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Farías Adrián Alejandro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to update the epidemiological data on the prevalence of coinfection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV, and to identify whether specific clinical and epidemiological factors influenced the response of HIV-positive adults to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS: This retrospective observational cohort ...
Krane Line - - 2013
Aims: Sickness absence is of considerable concern in both Norway and Denmark. Labour Force Surveys indicate that absence in Norway is about twice that in Denmark and twice that of the mean reported by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. This study compares absence patterns according to age, percentage ...
Mutoro Antonina N AN PEACH Unit, School of Medicine, MVLS College, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G3 8SJ, - - 2013
This study surveyed how healthcare workers (HCW) in Kenya diagnose childhood undernutrition and growth chart plotting accuracy. HCW (39) actively involved in growth monitoring completed questionnaires that included plotting of weights at ages 2, 6 and 9 months using the Kenyan road to health chart (RTH). The most commonly used ...
Zoja Carlamaria - - 2013
The Nrf2/Keap1 system regulates the transcription of antioxidant and cytoprotective genes through direct Nrf2 binding to responsive elements in the promoter region of target genes or via Keap1-induced NF-kB inhibition. The association between oxidative stress and inflammation with progression of chronic kidney diseases (CKDs) directed attention towards bardoxolone methyl and ...
Masuda Tsukuru - - 2013
An autonomous functional surface has been designed by using self-oscillating polymers that convert the chemical energy of the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction into conformational changes of the polymer chains (see picture: red: hydrophobic/collapsed, green: hydrophilic/extended). Self-oscillating polymer brushes were grafted onto the inner surface of a glass capillary, and autonomous propagation of ...
Wang Yi Y Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Institute/Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, - - 2013
Invasive plants can be released from specialist herbivores and encounter novel generalists in their introduced ranges, leading to variation in defence among native and invasive populations. However, few studies have examined how constitutive and induced indirect defences change during plant invasion, especially during the juvenile stage. Constitutive extrafloral nectar (EFN) ...
Usvyat Len A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In chronic hemodialysis (HD), patients' hospitalizations result in significant costs and affect the quality of life. We aimed at understanding hospitalization rates before death and to identify patterns in clinical and laboratory parameters that precede the first hospitalization. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: We conducted two separate ...
Elgán Tobias H - - 2013
Aims: The primary aim is to estimate the prevalence of Swedish adolescents who perceive their parent(s) to have alcohol problems. Additional research questions pertain to the prevalence of adolescents who think someone close to them drinks too much alcohol and if this has hurt them or caused them problems. Methods: ...
Lin Yu-Cheng - - 2013
To examine the potential risk factors for work-related fatigue (WRF) among workers in modern industries, the authors analyzed the records of need-for-recovery questionnaires and health checkup results for 1545 employees. Compared with regular daytime workers, and after adjusting for confounders, the workers adapting to day-and-night rotating shift work (RSW) had ...
Kottkamp Hans - - 2013
The atrial structure/substrate of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and clinically similar characteristics can present very differently, and also the 'phenotype' (i.e. paroxysmal, persistent, and long standing persistent) of the arrhythmia cannot comprehensively explain these differences. It was unclear why some patients stay in paroxysmal AF for decades, whereas other ...
Zemlyak Alla - - 2013
Primary and acquired abdominal pathology accounts for a significant proportion of sepsis and SIRS in the ICU population. Abdominal processes often present a difficult diagnostic dilemma in the truly critically ill patient who, due to hemodynamic instability or severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requiring high-level ventilatory support, is at ...
Shan Yu - - 2013
A novel antiviral protein, designated as Stellarmedin A, was purified from Stellaria media (L.) Vill. (Caryophyllaceae) by using ammonium sulfate precipitation, cation-exchange chromatography system. Gel electrophoresis analysis showed that Stellarmedin A is a highly basic glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 35.1 kDa and an isoelectric point of ∼8.7. The ...
Womack Justine - - 2013
The Office for Sexual Health was established in the southwest of England in January 2010 as a Department of Health pilot to bring together all elements of sexual health policy to address the fragmentation of effort created by having separate national programmes for different elements of sexual health. The Office ...
Rodrigues Miguel A - - 2013
Freezing is an important operation in biotherapeutics industry. However, water crystallization in solution, containing electrolytes, sugars and proteins, is difficult to control and usually leads to substantial spatial solute heterogeneity. Herein, we address the influence of the geometry of freezing direction (axial or radial) on the heterogeneity of the frozen ...
Dong Yongqiang - - 2013
Helpful elements: A facile bottom-up method using citric acid and L-cysteine as a precursor has been developed to prepare graphene quantum dots (GQDs) co-doped with nitrogen and sulfur. A new type and high density of surface state of GQDs arises, leading to high yields (more than 70 %) and excitation-independent emission. ...
Thomas Lisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: there has been a rise in the use of social media applications that allow people to see where friends, family and nearby services are located. Yet while uptake has been high for younger people, adoption by older adults is relatively slow, despite the potential health and social benefits. In ...
Zager Richard A RA The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
Following the induction of ischemic or toxin-mediated acute kidney injury (AKI), cellular adaptations occur that 're-program' how the kidney responds to future superimposed insults. This re-programming is not simply a short-lived phenomenon; rather it can persist for many weeks, implying that a state of 'biologic memory' has emerged. These changes ...
Waldrop Lindsay D - - 2013
Malacostracan crustaceans such as crabs flick antennae with arrays of olfactory sensilla called aesthetascs through the water to sense odors. Flicking by crabs consists of a quick downstroke, in which aesthetascs are deflected laterally (splayed), and a slower, reversed return stroke, in which aesthetascs clump together. This motion causes water ...
Banala Srinivas - - 2013
A cyclodehydration reaction has been used to synthesize the linear azole-containing peptide plantazolicin A. The target compound was synthesized from two heterocyclic fragments derived from dipeptide building blocks. The acid-labile oxazolines and thiazoles necessitate the use of a Teoc/TMSE-based protection-group strategy which allows structure modification of plantazolicin.
Henning Oliver - - 2013
BACKGROUND. Epilepsy-related psychoses lie in the border zone between neurology and psychiatry. The aim of this article is to give a brief overview of current knowledge of these psychoses, and to offer recommendations for their treatment.METHOD. The article is based on a discretionary selection of articles found through a search ...
Lovisetto Alessandro A Department of Biology, University of Padua, 35131 Padua, - - 2013
The evolution of seeds together with the mechanisms related to their dispersal into the environment represented a turning point in the evolution of plants. Seeds are produced by gymnosperms and angiosperms but only the latter have an ovary to be transformed into a fruit. Yet some gymnosperms produce fleshy structures ...
Xie Xin - - 2013
This paper presents a simple spatial phase shift shearography based on the Michelson interferometer. The Michelson interferometer based shearographic system has been widely utilized in industry as a practical nondestructive test tool. In the system, the Michelson interferometer is used as a shearing device to generate a shearing distance by ...
Noble Jeremy W - - 2013
This study examined the effect of visual feedback and force level on the neural mechanisms responsible for the performance of a motor task. We used a voxel-wise fMRI approach to determine the effect of visual feedback (with and without) during a grip force task at 35% and 70% of maximum ...
Wilson Rebecca Anne - - 2013
Stereotactically placed guidewires are used for indicating the location of a nonpalpable carcinoma in breast-conserving surgery. Pathologists use the end of the embedded guidewire to guide sectioning during intraoperative margin assessment, but they do not currently have a tool to indicate the location of the guidewire end for informed sectioning. ...
Chen Hongwei - - 2013
We report an ultrafast web inspector that operates at a 1000 times higher scan rate than conventional methods. This system is based on a hybrid dispersion laser scanner that performs line scans at nearly 100 MHz. Specifically, we demonstrate web inspection with detectable resolution of 48.6  μm/pixel (scan direction) ×  23  μm (web flow ...
Saito Takanori - - 2013
We isolated three dormancy-associated MADS-box (DAM) genes (MADS13-1, MADS13-2 and MADS13-3) and showed regulated expression concomitant with endodormancy establishment and release in the leaf buds of Japanese pear 'Kosui'. Comparative analysis between 'Kosui' and Taiwanese pear TP-85-119 ('Hengshanli'), a less dormant pear cultivar, showed reduction of MADS13-1 expression level in ...
Krüger Melanie - - 2013
Empirical evidence suggests that the ability to stabilize important task variables of every day movements by synergistically coordinating redundant degrees of freedom decreases with aging. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this decrease may be regarded as a characteristic that also applies for the control of ...
Vettenburg Tom - - 2013
Reflective imaging systems are typically limited to small field angles in order to avoid overly large obscurations or off-axis aberrations. Reflective optics are often preferred in astronomy due to the associated lower weight and cost, as well as the absence of chromatic aberrations. Although these advantages are compelling, off-axis aberrations ...
Yao Haomin - - 2013
Lasers for use in space-borne applications require ultrahigh efficiency due to limited heat dissipation and power generation capacity. In particular, interplanetary optical communication systems require high-efficiency, moderate-power (>4  W) optical transmitters in the 1600 nm wavelength range. Resonantly pumped dual-clad erbium-doped fiber lasers are best suited for this purpose. Parametric numerical optimizations ...
Li Qingli - - 2013
The neuroanatomical morphology of nerve fibers is an important description for understanding the pathological aspects of nerves. Different from the traditional automatic nerve morphometry methods, a molecular hyperspectral imaging system based on an acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) was developed and used to identify unstained nerve histological sections. The hardware, software, ...
Yuan Yanping - - 2013
A quantum model with the consideration of laser wave-particle duality based on the plasma model is employed for the femtosecond laser pulse train processing of fused silica. Effects of the key pulse train parameters, such as the pulse separation time and the number of pulses per train on the distributions ...
Nakata Keisuke - - 2013
The local model fitting (LMF) method is a single-shot interferometric surface profiling algorithm that possesses nondestructive, fast, accurate, and robust measurement capabilities. To extend the measurement range of LMF, extensions based on multiwavelength light sources such as the multiwavelength-matched LMF (MM-LMF) method and the multiwavelength-integrated LMF (MI-LMF) method were proposed ...
Klein Cliff S - - 2013
Few examined the contribution of neural and muscular deficits to weakness in the same stroke subject. We determined maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and 50 Hz torques, activation (twitch interpolation), electromyographic (EMG) amplitude and antagonist coactivation, and muscle volume using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the dorsiflexors bilaterally in 7 chronic ...
Bremer K - - 2013
In this paper a compact, yet sensitive gas detection system based on a modulated, tunable thulium-doped fiber laser in the 2 μm wavelength region is reported. The laser operating wavelength range centered at a wavelength of 1.995 μm has been selected to access the R(50) transition (ν<sub>1</sub>+2ν<sub>2</sub>+ν<sub>3</sub>) of CO<sub>2</sub> based on its ...
Bharathselvi Muthuvel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Eales' disease (ED) is an idiopathic retinal vascular disorder. It presents with inflammation and neovascularization in the retina. Adult men, aged between 15 and 40 years are more susceptible than women. Homocysteine has been implicated in other ocular diseases including age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) ...
Aharon Akram Avihai - - 2013
A miniature neon indicator lamp, also known as a glow discharge detector (GDD), costing about 50 cents, was found to be an excellent room temperature terahertz radiation detector. Proof-of-concept 300 GHz heterodyne detection using GDD is demonstrated in this paper. Furthermore, a comparison to direct detection was carried out as well. ...
Lumeau Julien - - 2013
Experimental and modeled dependencies of the induced refractive index on dosage of UV exposure in photo-thermo-refractive glass for different thermal treatment regimes are presented. Resulting spatial profiles of refractive index modulation in a reflecting Bragg grating recorded by a holographic technique are computed, and corresponding diffraction efficiencies are modeled. It ...
Owen L J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Testosterone measurement by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is well accepted as the preferred technique for the analysis of testosterone. Variation is seen between assays and this may be due to differences in calibration as commercial calibrators for this assay are not readily available. We investigated the effects ...
Xia Jun Hong - - 2013
Identification of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and regulated pathways in response to stressors using a whole-genome approach is critical to understanding the mechanisms underlying stress responses. We challenged Asian seabass with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Vibrio harveyi, high salinity and fasting, and sequenced six cDNA libraries of intestine samples using Roche 454 ...
Griffin Kathryn Jane - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: In light of evidence of national variability in service commissioning of varicose vein intervention, our aim was to evaluate the current state of primary care trust commissioning for all forms of varicose vein intervention in England. We also sought to clarify the extent to which access to endovenous and ...
Donovan D P - - 2013
In a previous publication [Appl. Opt.52, 2394 (2013)], incorrect expressions appeared in the Appendix A. These errors are corrected here.
Liu Peng - - 2013
In many applications, the emitting light from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with different colors needs to be mixed together on a large-scale plane, and this illumination mode is usually generated with a diffuser. Abandoning the traditional methods, we proposed an LED color-mixing method that can produce both high color uniformity and ...
Rosendahl Sara - - 2013
Reflection measurements were performed on dry and moistened sand grains and glass spheres, respectively. A simple model for determining the water content is proposed from looking at the reflection distribution in the plane of incidence. The model is a combination of two sheared cosine-functions and consists of only two parameters. ...
Chang Chung-Ping - - 2013
Laser interferometers have been widely implemented for the displacement sensing and positioning calibration of the precision mechanical industry, due to their excellent measuring features and direct traceability to the dimensional definition. Currently some kinds of modified Fabry-Perot interferometers with a planar mirror or a corner cube prism as the measurement ...
Seo Byoung-Joon - - 2013
We have investigated two approximation methods for estimating the normalized point source sensitivity (PSSN), which is a recently developed optical performance metric for telescopes. One is an approximation based on the power spectral density (PSD) of the wavefront error. The other is the root-square-sum of the wavefront slope. We call ...
Lee Chang-Kun - - 2013
A design method for the wedge projection display system based on the ray retracing method is proposed. To analyze the principle of image formation on the inclined surface of the wedge-shaped waveguide, the bundle of rays is retraced from an imaging point on the inclined surface to the aperture of ...
Yan Renpeng - - 2013
An efficient laser-diode-pumped Nd:LuVO<sub>4</sub> 916 nm laser by using the polarized pumping is reported. The maximum continuous-wave output power of 4.75 W is achieved at the incident pump power of 27.8 W, with an optical-to-optical efficiency of ∼17.1% and a slope efficiency of ∼29.5%. The slope efficiency is up to 45.4% with respect ...
Han Yi Y Academy of Equipment, Beijing, China. - - 2013
This paper utilizes the optical cross section (OCS) to characterize the optical scattering characteristics of a space target under the conditions of Sun lighting. We derive the mathematical expression of OCS according to the radiometric theory, and put forward a fast visualization calculation method of complex space targets' OCS based ...
Davidoiu Valentina - - 2013
The phase retrieval process is a nonlinear ill-posed problem. The Fresnel diffraction patterns obtained with hard x-ray synchrotron beam can be used to retrieve the phase contrast. In this work, we present a convergence comparison of several nonlinear approaches for the phase retrieval problem involving regularizations with sparsity constraints. The ...
Krupych Oleg - - 2013
A technique developed recently for determining piezo-optic coefficients (POCs) of isotropic optical media, which represents a combination of digital imaging laser interferometry and a classical four-point bending method, is generalized and applied to a single-crystalline anisotropic material. The peculiarities of measuring procedures and data processing for the case of optically ...
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