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Oztürk Serkan - - 2013
Objectives: It is well known that inflammation plays a key role in both initiation and propagation of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). White blood cell (WBC) and its subtypes are an indicator of inflammation in patients with ACS. We aimed to evaluate the WBC and its subtypes in patients aged <45 ...
Buturak Ali - - 2013
A 73-year-old female patient underwent transradial coronary angiography with stable angina and signs of significant myocardial ischemia revealed by exercise stress test. After insertion of a 6F radial sheath into the right radial artery and intra-arterial administration of heparin plus verapamil, the hydrophilic guidewire could not be advanced under fluoroscopic ...
Koeleman Bobby P C - - 2013
Heritable EEG traits are often associated with epilepsy, and photoparoxysmal EEG response (PPR) is the most notable example of this observation in JME. Such EEG traits may be a subclinical expression of the defective mechanism that leads to epilepsy. Therefore, these traits can be used to map epilepsy genes by ...
Bansal Shuchi - - 2013
Paget's disease of the breast is an uncommon form of breast cancer presenting as an eczematous eruption over the nipple and/or areola. The diagnosis remains elusive with varied presentations, mimicking many benign skin diseases, the awareness of which is indispensable for diagnosis and minimizing morbidity. Most of the cases have ...
Smith G Troy - - 2013
The ghost knifefishes (family Apteronotidae) are one of the most successful and diverse families of electric fish. Like other weakly electric fish, apteronotids produce electric organ discharges (EODs) that function in electrolocation and communication. This review highlights the diversity in the structure, function and sexual dimorphism of electrocommunication signals within ...
Pexe-Machado Paula Alves - - 2013
Prolonged preoperative fasting increases postoperative hospital length of stay and current evidence recommends patients drink a carbohydrate-based liquid drink 2 h before surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of hydrolyzed protein to a carbohydrate-based drink would reduce both the inflammatory response and hospital length ...
Camfield Carol S - - 2013
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a widely recognized presumed genetic, electroclinical idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndrome. The prevalence of JME in large cohorts has been estimated to be 5% to 10% of all epilepsies and around 18% of idiopathic generalized epilepsies but may be lower in some settings. There is a ...
Oto Ali - - 2013
Objectives: Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation with cryothermal energy is a recently introduced technique in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). It may reduce procedural times and serious complications associated with radiofrequency (RF) ablation. We aimed to present the baseline characteristics and follow-up data of our study population undergoing cryoballoon AF ablation. ...
Borregales Leonardo D - - 2013
To determine the extent of variability in the definitions of the 'trifecta' after radical prostatectomy (undetectable PSA, urinary continence and potency) to be found in the literature. To establish a consensus definition of the trifecta in an effort to standardize criteria and reporting. A systematic review of published articles found ...
Kobayashi Y - - 2013
Corticosteroid insensitivity is a major therapeutic problem for some inflammatory diseases including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and it is known to be induced by reduced histone deacetylase (HDAC)-2 activities via activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway. The aim of this study is to evaluate effects of a novel ...
Márquez Brenda Toscano - - 2013
Sensory neurons continually adapt their processing properties in response to changes in the sensory environment or the brain's internal state. Neuromodulators are thought to mediate such adaptation through a variety of receptors and their action has been implicated in processes such as attention, learning and memory, aggression, reproductive behaviour and ...
Pinho Brígida R - - 2013
Mitochondria are a drug target in mitochondrial dysfunction diseases and in antiparasitic chemotherapy. While zebrafish is increasingly used as a biomedical model, its potential for mitochondrial research remains relatively unexplored. Here, we perform the first systematic analysis of how mitochondrial respiratory chain inhibitors affect zebrafish development and cardiovascular function, and ...
D'Arcy Yvonne - - 2013
Among the questions raised about patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) by proxy are as follows: What are the safety issues related to PCA by proxy? Should another type of pain management be used for patients who can not activate the PCA button? This article focuses on safe PCA use and authorized agent-controlled ...
Langan Sinéad M SM Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK. - - 2013
In this issue, Simpson and colleagues report a large-scale ecological study that reminds us of the importance of physical environmental factors in the development of atopic dermatitis. The mechanisms through which these factors influence AD development are incompletely understood, but further research in this area is likely to yield substantial ...
Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité Dorothée G A - - 2013
An international workshop on juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) was conducted in Avignon, France in May 2011. During that workshop, a group of 45 experts on JME, together with one of the founding fathers of the syndrome of JME ("Janz syndrome"), Prof. Dr. Dieter Janz from Berlin, reached a consensus on ...
Unguez Graciela A GA Department of Biology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA. - - 2013
Biology is replete with examples of regeneration, the process that allows animals to replace or repair cells, tissues and organs. As on land, vertebrates in aquatic environments experience the occurrence of injury with varying frequency and to different degrees. Studies demonstrate that ray-finned fishes possess a very high capacity to ...
Guharoy Mainak M VIB Department of Structural Biology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, - - 2013
Cytoskeleton, the internal scaffold of the cell, displays an exceptional combination of stability and dynamics. It is composed of three major filamentous networks, microfilaments (actin filaments), intermediate filaments (neurofilaments), and microtubules. Together, they ensure the physical and structural stability of the cell, whereby also mediating its large-scale structural rearrangements, motility, ...
Johnson David W - - 2013
Micro-stereolithography (μSL) is used to produce 3D porous polymer structures by templating high internal phase emulsions, as reported by Frederik Claeyssens, Neil R. Cameron, and co-workers on page 3178. The frontispiece shows an SEM image of an emulsion-templated porous polymer feature produced using the technique. The insets show a magnified ...
Gou Yanzi - - 2013
Synthetic glycopolymers are important natural oligosaccharides mimics for many biological applications. To develop glycopolymeric drugs and therapeutic agents, factors that control the receptor-ligand interaction need to be investigated. A library of well-defined glycopolymers has been prepared by the combination of copper mediated living radical polymerization and CuAAC click reaction via ...
- - 2013
Rubella usually is a mild, febrile rash illness in children and adults; however, infection early in pregnancy, particularly during the first 16 weeks, can result in miscarriage, stillbirth, or an infant born with birth defects (i.e., congenital rubella syndrome [CRS]). As of 2013, goals to eliminate rubella have been established ...
- - 2013
During the 2012-13 influenza season in the United States, influenza activity* increased through November and December before peaking in late December. Influenza A (H3N2) viruses predominated overall, but influenza B viruses and, to a lesser extent, influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 (pH1N1) viruses also were reported in the United States. This influenza ...
- - 2013
CDC continues to work in consultation with the World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners to better understand the public health risk posed by the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV), formerly known as novel coronavirus, which was first reported to cause human infection in September 2012. The continued reporting ...
- - 2013
This report is a compendium of all current recommendations for the prevention of measles, rubella, congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), and mumps. The report presents the recent revisions adopted by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) on October 24, 2012, and also summarizes all existing ACIP recommendations that have been ...
- - 2013
Patients with mental health disorders (MHDs) use the emergency department (ED) for acute psychiatric emergencies, for injuries and illnesses complicated by or related to their MHD, or when psychiatric or primary-care options are inaccessible or unavailable. An estimated 5% of ambulatory-care visits in the United States during 2007-2008 were made ...
- - 2013
On May 9, 2013, the Somalia Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO) reported a confirmed wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case in a girl aged 32 months from Mogadishu (Banadir Region), with onset of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) on April 18, 2013. Subsequently, eight additional WPV1 cases ...
- - 2013
On June 12, 2013, the Thailand Ministry of Health and CDC published results from a randomized controlled trial of a daily oral dose of 300 mg of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) that showed efficacy in reducing the acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among injecting drug users (IDUs) (1). ...
