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Schwartz Steven M - - 2013
: To review the medical and nursing care of children receiving mechanical circulatory support as part of the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society/Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Joint Statement on Mechanical Circulatory Support. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION/DATA SYNTHESIS:: This is a general review of current issues of medical and nursing care ...
Pucker J - - 2013
The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2-eq), of different Austrian biogas systems were analyzed and evaluated using life-cycle assessment (LCA) as part of a national project. Six commercial biogas plants were investigated and the analysis included the complete process chain: viz., the production and collection of ...
Neuman Mark D MD University of Pennsylvania. - - 2013
Adults aged sixty-five and over account for a large fraction of all surgeries performed in the United States each year. While historical growth in rates of surgery in this population is commonly attributed to financial incentives and technological innovations, the shifts in thought that underpinned the spread of surgery among ...
Majewska Ania K - - 2013
The recent advent of in vivo two-photon microscopy has allowed the repeat imaging of cortical structures at microscopic resolution within intact brains. Recent data obtained using this imaging technique shows that dendritic spines, the postsynaptic sites of the majority of excitatory synapses in the central nervous system (CNS), rapidly remodel ...
McGinn S M - - 2013
Micrometeorological techniques can be applied to estimate methane (CH4) emissions from ruminants and livestock manure using CH4 concentration measured within the internal surface boundary layer. The main advantage of these techniques is that they are non-intrusive, thereby eliminating the impact of the measurement set-up on the calculated CH4 emission. This ...
Schrager Justin - - 2013
The objective was to compare readmission rates and hospital bed-days between acute decompensated heart failure (AHF) patients admitted or discharged following accelerated treatment protocol (ATP)-driven care in an emergency department observation unit (OU). This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at two urban university-affiliated hospitals. A total of 358 selected ...
Ruiz Paula - - 2013
This article presents a new device designed to simulate in vitro flow rates, pressures, and other parameters representing normal and diseased conditions of the human cardiovascular system. Such devices are sometimes called bioreactors or "mock" simulator of cardiovascular loops (SCVLs) in literature. Most SCVLs simulate the systemic circulation only and ...
de Asmundis Carlo - - 2013
Implementation of remote home monitoring systems (HM) in clinical practice has become undoubtedly an added value for all patients with implantable cardiac devices. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of HM in a population of children with Brugada syndrome (BS) who received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator ...
Cooper David S - - 2013
Mechanical circulatory support is an invaluable tool in the care of children with severe refractory cardiac failure. As the field of mechanical circulatory support has evolved in children, the frequency of ventricular assist device use has been increasing steadily with excellent results. Ventricular assist devices are being used with increasing ...
Leahy S C - - 2013
Ruminant-derived methane (CH4), a potent greenhouse gas, is a consequence of microbial fermentation in the digestive tract of livestock. Development of mitigation strategies to reduce CH4 emissions from farmed animals is currently the subject of both scientific and environmental interest. Methanogens are the sole producers of ruminant CH4, and therefore ...
Kuter B B Ege University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, IZMIR, TURKEY. - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of heat application on the mechanical properties of glass ionomer cements. experimental design. The effect of heat on glass ionomer cements during their setting was evaluated by measuring compressive strength, flexural strength and microhardness. Moroever, temperature changes from one surface ...
Pellowe Elizabeth - - 2013
A male landscaper presented with an acute confusional state following intentional ingestion of Duboisia myoporoides. With supportive care, he made an uneventful recovery after 24 h. Clinical features, investigation and management of Duboisia poisoning are discussed.
Silverman Carol A - - 2013
We describe tympanic membrane displacement (TMD) testing for non-invasive estimation of intracranial pressure (ICP). With the TMD test, displacement of the tympanic membrane of the middle ear is recorded during elicitation of the acoustic middle-ear reflex (AR). Increased intracranial/perilymphatic pressure displaces the resting stapes footplate laterally so that TMD during ...
Hegarty R S - - 2013
A short term enteric methane emission measurement is not identical to a measure of daily methane production (DMP) made in a respiration chamber (RC). While RC curtail most variation except that from quantity and composition of feed supplied, all short-term measurements contain additional sources of variation. The points of difference ...
Chen William S - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of bicycle-related injuries presenting to United States emergency departments (EDs). The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) database was used to derive national, weighted estimates of nonfatal ED visits for bicycle-related injuries by patient age, sex, diagnosis, ...
Tsiompanou Eleni - - 2013
This paper describes three elderly patients who were admitted to hospital with aspiration pneumonia. They were kept nil by mouth (NBM) for a number of days, while being given intravenous hydration initially and enteral feeding subsequently. During that time they deteriorated and appeared to be dying, so the Liverpool Care ...
Delgado Rafael Espinosa - - 2013
The use of fractional lasers in mixed race patients has always been a challenge. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or worsening of existing melasma is a risk and its presence can be unpredictable. The authors present their experience in patients with Fitzpatrick skin types IV to VI using fractional lasers. Pre- and post-laser ...
Piancino M G - - 2013
AIM The purpose of this case report is the concurrent evaluation of the masticatory pattern and the electromyographic activity, recorded during mastication, before and after therapy of deep bite malocclusion. CASE REPORT An 11-year-old boy, affected by deep bite (overbite = 5 mm) was treated by the use of a ...
