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Claudio Cristiane Chiantelli - - 2013
The objective of the study was to assess the nutritional status and metabolic alterations in HIV-exposed uninfected (HIVe) children compared with HIV-unexposed (HIVn) children. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 76 children distributed into two groups: HIVe (n = 31) and HIVn (n = 45). Biochemical data (hematologic test, lipid ...
Higashikawa Fumiko - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid phosphate (ALA-P) and iron on the glycemic index in mildly hyperglycemic adults. This double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial comprised 212 subjects (ages 35-70 y, fasting plasma glucose 105-125 mg/dL or hemoglobin (Hb)A1c 6.1%-7.1%). These participants were randomly ...
Meijers Judith M M - - 2013
The main objective of this study was to develop a feedback system that improves the translation of malnutrition performance data from the Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems (LPZ) into relevant evidence- and practice-based interventions in care homes. The process consisted of two stages. The first was the development ...
Jayaratne Naomi - - 2013
Vitamin D intake from foods or supplements is a safe and attractive means to improve vitamin D status of populations. The aim of this study was to help identify population subgroups that would benefit most from efforts to increase intake. To do so, we investigated which personal characteristics are associated ...
Pexe-Machado Paula Alves - - 2013
Prolonged preoperative fasting increases postoperative hospital length of stay and current evidence recommends patients drink a carbohydrate-based liquid drink 2 h before surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of hydrolyzed protein to a carbohydrate-based drink would reduce both the inflammatory response and hospital length ...
Guardamagna Ornella - - 2013
Primary dyslipidemias are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and should be addressed early in life. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in children affected by primary hypercholesterolemia, the efficacy and tolerability of a short-term treatment with a dietary supplement containing glucomannan. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial ...
Winter Mark - - 2013
ABSTRACT Factors limiting trichothecene contamination of mature wheat grains after Fusarium infection are of major interest in crop production. In addition to ear infection, systemic translocation of deoxynivalenol (DON) may contribute to mycotoxin levels in grains after stem base infection with toxigenic Fusarium spp. However, the exact and potential mechanisms ...
Duran Mustafa - - 2013
Objectives: We evaluated the relationship between serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) levels and the burden of atherosclerosis in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Study design: This study involved 180 patients (139 male, 41 female; mean age 63±11 years) with the diagnosis of ACS (non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina) who ...
Oduncu Vecih - - 2013
Objectives: We aimed to compare the efficacy of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) in patients >=80 versus <80 years of age with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Study design: We retrospectively enrolled 2213 patients with acute STEMI. The patients were prospectively followed up for a median of 42 months. Early ...
Buturak Ali - - 2013
A 73-year-old female patient underwent transradial coronary angiography with stable angina and signs of significant myocardial ischemia revealed by exercise stress test. After insertion of a 6F radial sheath into the right radial artery and intra-arterial administration of heparin plus verapamil, the hydrophilic guidewire could not be advanced under fluoroscopic ...
Ozmen Ca─člar - - 2013
In this article, we present a case with isolated right ventricular myocardial infarction (MI) who underwent coronary angiography on suspicion of acute anteroseptal MI detected on ECG; however, occlusion of the proximal right coronary artery (RCA) was detected. A female patient aged 65 years was brought to the emergency room ...
Cilingiro─člu Mehmet - - 2013
Ectopic kidneys are rare and usually present incidental findings during invasive or non-invasive angiography. Their parenchyma is not more susceptible to disease and symptoms occur mainly due to alteration of the anatomic relations. The main renal artery of the ectopic kidney derives invariably from the aorta; however, accessory renal arteries ...
Yüksel Isa Oner - - 2013
In recent years, the use of herbal combinations, plant extracts or food supplements has increased in our country and all over the world. However, there is not enough data to determine the effective doses of these substances in the composition of herbal preparations, or their effects on metabolism and drug ...
Angelova-Fischer I - - 2013
Inflammation, increased sebum production and P. acnes colonization are key factors in acne pathogenesis. Cosmetic formulations based on a combination of active compounds with in vitro proven anti-inflammatory, sebum regulating and P. acnes reducing properties may therefore contribute to improve the clinical signs and associated burden of disease. To provide ...
Lee Jean K - - 2013
Despite the successful FDA approval of sorafenib as the standard of care therapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), its clinical benefits have been modest. The mortality rate remains high and prognosis poor for patients with advanced-stage HCC. The exact mechanism of sorafenib in the treatment of HCC and ...
Cha Charles - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, and its incidence continues to rise in the United States. Partial hepatectomy and liver transplantation remains the mainstay of treatment for localized disease and provides significant improvement in long-term survival, as well as the potential for cure. The indications and ...
Stein Stacey M - - 2013
The medical oncologist's perspective on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unique compared with their view on other solid tumors. A patient's underlying liver function should be factored into the selection of treatment options; therefore, a staging system that takes into account other clinical parameters other than only tumor characteristics is important. ...
Camfield Carol S - - 2013
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a widely recognized presumed genetic, electroclinical idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndrome. The prevalence of JME in large cohorts has been estimated to be 5% to 10% of all epilepsies and around 18% of idiopathic generalized epilepsies but may be lower in some settings. There is a ...
Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité Dorothée G A - - 2013
In juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), occurrence of seizures and epileptiform EEG discharges is influenced by internal and external factors. The most important internal factor is the chronodependency: the occurrence of myoclonic jerks in the early morning is one of the hallmarks of JME. Approximately two-thirds of the patients with JME ...
Koepp Matthias J - - 2013
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) has been classified as a syndrome of idiopathic generalized epilepsy and is characterized by specific types of seizures, showing a lack of pathology using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography scanning. However, JME is associated with a particular personality profile, and behavioral and neuropsychological studies ...
Delgado-Escueta Antonio V - - 2013
Introduced into a specific population, a juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) mutation generates linkage disequilibrium (LD). Linkage disequilibrium is strongest when the JME mutation is of recent origin, still "hitchhiking" alleles surrounding it, as a haplotype into the next thousands of generations. Recombinations decay LD over tens of thousands of generations ...
de Nijs Laurence - - 2013
Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME) accounts for almost 12% of all epilepsies and is one of the most frequent forms of genetic generalized epilepsies. Genetic studies have revealed that mutations in EFHC1 (EF-hand containing one) account for 3 to 9% of all cases around the world. This gene encodes a protein ...
Helbig Ingo - - 2013
Structural genomic variants or copy number variants (CNVs) comprise submicroscopic deletions and duplications of chromosomal material, including both rearrangements at genomic hotspots as well as duplications and deletions with unique breakpoints. Copy number variants have increasingly been recognized in the Idiopathic/Genetic Generalized Epilepsies (IGE/GGE) including juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Microdeletions ...
Koeleman Bobby P C - - 2013
Heritable EEG traits are often associated with epilepsy, and photoparoxysmal EEG response (PPR) is the most notable example of this observation in JME. Such EEG traits may be a subclinical expression of the defective mechanism that leads to epilepsy. Therefore, these traits can be used to map epilepsy genes by ...
Schmitz Bettina - - 2013
Following decades of neglect, there has been an increasing interest in the behavioral aspects of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) in the recent literature. A number of authors have investigated psychiatric comorbidity, cognitive profiles, and related behavioral features associated with JME. Although these findings are not entirely uniform, most studies suggest ...
Genton Pierre - - 2013
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a recognizable, frequent epileptic syndrome. The most typical ictal phenomenon is bilateral myoclonia without loss of consciousness (M), with most patients also presenting with generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCSs) and some with absence seizures (ASs). The most striking features of JME are its onset around the ...
Crespel Arielle - - 2013
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a common form of epilepsy and a fairly lifelong disorder that may significantly lower a patient's expectations and potential for a full life. Luckily, it is also a highly treatable disorder, and up to 85% of patients with JME will enjoy satisfactory seizure control. Among ...
Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité Dorothée G A - - 2013
An international workshop on juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) was conducted in Avignon, France in May 2011. During that workshop, a group of 45 experts on JME, together with one of the founding fathers of the syndrome of JME ("Janz syndrome"), Prof. Dr. Dieter Janz from Berlin, reached a consensus on ...
West Dava S - - 2013
The traditional model of hematopoiesis is based on unidirectional maturation of hematopoietic precursors into lineage-committed cells. However, recent studies indicate that mature B lymphocytes may demonstrate significant lineage plasticity. We and others have reported transdifferentiation of follicular lymphomas (FLs) into clonally related histiocytic/dendritic cell neoplasms. Here, we describe 2 patients ...
Kryvenko Oleksandr N - - 2013
Mucinous mammary carcinoma (MC) is a tumor type with relatively favorable prognosis. Unlike the circumstances surrounding conventional invasive duct carcinoma, data are limited regarding precursor lesions for MC. This study characterizes patterns of mucinous ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) as a precursor lesion for MC. All slides from 130 cases ...
Kobayashi Y - - 2013
Corticosteroid insensitivity is a major therapeutic problem for some inflammatory diseases including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and it is known to be induced by reduced histone deacetylase (HDAC)-2 activities via activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway. The aim of this study is to evaluate effects of a novel ...
Pinho Brígida R - - 2013
Mitochondria are a drug target in mitochondrial dysfunction diseases and in antiparasitic chemotherapy. While zebrafish is increasingly used as a biomedical model, its potential for mitochondrial research remains relatively unexplored. Here, we perform the first systematic analysis of how mitochondrial respiratory chain inhibitors affect zebrafish development and cardiovascular function, and ...
Kumaran Muthu Sendhil - - 2013
During the past few decades, advances in the field of molecular genetics have enriched us in understanding the pathogenesis of diseases, their identification, and appropriate therapeutic interventions. In the last 20 years, genetic basis of more than 350 monogenic skin diseases have been elucidated and is counting. The widespread use ...
Gupta Divya - - 2013
Mongolian spots (MS) are birthmarks that are present at birth and their most common location is sacrococcygeal or lumbar area. Lesions may be single or multiple and usually involve < 5% total body surface area. They are macular and round, oval or irregular in shape. The color varies from blue ...
Ong A C L - - 2013
The 'short' and 'long-term' benefits of pharmacological interventions to treat orthostatic hypotension (OH) remain unclear. The aim was to systematically examine the published literature on the effectiveness of different drug regimens for the treatment of OH. Systematic review. MEDLINE (1950-Week 7, 2011), EMBASE (1980-Week 7, 2011), CINAHL (1981-Week 7, 2011) ...
Dini F L - - 2013
To ascertain whether increasing doses of orally administered furosemide are associated with impaired survival in outpatients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. Transthoracic echo-Doppler examination was carried out at baseline in 813 consecutive CHF outpatients with LV ejection fraction ≤ 45%. The total daily dose of ...
Irace C - - 2013
The present investigation was designed to test the association between carotid atherosclerosis and two simple markers of insulin resistance, i.e. HOMA-Index and TyG-Index. The study was performed in two different cohorts. In the first cohort, 330 individuals were enrolled. Blood pressure, lipids, glucose, waist and cigarette smoking were evaluated. HOMA-IR ...
Drozdzowska B - - 2013
Prevalence of osteoporotic fractures and falls, and functional status may be related with each other. The aim of the study was to assess functional status and prevalence of falls and fractures in Polish postmenopausal women in a representative, randomly selected population sample from RAC-OST-POL Study. Population-based epidemiological study. Raciborz city ...
Nogueira Javier - - 2013
This review deals with the question: what is the relationship between the properties of a neuron and the role that the neuron plays within a given neural circuit? Answering this kind of question requires collecting evidence from multiple neuron phenotypes and comparing the role of each type in circuits that ...
Stamper Sarah A - - 2013
Natural sensory stimuli have a rich spatiotemporal structure and can often be characterized as a high frequency signal that is independently modulated at lower frequencies. This lower frequency modulation is known as the envelope. Envelopes are commonly found in a variety of sensory signals, such as contrast modulations of visual ...
Silva Ana C - - 2013
Agonistic behavior has shaped sociality across evolution. Though extremely diverse in types of displays and timing, agonistic encounters always follow the same conserved phases (evaluation, contest and post-resolution) and depend on homologous neural circuits modulated by the same neuroendocrine mediators across vertebrates. Among neuromodulators, serotonin (5-HT) is the main inhibitor ...
Márquez Brenda Toscano - - 2013
Sensory neurons continually adapt their processing properties in response to changes in the sensory environment or the brain's internal state. Neuromodulators are thought to mediate such adaptation through a variety of receptors and their action has been implicated in processes such as attention, learning and memory, aggression, reproductive behaviour and ...
Markham Michael R - - 2013
Weakly electric gymnotiform and mormyrid fish generate and detect weak electric fields to image their worlds and communicate. These multi-purpose electric signals are generated by electrocytes, the specialized electric organ (EO) cells that produce the electric organ discharge (EOD). Just over 50 years ago the first experimental analyses of electrocyte ...
Salazar Vielka L - - 2013
Gymnotiform weakly electric fish produce an electric signal to sense their environment and communicate with conspecifics. Although the generation of such relatively large electric signals over an entire lifetime is expected to be energetically costly, supporting evidence to date is equivocal. In this article, we first provide a theoretical analysis ...
Serafini Anna - - 2013
Juvenile myclonic epilepsy (JME) can be firmly diagnosed by a careful interview of the patient focusing on the seizures and by the EEG with the help, if necessary, of long-term video-EEG monitoring using sleep and/or sleep deprivation. Background activity is normal. The interictal EEG shows diffuse or generalized spike-wave (SW) ...
Ishida Michihiro - - 2013
Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) of the stomach has been recognized as a highly malignant tumor; however, because of its rarity, limited information is available regarding its clinicopathologic characteristics. Here, we investigated the morphologic and immunohistochemical features and prognosis of 51 cases of gastric NEC. Histologically, 40 lesions were large cell type, ...
Smith G Troy - - 2013
The ghost knifefishes (family Apteronotidae) are one of the most successful and diverse families of electric fish. Like other weakly electric fish, apteronotids produce electric organ discharges (EODs) that function in electrolocation and communication. This review highlights the diversity in the structure, function and sexual dimorphism of electrocommunication signals within ...
Crampton W G R - - 2013
A complete understanding of animal signal evolution necessitates analyses of both the proximate (e.g. anatomical and physiological) mechanisms of signal generation and reception, and the ultimate (i.e. evolutionary) mechanisms underlying adaptation and diversification. Here we summarize the results of a synthetic study of electric diversity in the species-rich neotropical electric ...
Kaya Yüksel - - 2013
Objectives: To evaluate short term results of percutaneous patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure in a cohort of pediatric and adult patients following closure with the Amplatzer Ductal Occluder (ADO-1 and ADO-2) and Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) devices. Study design: A total of 48 patients (17 male and 31 female; range ...
Olguntürk Rana - - 2013
The insertion of ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts for the treatment of hydrocephalus is associated with the development of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension occurs in patients with recurrent or chronic pulmonary embolism, and is a rare but, potentially devastating disease in children. Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) is an ...
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