagnostic MRI reports can be distressing for patients with limited health literacy. Humans tend to prepare for the worst particularly when we are in pain, and words like "tear" can make us feel damaged and in need of repair. Research on words used in provider-patient interactions have shown an affect ...
Wardziak Thomas - - 2013
Amphibians are the vertebrate group most affected by global change. Their highly permeable skin is involved in maintaining homeostasis (e.g. water and electrolyte equilibrium), which makes them particularly vulnerable to climate warming and skin pathogens. This study focused on the impacts of both desiccation (as a potential consequence of climate ...
Teo Peishan - - 2013
A new efficient method was developed to detect biotin in Antarctic krill by Vis-absorbance detection. DMF was used after chloroform pretreatment to extract biotin and two chromogenic methods were developed. The development system consisted of dichloromethane/dimethylcarbinol/methanol/glacial acetic acid (3:3:2:0.015, v/v/v/v). Samples was separated on precoated silica gel GF254 high-performance TLC ...
Kopetz Catalina - - 2013
Crack/cocaine and engagement in risky sexual behavior represent important contributors to the escalation of the HIV infection among women. Several lines of research have emphasized the role of social factors in women's vulnerability for such practices and stressed the importance of understanding such factors to better inform prevention efforts and ...
Zhang Dong-Yang - - 2013
A novel negative pressure and microwave assisted extraction technique (NMAE) was first proposed and applied for extraction of phenolic compounds from pyrola. [C4MIM]BF4 aqueous solution was selected as extraction solvent. Optimal extraction conditions were microwave power 700 W, negative pressure -0.07 MPa, temperature 40 °C, liquid-solid ratio 20 : 1, ionic liquid ...
Kurtz Steven M SM Implant Research Center, School of Biomedical Engineering, Science, and Heath Systems, Drexel University, 3401 Market Street, Suite 345, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2013
Previous studies regarding modular head-neck taper corrosion were largely based on cobalt chrome (CoCr) alloy femoral heads. Less is known about head-neck taper corrosion with ceramic femoral heads. We asked (1) whether ceramic heads resulted in less taper corrosion than CoCr heads; (2) what device and patient factors influence taper ...
Yamashita Akihiro - - 2013
Safety is the foremost issue in all human cell therapies, but human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) currently lack a useful safety indicator. Studies in chimeric mice have demonstrated that certain lines of iPSCs are tumorigenic; however a similar screen has not been developed for human iPSCs. Here, we show ...
Gil Lorenzo Andrea Fernanda - - 2013
A series of signaling cascades are activated after angiotensin II binds to angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R), a peptide that is an important mediator of oxidative stress. Hsp70 regulates a diverse set of signaling pathways through interactions with proteins. Here, we tested the hypothesis of angiotensin II AT1R inhibition ...
Nan Tianxiang - - 2013
High sensitivity magnetoelectric sensors with their electromechanical resonance frequencies < 200 kHz have been recently demonstrated using magnetostrictive/piezoelectric magnetoelectric heterostructures. In this work, we demonstrate a novel magnetoelectric nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS) resonator with an electromechanical resonance frequency of 215 MHz based on an AlN/(FeGaB/Al2O3) × 10 magnetoelectric heterostructure for detecting ...
Di Michele Lorenzo - - 2013
Equilibrium self-assembly relies on the relaxation of disordered mixtures of building blocks towards an ordered ground state. The main drawback of this traditional approach lies in the kinetic traps that often interrupt the progression of the system towards equilibrium and lead to the formation of arrested phases. The latest techniques ...
Law Lawla L F - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to illustrate the development of a new functional task-based exercise programme and initially test its feasibility as well as effectiveness for older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study used a single-group repeated-measures design. A total of 11 patients (mean age 71.8 years) were ...
Xu Xiaoming X Division of Product Quality Research, OTR/OPS, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, Maryland 20993, USA. - - 2013
To assay the dissolution samples of a drug product from several sources, a simple but broadly applicable analytical method is always desired. For the liquid-filled cyclosporine capsules, while analyzing the dissolution samples, the current compendial and literature HPLC methods have been found to be inadequate to provide satisfactory separation of ...
Bärtsch Peter - - 2013
A 45-year-old healthy man wishes to climb Mount Kilimanjaro (5895 m) in a 5-day period, starting at 1800 m. The results of a recent exercise stress test were normal; he runs 10 km 4 or 5 times per week and finished a marathon in less than 4 hours last year. ...
Miguel Ana - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to detect and characterize adverse drug reactions (ADRs) that occurred during hospitalization (ADRIn ) and ADRs associated with admission (ADRAd ) in Portugal from 2000 to 2009. We also intended to compare the results of this methodology with spontaneous reporting. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide study ...
Mu Xiaodong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Epigenetics is the study of changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype caused by mechanisms other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence. It is widely accepted that cancer has genetic and epigenetic origins. The idea of epigenetic reprogramming of cancer cells by an embryonic microenvironment possesses potential interest ...