Aggarwal Shweta - - 2013
Rapid conduction of nerve impulses requires coating of axons by myelin. To function as an electrical insulator, myelin is generated as a tightly packed, lipid-rich multilayered membrane sheath. Knowledge about the mechanisms that govern myelin membrane biogenesis is required to understand myelin disassembly as it occurs in diseases such as ...
Wheeler D M - - 2013
The user inputs to OVERSEER® Nutrient Budgets (Overseer) allow farm-specific greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to be estimated. Since the development of the original model, life cycle assessment standards (e.g. PAS 2050) have been proposed and adopted for determining GHG or carbon footprints, which are usually reported as emissions per unit ...
Cobo Roxana - - 2013
A presentation of four different rhinoplasty cases performed by four different surgeons in Latin America is presented. For each case, presurgical photographs and discussion of the patient are presented. Intrasurgical photographs and description of surgical techniques employed as well as postsurgical pictures are included for each case. This will give ...
Chronaki Catherine E - - 2013
To provide a European perspective on reimbursement issues surrounding remote monitoring of cardiac implantable electronic devices in view of the anticipated costs and benefits. Review of recent literature addressing clinical, economic, sociocultural, and technological factors associated with remote monitoring. When healthcare transformation is urgently needed, remote monitoring offers opportunities to ...
Ayres Lachlan - - 2013
The majority of physicians work a weekly timetable consisting of programmed activities (PAs) defined by the consultant contract. This paper describes the implementation of an annualised contract within a gastroenterology department, which is located across two district general hospital sites within the same trust. The perceived benefits of the system ...
Berdahl John P - - 2013
Low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. Although little data currently exists, various systemic parameters may affect CSF pressure. CSF pressure increases with increased body mass index (BMI), which corroborates recent studies that have demonstrated elevated BMI may be protective of glaucoma. CSF ...
Guédon-Moreau Laurence - - 2013
Pacemaker (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients are ideally suited to remote management in the form of remote follow-up as well as of remote monitoring, which are both acts of telemedicine. Large randomized trials, such as TRUST, COMPAS, CONNECT, ECOST and EVOLVO, and the huge ALTITUDE registry provided a ...
Hoffmann Irene - - 2013
The livestock sector and agriculture as a whole face unprecedented challenges to increase production while improving the environment. On the basis of a literature review, the paper first discusses challenges related to climate change, food security and other drivers of change in livestock production. On the basis of a recent ...
Sandhu Kulwinder S - - 2013
Syncope is a major healthcare problem with significant morbidity, mortality and healthcare cost. It is a common symptom with a complex pathophysiology and, therefore, several aetiologies. Tilt-table testing (TTT) is an important, yet perhaps not widely-used, test that forms part of the management of syncope. We sought to assess the ...
Onisor I I Dental School, University of Geneva, Division of Cariology and Endodontics, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2013
To find the optimal techniques and parameters that enables Er:YAG laser to be used successfully for small intraoral soft tissue interventions, in respect to its cutting and coagulation abilities. In vitro pre-tests: 4 different Er:YAG laser units and one CO2 unit as the control were used for incision and coagulation ...
Mowatt-Larssen Eric - - 2013
Emergencies during phlebology procedures are rare. Nonetheless, a phlebologist needs to be prepared to manage such a situation (like syncope due to anaphylaxis) if it occurs, to distinguish a true emergency from a more benign scenario (like vasovagal syncope), and even to manage an emergency unrelated causally to the procedure ...
Belczak Cleusa Ema Quilici - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate a possible relationship between obesity and decreased mobility of the talocrural joint and in turn chronic venous disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred obese patients recruited at Hospital Santa Casa de Maringa, Parana were enrolled by order of arrival at the ...
Kwon Sunkuk S Center for Molecular Imaging, The Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
The lymphatic system provides an initial route for cancer cell dissemination in many cancers including melanoma. However, it is largely unknown how the lymphatic system changes during tumor progression due in part to the lack of imaging techniques currently available. In this study, we non-invasively imaged changes of lymphatic function ...
Grillini Laura - - 2013
Total hip arthroplasty has yielded excellent results in decreasing pain and enhancing function in patients with hip degenerative disease. However, the problems associated with prosthetic failure and the consequent need for revision surgery still represent a major clinical issue. The most common reasons for revision surgery include implant loosening, periprosthetic ...
Roberts Bayard B European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, UK. - - 2013
There is very little evidence globally on tobacco use and nicotine dependence among civilian populations affected by armed conflict, despite key vulnerability factors related to elevated mental disorders and socio-economic stressors. The study aim was to describe patterns of smoking and nicotine dependence among conflict-affected civilian men in the Republic ...
Barton Al - - 2013
A 74-year-old woman presented to the neurology clinic with worsening of her longstanding peripheral neuropathy of unknown cause. There was below knee loss of spinothalamic sensation, reduced joint position of toes, absent below hips vibration sensation and absent ankle jerks. Neurophysiology studies showed further progression of her axonal sensory neuropathy. ...
