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Boom Merel M Department of Anesthesiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2013
Integrating opioid risk and benefit into a single function may give a useful single measure of the opioid's positive and negative effects. An explorative study on the effects of fentanyl on antinociception and respiratory depression was performed to construct fentanyl risk-benefit (utility) functions. Twelve volunteers received a 3.5-μg/kg fentanyl intravenous ...
Kopp Steven S University of Queensland, Gatton, QLD, Australia. - - 2013
In 2001, an international surveillance initiative was established, utilising a validated larval development inhibition assay to track the susceptibility of cat flea isolates to imidacloprid. In 2009, an Australian node was incorporated into the programme, joining laboratories in the United States and Europe. Field isolates of Ctenocephalides felis eggs were ...
Lee Jin-Wook JW School of Chemical Engineering and Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, - - 2013
A wet-chemical method for increasing the number of quantum dots (QDs) per unit surface area of TiO2 was developed. High density QD surface coating was induced by a surface charge controlled SILAR method, which led to a sixfold increase in photocurrent density from 2.15 mA cm(-2) to 15.03 mA cm(-2) ...
Cusi Manuel - - 2013
Comprehensive clinical and SPECT/CT findings in 253 patients with an established diagnosis of SIJI are presented. All patients with a clinically diagnosis of SIJI following the European guidelines for Pelvic Girdle Pain were studied by SPECT/CT. Patients were followed up by interview at 6 months after therapy (directed physiotherapy or ...
A Marinho Daniel - - 2013
The swimmer's body position after immersion determines the success of the start rather than his/her starting body position in the block or during the fly.(1) There are swimmers gliding in a lateral position whereas others prefer a prone one. Moreover, during this phase, swimmers may alter their body posture and, ...
Garrido Nuno - - 2013
Delayed onset muscle soreness has been consistently studied, and special attention has been given to possible techniques capable to prevent it or to accelerate muscle recovery. This study aimed to assess the acute effects of classic muscle massage before a session of strength training on biochemical markers of delayed onset ...
Wearing Scott - - 2013
The plantar heel pad is a specialised fibroadipose tissue that attenuates and dissipates, in part, the impact energy associated with heel strike. Although near maximal deformation of the heel pad has been shown to occur during running,(1) in vivo measurement of the mechanical properties of the heel pad during walking ...
Kaux J F - - 2013
BACKGROUND : PRP, obtained from centrifuged autologous blood, contains a large quantity of growth factors, which may enhance tissue healing processes. Local infiltration of PRP represents a relatively new treatment for tendinopathies. To date, no side effects have been reported after infiltration of PRP to treat tendinopathy.(1) CASE REPORT : ...
Gulic Tamara - - 2013
Differences in the expression of gp96 and its receptors were analysed in normal and pathological human pregnancy. Immunohistology and immunofluorescence of sections from decidual part of term placenta, first trimester normal decidua, missed abortion and blighted ovum decidua were performed together with reverse transcriptase-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometry. ...
Akhtar Muhammad Adeel - - 2013
Hypermobility is associated with increased risk of sporting injuries. This study was performed to assess the risk of recurrent shoulder dislocations in patients with hypermobility. Prospective data was collected for 38 patients with primary shoulder dislocations between October 2008 and July 2009 including demographic details, contact sport played, hypermobility, family ...
Oheim Ralf - - 2013
The regeneration capacity of articular cartilage is very limited. Therefore, cartilage defects heal poorly and are known as prearthrotic lesions. Autologous Matrix-Induced Chondrogenesis (AMIC) is an innovative treatment concept for localized full-thickness cartilage defects. This technique combines the well-established microfracturing with a collagen I/III scaffold fixated by fibrin glue. Presented ...
Malliaropoulos Nikolaos - - 2013
Prospective Study. With the aim to deal with the probability of metatarsal bone stress injuries and stress fractures we detect and categorize functional alterations during forefoot loadings in plantar pressure area in athletes and explore the frequency of functional alterations. 58 elite track & field athletes (experimental group) and age/sex ...
