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Results 551 - 600 of 2664
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Park Myung-Sik - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic results for elderly patients sustaining unstable intertrochanteric fractures treated with an uncemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty using a double-tapered, rectangular cross-section stem. Thirty-seven patients (21 females, 16 males; mean age 73.5 years, range 65-88 years) who underwent bipolar hemiarthroplasty with ...
Toloo Ghasem Sam - - 2013
The objective was to study the role and effect of patients' perceptions on reasons for using ambulance services in Queensland, Australia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted of patients (n = 911) presenting via ambulance or self-transport at eight public hospital emergency departments (EDs). The survey included perceived illness severity, attitudes toward ambulance, ...
Bonnici Timothy - - 2013
Despite efforts, the detection of patients who are deteriorating in hospital is often later than it should be. Several technologies could provide the basis of a solution. Recording of vital signs could be improved by both automated transmission of the measured parameters to an electronic patient record and the use ...
Cedin Antonio Carlos - - 2013
The alar-spanning suture is one of the easiest techniques for correcting the width of the alar complex that reduces the bulbous tip of African-Caucasian patients. This conservative technique does not weaken the lateral crura and yields long- term predictable results. Rhinoplastic surgeons should keep in mind this useful and reliable ...
Hamid Zafarmand A - - 2013
AIM Removable appliances are a dependable choice for many patients but like all orthodontic appliances, they have some limitations in use. Patient selection and appropriate appliance design are two key factors for success. Many patients, especially adults, prefer intra-oral appliances to extra-oral devices. Sometimes a removable intra-oral appliance can solve ...
Ketz Nicholas - - 2013
The learning mechanism in the hippocampus has almost universally been assumed to be Hebbian in nature, where individual neurons in an engram join together with synaptic weight increases to support facilitated recall of memories later. However, it is also widely known that Hebbian learning mechanisms impose significant capacity constraints, and ...
Lo Siu Hing SH PhD, Research Associate, Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street London, WC1E 6BT, - - 2013
Uptake of cancer screening tends to be lower for colorectal cancer (CRC) than cervical or breast cancer. Dislike of the test itself has often been identified as a barrier to CRC screening with the Faecal Occult Blood (FOB) test, but there have been no head-to-head comparisons of the three tests. ...
Jaquiss Robert D B - - 2013
: For children with severe heart failure in whom medical management has failed, mechanical circulatory support in the form of either extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or ventricular assist device represents life-sustaining therapy. This review provides an overview of these two modalities, including a discussion of indications, contraindications, timing, and device selection, ...
Cieslak A - - 2013
A wide range of plant bioactive components (phytochemicals) have been identified as having potential to modulate the processes of fermentation in the rumen. The use of plants or plant extracts as natural feed additives has become a subject of interest not only among nutritionists but also other scientists. Although a ...
Biese Kevin J - - 2013
An estimated 14% to 25% of all scientific studies in peer-reviewed emergency medicine (EM) journals are medical records reviews. The majority of the chart reviews in these studies are performed manually, a process that is both time-consuming and error-prone. Computer-based text search engines have the potential to enhance chart reviews ...
Owen Katharine R KR University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2013
Up to 5% of young adults diagnosed with diabetes have a monogenic aetiology, the most common of which is maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY). A definitive molecular diagnosis is important, as this affects treatment, prognosis and family screening. Currently, however, rates of diagnosis are low due to a combination ...
Riascos Alfonso - - 2013
The best technique for facial rejuvenation has been argued about for years. Some result in more or longer scars, others in fewer or shorter scars; some techniques are more invasive, and some less invasive, giving, in turn, improvements to different aspects of aging. Some techniques may be less aggressive in ...
Schut C - - 2013
Itch is as an unpleasant sensation that is considered as unique, although many similarities to pain exist. Itch is a cardinal symptom in skin diseases like atopic dermatitis or urticaria, but itch is also frequently observed in the general population. Often itch is associated with a decrease in quality of ...
Miles Paul V - - 2013
The medical profession is facing an imperative to deliver more patient-centered care, improve quality, and reduce unnecessary costs and waste. With significant unexplained variation in resource use and outcomes, even physicians and health care organizations with "the best" reputations cannot assume they always deliver the best care possible. Going forward, ...
Sivarajan V Ben - - 2013
: The purpose of this review was to provide a systematic review of the literature regarding the use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in various specialized conditions, as part of the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society/Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Joint Statement on Mechanical Circulatory Support. : MEDLINE and PubMed. : ...
Dijkstra J - - 2013
Ruminant production contributes to emissions of nitrogen (N) to the environment, principally ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O) and di-nitrogen (N2) to air, nitrate (NO3 -) to groundwater and particulate N to surface waters. Variation in dietary N intake will particularly affect excretion of urinary N, which is much more vulnerable ...
Nuckols Teryl K TK David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA. - - 2013
The quality of health care and the financial costs affected by receiving care represent two fundamental dimensions for judging health care performance. No existing conceptual framework appears to have described how quality influences costs. We developed the Quality-Cost Framework, drawing from the work of Donabedian, the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method, reports ...
Hermann R - - 2013
Background and objective: Although evidence-based medical guidelines are widely accepted it is not clear how they are implemented in daily clinical work. The aim of this study was a Thuringia-wide analysis of hypertension diagnosis and treatment in clinical practice of internists and general practitioners, combined with the evaluation of guideline ...
Nishijima Daniel K DK Department of Emergency Medicine, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA. - - 2013
The primary individual research career development awards for emergency medicine (EM) investigators are the K08 and K23 awards. To the best of the authors' knowledge, postaward productivity of EM K08 and K23 awardees has not been previously described. The objectives were to describe EM researchers who have received K08 or ...
Xu Dapeng D State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal cancer with a 5-year survival rate of only 6%. Although the cytosine analog gemcitabine is the drug commonly used to treat PDAC, chemoresistance unfortunately renders the drug ineffective. Thus, strategies that can decrease this resistance will be essential for improving the dismal outcome ...
Espinosa Jorge - - 2013
The neck has always been one of the most difficult areas to manage in rejuvenation surgery. Even patients with adequate results after a facelift may be dissatisfied because of the appearance of the neck. Moreover, not all neck problems are the same in all patients. Some cases only require fat ...
Grunenberg E - - 2013
Weight reduction is a core objective in the rehabilitation of somatic diseases. This systematic review aims to investigate the effectiveness of web-based psychological interventions for weight loss.Included were randomized controlled trials comparing web-based psychological interventions for weight loss with waiting list or usual care. Outcomes were body mass index (BMI), ...
Burri Haran - - 2013
Remote device management involves remote follow-up (which replace periodic in-clinic device interrogations for assessing device function), remote monitoring (with unscheduled transmissions of alerts such as atrial fibrillation), and patient-initiated interrogations (that are initiated manually due to a perceived or real clinical event). This article overviews the different aspects related to ...
Stiller Brigitte - - 2013
The field of pediatric mechanical circulatory support with ventricular assist devices has lagged significantly behind that of adult patients. However, there is increasing attention on the emerging field of pediatric ventricular assist device support. In this review, part of the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society/Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Joint Consensus ...
Gerber P J - - 2013
Although livestock production accounts for a sizeable share of global greenhouse gas emissions, numerous technical options have been identified to mitigate these emissions. In this review, a subset of these options, which have proven to be effective, are discussed. These include measures to reduce CH4 emissions from enteric fermentation by ...
Perez Jessica N JN Department of Physiology, Sarver Molecular Cardiovascular Research Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, - - 2013
The role of exercise in decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women has not been studied sufficiently. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of voluntary wheel-running and forced treadmill exercise on cardiac adaptation in mice treated with 4-vinylcyclohexine diepoxide (VCD), which selectively accelerates the loss of primary and primordial ...