Marques Rejane C RC Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Campus Macaé, RJ, Brazil. - - 2013
Birth weight can be a predictor of maternal health issues related to nutrition and environmental contaminants. Total hair mercury (HHg) concentration was studied as an indicator of both fish consumption and methylmercury exposure in mothers (and newborns) living in selected low income areas of the Madeira River basin, Amazonia, Brazil. ...
Bestwick Jonathan P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the detection rates (DRs) and false-positive rates (FPRs) in the incidental identification of trisomy 18 (T18) and trisomy 13 (T13) as part of antenatal screening for Down's syndrome (DS) using the Combined, Quadruple and Integrated test markers. METHODS: Screening marker levels on 224 T18 and 67 T13 ...
Park Jae Young - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the primary patency and clinical outcomes after stenting for residual iliac venous stenosis during catheter-directed thrombolysis treatment of acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis arising from May-Thurner syndome. METHODS: A retrospective study was done for the all patients who underwent iliac vein stenting after catheter-directed ...
Wood Emily A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Perforation of the inferior vena cava by filters struts is a known complication. The goal of our review is to assess the impact of inferior vena cava perforation by filters based on an open, voluntary national database. METHODS: We reviewed 3311 adverse events of inferior vena cava filters reported ...
Gross Thomas P - - 2013
A single surgeon performed 2,559 metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasties in 
2,109 patients. The Corin Cormet 2000 (393 cases) and Biomet Recap implants (2,166 cases) were used in our series. In this study, the adverse wear failure (AWF) rate was 0.27%. At 10 years postoperatively, our Kaplan-Meier cumulative revision rate for ...
Ali Adam Mohsan - - 2013
Background: Ischiofemoral impingement is a recently identified cause of chronic hip pain, the pathophysiology and clinical features of which are poorly understood.
Aim: To determine the clinical significance of MRI findings of ischiofemoral impingement.
Materials and methods: Retrospective search for cases of ischiofemoral impingement in the Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, over a ...
Fathi Narges N Department of Physics, University of Zanjan, PO Box 45195-313, Zanjan, - - 2013
Myelin figures (MFs) are cylindrical multilamellar lipid tubes that can be found in various healthy and diseased living cells. Their formation and dynamics involve some of the most mysterious configurations that lipid molecules can adopt under certain conditions. They have been studied with different microscopy methods. Due to the frequent ...
Feng Xu X State Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and Instruments, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, - - 2013
A polarimetric imaging system capable of continuously selecting imaging depth in a turbid media is demonstrated. The proposed system is based on the orthogonal polarization spectral (OPS) technique, and is able to detect microstructure and microvessel. First, we compare the performance of four polarization imaging channels on a biological phantom, ...
Bedard Noah N Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77005, - - 2013
Optical imaging and spectroscopy have emerged as effective tools for detecting malignant changes associated with oral cancer. While clinical studies have demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for detection, current devices either interrogate a small region or can have reduced performance for some benign lesions. We describe a snapshot imaging spectrometer ...
Rao Sheng-Xiang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Volumetric and whole-tumor attenuation assessment of tumor are of value in assessment of treatment. PURPOSE: To assess the impact of slice thickness on semi-automatic analyses (volume, whole-tumor attenuation) for small colorectal hepatic metastases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) data of patients with colorectal hepatic metastases at 1.5-, 3-, ...
Sun Haitao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lung perfusion based on dynamic scanning cannot provide a quantitative assessment of the whole lung because of the limited coverage of the current computed tomography (CT) detector designs. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of dynamic volume perfusion CT (VPCT) of the whole lung using a 128-slice CT for the ...
Matsuki Mitsuru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While CT is widely used in medical practice, a substantial source of radiation exposure is associated with an increased lifetime risk of cancer. Therefore, concerns to dose reduction in CT examinations are increasing and an iterative reconstruction algorithm, which allow for dose reduction by compensating image noise in the ...
Di Costanzo Giovan Giuseppe - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that laser ablation with the multifiber technique is effective in the treatment of liver tumors. However, the correct positioning of multiple needles may be challenging. PURPOSE: To investigate the use of a novel needle guide system that was developed to perform percutaneous laser ablation of ...
Grassi Guido - - 2013
Since their introduction in the clinical setting home and ambulatory blood pressure measurements have gained growing popularity in the diagnosis and treatment of essential hypertension for a number of reasons. These reasons include: 1) the lack of the so-called "white-coat effect", 2) the ability of the two approaches to provide ...
Odermatt Rahel - - 2013
Endocrine therapy remains a mainstay in the treatment of endocrine-sensitive breast cancer. In the adjuvant setting, 5 years of endocrine therapy significantly reduces recurrence rate and mortality. Tamoxifen is the molecule of choice for premenopausal women, whereas for postmenopausal women aromatase inhibitors are currently part of the standard treatment. Endocrine ...
Witkowski Adam - - 2013
Sleep apnoea occurs in 5% to 10% of the general population. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is the most common disease associated with resistant hypertension. In a paper published by Pedrosa et al, OSA - defined as an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) >15 events/hour measured in polysomnography -was diagnosed in 64% of ...
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