- - 2013
Lymphatic filariasis (LF), also known as elephantiasis, results from mosquito-borne infection with filarial worm parasites, predominantly Wuchereria bancrofti, and can lead to severe disfigurement from lymphedema and hydrocele. The World Health Organization (WHO) has called for the elimination of LF using the strategy of annual mass drug administration (MDA). WHO ...
Rapp David N - - 2013
People learn from the texts that they read, but sometimes what they read is wrong. Previous research has demonstrated that individuals encode even obvious inaccuracies, at times relying on the misinformation to complete postreading tasks. In the present study, we investigated whether the influence of inaccurate information might be reduced ...
Sasaki Y - - 2013
Meningitis caused by enteric flora is a known complication of strongyloidiasis, and human T-lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) predisposes individuals to severe strongyloidiasis. We reviewed the clinical features of bacterial meningitis associated with strongyloidiasis seen at a single center in subtropical Japan, in an area endemic for both strongyloidiasis and HTLV-1. We ...
Navrátilová Lucie - - 2013
Adequate treatment of microbial infections requires rapid and accurate identification of the etiological agent. In routine diagnostics, identification of bacteria conventionally relies on phenotypic testing, which can be hindered by phenotypic variations. Therefore, genotyping techniques should perform faster and more accurately. Recently, the technique of high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) of ...
Mehto Ashwini - - 2013
Tawa River is the biggest left bank tributary of the Narmada, the largest west-flowing river of the Indian peninsula. Central India enjoys a tropical climate, is highly urbanized, and the river flow is mostly controlled by monsoon; a large part of the population depend on rivers for their livelihood. Spatial ...
Robertson Laura S - - 2013
Frogs secrete antimicrobial peptides onto their skin. We describe an assay to preserve and analyze antimicrobial peptide transcripts from field-collected skin secretions that will complement existing methods for peptide analysis. We collected skin secretions from 4 North American species in the field in California and 2 species in the laboratory. ...
Nagahara Noriyuki - - 2013
Human mercaptolactate-cysteine disulfiduria (MCDU) was first recognized and reported in 1968. Most cases of MCDU are associated with mental retardation, while the pathogenesis remains unknown. To investigate it, we generated homozygous 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MST: EC 2.8.1.2) knockout (KO) mice using C57BL/6 embryonic stem cells as an animal model. The MST-KO ...
Suzuki Minako - - 2013
Myoepithelioma is an extremely rare condition that accounts for 1-1.5 % of salivary gland tumors. It was formerly regarded as a subtype of pleomorphic adenoma, in which myoepithelial structural components predominated, but was listed as a separate disease entity in the 1991 World Health Organization classification (Seifert in Histological typing of ...
Binesh C P - - 2013
Heavy mortality was observed in an experimental lot of 2 ornamental fish species, zebrafish Danio rerio (F. Hamilton, 1822) and goldfish Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758). The fishes showed typical symptoms of viral nervous necrosis before death. Gross morphological examination revealed no visible lesions except in the brain, visible as a ...
Yong Kol Jia KJ Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, the National University of Singapore Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering, - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. In the heterogeneous group of hepatocellular carcinomas, those with characteristics of embryonic stem-cell and progenitor-cell gene expression are associated with the worst prognosis. The oncofetal gene SALL4, a marker of a subtype of hepatocellular carcinoma with progenitor-like features, is ...
Li Xiao-Wei - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Aristolochic acids (AAs) are naturally occurring nephrotoxicants and human carcinogens. Aristolochic acid I (AA-I) and aristolochic acid II (AA-II) are two important AAs with clear toxicity. OBJECTIVE: To obtain a monoclonal antibody (MAb) recognising AA-I and AA-II and develop an Eastern blotting technique for the specific visualisation and easy ...