Maki Hideshi - - 2013
The stepwise protonation constants of two linear triphosphate ligand anions, triphosphate, [Formula: see text] and di-imidotriphosphate, [Formula: see text], were investigated by potentiometric titration, and the intrinsic chemical shifts of the stepwise protonated species of these anions were determined from the pH-dependence of the (31)P NMR chemical shifts. All stepwise ...
Chandrasekhar Sujana S - - 2013
Objective Thyroidectomy may be performed for clinical indications that include malignancy, benign nodules or cysts, suspicious findings on fine needle aspiration biopsy, dysphagia from cervical esophageal compression, or dyspnea from airway compression. About 1 in 10 patients experience temporary laryngeal nerve injury after surgery, with longer lasting voice problems in ...
Pierce Aisling A Education and Research Centre, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2013
PARP inhibitors, both as monotherapy and in combination with cytotoxic drugs, are currently undergoing clinical trials in several different cancer types. In this investigation, we compared the antiproliferative activity of two PARP/putative PARP inhibitors, i.e., olaparib and iniparib, in a panel of 14 breast cancer cell lines (seven tripe-negative and ...
Grover R - - 2013
AIM The purpose of this in vivo study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of different obturating methods used in primary teeth, when obturated using a combination of zinc oxide and iodoform paste (Endoflas F.S.). MATERIALS AND METHODS A group of 29 patients aged 3-9 years and a total ...
Gowrisankar M - - 2013
Densities, ρ, viscosities, η, and ultrasonic sound velocities u of pure methyl isobutylketone, diethylketone, cyclopentanone, cyclohexanone, 2-methyl cyclohexanone and those of their binary mixtures with N-methyl aniline were measured at 303.15 K over the entire composition range. These experimental data have been used to calculate the excess volume (V (E)), deviation ...
Murphy P - - 2013
The Carbon Navigator has been developed to support the objective of reducing the carbon intensity of the dairy and beef sectors of Irish agriculture. The system is designed as a knowledge transfer (KT) tool aimed at supporting the realisation at farm level of the mitigation potential. The objective of this ...
Naiditch Jessica A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the fraction of children with acute appendicitis who had recent false-negative diagnoses and to analyze the association of a missed diagnosis of appendicitis with patient outcome. The records of all 816 patients who underwent appendectomy for suspected appendicitis at a free-standing children's ...
Miranda Nancy - - 2013
Most Latin American patients looking to have a primary septorhinoplasty share common characteristics in relation to an incorrect projection of the nasal tip complex and a low dorsal line. Thus, the frequent use of structural techniques and of surgical enhancement techniques becomes necessary to improve the nasal contour. In cases ...
Mukhtar Toqir K TK Unit of Health-Care Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, - - 2013
To investigate whether mortality statistics show an effect of mammographic screening on population-based breast cancer mortality in England. Joinpoint regression analyses, and other analyses, of population-based mortality data. Analysis of mortality rates in the Oxford region, UK (1979-2009) because, unlike the rest of England, all causes of death mentioned on ...
Payne Joshua L - - 2013
Gene regulatory circuits drive the development, physiology, and behavior of organisms from bacteria to humans. The phenotypes or functions of such circuits are embodied in the gene expression patterns they form. Regulatory circuits are typically multifunctional, forming distinct gene expression patterns in different embryonic stages, tissues, or physiological states. Any ...
Harris Alon A Department of Ophthalmology, Glick Eye Institute, Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2013
Glaucomatous damage has been described as a slowly progressive neuronal degenerative process along the visual pathway. Decreased cerebral and ocular blood flow as well as impaired vascular autoregulation has been identified in glaucoma and have been shown to correlate with visual field loss. In low-tension glaucoma patients, diffuse cerebral ischemic ...
Peters S - - 2013
Internet-based interventions open a chance to improve the sustainability of rehabilitation in general and of exercise therapy in particular. The internet can be the sole intervention component on the one hand as well as a supportive tool for a traditional "Face-to-Face" intervention on the other hand. In this article, 2 ...