Kumar Bhavesh - - 2013
Sartorius injuries are seldom mentioned in medical literature. Thus developing an evidence-based management plan for sartorius muscle and tendon injuries can be challenging. In this case a grade 3 tear of the proximal sartorius tendon was identified in a player following a high-velocity contact injury to the pelvis during a ...
Gudas Rimtautas - - 2013
to compare the concomitant treatment of the articular cartilage damage (ACD) in the knee with three different articular cartilage procedures at the time of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. between the 2006 and 2009, 102 patients with a mean age of 34.1 years and with an ACL rupture and the ...
Oliveira Liliana - - 2013
Drowning is the third leading cause of death worldwide (WHO, 2010). According to Brenner et al (2009) participating in swimming lessons (SL) can reduce by 88% the risk of drowning in children 1-4 years old, despite some controversy regarding the most appropriate swimming programs (Ward, 2009). On the other hand ...
Bates Sophie - - 2013
Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of mortality globally according to the WHO. Several recent studies have highlighted that physical activity (PA) is inadequately covered during UK medical school training. This study aims to investigate the frequency of PA questions and advice during routine consultations by medical students and ...
Tsikouris Georgios - - 2013
Arthroscopy is nowadays a well-establish method to treat a wide range of injuries and overuse syndromes of the shoulder. The role of arthroscopy is extremely important for the treatment of soft-tissue injuries and specific-type fractures of the shoulder. to estimate the applicability of shoulder arthroscopy as an effective method for ...
Delvaux François - - 2013
Return-to-play (RTP) criteria after a sport injury represent a key point in order to decrease the risk of subsequent re-injury. To analyze how clinicians decide, in their daily practice, when a hamstring injured professional soccer player is fully able to get back to competitive activities. Thirty-seven doctors for French and ...
Ricard Pruna - - 2013
The prevention, diagnosis, and management of noncontact musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries (NCMSTI) related to participation in sport are key components of sport and exercise medicine physician. Epidemiological data have demonstrated the existence of interindividual differences in NCMSTI severity indicating that those injuries occur as a consequence of a combination of ...
Guimaraes Ribeiro Daniel - - 2013
Investigation of postural control in sports which require excellent postural performance, like surfing, gives insight into development of specific control strategies. The aim of the current study was to compare postural performance and strategy between young surfers of different levels of competition (international and national). Twenty surfers were separated in ...
Abdallah Amira - - 2013
Increased impact loading is implicated in knee osteoarthritis development and progression. This study examined the initial impact force and first ground reaction force (GRF) peaks, their loading rates, their relative timing to the stance phase timing and the walking speed during unilateral and bilateral use of different inclinations of laterally ...
Broman Daniel - - 2013
A multi-sport event poses a different variety of problems for a medical team, when compared to tournaments of specific sports, due to the diverse range of injuries that occur. There is a lot of data about injury rates in specific sports, but data on epidemiology of medical problems at multi-sports ...
Oelze Janine - - 2013
Especially in childhood, motor and cognitive functions are thought to address similar brain areas and thus seem to be interrelated.(3) Further a close link between brain function and the skeletal muscle system as well as the cardiovascular system is accepted.(2) A correlation between the concentration and the coordinative performance is ...
Valverde-Esteve Teresa - - 2013
An important number of sport modalities sustain its performance in the capacity to repeat efficiently a sport movement without fatigue. However, it is a fact that this mechanism will appear and affect the athletes' velocity magnitudes. The aim of this study was to compare the Peak Velocity (PV) in two ...
Domingues Marcio - - 2013
Football, like any contact sport it is susceptible to various kinds of injuries. Long-term planning is a characteristic and requirement of modern training as it can greatly increase training efficiency for future competitions (Bompa, 1999). Epidemiological findings suggest that little is known about the injury risk among the youngest players ...
David Sina - - 2013
Purpose of this systematic review was (i) to provide means of judgement to assess the benefits and tradeoffs related with different surgical treatments for midportion Achilles tendinopathy and (ii) to highlight possible alternative treatments for Achilles tendinopathy in cases when conservative treatments fail to reach patient satisfaction. To identify studies ...
Diez-Vega Ignacio - - 2013
Tensiomyography (TMG) is an innovative tool to control athletic training, and prevent and follow up muscular injuries. The reliability and validity for different population (sport modality, physical activity level, medical history, body composition, etc.) have been reported (Rodriguez-Matoso et al., 2012; Tous-Fajardo et al., 2010). Body composition of individuals may ...
Kaux J F - - 2013
Upper patellar tendinopathies remain often chronic and rebel to a thorough conservative treatment. Moreover, the option of a surgical treatment could be disappointing. New treatments are being developed. Injection of PRP is one of these. Platelets contain lot of growth factors which would have the potentiality to enhance the healing ...
Eichmann Björn - - 2013
It is generally accepted that strength and muscle mass can be increased by strength training programs. Results are known to depend on training volume and training intensity.(1 2) Strength increases when performing sets to the Repetition Maximum (PM) or even to the point of momentary muscular failure (PmF) and muscle ...
Arling Greg G Indiana University Center for Aging Research, Regenstrief Institute, Health Information and Translational Sciences Building, Indianapolis, IN 46202-3012, USA. - - 2013
Older people with dementia have increased risk of nursing home (NH) use and higher Medicaid payments. Dementia's impact on acute care use and Medicare payments is less well understood. Identify trajectories of incident dementia and NH use, and compare Medicare and Medicaid payments for persons having different trajectories. Retrospective cohort ...
Saavedra Francisco - - 2013
Chronic heart failure is a complex syndrome manifested by hemodynamic disturbances, exercise intolerance, increased mortality and reduced quality of life (Heidenreich et al., 2006). Besides impaired cardiac function, a variety of changes in peripheral skeletal muscles may contribute to the major and debilitating symptoms of chronic heart failure, dyspnea and ...
Intzirtis Panagiotis - - 2013
Painful limitation of ankle movement in athletes is commonly caused by soft-tissue or osseous formations. The impingement syndromes of the ankle are attributed to initial injuries which, undertreated, in a subacute or chronic basis, lead to development of thickenings within the ankle joint. To present the outcome of arthroscopic excision ...
Mendes Romeu - - 2013
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is characterized by brief periods of high-intensity aerobic exercise interspersed with periods of rest or active recovery and has been reported to be more effective than moderate-intensity continuous training for improving several health outcomes. However, safety and efficacy of HIIT in high-risk patient populations, like type ...
Keller Matthias - - 2013
The most current follow-up treatments after ACL injuries are time-oriented. The decision-making procedures for return-to-sport are not uniform. The ACL rehabilitation approaches comply mostly with empirical values in time-dependent schemes. However, specific questionnaires and functional assessments become more important during the control of rehabilitation. Therefore this presentation aimed to present ...
Shwartz Arkadi - - 2013
How signal transduction, which is dynamic and fluctuating by nature, is converted into a stable trancriptional response, is an unanswered question in developmental biology. Two ETS-domain transcription factors encoded by the pointed (pnt) locus, PntP1 and PntP2, are universal downstream mediators of EGFR-based signaling in Drosophila. Full disruption of pnt ...
Hamdi Chtourou - - 2013
Scientific data regarding the effects of different forms of recovery on judokas' anaerobic performances during successive judo matches are lucking. Moreover, to our knowledge, no relevant studies have examined the effects of the combined-recovery (passive-active-passive) on these performances. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the effect of three recovery ...
Ramim Tayeb - - 2013
Purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery in medial tibia tunnel entrance in patients with ruptured ligament. This cohort study was performed in patients admitted to Sina academic hospital in Tehran from April 2009 to April 2010. ACL reconstruction was done ...
Gao Peng P Developmental Biology Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, - - 2013
The neocortex plays a key role in higher-order brain functions, such as perception, language and decision-making. Since the groundbreaking work of Ramón y Cajal over a century ago, defining the neural circuits underlying brain functions has been a field of intense study. Here, we review recent findings on the formation ...
Werner Rachel M RM Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VAMC and Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
Changes in resident outcomes may be driven by many factors, including changes in nursing home care processes. Understanding what processes, if any, lead to successful improvements in resident outcomes could create a stronger case for the continued use of these outcome measures in nursing home report cards. To test the ...
Moro-García Marco Antonio - - 2013
Exercise induces a series of changes on the immune system depending on their intensity and duration.(1 2) In fact, transient states of immunosuppression are induced after intense physical activity(3) and yet beneficial exercise anti-inflammatory effects have been described over many diseases and longevity.(1) METHODS: To study the impact of intense ...
Tayeb Ramim - - 2013
Ankle and foot injuries are one of the most common acute sport injuries. The objective was to conduct a study to determine the accuracy of the Ottawa Ankle Rules (OARs) to rule out ankle and midfoot fractures in athletes' population presenting with blunt ankle and midfoot injuries. Two physicians assessed ...
Chrysi Tsiouri - - 2013
BACKROUND: Is there a reason for repairing massive cuff tears. 58 consecutive patients with a massive rotator cuff tear had arthroscopic repair between November 2004 and May 2006 with the presented technique. The average age was 68.4 years ( 49-86).Mean follow up was 46.2 months (38-56). Thirty of those patients ...
Nitzsche Nico - - 2013
The degenerative cerebral microangiopathy (CMA) is a disease penetrating brain arteries with the result of single or multiple acute small subcortical infarcts with or without associated leukoencephalopathy. The consequences are focal neurological deficits, gait and balance disorders, and vascular dementia (de Laat. 2010 & 2012). Previously, stimulus set showed in ...
Korakakis Vasileios - - 2013
Flexed sitting posture is commonly adopted in daily sitting activities and when sustained has been proposed to affect biological properties of spinal tissues and act detrimentally on proprioception. The objective of this study by using an optoelectronic motion analysis system was to assess sitting posture regarding the head, spine and ...
Stasinopoulos Dimitrios - - 2013
To compare eccentric exercises as proposed by Alfredson with eccentric and static exercises as proposed by Stanish in the management of Achilles tendinopathy. Patients with midportion Achilles tendinopathy for at least 3 months were included in this trial. They were sequentially allocated to receive either Alfredson's exercise programme or Stanish's ...
Mendes Romeu - - 2013
Exercise is widely recommended as a nonpharmacological therapeutic strategy essential to control of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular related risk. This study aims to present Diabetes em Movimento® a community-based group exercise program designed for patients with type 2 diabetes developed in the city of Covilhã, Portugal. PROGRAM STRUCTURE: The ...
Brix Christian - - 2013
Muscle injuries frequently occur in both competitive and amateur sports. In soccer, muscle injuries are responsible for more than one third of all injuries. The smaller portion are the major injuries (muscle tear and tendinous avulsion).(1 2) As the abdominal muscles give the necessary core stability for sports like soccer,(2) ...
Hagen Marco - - 2013
Chronic lateral ankle instability afflicts many athletes. The peroneal muscles are the most effective lateral stabilizers whose strength increase might brace the ankle joint complex laterally. Purpose of this study was to identify the morphological and biomechanical effects of functional pronator and supinator strength training compared to traditional plantar and ...
Becker S - - 2013
Precise recommendations on how to plan a training schedule for headers in soccer are rare. To ensure a clean technical and non-hazardous movement when heading the ball, specialized literature postulates the necessity of strengthening the muscles stabilizing the trunk. The question was how the muscles essential for headers would be ...
Syrmos Nikolaos - - 2013
Radiological evaluation is very important in spinal trauma patients during sport activities, specially in cases with atlas fractures. Aim of this study was to analyze the radiological evaluation and the role of X-ray, CT and MRI findings in 12 young patients with atlas fractures during sport activities (amateur and professional). ...
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