Xue Li L Pharmacokinetics, Dynamics & Metabolism (PDM-NBE), Immunogenicity Sciences, Pfizer Inc., Andover, MA, USA. - - 2013
Biotherapeutic-reactive antibodies in treatment-naïve subjects (i.e., pre-existing antibodies) have been commonly detected during clinical immunogenicity assessments; however information on pre-existing antibody prevalence, physiological effects, and impact on posttreatment anti-drug antibody (ADA) induction remains limited. In this analysis, pre-existing antibody prevalence and impact on posttreatment ADA induction were determined using ADA ...
Li H X - - 2013
The glass-forming ability (GFA) of alloys with a high-solvent content such as soft magnetic Fe-based and Al-based alloys is usually limited due to strong formation of the solvent-based solid solution phase. Herein, we report that the GFA of soft magnetic Fe-based alloys (with >70 at.% Fe to ensure large saturation ...
Spies Narrissa P - - 2013
Growth anomaly (GA) is a coral disease characterized by enlarged skeletal lesions. Although negative effects of GA on several of coral's biological functions have been determined, the etiology and molecular pathology of this disease is very poorly understood. We studied the expression of 5 genes suspected to play a role ...
Zhang Baozhong - - 2013
Classical theory predicts that branching defects are unavoidable in large dendritic molecules when steric congestion is important. Here we report first experimental evidence of this effect via labelling measurements of an extended homologous series of generations g=1…6 of dendronized polymers. This system exhibits a single type of defect interrogated specifically ...
Cerna R - - 2013
Non-linear interactions in coherent gases are not only at the origin of bright and dark solitons and superfluids; they also give rise to phenomena such as multistability, which hold great promise for the development of advanced photonic and spintronic devices. In particular, spinor multistability in strongly coupled semiconductor microcavities shows ...
Xie B - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Initial evidence from recent studies indicated a relationship between the high-activity MAOA uVNTR polymorphism and lower risk of obesity even though findings were varied across populations, and hence replication studies with population-based samples are clearly warranted. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: Our findings confirmed ...
Oppermann Frank - - 2013
Naming an object in the context of other objects requires the selection and processing of the target object at different levels, while the processing of competing representations activated by context objects has to be constrained. At what stage are these competing representations attenuated? To address this question, we presented pairs ...
Takahashi Hiroko - - 2013
Photosynthesis is the biological process that feeds the biosphere with reduced carbon. The assimilation of CO2 requires the fine tuning of two co-existing functional modes: linear electron flow, which provides NADPH and ATP, and cyclic electron flow, which only sustains ATP synthesis. Although the importance of this fine tuning is ...
Lou H H Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to enhance the dissolution rate of prednisone by co-grinding with Neusilin to form a complex that can be incorporated into a mini-tablet formulation for pediatrics. Prednisone-Neusilin complex was co-grinded at various ratios (1:1, 1:3, 1:5, and 1:7). The physicochemical properties of the complex were ...
Tian Xin - - 2013
The materno-fetal transfer of nanoparticles is a critical issue in designing theranoustic nanoparticles for in vivo applications during pregnancy. Recent studies have reported that certain nanoparticles can cross the placental barrier in healthy pregnant animals depending on the size and surface modification of the nanoparticles and the developmental stages of ...
Pales Espinosa Emmanuelle - - 2013
Perkinsus marinus is an important protistan parasite of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica. Recent findings showed that oyster pallial organs (mantle, gills) are a major portal of entry for the parasite. Therefore, mucus covering these organs represents the first host effectors encountered by P. marinus. This study consisted of several ...
Miao Liyun - - 2013
Discoidin domain receptors (DDRs) are a novel class of receptor tyrosine kinases that respond to several collagens and facilitate cell adhesion. DDR1 is highly expressed in a variety of human cancers, and it is clear that DDR1 is primarily expressed in epithelial cells including lung, colon and brain. Moreover, DDR1 ...
Kuo Chung-Yih - - 2013
Daily and hourly average data from nine air-quality monitoring stations distributed across central Taiwan, which include ten items (i.e., PM10, PM2.5, wind direction, wind speed, temperature, relative humidity, SO2, NO2, NO, and CO), were collected from 2005 to 2009. Four episode types: long-range transport with dust storms (DS), long-range transport ...
Lee Woo-Jung - - 2013
A principal cause of THz emission in semiconductor nanostructures is deeply involved with geometry, which stimulates the utilization of indirect bandgap semiconductors for THz applications. To date, applications for optoelectronic devices, such as emitters and detectors, using THz radiation have focused only on direct bandgap materials. This paper reports the ...
Mobargha Nathalie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The complex configuration of the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC-1) joint relies on musculotendinous and ligamentous support for precise circumduction. Ligament innervation contributes to joint stability and proprioception. Evidence suggests abnormal ligament innervation is associated with osteoarthritis (OA) in large joints; however, little is known about CMC-1 ligament innervation characteristics in ...
Kim Hyoung Jun - - 2013
The geographic distribution of koi herpesvirus (KHV) has recently been analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR, based on the alleles of 3 domains) and sequence analysis using 3 regions of KHV genomic DNA (SphI-5, 9/5, and the thymidine kinase gene). In this study, samples from 6 carp showing symptoms of ...