Varma Niraj - - 2013
The implantation of cardiac electronic devices (CIEDs) has increased exponentially over the last decade in response to widening indications. Assessment of post-implant system performance is an important responsibility but challenging in view of increasing volume, device complexity, and advisory notices. Automatic remote home monitoring (HM) may satisfy these difficult monitoring ...
Wedlock D N - - 2013
Vaccination against rumen methanogens offers a practical approach to reduce methane emissions in livestock, particularly ruminants grazing on pasture. Although successful vaccination strategies have been reported for reducing the activity of the rumen-dwelling organism Streptococcus bovis in sheep and S. bovis and Lactobacillus spp. in cattle, earlier approaches using vaccines ...
Yilmaz Y - - 2013
AIM To compare changes in pulpal chamber temperature during the visible-light curing of direct pulp capping compounds and various modes of diode laser irradiation without prior placement of a pulp capping compound and the resultant seals. MATERIALS AND METHODS Pulp exposure holes were made in 100 extracted human primary first ...
Matkowska Dobrochna - - 2013
Densities of pure 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium methylsulfate, [C4mim][MeSO4], and its mixtures with methanol have been measured. Measurements were made with an accuracy of ±0.2 kg·m(-3), using a vibrating-tube densimeter, over the temperature and pressure ranges (283.15-333.15) K and (0.1-35) MPa, respectively. The experimental densities for the pure ionic liquid and alcohol have been correlated by ...
Kessler Chad - - 2013
The objective of this study is to present an algorithm for improving the safety and effectiveness of transitions of care (ToC) in the emergency department (ED). This project was undertaken by the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD) Transitions of Care Task Force and guided by the six-step Kern ...
Iida Mari M Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Wisconsin Institute for Medical Research, Madison, WI, - - 2013
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a central regulator of tumor progression in human cancers. Cetuximab is an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody that has been approved for use in oncology. Despite clinical success the majority of patients do not respond to cetuximab and those who initially respond frequently acquire resistance. ...
Patrocinio Lucas G - - 2013
The subperiosteal midface-lift has benefited from significant technological advances in medicine. The endoscope now allows extensive subperiosteal undermining of facial soft tissue through minimal access incisions. Improved understanding of facial anatomy and the facial aging process now allow repositioning and remodeling of the soft tissue envelope with excellent aesthetic results. ...
Long Nanye - - 2013
Although many methods are available to test sequence variants for association with complex diseases and traits, methods that specifically seek to identify causal variants are less developed. Here we develop and evaluate a Bayesian hierarchical regression method that incorporates prior information on the likelihood of variant causality through weighting of ...
Ebert D D - - 2013
High relapse rates following treatment for mental health disorders are a challenge for psychosomatic rehabilitation treatments. The goal of the present study is to evaluate the feasibility, acceptance and process-quality of a 12-week transdiagnostic Internet-based maintenance treatment (W-RENA) following psychosomatic rehabilitation treatment. Findings regarding effectiveness and moderators of treatment outcome ...
Clancy Carolyn M - - 2013
Moving significant therapeutic discoveries beyond early biomedical translation or T1 science and into practice involves: (1) T2 science, identifying "the right treatment for the right patient in the right way at the right time" (eg, patient-centered outcomes research) and tools to implement this knowledge (eg, guidelines, registries); and (2) T3 ...
Dodge-Khatami Ali - - 2013
Partial mechanical support devices are capable of partially unloading only one ventricle, often the systemic one, in the setting of acute circulatory failure. They are rarely used in the pediatric population, as the mode of circulatory failure in patients with congenital heart disease often involves biventricular or a predominantly right ...
Basarab J A - - 2013
Genetic selection for residual feed intake (RFI) is an indirect approach for reducing enteric methane (CH4) emissions in beef and dairy cattle. RFI is moderately heritable (0.26 to 0.43), moderately repeatable across diets (0.33 to 0.67) and independent of body size and production, and when adjusted for off-test ultrasound backfat ...
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