Kobus Thiele - - 2013
In many studies, it has been demonstrated that (1) H MRSI of the human prostate has great potential to aid prostate cancer management, e.g. in the detection and localisation of cancer foci in the prostate or in the assessment of its aggressiveness. It is particularly powerful in combination with T2 ...
Bianchi Andrea - - 2013
Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), bronchial inflammation and remodeling. The great improvements in (1) H MRI ultrashort-TE (UTE) sequences in the last decade have allowed lung images with high-resolution and good signal-to-noise ratio to be obtained in parenchymal tissues. In this article, we present a ...
Breyta Rachel - - 2013
Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) occurs in North America as 3 major phylogenetic groups designated U, M, and L. In coastal Washington State, IHNV has historically consisted of U genogroup viruses found predominantly in sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka. M genogroup IHNV, which has host-specific virulence for rainbow and steelhead trout ...
Cai Min - - 2013
Fluorene-based bis(dioxaborole)s and a poly(dioxaborole) were used to optically detect Lewis bases. Studies of the binding mechanism and signal transduction indicated that the response from these dioxaboroles was sensitive, reversible and cross-reactive. The polymer exhibited enhanced response due to extended conjugation through the dioxaboroles.
Skjerven Håvard Ove HO Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, - - 2013
Acute bronchiolitis in infants frequently results in hospitalization, but there is no established consensus on inhalation therapy--either the type of medication or the frequency of administration--that may be of value. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of inhaled racemic adrenaline as compared with inhaled saline and the strategy for frequency ...
Zhang Bao-Cun - - 2013
The family Iridoviridae consists of 5 genera of double-stranded DNA viruses, including the genus Megalocytivirus, which contains species that are important fish pathogens. In a previous study, we isolated the first rock bream iridovirus from China (RBIV-C1) and identified it as a member of the genus Megalocytivirus. In this report, ...
Jones P J - - 2013
We introduce a setup which realises a tunable engineered environment for experiments in circuit quantum electrodynamics. We illustrate this concept with the specific example of a quantum bit, qubit, in a high-quality-factor cavity which is capacitively coupled to another cavity including a resistor. The temperature of the resistor, which acts ...
Schroeder Scott A - - 2013
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is an autosomal recessive multiorgan disease characterized by progressive neurologic deterioration in which the most common causes of death are diseases of the respiratory system and cancer. This retrospective case-series characterizes the pulmonary disease seen in 101 cancer-free A-T patients who were living with chronic respiratory symptoms or ...
Lengers Bernd - - 2013
The overall measurement of farm level greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in dairy production is not feasible, from either an engineering or administrative point of view. Instead, computational model systems are used to generate emission inventories, demanding a validation by measurement data. This paper tests the GHG calculation of the dairy ...
Xiao Rong - - 2013
Enhancing condensation heat transfer is important for broad applications from power generation to water harvesting systems. Significant efforts have focused on easy removal of the condensate, yet the other desired properties of low contact angles and high nucleation densities for high heat transfer performance have been typically neglected. In this ...
Lombardi Adolph V AV - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although there is extensive literature supporting a high success rate, there are limited data on return to work after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We sought to determine (1) the percentage of patients who returned to work after TKA; (2) what percentage returned to their original job; (3) whether ...
Mayumi Daisuke - - 2013
Deep subsurface formations (for example, high-temperature oil reservoirs) are candidate sites for carbon capture and storage technology. However, very little is known about how the subsurface microbial community would respond to an increase in CO2 pressure resulting from carbon capture and storage. Here we construct microcosms mimicking reservoir conditions (55 °C, ...
Ma Yingqun - - 2013
At an initial pH of 2, while abiotic oxidation of aqueous Fe(2+) was enhanced by a flux of H2O2 at micromolar concentrations, bio-oxidation of aqueous Fe(2+) could be impeded due to oxidative stress/damage in Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans caused by Fenton reaction-derived hydroxyl radical, particularly when the molar ratio of Fe(2+) to ...
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