Elbaz Johann - - 2013
DNA nanotechnology is a rapidly developing research area in nanoscience. It includes the development of DNA machines, tailoring of DNA nanostructures, application of DNA nanostructures for computing, and more. Different DNA machines were reported in the past and DNA-guided assembly of nanoparticles represents an active research effort in DNA nanotechnology. ...
Wu Bo - - 2013
There has been much controversy over the incorporation of organic-ligand-encapsulated plasmonic nanoparticles in the active layer of bulk heterojunction organic solar cells, where both enhancement and detraction in performance have been reported. Here through comprehensive transient optical spectroscopy and electrical characterization, we demonstrate evidence of traps responsible for performance degradation ...
Racles Carmen C Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Aleea Gr. Ghica Voda 41A, 700487, Iasi, Romania. - - 2013
A series of blends of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and indomethacin (IMC), containing 20-80 wt.% IMC were obtained and characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction in order to observe the mutual influence of the two components. The main thermal transitions of PDMS remained un-changed. Both the ...
La Favor Justin D - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate aerobic exercise training as a means to prevent erectile dysfunction (ED) and coronary artery disease (CAD) development associated with inactivity and diet-induced obesity. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a Western diet (WD) or Control diet (CD) for 12 weeks. Subgroups within each ...
Gallagher Christopher J - - 2013
There is limited information on the effects of vitamin D on serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D in young people and none on African Americans. The main objective of this trial was to measure the effect of different doses of Vitamin D3 on serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and serum PTH (parathyroid ...
Takemi Mitsuaki - - 2013
There is increasing interest in electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) as a tool for rehabilitation of upper limb motor functions in hemiplegic stroke patients. This type of BCI often exploits EEG mu and beta oscillations recorded over the sensorimotor areas, and their event-related desynchronization (ERD) following motor imagery is believed ...
Basha Omer - - 2013
Genome sequencing and transcriptomic profiling are two widely used approaches for the identification of human disease pathways. However, each approach typically provides a limited view of disease pathways: Genome sequencing can identify disease-related mutations but rarely reveals their mode-of-action, while transcriptomic assays do not reveal the series of events that ...
Griffiths Peter C - - 2013
Development of transgenic mouse models expressing heterologous prion proteins (PrP) has facilitated and advanced in vivo studies of prion diseases affecting humans and animals. Here, novel transgenic mouse lines expressing a chimeric murine/ovine (Mu/Ov) PrP transgene, including amino acid residues alanine, histidine and glutamine at ovine polymorphic codons 136, 154 ...
Whelan Donna R - - 2013
The application of FTIR spectroscopy to disease diagnosis requires a thorough knowledge of the spectroscopy associated with the cell cycle to discern disease markers from normal cellular events. We have applied synchrotron FTIR spectroscopy to monitor cells at different phases of the cell cycle namely G1, S and G2 phases. ...
Urquhart D S - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To describe breathing patterns in infants with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS), as well as the effects of supplemental oxygen (O2) on breathing patterns. Children with PWS commonly have sleep-disordered breathing, including hypersomnolence and obstructive sleep apnoea, as well as central sleep breathing abnormalities that are present from infancy. DESIGN: Retrospective ...
Ghijselings Ines - - 2013
Objectives:To examine the relationship between normative and self-perceived treatment need assessed by different measures, comprising two Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) scales. Subjects and Methods:This cross-sectional observational study comprised 386 children aged 11-16 years registered for a first consultation at the Orthodontic Department of the University Hospitals of Leuven ...
Chen Xi X Laboratory of Applied Neuroscience, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, - - 2013
Damage to the medial temporal lobe impairs the encoding of new memories and the retrieval of memories acquired immediately before the damage in human. In this study, we demonstrated that artificial visuoauditory memory traces can be established in the rat auditory cortex and that their encoding and retrieval depend on ...
Mohajeri Arezoo - - 2013
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm displaying variable morphologic and clinical features. To identify pathogenetically important genetic rearrangements, 44 SFTs were analyzed using a variety of techniques. Chromosome banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed recurrent breakpoints in 12q13, clustering near the NAB2 and STAT6 genes, and ...
Wang Y Claire - - 2013
BACKGROUND: New York City recently proposed a restriction to cap the portion size of all sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) sold in food-service establishments at 16 oz (473 mL). One critical question is whether such a policy may disproportionally affect low-income or overweight individuals.Objective: The objective was to determine the demographic characteristics ...
Fujiyama Hakuei - - 2013
A disruptive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) approach was used to determine whether the increased frontal activation and reduced hemispheric laterality brain activation patterns observed in older adults during motor tasks play a functional role. Young and older adults abducted their left index finger as soon as possible following a visual ...
Khairullah S - - 2013
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare clinical syndrome of ineffective intestinal motility characterised by clinical and radiological evidence of intestinal obstruction with no identifiable mechanical lesion. CIPO can either be idiopathic or secondary to a systemic disease, like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Fewer than 30 cases of CIPO secondary ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >